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1.
Br J Nurs ; 29(1): 66-69, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917941

RESUMO

Richard Griffith, Senior Lecturer in Health Law at Swansea University, discusses the revised framework for authorising the deprivation of liberty of a person who lacks capacity.


Assuntos
Competência Mental/legislação & jurisprudência , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Reino Unido
2.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1047996

RESUMO

Objetivo: identificar as atividades de vida diárias com dependência de cuidados de enfermagem. Método: estudo exploratório com abordagem qualitativa realizado com 52 pessoas em situação de rua na cidade de Sobral, Ceará, Brasil. Utilizou-se o modelo de atividade de vida diária proposto por Roper, Logan e Tierney para nortear a coleta e análise de dados. Resultados: as atividades de vida com maior dependência de cuidados são: alimentação, devido consumo irregular de nutrientes básicos, que promove um estado de desnutrição permanente, outra atividade foi trabalho e distração, pois os mesmos não possuem remuneração fixa e vivem do que arrecadam ao realizar atividades que geram pequenas quantias monetárias, além das atividades, morte, sexualidade, sono, respiração e eliminação, as quais também se revelaram comprometidas. Conclusão: a utilização do modelo com pessoas em situação de rua proporcionou abordagem holística aos indivíduos, por favorecer a investigação dos fatores que interferem na manutenção da saúde


Objetivo: identificar las actividades de la vida cotidiana con dependencia del cuidado de enfermeira. Método: estudio exploratorio con un enfoque cualitativo realizado con 52 personas en situación de calle en Sobral, Ceará, Brasil. El modelo de actividad de la vida diaria propuesto por Ropen, Logan y Tierney se utilizó para guiar la recolección y el análisis de datos. Resultados: las actividades de vida con mayor dependencia de cuidados son: alimentación, debido consumo irregular de nutrientes básicos, que promueve un estado de desnutrición permanente, otra actividad fue trabajo y distracción, pues los mismos no poseen remuneración fija y viven de lo que recaudan al realizar actividades que generan pequeñas cantidades monetarias, además de las actividades, muerte, sexualidad, sueño, respiración y eliminación, las cuales también se revelaron comprometidas. Conclusión: la utilización del modelo con personas en situación de calle proporcionó un enfoque holístico a los individuos, por favorecer la investigación de los factores que interfieren en el mantenimiento de la salud


Objective: identify daily Activities of Daily Living with dependence on nursing care. Method: exploratory study with a qualitative approach performed with 52 people in a street situation in Sobral, Ceará, Brazil. The daily Daily Living Activity model proposed by Ropen, Logan and Tierney was used to guide the data collection and analysis. Results: the activities of life with greater dependence on care are: food, due to irregular consumption of basic nutrients, which promotes a state of permanent malnutrition; another activity was work and entertainment, because they do not have fixed remuneration and live on what they collect by performing activities that generate small amounts of Money, besides activities such as death, sex, sleep, breathing and elimination, which are also compromised. Conclusion: the use of the model with people living on the street provided a holistic view of individuals, favoring the investigation of the factors that interfere in the maintenance of health


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Pessoas em Situação de Rua , Modelos de Enfermagem , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem , Enfermagem de Atenção Primária/métodos , Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos
3.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(1): 52-58, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of the implementation of interprofessional shared governance and a caring professional practice model (Relationship-Based Care [RBC]) on the staff's self-report of caring, work engagement, and workplace empowerment over a 4-year time frame. BACKGROUND: Shared or interprofessional governance has moved mainstream within healthcare settings, particularly within agencies seeking to sustain high reliability in the offering of quality patient care services and/or interest in meeting Magnet standards or embarking upon the Pathway to Excellence. Nurse leaders report that organizations having implemented shared governance thrive, citing professional governance as key to workplace engagement and empowerment, particularly related to quality care initiatives. Transition to interprofessional shared governance structures typically takes 2 to 3 years. It is unknown whether related outcome variables are sustainable over time. METHODS: Utilizing Watson's theory of human caring and appreciative inquiry as underlying frameworks, a longitudinal, quantitative study design was employed. Interprofessional focus groups and introductory sessions were offered to inform and engage all personnel within the medical center. Motivated units were identified, professional shared governance council members elected, and unit-specific education provided. Quality improvement initiatives were facilitated within unit councils, and formal leadership programs to enhance project guidance and to support staff empowerment skills for the managers of the units that were up-and-running were provided. Preimplementation and postimplementation measurements of staff's caring, workplace engagement and work empowerment were assessed, compared, and trended across units over time. RESULTS: Only work empowerment scores among staff working within RBC units were sustainable and increased progressively and significantly over time. Work engagement levels initially rose and then stabilized over time. Caring levels remained stable despite the implementation of a caring professional practice model. Statistically significant correlations were noted between work engagement and empowerment, followed by the relationship between work engagement and caring, followed by the relationship between empowerment and caring. CONCLUSIONS: The sustainability of work empowerment is likely related to the periodic provision of education for leaders regarding leading within an empowered work environment. A stronger focus on staff caring, particularly within quality improvement initiatives, with leadership guidance, will be paramount moving forward.


Assuntos
Empatia , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/normas , Governança Compartilhada de Enfermagem , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
4.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(1): 22-27, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809453

RESUMO

This article describes a practice improvement initiative (PII) demonstrating the impact of doctorate of nursing practice (DNP) skills beyond direct patient care. The Donna Wright Competency Assessment Model, AACN DNP Essentials, and National Organization of Nurse Practitioner Faculties nurse practitioner competencies framed the PII. The DNP graduates planned, implemented, and evaluated an assessment of 1,055 staff nurses on shift hand-off, physical assessment, and hand hygiene. Results indicated that 95% of the staff nurses scored 100% on competency assessment. The PII model was adopted for future competency evaluation.


Assuntos
Benchmarking , Modelos de Enfermagem , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/normas , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/normas , Humanos , Estados Unidos
5.
Br J Nurs ; 28(22): 1456-1460, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31835940

RESUMO

Theoretical frameworks have successfully guided researchers in implementing coaching interventions to effect dietary changes in adults for both prevention and management of chronic diseases. Three such frameworks include the Transtheoretical Model (TTM), Social Cognitive Theory (SCT), and the Theory of Integrative Nurse Coaching (TINC). This article introduces each theory, followed by an overview of the coaching interventions used to effect dietary behaviour changes within each theory. A condensed version of Turner's synthesis methodology is used to determine if a conceptual connection exists among the three models/theories. The condensed version includes synthesis preparation, synthesis (comparison of converging and diverging components), synthesis refinement (conceptual connection), and a concluding discussion of all three theories related to nursing practice. This synthesis will inform the focus of interventions that aim to promote dietary changes in adults at risk of developing sarcopenia.


Assuntos
Dieta/psicologia , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Tutoria/organização & administração , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Teoria Psicológica
6.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03471, Jan.-Dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1020378

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Identificar a prevalência de documentação do Processo de Enfermagem nos hospitais e ambulatórios administrados pela Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de São Paulo. Método Estudo descritivo, realizado por meio de entrevistas com enfermeiros responsáveis por 416 setores de 40 instituições sobre a documentação de quatro fases do Processo de Enfermagem (levantamento de dados, diagnóstico, prescrição e evolução) e de anotações de enfermagem. Resultados Dos 416 setores estudados, 89,9% documentavam pelo menos uma fase; 56,0% documentavam as quatro fases; 4,3% documentavam apenas anotações de enfermagem; 5,8% não documentavam nenhuma fase, nem as anotações de enfermagem. Os tipos de setores que menos documentavam foram: ambulatório, apoio diagnóstico, centro cirúrgico e centro obstétrico; os que mais documentavam: unidades de terapia intensiva, prontos-socorros e unidades de internação. O levantamento de dados e o diagnóstico foram as fases menos documentadas, ambas em 78,8% dos setores. Conclusão A maior parte dos setores estudados documenta o Processo de Enfermagem e faz anotações de enfermagem, mas há setores em que a documentação não corresponde às exigências formais. A viabilidade da documentação de todas as fases do Processo de Enfermagem em determinados tipos de setores precisa ser mais bem estudada.


RESUMEN Objetivo Identificar la prevalencia de documentación del Proceso de Enfermería en los hospitales y ambulatorios administrados por la Secretaría de Estado de la Salud de São Paulo. Método Estudio descriptivo, llevado a cabo mediante entrevistas con enfermeros responsables de 416 sectores de 40 centros acerca de la documentación de cuatro fases del Proceso de Enfermería (inventario de datos, diagnóstico, prescripción y evolución) y de apuntes de enfermería. Resultados De los 416 sectores estudiados, el 89,9% documentaban por lo menos una fase; el 56,0% documentaban las cuatro fases; el 4,3% documentaban solo apuntes de enfermería; el 5,8% no documentaban ninguna fase, ni los apuntes de enfermería. Los tipos de sectores que menos documentaban fueron: ambulatorio, apoyo diagnóstico, quirófano y centro obstétrico; los que más documentaban: unidades de cuidados intensivos, urgencias y unidades de estancia hospitalaria. El inventario de datos y el diagnóstico fueron las bases menos documentadas, ambas en el 78,8% de los sectores. Conclusión La mayor parte de los sectores estudiados documenta el Proceso de Enfermería y hace apuntes de enfermería, pero hay sectores en los que la documentación no corresponde a los requerimientos formales. La factibilidad de la documentación de todas las fases del Proceso de Enfermería en determinados tipos de sectores necesita ser más bien estudiada.


ABSTRACT Objective To identify the prevalence of nursing process documentation in hospitals and outpatient clinics administered by the São Paulo State Department of Health. Method A descriptive study conducted through interviews with nurses responsible for 416 sectors of 40 institutions on the documentation of four phases of the Nursing Process (data collection, diagnosis, prescription and evaluation) and nursing annotations. Results Of the 416 sectors studied, 89.9% documented at least one phase; 56.0% documented the four phases; 4.3% only documented nursing annotations; 5.8% did not document any phase, nor did the nursing notes. The types of sectors which were less documented were: ambulatory, diagnostic support, surgical center and obstetric center; while the ones which were most documented included: intensive care units, emergency rooms and hospitalization units. The data collection and diagnosis were the least documented phases, both in 78.8% of the sectors. Conclusion Most of the studied sectors document the Nursing Process and do nursing annotations, but there are sectors where documentation does not meet formal requirements. The viability of documentation of all the Nursing Process phases in certain types of sectors needs to be better studied.


Assuntos
Registros de Enfermagem , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem , Processo de Enfermagem , Serviços de Enfermagem
8.
Nurs Res ; 68(6): E1-E7, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intermittent fetal monitoring (IFM) is a recommended strategy for intrapartum fetal heart rate assessment in low-risk pregnancies; however, this "high touch, low tech" approach is underutilized. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the relationships between labor and delivery nurses' intellectual capital and their perceptions of barriers to research utilization in the work setting. METHODS: A cross-sectional correlational design using data derived from a larger study of labor and delivery nurses (N = 248) was used. Covell's theory of nursing intellectual capital was used as the conceptual and analytic framework to examine labor and delivery nurses' intellectual capital and their perceived barriers to research utilization. RESULTS: Nurses who receive paid time off from their employer to attend conferences (p < .01) and nurses who do not report nurse-to-patient ratios as a problem in providing IFM (p < .01) perceive fewer barriers to research utilization. DISCUSSION: Time, especially available time, has an effect on labor and delivery nurses' attitude toward IFM and their perceptions of barriers to research utilization.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Competência Clínica , Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências , Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Enfermagem Obstétrica , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem , Estudos Transversais , Monitorização Fetal , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Int Heart J ; 60(6): 1293-1302, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735786

RESUMO

The effects of disease management using telemonitoring for patients with heart failure (HF) remain controversial. Hence, we embedded care coordination and enhanced collaborative self-management through interactive communication via a telemonitoring system (collaborative management; CM). This study evaluated whether CM improved psychosocial status and prevented rehospitalization in patients with HF in comparison with self-management education (SM), and usual care (UC).We randomly allocated 59 patients into 3 groups; UC (n = 19), SM (n = 20), and CM (n = 20). The UC group received one patient education session, and the SM and CM groups participated in disease management programs for 12 months. The CM group received telemonitoring concurrently. All groups were followed up for another 12 months. Data were collected at baseline and at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months.The primary endpoint was quality of life (QOL). Secondary endpoints included self-efficacy, self-care, and incidence of rehospitalization. The QOL score improved in CM compared to UC at 18 and 24 months (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences among the 3 groups in self-efficacy and self-care. However, compared within each group, only the CM had significant changes in self-efficacy and in self-care (P < 0.01). Rehospitalization rates were high in the UC (11/19; 57.9%) compared with the SM (5/20; 27.8%) and CM groups (4/20; 20.0%). The readmission-free survival rate differed significantly between the CM and UC groups (P = 0.020).We conclude that CM has the potential to improve psychosocial status in patients with HF and prevent rehospitalization due to HF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hospitalização , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem , Qualidade de Vida , Autocuidado , Telemedicina , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Insuficiência Cardíaca/psicologia , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Projetos Piloto , Autoeficácia
10.
Nephrol Nurs J ; 46(5): 485-495, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566344

RESUMO

Globally, home dialysis prevalence has been declining relative to the increase in end stage renal disease and renal replacement therapy. The goal of this study was to identify international perceptions and practices. A web-based questionnaire was disseminated to nephrology nurses in 30 home dialysis-prevalent nations. Global telehealth use was low (23%), contrasting with 83% respondents agreeing telehealth would improve care. Only 31% of all programs enabled patient training outside of normal working hours (e.g., nights and weekends), and 31% of all program patients had some cost reimbursement, with a significant difference between U.S. and non-U.S. programs (U.S. 11%, non-U.S. 59%, 2 = 93.6, p < 0.0001). Significant differences in the need for monthly clinic visits (U.S. 72%, non-US 44%, 2 = 83.7, p < 0.0001) were also found. Telehealth provision and patient training flexibility is limited, and patient cost reimbursement is low. Increased telehealth, patient cost reimbursement, and flexible training models may promote home dialysis growth.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Hemodiálise no Domicílio/enfermagem , Falência Renal Crônica/enfermagem , Enfermagem em Nefrologia , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 29(5): 271-279, sept.-oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184151

RESUMO

Objetivo: Conocer las opiniones de los tutores y de los estudiantes del Grado en Enfermería sobre las prácticas clínicas e identificar estrategias y propuestas de mejora para el desempeño de la labor docente. Método: Estudio cualitativo con perspectiva fenomenológica mediante grupos focales con enfermeros tutores de prácticas clínicas y estudiantes de Enfermería. Los participantes se segmentaron en 3 grupos: estudiantes, tutores del área médica y tutores del área quirúrgica. El número de grupos lo determinó la saturación de la información. Se transcribieron los discursos y se realizó un análisis manual sintáctico y semántico de los discursos para extraer las variables de análisis. Se obtuvieron los permisos del Comité de Ética de la Investigación Provincial y del centro correspondiente. Resultados: Tanto los tutores como los estudiantes destacan la necesidad de capacitar a los tutores en las habilidades formativas y proporcionarles herramientas que faciliten su labor, así como el reconocimiento formal de su función docente. En sus discursos, ambos colectivos proponen un cambio de visión y, sobre todo, de actitudes en el desarrollo de la enseñanza-aprendizaje. Y, por último, se manifiesta la necesidad de un cambio en el modelo de relaciones entre la Universidad y los servicios sanitarios. Conclusiones: Con base en lo anteriormente expuesto, se identifica la necesidad de incentivar y formar a los profesionales clínicos para la función tutorial y de plantear un cambio de modelo que propicie un acercamiento entre la Universidad y el sistema sanitario


Objective: To discover the opinions of the tutors and students of the Degree in Nursing on clinical practices and identify strategies and improvement proposals for teacher performance. Method: A qualitative study with a phenomenological perspective through focus groups with clinical nurse tutors and nursing students. The participants were divided into 3 groups: students, tutors from the medical area and tutors from the surgical area. The number of groups was determined by saturation of the information. The discourse was transcribed and a syntactic and semantic manual analysis of the discourse was made to extract the analysis variables. Permission was obtained from the Provincial Research Ethics Committee and the corresponding centre. Results: Both the tutors and the students emphasized the need to train tutors in teaching skills and provide them with tools that facilitate their work, as well as the need for formal recognition of their teaching function. In their discourse, both groups proposed a change of vision, and above all of attitudes, in the development of teaching-learning. Finally, there is a need for a change in the model of relations between the University and health services. Conclusions: Based on the above, the need to encourage and train clinical professionals as tutors is identified and a change of model proposed to bring the University and the health system closer together


Assuntos
Humanos , Estágio Clínico/organização & administração , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade , Mentores , Análise Qualitativa , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação em Enfermagem/organização & administração
12.
Bull Cancer ; 106(10): 847-859, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521255

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Cancer Observatory, from the OMEDITs (Observatory for Medicines and Medical Devices and Treatment Innovations) of Bretagne and Pays de la Loire areas has conducted a survey aiming to know and map the current practices of management of patients by Oral Anti-cancer Drug (OAD) in inter-region. METHODS: Forty eight cancer centers received by e-mail in July and October 2016 a questionnaire concerning the management of OADs : from prescription by the specialist of oncology, to the intervention of the pharmacist (analysis and pharmaceutical consulting), to follow-up by nurse, as well as the financing of this activity and the feelings of the actors about this organizational set up. RESULTS: Fifty-seven professionals from 31 centers, including the most important ones, responded to the survey. As a result, half of the establishments carry out a pharmaceutical analysis for some or all of the OAD prescriptions and only 30% carry out a pharmaceutical consulting. The nurse consultation is, on the other hand, more largely implanted (74% of the centers) as well as the telephone follow-up (6%). More than 90% of professionals believe that the organizational set up could be improved and more secure by, at least, the stronger involvement of pharmacists, the development of tools for nurse (for monitoring, therapeutic education…) and by improving the city-hospital link. CONCLUSION: This survey shows the variability in the management of patients under OAD because of the lack of resources to ensure the fairness and sustainability of the organizational set up. The hospital/city link could still be optimized to secure patient care.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Institutos de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Prescrições de Medicamentos , França , Humanos , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Objetivos Organizacionais , Satisfação do Paciente , Farmacêuticos , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Telefone
13.
Br J Nurs ; 28(16): 1063-1068, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518538

RESUMO

Patients who present to their GP with 'red flag' symptoms for possible bowel cancer (such as change in bowel habit or rectal bleeding) are urgently referred to an acute trust as a '2 week wait' (2WW) patient and require assessment and investigation in an efficient and timely manner. The burden that is created by ever increasing numbers of referrals requires a service that is reliable and flexible in meeting demand. This article presents the development of a nurse-led 2WW service that was implemented as a direct result of this pressure. The development of the national guideline is discussed and the rationale for a nurse-led service is provided, along with the processes followed to ensure patient safety. The inclusion of a telephone side to service provision is also examined and the challenges faced by the team are discussed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais/enfermagem , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Listas de Espera , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo , Reino Unido
15.
NASN Sch Nurse ; 34(5): 274-277, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405360

RESUMO

The beginning of a new school year provides an opportunity to share with teachers and principals how you, as the school nurse, support student learning. Presenting data, whether via an Excel spreadsheet, PowerPoint presentation, or handout is vital to telling your students' story. While often we talk about compiling data for year-end reports, you can share your data anytime. Data can be used to articulate the complexity of students' health and where needs exist. Presenting your data is a way to advocate for your students and describe your role as the school nurse. There are several questions to think about when preparing a data presentation: Who is your audience? What information are you presenting? How are you going to tell the story? And finally, why is this important? This article will provide tips on conveying your data-driven message to the audience with minimal effort, utilizing digital tools the 21st century school nurse is already familiar with.


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem , Serviços de Enfermagem Escolar , Humanos
17.
J Clin Nurs ; 28(23-24): 4447-4459, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408553

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To present an ethnographic insight into the older hospitalised person (those aged over 65 years) perceptions and experiences of pain care provision by nurses in acute care. BACKGROUND: Pain care provision by nurses remains less than optimal for the older hospitalised person despite numerous evidence-based guidelines. There is a paucity of research providing input from the experiences of the older hospitalised person in relation to their perspectives of pain care provision by nurses in acute care. Pain care research needs more involvement from those older persons with documented diagnoses of dementia, delirium or cognitive impairment, and intellectual disabilities and those in their end stage of palliation. DESIGN: A focused ethnographic study. The consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ) were used to report the findings of this study. METHODS: A focused ethnographic study was conducted in 8 acute care units within 2 large tertiary referral hospitals on the east coast of Australia. Consisting of semi-structured interviews (n = 12) of cognitively intact older persons (11 hr). Twenty-three (23) semi-structured interviews with nine (9) RN participants (12 hr and 38 min). Participant observation period totalled 1,041 hr. RESULTS: The older persons' experiences of receiving pain care were based on a formulaic assessment process focusing on intensity of pain and pain management options provided often lacked their input. The older persons often did not perceive their pain care provision as being of benefit to themselves. The nurses lacked insight and understanding on the nature of pain for the older person. CONCLUSION: Understanding was gained into how the older persons' pain care was hampered due to the lack of appropriate, and meaningful pain care provision and provides insight into why the older hospitalised person continues to experience a less than optimal experience. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Older hospitalised persons can gain continuity of pain care when nurses negotiate with them to repattern or restructure their nursing routines for pain care provision. Older people need inclusion into pain care decisions. All vulnerable older persons require nurses to use an evidence-based pain assessment tool.


Assuntos
Hospitalização , Manejo da Dor/enfermagem , Dor/psicologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Austrália , Empatia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem , Pesquisa Qualitativa
18.
J Infus Nurs ; 42(5): 228-236, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464830

RESUMO

Nursing practice and institutional policies regarding short peripheral catheter (SPC) flushing vary. These variations result in a lack of understanding about the factors that influence nurses' SPC flushing practices and leave their effect on outcomes unexplored-information that could potentially enhance nurses' clinical education, institutional policy efforts, and patient care. Using a mixed-methods design, this study examined SPC flushing practices and outcomes among a cohort of medical-surgical nurses and explored their rationale for flushing. Trends were noted in the timing of flushes, and the factors that influenced nurses' SPC flushing practices included patient acuity, experience, and workload.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico/enfermagem , Educação em Enfermagem , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/normas , Competência Clínica/normas , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Enfermagem Médico-Cirúrgica , Gravidade do Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Nurs Older People ; 31(1): 22-28, 2019 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468919

RESUMO

Originating in the US, Namaste Care aims to improve quality of life for people with advanced dementia. However, recognition in the UK is sparse. This article reports on research that aims to create consistent understanding of the purpose, application and effect of Namaste Care. Using an online survey, telephone interviews and discussion group with UK practitioners we explored Namaste Care practice, its components and implementation challenges. Findings show that Namaste Care has potential to improve quality of life in advanced dementia and is held in high regard by practitioners. However, understanding is inconsistent and practical implementation highly varied.


Assuntos
Demência/enfermagem , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Reino Unido
20.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 22(255): 3101-3104, ago.2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1025993

RESUMO

Objetivos: identificar a influência do tempo, no sangue coletado, para os parâmetros gasométricos. Método: pesquisa descritiva, exploratória de abordagem quantitativa. Foram colhidas quatro amostras de sangue arterial de sessenta pacientes internados. As sessenta amostras de sangue arterial foram divididas e identificadas seguindo a sequência: pH, pCO2 e HCO3 respectivamente. Cada amostra (contida em uma seringa) foi processada na máquina para leitura quatro vezes em momentos diferentes. Resultados: foi feita uma comparação de cada um dos principais dados gasométricos, colocando os resultados de cada tempo pré-determinado, revelando as alterações ocorridas no tempo entre a coleta e a realização do exame de gases. O pH apresentou alterações tendendo para uma acidose, o pCO2 houve um ganho na sua concentração, o HCO3 houve queda na média de sua concentração Conclusão: a amostra para gasometria arterial se apresenta instável e de rápida mudança nos valores dos gases no decorrer do tempo.(AU)


Objectives: identify the influence of time, in the blood collected, for the gasometrical parameters. Method: descriptive, exploratory, quantitative approach research Four arterial blood samples were collected from sixty inpatients. Sixty arterial blood samples were divided and identified following the sequence: pH, pCO2 and HCO3 respectively. Each sample (contained in a syringe) was processed in the machine to read four times at different times. Results: a comparison of each of the main gasometrical data was made, placing the results of each predetermined time, revealing the changes occurred in the time between the collection and the gas examination. The pH presented alterations tending to an acidosis, the pCO2 had a gain in its concentration, the HCO3 had a decrease in the mean of its concentration Conclusion: the sample for arterial blood gases shows an unstable and rapidly changing gas values over time.(AU)


Objetivos: identificar la influencia del tiempo, en la sangre recogida, para los parámetros gasométricos. Método: investigaccíon, descriptiva, exploratória de enfoque cuantitativo. Se tomaron cuatro muestras de sangre arterial de sesenta pacientes internados. Las sesenta muestras de sangre arterial fueron divididas e identificadas siguiendo la secuencia: pH, pCO2 y HCO3 respectivamente. Cada muestra (contenida en una jeringa) fue procesada en la máquina para lectura cuatro veces en momentos diferentes. Resultados: se hizo una comparación de cada uno de los principales datos gasométricos, colocando los resultados de cada tiempo predeterminado, revelando los cambios ocurridos en el tiempo entre la recolección y la realización del examen de gases. El pH presentó alteraciones tendientes a una acidosis, el pCO2 hubo una ganancia en su concentración, el HCO3 hubo caída en la media de su concentración. Conclusión: la muestra para gasometría arterial se presenta inestable y de rápido cambio en los valores de los gases en el transcurso del tiempo.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Equilíbrio Ácido-Base , Gasometria , Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem
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