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1.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 67(3): 271-289, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524061

RESUMO

Sleep disorders reduce the therapeutic success of inpatient psychosomatic treatments for depressive disorders Objective: What influence do difficulties in falling and staying asleep in patients with depressive disorders have on the success of psychosomatic treatment? Method: The Data were collected in a naturalistic, multicenter observational study (STOP-D) at the beginning (T1), the end (T2) and six months later after discharge (T3). The sample consisted of female patients with depressive disorders (N = 487) who were treated for M = 61.7 days (SD = 26.8). An insomnia scale with a total of seven items was created subsequently to T1 from Items of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-I), from the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) and from the Global Severe Index (GSI) from the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90-R). Then groups were formed on changes in insomnia symptoms from T1 to T2. These two groups "sleep improver" and "sleep deteriorators" were tested by analysis of variance. Results: The subsequently constructed insomnia scale showed good psychometric characteristics in the performed analyses. Patients who reported an improvement in their sleep disturbances during inpatient psychosomatic treatment had significantly lower depression scores in the self-evaluation inventories (BDI-I und SCL-90-R) than patients without improvements in their sleep patterns. This effect was even more pronounced for the catamnestic period. Discussion: Insomnia symptoms in depressed female patients can be an important indicator of the effect of inpatient psychosomatic treatment and can have negative impact on the sustainability of the therapy success.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Depressão , Transtorno Depressivo/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/terapia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia
2.
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother ; 49(5): 334-348, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503362

RESUMO

Diagnostic work with the conflict axis of the OPD-CA: Empirical results on inpatients and outpatients Abstract. In recent years, the Operationalized Psychodynamic Diagnostics (OPD-CA) is increasingly being used in child and adolescent psychiatry and psychotherapy. This article presents the conflict axis of the OPD-CA, which contains an operationalization of seven psychodynamic conflicts and the processing modes assigned to them. It describes empirical comparisons of the conflict axis ratings and the structure rating in a group of outpatient and inpatient children and adolescents (total N = 186, 12.7 years, 54 % female). The findings in the total sample show that diagnosis-specific gender differences are disappearing, and that male and female patients have largely similar intrapsychic development-impairing conflicts. Patients in inpatient treatment in a child and adolescent psychiatry institution, however, more often show a self-conflict and, as expected, have a lower structural level than patients of the same age in outpatient psychotherapy. The number of highly stressful events before the start of therapy is also significantly higher in this group, which may have contributed to the structural deficits. For outpatients, there is a strikingly higher level of guilt and identity conflicts. In both samples, the mode of processing the conflicts is largely passive. Based on these findings, possible implications for therapeutic practice are discussed.


Assuntos
Pacientes Internados , Terapia Psicanalítica , Adolescente , Psiquiatria do Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Psicoterapia
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501596

RESUMO

For COVID-19 patients who remain symptomatic after the acute phase, pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is recommended. However, only a few studies have investigated the effectiveness of PR, especially considering the duration between the acute phase of COVID-19 and the onset of rehabilitation, as well as the initial severity. This prospective observational study evaluated the efficacy of PR in patients after COVID-19. A total of 120 still-symptomatic patients referred for PR after overcoming acute COVID-19 were asked to participate, of whom 108 (mean age 55.6 ± 10.1 years, 45.4% female) consented. The patients were assigned to three groups according to the time of referral and initial disease severity (severe acute; severe after interval; mild after interval). The primary outcome was dyspnea. Secondary outcomes included other respiratory disease symptoms, physical capacity, lung function, fatigue, quality of life (QoL), depression, and anxiety. Furthermore, patients rated the overall effectiveness of PR and their subjective change in health status. At the end of PR, we detected improvements with large effect sizes in exertional dyspnea, physical capacity, QoL, fatigue, and depression in the overall group. Other parameters changed with small to medium effect sizes. PR was effective after acute COVID-19 in all three groups analyzed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Idoso , Dispneia , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507384

RESUMO

The number of non-surgical patients in the hospital setting with pain due to medical conditions or comorbidities and/or invasive procedures or treatments is high. Compared to perioperative pain management, the portion of patients and/or conditions that require more than an approach focused on pharmacological treatment of nociceptive pain is considerably higher. Rather, treatment often requires the differentiated use of co-analgesics, non-pharmacological treatments, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, psychological assessment and interventsions and educational approaches, ideally in the form of closely coordinated interdisciplinary treatment. The assessment and treatment of acute and especially chronic pain should follow the biopsychosocial concept of pain, especially if risk factors for chronification have been identified, if patients receive high-dose therapy with analgesics or have preexisting a chronic pain disorder.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Manejo da Dor , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Dor Crônica/terapia , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Medição da Dor
5.
Mil Med ; 186(12 Suppl 2): 50-55, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469527

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic stressed healthcare systems worldwide and exposed major flaws in military and civilian healthcare systems. Landstuhl Regional Medical Center (LRMC) serves as the only military medical center for over 205,000 U.S. service members, beneficiaries, and coalition partners stationed throughout Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. The pandemic response required LRMC leaders to reconfigure services to meet pandemic concerns while providing lifesaving care to injured service members from combatant commands. The quickly evolving pandemic challenged leaders to ensure healthcare delivery amid constant change and imperfect information. While LRMC senior leaders developed a strategic pandemic response plan, a multidisciplinary team of nurses, doctors, and technicians collaborated to create an inpatient team to support the dual mission of coronavirus disease 2019 response and casualty care for the warfighter. In this manuscript, we discuss how a multidisciplinary clinical working group at a regional medical center prepared and responded to the pandemic, strategically planned patient care, and ensured support to combatant commands for ongoing forward military operations. Additionally, we share our experiences and lessons learned to inform other military facilities across the medical community and global healthcare systems.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Militares , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Liderança , SARS-CoV-2
6.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 426, 2021 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly impacted people's lives across a broad spectrum of psychosocial domains. We report the development and psychometric evaluation of the self-report COVID-19 Pandemic Mental Health Questionnaire (CoPaQ), which assesses COVID-19 contamination anxiety, countermeasure necessity and compliance, mental health impact, stressor impact, social media usage, interpersonal conflicts, paranoid ideations, institutional & political trust, conspiracy beliefs, and social cohesion. Further, we illustrate the questionnaire's utility in an applied example investigating if higher SARS-Cov-2 infection rates in psychiatric patients could be explained by reduced compliance with preventive countermeasures. METHODS: A group of 511 non-clinical individuals completed an initial pool of 111 CoPaQ items (Open Science Framework: https://osf.io/3evn9/ ) and additional scales measuring psychological distress, well-being, and paranoia to assess construct validity and lifetime mental health diagnosis for criterion validity. Factor structure was determined by exploratory factor analyses and validated by conducting confirmatory factor analysis in the accompanying longitudinal sample (n = 318) and an independent psychiatric inpatient sample primarily admitted for major depressive-, substance abuse-, personality-, and anxiety disorders (n = 113). Internal consistency was assessed by Cronbach's Alpha and McDonald's Omega. For the applied research example, Welch t-tests and correlational analyses were conducted. RESULTS: Twelve out of 16 extracted subscales were retained in the final questionnaire version, which provided preliminary evidence for adequate psychometric properties in terms of factor structure, internal consistency, and construct and criterion validity. Our applied research example showed that patients exhibited greater support for COVID-19 countermeasures than non-clinical individuals. However, this requires replication in future studies. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate that the CoPaQ is a comprehensive and valid measure of the psychosocial impact of the pandemic and could allow to a degree to disentangle the complex psychosocial phenomena of the pandemic as exemplified by our applied analyses.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(35): e27128, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477157

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To examine the etiological distribution of pathogens in pediatric patients with severe pneumonia and analyze the drug resistance of major pathogen species.Nasopharyngeal secretion specimens were collected for bacterial culture from pediatric patients admitted to the Xiamen children's hospital who were diagnosed with severe pneumonia from January 2016 to December 2019. Pathogen species were detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, direct immunofluorescence, and bacterial culture and we examined the drug susceptibility of the bacterial pathogens.At least 1 species of the pathogen was detected in 576 of 734 patients and a total of 444 bacterial samples were isolated, of which 284 were gram-negative and 160 were gram-positive. The most frequently detected bacteria were Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Escherichia coli. In addition, we isolated 186 viral samples, of which the majority were respiratory syncytial virus (n = 90) and adenovirus (n = 70) as well as 142 Mycoplasma pneumonia samples.Gram-negative bacteria are dominant among the pathogens causing severe pneumonia in pediatric patients and the major pathogen species are resistant to a variety of antibiotics. Appropriate antibiotic use has an important role in preventing the emergence of resistant strains.


Assuntos
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Pneumonia/microbiologia , Adolescente , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Lactente , Pacientes Internados/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs ; 48(5): 389-393, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495928

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this quality improvement (QI) project was to develop a preventive care bundle to reduce the incidence of nares acquired pressure injuries (NAPIs) to 3% in the adult inpatient population. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Participants included adult inpatients in a large, Magnet-designated, 664-bed academic medical center in the Midwestern United States. APPROACH: Through our organization's "RUSH Way" QI model, we developed an evidence-based NAPI Bundle comprising a "T"-shaped hydrocolloid thin barrier, a tube holder securement device, patient assessments, and site checks. The project was initiated by a team of clinicians and administrators. An incidence report was conducted of hospital-wide existing NAPIs in 2015. A pilot QI project of the NAPI Bundle was implemented in the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) from January 2016 to May 2016 and then hospital-wide implementation began in June 2016. Data were collected on the incidence of NAPIs, and documentation of hydrocolloid dressing on the nose and intact, incidence of adverse events with hydrocolloid dressing, and hydrocolloid dressing changed every 3 days were evaluated. RESULTS: In 2015, the house-wide baseline NAPI incidence rate was 4.9%. Data from the SICU pilot confirmed Bundle effectiveness, as zero NAPIs occurred during the pilot period. The hospital-wide expanded pilot in 2016 showed the NAPI rate to be 3.2%, and in 2017, the incidence rate was reduced to 1.4%, well below the 3% goal. CONCLUSION: The NAPI Bundle implemented in our organization by RNs substantially reduced the incidence of adult inpatient NAPIs.


Assuntos
Pacientes Internados , Pacotes de Assistência ao Paciente , Adulto , Humanos , Incidência , Nariz , Melhoria de Qualidade
9.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 44(9): 800-805, 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496521

RESUMO

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the high risk factors of death in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to explore the influence of aspiration on the long-term survival rate of COPD patients. Methods: A retrospective analysis of clinical data of inpatients, who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from April 2012 to December 2013 due to COPD exacerbations and had radionuclide aspiration test, was conducted. Meanwhile, we phoned the patients' family members, whose phone numbers were recorded in the electronic patient record system, to follow up the patients' survival status, and learn the causes of death from their death records if patients died during follow-up period. Inquired the resident administration patients belonging to according to their original address to get patient's current contact information if changed. Besides, if family members of patients failed to provide death record, we should look up information concerned from the medical records room of the hospital where they died. Results: The follow-up for the last patient was performed on February 20, 2017.The time span of this study is 58 months, starting from the radionuclide aspiration test for the first patient and ending with the follow-up for the last patient. 16 of the 53 patients(16/53, 30.2%)were tested positive whose average age was slightly higher than patients without aspiration (76.0±6.8 vs 70.9±9.9), but there was no significant difference between them(P=0.064). The aspiration rates among patients over and under the age of seventy were 14/35 and 2/18 respectively, and there was a significant difference between them(P = 0.03). Compared to the aspiration-negative patients, the aspiration-positive patients had higher incidence rate of pneumonia in COPD exacerbations (11/16 vs 9/37, χ²= 9.383, P = 0.002).The major cause of death in the patients with and without aspiration were respectively severe pneumonia and pulmonary encephalopathy(P<0.05 in both cases).Among COPD patients who took radionuclide aspiration test, the median survival time of the patients with and without aspiration were about 3 and 5 years respectively. The high-risk factors influencing long-term survival of the COPD patients with aspiration included ICU-involved medical history and accompanying pneumonia. Conclusions: The incidence rate of aspiration is relatively high in COPD patients over 70 years old. Compared to COPD patients without aspiration, COPD patients with aspiration have higher incidence rate of pneumonia and shorter median survival time. ICU-involved medical history and severe pneumonia are the two high-risk factors influencing long-term survival of COPD patients with aspiration.To improve the survival time of COPD patients with aspiration, we need to attach importance to the prevention and treatment of aspiration.


Assuntos
Pneumonia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Pulmão , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 70(6): 520-540, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519618

RESUMO

The Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common mental disorder in childhood and adolescence. However, it is a very heterogeneous disorder with subgroups of patients with mild symptoms and others with severe and complex impairments. Patients suffering from complex ADHD are usually characterized by multiple developmental disorders and impaired personality development. Due to the multimodal origin of the disorder, multimodal treatment approaches aimed at reducing the various deficits are usually indicated. The current study evaluated a multimodal inpatient psychodynamic treatment (PDT) for children and adolescents suffering from ADHD. 47 patients (age 9-17 years) were included in the study. Next to complex impairments (comorbid mental disorders, deficits regarding psychic structure, learning disorders and sensorimotor integration disorders), a high number of adverse childhood experiences (M = 11.71) was particularly remarkable in the sample. The PDT led to significant improvements regarding ADHD symptoms and general level of functioning. However, first symptom improvements were already evident at the end of the waiting period. For ten patients who participated in the follow-up assessment effects remained stable six months after treatment. Due to the high drop-out rate, however, the study results have to be regarded as preliminary.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade , Adolescente , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/diagnóstico , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/terapia , Criança , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Pacientes Internados
11.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e049765, 2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475173

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Falls are the most common type of safety incident reported by acute hospitals and can cause both physical (eg, hip fractures) and non-physical harm (eg, reduced confidence) to patients. It is recommended that, in order to prevent falls in hospital, patients should receive a multifactorial falls risk assessment and be provided with a multifactorial intervention, tailored to address the patient's identified individual risk factors. It is estimated that such an approach could reduce the incidence of inpatient falls by 25%-30% and reduce the annual cost of falls by up to 25%. However, there is substantial unexplained variation between hospitals in the number and type of assessments undertaken and interventions implemented. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A realist review will be undertaken to construct and test programme theories regarding (1) what supports and constrains the implementation of multifactorial falls risk assessment and tailored multifactorial falls prevention interventions in acute hospitals; and (2) how, why, in what contexts and for whom tailored multifactorial falls prevention interventions lead to a reduction in patients' falls risk. We will first identify stakeholders' theories concerning these two topics, searching Medline (1946-present) and Medline In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Health Management Information Consortium (1983-present) and CINAHL (1981-present). We will then test these theories systematically, using primary studies to determine whether empirical evidence supports, refutes or suggests a revision or addition to the identified theories. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study does not require ethical approval. The review will provide evidence for how to implement multifactorial falls risk assessment and prevention strategies in acute hospital settings. This will be disseminated to academic and clinical audiences and will provide the basis for a future multi-site study through which the theories will be further refined. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42020184458.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Pacientes Internados , Humanos , Medição de Risco
12.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e049570, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493518

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patient satisfaction is an important indicator of hospital healthcare quality. Little up-to-date information of patient satisfaction in China is available. This study attempts to gain a holistic understanding of patient satisfaction in China and identify the key antecedents of patient satisfaction. DESIGN: A cross-sectional national survey was conducted in 2018. SETTING: Hospitals in 27 provinces and 4 municipalities in 4 regions of China. PARTICIPANTS: A random sample of 15 699 patients who visited 1304 hospitals were surveyed, with around 500 from each of the 27 provinces and 4 municipalities. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems questionnaire was used to measure patients' overall satisfaction and willingness to recommend the hospital. RESULTS: We found significant variation in overall patient satisfaction but little variation in hospital recommendation across the four broad regions. Moreover, we examined determinants of patient satisfaction and their likelihood to recommend the hospital. The overall satisfaction for inpatients and outpatients is commonly influenced by communication with doctors (inpatient: ß=0.524, p<0.001; outpatient: ß=0.541, p<0.001), hospital cleanness (inpatient: ß=0.165, p<0.05; outpatient: ß=0.144, p<0.001) and acceptable charges (inpatient: ß=1.481, p<0.001; outpatient: ß=1.045, p<0.001). Both inpatients and outpatients are more likely to recommend the hospital if there are communication with doctors (inpatient: OR=1.743, p<0.001; outpatient: OR=1.647, p<0.001), acceptable charges (inpatient: OR=2.660, p<0.001; outpatient: OR=2.433, p<0.001). Outpatient satisfaction and hospital recommendation are also influenced by time spent with doctors (satisfaction: ß=0.301, p<0.001; recommend: OR=1.430, p<0.001) and waiting time (satisfaction: ß=-0.318, p<0.001; recommend: OR=0.844, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: There are regional differences of patient satisfaction in China. Patient satisfaction is influenced by a variety of hospital factors and province/municipality factors. The influencing factors of patient satisfaction may not motivate patients to recommend the hospital.


Assuntos
Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Satisfação do Paciente , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Trials ; 22(1): 635, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Palliative care is a medical specialty centered on improving the quality of life (QOL) of patients with complex or life-threatening illnesses. The need for palliative care is increasing and with that the rigorous testing of triage tools that can be used quickly and reliably to identify patients that may benefit from palliative care. METHODS: To that aim, we will conduct a two-armed stepped-wedge cluster randomized trial rolled out to two inpatient hospitals to evaluate whether a machine learning algorithm accurately identifies patients who may benefit from a comprehensive review by a palliative care specialist and decreases time to receiving a palliative care consult in hospital. This is a single-center study which will be conducted from August 2019 to November 2020 at Saint Mary's Hospital & Methodist Hospital both within Mayo Clinic Rochester in Minnesota. Clusters will be nursing units which will be chosen to be a mix of complex patients from Cardiology, Critical Care, and Oncology and had previously established relationships with palliative medicine. The stepped wedge design will have 12 units allocated to a design matrix of 5 treatment wedges. Each wedge will last 75 days resulting in a study period of 12 months of recruitment unless otherwise specified. Data will be analyzed with Bayesian hierarchical models with credible intervals denoting statistical significance. DISCUSSION: This intervention offers a pragmatic approach to delivering specialty palliative care to hospital patients in need using machine learning, thereby leading to high value care and improved outcomes. It is not enough for AI to be utilized by simply publishing research showing predictive performance; clinical trials demonstrating better outcomes are critically needed. Furthermore, the deployment of an AI algorithm is a complex process that requires multiple teams with varying skill sets. To evaluate a deployed AI, a pragmatic clinical trial can accommodate the difficulties of clinical practice while retaining scientific rigor. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03976297 . Registered on 6 June 2019, prior to trial start.


Assuntos
Cuidados Paliativos , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Teorema de Bayes , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Oncologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto
14.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 811, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ensuring patients receive an effective dose of therapeutic exercises and activities is a significant challenge for inpatient rehabilitation. My Therapy is a self-management program which encourages independent practice of occupational therapy and physiotherapy exercises and activities, outside of supervised therapy sessions. METHODS: This implementation trial aims to determine both the clinical effectiveness of My Therapy on the outcomes of function and health-related quality of life, and cost-effectiveness per minimal clinically important difference (MCID) in functional independence achieved and per quality adjusted life year (QALY) gained, compared to usual care. Using a stepped-wedge cluster randomised design, My Therapy will be implemented across eight rehabilitation wards (inpatient and home-based) within two public and two private Australian health networks, over 54-weeks. We will include 2,160 patients aged 18 + years receiving rehabilitation for any diagnosis. Each ward will transition from the usual care condition (control group receiving usual care) to the experimental condition (intervention group receiving My Therapy in addition to usual care) sequentially at six-week intervals. The primary clinical outcome is achievement of a MCID in the Functional Independence Measure (FIM™) at discharge. Secondary outcomes include improvement in quality of life (EQ-5D-5L) at discharge, length of stay, 30-day re-admissions, discharge accommodation, follow-up rehabilitation services and adverse events (falls). The economic outcomes are the cost-effectiveness per MCID in functional independence (FIM™) achieved and per QALY gained, for My Therapy compared to usual care, from a health-care sector perspective. Cost of implementation will also be reported. Clinical outcomes will be analysed via mixed-effects linear or logistic regression models, and economic outcomes will be analysed via incremental cost-effectiveness ratios. DISCUSSION: The My Therapy implementation trial will determine the effect of adding self-management within inpatient rehabilitation care. The results may influence health service models of rehabilitation including recommendations for systemic change to the inpatient rehabilitation model of care to include self-management. Findings have the potential to improve patient function and quality of life, and the ability to participate in self-management. Potential health service benefits include reduced hospital length of stay, improved access to rehabilitation and reduced health service costs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was prospectively registered with the Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ACTRN12621000313831; registered 22/03/2021, http://www.anzctr.org.au/Trial/Registration/TrialReview.aspx?id=380828&isReview=true ).


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Adulto , Austrália , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Alta do Paciente , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444621

RESUMO

AIMS: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has proven to be effective and beneficial in middle-aged and older patients. However, solid data in large cohorts of elderly individuals are yet to be explored. This retrospective study investigated the general characteristics, outcomes, and the level of response of patients referred to CR over 13 consecutive years. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients admitted to Villa Pineta Rehabilitation Hospital for exercise-based CR from 2006 to 2018. The patients' baseline characteristics and changes following CR in an upper-limb weightlifting test (ULW), 30-s sit-to-stand test (30STS), and the 6-min walking test (6MWT) with associated Borg-related dyspnea (D) and fatigue (F) were collected. We also calculated the number of individuals that reached the minimal clinically relevant change (MCRC) following CR for each outcome. RESULTS: One thousand five hundred and fifty-one patients (70.2 ± 9.7 years, 66% men) with complete datasets were included in the analysis. Coronary artery bypass graft and cardiac valve replacement surgery were the most frequent surgical procedures leading to CR referral (41.1% and 35.8%, respectively). The patients' age (p = 0.03), number of total comorbidities (p < 0.0001), and post-surgical complications (p = 0.02) significantly increased over time. In contrast, the average absolute changes in ULW, 30STS, and 6MWT with associated D and F, and the proportion of patients that reached their respective MCRC, remained constant over the same period. CONCLUSION: The patients admitted to exercise-based CR were older and had more comorbidities and complications over time. The outcomes, however, were not influenced in terms of the absolute change or clinically meaningful response.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444140

RESUMO

The challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic have led to the development of new hospital design strategies and models of care. To enhance staff safety while preserving patient safety and quality of care, hospitals have created a new model of remote inpatient care using telemedicine technologies. The design of the COVID-19 units divided the space into contaminated and clean zones and integrated a control room with audio-visual technologies to remotely supervise, communicate, and support the care being provided in the contaminated zone. The research is based on semi-structured interviews and observations of care processes that implemented a new model of inpatient telemedicine at Sheba Medical Center in Israel in different COVID-19 units, including an intensive care unit (ICU) and internal medicine unit (IMU). The study examines the impact of the diverse design layouts of the different units associated with the implementation of digital technologies for remote care on patient and staff safety. The results demonstrate the challenges and opportunities of integrating inpatient telemedicine for critical and intermediate care to enhance patient and staff safety. We contribute insights into the design of hospital units to support new models of remote care and suggest implications for Evidence-based Design (EBD), which will guide much needed future research.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Arquitetura Hospitalar , Telemedicina , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
18.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e049755, 2021 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413105

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore factors behind inpatient admissions by high-cost users (HCUs) in pre-end-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of CKD.QLD Registry and hospital admissions of the Queensland Government Department of Health recorded between 1 July 2011 and 30 June 2016. SETTING: Queensland public and private hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: 5096 individuals with CKD who consented to the CKD.QLD Registry via 1 of 11 participating sites. MAIN OUTCOMES: Associations of HCU status with patient characteristics, pathways and diagnoses behind hospital admissions at 12 months. RESULTS: Age, advanced CKD, primary renal diagnosis, cardiovascular disease and hypertension were predictors of the high-cost outcome. HCUs were more likely than non-HCUs to be admitted by means of episode change (relative risk: 5.21; 95% CI 5.02 to 5.39), 30-day readmission (2.19; 2.13 to 2.25), scheduled readmission (1.29; 1.11 to 1.46) and emergency (1.07; 1.02 to 1.13), for diagnoses of the nervous (1.94; 1.74 to 2.15), circulatory (1.24; 1.14 to 1.34) and respiratory (1.2; 1.03 to 1.37) systems and other factors influencing health status (1.92; 1.74 to 2.09). CONCLUSIONS: The high relevance of episode change and other factors influencing health status revealed that a substantial part of excess demand for inpatient care was associated with discordant conditions often linked to frailty, decline in psychological health and social vulnerability. This suggests that multidisciplinary models of care that aim to manage discordant comorbidities and address psychosocial determinants of health, such as renal supportive care, may play an important role in reducing inpatient admissions in this population.


Assuntos
Pacientes Internados , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Hospitalização , Humanos , Sistema de Registros , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A Korean hospitalist is a medical doctor in charge of inpatient care during hospital stays. The purpose of this study is to examine the patient satisfaction of hospitalist patients compared to non-hospitalist patients. Patient satisfaction is closely related to the outcome, quality, safety, and cost of care. Thus, seeking to achieve high patient satisfaction is essential in the inpatient care setting. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This is a case-control study based on patient satisfaction survey by the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. We measured patients' satisfaction in physician accessibility, consultation and care service skills, and overall satisfaction through logistic regression analyses. A total of 3871 patients from 18 facilities responded to 18 questionnaires and had health insurance claim data. RESULTS: Hospitalist patients presented higher satisfaction during the hospital stay compared to non-hospitalist patients. For example, as per accessibility, hospitalist patients could meet their attending physician more than twice a day (OR: 3.46, 95% CI: 2.82-4.24). Concerning consultation and care service skills, hospitalists' explanations on the condition and care plans were easy to understand (OR: 2.33, 95% CI: 1.89-2.88). Moreover, overall satisfaction was significantly higher (ß: 0.431, p < 0.0001). Subgroup analyses were conducted by medical division and region. Hospitalist patients in the surgical department and the rural area had greater patient satisfaction in all aspects of the survey than non-hospitalist patients. CONCLUSIONS: Hospitalists' patients showed higher satisfaction during the hospital stay. Our study discovered that hospitalists could provide high-quality care as they provide onsite care continuously from admission to discharge.


Assuntos
Médicos Hospitalares , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Tempo de Internação , Satisfação do Paciente , República da Coreia
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360462

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inpatient falls are common hospital adverse events. We aimed to determine inpatient fall rates in an urban public hospital and analyzed their characteristics across clinical departments. METHODS: The study was conducted in a 350-bed urban, multi-specialty public hospital in the 2013-2019 period. Patient data were retrieved from the hospital's standardized falls reporting system. Descriptive statistics and statistical tests: chi2 and ANOVA tests with multiple comparison tests (post-hoc analysis) were used. For fall incidence estimation a joint-point regression was applied. p-value of 0.05 was considered as statistically significant for all the calculations. RESULTS: The highest prevalence of falls was reported in the rehabilitation and internal medicine wards (1.915% and 1.181%, respectively), the lowest in the orthopedic (0.145%) and rheumatology wards (0.213%) (p < 0.001). The vast majority of falls took place in the late evening and during the night (56.711%) and were classified as bed falls (55.858%). The crude incidence rate (cIR) of falls was 6.484 per one thousand hospitalizations. In the 2013-2017 period, an increase in total cIR was observed, reaching the peak value in 2016; it was followed by a slight decline from 2017 to 2019, however, differences in changes were observed between the wards. CONCLUSION: Fall rates and trends as well as circumstances of inpatient falls varied significantly among clinical departments, probably due to differences in patient characteristics.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas , Pacientes Internados , Hospitalização , Hospitais Urbanos , Humanos , Incidência , Fatores de Risco
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