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1.
Food Chem ; 369: 130925, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455329

RESUMO

The oxidative effects of hydroxyl radical on the alterations of lipid profiles were investigated in shrimp muscle. Chemical results indicate peroxide value (PV) and thiobarbituric acid index (TBA-i) value in oxidation-treated shrimp significantly increased with oxidation time, and hydroxyl radical concentration increased, compared with those of in fresh samples. It was assumed that radical attack might induce lipid decomposition, backbone cleavage, and/or side-chain modifications. LC/MS-based lipidomics analysis revealed 835 lipids in shrimp assigned to 27 lipid classes, including 219 PCs and 98 CLs. In total, 86 and 34 differentially abundant lipids (DALs) accumulated at lower and higher levels, respectively, were identified in OS, compared with that in FS. This indicates hydroxyl radical attack altered the lipidomics profiles of shrimp muscle to a large extent. Furthermore, DALs, including CL 62:2, PC 38:3, and PE 34:9, could be considered as promising biomarkers to distinguish fresh and oxidation-treated shrimp products.


Assuntos
Radical Hidroxila , Penaeidae , Animais , Lipidômica , Lipídeos , Músculos
2.
Food Chem ; 371: 131169, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563967

RESUMO

The potential of bile acids (BAs) to reduce aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) residues and toxicity in Litopenaeus vannamei was evaluated. Both juveniles and subadults were treated with 0, 0.05, 0.15 and 0.25 g/kg BAs for 60 days followed by 10-d AFB1 exposure (2000 µg/kg), and fifteen shrimp (five shrimp were pooled into one sample, n = 3) from each treatment were collected at five time points (30, 60, 63, 66 and 70 d). All parameters were determined using accepted and standard methods with acceptable accuracy (recovery) of 90-110%. Results demonstrated that BAs reduced the AFB1 residues in shrimp (limit of detection: 0.01 µg/L, relative standard deviation < 10% and recovery: 92.1-96.8%). BAs increased the detoxification of AFB1 and decreased the levels of oxidative stress products by increasing Phase II and antioxidant systems, avoiding AFB1-induced deterioration of shrimp meat and health risks to human. The confidence level was 95%.


Assuntos
Aflatoxina B1 , Penaeidae , Aflatoxina B1/metabolismo , Aflatoxina B1/toxicidade , Animais , Antioxidantes , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Bioacumulação , Humanos , Penaeidae/metabolismo
3.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 146: 107-115, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617516

RESUMO

This study outlines a multifactorial disease outbreak in a population of the freshwater shrimp Neocaridina davidi, with the focus on a rarely described parasitic alga. Within this multifactorial disease outbreak, low but consistent mortality was observed. During microscopic examination, an infection of the shrimp with bacterial and fungal-like agents was diagnosed. Furthermore, the green alga Cladogonium sp. was found in pleopodal regions. The alga compromised the body surface of the shrimp, and its rhizoids penetrated the chitin shell and reached into the subcutaneous tissue. This might be a first indication of a parasitic lifestyle. In addition to a morphological description, sequencing data are presented which allow the taxonomic classification of the organism within the order Trentepohliales.


Assuntos
Penaeidae , Animais , Surtos de Doenças , Penaeidae/parasitologia
4.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 752477, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660349

RESUMO

The prevalence of bacterial diseases and the application of probiotics to prevent them is a common practice in shrimp aquaculture. A wide range of bacterial species/strains is utilized in probiotic formulations, with proven beneficial effects. However, knowledge of their role in inhibiting the growth of a specific pathogen is restricted. In this study, we employed constraint-based genome-scale metabolic modeling approach to screen and identify the beneficial bacteria capable of limiting the growth of V. harveyi, a common pathogen in shrimp culture. Genome-scale models were built for 194 species (including strains from the genera Bacillus, Lactobacillus, and Lactococcus and the pathogenic strain V. harveyi) to explore the metabolic potential of these strains under different nutrient conditions in a consortium. In silico-based phenotypic analysis on 193 paired models predicted six candidate strains with growth enhancement and pathogen suppression. Growth simulations reveal that mannitol and glucoronate environments mediate parasitic interactions in a pairwise community. Furthermore, in a mannitol environment, the shortlisted six strains were purely metabolite consumers without donating metabolites to V. harveyi. The production of acetate by the screened species in a paired community suggests the natural metabolic end product's role in limiting pathogen survival. Our study employing in silico approach successfully predicted three novel candidate strains for probiotic applications, namely, Bacillus sp 1 (identified as B. licheniformis in this study), Bacillus weihaiensis Alg07, and Lactobacillus lindneri TMW 1.1993. The study is the first to apply genomic-scale metabolic models for aquaculture applications to detect bacterial species limiting Vibrio harveyi growth.


Assuntos
Penaeidae , Probióticos , Vibrio , Animais , Aquicultura , Bacillus , Simulação por Computador , Lactobacillus , Vibrio/genética
5.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258655, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653229

RESUMO

Diseases have remained the major issue for shrimp aquaculture industry for decades by which different shrimp species demonstrated alternative disease resistance or tolerance. However, there had been insufficient studies on the underlying host mechanisms of such phenomenon. Hence, in this study, the main objective involves gaining a deeper understanding into the functional importance of shrimp STAT gene from the aspects of expression, sequence, structure, and associated genes. STAT gene was selected primarily because of its vital signalling roles in stress, endocrine, and immune response. The differential gene expressions of Macrobrachium rosenbergii STAT (MrST) and Penaeus monodon STAT (PmST) under White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) and Vibrio parahaemolyticus/VpAHPND infections were identified through qPCR analysis. Notably, during both pathogenic infections, MrST demonstrated significant gene expression down-regulations (during either early or later post-infection time points) whereas PmST showed only significant gene expression up-regulations. Important sequence conservation or divergence was highlighted through STAT sequence comparison especially amino acid alterations at 614 aa [K (Lysine) to E (Glutamic Acid)] and 629 aa [F (Phenylalanine) to V (Valine)] from PmST (AY327491.1) to PmST (disease tolerant strain). There were significant differences observed between in silico characterized structures of MrST and PmST proteins. Important functional differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the aspects of stress, endocrine, immune, signalling, and structural were uncovered through comparative transcriptomic analysis. The DEGs associated with STAT functioning were identified including inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor, hsp90, caspase, ATP binding cassette transmembrane transporter, C-type Lectin, HMGB, ALF1, ALF3, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, catalase, and TBK1. The main findings of this study are STAT differential gene expression patterns, sequence divergence, structural differences, and associated functional DEGs. These findings can be further utilized for shrimp health or host response diagnostic studies. STAT gene can also be proposed as a suitable candidate for future studies of shrimp innate immune enhancement.


Assuntos
Palaemonidae/genética , Penaeidae/genética , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/genética , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/patogenicidade , Vírus da Síndrome da Mancha Branca 1/patogenicidade , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Animais , Proteínas de Artrópodes/química , Proteínas de Artrópodes/genética , Simulação por Computador , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Palaemonidae/virologia , Penaeidae/virologia , Conformação Proteica , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/química , Transdução de Sinais
6.
J Immunol ; 207(11): 2733-2743, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670821

RESUMO

Aquatic organisms have to produce proteins or factors that help maintain a stable relationship with microbiota and prevent colonization by pathogenic microorganisms. In crustaceans and other aquatic invertebrates, relatively few of these host factors have been characterized. In this study, we show that the respiratory glycoprotein hemocyanin is a crucial host factor that modulates microbial composition and diversity in the hepatopancreas of penaeid shrimp. Diseased penaeid shrimp (Penaeus vannamei), had an empty gastrointestinal tract with atrophied hepatopancreas, expressed low hemocyanin, and high total bacterial abundance, with Vibrio as the dominant bacteria. Similarly, shrimp depleted of hemocyanin had mitochondrial depolarization, increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, and dysregulation of several energy metabolism-related genes. Hemocyanin silencing together with ROS scavenger (N-acetylcysteine) treatment improved microbial diversity and decreased Vibrio dominance in the hepatopancreas. However, fecal microbiota transplantation after hemocyanin knockdown could not restore the microbial composition in the hepatopancreas. Collectively, our data provide, to our knowledge, new insight into the pivotal role of hemocyanin in modulating microbial composition in penaeid shrimp hepatopancreas via its effect on mitochondrial integrity, energy metabolism, and ROS production.


Assuntos
Hemocianinas/metabolismo , Hepatopâncreas/metabolismo , Penaeidae/microbiologia , Animais , Metabolismo Energético , Hemocianinas/imunologia , Hepatopâncreas/imunologia , Penaeidae/imunologia , Penaeidae/metabolismo
7.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 781, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34717552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kuruma shrimp, a major commercial shrimp species in the world, has two cryptic or sibling species, Marsupenaeus japonicus and Marsupenaeus pulchricaudatus. Codon usage analysis would contribute to our understanding of the genetic and evolutionary characteristics of the two Marsupenaeus species. In this study, we analyzed codon usage and related indices using coding sequences (CDSs) from RNA-seq data. RESULTS: Using CodonW 1.4.2 software, we performed the codon bias analysis of transcriptomes obtained from hepatopancreas tissues, which indicated weak codon bias. Almost all parameters had similar correlations for both species. The gene expression level (FPKM) was negatively correlated with A/T3s. We determined 12 and 14 optimal codons for M. japonicus and M. pulchricaudatus, respectively, and all optimal codons have a C/G-ending. The two Marsupenaeus species had different usage frequencies of codon pairs, which contributed to further analysis of transcriptional differences between them. Orthologous genes that underwent positive selection (ω > 1) had a higher correlation coefficient than that of experienced purifying selection (ω < 1). Parity Rule 2 (PR2) and effective number of codons (ENc) plot analysis showed that the codon usage patterns of both species were influenced by both mutations and selection. Moreover, the average observed ENc value was lower than the expected value for both species, suggesting that factors other than GC may play roles in these phenomena. The results of multispecies clustering based on codon preference were consistent with traditional classification. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides a relatively comprehensive understanding of the correlations among codon usage bias, gene expression, and selection pressures of CDSs for M. japonicus and M. pulchricaudatus. The genetic evolution was driven by mutations and selection pressure. Moreover, the results point out new insights into the specificities and evolutionary characteristics of the two Marsupenaeus species.


Assuntos
Uso do Códon , Penaeidae , Animais , Evolução Biológica , Códon/genética , Evolução Molecular , Penaeidae/genética , Seleção Genética , Transcriptoma
8.
Molecules ; 26(19)2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641318

RESUMO

The development of coastal regions has contributed to the intensification of environmental contamination, which can accumulate in aquatic biota, such as shrimps. These crustaceans, besides being delicious and being a good source of nutrients, can also accumulate environmental pollutants. Amongst others, these include organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs), brominated flame retardants (BFRs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and synthetic musks (SMs). These pollutants, classified as endocrine disruptors, are related to adverse effects in humans and since one of the major routes of exposition is ingestion, this is a cause for concern regarding their presence in food. The aim of the present study was to quantify the presence of environmental pollutants in shrimp samples and in the water from their habitat along the northwest Portuguese coast. In seawater samples, only two OCPs (lindane and DDD) and one BFR (BTBPE) were detected, and in shrimp samples, one OCP (DDD) and three SMs (HHCB, AHTN and ketone) were found. Bioaccumulation and the risk assessment of dietary exposure of SMs in shrimp samples were investigated. It was observed that all shrimp samples analyzed significantly presented bioaccumulation of the three SMs found. Concentrations of SMs detected in shrimp samples do not present a health risk for the adult Portuguese population.


Assuntos
Penaeidae/química , Água do Mar/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Retardadores de Chama/isolamento & purificação , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Organofosforados/isolamento & purificação , Bifenilos Policlorados/isolamento & purificação , Portugal , Águas Residuárias/análise
9.
Nutrients ; 13(10)2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684397

RESUMO

Crustacean allergy, especially to shrimp, is the most predominant cause of seafood allergy. However, due to the high flexibility of immunoglobulin E (IgE), its three-dimensional structure remains unsolved, and the molecular mechanism of shrimp allergen recognition is unknown. Here a chimeric IgE was built in silico, and its variable region in the light chain was replaced with sequences derived from shrimp tropomyosin (TM)-allergic patients. A variety of allergenic peptides from the Chinese shrimp TM were built, treated with heating, and subjected to IgE binding in silico. Amino acid analysis shows that the amino acid residue conservation in shrimp TM contributes to eliciting an IgE-mediated immune response. In the shrimp-allergic IgE, Glu98 in the light chain and other critical residues that recognize allergens from shrimp are implicated in the molecular basis of IgE-mediated shrimp allergy. Heat treatment could alter the conformations of TM allergenic peptides, impact their intramolecular hydrogen bonding, and subsequently decrease the binding between these peptides and IgE. We found Glu98 as the characteristic amino acid residue in the light chain of IgE to recognize general shrimp-allergic sequences, and heat-induced conformational change generally desensitizes shrimp allergens.


Assuntos
Alérgenos/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/imunologia , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Penaeidae/imunologia , Frutos do Mar , Tropomiosina/química , Tropomiosina/imunologia , Alérgenos/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Epitopos/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/terapia , Temperatura Alta , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Imunoglobulina E/química , Imunoglobulina E/metabolismo , Imunossupressão , Modelos Moleculares , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/imunologia , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Conformação Proteica , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/química , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/imunologia , Alinhamento de Sequência , Tropomiosina/metabolismo
10.
J Biotechnol ; 342: 45-53, 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619240

RESUMO

Recombinant Pichia pastoris biomass surface-expressing the viral binding protein PmRab7 (YSD-PmRab7) was prepared by fed-batch, aerobic fermentation with methanol induction for 48 h. By cell based ELISA assay, immunofluorescence and flow cytometry, 45% of the YSD-PmRab7 cells were positive for PmRab7. Freeze dried YSD-PmRab7 cells were added to formulated shrimp feed pellets at 0.25 g and 0.5 g per g feed and fed to 2 shrimp groups for 7 days prior to challenge with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). Controls consisted of 1 shrimp group fed normal pellets and one fed pellets containing P. pastoris carrying an empty gene cassette. At 10 days post challenge, survival in the two control groups was 6.7 ± 6.6%, while it was 26.7 ± 6.6% in the 0.25 g YSD-PmRab7 group and significantly higher (p < 0.05) in the 0.5 g YSD-PmRab7 group at 46.7 ± 10.1%. Nested PCR assays and histopathological analysis revealed significantly lower WSSV replication levels in the 0.5 g YSD-PmRab7 group. The results indicated potential for development of YSD-PmRab7 cells as an oral prophylactic against WSSV in shrimp.


Assuntos
Penaeidae , Vírus da Síndrome da Mancha Branca 1 , Animais , Proteínas de Membrana , Penaeidae/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Saccharomycetales , Proteínas rab de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
11.
Microb Pathog ; 160: 105167, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478859

RESUMO

Poly-hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyhexanoate (PHBH) is a biodegradable, water-insoluble polymer produced by specific bacteria. The monomers of PHBH are the hydroxyalkanoic acids 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) and 3-hydroxyhexanoate (3HH). Previously, we reported that 3HB and 3HH showed marked antibacterial activities against the shrimp pathogenic bacterium Vibrio penaeicida, and that addition of 5% (w/w) PHBH to the standard aquaculture diet significantly increased survival rate in kuruma shrimp (Marsupenaeus japonicus) after challenge by V. penaeicida, which we attributed to the degradation of PHBH to its monomers in the shrimp gut. In the present study, we isolated four strains of bacteria with high PHBH-degrading activity and evaluated their inhibitory effects on V. penaeicida with PHBH: one strain from shrimp gut contents (E1; Pseudoalteromonas shioyasakiensis/P. mariniglutinosa), two strains from coastal surface seawater (F1; P. shioyasakiensis/P. mariniglutinosa, and F5; Alcanivorax dieselolei/A. xenomutans), and one strain that was a contaminant in commercial PHBH powder (Y1; Bacillus pseudofirmus). Strains E1, F1, and Y1 showed strong PHBH-degrading activity within 24 h of inoculation to PHBH-containing agar plates. Although none of the isolates alone had any effect on the growth of V. penaeicida, when cultured with E1 or F1 and PHBH, the growth of V. penaeicida was markedly suppressed. Incubation with E1 and PHBH resulted in a gradual reduction in the concentration of V. penaeicida from 2 days after the start of incubation until the concentration was 1.2% of that in the control (V. penaeicida alone). Incubation with F1 and PHBH resulted in a rapid reduction in the concentration of V. penaeicida from 2 days after the start of incubation until the concentration was only 0.32% of that of the control. Compared with strains E1 and F1, Y1 showed similar PHBH-degrading activity but did not show any suppressive effect on the growth of V. penaeicida until 5 days after the start of incubation. In addition, this suppressive effect was relatively weak compared with that of the other two strains, suggesting that Y1 can quickly degrade PHBH but that it takes several days to produce monomers. Together, these results suggest that addition to the aquaculture diet of PHBH and PHBH-degrading bacteria that rapidly degrade PHBH to its monomers may speed up degradation of PHBH to its monomers in the shrimp gut, and that it would increase resistance to infection mortality by V. penaeicida in kuruma shrimp.


Assuntos
Penaeidae , Vibrio , Alcanivoraceae , Animais , Bacillus , Hidroxibutiratos , Pseudoalteromonas
12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 225: 112774, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536791

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are critical post-transcriptional regulators, which play a crucial role in resistance to adverse environmental stress by regulating autophagy. However, the mechanism of miRNA involved in the autophagy regulation of shrimp under ammonia nitrogen stress is still limited. In the present study, ammonia nitrogen could induce hepatopancreas injury and oxidative stress of P. vannamei, and significantly increase the content of ROS in hemocytes by flow cytometry. Simultaneously, it is accompanied by autophagy occurred in the hemocytes and hepatopancreas. Furthermore, the qRT-PCR analysis revealed that the expression of pva-miR-252 in P. vannamei decreased significantly after ammonia nitrogen stress, and pva-miR-252 negatively regulated PvPI3K by binding to 3'UTR of PvPI3K by double-luciferase assay. Pva-miR-252 overexpression could significantly increase the level of autophagy, and restore the autophagy inhibition caused by Chloroquine in vitro , whereas silencing of pva-miR-252 resulted in the opposite effect. More importantly, overexpression of pva-miR-252 could enhance the activity of antioxidant enzymes and reduced the production of ROS of shrimp under ammonia nitrogen stress. In conclusion, pva-miR-252 could positively regulate autophagy through PvPI3K and improve the antioxidant enzyme activity of P. vannamei under ammonia nitrogen stress, and our study provides a novel theoretical molecular mechanism for further understanding the shrimp cope with a high ammonia nitrogen environment.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Penaeidae , Amônia/toxicidade , Animais , Autofagia , MicroRNAs/genética , Nitrogênio , Estresse Oxidativo , Penaeidae/genética
13.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 114(12): 2019-2031, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536184

RESUMO

The endemic Indian white shrimp (Penaeus indicus) is an economically important crustacean species, distributed in the Indo-West Pacific region. Knowledge of its gut microbial composition helps in dietary interventions to ensure improved health and production. Here we analyzed V3-V4 hypervariable regions of the 16 S rRNA gene to examine intestinal microbiota in wild and domesticated farmed P. indicus. The study revealed that Proteobacteria, Fusobacteria, Tenericutes, and Bacteroidetes, were the dominant phyla in both the groups although there were differences in relative abundance. The dominant genera in case of the wild group were Photobacterium (29.5 %) followed by Propionigenium (13.9 %), Hypnocyclicus (13.7 %) and Vibrio (11.1 %); while Vibrio (46.5 %), Catenococcus (14 %), Propionigenium (10.3 %) and Photobacterium (8.7 %) were dominant in the farmed group. The results of the study suggest the role of environment on the relative abundance of gut bacteria. This is the first report characterizing gut microbial diversity in P. indicus, which can be used to understand the role of gut microbiota in health, nutrition, reproduction, and growth.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Penaeidae , Animais , Bactérias/genética , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Genes de RNAr , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
14.
J Fish Dis ; 44(12): 2055-2066, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496040

RESUMO

The transcriptome and antibiotic resistance of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from Penaeus vannamei cultured in seawater (strain HN1)and freshwater (strain SH1) ponds were studied at different salinity (2‰ and 20‰). At different salinity, 623 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) significantly upregulated and 1,559 DEGs significantly downregulated in SH1. In HN1, 466 DEGs significantly upregulated and 1,930 DEGs significantly downregulated, indicating high salinity can lead to the downregulation of most genes. In KEGG analysis, the expression of DEGs annotated to starch and sucrose metabolism pathway was higher at 2‰ salinity than at 20‰ salinity in HN1 and SH1, implying salinity affected bacterial growth mainly through this pathway. In the enrichment analysis of upregulated DEGs, two pathways (Valine, leucine, and isoleucine degradation, and Butanoate metabolism) were significantly enriched at different salinity. Antibiotic-susceptibility test discovered that SH1 isolated from P. vannamei cultured in freshwater was resistant to multiple drugs, including kanamycin, gentamicin, medemycin, and azithromycin, at a salinity of 2‰, whereas at 20‰ salinity, SH1 was not resistant to the drugs. The HN1 strain isolated from P. vannamei cultured in mariculture was resistant to polymyxin B and clindamycin at 20‰ salinity. Whereas, HN1 was intermediately susceptible to these two antibiotics at 2‰ salinity. These results indicate that the drug resistance of bacteria was affected by salinity. Furthermore, beta-lactam resistance was significantly enriched in SH1 at different salinity, and the inhibition zone of penicillin G was consistent with the results of a beta-lactam resistance pathway.


Assuntos
Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/fisiologia , Salinidade , Transcriptoma , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/metabolismo , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Aquicultura , Penaeidae/microbiologia , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/genética
15.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257792, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559852

RESUMO

Spray-dried animal plasma (SDP) in feed for several animal species provides health benefits, but research about use of SDP in shrimp feed is very limited. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the effects of dietary SDP on growth performance, feed utilization, immune responses, and prevention of Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection in Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). In Experiment 1, the post-larvae were divided into five groups (four tank/group and 80 shrimp/tank) and fed four times daily diets with porcine SDP at 0, 1.5, 3, 4.5, and 6% of the diet for 45 days. In Experiment 2, the surviving shrimp from Experiment 1 were redistributed into six groups: four SDP groups as in Experiment 1 plus the positive and negative controls (four tank/group and 30 shrimp/tank). They were then challenged with V. parahaemolyticus by immersion at 105 colony-forming units (CFU)/mL and were fed with the same diets for another 4 days. In Experiment 1, shrimp fed 4.5% or 6% SDP diets had significantly higher body weight, survival rate, and improved feed conversion ratio. The immune parameters (total hemocyte count and phagocytic, phenoloxidase, and superoxide dismutase activities) of the shrimp fed 3-6% SDP diets also showed significant enhancement compared to the control. In Experiment 2, the survival rates of the 3-6% SDP groups were significantly higher than the positive control at day 4 after the immersion challenge. Likewise, the histopathological study revealed milder signs of bacterial infection in the hepatopancreas of the 3-6% SDP groups compared to the challenged positive control and 1.5% SDP groups. In conclusion, shrimp fed diets with SDP, especially at 4.5-6% of the diet, showed significant improvement in overall health conditions and better resistance to V. parahaemolyticus infection.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Resistência à Doença , Penaeidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plasma/química , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/imunologia , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Peso Corporal , Hemócitos/metabolismo , Imunidade Inata , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Larva/imunologia , Larva/virologia , Penaeidae/imunologia , Penaeidae/virologia , Fagócitos/metabolismo , Secagem por Atomização , Suínos
16.
Aquat Toxicol ; 240: 105967, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555743

RESUMO

While chromium (Cr) has been recognized as an essential nutrient for all animals, and dietary supplementation can be beneficial, it can also be toxic. The present study aimed to investigate the contrasting effects of dietary chromium in Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Five experimental diets were formulated to contain Cr at levels of 0.82 (Cr0.82, unsupplemented diet), 1.01 (Cr1.01), 1.22 (Cu1.22), 1.43 (Cr1.43) and 1.63 (Cr1.63) mg/kg and were fed to shrimp for 8 weeks. Highest weight gain was recorded in shrimp fed the diet containing 1.22 mg/kg Cr. Shrimp fed the diet containing the highest level of Cr (1.63 mg/kg) showed the lowest weight gain and clear signs of oxidative stress and apoptosis as evidenced by higher levels of H2O2, malondialdehyde and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine, and expression of caspase 2, 3, 5, and lower contents of total and oxidized glutathione, and expression of Cu/Zn sod, cat, gpx, mt, bcl2. Chromium supplementation promoted glycolysis and inhibited gluconeogenesis as shown by increased activities of hexokinase, phosphofructokinase and pyruvate kinase, and reduced activity of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase in shrimp fed the diet containing 1.43 mg/kg Cr. Shrimp fed the diet with 1.63 mg/kg Cr had lowest contents of crustacean hyperglycemic hormone and insulin like peptide in hemolymph. Expression of genes involved in insulin signaling pathway and glycose metabolism including insr, irs1, pik3ca, pdpk1, akt, acc1, gys, glut1, pk, hk were up-regulated, and foxO1, gsk-3ß, g6pc, pepck were down-regulated in shrimp fed the diets supplemented with Cr. This study demonstrated that optimum dietary supplementation of Cr had beneficial effects on glucose homeostasis and growth, whereas excess caused oxidative damage and impaired growth. The results contribute to our understanding of the biological functions of chromium in shrimp.


Assuntos
Penaeidae , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Cromo/toxicidade , Dieta , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Glucose , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta , Homeostase , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Imunidade Inata , Estresse Oxidativo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
17.
Molecules ; 26(18)2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577161

RESUMO

Removing toxic heavy metal species from aqueous solutions is a point of concern in our society. In this paper, a promising biomass adsorbent, the modified waste shrimp shell (MS), for Cu (II) removal was successfully prepared using a facile and simple one-step modification, making it possible to achieve high-efficiency recycling of the waste NaOH solution as the modification agent. The outcome shows that with the continuous increase in pH, temperature and ion concentration, the adsorption effect of MS on Cu (II) can also be continuously improved. Adsorption isotherm and adsorption kinetics were fitted with the Langmuir isotherm model and the pseudo-second-order model, respectively, and the maximum adsorption capacity of Cu (II) as obtained from the Langmuir isotherm model fitting reached 1.04 mmol/g. The systematic desorption results indicated that the desorption rate of Cu (II) in the MS could reach 100% within 6 min, where HNO3 is used as the desorption agent. Moreover, experiments have proven that after five successive recycles of NaOH as a modifier, the adsorption capacity of MS on Cu (II) was efficient and stable, maintaining tendency in 0.83-0.85 mmol/g, which shows that waste NaOH solution can be used as a modification agent in the preparation of waste shrimp shell adsorbent, such as waste NaOH solution produced in industrial production, thereby making it possible to turn waste into renewable resources and providing a new way to recycle resources.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Penaeidae/química , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Purificação da Água/métodos , Adsorção , Animais , Cátions Bivalentes , Cobre/isolamento & purificação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Concentração Osmolar , Penaeidae/anatomia & histologia , Frutos do Mar , Hidróxido de Sódio/química , Temperatura , Termodinâmica , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação
18.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 93(suppl 3): e20191341, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378634

RESUMO

In this study, we aimed to exploit natural extracts from the spicy vegetables, which are rich in phenolic compounds as an initial treatment step in the cold storage process for shrimp. Firstly, 40 extracts from 10 types of spicy vegetables in Vietnam were prepared and tested for their bioactivities. Among samples, the extract from Persicaria Odorata leaves (E-4) exhibited the highest potential of scavenging DPPH free radical (IC50 of 7.54 µg.mL-1) and decreasing tyrosinase activity with the inhibition percentage of 54.2 % at the concentration of 100 mg/mL. Twenty-two out of a total of 36 chemical compounds in the E-4 extract identified using HPLC-MS technique were phenolic compounds, in which four compounds (morin, quercetin, fisetin, astragalin) are flavonoids. Shrimp (Litopenaus vannamei) samples were treated with the E-4 extract having lower gray values, lipid peroxidation values, and microbiological counts than those of the control samples after 7 days of storage at 2 oC. These results show the potential of using the natural extract as a safe and effective alternative for commercial chemical-derived preservatives in the shrimp storage process.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Conservação de Alimentos , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase , Penaeidae , Extratos Vegetais/química , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Flavonoides , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Folhas de Planta/química , Polygonaceae/química , Verduras , Vietnã
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360624

RESUMO

Although apoferritin has been widely utilized as a new class of natural protein nanovehicles for encapsulation and delivery of nutraceuticals, its ability to remove metal heavy ions has yet to be explored. In this study, for the first time, we demonstrated that the ferritin from kuruma prawns (Marsupenaeus japonicus), named MjF, has a pronouncedly larger ability to resist denaturation induced by Cd2+ and Hg2+ as compared to its analogue, human H-chain ferritin (HuHF), despite the fact that these two proteins share a high similarity in protein structure. Treatment of HuHF with Cd2+ or Hg2+ at a metal ion/protein shell ratio of 100/1 resulted in marked protein aggregation, while the MjF solution was kept constantly clear upon treatment with Cd2+ and Hg2+ at different protein shell/metal ion ratios (50/1, 100/1, 250/1, 500/1, 1000/1, and 2500/1). Structural comparison analyses in conjunction with the newly solved crystal structure of the complex of MjF plus Cd2+ or Hg2+ revealed that cysteine (Cys) is a major residue responsible for such binding, and that the large difference in the ability to resist denaturation induced by these two heavy metal ions between MjF and HuHF is mainly derived from the different positions of Cys residues in these two proteins; namely, Cys residues in HuHF are located on the outer surface, while Cys residues from MjF are buried within the protein shell. All of these findings raise the high possibility that prawn ferritin, as a food-derived protein, could be developed into a novel bio-template to remove heavy metal ions from contaminated food systems.


Assuntos
Cádmio/química , Ferritinas/química , Mercúrio/química , Metais Pesados/química , Penaeidae/química , Animais
20.
Viruses ; 13(7)2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34372583

RESUMO

The present study was intended to screen the wild crustaceans for co-infection with Infectious Hypodermal and Hematopoietic Necrosis Virus (IHHNV) and White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) in Andaman and Nicobar Archipelago, India. We screened a total of 607 shrimp and 110 crab samples using a specific polymerase chain reaction, and out of them, 82 shrimps (13.5%) and 5 (4.5%) crabs were found positive for co-infection of IHHNV and WSSV. A higher rate of co-infection was observed in Penaeus monodon and Scylla serrata than other shrimp and crab species. The nucleotide sequences of IHHNV and WSSV obtained from crab in this present study exhibited very high sequence identity with their counterparts retrieved from various countries. Histopathological analysis of the infected shrimp gill sections further confirmed the eosinophilic intra-nuclear cowdry type A inclusion bodies and basophilic intra-nuclear inclusion bodies characteristics of IHHNV and WSSV infections, respectively. The present study serves as the first report on co-infection of WSSV and IHHNV in Andaman and Nicobar Archipelago, India and accentuates the critical need for continuous monitoring of wild crustaceans and appropriate biosecurity measures for brackishwater aquaculture.


Assuntos
Braquiúros/virologia , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Penaeidae/virologia , Animais , Animais Selvagens/virologia , Aquicultura/métodos , Densovirinae/genética , Densovirinae/patogenicidade , Índia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Vírus da Síndrome da Mancha Branca 1/genética , Vírus da Síndrome da Mancha Branca 1/patogenicidade
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