Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.021
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 398: 133876, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35969990

RESUMO

Terasi is a fermented shrimp paste in Indonesia. We examined the effect of the Terasi manufacturing process on the abundance of the allergen tropomyosin (TM) and its IgG/IgE-binding ability. Terasi was produced from three shrimps, Akiami (Acetes japonicus), Okiami (Euphausia pacifica), and Isazaami (Neomysis awatchensis). Protein degradation and TM IgE-binding activity were examined by immunoblotting using anti-TM rabbit IgG and competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays using shrimp-allergic patients' sera. The processing caused TM degradation, and the IgG-specific response in Akiami meat disappeared at the second fermentation step but remained in both Okiami and Isazaami Terasi. In contrast, TM IgE-binding in all meats decreased gradually during manufacturing and nearly completely disappeared in Akiami Terasi. Conclusively, Terasi production is an effective manufacturing process to reduce the IgE-binding ability of TM, and Terasi can be recognized as a low allergenic seafood when produced under an appropriate manufacturing condition.


Assuntos
Decápodes , Alimentos Fermentados , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar , Penaeidae , Alérgenos/metabolismo , Animais , Crustáceos/metabolismo , Decápodes/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina E/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina G/metabolismo , Indonésia , Penaeidae/metabolismo , Coelhos , Alimentos Marinhos , Tropomiosina/metabolismo
2.
Food Chem ; 403: 134314, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36179632

RESUMO

Tropomyosin (TM) is a major shellfish allergen and a minor fish allergen. Different digestion profiles affect potential allergen anaphylaxis of protein. In this study, released peptides of fish-TM, shrimp-TM, and clam-TM by in vitro digestion of simulated gastric fluid (SGF), simulated intestinal fluid (SIF), and gastrointestinal (GI) were analyzed using sequential windowed acquisition of all theoretical fragment ion mass spectra (SWATH-MS) based proteomics. Results showed that digestion products of shrimp-TM yielded a lot of peptides matched T/B cell epitopes while core regions matched epitopes were distributed along the entire chain. Pepsin or trypsin-based digestion products of shrimp-TM presented many more peptides matched T/B cell epitopes compared with those of fish-TM and clam-TM. Besides, a differentiating peptide of VEKDKALSNAEGEVAAL (72-88) overlapped T/B cell epitopes could be used as a candidate peptide marker to identify tropomyosin allergen. These findings would supply new insight into the different allergenicity of tropomyosin.


Assuntos
Bivalves , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar , Penaeidae , Perciformes , Animais , Tropomiosina/metabolismo , Mapeamento de Epitopos , Epitopos de Linfócito B/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina E/metabolismo , Proteômica , Penaeidae/metabolismo , Alérgenos/metabolismo , Bivalves/genética , Bivalves/metabolismo , Perciformes/metabolismo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Digestão
3.
Food Chem ; 403: 134388, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183471

RESUMO

A new protein complex (SAKP-Cur) was successfully prepared by combining soluble Antarctic krill protein with curcumin through hydrophobic action. The potency of photodynamic inactivation (PDI) mediated by the complex on preserving the storage quality of shrimp at 4 °C was investigated by microbiological, chemical, physical and histological methods. Results showed that the SAKP-Cur significantly improved the stability of curcumin, and greatly inactivated the native bacteria in shrimp driven by PDI. Meanwhile, the complex-mediated PDI effectively reduced the endogenous enzyme activity, the production of total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in shrimp. Moreover, it obviously maintained the integrity and elasticity of the muscle fibers, thereby reducing the loss of water in myofibrils. Notably, the SAKP-Cur enhanced the PDI potency to preserve the freshness of shrimp during 4 °C storage or freeze-thaw cycles treatment. Therefore, the SAKP-Cur coupled with PDI is an effective fresh-keeping technology for aquatic products.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Euphausiacea , Penaeidae , Animais , Curcumina/farmacologia , Frutos do Mar/análise , Alimentos Marinhos , Penaeidae/química
4.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0275892, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395266

RESUMO

Decapod crustaceans are a diverse group englobing several species of commercial and ecological interest. In the Mediterranean Sea, decapod crustacean fisheries are among the most profitable, although in many cases their early life stages are poorly known. In this study, we tackle the composition and diversity patterns of the decapod larval communities along the eastern Spanish Mediterranean coast. Zooplankton sampling was carried out in surface waters at 101 stations from July 20th to August 31st 2016, over bottom depths between 90 and 1840 m. All shrimp larvae were identified to the lowest possible taxonomical level, and larvae from Anomura, Achelata and Brachyura were left at infraorder level. No larvae of Astacidea or Polychelida were found. The total zooplankton volume was estimated. A total of 20,022 decapod crustacean larvae were identified, focusing on shrimp taxa (suborder Dendrobranchiata and infraorder Caridea). Both zooplankton volume and decapod larval density values were higher in the northern part of the studied area, cut by deep submarine canyons. After assessing the diversity parameters of the decapod larval community, we present the summer mesoscale larval distribution of several species of commercial interest such as the caramote prawn (Penaeus kerathurus) or the deep-water rose shrimp (Parapenaeus longirostris). The northern submarine canyons are dominated by the presence of Penaeoidea, being the deep-sea shrimp Aristeus antennatus the dominant species in the community in this area, while the Sergestoidea are more abundant in the southern zone. This is the largest-scale study on decapod larvae mesoscale distribution in the Mediterranean Sea.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Decápodes , Penaeidae , Animais , Larva , Estações do Ano , Zooplâncton
5.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(11): 685, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319873

RESUMO

For the last 3 decades the shrimp industries has been plagued by many destructive diseases, which have resulted in severe production and economic losses to many aquaculture countries. These include viral, bacterial and parasitic diseases. Recently, another emerging viral disease is threatening the shrimp culture industry in Asia. The virus originally called Cherax quadricarinatus iridovirus (CQIV) or Shrimp hemocyte iridescent virus (SHIV) and now classified within the proposed genus Decapodiridovirus and formally named as Decapod iridescent virus 1 (DIV1) by International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). The virus was first detected as early as 2014 from Cherax quadricarinatus samples in Fujian Province and farmed white leg shrimp Penaeus vannamei samples from Zhejiang Province. This review article encompasses the significance of the DIV1 and their implications for the future of the global aquaculture.


Assuntos
Iridoviridae , Penaeidae , Viroses , Animais , Aquicultura , Alimentos Marinhos
6.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0276164, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Viral diseases are a major problem in shrimp aquaculture facilities as these diseases reduce growth rates, which inevitably lead to production and profit losses. Hepatopancreatic parvoviruses (HPV) are common diseases in shrimp that appear to be associated with high or low levels of replication in specific genetic lineages. Selective breeding may result in resistance to HPV and improved body traits such as body weight, meat yield and shrimp colour, facilitating shrimp farming. HPV virus titre is commonly determined by quantitative PCR (qPCR), which is a time-consuming method requiring laboratory equipment unsuitable for field implementation. The aim of this study was to develop a simple, robust, rapid and reliable method to detect HPV in low-resource environments. METHODS: We developed a rapid shrimp HPV test that uses (1) a simple three-step sample preparation protocol, followed by (2) isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) and lateral flow strip detection (LFD). Analytical sensitivity testing was performed in a background banana shrimp sample matrix, and retrospective testing of Fenneropenaeus merguiensis hepatopancreas tissues (n = 33) with known qPCR viral titres was used to determine diagnostic sensitivity and specificity. RESULTS: The rapid shrimp HPV test could detect as little as 35 genome-equivalent copies per reaction in homogenized F. merguiensis banana shrimp. Retrospective testing of stored tissues (n = 33) indicated 100% diagnostic sensitivity (95% confidence interval, CI: 86-100%) and 100% specificity (95% CI: 66-100%) for detection of HPV. CONCLUSION: The rapid shrimp HPV test could be completed in only 40 minutes, and required only homogenization pestles, some pipettors, and a small heating block for single temperature incubation at 39°C. Critically, our procedure eliminated the time-consuming purification of nucleic acids from samples and when combined with RPA-LFD offers a user-friendly HPV detection format that can potentially be performed on-site. Our approach represents a major step forward in the development of a simple and sensitive end-point method for quick determination of unfavourable HPV virus numbers in shrimp, and has great potential to advance on-site management of shrimps in aquaculture.


Assuntos
Infecções por Papillomavirus , Parvovirus , Penaeidae , Animais , Recombinases , Estudos Retrospectivos , Penaeidae/genética , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Parvovirus/genética , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos
7.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(11)2022 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360293

RESUMO

Sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) play vital roles in fatty acid metabolism and other metabolic processes in mammals. However, in penaeid shrimp, the repertoire of genes modulated by SREBP is unknown. Here, RNA interference-mediated knockdown followed by transcriptome sequencing on the Illumina Novaseq 6000 platform was used to explore the genes modulated by SREBP in Penaeus vannamei hepatopancreas. A total of 706 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified, out of which 282 were upregulated and 424 downregulated. Although gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses revealed that most of the downregulated DEGs were involved in physiological processes related to immunity, metabolism, and cellular signaling pathways, many of the dysregulated genes have uncharacterized functions. While most of the dysregulated genes were annotated in metabolic processes, such as carbohydrate metabolism, lipid metabolism, signal transduction, and immune system, a large number (42.21%) are uncharacterized. Collectively, our current data revealed that SREBP modulates many genes involved in crucial physiological processes, such as energy metabolism, immune response, and cellular signaling pathways, as well as numerous genes with unannotated functions, in penaeid shrimp. These findings indicated that our knowledge of the repertoire of genes modulated by SREBP in shrimp lags behind that of mammals, probably due to limited research or because the complete genome of P. vannamei has just been sequenced.


Assuntos
Penaeidae , Animais , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 1/genética , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 1/metabolismo , Transcriptoma/genética , Hepatopâncreas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Mamíferos/genética
8.
Viruses ; 14(11)2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36366547

RESUMO

Short open reading frames (sORFs) are a newly identified family of genes, and the functions of most sORF genes and their encoded peptides (SEPs) are still unknown. In this study, two ATP synthase subunits were identified in kuruma shrimp (Marsupenaeus japonicus) as SEPs, namely MjATP5I and MjATP5L. They were widely distributed in all of the tested tissues of shrimp and upregulated in hemocytes and intestines in response to WSSV challenge. The injection of recombinant proteins (rMjATP5I and rMjATP5L) increased the expression of Ie1 and Vp28, while the knockdown of MjATP5I and MjATP5L decreased the expression of Ie1 and Vp28. All of the results suggest that MjATP5I and MjATP5L were beneficial for WSSV replication. Further exploration found that MjATP5I and MjATP5L RNAi significantly improved the shrimp survival rates, reduced ATP production, and upregulated the expression of antimicrobial peptide genes post viral challenge, and the two ATPase subunits and Relish negatively regulated each other. These results reveal that MjATP5I and MjATP5L facilitated WSSV duplication by regulating the production of ATP contents and the expression of antimicrobial peptide genes in shrimp.


Assuntos
Penaeidae , Vírus da Síndrome da Mancha Branca 1 , Animais , Vírus da Síndrome da Mancha Branca 1/genética , Proteínas de Artrópodes/química , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Penaeidae/genética , Peptídeos/genética , Trifosfato de Adenosina
9.
Mar Drugs ; 20(11)2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36355025

RESUMO

To explore the application of chitosan-gentamicin conjugate (CS-GT) in inhibiting Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus), which is an important pathogen in aquatic animals worldwide, the antimicrobial activity of CS-GT and the effects of a CS-GT dose on the intestine histopathology and intestinal flora of V. parahaemolyticus-infected shrimps were explored. The results showed that CS-GT possessed broad-spectrum antibacterial activity, with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) and half inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 20.00 ± 0.01, 75.00 ± 0.02 and 18.72 ± 3.17 µg/mL for V. parahaemolyticus, respectively. Further scanning electron microscope and cell membrane damage analyses displayed that the electrostatic interaction of CS-GT with cell membrane strengthened after CS grafted GT, resulting in leakage of nucleic acid and electrolytes of V. parahaemolyticus. On the other hand, histopathology investigation indicated that high (100 mg/kg) and medium (50 mg/kg) doses of CS-GT could alleviate the injury of a shrimp's intestine caused by V. parahaemolyticus. Further 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis found high and medium dose of CS-GT could effectively inhabit V. parahaemolyticus invasion and reduce intestinal dysfunction. In conclusion, CS-GT possesses good antibacterial activity and could protect shrimps from pathogenic bacteria infection.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Penaeidae , Vibrio parahaemolyticus , Animais , Quitosana/farmacologia , Quitosana/metabolismo , Gentamicinas/farmacologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Penaeidae/genética , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/metabolismo
10.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 90: 106217, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347155

RESUMO

The effects of high-intensity ultrasound on the physicochemical and gelling properties of Litopenaeus vannamei (L. vannamei) myofibrillar protein (MP) were investigated. MP solutions were subjected to ultrasound treatment (power 100 W, 300 W, and 500 W). It was found that the carbonyl and free amino contents of MP increased significantly with increasing ultrasound power, accompanied by enhanced emulsification properties. The increase of free radical and carbonyl content indicated that ultrasound induced the oxidation of MP. With the increase of ultrasound power, it was found that the total sulfhydryl content of the shrimp MP decreased, but the surface hydrophobicity increased significantly, which might be closely related to the conformational changes of MP. Meanwhile, a significant increase of ß-sheet but a decrease of α-helix in the secondary structure of MP was observed with increasing ultrasound power, indicating that ultrasound treatment induced the stretching and flexibility of MP molecules. SDS-PAGE showed that L. vannamei MP consisted of myosin heavy chain, actin, myosin light chain, paramyosin and tropomyosin. Ultrasound treatment could lead to some degree of oxidative aggregation of MP. The results of rheological properties indicated that ultrasound treatment enhanced the viscoelasticity of MP and further improved the gel strength of MP gel. This study can provide a theoretical basis for the functional modification of shrimp MP and the processing of its surimi products.


Assuntos
Penaeidae , Animais , Géis/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Reologia , Oxirredução
11.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 90: 106218, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36356497

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of single ultrasound (360 W, 20 min), single microwave (10 W/g, 120 s) and ultrasonic-microwave combination treatment on shrimp surimi gel properties. The structure and physicochemical properties of myofibrillar protein (MP) were also determined. Low-field nuclear magnetic resonance showed that the fluidity of water molecules and the moisture content decreased, the stability and water holding capacity (WHC) increased after single ultrasound, single microwave and ultrasonic-microwave combination treatment. Compared with the traditional water bath treatment, ultrasound and microwave treatment reduced the total sulfhydryl content and promoted the formation of intermolecular disulfide bonds and hydrophobic interactions, which improved the compactness of the network structure of shrimp surimi gel. Moreover, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis revealed that these treatments not only inhibited the degradation of MP, but also decreased the α-helix content and increased the ß-sheet content. The three treatments also significantly reduced the particle size and decreased the solubility of MP. Overall, the effect of ultrasonic-microwave combination treatment was superior to that of either single treatment.


Assuntos
Micro-Ondas , Penaeidae , Animais , Géis/química , Ultrassom , Água/química
12.
PLoS Pathog ; 18(11): e1010967, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36417479

RESUMO

Small antibacterial effectors, including lysozymes, lectins, and antimicrobial peptides, are key regulators of intestinal immunity. However, whether there is coordination among them during regulation is an interesting, but largely unknown, issue. In the present study, we revealed that small effectors synergistically regulate peptidoglycan-derived intestinal immunity in the kuruma shrimp, Marsupenaeus japonicus. A C-type lysozyme (LysC) was screened as a responsive factor for the intestine-bacteria interaction. LysC functions to restrict intestinal bacteria, mainly by cleaving Photobacterium damselae peptidoglycan to generate muropeptides which are powerful stimulators that induce anti-lipopolysaccharides factor B1 (AlfB1), an effective bactericidal peptide. The muropeptides also induce a C-type lectin (Ctl24), which recognizes peptidoglycan and coats bacteria. By counteracting LysC-mediated muropeptide release and AlfB1's bactericidal activity, Ctl24 prevents the continuous elimination of intestinal bacteria. Therefore, this study demonstrates a mechanism by which small immune effectors coordinate to achieve intestinal homeostasis, and provides new insights into peptidoglycan-derived intestinal immunity in invertebrates.


Assuntos
Penaeidae , Peptidoglicano , Animais , Parede Celular , Intestinos , Lectinas Tipo C
13.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 986491, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36246877

RESUMO

Insulin-like peptides (ILPs) play key roles in animal growth, metabolism and reproduction in vertebrates. In crustaceans, one type of ILPs, insulin-like androgenic gland hormone (IAG) had been reported to be related to the sex differentiations. However, the function of other types of ILPs is rarely reported. Here, we identified another type of ILPs in the ridgetail white prawn Exopalaemon carinicauda (EcILP), which is an ortholog of Drosophila melanogaster ILP7. Sequence characterization and expression analyses showed that EcILP is similar to vertebrate insulin/IGFs and insect ILPs in its heterodimeric structure and expression profile. Using CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technology, we generated EcILP knockout (KO) prawns. EcILP-KO individuals have a significant higher growth-inhibitory trait and mortality than those in the normal group. In addition, knockdown of EcILP by RNA interference (RNAi) resulted in slower growth rate and higher mortality. These results indicated that EcILP was an important growth regulator in E. carinicauda.


Assuntos
Insulinas , Palaemonidae , Penaeidae , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Drosophila melanogaster , Hormônios , Mutação , Palaemonidae/genética , Peptídeos/genética
14.
Front Immunol ; 13: 982717, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36189245

RESUMO

In recent years, with global warming and increasing marine pollution, some novel marine viruses have become widespread in the aquaculture industry, causing huge losses to the aquaculture industry. Decapod iridescent virus 1 (DIV1) is one of the newly discovered marine viruses that has been reported to be detected in a variety of farmed crustacean and wild populations. Several previous studies have found that DIV1 can induce Warburg effect-related gene expression. In this study, the effects of DIV1 infection on intestinal health of shrimp were further explored from the aspects of histological, enzymatic activities, microorganisms and metabolites using Marsupenaeus japonicus as the object of study. The results showed that obvious injury in the intestinal mucosa was observed after DIV1 infection, the oxidative and antioxidant capacity of the shrimp intestine was unbalanced, the activity of lysozyme was decreased, and the activities of digestive enzymes were disordered, and secondary bacterial infection was caused. Furthermore, the increased abundance of harmful bacteria, such as Photobacterium and Vibrio, may synergized with DIV1 to promote the Warburg effect and induce metabolic reprogramming, thereby providing material and energy for DIV1 replication. This study is the first to report the changes of intestinal microbiota and metabolites of M. japonicus under DIV1 infection, demonstrating that DIV1 can induce secondary bacterial infection and metabolic reprogramming. Several bacteria and metabolites highly associated with DIV1 infection were screened, which may be leveraged for diagnosis of pathogenic infections or incorporated as exogenous metabolites to enhance immune response.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Penaeidae , Vibrio , Animais , Antioxidantes , Iridoviridae , Muramidase
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(19)2022 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36232879

RESUMO

Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) is the pathogen of hepatopancreatic microsporidiosis (HPM) in shrimp. The diseased shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei exhibits a slow growth syndrome, which causes severe economic losses. Herein, 4D label-free quantitative proteomics was employed to analyze the hepatopancreas of L. vannamei with a light (EHPptp2 < 103 copies/50 ng hpDNA, L group) and heavy (EHPptp2 > 104 copies/50 ng hpDNA, H group) load of EHP to better understand the pathogenesis of HPM. Exactly 786 (L group) and 1056 (H group) differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) versus the EHP-free (C group) control were mainly clustered to lipid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and energy production processing. Compared with the L group, the H group exhibited down-regulation significantly in lipid metabolism, especially in the elongation and degradation of fatty acid, biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acid, metabolism of α-linolenic acid, sphingolipid, and glycerolipid, as well as juvenile hormone (JH) degradation. Expression pattern analysis showed that the degree of infection was positively correlated with metabolic change. About 479 EHP proteins were detected in infected shrimps, including 95 predicted transporters. These findings suggest that EHP infection induced the consumption of storage lipids and the entire down-regulation of lipid metabolism and the coupling energy production, in addition to the hormone metabolism disorder. These were ultimately responsible for the stunted growth.


Assuntos
Hepatopâncreas , Penaeidae , Aminoácidos , Animais , Regulação para Baixo , Enterocytozoon , Hormônios , Hormônios Juvenis , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Proteômica , Esfingolipídeos , Ácido alfa-Linolênico
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(19)2022 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36233199

RESUMO

In the Hippo pathway, activation of Hippo and Warts (Wts) kinases results in the phosphorylation of Yorkie (Yki), to prevent its nuclear translocation. Shrimp aquaculture is threatened by Vibrio genus bacteria. In this study, we examine the role of the Hippo pathway in immune defense against Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Pacific white shrimp Penaeus vannamei. We show that V. parahaemolyticus infection promotes the expression of Yki and facilitates the dephosphorylation and nuclear translocation of Yki, indicating the inhibition of Hippo signaling upon bacterial infection. There is a complex regulatory relationship between the Hippo pathway components Hippo, Wts, and Yki and the immune-related transcription factors Dorsal, Relish, and STAT. Silencing of Hippo and Wts weakened hemocyte phagocytosis, while the silencing of Yki enhanced it, suggesting a positive regulation of shrimp cellular immunity by Hippo signaling activation. In vivo silencing of Hippo and Wts decreased the survival rates of V. parahaemolyticus-infected shrimp and elevated the bacterial content in tissues, while the silencing of Yki showed the opposite results. This suggests that the activation of Hippo signaling and the inhibition of Yki enhance antibacterial immunity in shrimp.


Assuntos
Penaeidae , Vibrioses , Vibrio parahaemolyticus , Animais , Imunidade , Penaeidae/imunologia , Penaeidae/microbiologia , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Vibrioses/veterinária
17.
Molecules ; 27(19)2022 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36234840

RESUMO

The present study aimed to explore the effects of ultra-high pressure (UHP) on the cathepsin (B, D, H, and L) activities, protein oxidation, and degradation properties as well as quality characteristics of iced shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Fresh shrimps were vacuum-packed, treated with UHP (100-500 MPa for 5 min), and stored at 0 °C for 15 days. The results showed that the L* (luminance), b* (yellowness), W (whiteness), ΔE (color difference), hardness, shear force, gumminess, chewiness, and resilience of shrimp were significantly improved by UHP treatment. Moreover, the contents of surface hydrophobicity, myofibril fragmentation index (MFI), trichloroacetic acid (TCA)-soluble peptides, carbonyl, dityrosine, and free sulfhydryl of myofibrillar protein (MP) were significantly promoted by UHP treatment. In addition, UHP (above 300 MPa) treatment enhanced the mitochondrial membrane permeability but inhibited the lysosomal membrane stability, and the cathepsin (B, D, H, and L) activities. UHP treatment notably inhibited the activities of cathepsins, delayed protein oxidation and degradation, as well as texture softening of shrimp during storage. Generally, UHP treatment at 300 MPa for 5 min effectively delayed the protein and quality deterioration caused by endogenous enzymes and prolonged the shelf life of shrimp by 8 days.


Assuntos
Gelo , Penaeidae , Animais , Penaeidae/química , Alimentos Marinhos , Ácido Tricloroacético/farmacologia , Vácuo
18.
Front Immunol ; 13: 1034994, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36275652

RESUMO

The shortage of fishmeal (FM) resources limits the healthy development of aquaculture. Developing new protein sources to replace FM in aquatic feeds is an effective measure to alleviate this situation. However, the application effect of new protein sources is greatly affected by water salinity, which is an important parameter of aquaculture. In this study, the growth, disease resistance, and intestinal digestion, immunity, and microbiota structure of Litopenaeus vannamei (initial weight: 0.38 ± 0.01 g) fed on Clostridium autoethanogenum protein (CAP) or not at three different water salinities (15 ‰, 30 ‰, and 45 ‰) were compared, aiming to explore the effects of dietary CAP on shrimp when suffering different salinity stresses. The results showed that the growth performance, feed utilization, and survival rate (SR) after pathogen challenge of L. vannamei could be significantly improved by dietary CAP when compared with the control at the same salinity and they were also significantly affected by salinity changes when L. vannamei was fed on the same protein source. With the increase in salinity, obvious upregulation was observed in the activities and gene expression of digestive enzymes both in L. vannamei fed on FM and CAP, with significantly higher levels in L. vannamei fed on CAP than in those fed on FM at the same salinity. Meanwhile, the expression levels of immune genes in the CAP group were significantly higher than those in the FM group at different salinities. The intestinal microbiota analysis showed that CAP could increase the relative abundance of beneficial bacteria and decrease the relative abundance of harmful bacteria in the intestine of L. vannamei at the phylum, family, and genus levels, and it was more affected by salinity changes when compared with FM. Besides, the changes in salinity and protein sources led to different changes in the intestinal microflora function of L. vannamei. In sum, this study indicated that CAP could improve the growth, disease resistance, digestive capacity, and intestinal microflora of L. vannamei with a much more intense immune response and enhance its ability to cope with salinity stress.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Penaeidae , Animais , Salinidade , Ração Animal/análise , Resistência à Doença , Água , Dieta , Intestinos/microbiologia , Proteínas na Dieta , Digestão
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(20)2022 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36293554

RESUMO

Doublesex (Dsx) is a polymorphic transcription factor of the DMRTs family, which is involved in male sex trait development and controls sexual dimorphism at different developmental stages in arthropods. However, the transcriptional regulation of the Dsx gene is largely unknown in decapods. In this study, we reported the cDNA sequence of PmDsx in Penaeus monodon, which encodes a 257 amino acid polypeptide. It shared many similarities with Dsx homologs and has a close relationship in the phylogeny of different species. We demonstrated that the expression of the male sex differentiation gene Dsx was predominantly expressed in the P. monodon testis, and that PmDsx dsRNA injection significantly decreased the expression of the insulin-like androgenic gland hormone (IAG) and male sex-determining gene while increasing the expression of the female sex-determining gene. We also identified a 5'-flanking region of PmIAG that had two potential cis-regulatory elements (CREs) for the PmDsx transcription. Further, the dual-luciferase reporter analysis and truncated mutagenesis revealed that PmDsx overexpression significantly promoted the transcriptional activity of the PmIAG promoter via a specific CRE. These results suggest that PmDsx is engaged in male reproductive development and positively regulates the transcription of the PmIAG by specifically binding upstream of the promoter of the PmIAG. It provides a theoretical basis for exploring the sexual regulation pathway and evolutionary dynamics of Dmrt family genes in P. monodon.


Assuntos
Insulinas , Penaeidae , Animais , Masculino , Feminino , Penaeidae/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , DNA Complementar , Sequência de Bases , Filogenia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Hormônios , Aminoácidos/genética , Insulinas/genética
20.
Viruses ; 14(10)2022 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36298775

RESUMO

The emergence and spread of disease-causing viruses in shrimp aquaculture is not uncommon. Since 2016, unusual mortalities have been affecting the Brazilian shrimp industry and we have associated these unusual mortalities with a novel variant of infectious myonecrosis virus (IMNV). The transcriptome analysis of these diseased shrimp showed an additional divergent viral sequence that we have assigned to the family Solinviviridae. The novel virus has been tentatively termed Penaeus vannamei solinvivirus (PvSV) (GenBank accession: OP265432). The full-length genome of the PvSV is 10.44 kb (excluding the poly A tail) and codes for a polyprotein of 3326 aa. Five conserved domains coding for a helicase, RdRp, calicivirus coat protein, G-patch and tegument protein were identified. The genome organization of the PvSV is similar to other (Nylan deria fulva virus 1) solinvivirus. A unique feature of this virus that differs from other members of the Solinviviridae is the presence of putative nuclear localization signals. The tissue tropism of this virus is wide, infecting cells of the hepatopancreas, gastrointestinal tract, lymphoid organ and muscle tissue. Another unique feature is that it is the only RNA virus of penaeid shrimp that shows a nuclear localization by in situ hybridization. The PvSV has a wide distribution in Brazil and has been found in the states of Maranhão State (Perizes de Baixo), Piaui State (Mexeriqueira), Ceará State (Camocim, Jaguaruana, Aracati and Alto Santo) and Pará State where it has been detected in coinfections with IMNV. The diagnostic methods developed here (real-time RT-PCR and in situ hybridization) are effective for the detection of the pathogen and should be employed to limit its spread. Furthermore, the identification of the PvSV shows the increasing host range of the relatively new family Solinviviridae.


Assuntos
Penaeidae , Vírus de RNA , Animais , Sinais de Localização Nuclear , Vírus de RNA/genética , RNA Polimerase Dependente de RNA , Poliproteínas , Poli A
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...