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1.
J Psychol ; 154(2): 159-175, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738658

RESUMO

Drawing on the information processing model for the development of aggression, children's acquisition of aggressive responses could be associated with parenting that communicated norms favoring aggression. Extending this view, the present study examined the mediating role of children's normative beliefs about relational aggression (NBRA) on the association between psychologically controlling parenting and children's relational aggression (RA), and further explored whether this possible indirect effect would be contingent on the child's gender. 341 upper elementary school students (174 boys and 166 girls) reported perceived paternal psychological control (PPC) and maternal psychological control (MPC) during their fifth-grade fall semester, rated their NBRA during their sixth-grade fall semester, and assessed RA through a peer-nomination procedure during their sixth-grade spring semester. Results demonstrated that the indirect effects of perceived PPC and MPC on children's RA via their NBRA were both significant among the entire sample. However, by means of conditional process analysis, we found that whereas perceived PPC positively predicted boys' and girls' NBRA, perceived MPC positively predicted boys' but not girls' NBRA. In addition, children's NBRA was only positively predictive of RA for girls. As such, the indirect effect was exclusively significant for perceived PPC among girls.


Assuntos
Agressão/psicologia , Pai/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Atitude , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupo Associado , Fatores Sexuais , Estudantes
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861215

RESUMO

Enabling parents to create a smoke-free home is one of the key ways that children's exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) can be reduced. Smoke-free home interventions have largely targeted mothers who smoke, and there is little understanding of the barriers and facilitators that fathers experience in creating a smoke-free home. Systematic searches combining terms for fathers, homes, and SHS exposure were run in April 2019 in Web of Science's Citation Indices, PsycINFO, and PubMed for English-language studies published since 2008. The searches identified 980 records for screening, plus 66 records from other sources. Twelve studies reported in 13 papers were included in this scoping review. Eight of the studies were conducted in Asian countries (five in China, one in India, one in Japan, and one in Iran), three were conducted in Canada, and one in Turkey. Findings were extracted in verbatim text for thematic analysis. The review identified that attitudes and knowledge, cultural and social norms, gender power relations, and shifting perceptions and responsibilities related to fatherhood can impact on fathers' views of their role in relation to creating and maintaining a smoke-free home. There were too few published studies that had assessed smoke-free home interventions with fathers to draw conclusions regarding effective approaches. Research is clearly needed to inform our understanding of fathers' roles, successes and challenges in creating and maintaining a smoke-free home, so that father-inclusive rather than mother-led interventions can be developed to benefit entire households and improve gender equity as well as health.


Assuntos
Pai/psicologia , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/análise , Adulto , Criança , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mães
3.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1470, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699058

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The quality of the family environment-in particular, the kind of parenting children receive in their early years-plays a critical role in influencing children's growth and development. To facilitate the development and delivery of appropriate parenting and family interventions for Chinese parents, this study explores the prevalence of the difficulties that may arise in the course of child-rearing, the associated sociodemographic factors and parents' help-seeking behavior. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-reporting survey was conducted with a sample of 2229 parents of children between 6 and 35 months of age. Using a stratified random-digit design, parents from 15 Chinese cities were surveyed to determine their child-rearing difficulties, support-seeking behavior and their preferences for service delivery. The sociodemographic factors that influenced major child-rearing difficulties were analyzed using bivariate and logistic analyses. RESULTS: The majority (87.5%) of Chinese parents of children aged 6-35 months reported experiencing child-rearing difficulties. Nearly one third (31.5%) of parents reported experiencing major difficulties. Feeding and sleep problems were most often reported. Regression analysis revealed that major child-rearing difficulties most often involved male children (OR = 1.35, 95% CI 1.11-1.64), single-child households (OR = 1.38, 95% CI 1.07-1.77), and households with financial problems (OR = 1.40, 95% CI 1.06-1.85). Just over one third of parents (33.44%) sought professional support, while 21.37% had attended a parenting course in the past year. Prefer ways of sourcing parental support included professional online platform (69.24%), self-help books (43.70%), face-to-face consultation (24.99%), and attending lectures (36.57%). CONCLUSIONS: Child-rearing difficulties are common among parents of children between 6 and 35 months of age in Chinese cities. The family with boys, single-child, financial problems, and father not joining in child-rearing may face the high risk to major child-rearing difficulties. The national initiative to provide more guidance and support for child-rearing difficulties is worthwhile, as is the development of online parenting programs.


Assuntos
Educação Infantil/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Características da Família , Pai/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614765

RESUMO

We aimed to explore the engagement of fathers in a community-based group intervention (Juntos) for children with congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) and their caregivers in Brazil. Six Juntos groups were facilitated from August 2017 to May 2018. We conducted a qualitative study to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention for fathers of children with CZS. Methods included participant observation, focus group discussions, and semi-structured interviews of fathers with a child enrolled in the program. Data collected were transcribed, coded and thematically analyzed to explore father preference for, and beliefs about the intervention and to assess potential barriers and enablers to their involvement. Forty-nine families (61 participants) enrolled, of whom 20% (12/61) were fathers. Seven (58%) fathers attended more than 7 out of 10 sessions. The content of Juntos was found to be acceptable to those fathers who attended. Participation in the group offered fathers the opportunity to share experiences of caring for their child and demonstrate their importance as care agents. Work commitments, and the view of mothers as primary caregivers were barriers to engagement of fathers. Facilitators to engagement included a presentation of clear objectives for fathers' involvement and the opportunity to learn a practical skill related to caring for their child. A better understanding of the perspectives of fathers is crucial to help increase their involvement in parenting interventions.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Cuidadores/psicologia , Pai/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Infecção por Zika virus/psicologia , Adulto , Brasil , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa
5.
Matern Child Health J ; 23(12): 1621-1626, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620951

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the relation of men's lifelong class status (as measured by neighborhood income) to the rates of early (< 34 weeks) and late (34-36 weeks) preterm birth (PTB). METHODS: Stratified and multilevel, multivariable binomial regression analyses were computed on the Illinois transgenerational birth-file of infants (born 1989-1991) and their parents (born 1956-1976) with appended U.S. census income information. The median family income of men's census tract residence at two-time periods were utilized to assess lifelong class status (defined by residence in either the lower or upper half of neighborhood income distribution). RESULTS: In Cook County Illinois, the preterm rate for births (n = 8115) to men with a lifelong lower class status was twice that of births (n = 10,330) to men with a lifelong upper class status: 13% versus 6.0%, RR = 2.2 (2.0, 2.4). This differential was greatest in early PTB rates: 3.9% versus 1.4%, RR = 3.0 (2.5, 3.7). The relation of men's lifelong class status to both PTB components persisted among non-teens, married, college-educated, and non-Latina White women, respectively. The adjusted (controlling for maternal demographic characteristics) RR of early and late PTB for men with a lifelong lower (versus upper) class status were 1.4 (1.1, 1.9) and 1.2 (1.0, 1.4), respectively. The population attributable risk of early PTB for men's lifelong lower class status equaled 16%. CONCLUSIONS: Men's lifelong lower (versus upper) class status is a novel risk factor for early preterm birth regardless of maternal demographic characteristics. This intriguing finding has public health relevance.


Assuntos
Pai/psicologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Características de Residência , Classe Social , Adulto , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Illinois/epidemiologia , Renda , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Idade Materna , Gravidez , População Urbana
6.
BMC Psychol ; 7(1): 63, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence for the value of technology-based programs to support fathers to make positive transitions across the perinatal period. However, past research has focused on program outcomes with little attention to the mechanisms of impact. Knowledge of why a program works increases potential for replication across contexts. METHODS: Participants were 40 Australian fathers enrolled in the SMS4dads text-based perinatal support program (Mean age 35.11 (5.87). From a starting point between 16 weeks gestation and 12 weeks postpartum, they were sent a maximum of 184 text messages. An inductive approach was used to analyse post-program semi-structured interviews. The aim was to identify mechanisms of impact aligned to previously identified program outcomes, which were that SMS4dads: 1) is helpful/useful; 2) lessens a sense of isolation; 3) promotes the father-infant relationship; and 4) supports the father-partner relationship. RESULTS: We identified two types of mechanisms: four were structural within the program messages and five were psychological within the participant. The structural mechanisms included: syncing information to needs; normalisation; prompts to interact; and, the provision of a safety net. The psychological mechanisms were: increase in knowledge; feelings of confidence; ability to cope; role orientation; and, the feeling of being connected. These mechanisms interacted with each other to produce the pre-identified program outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: If the current findings are generalisable then, future mobile health program design and evaluation would benefit from explicit consideration to how both program components and individual cognitive and behavioural processes combine to elicit targeted outcomes.


Assuntos
Pai/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Mensagem de Texto , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Austrália , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez
7.
Monaldi Arch Chest Dis ; 89(3)2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505919

RESUMO

Emotional disorders, namely anxiety and depression, frequently affect adolescents with asthma. In addition, their parents also may present emotional problems. The objective of this study was to investigate anxiety and depression in asthmatic adolescents and in their parents in a real-life setting. A series of adolescents with allergic asthma were consecutively enrolled. Asthma was diagnosed according to the GINA document and consistently the symptom control grade was assessed. We used the HADS questionnaire for the adolescents, and HADS, STAY, and BDI questionnaires for their parents. Globally, 121 adolescents (71 males, 50 females, mean age 13.4±0.8 years, age ranging between 12 and 15 years) with allergic asthma and their parents were evaluated. Only 29% of adolescents had controlled asthma. Adolescents with controlled asthma had lower HADS-A and HADS-D scores than other patients, whereas there was no difference among parents. Severe maternal anxiety was more frequent in poorly controlled subjects than in partially controlled ones; absence of maternal anxiety was more common in controlled subjects. The preliminary results of the current study suggest that anxiety and depression are common in adolescents suffering from asthma as well as in their parents, mainly in mothers. Emotional disorders might affect also the asthma control. Thus, in clinical practice, the psychological assessment could be included in the asthma work-up.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Asma/psicologia , Depressão/etiologia , Pai/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Adolescente , Asma/imunologia , Asma/prevenção & controle , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Dev Psychopathol ; 31(4): 1213-1226, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478823

RESUMO

Drawing on five waves of longitudinal data from 392 families (52% female; mean age of wave 1 [Mage_W1] = 12.89, standard deviation [SD] = .48; Mage_W5 = 21.95, SD = .77; 199 European American and 193 Mexican American families; 217 intact and 175 stepfather families), this study documented transactional relations of mothers' and fathers' depressive symptoms with youth's symptomatology from early adolescence to young adulthood. Trait and time-varying cross-lagged models revealed that both mothers' and fathers' between- and within-person differences in depressive symptoms were associated with youth's internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Whereas each parent's depressive symptoms uniquely contributed to youth's internalizing symptoms, however, only mothers' depressive symptoms influenced youth's externalizing symptoms. Although reciprocal effects of youth's internalizing symptoms on parents' depressive symptoms were not significant, youth's externalizing symptoms predicted changes in mothers' depressive symptoms over time. Moderation analyses revealed distinct transactional patterns by family ethnicity and child gender, but not by family structure. This study revealed dynamic transactions among family members' symptomatology that point to opportune times and targets for intervention efforts aimed at mitigating the negative impact of parents' depressive symptoms on youth's adjustment.


Assuntos
Filho de Pais Incapacitados/psicologia , Depressão , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/psicologia , Pai/psicologia , Americanos Mexicanos/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Mecanismos de Defesa , Características da Família , Relações Familiares , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
9.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 613-614, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488800

RESUMO

Paternal Post Natal Depression (PPND), although becoming more prevalent, is still poorly recognised. Unfortunately, its effects and negative outcomes have not been as widely researched as that of maternal postnatal depression. PPND can affect the fathers parenting style and lead to a negative effect on their child's behaviour and social development. Furthermore, depressed fathers may feel unsupported and this can lead to problems with the marital relationship and be associated with concurrent maternal postnatal depression. Moreover, support services and interventional therapy come at a cost to the health service and therefore treating PPND can impact the economy. Identifying the effects PPND has is important as implementing reliable screening measures and better education may prevent negative outcomes.


Assuntos
Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Pai/psicologia , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Poder Familiar/psicologia
10.
Cardiol Young ; 29(9): 1143-1148, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding perceptions of family caregivers' roles and responsibilities regarding their child with complex cardiac needs has potential to help care teams better support parents. Paternal experience has been under-explored in pediatric cardiac cohorts. METHODS: Ten fathers of children undergoing cardiac surgery completed quantitative surveys on their knowledge needs and preferred format of communication. In face-to-face recorded interviews, they responded to open-ended questions about the definition of being a good father to a child with a complex cardiac condition, perceived paternal responsibilities, personal growth as a parent to a child with a complex heart condition, support needs, and recommendations to medical staff for paternal inclusion. Semantic content analysis was utilised. The study reports strictly followed COnsolidated criteria for REporting Qualitative research guidelines. RESULTS: The fathers reported high preference for knowledge about the child's heart condition, communication about the treatment plan, and desire for inclusion in the care of their child. Paternal role was defined thematically as: providing a supportive presence, being there, offering bonded insight, serving as strong provider, and acting as an informed advocate. The fathers revealed that their responsibilities sometimes conflicted as they strove to serve as an emotional and economic stabiliser for their family, while also wanting to be foundationally present for their child perioperatively. CONCLUSION: This study provides insight into paternal experience and strategies for paternal inclusion. This summary of the self-defined experience of the fathers of pediatric cardiac patients offers constructive and specific advice for medical teams.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/psicologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Pai/psicologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Comportamento Paterno/psicologia , Apoio Social , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/psicologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
11.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(11): e27966, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over half of male childhood cancer survivors experience infertility after treatment, which is known to cause distress and impact future quality of life. Sperm banking rates remain low, and little is known about how adolescent and young adult (AYA) males and their families make fertility preservation (FP) decisions. This study examined AYA and parent perceptions of participating in a research study focused on testing a new FP decision tool at the time of cancer diagnosis. METHODS: Forty-four participants (19 mothers, 11 fathers, 14 male AYAs 12-25 years old) from 20 families completed brief assessments at diagnosis and approximately one month later, including a qualitative interview exploring the impact of study participation. Verbatim transcripts were coded through thematic content analysis using the constant comparison method. RESULTS: Two major themes emerged: (1) a positive effect of participating in the study and (2) a neutral effect (no positive/negative effect of participation). Subthemes that emerged for participants who noted a positive effect included (a) participation prompted deeper thinking, (b) participation influenced family conversations, and (c) participation resulted in altruism/helping others. No participant reported a negative effect. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that participation in family-centered research focused on FP among AYA males, before treatment begins, is perceived as beneficial or neutral at the time of a new cancer diagnosis. These findings provide support for future family-centered FP interventions for this population.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Tomada de Decisões , Família , Preservação da Fertilidade/psicologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Preservação do Sêmen/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pai/psicologia , Feminino , Preservação da Fertilidade/métodos , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , Infertilidade Masculina/prevenção & controle , Infertilidade Masculina/psicologia , Masculino , Mães/psicologia , Neoplasias/complicações , Projetos Piloto , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
12.
Nurs Res ; 68(5): E1-E9, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31465306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although perinatal deaths are still a common pregnancy outcome in developing countries, little is known about the effect perinatal death has on fathers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to understand and describe the meaning of perinatal death in a sample of fathers from northeastern Colombia. METHODS: Using purposive and snowball sampling approaches, we identified 15 participants from northeastern Colombia who agreed to participate. We used a descriptive phenomenological design. Data were collected through in-depth, semistructured interviews. RESULTS: Men suffer in solitude and hide their emotions as they feel the need to be the main supporters of their partners. Three major themes emerged: experience of loss, coming to terms with an irreparable loss, and overcoming the loss. DISCUSSION: While women are receiving care, health staff may neglect or forget men. Men suffer alone while seeking ways of attunement with their partners' emotions to support them during the grieving process. Fathers can overcome and adjust to the loss when they transcend it and find new meaning. Men felt neglected and marginalized at hospitals while their partners were receiving treatment. Health professionals should recognize and acknowledge the pain of fathers who face perinatal death and include them as much as possible in the standard of care. The results identify opportunities for healthcare providers in clinical and outpatient settings to acknowledge the importance of men within the context of pregnancy and to learn about their pain and suffering when they face a perinatal death.


Assuntos
Pai/psicologia , Morte Perinatal , Adolescente , Adulto , Colômbia , Emoções , Pai/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesar , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
13.
PLoS One ; 14(7): e0219544, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291369

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between parents' past experience as Physical Education (PE) students and the importance they give to PE within the school curriculum. Parents of 1834 teenagers from Spain and Portugal participated in the study (1834 fathers and 1834 mothers). An 11 item questionnaire was used for data collection. The measures studied were: socio-demographic characteristics, parent´s past experience as PE students, and importance that parents gave to PE in the school curriculum. The results suggest that parents' past experiences as PE student condition their evaluation of the importance that PE should have in the school curriculum. As the past experience as PE student deteriorated and as age increased, there was an increase in the probability that parents evaluate PE as deserving a less important status in their children's curriculum. These findings can contribute to understanding how the parents' past experiences as PE students seem to partially model the value judgements that they make later in life regarding the importance of the subject.


Assuntos
Currículo , Pai/estatística & dados numéricos , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Relações Pais-Filho , Educação Física e Treinamento , Adulto , Idoso , Pai/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mães/psicologia , Portugal , Instituições Acadêmicas , Espanha , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 19(1): 231, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While there has been a trend for greater number of women to deliver at health facilities across Tanzania, mothers and their family members continue to face mistreatment with respectful maternity care during childbirth being violated. The objective of this study was to describe the experience of mothers and fathers in relation to (mis) treatment during childbirth in Tanzania. METHODS: Using a qualitative descriptive design, 12 semi-structured interviews and four focus group discussions were held with mothers and fathers who were attending a postnatal clinic in the Lake Zone region of Tanzania. Mothers' age ranged from 20 to 45 years whereas fathers' age ranged from 25 to 60 years. Data were analyzed using a priori coding based on Bohren's et al. typology of the mistreatment of women during childbirth. RESULTS: Mothers reported facing mistreatment and disrespectful maternity care through verbal abuse (harsh or rude language and judgmental or accusatory comments), failure to meet professional standards of care (refused pain relief, unconsented surgical operations, neglect, abandonment or long delays, and skilled attendant absent at time of delivery), poor rapport between women and providers (poor communication, lack of supportive care, denied husbands presence at birth, denied mobility, denied safe traditional practices, no respect for their preferred birth positions), and health system conditions and constraints (poor physical condition of facilities, supply constraints, bribery and extortion, unclear fee structures). Despite some poor care, some mothers also reported positive birthing experiences and respectful maternity care by having a skilled attendant assistance at delivery, having good communication from nurses, receiving supportive care from nurses and privacy during delivery. CONCLUSION: Despite the increasing number of deliveries occurring in the hospital, there continue to be challenges in providing respectful maternity care. Humanizing birth care in Tanzania continues to have a long way to go, however, there is evidence that changes are occurring as mothers notice and report positive changes in delivery care practices.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Materna , Parto/psicologia , Direitos do Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Má Conduta Profissional , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Pai/psicologia , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Serviços de Saúde Materna/ética , Serviços de Saúde Materna/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mães/psicologia , Direitos do Paciente/ética , Direitos do Paciente/normas , Gravidez , Má Conduta Profissional/ética , Relações Profissional-Paciente/ética , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Tanzânia
15.
J Fam Psychol ; 33(7): 851-856, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318265

RESUMO

To date, results have been inconsistent in whether mothers show higher parental sensitivity to their infant than fathers do. The context in which sensitivity is measured may play a role in these inconsistent findings, but this has not been examined yet. The aim of the current study was to test context as a source of variability in parental sensitivity, comparing maternal and paternal sensitivity to infants in four different observational settings. Participants included 109 families with their 4-month-old infants. Parental sensitivity was observed during a routine caregiving session, free play episode, and the baseline and reunion of the Still Face Procedure. Results demonstrated that parental sensitivity showed weak to strong stability (correlations) across the four contexts. Furthermore, overall levels of parental sensitivity were higher in more naturalistic contexts (routine caregiving > free play > Still Face). Lastly, mothers and fathers were overall equally sensitive across contexts. Our findings highlight the importance of taking context into account when observing parental sensitivity in research as well as practice. Furthermore, future research should examine the emergence of possible differences in maternal and paternal sensitivity over time. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Relações Pai-Filho , Pai/psicologia , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Infant Ment Health J ; 40(5): 710-724, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323703

RESUMO

The current article addresses the interests and contributions of fathers to child development and well-being within a reproductive and social justice framework. We present an overview of research on the role of fathers in the lives of children from the prenatal period through early childhood, with an emphasis on fathers as partners and caregivers in promoting the reproductive health and safety of women and the healthy development of young children. We explore especially the challenges of young, at-risk fathers as well as system and practice opportunities that support their contributions as partners and parents. Our goal of the article is to extend the discourse on reproductive and social justice to include the shared responsibility of all parents and facilitate circumstances whereby children experience the support needed to become nurturing caregivers for the next generation.


Assuntos
Relações Familiares , Pai/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Apoio Social , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Comportamento Paterno , Gravidez , Saúde Reprodutiva , Justiça Social , Saúde da Mulher
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323798

RESUMO

Parental psychopathological risk is considered as one of the most crucial features associated with epigenetic modifications in offspring, which in turn are thought to be related to their emotional/behavioral profiles. The dopamine active transporter (DAT) gene is suggested to play a significant role in affective/behavioral regulation. On the basis of the previous literature, we aimed at verifying whether children's DAT1 polymorphisms moderated the relationship between parents' psychological profiles, children's emotional/behavioral functioning, and DAT1 methylation in a normative sample of 79 families with school-age children (Ntot = 237). Children's biological samples were collected through buccal swabs, while Symptom Check-List-90 item Revised, Adult Self Report, and Child Behavior Check-List/6-18 was administered to assess parental and children's psychological functioning. We found that higher maternal externalizing problems predicted the following: higher levels of children's DAT1 methylation at M1, but only among children with 10/10 genotype; higher levels of methylation at M2 among children with 10/10 genotype; while lower levels for children with a 9-repeat allele. There was also a positive relationship between fathers' externalizing problems and children's externalizing problems, only for children with a 9-repeat allele. Our findings support emerging evidence of the complex interplay between genetic and environmental factors in shaping children' emotional/behavioral functioning, contributing to the knowledge of risk variables for a child's development and psychological well-being.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil , Proteínas da Membrana Plasmática de Transporte de Dopamina/genética , Emoções , Pai/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Adulto , Criança , Metilação de DNA , Depressão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metilação , Pais , Estresse Psicológico
18.
J Pregnancy ; 2019: 7637124, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31275654

RESUMO

Background: Men's involvement in maternity care is recognized as a key strategy in improving maternal health and accelerating reduction of maternal mortality. This study investigated the factors determining men's involvement in maternity care in Dodoma Region, Central Tanzania. Methods: This cross-sectional survey used multistage sampling in four districts of Dodoma Region to select 966 married men participants aged 18 years and above. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out in SPSS version 21.0 to measure the determinants of men's involvement in maternity care. Results: The study found that only 1 in 5 men were involved in maternity care of their partners. Factors found to determine men's involvement in maternity care were having >4 children (AOR=1.658, 95%CI=1.134 to 2.422), urban area of residence (AOR=0.510, 95%CI=0.354 to 0.735), waiting time >1 hour at the health care facility (AOR=0.685, 95%CI=0.479 to 0.978), limited access to information (AOR=0.491, 95%CI=0.322 to 0.747), and limited spousal communication (AOR=0.3, 95%CI=0.155 to 0.327). Conclusions: Long waiting time to receive the service and limited access to information regarding men's involvement are associated with low men's involvement in maternity care. Male friendly maternity care should recognize men's preferences on timely access to services and provide them with relevant information on their roles in maternity care. Spousal communication is important; mothers must be empowered with relevant information to communicate to their male partners regarding fertility preferences and maternity care in general.


Assuntos
Pai/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Relações Profissional-Família , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Tanzânia , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Clin Nurs ; 28(21-22): 3977-3990, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240757

RESUMO

AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To describe factors associated with father involvement in the neonatal intensive care unit using the Heuristic model of the dynamic of parental behaviour and influence on children over time. BACKGROUND: Research shows that infants with involved fathers have better cognitive development, fewer crying episodes after caesarean birth, improved breastfeeding exclusivity and duration, and more regular sleep patterns. Preterm infants with involved fathers have improved cognitive development. DESIGN: This cross-sectional exploratory study used survey methodology to explore factors associated with father involvement in the neonatal intensive care unit. METHODS: The STROBE checklist for cross-sectional studies was used (see Appendix S2). Biological fathers of infants in a 97-bed neonatal intensive care unit in the southern USA completed a survey which asked about their involvement with their hospitalised infants and factors which affected that involvement. Eighty fathers completed the survey. RESULTS: Age ranged between 20-53 with 43% first-time fathers. Compared to less involved fathers, fathers who were more involved were younger, married or living with the mother, performed kangaroo care or fathers of multiple gestation. Fathers who had attended the delivery were more likely to bathe their infants than those who had not attended the delivery and fathers who performed kangaroo care felt more confident than those who did not. Compared to fathers who visited less often, fathers who visited more often were younger, had infants with a shorter hospitalisation time and lower acuity, and had fewer children in the family. CONCLUSIONS: Fathers are involved with their neonatal intensive care unit infants in many ways. Factors were identified that affect involvement in the neonatal intensive care unit. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Results can help nurses in neonatal intensive care units worldwide facilitate father-infant interaction, identify fathers at risk for decreased involvement and advocate for institutional policy development for supporting neonatal intensive care unit father involvement.


Assuntos
Relações Pai-Filho , Pai/psicologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31234439

RESUMO

The aim of this study is two-fold: (a) to determine the general degree of family affect/communication and strictness by examining the combination of the two classical dimensions of mother parenting style: affect/communication and strictness, and (b) to analyze the impact of both parents' affect and strictness on the family style, thereby exploring the specific contribution made by each parent's style and dimension. Participants were 1190 Spanish students, 47.1% boys and 52.3% girls (M = 14.68; SD = 1.76). The Affect Scale (EA-H) and the Rules and Demandingness Scale (ENE-H) (both by Fuentes, Motrico, and Bersabé, 1999) were used. Structural equation models (SEMs) were extracted using the EQS program. The results reveal that it is not the father's and the mother's parenting style combined, but rather the combination of maternal and paternal affect/communication, and maternal and paternal strictness which generates one perception of family affect and another of family strictness. The results also indicated that the weight of both dimensions varies in accordance with the parent's gender, with maternal dimensions playing a more important role in family socialization style.


Assuntos
Afeto , Comunicação , Pai/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Socialização , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
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