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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(19): e20032, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32384463

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Spontaneous spinal subdural hematoma (SSDH) is a rare disease that can cause severe permanent neurological dysfunction. Here we present a case of spontaneous SSDH, in which a series of magnetic resonance images (MRIs) taken through the course of the disease facilitated understanding of the resolution process of the hematoma and the diagnosis of SSDH. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 59-year-old male presented with sudden severe back pain and rapid onset of paraplegia. This symptom had continued developing while he was transferred to the emergency department. Initial physical examination showed flaccid paralysis of both lower limbs with areflexia and loss of all sensation below T6 bilaterally. MRI images showed an anterior subdural hematoma from C7 to T7 with spinal cord compression. DIAGNOSIS: Based on MRI findings, the diagnosis was SSDH. INTERVENTIONS: We chose conservative treatment of 1-week bed rest and intensive rehabilitation for the patient due to the presence of sacral sparing and the slight motor recovery at 24 hours after the onset. OUTCOMES: Frequent MRI images demonstrated that the spinal cord compression was surprisingly mitigated only 2 days and mostly absorbed 4 days after the onset. The patient's motor function was recovered completely and he was discharged after 8 weeks of hospitalization. LESSONS: Our chronological MRI findings provide crucial information for diagnosing SSDH and also suggest that spinal surgeons should consider the potential option of a conservative approach for treating SSDH. Although prompt selection of a therapeutic strategy for SSDH could be challenging, the surgeons could observe the course of the patient's neurological status for a few days to detect signs of spontaneous recovery.


Assuntos
Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Hematoma Subdural Espinal , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Paraplegia , Canal Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma Subdural Espinal/complicações , Hematoma Subdural Espinal/diagnóstico , Hematoma Subdural Espinal/fisiopatologia , Hematoma Subdural Espinal/reabilitação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Exame Neurológico/métodos , Paraplegia/etiologia , Paraplegia/fisiopatologia , Paraplegia/reabilitação , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Remissão Espontânea , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299333

RESUMO

Australia conducts surveillance for cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) in children less than 15 years as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the main method to monitor its polio-free status. Cases of AFP in children are notified to the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit or the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance System and faecal specimens are referred for virological investigation to the National Enterovirus Reference Laboratory. In 2015, no cases of poliomyelitis were reported from clinical surveillance and Australia reported 1.2 non-polio AFP cases per 100,000 children, meeting the WHO performance criterion for a sensitive surveillance system. Two non-polio enteroviruses, enterovirus A71 and coxsackievirus B3, were identified from clinical specimens collected from AFP cases. Australia complements the clinical surveillance program with enterovirus and environmental surveillance for poliovirus. Two Sabin-like polioviruses were isolated from sewage collected in Melbourne in 2015, which would have been imported from a country that uses the oral polio vaccine. The global eradication of wild poliovirus type 2 was certified in 2015 and Sabin poliovirus type 2 will be withdrawn from oral polio vaccine in April 2016. Laboratory containment of all remaining wild and vaccine strains of poliovirus type 2 will occur in 2016 and the National Enterovirus Reference Laboratory was designated as a polio essential facility. Globally, in 2015, 74 cases of polio were reported, only in the two remaining countries endemic for wild poliovirus: Afghanistan and Pakistan. This is the lowest number reported since the global polio eradication program was initiated.


Assuntos
Relatórios Anuais como Assunto , Notificação de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Enterovirus/epidemiologia , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Adolescente , Austrália/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Enterovirus/genética , Enterovirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Enterovirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Enterovirus/virologia , Fezes/virologia , Humanos , Lactente , Paraplegia/diagnóstico , Paraplegia/epidemiologia , Paraplegia/virologia , Poliovirus , Organização Mundial da Saúde
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299334

RESUMO

Australia monitors its polio-free status by conducting surveillance for cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) in children less than 15 years of age, as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). Cases of AFP in children are notified to the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit or the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance System and faecal specimens are referred for virological investigation to the National Enterovirus Reference Laboratory. In 2016, no cases of poliomyelitis were reported from clinical surveillance and Australia reported 1.38 non-polio AFP cases per 100,000 children, meeting the WHO performance criterion for a sensitive surveillance system. Several non-polio enteroviruses, coxsackievirus A6, enterovirus A71, enterovirus A74 and enterovirus D68, were identified from clinical specimens collected from AFP cases. The global withdrawal of Sabin poliovirus type 2 from oral polio vaccine occurred in April 2016. This event represents the start of the polio endgame with an increased focus on the laboratory containment of all remaining wild and vaccine strains of poliovirus type 2. The National Enterovirus Reference Laboratory was designated as a polio essential facility as part of this process. In 2016, 37 cases of wild polio were reported with three countries remaining endemic: Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan. Nigeria was declared polio-free in 2015, after 12 months without detection of wild poliovirus, but was reinstated as an endemic country after the reporting of four cases in August 2016. This is a salient reminder of the need to maintain sensitive surveillance for poliovirus until global eradication is certified.


Assuntos
Relatórios Anuais como Assunto , Notificação de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Enterovirus/epidemiologia , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Adolescente , Austrália/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Enterovirus/genética , Enterovirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Enterovirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Enterovirus/virologia , Fezes/virologia , Humanos , Lactente , Paraplegia/diagnóstico , Paraplegia/epidemiologia , Paraplegia/virologia , Poliovirus , Organização Mundial da Saúde
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299335

RESUMO

Australia monitors its polio-free status by conducting surveillance for cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) in children less than 15 years of age, as recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). Cases of AFP in children are notified to the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit or the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance System and faecal specimens are referred for virological investigation to the National Enterovirus Reference Laboratory. In 2017, no cases of poliomyelitis were reported from clinical surveillance and Australia reported 1.33 non-polio AFP cases per 100,000 children, meeting the WHO performance criterion for a sensitive surveillance system. Three non-polio enteroviruses, coxsackievirus B1, echovirus 11 and enterovirus A71, were identified from clinical specimens collected from AFP cases. Australia established enterovirus and environmental surveillance systems to complement the clinical system focussed on children and an ambiguous vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 was isolated from sewage in Melbourne. In 2017, 22 cases of wild polio were reported with three countries remaining endemic: Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan.


Assuntos
Relatórios Anuais como Assunto , Notificação de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Enterovirus/epidemiologia , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Adolescente , Austrália/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Enterovirus/genética , Enterovirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Enterovirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Enterovirus/virologia , Fezes/virologia , Humanos , Lactente , Paraplegia/diagnóstico , Paraplegia/epidemiologia , Paraplegia/virologia , Poliovirus , Organização Mundial da Saúde
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299336

RESUMO

Australia monitors its polio-free status by conducting surveillance for cases of AFP in children less than 15 years of age, as recommended by the WHO. Cases of AFP in children are notified to the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit or the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance System and faecal specimens are referred for virological investigation to the National Enterovirus Reference Laboratory. In 2018, no cases of poliomyelitis were reported from clinical surveillance and Australia reported 1.24 non-polio AFP cases per 100,000 children, meeting the WHO performance criterion for a sensitive surveillance system. Several non-polio enteroviruses, coxsackievirus A4, coxsackievirus B1, echovirus 9, echovirus 30, enterovirus D68 and enterovirus A71, were identified from clinical specimens collected from AFP cases. Australia also performs enterovirus and environmental surveillance to complement the clinical system focussed on children. In 2018, 33 cases of wild polio were reported with three countries remaining endemic: Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan.


Assuntos
Relatórios Anuais como Assunto , Notificação de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Enterovirus/epidemiologia , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Adolescente , Austrália/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Enterovirus/genética , Enterovirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Enterovirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Enterovirus/virologia , Fezes/virologia , Humanos , Lactente , Paraplegia/diagnóstico , Paraplegia/epidemiologia , Paraplegia/virologia , Poliovirus , Organização Mundial da Saúde
6.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(2): 595-601, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319402

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cause, diagnosis and therapeutic method of the neurological complication with the main manifestation of paraplegia after the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS: The clinical features, the process of diagnosis and treatment and the prognosis follow-up of 9 cases, who received HSCT in our department during January 2014 and January 2017 and had the neurological complication with the main symptom of paraplegia after the transplantation, were summarized. RESULTS: The incidence rate of paraplegia was 2.96% (9/304). The median onset time was 245 days (50 days-772 days) after transplantation. The cause of paraplegia determined by examination was extramedullary recurrence of leukemia in 3 cases, cyclosporin neurotoxicity in 1 case, GBS in 1 case, CIDP in 2 cases and autoimmune myeleterosis in 2 cases. One patient abandoned the treatment. The rest 8 patients received empirical or targeted treatment. The median follow-up period was 11 months. There were 5 dead cases and 4 survival cases. CONCLUSION: Paraplegia is a serious post-HSCT complication. The cause of paraplegia should be determined as early as possible to perform targeted treatment. Empirical preemptive treatment should be given if necessary, so as to improve the survival rate and the quality of life of HSCT patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Paraplegia/terapia , Humanos , Leucemia , Qualidade de Vida , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
World Neurosurg ; 136: 136-139, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Encephalopathy is reported to have affected 250,000 people in the United States over the last decade, with considerable morbidity and mortality. Baclofen, a gamma-aminobutyric acid-B agonist that acts on the central nervous system, is the drug most widely used to treat spasticity. Baclofen overdose is a potentially deadly condition that can cause encephalopathy and can result from multiple etiologies. Renal disease can contribute to baclofen overdose and encephalopathy, and there are currently no dosing recommendations for patient's on baclofen with renal impairment. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report an unusual case of a man aged 35 years who presented with persistent fevers, seizures, and normal mentation. The patient presented with intrathecal baclofen use and prior exposure to West Nile Virus. He developed acute kidney injury at hospital secondary to vancomycin use, and mental status declined. CONCLUSIONS: This case highlights that patients with baclofen overdose can initially appear to have serious brain injury, however, full patient recovery can occur in <72 hours. This case provides additional insight into the guidelines for the treatment and management for unknown cause encephalopathy. This case also highlights the link between renal disease, baclofen, and encephalopathy through a review of the literature.


Assuntos
Baclofeno/efeitos adversos , Encefalopatias/induzido quimicamente , Agonistas dos Receptores de GABA-B/efeitos adversos , Espasmo/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Adulto , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Baclofeno/administração & dosagem , Encefalopatias/complicações , Encefalopatias/fisiopatologia , Eletroencefalografia , Febre/etiologia , Febre/fisiopatologia , Agonistas dos Receptores de GABA-B/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Bombas de Infusão Implantáveis , Infusão Espinal , Masculino , Meropeném/uso terapêutico , Paraplegia/complicações , Convulsões/etiologia , Convulsões/fisiopatologia , Espasmo/etiologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Vancomicina/efeitos adversos
10.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil ; 101(4): 607-612, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891715

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential effects of incorporating exoskeletal-assisted walking (EAW) into spinal cord injury (SCI) acute inpatient rehabilitation (AIR) on facilitating functional and motor recovery when compared with standard of care AIR. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design with a prospective intervention group (AIR with EAW) and a retrospective control group (AIR only). SETTING: SCI AIR facility. PARTICIPANTS: Ten acute inpatient participants with SCI who were eligible for locomotor training were recruited in the intervention group. Twenty inpatients with SCI were identified as matched controls by reviewing an AIR database, Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation, by an individual blinded to the study. Both groups (N=30) were matched based on etiology, paraplegia/tetraplegia, completeness of injury, age, and sex. INTERVENTION: EAW incorporated into SCI AIR. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: FIM score, International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury Upper Extremity Motor Score and Lower Extremity Motor Scores (LEMS), and EAW session results, including adverse events, walking time, and steps. RESULTS: Changes from admission to discharge LEMS and FIM scores were significantly greater in the intervention group (LEMS change: 14.3±10.1; FIM change: 37.8±10.8) compared with the control group (LEMS change: 4.6±6.1; FIM change: 26.5±14.3; Mann-Whitney U tests: LEMS, P<.01 and FIM, P<.05). One adverse event (minor skin abrasion) occurred during 42 walking sessions. Participants on average achieved 31.5 minutes of up time and 18.2 minutes of walk time with 456 steps in one EAW session. CONCLUSIONS: Incorporation of EAW into standard of care AIR is possible. AIR with incorporated EAW has the potential to facilitate functional and motor recovery compared with AIR without EAW.


Assuntos
Exoesqueleto Energizado , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/reabilitação , Caminhada/fisiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paraplegia/fisiopatologia , Paraplegia/reabilitação , Projetos Piloto , Quadriplegia/fisiopatologia , Quadriplegia/reabilitação , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia
12.
World Neurosurg ; 135: 160-164, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spinal hematomas are rarely associated with dengue syndrome and usually occur at the time of active dengue fever. Late presentation after recovery from dengue fever, intradural hematoma, presentation as a multiloculated cystic lesion with longitudinal extensive myelitis, and recurrence after surgery are rarely or not described. Due to the peculiar association of all these findings, we report this case to provide insight into the existence of such a rare presentation. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 79-year-old-male developed sudden-onset paraparesis after 1 week of recovery from dengue fever. The blood counts were normal. Magnetic resonance imaging of the thoracic spine was suggestive of intradural hematoma. The patient underwent emergency decompression and drainage of hematoma with recovery in the neurologic status over the next few weeks. He presented to our emergency department after 5 weeks of the first surgery with deterioration in the neurologic status to complete paraplegia. Repeat magnetic resonance imaging showed a posterior epidural collection bulging anteriorly, causing cord compression. The patient was reoperated on by decompression. There was no neurologic recovery. The patient was managed with multidisciplinary rehabilitation, and he was independent in most of the activities at the time of discharge. CONCLUSIONS: Spinal hematoma should be kept in mind in patients who present with neurologic complications after dengue fever. It can have an atypical radiologic presentation and may present with recurrent hemorrhage after surgery. Attention should also be given to delayed presentation of neurologic complications, which may develop even after weeks of recovery from dengue fever.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica , Hematoma Epidural Espinal/cirurgia , Hematoma Subdural Espinal/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Compressão da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Idoso , Dengue/complicações , Drenagem , Hematoma Epidural Espinal/complicações , Hematoma Epidural Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma Subdural Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma Subdural Espinal/etiologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Paraparesia/etiologia , Paraplegia/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Compressão da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Compressão da Medula Espinal/etiologia
14.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 159(4): 1189-1196.e1, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126657

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We seek to assess the safety of total arch replacement with frozen elephant trunk for acute type A aortic dissection in respect to the risks of operative mortality, stroke, and paraplegia using an international multicenter registry (ARCH). METHODS: The ARCH Registry database from 37 participating centers was analyzed between 2000 and 2015. Patients who underwent emergency surgery for acute type A aortic dissection treated by total arch replacement with or without frozen elephant trunk were included. Operative mortality, permanent neurologic deficits, and spinal cord injury were primary end points. These end points were analyzed using univariate and hierarchical multivariate regression analyses, as well as conditional logistic regression analysis and post hoc propensity-score stratification. RESULTS: A total of 11,928 patients were enrolled in the ARCH database, of which 6180 were managed with total arch replacement. A comprehensive analysis was performed for 978 patients who underwent total aortic arch replacement for acute type A aortic dissection with or without frozen elephant trunk placement. In propensity-score matching, there were no significant differences between total arch replacement and frozen elephant trunk in terms of permanent neurologic deficits (11.9% vs 10.1%, P = .59) and spinal cord injury (4.0% vs 6.3%, P = .52) For patients included in the post hoc propensity-score stratification, frozen elephant trunk was associated with a statistically significantly lower mortality risk (odds ratio, 0.47; P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: The use of frozen elephant trunk for acute type A aortic dissection does not appear to increase the risk of paraplegia in appropriately selected patients at experienced centers. The exact risk factors for paraplegia remain to be determined.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Prótese Vascular , Paraplegia/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paraplegia/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Pontuação de Propensão , Desenho de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco
17.
World Neurosurg ; 134: e847-e854, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is accumulating evidence of a potential beneficial effect of early surgical intervention after acute cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). However, around one third of all SCIs affect the thoracic spine. This cohort has not been extensively investigated, mainly because of less sensitive clinical readout measures. Apart from regaining full sensorimotor function, improvements in bladder and bowel management remain of the highest priority for patients with chronic paraplegia. Therefore, this study investigates the effect of early decompression (here defined as <8 hours) versus delayed management on neurologic and functional outcome. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from the institutional database, in which follow-up data were collected prospectively according to the European Multicenter Study about Spinal Cord Injury standards. Within a 13-year period, we identified 43 patients who met inclusion and exclusion criteria. Of these, 32 (74%) were managed surgically within the first 8 hours. There was a trend toward a higher rate of patients with clinically complete SCI in the early group at baseline. RESULTS: After 1 year, we did not observe a benefit on the neurologic outcome as assessed via the American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale grade. Functional outcome was evaluated using the Spinal Cord Independence Measure (SCIM). The early decompressed group demonstrated significantly improved SCIM 6 (i.e., bladder management) (P < 0.045) and SCIM 9-11 subitems (i.e., mobility, transfer) (P < 0.019). CONCLUSIONS: Early decompression was an independent predictor for improved functional bladder outcome and mobility after 1 year. This effect needs to be studied in future prospective, multicenter studies.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Paraplegia/fisiopatologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Limitação da Mobilidade , Paraplegia/etiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Vértebras Torácicas , Resultado do Tratamento , Bexiga Urinaria Neurogênica/etiologia
18.
World Neurosurg ; 134: 408-414, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678311

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, only a few documented cases exist of complete or near-complete paraplegia of the lower extremities following collapse of a vertebral body secondary to an aneurysmal bone cyst. We describe the preceding symptoms associated with this catastrophic event along with surgical management and recovery. CASE DESCRIPTION: A previously healthy, 13-year-old girl had experienced months of ongoing back pain with associated posture change. After collapsing at home in the bathroom, she was brought in by emergency medical services and presented to the neurosurgery service with an American Spinal Injury Association A spinal cord injury. Imaging revealed a collapsed T4 vertebral body including expanded and fluid-filled posterior elements and severe kyphotic spine angulation resulting in cord compression corresponding to her sensory and motor deficits. She underwent emergent surgery for spinal cord decompression with a T2-T4 laminectomy, transpedicular tumor resection, and T1-7 instrumented fusion. The patient tolerated the procedure well postoperatively. At 9 months after the event, she is ambulating independently without the use of crutches or a cane and has regained full strength for all muscle groups of her lower extremities. CONCLUSIONS: The unique combination of back pain and posture change symptoms in an otherwise healthy pediatric patient should heighten clinical suspicion for a possible aneurysmal bone cyst of the spine when formulating a differential diagnosis. Additionally, despite the clinical severity at presentation, patients may still experience significant recovery following expeditious surgical intervention.


Assuntos
Cistos Ósseos Aneurismáticos/complicações , Cistos Ósseos Aneurismáticos/cirurgia , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Adolescente , Cistos Ósseos Aneurismáticos/patologia , Descompressão Cirúrgica , Feminino , Humanos , Paraplegia/etiologia , Compressão da Medula Espinal/etiologia , Vértebras Torácicas
20.
World Neurosurg ; 133: 188-191, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage reduces the risk of paraplegia in thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair. Intracranial hemorrhage after TAAA repair has been reported as a rare complication of CSF drainage; however, spinal subarachnoid hematoma has never been reported. Here, we present a case of lumbosacral subarachnoid hematoma after CSF drainage in TAAA repair. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 76-year-old man who was hospitalized for TAAA repair. Just before the operation, a CSF drainage catheter was inserted into the L4/5 vertebral interspace. Continuous CSF drainage was performed during the operation. The CSF drain was clamped just after the operation, and the drainage catheters were removed at 24 hours after the operation. On postoperative day 1, the patient experienced pain and paralysis in both lower limbs that worsened over time. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and spinal cord was indicative of a spinal subarachnoid hematoma. Removal of hematoma with thoracolumbar and lumbosacral laminectomy was performed, and immediately after the surgery, the pain and paralysis in both lower limbs improved. Six months after the removal of the hematoma, the paralysis in both lower limbs completely resolved and the patient achieved the preinjury activity level. CONCLUSIONS: We present a rare case of lumbosacral subarachnoid hematoma after CSF drainage in TAAA repair. We should consider spinal subarachnoid hematoma when paralysis in the lower limbs occurs after CSF drainage.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Paraplegia/etiologia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/etiologia , Idoso , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Drenagem/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Paraplegia/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos
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