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1.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 92-101, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oyster polypeptides have various biofunctions, such as anti-cancer and anti-oxidative stress, but whether it has the protective effects to primary ovarian failure (POF) remains poorly understand. To address this issue, daily gavage of oyster polypeptides was performed to investigate their protective effect, basing on d-galactose-induced POF model in C57BL/6 female mice. RESULTS: Oyster polypeptides restored the irregular estrous cycles and the abnormal serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and progesterone (P) levels as well as the decreased mRNA expression level of Amh that were induced by d-galactose. The follicle development of POF mice was improved by increasing the primordial follicle ratio and decreasing the atretic follicle number after oral administration of oyster polypeptides. Moreover, in the oyster polypeptides treated mice, the total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) activity was significantly increased, while the malondialdehyde levels were significantly decreased. The mRNA expression levels of stress-related genes (SOD2, SIRT1 and FOXO3a) were remarkably up-regulated after d-galactose induction, but the up-regulation was weakened or disappeared by the gavage of oyster polypeptides. In addition, oyster polypeptides treatment also reduced the apoptosis of the ovarian granulosa cells and down-regulated the mRNA expression levels of apoptosis-related genes (p53 and Bad but not Bcl-2). CONCLUSION: This study reveals that oyster polypeptides may protect ovary against d-galactose-induced POF by their anti-oxidative stress activity to rescue d-galactose-induced ovarian oxidative damage and therefore to prevent ovarian cells apoptosis, thereby tipping the abnormality trigged by POF to get close to the normal levels. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Ostreidae/química , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/tratamento farmacológico , Substâncias Protetoras/administração & dosagem , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Galactose/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hormônio Luteinizante/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/induzido quimicamente , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/genética , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/metabolismo , Progesterona/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/genética , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(3): 759-768, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841328

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated the antihypertensive effects in vitro and in vivo of novel angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory (ACEI) peptides purified and identified from bovine bone gelatin hydrolysate (BGH). Thirteen ACEI peptides were identified from BGH, and among which, RGL-(Hyp)-GL and RGM-(Hyp)-GF exhibited high ACE inhibition with IC50 values of 1.44 and 10.23 µM. Molecular docking predicted that RGM-(Hyp)-GF and ACE residues of Glu384, His513, and Lys511 formed hydrogen-bonding interactions at distances of 2.57, 2.99, and 2.42 + 3.0 Å. RGL-(Hyp)-GL formed hydrogen bonds with Lys511 and Tyr523 and generated hydrogen-bonding interactions with His387 and Glu411 in the zinc(II) complexation motif at distances of 2.74 and 3.03 + 1.93 Å. The maximal decrements in systolic blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats induced by one-time gavage of RGL-(Hyp)-GL and RGM-(Hyp)-GF at 30 mg/kg were 31.3 and 38.6 mmHg. RGL-(Hyp)-GL had higher enzyme degradation resistance than that of RGM-(Hyp)-GF in vitro incubation in rat plasma, and they were sequentially degraded into pentapeptides and tetrapeptides within 2 h. Our results indicate that BGH can serve as a nutritional candidate to control blood pressure.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/química , Anti-Hipertensivos/química , Osso e Ossos/química , Gelatina/química , Peptídeos/química , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Hipertensivos/isolamento & purificação , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Bovinos , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR
3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(43): 11825-11838, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588750

RESUMO

There is now great interest in food protein hydrolysates and food-derived peptides, because they may provide numerous health benefits. Among other foodstuffs, microalgae appear to be sustainable sources of proteins and bioactive peptides that can be exploited in foods and functional formulations. This review considers protein hydrolysates and individual peptides that may be relevant in cardiovascular disease prevention because they mimic the functions of mediators involved in pathologic processes that represent relevant risk factors for cardiovascular disease development, such as hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, diabetes, inflammation, and oxidative status. Some of these peptides are also multifunctional (i.e., they offer more than one benefit). Moreover, the most efficient techniques for protein extraction and hydrolyzation are commented on, as well as the best methodologies for high-throughput detection and quantification. Finally, current challenges and critical issues are discussed.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Microalgas/química , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Animais , Humanos , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química
4.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 7743-7758, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571874

RESUMO

Purpose: Peptide drugs have been used in therapy various diseases. However, the poor bioavailability of peptide drugs for oral administration has limited their clinical applications, on account of the acidic environment and digestive enzymes inside the human gastrointestinal tract. To enhance stability in the human gastrointestinal tract, bioavailability, and targeted drug delivery of peptide drugs through oral administration, a vitamin B12-modified amphiphilic sodium alginate derivative (CSAD-VB12) was synthesized. Materials and methods: A vitamin B12-modified amphiphilic sodium alginate derivative (CSAD-VB12) was synthesized via the N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide active method at room temperature, and then characterized using FTIR and 1H NMR spectroscopy. Insulin was used as a model peptide drug and the insulin-loaded CSAD-VB12 (CSAD-VB12/insulin) nanoparticles with negative zeta potentials were prepared in PBS (pH=7.4). Scanning electron microscopy was used to observe CSAD-VB12/insulin as spherical nanoparticles. The CSAD-VB12 derivatives and CSAD-VB12/insulin nanoparticles displayed nontoxicity towards the human colon adenocarcinoma (Caco-2) cells by CCK-8 test. Caco-2 cell model was used to measure the apparent permeability (Papp) of insulin, CSAD/insulin and CSAD-VB12/insulin. Furthermore, confocal was used to confirm the endocytosis of intestinal enterocytes. Type 1 diabetes mice were used to evaluate the intestinal absorption and retention effect of test nanoparticles. Results: They were observed as spherical nanoparticles in the size of 30-50 nm. The CSAD-VB12 derivatives and CSAD-VB12/insulin nanoparticles displayed nontoxicity towards the human colon adenocarcinoma (Caco-2) cells. Comparing with insulin and the CSAD/insulin nanoparticles, the CSAD-VB12/insulin nanoparticles exhibited higher permeation ability through intestinal enterocytes in the Caco-2 cell model. Oral administration of the CSAD-VB12/insulin nanoparticles to Type 1 diabetic mice yields higher intestinal retention effect, targeted absorption, and outstanding efficacy. Conclusion: CSAD-VB12 derivatives enhance the small intestinal absorption efficacy and retention of peptide by oral administration, which indicated that it could be a promising candidate for oral peptide delivery in the prospective clinical application.


Assuntos
Alginatos/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Preparações Farmacêuticas/administração & dosagem , Vitamina B 12/química , Administração Oral , Alginatos/síntese química , Animais , Células CACO-2 , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Endocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Insulina/administração & dosagem , Insulina/farmacologia , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Absorção Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Vitamina B 12/síntese química
5.
Future Microbiol ; 14: 1087-1097, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512522

RESUMO

Aim: In this work, mastoparan analog peptides from wasp venom were tested against Candida albicans and safety assays were performed using cell culture and model zebrafish. Materials & methods: Minimal inhibitory concentration was determined and toxicity was performed using human skin keratinocyte and embryo zebrafish. Also, permeation of peptides through embryo chorion was performed. Results: The peptides demonstrated anti-C. albicans activity, with low cytotoxicity and nonteratogenicity in Danio rerio. The compounds had different permeation through chorion, suggesting that this occurs due to modifications in their amino acid sequence. Conclusion: The results showed that the studied peptides can be used as structural study models for novel potential antifungal agents.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/farmacologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Venenos de Vespas/farmacologia , Animais , Antifúngicos/administração & dosagem , Antifúngicos/efeitos adversos , Antifúngicos/toxicidade , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/patologia , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/administração & dosagem , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/efeitos adversos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/toxicidade , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Peptídeos/efeitos adversos , Peptídeos/toxicidade , Venenos de Vespas/administração & dosagem , Venenos de Vespas/efeitos adversos , Venenos de Vespas/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra
6.
J Sci Food Agric ; 99(15): 6822-6832, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385307

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptides were found to alleviate acute hepatitis significantly. In this study, we purified and identified ACE inhibitory peptide from cashew to evaluate its protective role on alcohol-induced acute hepatitis in mice. RESULTS: The ACE inhibitory peptides were purified by using consecutive chromatographic techniques. One of these peptides (FETISFK) exhibited the highest ACE inhibition rate (91.04 ± 0.31%). In vivo, the results showed that ACE inhibitory peptide decreased levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) caused by alcohol exposure. Moreover, it could increase the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH), and decrease the level of malondialdehyde (MDA). It was also found to down-regulate markedly the expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). It could also decrease the expression of ACE, angiotensin II (AngII) and angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1 R). CONCLUSION: These findings support the view that the ACE inhibitory peptide alleviated acute hepatitis by down-regulating the ACE-AngII-AT1 R axis, broadening the research approach to prevent acute hepatitis, and providing experimental data for the development and utilization of cashews. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Anacardium/química , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/química , Hepatite/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeos/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Doença Aguda/terapia , Álcoois/efeitos adversos , Angiotensina II/genética , Angiotensina II/metabolismo , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases/genética , Aspartato Aminotransferases/metabolismo , Hepatite/enzimologia , Hepatite/etiologia , Humanos , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Nozes/química , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/química , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
7.
Eur J Pharm Biopharm ; 143: 98-105, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425857

RESUMO

Oral delivery of peptides is challenging due to their low uptake through the small intestinal epithelium. Tight junctions, connecting the enterocytes, impede permeability, often necessitating the use of permeation enhancers in the formulation. Loading of peptide and permeation enhancer into micro-scale devices, such as microcontainers, can potentially confine the effective absorptive area through unidirectional release and thereby enhance absorption. This concept is investigated by in vitro permeation studies of insulin across Caco-2 cell and Caco-2/HT29-MTX-E12 co-culture monolayers mimicking the intestinal absorption barrier. The importance of proximity between the microcontainers and the barrier is assessed, by keeping the amounts of insulin and sodium caprate fixed throughout all experiments, while collectively orienting the unidirectional release towards the cell monolayers. Increasing the distance is observed to have a negative effect on insulin permeation matching a one-phase exponential decay function, while no difference in insulin transport is observed between Caco-2 and co-culture monolayers. Although there are no signs of cytotoxicity caused by the microcontainer material, reversible cell deterioration, as a consequence of high local concentrations of sodium caprate, becomes evident upon qualitative assessment of the cell monolayers. These results both suggest a potential of increasing oral bioavailability of peptides by the use of microcontainers, while simultaneously visualising the ability of regaining monolayer integrity upon local permeation enhancer induced toxicity.


Assuntos
Insulina/administração & dosagem , Insulina/química , Permeabilidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração Oral , Disponibilidade Biológica , Transporte Biológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Células CACO-2 , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Técnicas de Cocultura/métodos , Humanos , Absorção Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Peptídeos/química , Junções Íntimas/metabolismo
8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(38): 10604-10613, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466448

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibition and metabolic stability of a casein-derived peptide Val-Pro-Tyr-Pro-Gln (VPYPQ) and its fragments as well as their release from casein following hydrolysis. Results showed that VPYPQ was the most potent DPP-IV inhibitory peptide among them with an IC50 value of 41.45 µM. This might be due to its two internal Pro residues at positions 2 and 4. Moreover, VPYPQ was resistant to hydrolysis by gastrointestinal enzymes and was relatively more stable to hydrolysis by DPP-IV and peptidases in plasma compared with its fragments. Additionally, oral administration of VPYPQ at a dose of 90 µmol/kg body weight could reduce the postprandial blood glucose levels in mice. More importantly, VPYPQ could be released efficiently from casein following hydrolysis by a combination of papain and in vitro digestion, reaching up to 3211.15 µg/g. Therefore, VPYPQ was a promising casein-derived DPP-IV inhibitor.


Assuntos
Caseínas/química , Preparações de Ação Retardada/química , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/química , Peptídeos/química , Animais , Biocatálise , Glicemia/metabolismo , Preparações de Ação Retardada/administração & dosagem , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/química , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/metabolismo , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/administração & dosagem , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Humanos , Hidrólise , Camundongos , Peptídeo Hidrolases/química , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
9.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 191, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway is closely related to osteoarthritis. In our preliminary study, ß-catenin conditional activation (cAct) mice that specifically over-express ß-catenin gene in cartilage chondrocyte exhibits osteoarthritis-like phenotype in the lumbar disc and knee joint. Therefore, we used the mice to model FJ-OA and test the potential curative effect of Velvet Antler Polypeptide (VAP) on this mice model. METHODS: We tested the effect of VAP on ß-catenin conditional activation mice, and used Cre negative littermates as controls. Micro-CT, histology and histomorphometry analysis were performed to evaluate the curative effect of VAP on mice facet joint-like phenotype. Expression of ß-catenin and collagen II was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and western-blot., MMP13, ADAMTS4 and ADAMTS5 was detected by immunofluorescence (IF). RT-PCR analysis was preformed to detect mRNA expression of cartilage degrading enzymes, such as MMP13, ADAMTS4 and ADAMTS5. RESULTS: Results of micro-CT (µCT) analysis showed that VAP could partially reverse lumbar disc osteophyte formation observed in ß-catenin(ex3)Col2ER mice. Histology data revealed VAP partially improved facet joint cartilage tissue invades. Histomorphometry analysis showed an increase in total cartilage area after VAP treatment. IHC show that VAP reduced ß-catenin protein levels and moderately up-regulated collagen II protein levels. RT-PCR and IF data showed that VAP down-regulated the expression of extracellular matrix synthesis (ECM) degradation enzymes MMP13, ADAMTS4 and ADAMTS5. CONCLUSION: Taken together, VAP may modulate ECM by inhibits MMP13, ADAMTS4 and ADAMTS5 via Wnt /ß-catenin signaling pathway. Velvet Antler Polypeptide may be a potential medicine for FJ-OA.


Assuntos
Chifres de Veado/química , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Proteína ADAMTS4/genética , Proteína ADAMTS4/metabolismo , Proteína ADAMTS5/genética , Proteína ADAMTS5/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cartilagem Articular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cartilagem Articular/metabolismo , Condrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Cervos , Humanos , Articulações/efeitos dos fármacos , Articulação do Joelho/efeitos dos fármacos , Metaloproteinase 13 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 13 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Osteoartrite/genética , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , beta Catenina/genética
10.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 42(8): 1376-1383, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366872

RESUMO

High-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles that are formed in vivo adopt a disk-shaped structure, in which the periphery of the discoidal phospholipid bilayer is surrounded by apolipoprotein. Such discoidal nanoparticles can be reconstituted with certain apolipoproteins and phospholipids and are commonly called lipid nanodisks. Apolipoprotein E (apoE), one of the HDL constituent proteins, serves as a ligand for the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor. Thus, it is considered that biocompatible delivery vehicles targeting LDL receptors could be prepared by incorporating apoE as the protein component of lipid nanodisks. To enhance targeting efficiency, we designed lipid nanodisks with a large number of ligands using a peptide with the LDL receptor-binding region of apoE combined with a high lipid affinity sequence (LpA peptide). In our study, the LpA peptide spontaneously formed discoidal complexes (LpA nanodisks) of approximately 10 nm in size, equivalent to native HDL. LpA peptides on nanodisks adopted highly α-helical structures, a competent conformation capable of interacting with LDL receptors. As anticipated, the uptake of LpA nanodisks into LDL receptor-expressing cells (HepG2) was higher than that of apoE nanodisks, suggesting an enhanced targeting efficiency via the enrichment of LDL receptor-binding regions on the particle. Biodistribution studies using 111In-labeled LpA nanodisks showed little splenic accumulation and prolonged retention in blood circulation, reflecting the biocompatibility of LpA nanodisks. High accumulation of 111In-labeled LpA nanodisks was observed in the liver as well as in implanted tumors, which abundantly express LDL receptors. Thus, LpA nanodisks are potential biocompatible delivery vehicles targeting LDL receptors.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteínas E , Dimiristoilfosfatidilcolina/administração & dosagem , Portadores de Fármacos/administração & dosagem , Nanoestruturas/administração & dosagem , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Receptores de LDL/metabolismo , Animais , Dimiristoilfosfatidilcolina/farmacocinética , Portadores de Fármacos/farmacocinética , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Peptídeos/farmacocinética , Distribuição Tecidual
11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(69): 10226-10229, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31380870

RESUMO

A formulation of self-assembled peptido-nanomicelles has been developed for a combinational treatment of SDT, PDT and chemotherapy to nasopharyngeal carcinoma. In vitro cellular tests and in vivo mice therapy proved effective for targeted tumor growth inhibition. These merits provided a novel approach to non-invasive cancer treatments.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/terapia , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Rosa Bengala/uso terapêutico , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Camundongos Nus , Micelas , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Rosa Bengala/administração & dosagem , Terapia por Ultrassom/métodos
12.
Int J Pharm ; 569: 118570, 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31352048

RESUMO

Small interfering RNA (siRNA) represents a new class of therapeutic agents. Its successful intracellular delivery is a major challenge. Lipo-oligomeric carriers can complex siRNA into lipopolyplexes and thus mediate its cellular uptake. In this study, siRNA against the kinesin related mRNA EG5 gene (siEG5) and the microtubule inhibitor pretubulysin (PT) were co-formulated into polyplexes using azide-containing lipo-oligomer 1198. Nanoparticles were further modified by click reaction using shielding agent DBCO-PEG or EGFR targeting peptide GE11 (DBCO-PEG-GE11). Polyplexes displayed efficient payload incorporation and homogenous particle sizes of 200 nm. The biological effects of the unmodified and surface-functionalized polyplexes were investigated. The successful GE11-mediated intracellular delivery of siRNA into the EGFR overexpressing KB and Huh7 cell lines facilitated potent silencing of an EGFP-luciferase reporter gene by GFP siRNA. Specific downregulation of EG5 mRNA by siEG5 resulted in the expected antitumoral activity. The combination formulation 1198 siEG5 + PT provided superior antitumoral activity over free PT and 1198 siEG5.


Assuntos
Cinesina/genética , Oligopeptídeos/administração & dosagem , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , RNA Interferente Pequeno/administração & dosagem , Moduladores de Tubulina/administração & dosagem , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores ErbB/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Humanos , Luciferases/genética , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem
13.
Int J Pharm ; 568: 118526, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323370

RESUMO

Nanoparticles of polymeric complexes made of hyaluronic acid and polyarginine were investigated for the encapsulation of the cationic hydrophilic drug pentamidine isethionate. The interaction between the anionic hyaluronic acid and the cationic pentamidine resulting in the formation of polyelectrolyte complexes was firstly studied. Then, nanoparticles made of hyaluronic acid and polyarginine loaded with pentamidine were developed. These drug delivery systems consist of a monodisperse population of negatively charged pentamidine-loaded nanoparticles with a high drug encapsulation rate (80%). Such high encapsulation efficiency coming from ion exchange was confirmed by measurements of the counterion isethionate released from pentamidine during nanoparticles formation. Besides, freeze-dried pentamidine-loaded nanoparticles kept their integrity after their reconstitution in water. In vitro studies on human lung (A549) and breast (MDA-MB-231) cancer cell lines showed that pentamidine-loaded nanoparticles were more cytotoxic in comparison to the free drug, suggesting an enhanced internalization of encapsulated drug by cancer cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Ácido Hialurônico/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Pentamidina/administração & dosagem , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Liofilização , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Nanopartículas/química , Pentamidina/química , Peptídeos/química , Solubilidade
14.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 65(5): 24-31, 2019 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31304902

RESUMO

This study was carried out to evaluate the preventive and curative effects of Pilose antler against osteoporosis due to kidney deficiency, and investigate its potential mechanism of action. A model of osteoporosis due to kidney deficiency was established in rats using bilateral ovariectomy. Pilose antler polypeptide (PAP), Pilose antler polysaccharide (PAP'), and their mixture (PAP+PAP') were separately administered to the rats for 12 weeks, with progynova and xianlingubao tablets (XLGB) as the positive control groups. We determined the bone mineral density (BMD) and uterus Index of the rats. Osteoblastic bone metabolism-related indices in serum and bone tissue were measured with ELISA. Western blotting and RT-PCR were used to investigate the protein and mRNA expressions of Bmp-2, Smad1, Smad5, Runx2 in bone tissue. The morphology of bone tissue was determined using immunohistochemical methods. Compared with control group, PAP, PAP', PAP+PAP' increased BMD and regulated bone metabolism indices in serum and bone tissue. Treatment with Pilose antler up-regulated the mNRA and protein expressions of Bmp-2, Smad1, Smad5 and Runx2. Immunohistochemical staining showed that Bmp-2, Smad1, Smad5 and Runx2 were stained brown, indicating that all of them were positive. There were abnormal changes in the protein expressions of Bmp-2, Smad1, Smad5 and Runx2 in bone tissue, which may be an important mechanism underlying the development of kidney deficiency osteoporosis. Moreover, PAP, PAP' and PAP+PAP' had some preventive effects on osteoporosis, probably via the activation of the Bmp-2/Smad1 and Smad5/Runx2 signaling pathways through induction of high expressions of their mRNAs and proteins.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Osteoporose/etiologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Insuficiência Renal/complicações , Animais , Densidade Óssea , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/metabolismo , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Ovariectomia/efeitos adversos , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Polissacarídeos/administração & dosagem , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Substâncias Protetoras/administração & dosagem , Substâncias Protetoras/uso terapêutico , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Smad1/metabolismo , Proteína Smad5/metabolismo , Útero/patologia
15.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 28(3): 339-345, 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291435

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal nematode infection is an important cause of high economic losses in livestock production. Nematode control based on a synthetic chemical approach is considered unsustainable due to the increasing incidence of anthelmintic resistance. Control alternatives such as the use of natural products are therefore becoming relevant from an environmental and economic point of view. Proteins are macromolecules with various properties that can be obtained from a wide range of organisms, including plants and fungi. Proteins belonging to different classes have shown great potential for the control of nematodes. The action of proteins can occur at specific stages of the nematode life cycle, depending on the composition of the external layers of the nematode body and the active site of the protein. Advances in biotechnology have resulted in the emergence of numerous protein and peptide therapeutics; however, few have been discussed with a focus on the control of animal nematodes. Here, we discuss the use of exogenous proteins and peptides in the control of gastrointestinal.


Assuntos
Antinematódeos/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Fúngicas/isolamento & purificação , Gastroenteropatias/veterinária , Infecções por Nematoides/veterinária , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Antinematódeos/administração & dosagem , Biotecnologia , Quitinases/administração & dosagem , Quitinases/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Fúngicas/administração & dosagem , Gastroenteropatias/parasitologia , Infecções por Nematoides/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeo Hidrolases/administração & dosagem , Peptídeo Hidrolases/isolamento & purificação , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Proteínas de Plantas/administração & dosagem
16.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 132: 110667, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288051

RESUMO

Few studies have examined the use of animal models to evaluate the in-vivo toxicity of antimicrobial peptides, but such research is essential to their safe use in foods. This study was performed to evaluate any adverse effects of enterocin AS-48, a circular bacteriocin produced by Enterococcus strains, when administered to BALB/c mice at concentrations of 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg in the diet for 90 days. Animals dosed with nisin at a dietary concentration of 200 mg/kg served as a reference treated group. There were no deaths in any of the animal groups, and the AS-48 treatment produced no abnormalities or clinical signs on body weights, food consumption, urinalysis, haematology, or blood biochemistry. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in the weights of liver, spleen, heart, kidneys, and intestines between control mice and those treated with AS-48 or nisin. The histopathological study showed moderate vacuolar degeneration in hepatocytes of some animals fed 100 or 200 mg/kg AS-48 (3/10 and 2/10 respectively). However, this anomaly was lower than in the group treated with nisin (5/10). Conclusively, no toxicologically significant changes were associated in BALB/c mice fed with 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg enterocin AS-48 for 90 days.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/toxicidade , Enterococcus faecalis/metabolismo , Peptídeos/toxicidade , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Testes de Toxicidade Subcrônica
17.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(28): 7810-7820, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264418

RESUMO

Antihypertensive peptides were screened from thermolysin hydrolysate of Cassia obtusifolia seeds (Jue Ming Zi) using two independent bioassay-guided fractionations, reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), and strong cation-exchange (SCX) liquid chromatography coupled with angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory assay. The identical peptide in the most active RP-HPLC and SCX fractions was simultaneously de novo sequenced as FHAPWK with high-resolution mass spectrometry. FHAPWK (IC50 = 16.83 ± 0.90 µM) was further identified as a competitive inhibitor and a true inhibitor on ACE by a Lineweaver-Burk plot and preincubation experiment, respectively. The molecular docking simulation indicated that FHAPWK could interact with several key residues of the ACE active site, which is consistent with the result of the inhibitory kinetics study. Moreover, its antihypertensive effect was demonstrated using the animal model of spontaneously hypertensive rats. It is concluded that FHAPWK is the first reported antihypertensive peptide derived from thermolysin hydrolysate of C. obtusifolia seeds.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Hipertensivos/química , Cassia/química , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Peptídeos/química , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Animais , Descoberta de Drogas , Humanos , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Sementes/química
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(33): 29604-29618, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31361112

RESUMO

Diabetes and its complications have become a global challenge of public health. Herein, we aimed to develop a long-acting delivery system of lixisenatide (Lixi), a glucose-dependent antidiabetic peptide, based on an injectable hydrogel for the synchronous treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and associated complications. Two triblock copolymers, poly(ε-caprolactone-co-glycolic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ε-caprolactone-co-glycolic acid) and poly(d,l-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(d,l-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) possessing temperature-induced sol-gel transitions, were synthesized by us. Compared to the two single-component hydrogels, their 1/1 mixture hydrogel not only maintained the temperature-induced gelation but also exhibited a steadier degradation profile in vivo. Both in vitro and in vivo release studies demonstrated that the mixture hydrogel provided the sustained release of Lixi for up to 9 days, which was attributed to balanced electrostatic interactions between the positive charges in the peptide and the negative charges in the polymer carrier. The hypoglycemic efficacy of Lixi delivered from the mixture hydrogel after a single subcutaneous injection into diabetic db/db mice was comparable to that of twice-daily administrations of Lixi solution for up to 9 days. Furthermore, three successive administrations of the abovementioned gel system within a month significantly increased the plasma insulin level, lowered glycosylated hemoglobin, and improved the pancreatic function of the animals. These results were superior or equivalent to those of twice-daily injections of Lixi solution for 30 days, but the number of injections was markedly reduced from 60 to 3. Finally, an improvement in hyperlipidemia, augmentation of nerve fiber density, and enhancement of motor nerve conduction velocity in the gel formulation-treated db/db mice indicated that the sustained delivery of Lixi arrested and even ameliorated diabetic complications. These findings suggested that the Lixi-loaded mixture hydrogel has great potential for the treatment of T2DM with significant improvements in the health and quality of life of patients.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Dicroísmo Circular , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Complicações do Diabetes/sangue , Complicações do Diabetes/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Hidrogéis/química , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Qualidade de Vida , Ratos
19.
Food Funct ; 10(6): 3198-3208, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165849

RESUMO

For the first time, a new 16-amino-acid peptide was isolated from Eucheuma, an edible seaweed, and named EZY-1. EZY-1 was used to interfere with bleomycin-induced mice pulmonary fibrosis. The target proteins of EZY-1 were screened by an in vitro pull-down method combined with LC-MS/MS. The results showed that EZY-1 can inhibit the idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) induced by bleomycin. The potency and safety of EZY-1 are superior to those of the drug used for clinical treatment, pirfenidone. The results showed that EZY-1 suppresses the TGF-ß/Smad, PI3K-Akt-mTOR, Rac1-PAK2-cAb1 and MAPK signal transduction pathways. Proteins such as ERK, Akt, PDGF receptor ß, vitronectin, raptor and SHP2 exhibited binding to EZY-1 in an in vitro pull-down assay combined with LC-MS/MS analysis. EZY-1 was confirmed to be an effective component of Eucheuma in the inhibition of IPF. The signalling pathways and target proteins of EZY-1 were preliminarily predicted. This study lays the foundation for the development of new drugs from Eucheuma for the treatment of IPF.


Assuntos
Bleomicina/efeitos adversos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Rodófitas/química , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Peptídeos/química , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Smad/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
20.
Comput Biol Chem ; 80: 441-451, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151025

RESUMO

In the present era, a major drawback of current anti-cancer drugs is the lack of satisfactory specificity towards tumor cells. Despite the presence of several therapies against cancer, tumor homing peptides are gaining importance as therapeutic agents. In this regard, the huge number of therapeutic peptides generated in recent years, demands the need to develop an effective and interpretable computational model for rapidly, effectively and automatically predicting tumor homing peptides. Therefore, a sequence-based approach referred herein as THPep has been developed to predict and analyze tumor homing peptides by using an interpretable random forest classifier in concomitant with amino acid composition, dipeptide composition and pseudo amino acid composition. An overall accuracy and Matthews correlation coefficient of 90.13% and 0.76, respectively, were achieved from the independent test set on an objective benchmark dataset. Upon comparison, it was found that THPep was superior to the existing method and holds high potential as a useful tool for predicting tumor homing peptides. For the convenience of experimental scientists, a web server for this proposed method is provided publicly at http://codes.bio/thpep/.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Peptídeos/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Árvores de Decisões , Internet , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Curva ROC
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