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4.
Anaesth Intensive Care ; 47(3_suppl): 6-16, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674197

RESUMO

Dr Ian Hamilton McDonald (1923-2019) was a pioneer of paediatric anaesthesia and intensive care at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne. He first started working at the hospital in the 1940s, later doing further training from 1953-1955 at the Nuffield Department of Anaesthesia in Oxford under Sir Robert Macintosh. McDonald returned to Melbourne as assistant director supporting Dr Margaret (Gretta) McClelland as the director of anaesthesia, together pioneering the development of a major paediatric anaesthesia department. McDonald, along with Dr John Stocks (1930-1974), was intimately involved in pioneering prolonged nasotracheal intubation in children, following on from earlier work by Dr Bernard Brandstater (an Australian working in Beirut), and Drs Tom Allen and Ian Steven in Adelaide. Ian McDonald was an influential, highly respected and greatly loved paediatric anaesthetist who had a profound influence on the early days of paediatric anaesthesia in Australia.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia/história , Pediatria/história , Anestesistas , Austrália , Criança , Cuidados Críticos , História do Século XX , Humanos
9.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 77(4): 289-291, 2019 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090810

RESUMO

Désiré-Magloire Bourneville ought to be thought of as the father of Pediatric Neurology for his significant contributions to the field. He worked as a physician, politician, writer, and editor. He was the first to describe the autosomal dominant genetic condition known as "tuberous sclerosis complex", after conducting an autopsy on a young female patient, where the main finding in the central nervous system was multiple dense tubers. The patient had refractory epilepsy and intellectual disability. His work was based on the study of epilepsy and idiocy, and he was also an advocate of public health and social medicine education; creating day hospital programs for children with this type of neurologic disease.


Assuntos
Neurologia/história , Pediatria/história , Epilepsia/história , França , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Esclerose Tuberosa/história
10.
J Pediatr Surg ; 54(5): 875-880, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30971336

RESUMO

The Canadian Association of Pediatric Surgeons was established 50 years ago, with 30 founding members. Since then, the CAPS membership has grown nearly 10-fold and has developed a global presence with representation from 15 countries. CAPS has 8 pediatric surgery training programs which contribute not only to the North American workforce, but also to profoundly underserved low and middle income countries, particularly in Africa. On the occasion of our 50th Anniversary meeting, we celebrate our diversity and inclusivity as we reflect on our past, on the contributions of our Founding Members, the Women of CAPS, and others who have had a transformational impact on the practice of pediatric surgery. We look forward to our future, which while unknown, holds great promise for future generations of pediatric surgeons and the children and families in need of their care.


Assuntos
Pediatria/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Especialidades Cirúrgicas/história , Canadá , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Médicas , Formulação de Políticas , Especialidades Cirúrgicas/educação
11.
Cir Cir ; 86(1): 99-106, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30951035

RESUMO

Here, two papers are presented, which constitute the first reports of surgical procedures in Mexican children performed at the 19th century. The two publications refer to surgical operations for the extraction of bladder stones. At that time, there was no anesthesia, so part of the description alludes to the suffering of the patients and the operative difficulties. The first case, is referred to as a lithotomy in a 17-year-old girl, performed by surgeon José Victoriano Guerrero in Guadalajara in 1822. The publication is not an academic report, but a pamphlet written as a gift to Emperor Augustin I to celebrate his ascension to the throne. The second work, is a lateral lithotomy in a 5-year-old boy, published by Dr. Luis Jecker in the first issue of the Periódico de la Academia de Medicina de Mégico in 1836.


Assuntos
Pediatria/história , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/história , Urologia/história , Criança , História do Século XIX , Humanos , México , Cálculos da Bexiga Urinária/história , Cálculos da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia
12.
16.
J Pediatr Surg ; 54(5): 887-890, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782444

RESUMO

Gender and diversity in the workforce are hot topics in both the public and professional spheres. Medicine has not been immune to these discussions, with many recent publications highlighting the lack of equal representation of women and minorities within medicine and surgery. This paper will review the history and current state of gender and minority representation in the Canadian Association of Pediatric Surgeons (CAPS) as presented at the 50th Annual Meeting of CAPS in September 2018 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Assuntos
Grupos Minoritários/estatística & dados numéricos , Pediatria/história , Médicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Especialidades Cirúrgicas/história , Recursos Humanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Canadá , Feminino , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Masculino , Pediatria/estatística & dados numéricos , Especialidades Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
Isr J Health Policy Res ; 8(1): 23, 2019 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30732652

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pediatric preventive health services are delivered in many different formats throughout the world. In Israel, these services for young children are provided in designated Maternal Child Health Clinics (MCHC). The history and operation of Israel's MCHC have been described primarily in the Hebrew language medical literature with most of these reports being over a decade old. This paper provides an up to date summary of the evolution and current care in Israel's one-hundred-year old model for the provision of preschool preventive health services. As these clinics have been recognized by the World Organization as a model for emulation, it is important that such information be made available. Israel's MCHC provide universal care to infants and preschool children (0-6 years), free of charge. These community-based clinics provide developmental surveillance, growth monitoring, and routine childhood immunizations. Anticipatory guidance is offered to families on topics including nutrition, parenting and child safety. Screening is also performed for maternal postpartum depression and family violence. Care is given by public health nurses working in collaboration with physicians. The vast majority (> 96%) of the country's children receive care in this system. Immunization coverage rates through this system are in line with World Health Organization guidelines - over 95% overall average nationally. Unfortunately, the allocated funding has not increased in proportion to the population growth. There is ongoing debate on the role of the national government in health services: should it be that of a direct services provider or focus on guidance and regulation of the health system. CONCLUSION: MCHC well child care can help assure widespread provision of pediatric preventive health care. For this model to function, both its funding and content needs to be updated on an ongoing basis to reflect current preventive health care needs.


Assuntos
Pediatria/história , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/história , Adolescente , Criança , Bem-Estar da Criança/história , Bem-Estar da Criança/tendências , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Israel , Masculino , Pediatria/tendências , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/métodos
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