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J Korean Med Sci ; 36(5): e44, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527786


BACKGROUND: Understanding the changes in emergency department (ED) visit patterns during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak is important for effectively operating EDs during the pandemic. We aimed to analyze the changes in pediatric ED visits during the COVID-19 pandemic and examine the relationship between the number of ED visits and the stringency of government social distancing measures. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study used data of pediatric (age < 18 years) ED visits in Seoul metropolitan area from June 1, 2018, to May 31, 2020. Patient demographics, ED results, and diagnoses were compared during the COVID-19 period and the previous year. To evaluate the effect of the stringency of social distancing measures on the number of ED visits, a Poisson regression model was developed with month, year, and the average monthly Government Response Stringency Index (GRSI) as fixed effects. RESULTS: In total, 190,732 patients were included. The number of pediatric ED visits during the COVID-19 period was 58.1% lower than in the previous year. There were disproportionate decreases in the numbers of ED visits for children in early childhood (66.5%), low-acuity children (55.2-63.8%), those who did not use an ambulance (59.0%), and those visiting the ED for noninjury complaints (64.9%). The proportion of admissions increased from 11.9% to 16.6%. For every 10-point increase in the GRSI, there was a 15.1% decrease in monthly ED visits. CONCLUSION: A striking decrease in pediatric ED visits was observed during the COVID-19 outbreak, the scale which was associated with the stringency of government policies. Changes in the number and characteristics of children visiting the ED should be considered to facilitate the effective operation of EDs during the pandemic.

/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Pediatria/organização & administração , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Distribuição de Poisson , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Seul/epidemiologia , Centros de Atenção Terciária
Ital J Pediatr ; 47(1): 29, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33579344


BACKGROUND: Suspending ordinary care activities during the COVID-19 pandemic made it necessary to find alternative routes to comply with care recommendations not only for acute health needs but also for patients requiring follow-up and multidisciplinary visits. We present the 'Contactless' model, a comprehensive operational tool including a plurality of services delivered remotely, structured according to a complexity gradient, aimed to cover diagnostic procedures and monitor disease progression in chronic pediatric patients. METHODS: A multidisciplinary and multiprofessional project team was recruited, in collaboration with patients' associations, to map a panel of available Evidence-Based solutions and address individual needs in full respect of the concept of personalized medicine. The solutions include a number of services from videoconsultations to more structure videotraining sessions. RESULTS: A modular framework made up of four three Macro-levels of complexity - Contactless Basic, Intermediate and Advanced - was displayed as an incremental set of services and operational planning establishing each phase, from factors influencing eligibility to the delivery of the most accurate and complex levels of care. CONCLUSION: The multimodal, multidisciplinary 'Contactless' model allowed the inclusion of all Units of our Pediatric Department and families with children with disability or complex chronic conditions. The strengths of this project rely on its replicability outside of pediatrics and in the limited resources needed to practically impact patients, caregivers and professionals involved in the process of care. Its implementation in the future may contribute to reduce the duration of hospital admissions, money and parental absence from work.

/epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Crianças com Deficiência , Modelos Organizacionais , Pediatria/organização & administração , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Criança , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Pandemias , Desenvolvimento de Programas
BMJ Open ; 11(2): e043015, 2021 02 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33597140


OBJECTIVES: In a previously published Delphi exercise the European Pediatric Dialysis Working Group (EPDWG) reported widely variable counteractive responses to COVID-19 during the first week of statutory public curfews in 12 European countries with case loads of 4-680 infected patients per million. To better understand these wide variations, we assessed different factors affecting countermeasure implementation rates and applied the capability, opportunity, motivation model of behaviour to describe their determinants. DESIGN: We undertook this international mixed methods study of increased depth and breadth to obtain more complete data and to better understand the resulting complex evidence. SETTING: This study was conducted in 14 paediatric nephrology centres across 12 European countries during the COVID-19 pandemic. PARTICIPANTS: The 14 participants were paediatric nephrologists and EPDWG members from 12 European centres. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: 52 countermeasures clustered into eight response domains (access control, patient testing, personnel testing, personal protective equipment policy, patient cohorting, personnel cohorting, suspension of routine care, remote work) were categorised by implementation status, drivers (expert opinion, hospital regulations) and resource dependency. Governmental strictness and media attitude were independently assessed for each country and correlated with relevant countermeasure implementation factors. RESULTS: Implementation rates varied widely among response domains (median 49.5%, range 20%-71%) and centres (median 46%, range 31%-62%). Case loads were insufficient to explain response rate variability. Increasing case loads resulted in shifts from expert opinion-based to hospital regulation-based decisions to implement additional countermeasures despite increased resource dependency. Higher governmental strictness and positive media attitude towards countermeasure implementation were associated with higher implementation rates. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 countermeasure implementation by paediatric tertiary care centres did not reflect case loads but rather reflected heterogeneity of local rules and of perceived resources. These data highlight the need of ongoing reassessment of current practices, facilitating rapid change in 'institutional behavior' in response to emerging evidence of countermeasure efficacy.

/prevenção & controle , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Nefrologia/organização & administração , Pandemias , Criança , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Controle de Infecções , Pediatria/organização & administração , Diálise Renal
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(6): S183-S186, dic 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1146242


Las estadísticas arrojadas por la pandemia de COVID-19 evidencian que el impacto sobre la población pediátrica no ha tenido la magnitud mostrada en los adultos. Aun así, tanto para los pediatras como para el resto de los integrantes de los equipos de salud, se plantea un dilema entre el mantenimiento de la responsabilidad, el compromiso en la atención de los pacientes afectados y las dudas e incertidumbres surgidas frente a la posibilidad de contraer la enfermedad y de trasmitirla a los seres más cercanos. Desde allí, se estructuran dos cuestiones centrales: ¿existe un límite moral frente a la posibilidad de correr riesgos durante el ejercicio profesional?, ¿qué influencia tiene la dificultad de acceso a mecanismos de protección imprescindibles para disminuir los riesgos que aquel implica? Consideramos que la bioética puede actuar como una herramienta que permita reflexionar sobre estos y otros aspectos a los que la actual pandemia nos enfrenta

It has been demonstrated by statistics that COVID-19 pandemic has not been as aggressive among pediatric population as in adults. Yet, pediatricians and the rest of the health care team face the dilemma of keeping the commitment and responsibilities towards the patients or withstanding the uncertainties arising versus the possibilities of getting infected and spreading it to their beloved ones.There are two main issues: during the professional everyday practice, is there a moral limit when it comes to taking risks? And what is the importance of having difficulty in getting the proper safety equipment in order to decrease the potential risks? Bioethics, as we think, may work as a tool, helping us all to ponder this and the many other bearings we are facing with the current pandemic

Humanos , Criança , Adulto , Pediatria/ética , Bioética , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pediatria/organização & administração , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual
Bull Hosp Jt Dis (2013) ; 78(4): 236-242, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207144


BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify and characterize challenges and benefits to the use of tele-medicine for the treatment of pediatric orthopedic patients during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: A novel survey was sent to all faculty members at an academic pediatric orthopedic practice in New York City regarding their use of telemedicine in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: Faculty members performed 227 unique tele-health visits with pediatric orthopedic patients over a 7-week period in early 2020, and this formed the basis for responses to the survey. The results of the faculty survey suggest that telemedicine has substantial clinical benefits for pediatric orthopedic surgeons and our patients that extend beyond the COVID-19 pandemic. Providers recognize the limits of conducting physical exams over telemedicine and should always use clinical judgment when evaluating patients, par-ticularly trauma patients who may require prompt referral for additional care. CONCLUSIONS: The ability to provide pediatric orthopedic care through telemedicine has allowed us to safely evaluate and treat pediatric patients with musculoskeletal problems in New York City and its environs despite the COVID-19 pandemic. The efficient evaluation of both new and exist-ing pediatric orthopedic patients via telehealth is viable. Physical examination is the most challenging aspect of the physician-patient encounter to replicate virtually. Targeted educational efforts for patients and their families before the visit about what to expect and how to prepare improves efficiency with virtual pediatric orthopedic visits. Efforts to limit disparities in access to telemedicine will be needed to allow all pediatric orthopedic patients to participate in telemedicine equitably.

Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Ortopedia/organização & administração , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pediatria/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Cidade de Nova Iorque , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Padrões de Prática Médica
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 18(1): 85, 2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129319


BACKGROUND: The use of telemedicine in pediatric rheumatology has been historically low. The current COVID 19 global pandemic has forced a paradigm shift with many centers rapidly adopting virtual visits to conduct care resulting in rapid expansion of use of telemedicine amongst practices. BODY: This commentary discusses practical tips for physicians including guidance around administrative and governance issues, preparation for telemedicine, involving the multidisciplinary care team, and teaching considerations. We also outline a standard proforma and smart phrases for the electronic health record. A proposed variation of the validated pediatric gait arms legs spine examination (pGALS) called the video pGALS (VpGALS) as a means of conducting virtual pediatric rheumatology physical examination is presented. CONCLUSION: This commentary provides a starting framework for telemedicine use in pediatric rheumatology and further work on validation and acceptability is needed.

Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pediatria/métodos , Exame Físico/métodos , Pneumonia Viral , Reumatologia/métodos , Telemedicina/métodos , Comunicação por Videoconferência , Betacoronavirus , Assistência à Saúde , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Pediatria/educação , Pediatria/organização & administração , Reumatologia/educação , Reumatologia/organização & administração , Telemedicina/legislação & jurisprudência , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Estados Unidos
Cir. pediátr ; 33(4): 188-192, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195130


OBJETIVO: Analizar parámetros sociolaborales y sociodemográficos para conocer la situación de los cirujanos pediátricos en España. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se realizó una encuesta de elaboración propia inspirada en modelos de satisfacción laboral. Es un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal, realizado online a los cirujanos pediátricos pertenecientes a la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica (SECIPE). RESULTADOS: De los 290 cirujanos pediátricos de la SECIPE, 133 contestaron a la encuesta (tasa de respuesta del 45,8%). De estos, el 49,6% tienen entre 30-39 años, habiendo casi igualdad entre hombres y mujeres. El 69% de los encuestados dedican entre el 75 y el 100% de su tiempo de trabajo a la asistencia, el 89,4% dedica entre 0-25% a la investigación y el 80% entre 0 y 25 % a la docencia. Los resultados mostraron satisfacción laboral, tanto en relación con el equipo de trabajo como con la calidad asistencial, las posibilidades de desarrollo profesional o la consideración social. Sin embargo, los encuestados mostraron su disconformidad con respecto al sueldo, al tiempo dedicado a la investigación y a la docencia, y a la relación con la dirección. CONCLUSIÓN: Este estudio permite conocer la situación laboral de los profesionales en España, lo que puede ayudar a identificar medidas de mejora. La encuesta señala un descontento generalizado con el escaso tiempo dedicado a la investigación y poca satisfacción en el trabajo docente. La mayor parte del tiempo se dedica a la práctica clínica, existiendo baja satisfacción salarial, circunstancias que pueden contribuir a la insatisfacción en el desarrollo de la actividad asistencial

OBJECTIVE: To analyze work, demographic, and social parameters in order to learn about the working status of pediatric surgeons in Spain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey inspired in job satisfaction models and designed by the authors was performed. It was an observational, descriptive, cross-border online survey intended for pediatric surgeons from the Spanish Society of Pediatric Surgery (SECIPE). RESULTS: Of the 290 SECIPE pediatric surgeons, 133 responded to the survey (45.8% response rate), of whom 49.6% were 30-39 years old. The number of male and female respondents was virtually the same. 69% of respondents devoted 75-100% of their working hours to healthcare, 89.4% devoted 0-25% to research, and 80% devoted 0-25% to teaching. The survey demonstrated job satisfaction in terms of colleagues, healthcare role, professional development expectations, and social consideration. However, respondents showed disconformity with their pay, the time devoted to research and teaching, and their relationship with the executive board. CONCLUSION: This study sheds light on the Spanish professionals' working status, which can help identify measures for improvement. The survey shows widespread disconformity with the short time devoted to research, and little satisfaction with teaching. Most of the working hours are devoted to clinical practice, with poor pay satisfaction, which can contribute to dissatisfaction in the development of healthcare activity

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pediatria/organização & administração , Satisfação no Emprego , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Pediatras/organização & administração , Pediatras/estatística & dados numéricos , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Estudos Transversais
Pediatr. aten. prim ; 22(87): 241-250, jul.-sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194297


La Asociación Española de Pediatría de Atención Primaria (AEPap) ha elaborado un documento con propuestas para la organización de las consultas de Atención Primaria en la próxima temporada invernal, y así poder garantizar la atención a los pacientes pediátricos, con y sin sospecha de infección por SARS-CoV-2. En dicho documento se insiste en la importancia de que la primera valoración del paciente sea telefónica para orientar a las familias sobre la idoneidad de una visita telemática o de una visita presencial y, en caso de ser así, recibir indicaciones sobre la zona del centro de salud y horario de atención en función de los síntomas, para mantener las medidas de protección y seguridad, tanto del paciente como del personal sanitario. AEPap y SEPEAP proponen que en los centros de salud se organicen dos circuitos, uno para atender pacientes con sospecha de infección por SARS-CoV-2 y otro circuito para valorar el resto de las patologías y llevar a cabo el Programa de Salud Infantil (PSI). Para ello, también insta a las Administraciones públicas a mejorar las herramientas de la telemedicina para garantizar el intercambio seguro de información y así poder realizar consultas no presenciales para evitar contagios en el centro sanitario, dotar a los centros de salud de personal sanitario, administrativo y de limpieza suficiente. También es muy importante que los profesionales sanitarios dispongan de técnicas diagnósticas para descartar las infecciones pediátricas más frecuente en época invernal (rinovirus, virus respiratorio sincitial, gripe, rotavirus) y agilizar el resultado de la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) para COVID-19 y así evitar aislamientos innecesarios

The Spanish Association of Primary Care Pediatrics (AEPap), has prepared a document with proposals for the organization of primary care consultations in the next winter season, and thus be able to guarantee care for pediatric patients, with and without suspected infection by SARS-CoV-2. This document insists on the importance that the first assessment of the patient is by telephone to guide families on the suitability of a telematic visit or a face-to-face visit and, if so, receive instructions on the area of the health center and hours of attention based on symptoms, to maintain protection and safety measures for both the patient and the health personnel. The AEPap and the SEPEAP propose to organize two circuits in health centers, one to evaluate patients with suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection and another circuit to assess the rest of the pathologies and carry out the Children's Health Program. For this, it also urges public administrations to improve telemedicine tools to guarantee the safe exchange of information and thus be able to carry out non-face-to-face consultations to avoid infections in the health center, provide health centers with health, administrative, cleaning and medical personnel sufficient. It is also very important that healthcare professionals have diagnostic techniques to rule out the most frequent pediatric infections in winter (rhinovirus, RSV, flu, rotavirus) and speed up the PCR result for Covid-19 and thus avoid unnecessary isolations

Humanos , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Vírus da SARS/patogenicidade , Cuidado da Criança/métodos , Consenso , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Pediatria/organização & administração , Precauções Universais/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle
An Pediatr (Barc) ; 93(5): 343.e1-343.e8, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32646797


SARS-CoV-2 pandemic dimension has affected the Hospital Pediatrics Medicine assistance in our country. New challenges generated by COVID-19 require a series of proactive measures, based on existing scientific knowledge and standards of good practice, that allow the Pediatric Hospital services readiness and operability. Hospital Internal Pediatrics, as responsible of integral care of the hospitalized child, plays a leading role in the new hospital model emerging from this crisis. This review analyzes the impact of the current SARS-CoV-2 epidemic on pediatric care, and perspective of new COVID-19 outbreaks in coexistence with other viral infections. Changes secondary to pandemic involved in Hospital Pediatric units, how to prepare for future epidemics, also the involvement of pediatric units in adult care and the possible opportunities for improvement need to be revised. Assistance of patients with chronic complex conditions in epidemic circumstances, safety aspects, opportunities for teaching and ethical considerations are reviewed. The Spanish Society of Hospital Pediatrics Medicine offers with this article a series of resources for Internal Pediatric Medicine practitioners responsible to face next challenges in pediatric hospitalization units.

Infecções por Coronavirus , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Hospitalização , Hospitais Pediátricos/organização & administração , Pandemias , Pediatria/métodos , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Saúde Global , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pediatria/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle
J Clin Nurs ; 29(17-18): 3541-3552, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614105


AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the views on the needs of health specialists to consider when developing a digital gaming solution for children and families in a paediatric day surgery. BACKGROUND: Children's day surgery treatment is often cancelled at the last minute for various reasons, for example due to the lack of information. Digital gaming solutions could help families to be better oriented to the coming treatment. Despite the increasing demands for mHealth systems, there is not enough evidence-based information from the health specialist perspective for developing a digital gaming solution. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted. METHODS: Health specialists (N = 15) including 11 nurses, one physiotherapist and four doctors from different areas from one university hospital in Finland were recruited using a snowball sampling method. Semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted in March and April 2019. The data were analysed using inductive conduct analyses. The COREQ checklist was used to report the data collection, analysis and the results. RESULTS: The data yielded 469 open codes, 21 sub-categories, three upper categories and one main category. The main category the digital gaming solution to support knowledge, care and guidance in children's day surgery included three upper categories: (a) support for preoperative information and guidance, (b) support for intra-operative information and care, and (c) support for postoperative information, care and guidance. CONCLUSION: Digital gaming solutions could be used to help children and families to be better prepared for upcoming treatments, to support communication in different languages and to improve children's pain management after operations. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Evidence-based information is important to ensure that future digital solutions answer the real needs of the staff and patients. There is a need for families and children's views to be taken into consideration when developing digital gaming solutions in the hospital context.

Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/normas , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Pediatria/organização & administração , Jogos de Vídeo , Criança , Feminino , Finlândia , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Profissional-Família , Pesquisa Qualitativa
Ital J Pediatr ; 46(1): 87, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600464


Since the outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic, the number of cases registered worldwide has risen to over 3 million. While COVID-19 per se does not seem to represent a significant threat to the pediatric population, which generally presents a benign course and a low lethality, the current emergency might negatively affect the care of pediatric patients and overall children welfare. In particular, the fear of contracting COVID-19 may determine a delayed access to pediatric emergency facilities. Present report focuses on the experience of The Children Hospital in Alessandria (northern Italy). The authors document a drop in the number of admissions to the emergency department (A&E) during the lock-down. They will also focus on four emblematic cases of pediatric patients who were seen to our A&E in severe conditions. All these cases share a significant diagnostic delay caused by the parents' reluctance to seek medical attention, seen as a potential risk factor for COVID-19 contagion. None was found positive to all COVID-19 swab or immunologic testing. All in all, our data strongly support the importance of promoting a direct and timely interaction between patients and medical staff, to prevent the fear of COVID-19 from causing more harm than the virus itself.

Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Diagnóstico Tardio/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Criança , Bem-Estar da Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Emergências/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitais Pediátricos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pediatria/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Medição de Risco
Eur J Endocrinol ; 183(4): P11-P18, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32698145


Background: Currently, there are no European recommendations for the management of pediatric thyroid cancer. Other current international guidelines are not completely concordant. In addition, medical regulations differ between, for instance, the US and Europe. We aimed to develop new, easily accessible national recommendations for differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) patients <18 years of age in the Netherlands as a first step toward a harmonized European Recommendation. Methods: A multidisciplinary working group was formed including pediatric and adult endocrinologists, a pediatric radiologist, a pathologist, endocrine surgeons, pediatric surgeons, pediatric oncologists, nuclear medicine physicians, a clinical geneticist and a patient representative. A systematic literature search was conducted for all existing guidelines and review articles for pediatric DTC from 2000 until February 2019. The Appraisal of Guidelines, Research and Evaluation (AGREE) instrument was used for assessing quality of the articles. All were compared to determine dis- and concordances. The American Thyroid Association (ATA) pediatric guideline 2015 was used as framework to develop specific Dutch recommendations. Discussion points based upon expert opinion and current treatment management of DTC in children in the Netherlands were identified and elaborated. Results: Based on the most recent evidence combined with expert opinion, a 2020 Dutch recommendation for pediatric DTC was written and published as an online interactive decision tree ( Conclusion: Pediatric DTC requires a multidisciplinary approach. The 2020 Dutch Pediatric DTC Recommendation can be used as a starting point for the development of a collaborative European recommendation for treatment of pediatric DTC.

Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Pediatria/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/terapia , Adenocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Idade de Início , Diferenciação Celular , Criança , Humanos , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Pediatria/organização & administração , Pediatria/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia