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1.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 184(3): 423-429, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33621192

RESUMO

Context: Colonic polyps occur in 30-40% of acromegalic patients, increasing the risk of colon carcinoma. Although debated, there is emerging evidence that metformin may play a protective role in diabetic and non-diabetic patients with colonic polyps and its use in chemoprevention is currently explored. Objective: Evaluate the prevalence of colonic polyps in acromegalic patients treated or not with metformin and explore its possible protective role. Design: Exploratory cross-sectional study in two tertiary Italian referral centres. Met: hods: Out of 153 acromegalic patients, we selected 58 patients (36-82 years; f: 33) who had at least one colonoscopy performed within the first 2 years of diagnosis. Presence of colonic polyps/cancer and related risk factors, current metformin and acetylsalicylic acid intake, disease duration, therapies for acromegaly, hormonal and metabolic parameters were assessed. Results: An overall prevalence of 36% polyps was found. Based on the presence of polyps, we identified two groups, comparable for age, BMI, disease duration, glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, HbA1c, GH and IGF-I levels. Of the patients with polyps (including three adenocarcinomas) only 24% were treated with metformin vs 57% of patients without polyps. Multivariate analysis confirmed a significant negative association between colonic polyps and metformin intake (OR: 0.22, 95% CI: 0.06-0.77, P = 0.01), whereas no significant association was found between polyps and age (P = 0.10), overweight/obesity (P = 0.54), smoking (P = 0.15), acetylsalicylic acid intake (P = 0.99), disease duration (P = 0.96), somatostatin analogues treatment (P = 0.70). Conclusions: These findings, though deriving from an exploratory study, could suggest a protective role of metformin on the development of colonic polyps in acromegaly, and need to be confirmed in an extended study population.


Assuntos
Acromegalia/complicações , Pólipos do Colo/prevenção & controle , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Metformina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Pólipos do Colo/etiologia , Colonoscopia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Risco
2.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(8): 1048-1053, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788480

RESUMO

Aims: To describe the clinical characteristics, colonoscopic features, histological findings, dysplasia patterns, and clinical outcome of endoscopically detected colonic polyps in the Saudi population. Methods: This retrospective record review was conducted at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, on patients who underwent colonoscopy between 2005 and 2015. Patients with colorectal cancer were excluded. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results: Among 211 patients recruited, 66.8% were males and 66.2% were Saudi. Single polyps were detected in 45.5% of cases, while 29.9%, 18%, and 6.6% had 2, 3, and 4 polyps, respectively. Regarding the size, 81%, 17%, and 2% of the polyps were <1 cm, 1-2 cm, and >2 cm, respectively. The endoscopic examination revealed that 16.4% of the polyps were pedunculated, 82.6% were sessile, and 1% were sessile and pedunculated. About 45%, 30%, 21%, and 6.6% of the polyps were located at the rectum/sigmoid, left colon, right colon, and transverse/ascending colon, respectively. Histologically, 68.6% of polyps were adenomatous and 21.3% were non-adenomatous. Mild dysplasia was detected in almost half of the studied sample (42.3%) while moderate and severe grades of dysplasia were demonstrated in 19.2% and 38.5% of the examined polyps. Surgical intervention was required in 8.1% of cases. Conclusion: Single small-sized sessile polyps of adenomatous type and mild dysplasia are the most common polyps in the Saudi population. Sigmoid/rectum is the most common site affected, and the outcome of polyps is generally favorable.


Assuntos
Adenoma/patologia , Colo Ascendente/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Colonoscopia/métodos , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colo Ascendente/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/epidemiologia , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Arábia Saudita , Distribuição por Sexo
3.
Yonsei Med J ; 61(7): 579-586, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608201

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The impact of changes in body mass index and waist circumference on the development of metachronous colorectal neoplasia (CRN) after polypectomy has rarely been examined. We evaluated the association between changes in overall/abdominal obesity and metachronous CRN risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied patients who underwent ≥1 adenoma removal and surveillance colonoscopy. Patients were classified into the following four groups based on the changes in overall obesity from index to follow-up colonoscopy: non-obesity persisted (group 1), obesity to non-obesity (group 2), non-obesity to obesity (group 3), and obesity persisted (group 4). Patients were also divided into another four groups based on similar changes in abdominal obesity (groups 5-8). RESULTS: The number of patients in groups 1, 2, 3, and 4 was 5074, 457, 643, and 3538, respectively, and that in groups 5, 6, 7, and 8 was 4229, 538, 656, and 2189, respectively. Group 4 had a significantly higher risk of metachronous CRN compared to groups 1 and 2. However, metachronous advanced CRN (ACRN) risk was not different among groups 1, 2, 3, and 4. Metachronous CRN risk in group 8 (abdominal obesity persisted) was higher than that in groups 5 (non-abdominal obesity persisted) and 7 (non-abdominal obesity to abdominal obesity), and tended to be higher than that in group 6 (abdominal obesity to non-abdominal obesity). Additionally, group 8 had a significantly higher risk of metachronous ACRN compared to groups 5, 6, and 7. CONCLUSION: Changes in obesity affected the metachronous CRN risk. In particular, changes in abdominal obesity affected the metachronous ACRN risk.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo/cirurgia , Colonoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/patologia , Obesidade Abdominal/complicações , Obesidade/complicações , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/etiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/etiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/cirurgia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade Abdominal/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Circunferência da Cintura/fisiologia
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32244559

RESUMO

This study aimed to analyze colorectal polyp prevalence associated with health behavior. Data from 1180 Korean men (young adult (YA), aged 40-49; middle age (MA) aged 50-59; old aged (OA), aged 60-79 years) were collected. Health behavior included alcohol consumption, smoking status, and obesity. Obesity was determined using body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). Odds ratio (OR) was calculated by logistic regression. The prevalence of polyps increased for current smokers by 2.642 times in the YA group, 3.468 times in the MA group, and 3.104 times in the OA group compared to the never-smokers. The OR for WC increased in subjects with obesity by 1.514 in the MA and 1.451 in the OA group compared to normal. The prevalence of three or more polyps increased with WC obesity by 2.3 times in YA, 2.2 times in MA, and 1.9 times in OA compared to normal WC. Therefore, smoking cessation and obesity management may reduce the risk of colorectal polyps.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Pólipos do Colo , Obesidade , Fumar , Idoso , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/epidemiologia , Circunferência da Cintura , Adulto Jovem
5.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 2295, 2020 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32041974

RESUMO

It is understood that colorectal adenomas progress to colonic adenocarcinoma. Adenoma detection rate (ADR) at endoscopy has been used as a key performance indicator at endoscopy and is inversely associated with diagnosis of interval colorectal cancer. As most endoscopy reporting systems do not routinely incorporate histological assessment, ADR reporting is a cumbersome task. Polyp Detection Rate (PDR) has therefore been adopted as a surrogate marker for ADR. A prospectively maintained database of colonoscopies performed between July 2015 and July 2017 was analysed. This was cross referenced with a histological database. Statistical analysis was performed using IBM SPSS, version 24. Inferential procedures employed included the Pearson's correlation coefficient (r) and Binomial logistic regression. Of 2964 procedures performed by 8 endoscopists, overall PDR was 27% and ADR was 19%. The PDR, ADR, adenoma to polyp detection rate quotient (APDRQ) and estimated ADR (PDR x APDRQ group average = 0.72) was calculated for each individual. There was a strong positive linear correlation between PDR and ADR,r(8) = 0.734, p = 0.038 and between PDR and estimated ADR, r(8) = 0.998, p < 0.001. Adenoma detection rate strongly correlated with estimated ADR, r(8) = 0.720, p = 0.044. With the exclusion of a moderate outlier, these correlations increased in both strength and significance. There was a stronger correlation between PDR and ADR,r(7) = 0.921, p = 0.003 and between ADR and estimated ADR, r(7) = 0.928, p = 0.003.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Pólipos Adenomatosos/epidemiologia , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Colonoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Pólipos Adenomatosos/diagnóstico , Pólipos Adenomatosos/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Colo/patologia , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Irlanda/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Reto/diagnóstico por imagem , Reto/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Transplant Proc ; 52(1): 227-232, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Screening for neoplastic lesions is mandatory as a part of the evaluation process of potential candidates for liver transplant (LT). This work aimed at identifying the main findings in screening colonoscopy and their risk factors. METHODS: Endoscopic and pathologic findings of the biopsied lesions of 311 potential candidates for living donor liver transplant were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Colorectal polyps (8.7%) were the most common colonoscopic finding, of which 4.18% were diagnosed as adenomas. Other findings included hemorrhoids (7.7%), portal hypertensive colopathies (3.5%), angiomatous malformations (2.6%), rectal varices (1.6%), and diverticulosis (1.6%). The univariate analysis revealed that the prevalence of colonic adenoma was significant in patients 50 years and older (P = .03; odds ratio, 1.178; 95% CI, 1.016-1.365) and in patients who had hepatocellular carcinoma (P = .043; odds ratio, 6.5; 95% CI, 1.002-42.172). In the multivariate analysis, age was found to be the single best predictor of the presence of adenoma (P = .044; odds ratio, 1.178; 95% CI, 1.005-1.382). CONCLUSION: We can conclude that a screening colonoscopy prior to liver donor liver transplant should be performed at least in every LT candidate 50 years or older. Colonic polyps were the most common findings on screening colonoscopy prior to LT.


Assuntos
Colonoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Transplante de Fígado , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adenoma/epidemiologia , Idoso , Neoplasias do Colo/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo/epidemiologia , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Colonoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Doadores Vivos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
7.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 182(3): 313-318, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940279

RESUMO

Objective: Patients with acromegaly are at increased risk of colorectal polyps. However, their risk of colorectal cancer remains unclear. This study aimed to identify the histopathological features of colorectal polyps in patients with acromegaly and compare their risk of colorectal cancer with that in healthy controls. Methods: The study participants were 178 patients who underwent Hardy's operation and perioperative colonoscopy at our hospital between April 2008 and September 2016. For the control group, we randomly selected 356 age- and sex-matched patients who underwent colonoscopy at our hospital during the same period. The incidence, size, location, and histology of the colorectal polyps detected were compared between the groups. Results: Colorectal polyps were detected in 66.8% of the acromegaly group and 24.2% of the control group (P < 0.001). The average number and size of the polyps were 2.44 and 4.74 mm, respectively, in the acromegaly group and 1.77 and 3.89 mm in the control group (P = 0.001). Polyps in the acromegaly group were more likely to be in the rectosigmoid region (P = 0.006). In the acromegaly group, the frequency of polyps ≥5 mm was 34.3% and that for polyps ≥10 mm was 15.2%; the respective values were 7.6% and 2.2% in the control group (P < 0.001). We found no evidence of between-group histopathological differences in the polyp specimens resected by endoscopy. Conclusions: Patients with acromegaly are at an increased risk of colorectal polyps, especially in the rectosigmoid region. However, there is no pathological evidence that they are at greater risk of colorectal cancer than the general population.


Assuntos
Acromegalia/epidemiologia , Adenocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Pólipos Adenomatosos/epidemiologia , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adenoma/epidemiologia , Adenoma/patologia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Pólipos Adenomatosos/patologia , Pólipos Adenomatosos/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Pólipos do Colo/cirurgia , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa , Feminino , Humanos , Pólipos Intestinais/epidemiologia , Pólipos Intestinais/patologia , Pólipos Intestinais/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Retais/epidemiologia , Doenças Retais/patologia , Doenças Retais/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Carga Tumoral , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 35(8): 1365-1371, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Serrated polyp detection rate (SDR) is a potential quality indicator for preventing colorectal cancer associated with the serrated pathway. Using clinically significant SDR (CSSDR) has been suggested based on clinically significant serrated polyp's ability to be colorectal cancer precursors. Correlations between CSSDR and simpler SDRs, other than proximal SDR, have not yet been studied. We aimed to investigate which simpler SDR indicator is most relevant to CSSDR or adenoma detection rate (ADR) and provide benchmark data. METHODS: We analyzed 26 627 colonoscopies performed by 30 endoscopists. Clinically significant serrated polyps were defined as any sessile serrated adenoma/polyp or traditional serrated adenoma, hyperplastic polyps ≥ 5 mm in the proximal colon, or hyperplastic polyps ≥ 10 mm anywhere in the colon. Correlation of CSSDR and ADR with other simple SDRs, SDR-pathology (sessile serrated adenoma/polyp or traditional serrated adenoma), SDR-size (≥ 10 mm), and SDR-location (proximal location) was analyzed using Pearson's correlation test and Steiger's z-test. RESULTS: The CSSDR was 1.7% to 13.2% (mean = 6.1%). The correlation coefficient of CSSDR/SDR-size was 0.91 (P < 0.01), which was higher than that of CSSDR/SDR-location (0.64, P < 0.01) (0.91 vs 0.61, P < 0.01). The correlation coefficient of ADR/CSSDR and ADR/SDR-location was 0.41 (P < 0.01) and 0.81 (P < 0.01), respectively. For ADR ≥ 25%, endoscopists' median screening CSSDR was 5.4%, while SDR-location and SDR-size were 10.9% and 2.2%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Large SDR could be a simple proxy for CSSDR, in addition to proximal SDR. Large SDR and proximal SDR benchmarks of 2.2% and 10.9% may guide adequate serrated polyp detection with uniform definitions and simpler calculations.


Assuntos
Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adenoma/prevenção & controle , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/prevenção & controle , Adenoma/patologia , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 63(2): 135-142, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The College of American Pathologists has published guidelines for malignant colorectal polyp pathology reports that list histopathological features that are "core elements" and "optional." Lack of element reporting may result in inaccurate tumor risk stratification.This study aimed to perform a population-based assessment of pathology reporting for T1 colorectal cancers and determine the completeness of reporting for core and optional histopathological elements.This is a retrospective cohort study.This study reviews the pathology reports of endoscopically resected malignant colorectal polyps in Alberta, Canada between 2014 and 2016.Individuals aged 18 years or older with T1 colorectal polyps were selected.Histopathological elements were dichotomized into core and optional. Malignant polyps were classified as high risk or low risk for lymph node metastases and local intraluminal recurrence. Addendum reports were compared with first reports.After applying exclusion criteria, 431 polyps were analyzed. The mean age of patients was 65.5 years; 59.4% were male. Histological grade, deep margin, and lymphovascular invasion were reported in 82.4%, 86.8% and 75.6%; all 3 were reported in only 66.4%. Tumor budding (not in the 2016 guidelines) was reported in 14.4%. One hundred ninety polyps (44.1%) were high risk. Thirty-seven polyps (8.3%) had an addendum report. Following the addendum, 1 polyp was downgraded to low risk, and 9 polyps were upgraded to high risk.The main limitation of the study is its retrospective nature. The decision making surrounding treatment for T1 cancers is complex, and factors other than histopathological tumor features may have been part of treatment decisions.There is a high rate of incomplete reporting of core and optional elements for malignant colorectal polyp pathology reports in Alberta. Several variables used by colorectal surgeons for decision making, such as tumor budding and depth of submucosal invasion, are not considered core elements and are infrequently reported. A pathology review by a second pathologist often results in a change in risk stratification. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B98. PATOLOGÍA DEL PÓLIPO COLORRECTAL MALIGNO: ¿ESTAMOS OBTENIENDO INFORMACIÓN SUFICIENTE PARA TOMAR DECISIONES?: El Colegio de Patólogos Americanos publico pautas para informes de patología de pólipos colorrectales malignos que enumeran características histopatológicas como "elementos centrales" y "opcionales". La falta de información elemental puede resultar en una estratificación de riesgo tumoral imprecisa.Valoración basada en una población de los informes de patología para los cánceres colorrectales T1 y determinar la precisión de los informes en cuanto los elementos histopatológicos centrales y opcionales.Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo.Este estudio revisa los informes de patología de pólipos colorrectales malignos resecados endoscópicamente en Alberta, Canadá, entre 2014 y 2016.personas mayores de 18 años con pólipos colorrectales T1.Los elementos histopatológicos se dicotomizaron entre elementales y opcionales. Pólipos malignos se clasificaron como de alto riesgo o bajo riesgo de metástasis en los ganglios linfáticos y recurrencia intraluminal local. Los informes enmendados se compararon con los informes originales.Después de aplicar los criterios de exclusión, se analizaron 431 pólipos. La edad media fue 65.5 años, con 59.4% masculinos. El grado histológico, el margen profundo y la invasión linfovascular se informaron confirmaron en 82.4%, 86.8% y 75.6% respectivamente; las tres características se demostraron en solo 66.4%. Un patrón tumoral en ciernes se reporto en 14.4-una característica que no se usaba en las guías de 2016. Ciento noventa pólipos (44.1%) eran de alto riesgo. Treinta y siete pólipos (8.3%) requirieron de un informe enmendado. Aplicación de los nuevos criterios resulto en que 1 pólipo se redujo a bajo riesgo y 9 pólipos se actualizaron como a alto riesgo.La principal limitación del estudio es el diseño retrospectivo. La toma de decisiones en torno al tratamiento de los cánceres T1 es compleja y otros factores además de las características histopatológicas del tumor pueden haber sido parte de las decisiones terapéuticas.Hay una alta tasa de informes incompletos de elementos centrales y opcionales para informes de patología de pólipos colorrectales malignos en Alberta. Algunas variables utilizadas por los cirujanos colorrectales para la toma de decisiones, como el patrón tumoral en ciernes y la profundidad de la invasión submucosa, no se consideran elementos centrales y se informan con poca frecuencia. Una revisión de patología realizada por un segundo patólogo a menudo resulta en un cambio en la estratificación del riesgo. Consulte Video Resumen en http://links.lww.com/DCR/B98. (Traducción-Dr. Adrian E. Ortega).


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Tomada de Decisões/fisiologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Canadá/epidemiologia , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Pólipos do Colo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Endoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 35(2): 213-222, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Melanosis coli (MC) is a colonoscopic finding in which the colonic mucosa appears darkly pigmented than usual and generally caused by extended anthranoid laxative use. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study at Zhuhai Hospital to investigate the risk of MC for CR neoplasm development. A total of 12,776 patients who underwent colonoscopy from 2013 to 2016 including 250 diagnosed with MC and 500 controls were included in this study. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) for associations of MC with CR neoplasm detection were estimated using univariate and multivariable multinomial logistic analyses for known risk factors. RESULTS: The presence of MC was associated with a significant increase in the CR neoplasm detection rate compared with controls (OR = 1.701, 95% CI = 1.252-2.31; P = 0.001). The effect was also observed in different tumor sites, age group, gender, and lifestyle. Using univariate multinomial analysis, patients with MC were significantly associated with both hyperplastic polyp (OR = 2.069, 95% CI = 1.253-3.415; P = 0.005) and low-grade (LG) adenoma (OR = 1.585, 95% CI = 1.115-2.254; P = 0.010). However, there was no significant difference with adenocarcinoma (OR = 1.701, 95% CI = 0.990-2.924; P = 0.055). Using multivariate multinomial analysis, MC patients remained associated with increased hyperplastic polyp (OR = 1.870, 95% CI = 1.119-3.125; P = 0.017) and LG adenoma (OR = 1.474, 95% CI = 1.027-2.114; P = 0.035), but not adenocarcinoma (OR = 1.620, 95% CI = 0.914-2.871; P = 0.098). A significant increase in CR neoplasm rate was observed with drinker, smoker, and elderly patients but not with gender. CONCLUSION: Patients with MC were more likely to have both hyperplastic polyp and LG adenoma. If confirmed, such findings could suggest the discontinuation of anthranoid laxative use particularly in the elderly.


Assuntos
Pólipos Adenomatosos/epidemiologia , Colo/patologia , Doenças do Colo/epidemiologia , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Melanose/epidemiologia , Pólipos Adenomatosos/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Colo/química , Doenças do Colo/patologia , Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/química , Masculino , Melaninas/análise , Melanose/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
11.
Gastroenterology ; 158(2): 436-440, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614123

RESUMO

Colon polyp surveillance now accounts for 25% of all colonoscopies performed. The evidence that colonoscopy surveillance reduces colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence or mortality is weak. The biology of the baseline lesions and quality of the baseline exam are two primary factors contributing to post-colonoscopy CRC. Prior recommendations for surveillance were based largely on the likelihood that patients with adenomas would develop advanced adenomas, a surrogate for CRC. There is now evidence that baseline colonoscopy findings are strongly associated with the risk of incidence or death from CRC. This evidence provides a basis for updated evidence-based recommendations for surveillance. In addition, there is also growing evidence that the quality of the baseline exam is an important predictor of the likelihood of developing post-colonoscopy CRC.


Assuntos
Pólipos Adenomatosos/patologia , Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Pólipos Adenomatosos/epidemiologia , Pólipos Adenomatosos/cirurgia , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Pólipos do Colo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/prevenção & controle , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Incidência , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Dig Liver Dis ; 52(1): 72-78, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal adenoma prevalence can be determined by autopsy studies, or imaging studies such as colonoscopy. We describe the prevalence of colorectal adenomas determined by a single high detecting colonoscopist using high definition colonoscopes. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of consecutive patients aged ≥18 years undergoing colonoscopy with a high level detector for the indications of screening, surveillance, and diagnostic reasons from December 29, 2016 to January 12, 2018. RESULTS: During the study period, 1172 eligible patients underwent colonoscopy. Women comprised 55% (n = 646) and the majority (89%, n = 1038) were aged ≥50 years (mean age, 62.1 years). In persons aged ≥50 years undergoing screening, the prevalence of ≥1 conventional adenoma was 48.5% and ≥1 sessile serrated polyp was 15.3%. Diminutive polyps (1-5 mm in size) comprised three-quarters of all resected polyps (2236/2986). Among 246 patients (21%), 1050 hyperplastic appearing polyps were not resected from the recto-sigmoid. Adenoma prevalence was strongly associated with age and indication but serrated lesion prevalence was not. CONCLUSIONS: The true prevalence of precancerous lesions in the colorectum determined by modern colonoscopy exceeds determination by autopsy studies. These data help define aspirational detection targets for colonoscopy. The economic burden associated with colonoscopic resection of tiny lesions is substantial.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Colonoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adenoma/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colonoscopia/economia , Estudos Transversais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/diagnóstico , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Dig Endosc ; 32(1): 106-113, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: In Japan, risk stratification after baseline colonoscopy is not widely accepted. We investigated the findings of baseline colonoscopies at 17 community practices and evaluated the risk of the incidence of advanced neoplasia over a 5-year period. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study enrolled 3115 subjects over 40 years of age who underwent baseline colonoscopies and had at least one repeated colonoscopy within 5 years. Each group was classified based on the endoscopic findings of the baseline colonoscopy: no neoplasia/diminutive polyp <5 mm (N/D); small adenoma <10 mm; advanced adenoma; invasive cancer, respectively. We examined the incidence of advanced neoplasia during these 5 years and investigated the relationship between the surveillance colonoscopy and newly detected advanced neoplasia. RESULTS: The small adenoma group did not show any significant increased risk as compared to the N/D group (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.799. 95% CI 0.442-1.443). There was a significantly increased risk in the advanced adenoma and invasive cancer groups (HR: 4.996, 95% CI 2.940-8.491, HR: 3.737, 95% CI 1.309-10.666). Cancer incidences during the study period were 0.18% in the N/D group, and 1.9% in the invasive cancer group, respectively. Undergoing surveillance colonoscopies twice within 5 years decreased the risk of advanced neoplasia. CONCLUSIONS: There was a close relationship between the endoscopic findings of baseline colonoscopies and subsequent advanced neoplasia development. Risk stratification for advanced neoplasia based on the baseline findings can serve as a useful index for determining the optimal interval and frequency of colonoscopies over a 5-year period.


Assuntos
Colonoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/diagnóstico , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/epidemiologia , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adenoma/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
14.
Dig Dis Sci ; 65(1): 111-118, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Factors associated with interval colorectal cancer (CRC) development in the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) population remain unclear. AIMS: Among a cohort of patients with interval CRC, we aimed to evaluate IBD characteristics, colonoscopy quality indicators, and surveillance guideline adherence. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of IBD- and non-IBD-associated interval CRCs diagnosed between January 2007 and December 2014 within a large US healthcare system. We evaluated risk factors for CRC among patients with IBD. We assessed adherence to surveillance guidelines according to the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (IBD surveillance) and the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer (polyp surveillance). We compared colonoscopy quality measures between patients with and without IBD. RESULTS: Among 5345 cases of colonic adenocarcinoma, we detected 15 IBD-associated cases of interval CRC and 230 non-IBD-associated cases of interval CRC. Compared to patients without IBD, IBD patients were younger (54.5 vs. 70.4 years; p < 0.0001) and experienced a shorter interval between index colonoscopy and CRC diagnosis (20.7 vs. 35.1 months; p = 0.0009). Fifty three percent (8/15) of interval CRCs in IBD patients were detected within surveillance guidelines. All IBD patients with interval CRC detected after guideline surveillance interval had high-risk features, including active inflammation, previous low-grade or indefinite dysplasia, multiple pseudopolyps on index colonoscopy, or a first-degree relative with CRC. There were no differences in colonoscopy quality measures between patients with and without IBD. CONCLUSIONS: This study stresses the importance of strict short-interval surveillance for IBD patients with high-risk features, including active inflammation on index colonoscopy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Pólipos Adenomatosos/diagnóstico , Colite Ulcerativa/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Colonoscopia/normas , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/normas , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Adenocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Pólipos Adenomatosos/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Doença de Crohn/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
15.
Dig Dis ; 38(1): 23-30, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288225

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the uptake of screening colonoscopy among physicians as compared to the general population. METHODS: Asymptomatic physicians, aged 45-67 years, at average risk for colorectal cancer (CRC), working in the participating National Health System hospitals were asked to complete a questionnaire regarding the uptake of screening colonoscopy. The results were compared to those in a background healthy population, aged 50-75 years, inhabitants of a Greek county, who were offered a free access to a screening colonoscopy program for CRC. High-risk adenomas were those ≥10 mm in diameter or any adenoma, regardless of size, with villous histology or high-grade dysplasia. RESULTS: Overall, 267 of 782 physicians and 402 of 6,534 nonphysicians underwent a screening colonoscopy (uptake rates 34.2 and 6.2% respectively, p = 0.00001). Screening colonoscopy has yielded 4 adenocarcinomas (1.6%), 14 high-risk adenomas (5.5%), and 61 low-risk adenomas (25.7%) in the physicians' group. Corresponding figures in the nonphysician arm were 4 (1), 26 (6.5), and 107 (26.6%), respectively. The main reason among physicians for nonadherence was indifference/negligence (n = 213). CONCLUSION: The proportion of physicians undergoing screening colonoscopy for CRC is significantly higher compared to the general population; however, it does remain suboptimal.


Assuntos
Colonoscopia , Programas de Rastreamento , Médicos , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adenoma/epidemiologia , Idoso , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Grécia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cooperação do Paciente , Prevalência
16.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 63(1): 39-45, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of malignant colorectal polyps has increased secondary to the greater use of diagnostic colonoscopy and introduction of screening programs. Faced with the dilemma of whether major resection is required or whether polypectomy has been sufficient treatment, the clinician relies on high- and low-risk histological parameters to guide decision-making. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review current practice and evaluate multidisciplinary team decision-making across a United Kingdom Regional Cancer Network to establish the efficacy of previously set guidance from the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland (2013). DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a United Kingdom Regional Cancer Network composed of 4 separate National Health Service Hospital Trusts, covering an overall population of 1.5 million. PATIENTS: All patients with malignant colorectal polyps who presented to the colorectal multidisciplinary team over a 3-year period (April 1, 2012 to April 1, 2015) were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rate of residual disease after major resection, recurrence of cancer after polypectomy and surveillance alone, reporting of histological features, adherence to endoscopic surveillance guidelines, and outcomes of surveillance cross-sectional imaging were measured. RESULTS: A total of 173 patients (median age = 69 y) with a malignant colorectal polyp were identified during the study period, with a median of 2.7 years of follow-up. Thirty-seven patients (21.4%) underwent primary surgical resection with a residual disease rate of 43% (16/37). The remaining 136 patients (76.8%) were managed conservatively with recurrence in 6 cases (4.4%). Endoscopic follow-up at 3 months occurred in 61% of cases. Histological reporting was varied, with tumor differentiation and resection margin being reported in 84% of cases and lymphovascular invasion and depth of invasion in 71% and 59% of cases, respectively. LIMITATIONS: This was an observational retrospective study. CONCLUSIONS: The residual disease rate in patients treated surgically was higher than previously reported (43.2%). Incidence of recurrence in patients treated conservatively was low (4.4%). Areas of improvements have been identified in adherence to endoscopic follow-up, histopathological reporting, and potential overuse of radiological surveillance. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B47. MANEJO ACTUAL DE PÓLIPOS COLORRECTALES MALIGNOS A TRAVÉS DE UNA RED REGIONAL DE CÁNCER DEL REINO UNIDO: La incidencia de pólipos colorrectales malignos ha aumentado secundariamente al mayor uso de la colonoscopia diagnóstica y a la introducción de programas de detección. Ante el dilema de si se requiere una resección mayor o si la polipectomía ha sido un tratamiento suficiente, el médico se basa en parámetros histológicos de alto y bajo riesgo, para guiarse en la toma de decisiones.Revisar la práctica actual y evaluar la toma de decisiones, del equipo multidisciplinario de una red regional de cáncer del Reino Unido, para establecer la eficacia de las recomendaciones previamente establecidas, por la Asociación de Coloproctología de la Gran Bretaña e Irlanda (2013).Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo.Red Regional del Cáncer del Reino Unido, que comprende cuatro Fideicomisos Hospitalarios del Servicio Nacional de Salud y que cubren una población general de 1,5 millones de personas.Todos los pacientes con pólipos colorrectales malignos presentados al equipo colorrectal multidisciplinario durante un período de 3 años (01/04/2012-01/04/2015).Tasa de enfermedad residual después de una resección mayor, recurrencia de cáncer después de polipectomía y vigilancia sola, informe de características histológicas, adherencia a directrices de vigilancia endoscópica y resultados de la vigilancia de la imagen transversal.Se identificaron un total de 173 pacientes (mediana de edad de 69 años) con pólipo colorrectal maligno durante el período de estudio, con una mediana de seguimiento de 2.7 años. 37 pacientes (21,4%) fueron sometidos a resección quirúrgica primaria con tasa de enfermedad residual del 43% (16/37). Los 136 pacientes restantes (76.8%) fueron manejados conservadoramente, con recurrencia en 6 casos (4.4%). El seguimiento endoscópico a los 3 meses, ocurrió en el 61% de los casos. El reporte histológico varió con la diferenciación tumoral. El margen de resección se informó en el 84% de los casos. La invasión linfovascular y la profundidad de la invasión fue del 71% y 59% de los casos.Estudio observacional retrospectivo.La tasa de enfermedad residual en pacientes tratados quirúrgicamente, fue más alta que la reportada previamente (43.2%). La incidencia de recurrencia en pacientes tratados de forma conservadora fue baja (4,4%). Se han identificado áreas de mejoras en cumplimiento del seguimiento endoscópico, informe histopatológico y el posible uso excesivo de la vigilancia radiológica. Vea el Resumen del Video en http://links.lww.com/DCR/B47.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Pólipos do Colo/cirurgia , Tomada de Decisões , Gerenciamento Clínico , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
17.
S Afr Med J ; 110(12): 1186-1190, 2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33403963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In South Africa, there are no national guidelines for the conduct or quality assessment of colonoscopy, the gold standard for investigation and diagnosis of bowel pathology. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical profile of patients and evaluate the practice of colonoscopy using procedural quality indicators at the Wits Donald Gordon Medical Centre (WDGMC) outpatient endoscopy unit (OEU). METHODS: We conducted a prospective, clinical practice audit of colonoscopies performed on adults (≥18 years of age). A total of 1 643 patients were included in the study and variables that were collected enabled the assessment of adequacy of bowel preparation, length of withdrawal time and calculation of caecal intubation rate (CIR), polyp detection rate (PDR) and adenoma detection rate (ADR). We stratified PDR and ADR by sex, age, population group, withdrawal time and bowel preparation. CIR, PDR and ADR estimates were compared between patient groups by the χ2 test; Fisher's exact test was used for 2 × 2 tables. A p-value <0.05 was used. Benchmark recommendations by the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE)/American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) Task Force on Colorectal Cancer (CRC) were used in this audit to assess individual endoscopist performance and that of the endoscopy unit as a whole. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 55.7 (standard deviation (SD) 14.4; range 18 - 91) years, ~60% were female, and the majority (75.5%) were white. Of the outpatients, 77.6% had adequate bowel preparation (ASGE/ACG benchmark ≥85%). The CIR was 97.0% overall, and screening colonoscopy was 96.3% (ASGE/ACG benchmark ≥90% overall and ≥95% for screening colonoscopies). The median withdrawal time for negative-result screening colonoscopies was 5.7 minutes (interquartile range (IQR) 4.2 - 9.3; range 1.1 - 20.6) (ASGE/ACG benchmark ≥ 6minutes), and PDR and ADR were 27.6% and 15.6%, respectively (ASGE/ACG benchmark ADR ≥25%). We demonstrated a 23.7% increase in PDR and 14.1% increase in ADR between scopes that had mean withdrawal times of ≥6 minutes and <6 minutes, respectively. Although the number of black Africans in the study was relatively small, our results showed that they have similar ADRs and PDRs to the white population group, contradicting popular belief. CONCLUSIONS: The WDGMC OEU performed reasonably well against the international guidelines, despite some inadequacy in bowel preparation and lower than recommended median withdrawal times on negative-result colonoscopy. Annual auditing of clinical practice and availability of these data in the public domain will become standard of care, making this audit a baseline for longitudinal observation, assessing the impact of interventions, and contributing to the development of local guidelines.


Assuntos
Adenoma/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Colonoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Adenoma/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Assistência Ambulatorial , Benchmarking , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Colonoscopia/normas , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Auditoria Médica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ambulatório Hospitalar , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Estudos Prospectivos , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , África do Sul , Adulto Jovem
18.
S Afr Med J ; 110(12): 1191-1194, 2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33403964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of data on the frequency and pattern of colorectal adenomas in sub-Saharan Africa to guide diagnostic and preventive strategies for colorectal cancer (CRC) in the region. OBJECTIVES: To describe polyp characteristics and adenoma frequency in patients at average risk of CRC, who are undergoing colonoscopy for bowel symptoms at a tertiary hospital in South Africa (SA). METHODS: Colonoscopy records from the prospective endoscopy database at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, SA, from August 2014 to February 2017, were retrieved. The presence of polyps, and their morphology, size, site and number in relation to ethnicity, symptoms and colonoscopy quality indicators were analysed. The histological type and grade were obtained from laboratory records and analysed. The primary endpoint was the adenoma detection rate (ADR). Age, gender, ethnicity, symptoms, bowel preparation and caecal intubation rates were also compared between patients with adenomas and those without. RESULTS: Of 1 334 colonoscopies, 342 were performed in patients at increased risk of premalignant lesions; these were excluded from the analysis. Polyps were identified in 172 of the remaining 992 patients (17.3%), whose self-declared ethnicity was mixed race (76%), white (12%), black African (11%) or Asian (1%). The quality of bowel preparation and caecal intubation rate were similar between patients with polyps and those without. Patients with polyps were older than those without polyps (mean age 61.5 (standard deviation 12.9) v. 56.3 (17.4) years; p<0.002). On histological examination of these polyps, 119 were adenomas, 26 were hyperplastic and 27 were normal. The majority of the adenomas were tubular (80%), and there were only 6% with high-grade dysplasia. Half (51%) of the adenomas were in the proximal colon, and the overall ADR was 12%. The ADR (prevalence) was highest in white and Asian South Africans (18% each), followed by that in persons of mixed race (13%), but much lower in black Africans (5%). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides a benchmark ADR for our catchment population and potentially across Africa. There is evidence of a continuing differential colorectal neoplasia risk according to ethnicity, with fewer adenomas being detected in black South Africans.


Assuntos
Adenoma/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Adenoma/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , África do Sul
19.
Anticancer Res ; 39(12): 6419-6430, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Colon interposition counts among the most common techniques for reconstruction after esophagectomy. Availability of data on metachronous mucosal pathologies is weak. The aim of this review was to identify all reports on the development of metachronous adenoma and adenocarcinoma in colon interposition after esophagectomy in adulthood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted in MEDLINE/PubMed, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München. All studies reporting on patients who received colon interposition as substitute after esophagectomy in adulthood for benign and malignant reasons were included. RESULTS: Five retrospective studies were included, reporting on 1016 patients. Therein, no interval lesion was identified. One further study, which formally must be excluded for a misfit to inclusion criteria reports on three interval carcinomas within 365 patients. Because these lesions were the only ones found within a cohort analysis, results were supplementary reported in this review. Additionally, 31 case reports including 32 patients with benign (n=7) or malignant (n=25) findings were analyzed. Median age was 63.5 years (interval carcinoma) and 69 years (benign lesion). Benign and malignant lesions were diagnosed after a median of 8.5 years. CONCLUSION: Due to the rareness of respective cohort studies, the frequency of metachronous lesions cannot be calculated accurately. The estimated rate of interval carcinoma is 0-0.22%. Life-long endoscopic surveillance of patients with colon interposition is recommended.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo/epidemiologia , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Esofagectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(11): 1162-1165, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683406

RESUMO

This study analyzed the distribution of high-risk population, the compliance and detected lesions of colorectal cancer screening from the Cancer Screening Program in urban areas of Kunming,Yunnan Province from 2014 to 2017. A total of 127 960 residents were included,of which 14 791 (11.70%) cases were diagnosed with high risk of colorectal cancer by the National Cancer Center High Risk Population Assessment System. A total of 3 484 cases completed colonoscopy clinical screening and the rate of participation was 23.55%. The screening results showed that 592 positive cases were detected, and the positive rate was 17.17%. The detection rates of polyps,adenomas,advanced adenomas,precancerous lesions and colorectal cancer were 16.27%,13.12%,7.18%,7.63% and 0.26%, with 567, 457, 250, 266 and 9 cases, respectively.


Assuntos
Adenoma/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/epidemiologia , Colonoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/diagnóstico , Adenoma/epidemiologia , Adenoma/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Pólipos do Colo/etiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/epidemiologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
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