Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 8.152
Filtrar
1.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 40(11): 1740-1748, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724415

RESUMO

With the passage of the Affordable Care Act, states were given the option to expand their Medicaid programs. Since then, thirty-eight states and Washington, D.C., have done so. Previous work has identified the widespread effects of expansion on enrollment and the financial implications for individuals, hospitals, and the federal government, yet administrative expenditures have not been considered. Using data from all fifty states for the period 2007-17, our study estimated the effects of Medicaid expansion overall, as well as differing effects by the size and nature of the expansions. Using a quasi-experimental approach, we found no overall effect of expansion on administrative spending. However, the size of the expansion may have produced differing effects. States with small expansions experienced some increases in administrative spending, whereas states with large expansions experienced some decreases in administrative spending, including a $77 reduction in per enrollee administrative spending compared with nonexpansion states. As more states consider expanding their Medicaid programs, our findings provide evidence of potential effects.


Assuntos
Medicaid , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Governo Federal , Gastos em Saúde , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Washington
2.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 40(11): 1706-1712, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724427

RESUMO

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) relies on insurers to offer health plans in the individual health insurance Marketplaces. Since the ACA's implementation, levels of Marketplace competition have varied, reaching a nadir in 2018. We examined the characteristics of counties that experienced changes in insurers' participation in the ACA Marketplaces from 2016 to 2021. Using data from the Kaiser Family Foundation and other sources, we found that 1,968 counties (accounting for 66 percent of the US population younger than age sixty-five) have more insurers in 2021 than in 2018, whereas only twelve counties (comprising 0.4 percent of the US nonelderly population) have fewer insurers. The number of counties with monopolist Marketplace insurers declined from 1,616 in 2018 to 294 in 2021. Recent Marketplace insurer gains were more likely in counties that lost insurers from 2016 to 2018 or had a monopolist insurer in 2018. Increased competition may lead to lower gross premiums in the ACA Marketplaces. Given the Biden administration's support for the ACA Marketplaces, it appears likely that the ACA individual health insurance market will be stable and profitable for the next several years.


Assuntos
Trocas de Seguro de Saúde , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Humanos , Seguradoras , Cobertura do Seguro , Seguro Saúde , Estados Unidos
4.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 40(11): 1713-1721, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724430

RESUMO

The Affordable Care Act provides tax credits for Marketplace insurance, but before 2021, families with incomes above four times the federal poverty level did not qualify for tax credits and could face substantial financial burdens when purchasing coverage. As a measure of affordability, we calculated potential Marketplace premiums as a percentage of family income among families with incomes of 401-600 percent of poverty. In 2015 half of this middle-class population would have paid at least 7.7 percent of their income for the lowest-cost bronze plan; in 2019 they would have paid at least 11.3 percent of their income. By 2019 half of the near-elderly ages 55-64 would have paid at least 18.9 percent of their income for the lowest-cost bronze plan in their area. The American Rescue Plan Act temporarily expanded tax credit eligibility for 2021 and 2022, but our results suggest that families with incomes of 401-600 percent of poverty will again face substantial financial burdens after the temporary subsidies expire.


Assuntos
Trocas de Seguro de Saúde , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Idoso , Custos e Análise de Custo , Definição da Elegibilidade , Humanos , Cobertura do Seguro , Seguro Saúde , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estados Unidos
5.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 40(11): 1722-1730, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724431

RESUMO

In 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic caused millions to lose their jobs and, consequently, their employer-sponsored health insurance. Enacted in 2010, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) created safeguards for such events by expanding Medicaid coverage and establishing Marketplaces through which people could purchase health insurance. Using a novel national data set with information on ACA-compliant individual insurance plans, we found large increases in Marketplace enrollment in 2020 compared with 2019 but with varying percentage increases and spending risk implications across states. States that did not expand Medicaid had enrollment and spending risk increases. States that expanded Medicaid but did not relax 2020 Marketplace enrollment criteria also had spending risk increases. In contrast, states that expanded Medicaid and relaxed 2020 enrollment criteria experienced enrollment increases without spending risk changes. The findings are reassuring with respect to the ability of Marketplaces to buffer employment shocks, but they also provide cautionary signals that risks and premiums could begin to rise either in the absence of Medicaid expansion or when Marketplace enrollment is constrained.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Trocas de Seguro de Saúde , Humanos , Cobertura do Seguro , Seguro Saúde , Medicaid , Pandemias , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , SARS-CoV-2 , Estados Unidos
6.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 540, 2021 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Unmet oral health needs routinely affect low-income communities. Lower-income adults suffer a disproportionate share of dental disease and often cannot access necessary oral surgery services. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid expansion created new financial opportunities for community health centers (CHCs) to provide mission-relevant services in low-income areas. However, little is understood in the literature about how the ACA Medicaid expansion impacted oral surgery delivery at CHCs. Using a large sample of CHCs, we examined whether the ACA Medicaid expansion increased the likelihood of oral surgery delivery at expansion-state CHCs compared to non-expansion-state CHCs. METHODS: Exploiting a natural experiment, we estimated Poisson regression models examining the effects of the Medicaid expansion on the likelihood of oral surgery delivery at expansion-state CHCs relative to non-expansion-state CHCs. We merged data from multiple sources spanning 2012-2017. The analytic sample included 2054 CHC-year observations. RESULTS: Compared to the year prior to expansion, expansion-state CHCs were 13.5% less likely than non-expansion-state CHCs to provide additional oral surgery services in 2016 (IRR = 0.865; P = 0.06) and 14.7% less likely in 2017 (IRR = 0.853; P = 0.02). All else equal, and relative to non-expansion-state CHCs, expansion-state CHCs included in the analytic sample were 8.7% less likely to provide oral surgery services in all post-expansion years pooled together (IRR = 0.913; P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Medicaid expansions can provide CHCs with opportunities to expand their patient revenue and services. However, whether because of known dental treatment capacity limitations, new competition, or coordination with other providers, expansion-state CHCs in our study sample were less likely to provide oral surgery services on the margin relative to non-expansion-state CHCs following Medicaid expansion.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Adulto , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Cobertura do Seguro , Medicaid , Saúde Pública , Estados Unidos
8.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 40(10): 1637-1643, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606344

RESUMO

Addressing health inequities for racial and ethnic minority populations is challenging. After passage of the Affordable Care Act, Michigan launched its Healthy Michigan Plan, which expanded Medicaid eligibility in the state. Our evaluation of the expansion provided the opportunity to study its impact on racial and ethnic minority groups, including Arab American and Chaldean American enrollees, an understudied population. Using data from telephone surveys collected in 2016, 2017, and 2018, we conducted an analysis to study the plan's impact on access to a regular source of care and health status among racial and ethnic minority groups. More than 90 percent of respondents of all racial and ethnic groups reported having a regular source of care after plan enrollment compared with 74.4 percent before enrollment. Respondents who identified as non-Hispanic White, African American, and Hispanic reported improvements in health status after plan enrollment. Our study demonstrates the potential of health insurance access to narrow health inequities between racial and ethnic groups.


Assuntos
Grupos Étnicos , Medicaid , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Michigan , Grupos Minoritários , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Autorrelato , Estados Unidos
9.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 40(10): 1618-1626, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606350

RESUMO

Insurance disruptions before, during, and after pregnancy are common in the United States, but little is known about the enrollment patterns of pregnant people in the Affordable Care Act Marketplaces. Data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System from the period 2016-18 show that among respondents enrolled in Marketplace coverage, approximately one-third reported continuous Marketplace enrollment from preconception through the postpartum period. Compared with respondents who were continuously enrolled in Marketplace coverage from preconception through postpartum, respondents who enrolled in Marketplace plans during pregnancy had a 10.8 percent lower rate of adequate prenatal care, a 6.4 percent lower rate of timely prenatal care initiation, and a 13.2 percent lower rate of having twelve or more prenatal care visits. Policies that promote continuity of coverage during pregnancy, such as designating pregnancy as a qualifying event for a Marketplace open enrollment period, may enable pregnant people to enroll in Marketplace coverage early in their pregnancies and thus enhance access to prenatal care.


Assuntos
Trocas de Seguro de Saúde , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Feminino , Humanos , Cobertura do Seguro , Seguro Saúde , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Estados Unidos
10.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 40(10): 1605-1611, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606358

RESUMO

Poor perinatal mental health is a common pregnancy-related morbidity with potentially serious impacts that extend beyond the individual to their family. A possible contributing factor to poor perinatal mental health is discontinuity in health insurance coverage, which is particularly important among low-income people. We examined impacts of Medicaid expansion on prepregnancy depression screening and self-reported depression and postpartum depressive symptoms and well-being among low-income people giving birth. Medicaid expansion was associated with a 16 percent decline in self-reported prepregnancy depression but was not associated with postpartum depressive symptoms or well-being. Associations between Medicaid expansion and prepregnancy mental health measures increased with time since expansion. Expanding health insurance coverage to low-income people before pregnancy may improve perinatal mental health.


Assuntos
Medicaid , Saúde Mental , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Cobertura do Seguro , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Gravidez , Estados Unidos
11.
Pain ; 162(11): 2693-2704, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652321

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Pain is a major health problem among U.S. young adults. The passage of the Affordable Care Act's young adult mandate in 2010 allowed individuals to remain on their parents' health insurance until age 26. Although studies have documented the positive effects of this mandate on various health outcomes, less is known about its association with self-reported pain among young adults. Using the 2002 to 2018 National Health Interview Survey (N = 48,053) and a difference-in-differences approach, we compared the probabilities of reporting pain at 5 sites (low back, joint, neck, headache/migraine, and facial/jaw) and the number of pain sites between mandate eligible (ages 20-25) and ineligible (ages 26-30) adults before and after the mandate. In fully adjusted models, the mandate was associated with a decline of 2 percentage points in the probability of reporting pain at any site (marginal effect, -0.02; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.05 to -0.002; weighted sample proportion, 0.37) and in the number of pain sites (coefficient, -0.07; 95% CI, -0.11 to -0.01; weighted sample average, 0.62). These results were primarily driven by the association between the mandate and the probability of reporting low back pain (marginal effect, -0.03; 95% CI, -0.05 to -0.01; weighted sample proportion, 0.20). Additional analyses revealed that the mandate was associated with improvements in access to care and reductions in risk factors for pain-including chronic conditions and risky health behaviors. To the extent that the results are generalizable to other health insurance programs, removing financial barriers to medical care may help reduce pain prevalence.


Assuntos
Cobertura do Seguro , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Adulto , Humanos , Seguro Saúde , Dor/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Inquiry ; 58: 469580211042973, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619998

RESUMO

The 2016 US presidential election created uncertainty about the future of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and led to postponed implementation of certain provisions, reduced funding for outreach, and the removal of the individual mandate tax penalty. In this article, we estimate how the causal impact of the ACA on insurance coverage changed during 2017 through 2019, the first 3 years of the Trump administration, compared to 2016. Data come from the 2011-2019 waves of the American Community Survey (ACS), with the sample restricted to non-elderly adults. Our model leverages variation in treatment intensity from state Medicaid expansion decisions and pre-ACA uninsured rates. We find that the coverage gains from the components of the law that took effect nationally-such as the individual mandate and regulations and subsidies in the private non-group market-fell from 5 percentage points in 2016 to 3.6 percentage points in 2019. In contrast, the coverage gains from the Medicaid expansion increased in 2017 (7.0 percentage points) before returning to the 2016 level of coverage gains in 2019 (5.9 percentage points). The net effect of the ACA in expansion states is a combination of these trends, with coverage gains falling from 10.8 percentage points in 2016 to 9.6 percentage points in 2019.


Assuntos
Seguro Saúde , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Adulto , Humanos , Cobertura do Seguro , Medicaid , Pessoas sem Cobertura de Seguro de Saúde , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estados Unidos
14.
Inquiry ; 58: 469580211050213, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648721

RESUMO

We use the National Health Interview Survey from 2010 to 2017 and a difference-in-differences approach to assess the impact of the Affordable Care Cct (ACA) Medicaid expansion on coverage and access to care for a subset of low-income parents who were already eligible for Medicaid when the ACA was passed. Any gains in coverage would typically be expected to improve access to and affordability of care, but there were concerns that by increasing the total population with coverage and thereby straining provider capacity, that the ACA would reduce access to care for individuals who were already eligible for Medicaid prior to the passage of the law. We found that the expansion reduced uninsurance among previously eligible parents by 12.6 percentage points, or a 40 percent decline from their 2012-2013 uninsurance rate. Moreover, these effects grew stronger over time with a 55 percent decline in uninsurance 2 to 3 years following expansion. Though we identified very few statistically significant impacts of the expansion on affordability of care, descriptive estimates show substantial declines in unmet needs due to cost and problems paying family medical bills. Descriptively, we find no significant increases in provider access problems for previously eligible parents, and very limited evidence that the Medicaid expansion was associated with more constrained provider capacity. Though sample size constraints were likely a factor in our ability to identify impacts on access and affordability measures, our overall findings suggest that the ACA Medicaid expansion positively affected our sample of low-income parents who met pre-ACA Medicaid eligibility criteria.


Assuntos
Medicaid , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Cobertura do Seguro , Seguro Saúde , Pais , Estados Unidos
15.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 1186, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34717616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Following the ACA, millions of people gained Medicaid insurance. Most electronic health record (EHR) tools to date provide clinical-decision support and tracking of clinical biomarkers, we developed an EHR tool to support community health center (CHC) staff in assisting patients with health insurance enrollment documents and tracking insurance application steps. The objective of this study was to test the effectiveness of the health insurance support tool in (1) assisting uninsured patients gaining insurance coverage, (2) ensuring insurance continuity for patients with Medicaid insurance (preventing coverage gaps between visits); and (3) improving receipt of cancer preventive care. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, twenty-three clinics received the intervention (EHR-based insurance support tool) and were matched to 23 comparison clinics. CHCs were recruited from the OCHIN network. EHR data were linked to Medicaid enrollment data. The primary outcomes were rates of uninsured and Medicaid visits. The secondary outcomes were receipt of recommended breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screenings. A comparative interrupted time-series using Poisson generalized estimated equation (GEE) modeling was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of the EHR-based tool on the primary and secondary outcomes. RESULTS: Immediately following implementation of the enrollment tool, the uninsured visit rate decreased by 21.0% (Adjusted Rate Ratio [RR] = 0.790, 95% CI = 0.621-1.005, p = .055) while Medicaid-insured visits increased by 4.5% (ARR = 1.045, 95% CI = 1.013-1.079) in the intervention group relative to comparison group. Cervical cancer preventive ratio increased 5.0% (ARR = 1.050, 95% CI = 1.009-1.093) immediately following implementation of the enrollment tool in the intervention group relative to comparison group. Among patients with a tool use, 81% were enrolled in Medicaid 12 months after tool use. For the 19% who were never enrolled in Medicaid following tool use, most were uninsured (44%) at the time of tool use. CONCLUSIONS: A health insurance support tool embedded within the EHR can effectively support clinic staff in assisting patients in maintaining their Medicaid coverage. Such tools may also have an indirect impact on evidence-based practice interventions, such as cancer screening. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was retrospectively registered on February 4th, 2015 with Clinicaltrials.gov (#NCT02355262). The registry record can be found at https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02355262 .


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Saúde Pública , Centros Comunitários de Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Cobertura do Seguro , Seguro Saúde , Medicaid , Pessoas sem Cobertura de Seguro de Saúde , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Estados Unidos
16.
J Manag Care Spec Pharm ; 27(10): 1332-1340, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In 2014, qualified health plans sold in the Affordable Care Act (ACA) marketplaces were accused of providing drug coverage that was too restrictive and costly. After the change in administration in 2016, efforts to repeal portions of the ACA led to increases in premiums, decreases in enrollment, and overall uncertainty. OBJECTIVE: To examine how the number of formulary tiers and medication cost sharing, as well as transparency around these aspects, in qualified bronze and silver health plans in California, Florida, and Illinois changed from 2014 to 2018. METHODS: A search of all bronze and silver qualified health plans in California, Florida, and Illinois was performed in 2014 and in 2018 through the marketplace and issuer websites. RESULTS: From 2014 to 2018, the total number of bronze and silver qualified health plans offered in California, Florida, and Illinois remained relatively stable (36 to 35, 123 to 122, and 60 to 74, respectively). Over the same time period, the median number of formulary tiers remained constant for California and Florida (four and five) and increased from five to seven for Illinois. Of note, most Illinois plans shifted from a formulary with five or fewer tiers (92% of plans) to seven tiers (73% of plans) between 2014 and 2018. There was also an increase in the use of coinsurance instead of copay for each of the four following formulary tiers: generic (19% to 27% of plans), preferred brand (21% to 38%), nonpreferred brand (33% to 52%), and specialty (76% to 91%). Additionally, there was an increase in the median coinsurance rates for each of the aforementioned tiers: 0% to 25%, 0% to 35%, 30% to 40%, and 30% to 40%, respectively. The proportion of plans that provided their formularies on the marketplace website increased from 82% to 97% from 2014 to 2018, with the increase mostly driven by California plans (0% to 80%). There was a small increase in the proportion of plans that reported medication cost sharing through the medical benefit from 2014 (19%) to 2018 (25%). CONCLUSIONS: Between 2014 and 2018, qualified health plans increased their use of formularies with greater numbers of tiers, the use of coinsurance for each tier, and higher coinsurance rates. Availability of formularies on marketplace websites increased, but cost sharing transparency for medications covered by the medical benefit could greatly improve. DISCLOSURES: No funding supported this study. Hung reports past employment by Blue Cross Blue Shield Association, CVS Health, and a grant from PhRMA outside of the submitted work. She was an intern at the Biotechnology Industry Organization when this work began. Sauvageau has no disclosures. This work was presented as a poster at the AMCP 2018 Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy Annual Meeting; April 23-26, 2018; Boston, MA.


Assuntos
Dedutíveis e Cosseguros , Formulários Farmacêuticos como Assunto , Seguro de Serviços Farmacêuticos/tendências , Revelação da Verdade , California , Custos de Medicamentos , Florida , Humanos , Illinois , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
17.
Health Soc Work ; 46(4): 250-259, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617997

RESUMO

This study examines past-year unmet healthcare need due to cost experienced by transgender and gender-expansive (TGE) adults in the United States in the context of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). It also aims to estimate the importance of having health insurance among TGE Americans (transgender men, transgender women, nonbinary/genderqueer people, and cross-dressers). Data were from the 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey (N = 19,157 adults, aged 25 to 64 years). Multivariable logistic regression models were used to determine the adjusted odds ratios (AOR) and 95 percent confidence intervals (CI) of TGE individuals' past-year unmet healthcare need due to cost. Although the majority (86.8 percent) reported seeing a doctor or healthcare provider in the past year, 32.1 percent reported past-year unmet healthcare need due to cost. One in six respondents (17.1 percent) was uninsured and almost one-third (29.8 percent) were at/near poverty. The prevalence of unmet healthcare need was greater among the uninsured (65.1 percent) than among the insured (25.2 percent). Compared with transgender women, nonbinary/genderqueer people (AOR = 1.31, 95% CI [1.18, 1.46]) and transgender men (AOR = 1.30, 95% CI [1.18, 1.42]) had greater odds of unmet healthcare need due to cost. Social workers can lobby to fully enact the ACA by underscoring affordability and availability as important dimensions of healthcare access for TGE populations.


Assuntos
Pessoas Transgênero , Adulto , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Seguro Saúde , Masculino , Pessoas sem Cobertura de Seguro de Saúde , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Estados Unidos
18.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 40(11): 1680-1681, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34637347

RESUMO

The Affordable Care Act served as a pandemic safety net. Congress and the White House aim to further expand the law.


Assuntos
Cobertura do Seguro , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Humanos , Seguro Saúde , Medicaid , Estados Unidos
19.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 40(9): 1420-1429, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495735

RESUMO

Political orientation can be a powerful motivator of certain health care decisions. This study examines how political orientation was associated with decisions to use the Affordable Care Act Marketplaces to enroll in nongroup health insurance plans and whether it was also associated with adverse financial consequences. We used administrative records and surveys of nongroup Marketplace enrollees from a large insurer in New England. Enrollees were categorized as Republican, Democrat, or independent through self-identification or were assigned to one of the political parties after responding to a political preference question. Republican enrollees were less likely than Democratic enrollees of comparable subsidy eligibility to enroll through the Marketplaces and receive subsidies. Among income-eligible enrollees, Republican subscribers received $66 per month less in premium subsidies than Democratic subscribers, equivalent to roughly $800 per year. However, this result varied by subgroups in the parties, and our results suggest that party effects on decision making may inversely relate to the magnitude of the financial consequence. Navigating the ongoing political polarization in the United States requires optimizing public policies, as well as the associated education and outreach, to ensure maximal efficacy regardless of political orientation.


Assuntos
Trocas de Seguro de Saúde , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Humanos , Seguradoras , Cobertura do Seguro , Seguro Saúde , New England , Política , Estados Unidos
20.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 920, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) enabled millions of people to gain coverage that was expected to improve access to healthcare services. However, it is unclear the extent of the policy's impact on Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC) and the patients they served. This study sought to understand FQHC administrators' views on the ACA's impact on their patient population and organization. It specifically explores FQHC administrators' perspective on 1) patients' experience with gaining coverage 2) their ability to meet patients' healthcare needs. METHODS: Twenty-two semi-structured interviews were conducted with administrators from FQHCs in urban counties in 2 Medicaid-expanded states (Arizona and California) and 1 non-expanded state (Texas). An inductive thematic analysis approach was used to analyze the interview data. RESULTS: All FQHC administrators reported uninsured patients were more likely to gain coverage from Medicaid than from private health insurance. Insured patients generally experienced an improvement in accessing healthcare services but depended on their plan's covered services, FQHCs' capacity to meet demand, and specialist providers' willingness to accept their coverage type. CONCLUSION: Gaining coverage helped improved newly insured patients' access to care, but limitations remained. Additional policies are required to better address the gaps in the depth of covered services in Medicaid and the most affordable PHI plans and capacity of providers to meet demand to ensure beneficiaries can fully access the health care services they need.


Assuntos
Cobertura do Seguro , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Arizona , California , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Medicaid , Pessoas sem Cobertura de Seguro de Saúde , Texas , Estados Unidos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...