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2.
BJOG ; 127(3): 405-413, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine variations in cord blood gas (CBG) parameters after 3-minute delayed cord clamping (DCC) in vaginal deliveries (VDs) and caesarean deliveries (CDs) at term without fetal distress. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University hospital. SAMPLE: CBG from 97 VDs and 124 CDs without fetal distress. METHODS: Comparison of paired arterial-venous CBG parameters drawn at birth from the unclamped cord and after 3-minutes DCC for VDs and CDs. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Base excess, bicarbonate, haematocrit and haemoglobin from both arterial and venous cord blood, lactate, neonatal outcomes, partial pressure of oxygen (pO2 ), partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2 ), pH, and postpartum haemorrhage. RESULTS: Arterial cord blood pH, bicarbonate ( HCO 3 - , mmol/l), and base excess (BE, mmol/l) decreased significantly after 3-minute DCC both in VDs (pH = 7.23 versus 7.27; P < 0.001; HCO 3 -  = 23.3 versus 24.3; P = 0.004; BE = -5.1 versus -2.9; P < 0.001) and CDs (pH = 7.28 versus 7.34; P < 0.001; HCO 3 -  = 26.2 versus 27.2; P < 0.001; BE = -1.5 versus 0.7; P < 0.001). After 3-minute DCC, pCO2 increased in CDs only (57 versus 51; P < 0.001), whereas lactate increased more in CDs compared with VDs (lactate, +1.1 [0.9, 1.45] versus +0.5 [-0.65, 2.35]; P = 0.01). Postpartum maternal haemorrhage, neonatal maximum bilirubin concentration, and need for phototherapy were similar between the two groups. Newborns born by CD more frequently required postnatal clinical monitoring or admission to a neonatal intensive care unit. CONCLUSIONS: After 3-minute DCC, the acid-base status shifted towards mixed acidosis in CDs and prevalent metabolic acidosis in VDs. CDs were associated with a more pronounced increase in arterial lactate, compared with VDs. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: By 3-minute DCC, acid-base status shifts towards mixed and metabolic acidosis in caesarean and vaginal delivery, respectively.


Assuntos
Acidose , Cesárea , Parto Obstétrico , Sangue Fetal/metabolismo , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto , Cordão Umbilical/cirurgia , Acidose/sangue , Acidose/diagnóstico , Acidose/etiologia , Gasometria/métodos , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Cesárea/métodos , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Constrição , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/diagnóstico , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/epidemiologia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/etiologia , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Tempo para o Tratamento
3.
BJOG ; 127(3): 397-403, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749273

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether restrictive or routine episiotomy in term pregnant Southeast Asian women results in fewer complications. DESIGN: A multicentre randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Two tertiary and two general hospitals in Thailand. POPULATION: 3006 singleton pregnant women 18 years or older, ≥37 weeks of gestation, cephalic presentation and planned vaginal delivery. METHODS: This randomised controlled trial compared routine versus restrictive episiotomies in Thai women giving birth vaginally. Participants were singleton, term pregnant women with cephalic presentation. Block randomisation was stratified by study site and parity. Risk ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated to indicate between-group differences. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome was severe perineal laceration. Secondary outcomes included vaginal laceration, cervical laceration, and pregnancy outcomes. RESULTS: 3006 women were randomly assigned to restrictive (1502) and routine (1504) episiotomy. There was no difference in severe perineal laceration between the groups (RR 0.72, 95% CI 0.46-1.12). Restrictive episiotomy resulted in more intact perineums in multiparous women (RR 3.09, 95% CI 2.10-4.56). Restrictive episiotomy increased the risk of vaginal laceration in primiparous (RR 1.96, 95% CI 1.62-2.37) and multiparous women (RR 2.21, 95% CI 1.77-2.75) but did not lead to more suturing. There were comparable risks of cervical laceration, postpartum haemorrhage, wound complication, birth asphyxia, and admission to neonatal intensive care unit. CONCLUSIONS: Restrictive episiotomy results in more intact perineum in multiparous women. Risks of maternal and neonatal outcomes were comparable between the two practices. These results strengthen the certainty of the existing Cochrane review findings in supporting restrictive episiotomy. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Restrictive episiotomy results in more intact perineums after vaginal birth in multiparous Southeast Asian women.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico , Episiotomia , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Lacerações , Períneo/lesões , Adulto , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Episiotomia/efeitos adversos , Episiotomia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Intraoperatórias/prevenção & controle , Apresentação no Trabalho de Parto , Lacerações/diagnóstico , Lacerações/etiologia , Lacerações/prevenção & controle , Paridade , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Nascimento a Termo , Tailândia
5.
PLoS Med ; 16(12): e1003001, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887169

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Retained placenta following vaginal delivery is a major cause of postpartum haemorrhage. Currently, the only effective treatments for a retained placenta are the surgical procedures of manual removal of placenta (MROP) and uterine curettage, which are not universally available, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. The objective of the trial was to determine whether sublingual nitroglycerin spray was clinically effective and cost-effective for medical treatment of retained placenta following vaginal delivery. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial was undertaken between October 2014 and July 2017 at 29 delivery units in the UK (Edinburgh, Glasgow, Manchester, Newcastle, Preston, Warrington, Chesterfield, Crewe, Durham, West Middlesex, Aylesbury, Furness, Southampton, Bolton, Sunderland, Oxford, Nottingham [2 units], Burnley, Chertsey, Stockton-on-Tees, Middlesborough, Chester, Darlington, York, Reading, Milton Keynes, Telford, Frimley). In total, 1,107 women with retained placenta following vaginal delivery were recruited. The intervention was self-administered 2 puffs of sublingual nitroglycerin (800 µg; intervention, N = 543) or placebo spray (control, N = 564). The primary clinical outcome was the need for MROP, assessed at 15 minutes following administration of the intervention. Analysis was based on the intention-to-treat principle. The primary safety outcome was measured blood loss between study drug administration and transfer to the postnatal ward or other clinical area. The primary patient-sided outcomes were satisfaction with treatment and side-effect profile, assessed by questionnaires pre-discharge and 6 weeks post-delivery. Secondary clinical outcomes were measured at 5 and 15 minutes after study drug administration and prior to hospital discharge. There was no statistically significant or clinically meaningful difference in need for MROP by 15 minutes (primary clinical outcome, 505 [93.3%] for nitroglycerin versus 518 [92.0%] for placebo, odds ratio [OR] 1.01 [95% CI 0.98-1.04], p = 0.393) or blood loss (<500 ml: nitroglycerin, 238 [44.3%], versus placebo, 249 [44.5%]; 500 ml-1,000 ml: nitroglycerin, 180 [33.5%], versus placebo, 224 [40.0%]; >1,000 ml: nitroglycerin, 119 [22.2%], versus placebo, 87 [15.5%]; ordinal OR 1.14 [95% CI 0.88-1.48], p = 0.314) or satisfaction with treatment (nitroglycerin, 288 [75.4%], versus placebo, 303 [78.1%]; OR 0.87 [95% CI 0.62-1.22], p = 0.411) or health service costs (mean difference [£] 55.3 [95% CI -199.20 to 309.79]). Palpitations following drug administration were reported more often in the nitroglycerin group (36 [9.8%] versus 15 [4.0%], OR 2.60 [95% CI 1.40-4.84], p = 0.003). There were 52 serious adverse events during the trial, with no statistically significant difference in likelihood between groups (nitroglycerin, 27 [5.0%], versus placebo, 26 [4.6%]; OR 1.13 [95% CI 0.54-2.38], p = 0.747). The main limitation of our study was the low return rate for the 6-week postnatal questionnaire. There were, however, no differences in questionnaire return rates between study groups or between women who did and did not have MROP, with the patient-reported use of outpatient and primary care services at 6 weeks accounting for only a small proportion (approximately 5%) of overall health service costs. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we found that nitroglycerin is neither clinically effective nor cost-effective as a medical treatment for retained placenta, and has increased side effects, suggesting it should not be used. Further research is required to identify an effective medical treatment for retained placenta to reduce the morbidity caused by this condition, particularly in low- and middle-income countries where surgical management is not available. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN.com ISRCTN88609453 ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02085213.


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício/estatística & dados numéricos , Parto Obstétrico/economia , Nitroglicerina/uso terapêutico , Placenta Retida/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Sublingual , Adulto , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/tratamento farmacológico , Gravidez , Reino Unido
6.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 292, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692903

RESUMO

Face presentation is a rare obstetric event and most practitioners will go through their carriers without ever meeting one. Face presentation can be delivered vaginally only if the foetus is in the mentum anterior position. More than half of the cases of face presentation are delivered by caesarean section. Newborn infants with face presentation usually have severe facial oedema, facial bruising or ecchymosis. These syndromic facial features usually resolved within 24-48 hours.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Edema/patologia , Apresentação no Trabalho de Parto , Camarões , Face , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Lábio , Masculino , Gravidez , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Adulto Jovem
7.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(11): 730-735, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752454

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the safety and effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for selective fetal reduction in complex multiple pregnancies and analyze factors affecting perinatal outcomes. Methods: This was a retrospective case series of 156 patients undergoing selective fetal reduction by RFA in Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from July 22th, 2011 to September 12th, 2018. They were divided into five groups according to surgical indications, including 46 cases in the monochorionic twins discordant for fetal anomalies group, 42 cases in the multiple pregnancies for reducing fetal numbers group, 40 cases in the twin to twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) group, 24 cases in the selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) group and 4 cases in the twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence (TRAPS) group. According to the gestational age at surgery, patients were divided into two groups: the gestational age at surgery <20 weeks group (75 cases) and the gestational age at surgery≥20 weeks group (81 cases). According to the cycles of RFA required for surgery, patients were divided into two groups: one cycle group (124 cases) and ≥2 cycles group (32 cases). Basic information of patients, surgical process, postoperative complications and pregnancy outcomes were recorded. The growth and development of survival newborns were also followed up. Factors affecting perinatal outcomes were analyzed. Results: (1) The median gestational age at procedure of 156 patients was 20 weeks (14(+5)- 29(+1) weeks). The median cycles of RFA was 1 cycle (1-3 cycles), of which one cycle accounted for 79.5% (124/156). (2) Eleven (7.1%, 11/156) patients experienced intrauterine fetal death, 27 (17.3%, 27/156) patients miscarried, and the overall survival rate was 75.6% (118/156). Premature birth rate before 34 weeks was 19.5% (23/118). There were 129 neonates. The median gestational age at delivery was 37(+3) weeks (28(+2)- 41(+1) weeks) with a mean birth weight of (2 657±700) g. (3) Analysis of pregnancy outcomes based on surgical indications found that, the gestational age at delivery [38 weeks (30(+1)-41(+1) weeks), 36(+4) weeks (29- 39 weeks), 36(+4) weeks (28(+2)-39(+5) weeks), 38 weeks (31-39(+6) weeks), 38(+3) weeks (30(+4)-38(+4) weeks)] and neonatal birth weight [(2 820±671), (2 435±416), (2 497±843), (2 998±718), (2 517±1 087) g] were significantly different among fetal anomalies group, reducing fetal numbers group, TTTS group, sIUGR group and TRAPS group, respectively (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the pregnancy outcomes between gestational age at surgery <20 weeks group and gestational age at surgery ≥20 weeks group, or between one cycle group and ≥2 cycles group, respectively (all P>0.05). Conclusions: RFA is a safe and effective procedure in treating complex monochorionic multiple pregnancies. Surgical indications would affect the gestational age at delivery and neonatal outcomes.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Transfusão Feto-Fetal/cirurgia , Redução de Gravidez Multifetal/métodos , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Ablação por Radiofrequência/métodos , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Gêmeos Monozigóticos
8.
Presse Med ; 48(12): 1422-1430, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679895

RESUMO

Pulmonary hypertension in pregnant women is associated with high mortality and morbidity despite significant improvement in prognosis. Women with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) should be still advised against pregnancy and advised on effective contraceptive methods. Pregnancy may be manageable in women with well controlled PAH or mild pulmonary hypertension (sPAP<50mmHg). When women with PAH choose to continue their pregnancy, they need: management by a multidisciplinary team in an expert centre; continuation or early introduction of targeted PAH therapy; early planned delivery.


Assuntos
Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/normas , Aconselhamento Diretivo/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Mortalidade Materna , Cuidado Pré-Concepcional/métodos , Gravidez , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/terapia , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Cuidado Pré-Natal/normas , /terapia , Fatores de Risco , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico
9.
Afr Health Sci ; 19(2): 1833-1840, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656465

RESUMO

Despite the fact that about 94% of pregnant women attend ANC, 95% deliver at health facilities and 99% deliveries are assisted by skilled birth attendants in Botswana, the national Maternal Mortality Rate is still high. Objectives: To determine the trend of MMR at Princess Marina and Nyangabwe referral hospitals before and after EMOC training. Methods: Retrospective longitudinal quantitative study design was used to collect data on maternal deaths. Demographic characteristics, maternal death causes, gestation at ANC registration and pregnancy risks were collected for the period before EMOC training and after training, analysed and compared. Descriptive statistics and frequency tables were used. Findings: Maternal deaths were 33 and 41 before and after EMOC training respectively. Majority of the maternal deaths, 78.8% and 70.7% before and after EMOC training respectively occurred among young women in the reproductive ages. Eclampsia was the commonest cause of maternal death before EMOC between training & and 58% and 66% of maternal deaths before and after EMOC training respectively occurred among women who had attended ANC services four or more times. Conclusion: Maternal deaths at the hospitals remained similar during the two periods. Qualitative studies are needed to determine why EMOC training has not resulted in significant reduction in MMR in Botswana.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade Materna/tendências , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/mortalidade , Complicações na Gravidez/mortalidade , Adulto , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Serviços de Saúde Materna/organização & administração , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/etnologia , Gravidez , Gestantes , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 7715-7719, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609961

RESUMO

BACKGROUND A belief has existed for many years that severe myopia is a direct indication for cesarean section or an instrumental vaginal delivery, although many academic papers negated this opinion. The aim of this study was to analyze the mode of delivery of myopic patients in the years 1990, 2000, and 2010. MATERIAL AND METHODS Medical records of 3027 women in labor from the 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw were analyzed in 3 time periods: year 1990 - group 1 (G1), year 2000 - group 2 (G2), and 2010 - group 3 (G3). Maternal age, severity and proportion of myopia, ophthalmological consultations, and mode of delivery were assessed. RESULTS In G1 there were 992 patients, in G2 there were 1010 patients, and in G3 there were 1025 patients. Myopic women in labor accounted for 20% of G1, 12% of G2, and 20% of G3. The mean maternal age was ±29.4 years in G1, ±30 years in G2, and ±31.5 years in G3. Myopia was divided into 3 levels of severity depending on the degree of refractive error: low myopia -6 DS. The number of ophthalmological examinations needed in myopic patients to decide on the mode of delivery showed an increasing tendency over the evaluated years, but the rates of referrals for cesarean section/assisted delivery decreased. CONCLUSIONS The proportion of myopic women in labor receiving ophthalmological consultations showed an increasing trend over time. Despite publication of the Ophthalmology-Obstetrics Consensus of the Polish Society of Ophthalmology guidelines, myopia still remains an indication for cesarean section (cesarian section), but not to shorten the second stage of delivery.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/tendências , Miopia/complicações , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Adulto , Cesárea , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Trabalho de Parto/fisiologia , Idade Materna , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/epidemiologia , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/fisiopatologia , Polônia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
BMC Res Notes ; 12(1): 651, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601235

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess knowledge about neonatal danger signs and associated factors among mothers who gave birth in the last 4 months attending immunization services. RESULT: The study recruited 432 mothers to participate. A knowledge score of neonatal danger signs was found [32.9% (95% CI 28.9%, 37%)]. Mothers educated to secondary level were 4.9 times more likely to know about neonatal danger signs [(AOR = 4.9, 95% CI (1.15, 21). Similarly, mothers whose husband educated to college and above [AOR = 4.95, 95% CI (1.15, 21)], and being multipara mother [(AOR = 2.59, 95% CI (1.05, 6.6)], were factors significantly associated with good knowledge of mothers about neonatal danger signs.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Imunização/métodos , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mães/psicologia , Parto , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Cônjuges/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
BMC Med ; 17(1): 184, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The healthcare system can be understood as the dynamic result of the interaction of hospitals, patients, providers, and government configuring a complex network of reciprocal influences. In order to better understand such a complex system, the analysis must include characteristics that are feasible to be studied in order to redesign its functioning. The analysis of the emergent patterns of pregnant women flows crossing municipal borders for birth-related hospitalizations in a region of São Paulo, Brazil, allowed to examine the functionality of the regional division in the state using a complex systems approach and to propose answers to the dilemma of concentration vs. distribution of maternal care regional services in the context of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). METHODS: Cross-sectional research of the areas of influence of hospitals using spatial interaction methods, recording the points of origin and destination of the patients and exploring the emergent patterns of displacement. RESULTS: The resulting functional region is broader than the limits established in the legal provisions, verifying that 85% of patients move to hospitals with high technology to perform normal deliveries and cesarean sections. The region has high independence rates and behaves as a "service exporter." Patients going to centrally located hospitals travel twice as long as patients who receive care in other municipalities even when the patients' conditions do not demand technologically sophisticated services. The effects of regulation and the agents' preferences reinforce the tendency to refer patients to centrally located hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: Displacement of patients during delivery may affect indicators of maternal and perinatal health. The emergent pattern of movements allowed examining the contradiction between wider deployments of services versus concentration of highly specialized resources in a few places. The study shows the potential of this type of analysis applied to other type of patients' flows, such as cancer or specialized surgery, as tools to guide the regionalization of the Brazilian Health System.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Clínicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Transferência de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Cidades/epidemiologia , Cidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Clínicos/organização & administração , Procedimentos Clínicos/normas , Estudos Transversais , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Assistência à Saúde/normas , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/normas , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Materna/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Materna/normas , Transferência de Pacientes/organização & administração , Gravidez , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise de Sistemas , Transporte de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 40: e20180464, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531594

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the experiences of obstetric nurses accomplishing the delivery under a low light environment. METHODS: Qualitative, exploratory and descriptive study. An interview was carried with eight obstetrical nurses at a municipal hospital in São Paulo between December 2015 and March 2016. Data was analyzed using content thematic analysis proposed by Bardin. RESULTS: Three themes were studied: 1- Benefits attributed to low light in the delivery room; 2- Difficulties attributed to low light in the delivery room and 3- Effects of low light on the performance of the professional. CONCLUSIONS: Low light may facilitate the delivery and increase attention to the moment experienced by the woman and her baby, providing autonomy for the woman and humanized care on the part of the team. The sector's work dynamics and the lack of familiarity with the method have emerged as difficulties, on the part of some professionals and parturients.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Salas de Parto , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Iluminação , Enfermagem Obstétrica , Adulto , Feminino , Ambiente de Instituições de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa
14.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(9): 582-587, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550773

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect of induced labor on delivery outcome of pregnant women undergoing vaginal trial of labor after cesarean section. Methods: Totally, 173 pregnant women undergoing vaginal trial of labor after cesarean from April 1st, 2016 to October 31st, 2017 were involved. According to whether or not induced labor, pregnant women were divided into induced labor group (n=47) and natural labor group (n=126). The two groups of the general situation, the situation of delivery and delivery outcome were compared. Further more, the induced labor group were divided into cesarean section patients (n=20) and vaginal delivery patients (n=27) based on pregnancy outcomes, induction situation and delivery situation were analyzed. Results: (1) The gestational weeks was 39.2±1.1 in induced labor group, 38.7±1.0 in natural labor group. The 1-minute Apgar score was 9.98±0.15 in induced labor group, and 9.87±0.60 in natural labor group. The neonatal weight was (3 497±426) g in induced labor group, and (3 288±350) g in natural labor group. The thickness of lower uterine segment at 36-39 weeks of pregnancy was (2.4±0.6) mm in induced labor group, (2.1±0.6) mm in natural labor group. There were obviously differences in the gestational week, the 1-minute Apgar score, the neonatal weight and the thickness of lower uterine segment at 36-39 weeks of pregnancy between the two groups (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in 5-minute Apgar score, the interval between previous cesarean delivery, postpartum hemorrhage, fetal distress, and intrauterine infection, secondary uterine inertia, placental abruption and uterine ruption between the two groups (all P>0.05). (2) In induced labor group, the cervical score of cesarean section patients was 3.8±1.7, while the cervical score of vaginal delivery patients was 5.2±1.7. The induced labor days of cesarean section patients was (1.6±0.9) days, while the induced labor days of vaginal delivery patients was (1.2±0.4) days. There were obviously differences in the cervical score and the induced labor days among the two subgroup patients (all P<0.05). There were no significiant differences in Apgar score, neonatal weight, the thickness of lower uterine segment at 36-39 gestational weeks and the interval times of previous cesarean delivery between the two subgroup patients (P>0.05). Conclusion: Induction of labor does not reduce neonatal Apgar score, and does not increase the incidence of postpartum complications, and eliminats the increase of cesarean section rate caused by increased gestational weeks and fetal enlargement, and increases the vaginal delivery rate of pregnant women undergoing vaginal trail of labor after cesarean section.


Assuntos
Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho de Parto Induzido/métodos , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Prova de Trabalho de Parto , Nascimento Vaginal Após Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Trabalho de Parto Induzido/efeitos adversos , Trabalho de Parto , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Gravidez
15.
N Z Med J ; 132(1502): 11-15, 2019 09 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563923

RESUMO

AIM: To define the range and severity of cardiac disease in pregnant women in New Zealand, as well as the maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality compared with the background obstetric population. METHODS: We retrospectively audited pregnant women with cardiac comorbidity seen by a multidisciplinary team at a tertiary referral centre consisting of midwives, cardiologists, obstetricians and anaesthetists in 2016-2017. RESULTS: Seventy-two women were referred to the multidisciplinary team. The most common referral reasons were arrhythmia (n=20, 27.8%), congenital anomalies (n=19, 26.4%) and palpitations (n=10, 13.9%). Fifty-two of these women were found to be at increased risk of morbidity or mortality. A specific delivery plan was devised for 37 of these women (69.8%). There was no serious maternal morbidity or mortality. Instrumental delivery rates were higher for women with cardiac comorbidity than the background obstetric population (19.2% vs 10.8%, p=0.049), however, neonatal admissions were not increased (11.5% compared with 16.5%). CONCLUSION: Multidisciplinary review of obstetric patients with cardiac disease provides an important service to ensure risk modification prior to conception and throughout pregnancy and the puerperium.


Assuntos
Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Parto Obstétrico , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez , Adulto , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/classificação , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/etnologia , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/terapia , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Melhoria de Qualidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Atenção Terciária à Saúde/métodos , Atenção Terciária à Saúde/organização & administração
16.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 53: e03518, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508732

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To verify students' knowledge about individual birth planning and learn their opinion about the use of this teaching-learning strategy for good obstetric practices. METHOD: This is a descriptive study conducted with midwifery students who made primary health care internships. Data collection was performed digitally from 01/2017 to 05/2017 through the Google Forms®Platform. The analysis was performed by descriptive categorization statistics of statements. The study followed the required ethical standards. RESULTS: The form was sent to 97 students and answered by 40% of them. All respondents reported knowing the birth planning, and 87% applied it during prenatal care. The most frequent (45%) points about the birth plan were those that promoted women's empowerment and autonomy. The most cited methodological suggestions for its application were to focus on content (76%) and increase the number of meetings (50%). Individual birth planning was recognized by 79% of the participants as an important teaching strategy. CONCLUSION: In addition to knowing birth planning and applying it, the students consider it very relevant for teaching and learning good obstetrical practices.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Tocologia/educação , Enfermeiras Obstétricas/educação , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Parto , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Ensino
17.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 19(1): 339, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533640

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is broad agreement that antenatal care (ANC) interventions, skilled attendance at birth and management of complications arising after delivery are key strategies that can tackle the high burden of maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. In Kenya, utilisation rate of these services has remained low despite a government policy on free maternal care. The present study sought to understand what factors are leading to the low healthcare seeking during pregnancy, child birth and postnatal period in Siaya County in Kenya. METHODS: Six Focus Group Discussions were conducted with 50 women attending ANC in 6 public primary healthcare facilities. Participants were drawn from a sample of 200 women who were eligible participants in a Conditional Cash Transfer project aimed at increasing utilization of healthcare services during pregnancy and postnatal period. Interviews were conducted at the health facilities, recorded, transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Multiple factors beyond the commonly reported distance to health facility and lack of transportation and finances explained the low utilization of services. Emergent themes included a lack of understanding of the role of ANC beyond the treatment of regular ailments. Women with no complicated pregnancies therefore missed or went in late for the visits. A missed health visit contributed to future missed visits, not just for ANC but also for facility delivery and postnatal care. The underlying cause of this relationship was a fear of reprimand from the health staff and denial of care. The negative attitude of the health workers explained the pervasive fear expressed by the participants, as well as being on its own a reason for not making the visits. The effect was not just on the woman with the negative experience, but spiraled and affected the decision of other women and their social networks. CONCLUSIONS: The complexity of the barriers to healthcare visits implies that narrow focused solutions are unlikely to succeed. Instead, there should broad-based solutions that focus on the entire continuum of maternal care with a special focus on ANC. There is an urgent need to shift the negative attitude of healthcare workers towards their clients.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico , Parto Domiciliar/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Cuidado Pós-Natal , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/normas , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Quênia/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Materna , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidado Pós-Natal/métodos , Cuidado Pós-Natal/normas , Cuidado Pós-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal/organização & administração , Cuidado Pré-Natal/normas , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Melhoria de Qualidade
18.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1632019 09 09.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556492

RESUMO

Since the publication of the results of the Term Breech Trial (TBT) in 2000 the number of planned Caesarean sections for breech presentation has increased dramatically, at the expense of vaginal breech deliveries. The favourable effect of a planned Caesarean section for breech presentation on perinatal outcomes described in the TBT could not, however, be reproduced in later trials. A planned Caesarean section does carry an increased risk of maternal complications; furthermore, a previous Caesarean section leads to higher risks for both mother and child in any subsequent pregnancy. A recent prospective study advocates vaginal breech delivery 'on all fours', a position in which the mother leans on her hands and knees during delivery. A vaginal breech delivery in this position seems to be just as safe for the child as a planned Caesarean section, while a vaginal delivery is safer for the mother than a Caesarean section. This article describes two uncomplicated vaginal breech deliveries in the all fours position.


Assuntos
Apresentação Pélvica/terapia , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Trabalho de Parto , Posicionamento do Paciente/métodos , Adulto , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
J Korean Med Sci ; 34(37): e238, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) show a higher rate of cesarean section (CS) compared with healthy women. In this study, we determined the effects of pregnancy and delivery methods on AS worsening by analyzing prescription patterns. METHODS: The subjects were women with AS aged 20-49 years listed in the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service claims database. Change in treatment was defined as change in prescriptions 1-2 years before delivery or 1 year after delivery. We compared change in prescriptions between AS women with delivery or without delivery (1:1 matched). Moreover, we evaluated change in prescriptions according to delivery method among AS women with delivery. RESULTS: A total of 6,821 women with AS were included. Women in the delivery group (n = 996) were younger and showed less drug use and lower comorbidity rates than those in the no delivery group. Change in prescriptions did not differ between the delivery and no delivery groups (odds ratio [OR], 0.76; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.56-1.05). Furthermore, the overall change in prescriptions did not significantly differ between vaginal delivery (VD) and CS (OR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.45-1.14). CONCLUSION: The rate of change in prescriptions was comparable between AS patients with and without delivery. There was no association between the method of delivery and change in prescription. Therefore, pregnancy and VD may not be the factors associated with AS worsening.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Cesárea , Bases de Dados Factuais , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , República da Coreia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Lancet ; 394(10204): 1181-1190, 2019 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In women with late preterm pre-eclampsia, the optimal time to initiate delivery is unclear because limitation of maternal disease progression needs to be balanced against infant complications. The aim of this trial was to determine whether planned earlier initiation of delivery reduces maternal adverse outcomes without substantial worsening of neonatal or infant outcomes, compared with expectant management (usual care) in women with late preterm pre-eclampsia. METHODS: In this parallel-group, non-masked, multicentre, randomised controlled trial done in 46 maternity units across England and Wales, we compared planned delivery versus expectant management (usual care) with individual randomisation in women with late preterm pre-eclampsia from 34 to less than 37 weeks' gestation and a singleton or dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy. The co-primary maternal outcome was a composite of maternal morbidity or recorded systolic blood pressure of at least 160 mm Hg with a superiority hypothesis. The co-primary perinatal outcome was a composite of perinatal deaths or neonatal unit admission up to infant hospital discharge with a non-inferiority hypothesis (non-inferiority margin of 10% difference in incidence). Analyses were by intention to treat, together with a per-protocol analysis for the perinatal outcome. The trial was prospectively registered with the ISRCTN registry, ISRCTN01879376. The trial is closed to recruitment but follow-up is ongoing. FINDINGS: Between Sept 29, 2014, and Dec 10, 2018, 901 women were recruited. 450 women (448 women and 471 infants analysed) were allocated to planned delivery and 451 women (451 women and 475 infants analysed) to expectant management. The incidence of the co-primary maternal outcome was significantly lower in the planned delivery group (289 [65%] women) compared with the expectant management group (338 [75%] women; adjusted relative risk 0·86, 95% CI 0·79-0·94; p=0·0005). The incidence of the co-primary perinatal outcome by intention to treat was significantly higher in the planned delivery group (196 [42%] infants) compared with the expectant management group (159 [34%] infants; 1·26, 1·08-1·47; p=0·0034). The results from the per-protocol analysis were similar. There were nine serious adverse events in the planned delivery group and 12 in the expectant management group. INTERPRETATION: There is strong evidence to suggest that planned delivery reduces maternal morbidity and severe hypertension compared with expectant management, with more neonatal unit admissions related to prematurity but no indicators of greater neonatal morbidity. This trade-off should be discussed with women with late preterm pre-eclampsia to allow shared decision making on timing of delivery. FUNDING: National Institute for Health Research Health Technology Assessment Programme.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Trabalho de Parto Induzido , Pré-Eclâmpsia/terapia , Nascimento Prematuro , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Gerenciamento Clínico , Inglaterra , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação , Morte Materna , Morbidade , Morte Perinatal , Gravidez , País de Gales , Adulto Jovem
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