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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(13): e24927, 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787580

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Usual-type endocervical adenocarcinoma (ECA), high-risk HPV associated, is the most common type of glandular carcinoma in the endocervix. Mucin-depleted usual-type ECA is 1 end of morphological lineage of usual-type ECA and morphologically may show endometrioid features, which could cause diagnostic challenge with uterine endometrioid adenocarcinoma (EEC) and primary endometrioid ECA, especially in the setting of small biopsy and endocervical curettage (ECC). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 37-year-old women presented with dyspareunia for 1 year, showing atypical glandular cell on a liquid-based Pap TCT examination and positive for HPV16 detection. ECC showed EEC in another hospital based on its "endometrioid" morphology and immunohistochemical profiles (ER/PR/PAX8 strongly positive, though p16 also strongly positive). DIAGNOSES: The specimen of hysterectomy in our hospital displayed a lesion confined to the uterine cervix showing the same morphology and immunohistochemical profiles as ECC. Finally, we successfully performed HPV RNAscope and detected high-risk human papilloma virus (HPV) E6/E7 mRNA particles in tumor cells in situ, which warranted usual-type ECA with mucin-depleted feature, a rare deviation of usual-type of ECA. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent total hysterectomy with lymph node dissection. OUTCOMES: To date, 14 months after surgery, the patient is well without recurrence or distant metastasis, and undergoes regular reexamination. LESSONS SUBSECTIONS: We report a rare case of mucin-depleted usual-type ECA showing overlapping morphological and immunohistochemical profiles with EEC. The pathological diagnosis was confirmed by high-risk HPV RNAscope detection which is superior than immunohistochemistry to identify usual-type ECA, warranting an important role in assisting the diagnosis of morphological vague cases.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Endometrioide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico , Testes de DNA para Papilomavírus Humano , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/virologia , Adulto , Carcinoma Endometrioide/virologia , Colo do Útero/virologia , Curetagem , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Neoplasias do Endométrio/virologia , Feminino , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 16/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Teste de Papanicolaou , RNA Viral/análise , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
2.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 321-326, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626623

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of hnRNP E1 on the expression of early genes E2, E6 of HPV16 and the biological function in cervical cancer SiHa cell lines. Methods: The cell experiments in vitro were carried out in cervical cancer cell lines SiHa. The expression levels of E2, E6 mRNA and protein of HPV16 were detected by Real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively, before and after up-regulating hnRNP E1. Meanwhile, the cell proliferation, cycle and apoptosis were evaluated by CCK-8 and flow cytometry. Data analyses were performed using SPSS 22.0 and Graphpad Prism 7.0 software. Results: Compared with the blank and the blank plasmid group, the cells activity and proliferation decreased at 24, 48 and 72 h after up-regulating hnRNP E1 (P<0.05), while the percentage of cells in G0/G1 phase increased and the percentage in S and G2/M phase and proliferation index decreased (P<0.05). Moreover, the late apoptotic rate and the total apoptotic rate increased (P<0.05). The expression levels of E6 mRNA and protein of HPV16 in hnRNP E1 up-regulated group were significantly lower than that in both blank group and blank plasmid group, the differences were significant (P<0.05), showing the tendency of cells proliferation index decrease and total apoptotic rate increase with decreased HPV16 E6 expression. There were no significant differences in the expression of E2 mRNA of HPV16 among the three groups (P=0.427), and no E2 protein of HPV16 was detected. Conclusions: hnRNP E1 could inhibit the transcription and translation of E6 oncogene of HPV16 and further inhibit the proliferation and promote apoptosis of cervical cancer cells, suggesting that hnRNP E1 might be a potential target marker to prevent cervical lesions. But no association between hnRNP E1 and HPV16 E2 was found in SiHa cells.


Assuntos
Expressão Gênica , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas/metabolismo , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Humanos , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética
3.
Arch Virol ; 166(3): 853-862, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486629

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to describe the distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes among cervical cancers and pre-cancers in Shaanxi province of western China. A total of 17,341 women who were screened for cervical cancer from January 2014 to December 2016, using HPV genotyping and ThinPrep cytologic test were included. The prevalence and attribution of HPV genotypes were stratified by cervical lesion and age group. Of the subjects, 26.3% were infected with HPV, 28.0% of whom had multiple infections. The crude HPV prevalence increased from atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance/low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (ASCUS/LSIL, 64.3%) to high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL, 79.8%) and to invasive cervical cancer (ICC, 89.7%, P < 0.001). The three most prevalent genotypes were HPV 16 (8.0%), 58 (4.2%), and 52 (4.0%), and HPV 16, 31 and 33 were positively correlated with increased severity of cervical lesions. Additionally, the divalent vaccine genotypes HPV 16 and 18 accounted for 68.2% of ICC cases. Although 78.5% of ICC and 60.3% of HSIL cases were attributed to 9-valent vaccine genotypes, the other genotypes not covered by any vaccine still resulted in increases in coverage, with 1.5% for ICC, 5.3% for HSIL, and 13.5% for ASCUS/LSIL. HPV prevalence in western China was consistent with other regions of China. Early vaccination with 9-valent HPV vaccine is recommended in this locality for females younger than 26 years with no prior infection, while divalent the vaccine is more appropriate for women between 26 and 45 years, considering the efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of vaccines.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Papillomavirus Humano 16/isolamento & purificação , Papillomavirus Humano 18/isolamento & purificação , Papillomavirus Humano 31/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 31/genética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/uso terapêutico , Prevalência , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Vacinação
4.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0242465, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332365

RESUMO

Peroxiredoxin 2 (PRDX2) is upregulated in various cancers including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). It is a known tumor promoter in some cancers, but its role in OSCC is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effect of arecoline, an alkaloid of the betel nut, and human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) E6/E7 oncoproteins on induction of PRDX2 expression, and also the effects of PRDX2 overexpression in oral cell lines. Levels of PRDX2 protein were determined using western blot analysis of samples of exfoliated normal oral cells (n = 75) and oral lesion cells from OSCC cases (n = 75). Some OSCC cases were positive for HPV infection and some patients had a history of betel quid chewing. To explore the level of PRDX2 by western blot, the proteins were extracted from oral cell lines that were treated with arecoline or retroviruses containing HPV16 E6 gene and HPV16 E6/E7 expressing vector. For analysis of PRDX2 functions, cell proliferation, cell-cycle progression, apoptosis and migration was compared between oral cells overexpressing PRDX2 and cells with PRDX2-knockdown. PRDX2 expression levels tended to be higher in OSCC samples that were positive for HPV infection and had history of betel quid chewing. Arecoline treatment in vitro at low concentrations and overexpression of HPV16 E6 or E6/E7 in oral cells induced PRDX2 overexpression. Interestingly, in oral cells, PRDX2 promoted cell proliferation, cell-cycle progression (G2/M phase), cell migration and inhibited apoptosis. Upregulation of PRDX2 in oral cells was induced by arecoline and HPV16 oncoproteins and promoted growth of OSCC cells.


Assuntos
Arecolina/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/genética , Proteínas E7 de Papillomavirus/genética , Peroxirredoxinas/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Idoso , Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/enzimologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Papillomavirus Humano 16/química , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 16/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/enzimologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/metabolismo , Proteínas E7 de Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Peroxirredoxinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Peroxirredoxinas/metabolismo , Plasmídeos/química , Plasmídeos/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Transfecção
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(24)2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333786

RESUMO

Although the effect of hypoxia on p53 in human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive cancer cells has been studied for decades, the impact of p53 regulation on downstream targets and cellular adaptation processes during different periods under hypoxia remains elusive. Here, we show that, despite continuous repression of HPV16 E6/E7 oncogenes, p53 did not instantly recover but instead showed a biphasic regulation marked by further depletion within 24 h followed by an increase at 72 h. Of note, during E6/E7 oncogene suppression, lysosomal degradation antagonizes p53 reconstitution. Consequently, the transcription of p53 responsive genes associated with senescence (e.g., PML and YPEL3) cannot be upregulated. In contrast, downstream genes involved in autophagy (e.g., DRAM1 and BNIP3) were activated, allowing the evasion of senescence under hypoxic conditions. Hence, dynamic regulation of p53 along with its downstream network of responsive genes favors cellular adaptation and enhances cell survival, although the expression of the viral E6/E7-oncogenes as drivers for proliferation remained inhibited under hypoxia.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 16/metabolismo , Infecções por Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/genética , Hipóxia Celular/genética , Senescência Celular/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Humanos , Lisossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/genética , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/metabolismo , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Proteína da Leucemia Promielocítica/genética , Proteína da Leucemia Promielocítica/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
6.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(10): 708-715, 2020 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120484

RESUMO

Objective: Evaluation of the clinical value of the BioPerfectus multiplex real time (BMRT)-HPV for cervical cancer screening. Methods: Physician-collected specimens of 1 495 women who were positive of Cobas 4800 HPV (Cobas-HPV), HPV genotyping based on SEQ uencing (SEQ-HPV), and (or) cytology ≥low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) in the primary screening of Chinese Multiple-center Screening Trial (CHIMUST), and 2 990 women selected from those who were negative of primary screening in the same project through nested control randomization with age-matching were tested for BMRT-HPV, which reported type-specific viral loads/10 000 cells in each specimen. With comparing to Cobas-HPV results and taking cervical histopathological diagnosis as the endpoint, the concordance of high-risk (HR)-HPV subtypes among the three assays was explored ,and the sensitivity and specificity of BMRT-HPV for cervical cancer screening were evaluated. Results: (1) The overall agreenment of HR-HPV subtypes between BMRT-HPV and Cobas-HPV, or SEQ-HPV test sample was 94.8%, 94.4%, with Kappa values 0.827, 0.814. (2) The sensitivity and specificity for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) Ⅱ+ of BMRT-HPV, Cobas-HPV and SEQ-HPV were 92.62%, 94.26%, 93.44% and 84.67%, 83.25%, 82.76%, respectively. There were no significant difference in sensitivity among the three HPV assays (all P>0.05), but the specificity of BMRT-HPV for CIN Ⅱ+ was higher than those of Cobas-HPV and SEQ-HPV (P<0.01). The sensitivity for CIN Ⅲ+ of three HPV assays were all 100.00%, and the specificity for CIN Ⅲ+ of BMRT-HPV was higher than those of Cobas-HPV and SEQ-HPV (83.40% vs 81.95%, 83.40% vs 81.50%; P<0.01). The number of pathological examinations of colposcopy for cervical biopsy detected in 1 case of CIN Ⅱ+ or CIN Ⅲ+ in BMRT-HPV was less than those in Cobas-HPV and SEQ-HPV (P<0.01). When using HPV 16/18 + cytology ≥atypical squamous cell of undetermined signification (ASCUS) to triage HPV positive women among three assays, there was no different in the sensitivities of detecting CIN Ⅱ+ and CIN Ⅲ+ (P>0.05). The specificity BMRT-HPV was slightly higher than those in Cobas-HPV or SEQ-HPV (all P<0.05), and the colposcopy referral rate was lower than those in Cobas-HPV and SEQ-HPV (all P<0.05). Conclusions: BMRT-HPV is as sensitive as Cobas-HPV or SEQ-HPV for primary cervical cancer screening, and has higher specificity. Therefore it could be used as a primary screening method for cervical cancer, which is worthy of clinical application.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , DNA Viral/análise , DNA Viral/genética , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Esfregaço Vaginal/métodos
7.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 642, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggested that vaginal microbiome played a functional role in the progression of cervical lesions in female infected by HPV. This study aimed at evaluating the influence of common vaginal infection on the carcinogenicity of high risk HPV (hr-HPV). METHODS: From January 15, 2017 to December 31, 2017, 310,545 female aged at least 30 years old had been recruited for cervical cancer screening from 9 clinical research centers in Central China. All the recruited participants received hr-HPV genotyping for cervical cancer screening and vaginal microenvironment test by a high vaginal swab. Colposcopy-directed biopsy was recommended for female who were infected with HPV 16 and HPV 18, and other positive hr-HPV types through test had undertaken triage using liquid-based cytology, cases with the results ≥ ASCUS among them were referred to colposcopy directly, and cervical tissues were taken for pathology examination to make clear the presence or absence of other cervical lesions. RESULTS: Among 310,545 female, 6067 (1.95%) were tested with positive HPV 16 and HPV 18, 18,297 (5.89%) were tested with other positive hr-HPV genotypes, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 1, CIN 2, CIN 3 and invasive cervical cancer (ICC) were detected in 861 cases, 377 cases, 423 cases, and 77 cases, respectively. Candida albicans and Gardnerella were not associated with the detection of cervical lesions. Positive trichomonas vaginitis (TV) was correlated with hr-HPV infection (p < 0.0001). Co-infection with TV increased the risk of CIN 1 among female infected with hr-HPV (OR 1.18, 95% CI: 1.42-2.31). Co-infection with TV increased the risk of CIN 2-3 among female infected with HPV 16 (OR 1.71, 95% CI: 1.16-2.53). CONCLUSIONS: Co-infection of TV and HPV 16 is a significant factor for the detection of cervical lesions.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/complicações , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Vaginite por Trichomonas/complicações , Trichomonas vaginalis/isolamento & purificação , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , China/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/diagnóstico , Colposcopia , Estudos Transversais , Citodiagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Fatores de Risco , Vaginite por Trichomonas/diagnóstico , Vaginite por Trichomonas/parasitologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
8.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238500, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976537

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As per WHO, Cervical cancer (CaCx) is a global issue, being the fourth common cancer in women with incidence rate of 13.1 per 1 lakh women globally and accounting for 311000 deaths in the year 2018 itself globally. The molecular pathogenesis in Human papillomavirus (HPV) infected cases is inconclusive. The detection of molecular factors leading to progression of CaCx can be important in the diagnosis and management of the disease. p53 a known tumor suppressor gene having a regulative role in cell cycle has been highlighted as key factor in the prevention of cancer but its significance in CaCx cases has been variably documented. The present study therefore targeted to evaluate the significance of p53 profile in CaCx cases in ethnically distinct northeast Indian population. METHODS: Blood and Tissue samples (N = 85) of cervical cancer patients were collected and screening for HPV was performed using PCR. Thereafter the differential mRNA expression(qPCR), Immunohistochemistry, Mutation (PCR direct sequencing method) of p53 was studied. Further p53 epigenetic profiling was done by Methylation specific PCR (MS-PCR) and western blotting by using p53 acetylation specific antibodies. RESULTS: Our findings revealed that the downregulation of p53 was associated with the progression of disease and the variation in downregulation based on p53 polymorphism was observed. Further hypermethylation and deacetylation of p53 was also found to be associated with the pathogenesis of CaCx. The downregulated expression and hypermethylation of p53 in lower grade of CaCx, together established its association with the progression of CaCx from lower to severe grade. CONCLUSION: Therefore, in CaCx patients of northeast Indian population, malfunctioning of p53 is found to have significant role in cervical cancer progression.


Assuntos
Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto , Metilação de DNA , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/metabolismo , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
9.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(7)2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898403

RESUMO

Poorly controlled and long-standing hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) increases the risk of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We report a 54-year-old woman with an over 20-year history of HS, who had previously undergone wide perineal excision with secondary intention healing and presented with a painful verrucous vulvar plaque and proximal non-healing perineal wound. The patient had four perineal scouting biopsies performed and excisional biopsy with no evidence of high-grade dysplasia or carcinoma on histology. Chromogenic in situ hybridization was negative for HPV 16 and 18 mRNA; the patient's HIV and HSV PCR were also negative. Our patient was treated with interferon alfa-2b with notable clinical improvement. There is currently no standardized stepwise approach to monitoring verrucous lesions in HS patients with significant risk factors for SCC. Our report highlights a vigilant approach to monitoring. If scouting biopsies are negative, complete testing for high risk HPV strains (HPV 16 and 18) is warranted. If negative, we recommend follow up every 6 months with no further biopsies except if overt clinical changes are observed. We also recommend treatment of verrucous changes to decrease risk of possible malignant conversion. Interferon alfa-2b was effective in decreasing the verrucous lesion burden in our patient and may be considered.


Assuntos
Hidradenite Supurativa/complicações , Interferon alfa-2/uso terapêutico , Verrugas/tratamento farmacológico , Biópsia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/prevenção & controle , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Condiloma Acuminado/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Hidradenite Supurativa/cirurgia , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 16/isolamento & purificação , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Períneo/patologia , RNA Viral/análise , Falha de Tratamento , Vulva/patologia , Verrugas/etiologia , Cicatrização
10.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238291, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870941

RESUMO

The establishment of link between high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and occurrence of cervical cancer has resulted in development of various HPV related control strategies for the prevention of cervical cancer. The objective of the present study was to assess the cost effectiveness of various screening strategies for cervical cancer and human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination in India. A Markov model based on societal perspective was designed to estimate the lifetime costs and consequences of screening (with either visual inspect with acetic acid (VIA), Papanicolaou test or HPV DNA test at various time intervals) in a hypothetical cohort of 30-65 years age women or vaccination among adolescent girls. Diagnostic accuracy of the screening strategies, efficacy of HPV vaccination and data on transition probabilities was based on the results of the existing meta-analyses. Primary data was collected for assessing per person cost of screening, cost of treating cervical cancer and quality of life. We found that introduction of different screening strategies leads to reduction in lifetime occurrence of cervical cancer cases caused by HPV 16/18 from 20% to 61%, and cervical cancer deaths from 28% to 70%, as compared to no screening. Among various screening strategies, screening with both VIA 5 yearly and VIA 10 yearly came out to be cost effective at 1-time per capita GDP, with VIA every 5 years providing greater health benefits as compared to VIA 10 years. Hence, screening with VIA 5 years at an incremental cost of US$ 829 (INR 54,881) per QALY gained is the recommended strategy for India. Further, with regards to HPV vaccination, it leads to 60% reduction in cancer cases and mortality caused by HPV 16/18 as compared to no vaccination. Moreover, when this vaccinated cohort of adolescent girls is also screened later in their life (with VIA every 10 years and VIA 5 years), it leads to 69%-76% reduction in cancer cases and 71%-81% reduction in cancer deaths. As compared to no vaccination and no screening, both HPV vaccination alone and vaccination plus screening (with VIA every 5 yearly and VIA 10 yearly) appears to be cost effective with ICERs in the range of US$ 86 (INR 5,693) to US$ 476 (INR 31,511) per QALY gained. In the long run, when the cohort of adolescent girls, who were immunized for HPV, reach the age of 30 years, the screening frequency using VIA should be determined based on the coverage of HPV vaccination in that cohort.


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Idoso , DNA Viral/análise , DNA Viral/metabolismo , Feminino , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 16/isolamento & purificação , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Cadeias de Markov , Programas de Rastreamento/economia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Teste de Papanicolaou/economia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/economia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Vacinação , Adulto Jovem
11.
Arch Virol ; 165(10): 2241-2247, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681408

RESUMO

Cervical cancer is primarily caused by persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV), and 70% of cases are associated with HPV16 and 18 infections. The objective of this study was to establish rapid, simple, and sensitive internally controlled recombinase-aided amplification (IC-RAA) assays for the detection of HPV16 and 18. The assays were performed at 39 ℃ and were completed within 30 min. A total of 277 clinical samples of exfoliated cervical cells were tested by IC-RAA assays and commercial HPV real-time fluorescent PCR kits using extracted DNA and samples treated with nucleic acid releasing agent. The analytical sensitivity of the IC-RAA assay was found to be 10 copies/µL for the detection of HPV16 and 18 when using recombinant plasmids as targets. The optimal concentration of the internal control (IC) plasmid and 18 was 1000 copies/µL for HPV16 and 100 copies/µL for HPV18. The clinical sensitivity of the IC-RAA assays for HPV16 using extracted DNA and samples treated with nucleic acid releasing agent was 98.73% and 97.47%, respectively, with kappa values of 0.977 (P < 0.01) and 0.955 (P < 0.01), respectively, and 100% The specificity in both cases. For HPV18, the sensitivity and specificity were 100%, and the kappa value was 1 for both samples (P < 0.01). The IC-RAA assay is a promising tool for the detection of HPV16 and HPV18, especially in resource-constrained settings.


Assuntos
DNA Viral/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Colo do Útero/patologia , Colo do Útero/virologia , Primers do DNA/síntese química , Primers do DNA/genética , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Células Epiteliais/virologia , Feminino , Papillomavirus Humano 16/classificação , Papillomavirus Humano 16/isolamento & purificação , Papillomavirus Humano 18/classificação , Papillomavirus Humano 18/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Kit de Reagentes para Diagnóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
12.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0235065, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584870

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is associated with the development of anogenital and head and neck cancers. In recent years a potential role of HPV in colorectal cancer (CRC) has been suggested. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of HPV in colorectal carcinomas and to study the role of p16INK4a as a marker of transcriptionally active HPV infection. In addition, to investigate the correlation between these findings and the CRC prognostic factors. METHODS: Case control study with 92 cases of colorectal cancers, 75 controls of normal tissue adjacent to the tumor, and 30 controls of precursor lesions, including polyps and colorectal adenomas. Paraffinized samples were used, HPV detection and genotyping were performed by PCR and reverse hybridization by using the INNO LIPA kit, with SPF10 plus primers. The expression of the p16INK4a protein was investigated using immunohistochemistry. Data analysis was performed using descriptive, univariate statistics and survival curves were calculated by using the Kaplan Meier and log-rank method. RESULTS: HPV was detected in 13% of the cases and the most prevalent genotype was HPV 16. HPV DNA was not detected in either control groups. The high expression of p16INK4a was observed in 30% of the cases, but it was not associated to the presence of HPV. The overall survival was 53.3% and was influenced by prognostic factors such as later stage, lymph node and distant metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: Based on these results, HPV is unlikely to be involved in colorectal carcinogenesis and p16INK4a expression is not a relevant marker of transcriptionally active HPV infection in CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Papillomavirus Humano 16 , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Adulto , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/virologia , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/biossíntese , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Feminino , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 16/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia
13.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 25(10): 1854-1860, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32583223

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To adopt HPV self-sampling in Japan, we assessed the concordance between self- and physician-collected human papillomavirus (HPV) samples from Japanese patients and examined the performance of HPV self-sampling for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+). METHODS: Patients who had previously tested negative for intraepithelial lesions or malignancy/HPV-positive, and patients with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance or worse (ASCUS+) cytology were eligible for this cross-sectional study. Participants performed HPV self-sampling using an Evalyn brush, which was submitted at the Fukui Prefectural Health Care Association. The Evalyn brush heads were stored in ThinPrep vials. The physician, however, performed HPV and cell sampling using an endocervical brush and immediately stored the brush heads in ThinPrep vials. All participants underwent colposcopy and biopsy. Histopathological diagnoses were made by pathologists at Fukui University Hospital. HPV infection was confirmed using a PCR-based Cobas 4800 HPV DNA test. Cytological analysis was performed at Fukui Prefectural Health Care Association. RESULTS: HPV-positive rates for physician-collected samples and self-collected samples were 51 and 50%, respectively. The perfect match rate of HPV type between the groups was 88% (κ = 0.76). HPV16/18 showed higher agreement rates than other HPVs (99%, kappa 0.96 and 89% kappa 0.77, respectively). Both groups showed 100% sensitivity to CIN2+, but specificity was 57.0 and 58.1%, respectively. CONCLUSION: For HPV typing, a good concordance rate was seen between self- and physician-collected samples. Self-sampling showed high sensitivity for CIN2+. Self-sampling using the Evalyn brush and Cobas 4800 may be feasible for screening Japanese individuals.


Assuntos
Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Autocuidado/instrumentação , Manejo de Espécimes/instrumentação , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Células Escamosas Atípicas do Colo do Útero/patologia , Células Escamosas Atípicas do Colo do Útero/virologia , Colposcopia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Testes de DNA para Papilomavírus Humano , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Médicos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Autocuidado/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
14.
J Med Microbiol ; 69(7): 960-970, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32510304

RESUMO

Introduction. Persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 infection is the main causal agent of cervical cancer. Most HPV infections clear spontaneously within 1-2 years. Although not all infected women develop detectable HPV antibodies, about 60-70 % seroconvert and retain their antibodies at low levels.Aim. We investigated if cervical HPV16 DNA positivity was associated with HPV16 seroreactivity measured with two different antigen formulations. We assessed if associations were influenced by co-infection with other HPV types and HPV16 viral load.Methodology. We used baseline data for women participating in the Ludwig-McGill cohort, a longitudinal investigation of the natural history of HPV infection and cervical neoplasia. The study enrolled 2462 Brazilian women from 1993 to 1997 (pre-vaccination). ELISA assays were based on L1-only or L1+L2 virus-like particles (VLPs). Seroreactivity was expressed as normalized absorbance ratios. HPV genotyping and viral load were evaluated by PCR protocols. Pearson's r was used to measure correlations between interval-scaled variables. Serological accuracy in HPV16 DNA detection was assessed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. We analysed the association between HPV DNA positivity and HPV16 seroreactivity by linear regression.Results. Correlations between L1+L2 and L1-only VLPs for detection of HPV16 were poor (r=0.43 and 0.44 for dilutions 1 : 10 and 1 : 50, respectively). The protocol with the best accuracy was L1+L2 VLPs at serum dilution 1 : 10 (ROC area=0.73, 95 % CI: 0.65-0.85). HPV16 DNA positivity was correlated with HPV16 seroreactivity and was not influenced by co-infection or viral load. To a lesser degree, HPV16 seroreactivity was correlated with infection by other Alpha-9 papillomavirus species.Conclusion. HPV16 DNA positivity and HPV16 seroreactivity are strongly correlated. L1+L2 VLPs perform better than L1-only VLPs for detecting IgG antibodies to HPV16 in women infected with HPV16 or other Alpha-9 HPV species. This study advances our understanding of humoral immune responses against HPV16 by providing insights about the influence of VLP antigen composition to measure humoral immune response against naturally acquired HPV infection.


Assuntos
Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 16/imunologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Adulto , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Brasil , Capsídeo/imunologia , Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética , Colo do Útero/virologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Papillomavirus Humano 16/patogenicidade , Humanos , Complexo Antígeno L1 Leucocitário/imunologia , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/genética , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/imunologia , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/imunologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/etiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Carga Viral/métodos , Vírion/imunologia
15.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234518, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Human papillomavirus (HPV) genotyping and cytology have been recommended for colposcopy triage, but it is unclear which combinations of high-risk HPV (hrHPV) types and cytology with various thresholds provide clinically useful information for the triage after primary HPV screening on self-collected samples. METHOD: Chinese Multi-site Screening Trial (CHIMUST) database focused on self-collected samples was reviewed using the results of Cobas4800 HPV assay. Absolute risks of each genotype for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2 or worse/ 3 or worse (CIN2+/CIN3+) were calculated. Triage of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) or worse cytology was used as the comparator, and diagnostic accuracy for paired comparisons between algorithms was obtained using McNemar's test. RESULTS: A total of 10, 498 women were included, the overall prevalence of hrHPV, HPV16, HPV18, and Other hrHPV genotypes were 13.7%, 2.4%, 0.8%, and 10.5%, respectively. HPV16-positive women had the highest absolute risk among various genotypes for CIN2+/CIN3+ whether in normal or abnormal cytology (ASCUS or worse) and among all age groups. When compared with the comparator, combining HPV16 positivity and/or high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) or worse yielded higher specificity (97.7% vs. 97.0%, p<0.0001), similar sensitivity (90.7% vs. 96.3%, p = 0.256) for detection of CIN3+, and a decrease in colposcopy referral rate from 3.5% to 2.7%, similar results were found for CIN2+. Positivity for HPV16 and/or (ASCUS or worse), and positivity for (HPV16 and/or HPV18) and/or (ASCUS or worse) achieved favorable sensitivity compared with the comparator (80.6% and 81.3% vs. 70.1% respectively for CIN2+, p<0.0001; both 96.3% vs. 96.3% for CIN3+, p = 1.000), these algorithms would reduce the colposcopy referral rate to 5.0% and 5.6% respectively, compared with 13.7% of that for HPV alone. CONCLUSIONS: Triage of HPV-positive women on self-collected samples by combining HPV16 or HPV16/18 genotyping with different thresholds of cytology could provide tradeoffs in sensitivity for detecting cervical lesions and colposcopy referral rates, and tailor management in various circumstances of clinical practice.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Genotipagem/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Triagem/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Esfregaço Vaginal/métodos , Adulto , Biópsia/estatística & dados numéricos , Colo do Útero/citologia , Colo do Útero/patologia , Colo do Útero/virologia , Colposcopia/estatística & dados numéricos , DNA Viral/genética , DNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 16/isolamento & purificação , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , Triagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
16.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(3): 351-357, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132605

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Human papilloma virus is an etiological risk factor for a subset of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. HPV has been proven to be a powerful prognostic biomarker for oropharyngeal cancer, but its role in the larynx has not been explored in depth. The developmental mechanisms of laryngeal carcinomas are quite complex and controlled by various factors. Smoking and alcohol are most important risk factors. Recent studies indicate that HPV infection also plays an important role in larynx carcinomas. HPV related laryngeal carcinomas especially occur at the supraglottic region of larynx. Objective: We aimed to determine the frequency of HPV/protein16 positivity in patients with laryngeal carcinoma and association of HPV and/or p16 positivity with variables such as age, sex, smoking habits, tumor localization, lymph node metastasis, recurrence and survival in advanced stage laryngeal carcinoma in our study. Methods: This retrospective study included 90 patients with advanced laryngeal carcinoma. The Control group was 10 normal larynx mucosa specimens. The presence of HPV was investigated polyclonally by polymerase chain reaction, and protein16 with immunohistochemical method. In HPV positive cases, the presence of HPV types 16, 18 were evaluated by polymerase chain reaction. Demographic features of patients were noted. Patient survival and association with HPV/protein16 was determined. Results: Polyclonal HPV positivity was detected in 11 (12.2%) of 90 cases. Out of these 11 cases, HPV 16 was positive in 6, HPV 18 in 4, and both HPV 16 and 18 were positive in 1. In 18 (20%) of the cases, p16 was positive. Six of the cases (6.6%) had both HPV and protein16 positivity. In cases where protein16 alone or HPV and protein16 were co-positive, alcohol use was less and the tumor was found more likely to be localized in the supraglottic area. These ratios were statistically significant. Supraglottic localization of tumor was determined to be increased in protein16 positive cases. The correlation between protein16 positivity and supraglottic area location was determined to be statistically significant (p= 0.011). 55.6% of protein16 positive cases was located in the supraglottic region, 33.3% was glottic and 11.1% was transglottic. Although life expectancy over 5 years were numerically higher in HPV and protein16 positive cases, this was not found to be statistically significant. There was no statistically significant relationship between HPV positivity and mean age, differentiation, smoking and alcohol use, tumor progression, lymph node metastasis, localization, recurrence, cause of mortality and treatment methods in our study. The mean follow-up period of our patients was 6.7 years. Conclusion: The close relationship between HPV and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma could not be shown in larynx malignancy in many studies, including our study. Our findings support a limited role of HPV in laryngeal carcinogenesis. Protein16 is not a reliable surrogate for HPV status in laryngeal cancers and is not a predictor of laryngeal cancer survival. Supraglottic localization of tumor was determined to be increased in protein16 positive cases. The correlation between protein16 positivity and supraglottic area location was determined to be statistically significant. There is a need for more populated clinical trials, where neoplastic proliferation is better demonstrated and the accuracy of the results obtained is supported by different techniques.


Resumo Introdução: O papilomavírus humano é um fator de risco etiológico para um subconjunto de carcinoma espinocelular de cabeça e pescoço. Tem sido demonstrado que o HPV é um poderoso biomarcador prognóstico para o câncer de orofaringe, mas seu papel na laringe ainda não foi explorado em profundidade. Os mecanismos de desenvolvimento dos carcinomas de laringe são bastante complexos e controlados por vários fatores. Tabagismo e álcool são os fatores de risco mais importantes. Estudos recentes indicam que a infecção pelo HPV também desempenha um papel importante nos carcinomas da laringe. Os carcinomas laríngeos relacionados ao HPV ocorrem especialmente na região supraglótica. Objetivo: Nosso objetivo foi determinar a frequência da positividade para o HPV / proteína 16 em pacientes com carcinoma da laringe e a associação da positividade para o HPV e /ou proteína 16 com variáveis como idade, sexo, tabagismo, localização do tumor, metástase linfonodal, recidiva e sobrevivência de carcinoma da laringe em estágio avançado em nosso estudo. Método: Este estudo retrospectivo incluiu 90 pacientes com carcinoma laríngeo avançado. O grupo controle incluiu 10 amostras de mucosa laríngea normal. A presença de HPV foi inves-tigada por anticorpo policlonal através de reação de polimerase em cadeia e a proteína 16 por método imunohistoquímico. Nos casos positivos para o HPV, a presença dos tipos 16 e 18 do foi avaliada por reação de polimerase em cadeia. As características demográficas dos pacientes foram observadas. A sobrevida dos pacientes e a associação com HPV / proteína 16 foram determinadas. Resultados: A positividade com anticorpo policlonal do HPV foi detectada em 11 (12,2%) dos 90 casos. Desses 11 casos, o HPV 16 foi positivo em 6, o HPV 18 em 4 e o HPV 16 e 18 foram positivos em 1. Em 18 (20%) dos casos, a proteína 16 foi positiva. Seis dos casos (6,6%) apresentaram positividade para HPV e proteína16. Nos casos positivos apenas para a proteína 16 ou quando HPV e a proteína 16 foram co-positivos, a ingestão de álcool foi menor e o tumor apresentou maior probabilidade de estar localizado na área supraglótica. Essas proporções foram estatisticamente significantes. A localização supraglótica do tumor foi maior em casos positivos para proteína 16. A correlação entre positividade para proteína 16 e localização da área supraglótica foi estatisticamente significante (p = 0,011). Dos casos positivos para proteína 16, 55,6% foram supraglóticos, 33,3% glóticos e 11,1% transglóticos. Embora a expectativa de vida acima de 5 anos tenha sido numericamente maior nos casos positivos para HPV e proteína 16, isso não foi estatisticamente significante. Não houve relação estatisticamente significante entre positividade do HPV e média de idade, diferenciação, tabagismo e uso de álcool, progressão tumoral, metástase linfonodal, localização, recidiva, causa de mortalidade e métodos de tratamento em nosso estudo. O período médio de seguimento de nossos pacientes foi de 6,7 anos. Conclusão: A estreita relação entre HPV e carcinoma espinocelular orofaríngeo não pôde ser demonstrada na laringe em muitos estudos, inclusive no nosso estudo. Nossos achados confirmam um papel limitado do HPV na carcinogênese da laringe. A proteína 16 não é um substituto confiável para o status do HPV nos cânceres de laringe e não é preditor da sobrevida do câncer de laringe. A localização supraglótica do tumor foi maior em casos positivos para proteína16. A correlação entre positividade para proteína 16 e localização na área supraglótica foi determinada como estatisticamente significante. Há necessidade de ensaios clínicos com amostras maiores, nos quais a proliferação neoplásica seja melhor demonstrada e a precisão dos resultados obtidos seja apoiada por diferentes técnicas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Neoplasias Laríngeas/sangue , Neoplasias Laríngeas/virologia , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/sangue , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Laríngeas/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
17.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232117, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32357165

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the significance of BMRT HPV assay viral load and its performance for secondary screening. METHODS: BMRT-HPV reports type-specific viral loads/10,000 cells. We tested 1,495 physician collected, stored specimens from Chinese Multiple-center Screening Trial (CHIMUST), that were positive by Cobas, SeqHPV, and/or Cytology (≥LSIL); and 2,990 age matched, negatives in a nested case control study. We explored the relationship between BMRT HR-HPV viral load and cervical lesions, determined alternative CIN2+ cut-points by ROC curve, and evaluated BMRT HR-HPV for primary / secondary cervical cancer screening. RESULTS: The viral loads of HPV16/18, 12 other subtypes HR-HPV and 14 HR-HPV were statistically different in all grades of cervical lesions (P<0.05, among which HPV16, 33 and 58 showed the strongest relationship (P<0.01). The viral load of HR-HPV also increased with the grade of cervical lesions (P<0.05). The sensitivity for CIN2+ and CIN3+ of BMRT was comparable to Cobas (92.6% vs 94.3%, 100% vs 100%, P>0.05), specificity was higher than Cobas (84.8% vs 83.3%, 83.5% vs 82.0%, P<0.001). When using HPV16/18 viral load(log cut-point ≥3.2929), plus the viral-load of 12 other subtypes (log cut-point ≥3.9625) as secondary triage, compared with Cobas HPV16/18+ plus cytology ≥ASC-US as triage, the sensitivities for CIN2+ and CIN3+ were similar (P>0.05). However, the BMRT HR-HPV viral load combined with subtypes did not require cytology. CONCLUSION: BMRT is as sensitive as Cobas4800 for primary cervical cancer screening. BMRT HR-HPV viral load combined with subtypes can be used as a secondary strategy for cervical cancer screening, especially for areas with insufficient cytological resources.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Papillomavirus Humano 16/isolamento & purificação , Papillomavirus Humano 18/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Carga Viral , Adulto , Feminino , Genótipo , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Triagem , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico
18.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232474, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Brazil, penile cancer (PC) is not uncommon. The highest incidence of PC is in the North and Northeast of the country. In addition to phimosis, the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and Epstein-Baar Virus (EBV) infections are also related as risk factors for PC. The overexpression of p16INK4a is a surrogate sensitive marker of HPV infection in PC. OBJECTIVES: To correlate p16INK4a overexpression and HPV infection status with EBV infection in a series of PC patients from the Amazon region. METHODS: Tumor tissues from 47 PC cases were analyzed for the presence of HPV and EBV DNA by PCR. All PC patients were diagnosed between 2013 and 2018 at a public reference cancer center hospital in Manaus, Amazonas-Brazil. HPV was genotyped using E7 HPV16/HPV18 type-specific real-time PCR and the PapilloCheck® HPV-Screening assay. p16INK4a expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry using the automated Ventana® BenchMark Ultra. RESULTS: The mean age of patients at the time of diagnosis was 57.4 years ±SD 17.8 ranging from 20 to 90 years old. Most of the patients (64%) came from rural areas of the Amazonas State. Thirty patients had phimosis (64%). Among the patients with phimosis, 43% (13/30) underwent circumcision, three during childhood and 10 in adulthood. 60% of the patients were smokers or ex-smokers. HPV infection was observed in 45% (21/47) of cases. HPV16 was detected in 13 patients (61%). Other HPV types detected were HPV 6, 11, 42, 51, 53, 68 and 44/55. EBV infection was observed in 30% (14/47) of the patients with PC. Co-infection with HPV and EBV was observed in 28% (6/21) cases. p16INK4a was only investigated in 26 samples. The p16INK4a overexpression was observed exclusively in HPV 16 positive cases and four HPV negative cases. In the survival analysis, the follow-up time was 35.4 months/patient. The mortality rate during the follow up time was 38%. CONCLUSIONS: p16INK4a positivity presented a high correlation to HPV 16 DNA detection, reinforcing its use as a surrogate marker for HPV-driven cancers. Infection with EBV was quite frequent and its role in epithelial penile oncogenesis needs to be demonstrated.


Assuntos
Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Papillomaviridae , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Neoplasias Penianas/etiologia , Neoplasias Penianas/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil/epidemiologia , DNA Viral/genética , DNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Marcadores Genéticos , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 4/isolamento & purificação , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 16/patogenicidade , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/patogenicidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/genética , Papillomaviridae/patogenicidade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Neoplasias Penianas/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Regulação para Cima , Adulto Jovem
19.
Gene ; 747: 144682, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32304786

RESUMO

Human Papillomavirus 16 (HPV16) is the most oncogenic HPV and the most associated genotype with cervical cancer development and progression. Currently, all developed vaccines are targeting HPV16 and were designed based on the major L1 capsid protein. Thus, evaluation of the diversity of HPV16 L1 sequence, mainly in the antigenic regions, will be of a great interest to assess the efficacy of the prophylactic vaccines and to predict the impact of genetic variations in these regions on the vaccination-induced immunity. A total of 377 HPV16 L1 sequences, published in public domain GenBank database, from the Americas, Africa, Asia, and Europe were collected and assembled. A total of 626 mutation events affecting 83 distinct nucleotides into the five antigenic regions of L1 gene of HPV16 were reported, and most SNPs were located in DE (27.38%, 23/83) and FG (31%, 26/83) loops. Overall, 4 mutations were frequently found in HPV16 sequences: T176N and N181T in EF loop; A266T in the FG loop and T353P/I/N HI loop. Of particular interest, some SNPs are ubiquitous and were found in all populations whereas others were population specific and their presence was limited to one or 2 at the maximum. Association between mutations in the antigenic regions and ethnicity was also investigated and showed that mutations in BC and DE loops were present with no significant difference in sequences from Europe, Asia, America and Africa. However, most mutations in FG loop are reported in sequences from European cases and are less pronounced in cases from America and Asia, whereas mutations EF and HI loops prevail in Asian cases. These data highlight a high number of variant amino acid residues that could affect the vaccination-induced immunity and impact the effectiveness of the prophylactic vaccination to fight against HPV, warranting the need of further investigation for vaccines and natural history studies of HPV16.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética , Proteínas do Capsídeo/imunologia , Variação Genética , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Imunidade , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/genética , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/imunologia , Vacinação , Aminoácidos/genética , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Sequência de Bases , Grupos Étnicos/genética , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Mutação/genética , Filogenia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
20.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0232105, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320451

RESUMO

Cervical cancer is a significant public health problem, especially in low- and middle-income countries, where women have little access to cervical cancer screening; consequently 80% of cervical cancer related mortality occurs in these regions. The development of screening methods that need less infrastructure thus represents an urgent medical need. The study aims to compare the detection rates of high-risk human papillomavirus 16 and 18 E6 oncoprotein in urine, vaginal self-collected, and cervical scrapes of women using the OncoE6™ Cervical Test and compare the HPV16 and/or HPV18 E6 detection rates with the HPV DNA testing. Paired urine, vaginal self-collected and cervical specimens were collected from 124 women who participated in cervical cancer screening or treatment in this proof-of-concept study and underwent to HPV16/18-E6 testing and high-risk HPV DNA testing prior to treatment of cervical neoplasia or cancer. Concordance between urinary, vaginal and cervical HPV16/18-E6 and HPV-DNA testing was evaluated for patients classified as negative group (

Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/urina , Imunoensaio/métodos , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/urina , Proteínas Repressoras/urina , Adulto , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , Testes de DNA para Papilomavírus Humano , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Vagina/virologia
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