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1.
Urologiia ; (6): 122-125, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377690

RESUMO

Bladder exstrophy is a complex of urogenital malformations, varying in severity from epispadias to classical bladder exstrophy. The main aim of correcting bladder exstrophy in childhood is to achieve urine continence with the prevention of upper urinary tract disorders and to provide penile reconstruction. However, by the time of puberty, it is not always possible to achieve optimal anatomical features of the penis, and usually, by the end of puberty, the penile length is no more than 7 cm, which subsequently leads to psychosocial and sexual problems during puberty. Neither patient, nor urologist in most cases do not satisfy final result of the treatment of exstrophy and a number of epispadias forms. A clinical case of the surgical rehabilitation of a patient after undergoing multi-stage surgical treatment for a congenital malformation of the genitourinary system is presented in the article. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At the admission, the size of the penis was 3 cm (microfallia), urethral meatus was located in the area of the penoscrotal junction. From 2016 to 2019, the patient underwent neofallos formation, urethroplasty, and implantation of prostheses in the neophallos. RESULTS: According to the results, urinary and sexual function was completely restored, as well as anatomical relationships and dimensional parameters of the genitals.


Assuntos
Extrofia Vesical , Epispadia , Extrofia Vesical/cirurgia , Criança , Epispadia/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pênis/cirurgia , Uretra
2.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(5): 995-1006, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aesthetic augmentation phalloplasty is a set of procedures aimed at increasing penile length and/or girth; many of these procedures are investigational. This systematic review set out to summarize available literature on these procedures in patients with normal penile anatomy. METHODS: A systematic review was performed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Databases were used to identify articles on aesthetic augmentation phalloplasty in cis-gender men without penile deformity from 1990 to 2018. Data on outcomes, complications, and patient-reported satisfaction were collected. RESULTS: Sixteen articles, involving 1192 patients, met our inclusion criteria. Mean age ranged from 23 to 44 years, and follow-up time ranged from 6 to 48 months. The quality of the studies was poor regarding methodology for patient selection and outcomes reporting. Surgical interventions included suspensory ligament incision, grafting, flaps, and penile disassembly. Augmentation was performed for length only in 16 percent of patients, girth only in 70.6 percent, and combined in 13.4 percent. Length gain ranged from 8 to 83 percent in the flaccid state and 12 to 53 percent in the erect state. Girth gain ranged from 16 to 56 percent in the flaccid state and 19 to 30 percent in the erect state. The pooled complication rate was 14.6 percent, with those undergoing combined augmentation having the highest complication rate. Patients were generally satisfied; reported satisfaction rates ranged from 50 to 100 percent. CONCLUSIONS: Enhancement procedures are controversial and investigational. Data point to inconsistent methodology when reporting penile dimensions, outcomes, and patient satisfaction. Despite the reportedly high satisfaction rates, patients should be counseled regarding high complication rates. Best-practice guidelines will be critical to achieve safe and reliable outcomes.


Assuntos
Pênis/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(11): 1423-1428, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191701

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of pedicled skin flap of foreskin for phalloplasty and Sugita surgical method in the treatment of complete concealed penis. Methods: The clinical data of 46 children with complete concealed penis between January 2016 and January 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. Among which, 25 cases were treated with pedicled skin flap of foreskin for phalloplasty (group A) and 21 cases were treated with Sugita surgical method (group B) with an average age of 4.7 years (range, 2 years and 8 months to 11 years). At 3 months after operation, the concealed penis recovery was scored from three aspects of postoperative penis length (the difference of the penis length between at 3 months after operation and before operation), penis appearance, and skin appearance (the total score was 10). And the parents evaluation of satisfaction degree of penis exposure, penis appearance, and foreskin appearance after surgical correction was collected. Results: Eighteen cases (72.0%) in group A and 15 cases (71.4%) in group B were followed up with an average of 13 months (range, 3-36 months). The incisions healed well in both groups, and there was no flap dehiscence, infection, necrosis, and penile erectile dysfunction. The penile length of the two groups increased significantly at 3 months after operation ( P<0.05); there was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of penis length and increased length at 3 months after operation and score of increase penis length after operation ( P>0.05). No penile retraction occurred in the two groups. And there was no significant difference between the two groups in penis appearance score, but the penis appearance score, skin appearance score, and total score of group A were significantly better than those of group B ( P<0.05). At 3 months after operation, the satisfaction rate of penis exposure in group A and group B was 88.9% and 80.0%, respectively, with no significant difference ( χ 2=0.50, P=0.48); the satisfaction rate of penis appearance was 72.2% and 53.3%, and the satisfaction rate of foreskin appearance was 94.4% and 53.3%, respectively, and the differences were significant ( χ 2=5.13, P=0.03; χ 2=7.53, P=0.01). Conclusion: Both surgical methods are suitable for correction of complete concealed penis, and the penile length gets a satisfactory recovery. However, the lymphedema of the prepuce after Sugita surgical method is serious, which can easily lead to poor appearance of the penis after operation. In general, the effectiveness of pedicled skin flap of foreskin for phalloplasty is better than that of the Sugita surgical method.


Assuntos
Prepúcio do Pênis , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Criança , Prepúcio do Pênis/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pênis/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos
4.
Urologiia ; (5): 73-77, 2020 11.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185351

RESUMO

AIM: Urethral stenosis is one of the serious complications after proximal hypospadias repair. A variety of techniques has been suggested for its correction, such as urethral dilation using bougies, endoscopic incisions and one- or two-staged urethroplasty with buccal mucosa. The aim of our study was to improve results of urethral stenosis correction in children after multiple proximal hypospadias repairs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 patients with urethral stenosis after proximal hypospadias repairs underwent treatment in the Department of Uroandrology of the Russian Childrens Clinical Hospital from 2015 to 2019. The age of the patients was from 3-17 years (average - 4.2) with penoscrotal form of hypospadias in 12, scrotal in 8, and perineal in 4 patients. All children previously underwent 2-8 hypospadias repairs. Patients were divided into 2 groups. In group I, 16 patients had urethral stenosis from the glans of the penis to the penoscrotal area, urethral diameter of 3-4 Ch and ventral penile curvature of 45-60o. These patients were treated with a two-staged urethroplasty, similar to Brackas technique. In group II, 8 patients with urethral stenosis in the penile shaft area, urethral diameter of 6 Ch, without penile curvature were included. They underwent to a one-stage urethroplasty with buccal mucosa graft, which was sutured on the dorsolateral aspect of the urethra, with a formation of the age-appropriate urethra (Dorsolateral Inlay). RESULTS: All patients in both groups had successful results with flow rate of 8-12 ml/sec. CONCLUSIONS: The correction of urethral stenosis in children after proximal hypospadias repairs can be performed using buccal mucosa. In cases of long urethral stenosis, urethral diameter of 3-4 Ch, penile curvature, and scarring of the penile skin, a two-staged urethroplasty is recommended. In patients with stenosis of the penile shaft, urethral diameter of 6 Ch and lack of penile curvature, a one-stage urethroplasty with buccal mucosa fixation on the dorsolateral aspect of the urethra (Dorsolateral Inlay) allows to achieve successful results.


Assuntos
Hipospadia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Estreitamento Uretral , Criança , Humanos , Hipospadia/cirurgia , Lactente , Masculino , Pênis/cirurgia , Federação Russa , Resultado do Tratamento , Uretra/cirurgia , Estreitamento Uretral/etiologia , Estreitamento Uretral/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/efeitos adversos
5.
Pediatrics ; 146(5)2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33106340

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Puberty suppression (PS) is a cornerstone of treatment in youth experiencing gender dysphoria. In this study, we aim to inform prescribing professionals on the long-term effects of PS treatment on the development of sex characteristics and surgical implications. METHODS: Participants received PS according to the Endocrine Society guideline at Tanner 2 or higher. Data were collected from adolescents who received PS between 2006 and 2013 and from untreated transgender controls. Data collection pre- and post-PS and before surgery included physical examination and surgical information. RESULTS: In total, 300 individuals (184 transgender men and 116 transgender women) were included. Of these, 43 individuals started PS treatment at Tanner 2/3, 157 at Tanner 4/5, and 100 used no PS (controls). Breast development was significantly less in transgender men who started PS at Tanner 2/3 compared with those who started at Tanner 4/5 and controls. Mastectomy was more frequently omitted or less invasive after PS. In transgender women, the mean penile length was significantly shorter in the PS groups compared with controls (by 4.8 cm [Tanner 2/3] and 2.1 cm [Tanner 4/5]). As a result, the likelihood of undergoing intestinal vaginoplasty was increased (odds ratio = 84 [Tanner 2/3]; odds ratio = 9.8 [Tanner 4/5]). CONCLUSIONS: PS reduces the development of sex characteristics in transgender adolescents. As a result, transgender men may not need to undergo mastectomy, whereas transgender women may require an alternative to penile inversion vaginoplasty. These surgical implications should inform decision-making when initiating PS.


Assuntos
Puberdade/efeitos dos fármacos , Caracteres Sexuais , Pessoas Transgênero , Adolescente , Mama/efeitos dos fármacos , Mama/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Disforia de Gênero , Identidade de Gênero , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia , Humanos , Masculino , Mastectomia/métodos , Pênis/anatomia & histologia , Pênis/efeitos dos fármacos , Pênis/cirurgia , Exame Físico , Fatores Sexuais , Cirurgia de Readequação Sexual , Vagina/efeitos dos fármacos , Vagina/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21638, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872026

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Pseudodiphallia, as a rare kind of diphallia, which is characterized by a small accessory penile-like tissue without a normal penile anatomy structure. Only a few cases have been reported. Here, we report a case of pseudodiphallia with phimosis and bilateral extrarenal pelvis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 23-year-old male visited our hospital with a complaint of external genitalia malformation. Physical examination revealed a normal-sized penis with phimosis, and an extra half glans horizontally attached to the right side of the normal glans penis is visible after completely retracting the foreskin. The CT urography showed a bilateral extrarenal pelvis, and no other abnormalities were found in the kidneys, ureter, bladder, and vertebral bodies. DIAGNOSIS: Based on the physical examination and the CT urography results, the 23-year-old male was diagnosed with Pseudodiphallia. INTERVENTION: Excessive penile tissue was resected, and a foreskin circumcision operation was performed under general anesthesia. OUTCOMES: The patient recovered smoothly without complications (no infection, hematoma, or wound dehiscence) after surgery. At 6 months follow-up, the patient was content with the external genitalia's appearance, and the urination and erectile function were normal. LESSONS: Pseudodiphallia is a rare kind of diphallia, and this is the first report on pseudodiphallia with a bilateral extrarenal pelvis. CT urography can be used to assess the associated internal anomalies before surgery.


Assuntos
Pênis/anormalidades , Pênis/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
7.
Urologe A ; 59(11): 1340-1347, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of gender dysphoria necessitates an evaluation of the literature of phalloplasty techniques for female to male transgender individuals. OBJECTIVE: The following article provides an overview of the current surgical concepts and complications of phalloplasty, associated urethrogenitoplasty and the implantation of prostheses in phalloplasty. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Current international reviews and original publications from 2010 to 2020 were reviewed and correlated with our referral center experience with more than 350 female to male transgender patients over the last 25 years. RESULTS: Free radial forearm flap phalloplasty is the most widely used technique, followed by an anterolateral thigh flap (ALT flap) and pedicled or microsurgical transplantation. Hydraulic multicomponent prostheses are given preference and supplementary surgical techniques, such as scrotoplasty and glans sculpturing can make sense or be necessary. The complication rates after phalloplasty and after insertion of penile prostheses are substantial. Nevertheless, the overall patient reported satisfaction rate in the majority of studies is often over 80%. CONCLUSION: Due to the increasing prevalence of gender dysphoria there is currently a need for interdisciplinary referral centers for gender reassignment surgery. A certain standardization of surgical techniques and timing would be desirable but a review of the current literature shows a high heterogeneity so that this cannot be derived from the currently available literature. It is hoped that the recently founded S2K guideline committee on operative treatment of gender dysphoria under the auspices of the German Society for Urology and the Society for Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery can report an initial collection of experiences in 2021.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Cirurgia de Readequação Sexual , Transexualidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pênis/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Transexualidade/cirurgia , Uretra/cirurgia
8.
Urologe A ; 59(11): 1371-1376, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Penile paraffinomas are a consequence of an injection of mineral oils for augmentation. As an result of the foreign body reaction local complications regularly occur, which require a plastic reconstructive intervention. So far 8 cases have been treated in our clinic over the last 20 years. OBJECTIVE: Presentation of the operative treatment techniques for penile paraffinoma as well as the indications and complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After reviewing the relevant literature, we analyzed the data of our own patient cohort. Since 1999 a total of 8 patients with lipogranuloma underwent surgical treatment at the St. Antonius Hospital in Eschweiler. RESULTS: The choice of a plastic reconstructive treatment depends on the extent of the paraffinoma. If it is limited to the foreskin, a radical circumcision is sufficient but if it extends to the skin of the penile shaft, a plastic defect coverage with a mesh graft, a full skin graft or a scrotal skin flap is required. In cases with additional pathologies, such as urethral fistulas, auxiliary reconstructive procedures should be performed. CONCLUSION: For optimal cosmetic and functional results, the surgeon must master a broad spectrum of plastic reconstructive techniques. In selected complex cases an interdisciplinary approach consisting of urologists and plastic surgeons can be necessary.


Assuntos
Pênis , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Prepúcio do Pênis , Humanos , Masculino , Pênis/cirurgia , Escroto/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
9.
Urologe A ; 59(11): 1348-1355, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980880

RESUMO

For many trans*women, the surgical assignment of the male genital into a female is a fundamental part of the transition. Erogenous sensation of the neoclitoris is achieved by meticulous preparation of the penile glans with the neurovascular bundle. Several techniques are available for the formation of a neovagina, the penile inversion technique developed by Burou in the 1950s being the gold standard. With this technique, the inverted penile shaft skin is used as a pedicled flap to line the neovaginal canal. Alternatively, free skin grafts can be used, which serve primarily as a technique for redo procedures. Another technique is the use of intestinal segments to line the vaginal canal. This method is mostly used for redo procedures, but can also be performed primarily if penile skin is too small. Due to the numerous steps involved in the preparation, a wide variety of complications must be expected. Injury to the rectum during dissection of the neovaginal space, with an incidence of 4.5%, represents the greatest challenge. The most common complications are urethra-associated; hereby both a deviation of the urinary stream and strictures of the urethra are possible. The subjective satisfaction of trans*women with the surgical outcome is high and is reported in various studies to be 72-92%. On the basis of validated questionnaires it could also be shown that gender reassignment surgery leads to an increase in the trans*specific quality of life and promotes both subjectively perceived well-being and sexual satisfaction.


Assuntos
Cirurgia de Readequação Sexual , Transexualidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pênis/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Transexualidade/cirurgia , Vagina/cirurgia
10.
Pan Afr Med J ; 36: 13, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32774590

RESUMO

A 15-years-old boy was admitted in our hospital emergency unit with complaints of injured and hemorrhagic penile glans after donkey bites. The accident occurred during domestic activity with the animal when the boy attempted to guide the donkey. After thorough physical examination, the patient presented a penile glans amputation. Tetanic prophylaxis was started. The patient benefited from hemostatic suturing, stump regularization and penile glans reconstructive surgery and there was no complication. Functional and cosmetic results were satisfactory with good quality of micturition after six months' follow-up.


Assuntos
Amputação Traumática/etiologia , Mordeduras e Picadas/complicações , Pênis/lesões , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Adolescente , Amputação Traumática/cirurgia , Animais , Burkina Faso , Equidae , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pênis/cirurgia
11.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(2): 196e-204e, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phalloplasty often requires free tissue transfer. There is ample literature describing flap-related outcomes, but the microsurgical technique used, including choice of recipient vessels, has been an overlooked yet important topic. In this study, the authors review the outcomes of their experience with the deep inferior epigastric artery and locoregional veins and outline technical modifications that occurred during the study period. METHODS: A retrospective chart analysis of patients who underwent microsurgical phalloplasty between September of 2016 and July of 2019 was performed. Variables included flap design, donor site, and recipient vessels. The outcome measures were return to the operating room for flap compromise and partial or complete flap loss. RESULTS: Forty-two phalloplasties using the deep inferior epigastric artery were identified. There were six take-backs for flap compromise, and four patients required venous revision, one of whom lost his urethral flap on postoperative day 9. There was a decrease in take-back rate from 30 percent in the first 20 patients to 0 percent in the second 22 patients in the study period. A total of 11.9 percent of patients had partial flap loss. This decreased from 15 percent to 9 percent in the two groups. CONCLUSION: After an initial learning curve, the combination of deep inferior epigastric artery, deep inferior epigastric vein, and great saphenous vein combined with specific technical modifications such as targeted coagulation of the vasa nervorum of the clitoral nerve has proven to be a reliable technique. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV.


Assuntos
Microcirurgia/métodos , Pênis/cirurgia , Retalho Perfurante/transplante , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Cirurgia de Readequação Sexual/métodos , Adulto , Artérias Epigástricas/transplante , Feminino , Disforia de Gênero/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pênis/irrigação sanguínea , Retalho Perfurante/irrigação sanguínea , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoas Transgênero , Veias/transplante
13.
J Sex Med ; 17(9): 1819-1824, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32622768

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some studies showed encouraging results on the efficacy and safety of penile traction therapy after Peyronie's disease (PD) surgery. The early traction therapy (ETT) could be an effective and safe approach to minimize penile shortening in patients undergoing PD surgery. AIM: To evaluate the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of a novel penile splint as ETT in patients with PD undergoing grafting techniques. METHODS: Patients with PD underwent plaque incision and grafting technique; at the end of the procedure, a novel penile splint (ETT) was applied to all patient. The device consisted of 2 10CH intubating stylets, self-adapted to each patient, that kept the penis stretched with the aid of non-absorbable sutures. The total expense for the materials needed to build each penile splint was less than 15 euros. This active traction was maintained for 1-3 weeks; then, we removed the stitches leaving the device on-site for a passive traction. Within 3-4 weeks from surgery, the penile splint was replaced by a standard penile traction device. OUTCOMES: The main outcomes evaluated at 6 months included stretched penile length (SPL), penile curvature, International Index of Erectile Function-erectile function (IIEF-EF) domain, patient satisfaction, and time to first satisfactory sexual intercourse. RESULTS: A total of 46 patients were enrolled. The median preoperative IIEF-EF, penile curvature, and SPL were 27 points, 70°, and 13 cm, respectively. The median follow-up was 15 months. The median postoperative IIEF-EF was 25 points (P < .001). The median residual penile curvature was 10° (P < .001). The median postoperative SPL was 13 cm (P = .269). 8 patients (17.4%) lost 1 cm of SPL; no shortening greater than 1 cm was recorded. The median time to first satisfactory sexual intercourse and patient satisfaction score was 6 weeks and 9 points, respectively. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Our results could pave the way for a new line of research, which in turn could lead to an improvement in the postoperative management of the patient undergoing surgery for PD. STRENGTH & LIMITATIONS: This is the first study evaluating the ETT after PD surgery. The main limitation of this study is the lack of a randomized control group. Other weaknesses are the small sample size and the short follow-up time. CONCLUSION: Our novel penile splint is inexpensive, easy to assemble, and adaptable to the patient. ETT using this novel device, followed by standard traction therapy, seems to be feasible, effective, and safe. Fernández-Pascual E, Manfredi C, Cocci A, et al. A Novel Penile Splint as Early Traction Therapy After Grafting Techniques for Peyronie's Disease. J Sex Med 2020;17:1819-1824.


Assuntos
Induração Peniana , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação do Paciente , Induração Peniana/cirurgia , Pênis/cirurgia , Contenções , Tração , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Sex Med ; 17(10): 2093-2103, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32636162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peyronie's disease, diabetes, trauma, pelvic surgeries, and aging are conditions that promote penile fibrosis and trigger erectile dysfunction associated with penile reduction. These pathologies require an objective preoperative diagnosis and intraoperative management of penile shrinkage. AIM: The goal is to develop a non-grafting procedure to promote lengthening using geometric patterns of multiple staggered small cuts on the tunica albuginea with an optimal ratio between tissue expansion and resistance to confine the cylinders inside the corpora cavernosa. METHODS: Between February 2016 and February 2019, 416 patients suffering penile shortening with or without Peyronie's disease received implants using the tunica expansion procedures (TEP). Incisions were distributed in respective areas of the tunica to allow maximum expansion while maintaining strength to confine prosthetic cylinders within the corpora cavernosa to prevent bulges and denting. OUTCOMES: In accordance with these principles, surgical objectives and patient satisfaction were achieved in length and girth restoration regardless of the type of implant used to obtain adequate axial rigidity. RESULTS: The sample of 416 patients included 287 cases of Peyronie's disease having a mean axial deviation of 51° (0-90°) whose curvature was corrected in surgery, with pressure from the cylinders maintaining straightness for malleable and inflatable devices. Tunica constriction in 40.86% of cases was corrected with vertical relaxing incisions. Ventral glanspexy was performed intraoperatively in 92.8% of patients to prevent hypermobility. A penile gain of 3.3 cm (2-6) was measured intraoperatively. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Diagnosis of penile shortening was performed by a stretch length test and pharmacologically induced erection together with the patient's subjective opinion of penile loss. Lengthening procedure depends on the limit of the dissected neurovascular bundle. The patient and surgeon select the type of implant in accordance with his individual anatomic characteristics. STRENGTHS AND LIMITATIONS: The TEP strategy is a non-grafting procedure based on tissue restitution by expansion instead of substitution, which provides surgeons a solution for penile enlargement to the limit of the dissected neurovascular bundle. CONCLUSIONS: The TEP strategy has been demonstrated to be safe and effective to resolve problems of penile size reduction independently of penile curvature. It eliminates grafting and improves penile lengthening techniques using small, staggered cuts on the tunica albuginea, while maintaining tunica structural resistance to contain cylinders inside the corpora, preventing bulges and denting, facilitating tissue regeneration, and improving axial rigidity. Paulo H. Egydio, An Innovative Strategy for Non-Grafting Penile Enlargement: A Novel Paradigm for Tunica Expansion Procedures. J Sex Med 2020;17:2093-2103.


Assuntos
Disfunção Erétil , Doenças do Pênis , Implante Peniano , Induração Peniana , Prótese de Pênis , Disfunção Erétil/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Induração Peniana/cirurgia , Pênis/cirurgia
15.
J Sex Med ; 17(9): 1779-1786, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669248

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nesbit corporoplasty was proposed to address penile curvature (PC), both congenital (CPC) and acquired (APC). AIM: To evaluate surgical, functional, and patient reported outcomes (PROs) of a modified corporoplasty. METHODS: From May 2005 to January 2017, a consecutive series of patients underwent a modified corporoplasty. Data were retrospectively extrapolated. Intra and postoperative complications and hospital stay were recorded as surgical outcomes. 2 validated international questionnaires were administered preoperatively and at 12 months after surgery: International Index of Erectile Function and Sexual Encounter Profile (items 2-3). An "ad hoc" questionnaire was utilized to assess PROs. OUTCOMES: Postoperative surgical and functional outcomes and PROs were the primary outcomes assessed in this study. RESULTS: 87 out of 145 patients had complete data available and were included in the study. CPC was noted in 61 patients whilst APC, secondary to Peyronie's disease, was present in 26 patients. Median preoperative PC was 60° (interquartile range [IQR] 45-70). Functional and PROs were evaluated 12 months after surgery for all enrolled patients. Considering surgical outcomes, the median follow-up time was 110 months (IQR 27-132.5). Median operative time was 130 minutes for CPC (IQR 115-150) and 120 minutes for APC (IQR 95-140). Median hospital stay was 2 days for both groups (IQR 1-2). After the median follow-up time of 110 months (IQR 27-132.5), a recurrent curvature was observed in 9.2% of cases. Minor residual curvature (<20°) was detected in 13.8%. International Index of Erectile Function and Sexual Encounter Profile 2-3 scores improved in both groups. Long-term de novo postoperative erectile dysfunction was observed in 3.2% of CPC cases and in 38.5% in APC (P = .001). A multivariate analysis revealed that etiology (APC), patient age (>35 years), and postoperative complications represented independent risk factors for the development of postoperative erectile dysfunction. Postoperative complications, in terms of bleeding, infection, or poor esthetic wound healing, occurred in 12.6% of patients. No Clavien-Dindo grade III-IV intraoperative complications were reported. Postoperative hematoma was more frequent in CPC when compared to APC (P = .003). In relation to PROs, 26.4% of patients responded as being dissatisfied with postoperative penile length, with a higher incidence in the APC group (P = .001). Overall, a significant improvement in everyday and sexual life quality was observed in both categories. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: The modified corporoplasty described showed better residual curvature rates, whilst maintaining similar PROs even if APC patients reported less favorable outcomes when compared to CPC. STRENGTHS & LIMITATIONS: The primary limitations of this study are its retrospective nature, no objective evaluation of postoperative curvature, and no penile length assessment. CONCLUSION: The aforementioned corporoplasty may represent an excellent option for PC correction, with low complication rate and high patient satisfaction. Falcone M, CerutiC, Preto M, et al. Long-Term Surgical, Functional, and Patient Reported Outcomes of a Modified Corporoplasty: A Tertiary Referral Center Experience. J Sex Med 2020;17:1779-1786.


Assuntos
Induração Peniana , Humanos , Masculino , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Pênis/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária
16.
J Urol ; 204(6): 1341-1348, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718276

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Surgery is the first line treatment for congenital concealed penis but penile retraction is inevitable in some cases. We investigate the anatomical and histological characteristics of penile fasciae and describe a new technique for the correction of concealed penis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anatomical structures of penile fasciae were observed in 10 adult cadaveric penises. Penile tissue samples were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, Masson's trichrome and Weigert's resorcin-fuchsin, respectively. From January 2017 to May 2019, 78 patients with congenital concealed penis were treated with the new surgical technique. Median patient age was 14 years (range 8 to 18). RESULTS: Dartos fascia had sublayers. The superficial layer was a well vascularized tissue composed of nonpolar collagen fibers intermixed with nerves and vessels. The deep layer was composed of a transverse arrangement of collagen fibers and elastic fibers, and there were fewer venules and nerve fibers. Based on this finding we performed anatomical resection of the deep layer of dartos fascia to correct concealed penis. During the operation dartos fascia was separated into 2 layers and a complete circular resection of the deep layer was made at the base of the penis. Mean followup was 14 months. All patients and their parents were satisfied with the outcomes. None of the patients underwent postoperative penile retraction. CONCLUSIONS: The anatomical resection of the deep layer of dartos fascia for correcting concealed penis is technically easy, safe and effective. It provides a good cosmetic appearance and functional outcomes.


Assuntos
Fáscia/patologia , Fasciotomia/métodos , Doenças dos Genitais Masculinos/cirurgia , Pênis/anormalidades , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Cadáver , Criança , Fasciotomia/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Seguimentos , Doenças dos Genitais Masculinos/congênito , Doenças dos Genitais Masculinos/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pênis/patologia , Pênis/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/efeitos adversos
17.
BJU Int ; 126 Suppl 1: 12-17, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32542884

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide a clinical framework and key guideline statements to assist clinicians in the evidence-based management of Peyronie's disease (PD). METHODS: We conducted a review of the published literature relevant to PD management, with an emphasis on published clinical guidelines. References used in the text have been assessed according to their level of evidence, and guideline recommendations have been graded based on the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine Levels of Evidence. RESULTS: The management of PD involves taking a detailed penile and sexual history, with a focused penile examination to identify plaque and hourglass deformity, and digital photographs of the erect curved (deformed) penis. Penile colour Duplex ultrasonography evaluates tunical plaque and underlying cavernosal smooth muscle and blood flow variables. The current therapy for PD can be divided into two main groups, namely, medical therapy and penile reconstructive surgery, and the patient should be counselled on the benefits and risks of each treatment option. CONCLUSIONS: Peyronie's disease remains a clinical challenge and presents a considerable therapeutic dilemma as the current therapy addresses existing penile curvature only and is not very effective in preventing future penile fibrosis and/or reversing underlying erectile dysfunction.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Clínicos , Induração Peniana/terapia , Aconselhamento , Progressão da Doença , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Induração Peniana/complicações , Induração Peniana/diagnóstico , Induração Peniana/psicologia , Pênis/cirurgia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
J Urol ; 204(5): 1033-1038, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32516073

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Ischemic priapism is a urological emergency that requires prompt intervention to preserve erectile function. Characteristics that influence escalation to surgical intervention remain unclear. We identified factors and developed machine learning models to predict which men presenting with ischemic priapism will require shunting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified men with ischemic priapism admitted to the emergency department of our large county hospital between January 2010 and June 2019. We collected patient demographics, etiology, duration of priapism prior to intervention, interventions attempted and escalation to shunting. Machine learning models were trained and tested using R to predict which patients require surgical shunting. RESULTS: A total of 334 encounters of ischemic priapism were identified. The majority resolved with intracavernosal phenylephrine injection and/or cavernous aspiration (78%). Shunting was required in 10% of men. Median duration of priapism before intervention was longer for men requiring shunting than for men who did not (48 vs 7 hours, p=0.030). Patients with sickle cell disease as the etiology were less likely to require shunting compared to all other etiologies (2.2% vs 15.2%, p=0.035). CONCLUSIONS: Men with longer duration of priapism before treatment more often underwent shunting. However, phenylephrine injection and aspiration remained effective for priapism lasting more than 36 hours. Having sickle cell disease as the etiology of priapism was protective against requiring shunting. We developed artificial intelligence models that performed with 87.2% accuracy and created an online probability calculator to determine which patients with ischemic priapism may require shunting.


Assuntos
Tratamento de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Pênis/cirurgia , Priapismo/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anastomose Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Disfunção Erétil/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Funções Verossimilhança , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Estatísticos , Paracentese/estatística & dados numéricos , Ereção Peniana/efeitos dos fármacos , Ereção Peniana/fisiologia , Pênis/irrigação sanguínea , Pênis/efeitos dos fármacos , Pênis/fisiopatologia , Fenilefrina/administração & dosagem , Priapismo/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
Am Fam Physician ; 101(11): 680-685, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32463643

RESUMO

Newborn male circumcision is a common elective surgical procedure for the removal of foreskin covering the glans penis. The American Academy of Pediatrics, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the American Academy of Family Physicians recognize that there are health benefits of newborn male circumcision but do not universally recommend the procedure. Performing male circumcision during the neonatal period has several advantages, including a lower risk of complications, faster healing, and lower cost. The three most common techniques for newborn male circumcision utilize the Mogen clamp, the Gomco clamp, or the Plastibell device. Complications are uncommon and can include bleeding, injury to the penis, adhesions, excessive skin removal, phimosis, and meatal stenosis. Anatomic and medical contraindications may require that the procedure be deferred beyond the neonatal period. Infants with anatomic abnormalities should be referred to a pediatric urologist. Physicians should present information about potential benefits and risks rather than withholding or recommending circumcision. Parents should weigh the health benefits and risks and consider their own religious, cultural, and personal preferences when making the decision.


Assuntos
Circuncisão Masculina/instrumentação , Circuncisão Masculina/métodos , Pênis/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pênis/anatomia & histologia
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