Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 28.651
Filtrar
1.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 37(8): 2915-2923, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472308

RESUMO

Antimicrobial peptides are the most promising alternatives to antibiotics. However, the strategy of producing antimicrobial peptides by recombinant technology is complicated and expensive, which is not conducive to the large-scale production. Oxysterlin 1 is a novel type of cecropin antimicrobial peptide mainly targeting on Gram-negative bacteria and is of low cytotoxicity. In this study, a simple and cost-effective method was developed to produce Oxysterlin 1 in Escherichia coli. The Oxysterlin 1 gene was cloned into a plasmid containing elastin-like polypeptide (ELP) and protein splicing elements (intein) to construct the recombinant expression plasmid (pET-ELP-I-Oxysterlin 1). The recombinant protein was mainly expressed in soluble form in E. coli, and then the target peptide can be purified with a simple salting out method followed by pH changing. The final yield of Oxysterlin 1 was about 1.2 mg/L, and the subsequent antimicrobial experiment showed the expected antimicrobial activity. This study holds promise for large-scale production of antimicrobial peptides and the in-depth study of its antimicrobial mechanism.


Assuntos
Elastina , Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli/genética , Inteínas , Peptídeos/genética , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Proteínas Citotóxicas Formadoras de Poros , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360755

RESUMO

Increasing attention is being focused on the use of polypeptide-based N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists for the treatment of nervous system disorders. In our study on Achyranthes bidentata Blume, we identified an NMDA receptor subtype 2B (NR2B) antagonist that exerts distinct neuroprotective actions. This antagonist is a 33 amino acid peptide, named bidentatide, which contains three disulfide bridges that form a cysteine knot motif. We determined the neuroactive potential of bidentatide by evaluating its in vitro effects against NMDA-mediated excitotoxicity. The results showed that pretreating primary cultured hippocampal neurons with bidentatide prevented NMDA-induced cell death and apoptosis via multiple mechanisms that involved intracellular Ca2+ inhibition, NMDA current inhibition, and apoptosis-related protein expression regulation. These mechanisms were all dependent on bidentatide-induced inhibitory regulation of NR2B-containing NMDA receptors; thus, bidentatide may contribute to the development of neuroprotective agents that would likely possess the high selectivity and safety profiles inherent in peptide drugs.


Assuntos
Achyranthes/química , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Peptídeos , Proteínas de Plantas , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cálcio/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/isolamento & purificação , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Plantas/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo
3.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443484

RESUMO

The COVID-19 outbreak has rapidly spread on a global scale, affecting the economy and public health systems throughout the world. In recent years, peptide-based therapeutics have been widely studied and developed to treat infectious diseases, including viral infections. Herein, the antiviral effects of the lysine linked dimer des-Cys11, Lys12,Lys13-(pBthTX-I)2K ((pBthTX-I)2K)) and derivatives against SARS-CoV-2 are reported. The lead peptide (pBthTX-I)2K and derivatives showed attractive inhibitory activities against SARS-CoV-2 (EC50 = 28-65 µM) and mostly low cytotoxic effect (CC50 > 100 µM). To shed light on the mechanism of action underlying the peptides' antiviral activity, the Main Protease (Mpro) and Papain-Like protease (PLpro) inhibitory activities of the peptides were assessed. The synthetic peptides showed PLpro inhibition potencies (IC50s = 1.0-3.5 µM) and binding affinities (Kd = 0.9-7 µM) at the low micromolar range but poor inhibitory activity against Mpro (IC50 > 10 µM). The modeled binding mode of a representative peptide of the series indicated that the compound blocked the entry of the PLpro substrate toward the protease catalytic cleft. Our findings indicated that non-toxic dimeric peptides derived from the Bothropstoxin-I have attractive cellular and enzymatic inhibitory activities, thereby suggesting that they are promising prototypes for the discovery and development of new drugs against SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Assuntos
Venenos de Crotalídeos/química , Dimerização , Papaína/antagonistas & inibidores , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/farmacologia , SARS-CoV-2/enzimologia , Antivirais/química , Antivirais/metabolismo , Antivirais/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Papaína/química , Papaína/metabolismo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteases/química , Inibidores de Proteases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteases/farmacologia , Conformação Proteica , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360762

RESUMO

Peptide therapeutics offer numerous advantages in the treatment of diseases and disorders of the central nervous system (CNS). However, they are not without limitations, especially in terms of their pharmacokinetics where their metabolic lability and low blood-brain barrier penetration hinder their application. Targeted nanoparticle delivery systems are being tapped for their ability to improve the delivery of therapeutics into the brain non-invasively. We have developed a family of mannosylated glycoliposome delivery systems for targeted drug delivery applications. Herein, we demonstrate via in vivo distribution studies the potential of these glycoliposomes to improve the utility of CNS active therapeutics using dynantin, a potent and selective dynorphin peptide analogue antagonist of the kappa opioid receptor (KOR). Glycoliposomal entrapment protected dynantin against known rapid metabolic degradation and ultimately improved brain levels of the peptide by approximately 3-3.5-fold. Moreover, we linked this improved brain delivery with improved KOR antagonist activity by way of an approximately 30-40% positive modulation of striatal dopamine levels 20 min after intranasal administration. Overall, the results clearly highlight the potential of our glycoliposomes as a targeted delivery system for therapeutic agents of the CNS.


Assuntos
Dinorfinas , Peptídeos , Receptores Opioides kappa/antagonistas & inibidores , Corpo Estriado/metabolismo , Dopamina , Dinorfinas/química , Dinorfinas/farmacocinética , Dinorfinas/farmacologia , Humanos , Lipossomos , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/farmacocinética , Peptídeos/farmacologia
5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(35): 10350-10357, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34448567

RESUMO

As a membrane protein, the activity of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) can be modulated via regulation of its localization in the cell membrane with food-derived peptides. This study aimed to explore the effect of egg white peptides on the cell membrane localization and activity of ACE in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. ACE activity was found to be related to lipid rafts by using methyl-ß-cyclodextrin (MßCD). QVPLW and LCAY can inhibit ACE activity by preventing ACE recruitment into lipid rafts, with in situ IC50 values of 238.46 ± 11.35 µM and 31.55 ± 2.64 µM in the control groups, as well as 45.43 ± 6.15 µM and 34.63 ± 1.59 µM in the MßCD groups, respectively. QVPLW and LCAY may alter the cell membrane properties, including the fluidity, potential, and permeability, and eventually promote the transposition of ACE.


Assuntos
Clara de Ovo , Peptidil Dipeptidase A , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Microdomínios da Membrana , Peptídeos/farmacologia
6.
Drugs R D ; 21(3): 273-283, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease 2019 is a novel disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV)-2 virus. It was first detected in December 2019 and has since been declared a pandemic causing millions of deaths worldwide. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop effective therapeutics against coronavirus disease 2019. A critical step in the crosstalk between the virus and the host cell is the binding of the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein to the peptidase domain of the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor present on the surface of host cells. METHODS: An in silico approach was employed to design a 13-amino acid peptide inhibitor (13AApi) against the RBD of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. Its binding specificity for RBD was confirmed by molecular docking using pyDockWEB, ClusPro 2.0, and HDOCK web servers. The stability of 13AApi and the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein complex was determined by molecular dynamics simulation using the GROMACS program while the physicochemical and ADMET (absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, and toxicity) properties of 13AApi were determined using the ExPASy tool and pkCSM server. Finally, in vitro validation of the inhibitory activity of 13AApi against the spike protein was performed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: In silico analyses indicated that the 13AApi could bind to the RBD of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein at the ACE2 binding site with high affinity. In vitro experiments validated the in silico findings, showing that 13AApi could significantly block the RBD of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein. CONCLUSIONS: Blockage of binding of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein with ACE2 in the presence of the 13AApi may prevent virus entry into host cells. Therefore, the 13AApi can be utilized as a promising therapeutic agent to combat coronavirus disease 2019.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/efeitos dos fármacos , Antivirais/farmacologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/efeitos dos fármacos , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Antivirais/farmacocinética , Antivirais/toxicidade , Sítios de Ligação , Simulação por Computador , Desenho de Fármacos , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Peptídeos/farmacocinética , Peptídeos/toxicidade , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Especificidade por Substrato
7.
Acta Biomater ; 131: 117-127, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229105

RESUMO

Degeneration of the intervertebral disc (IVD) is associated with significant biochemical and morphological changes that include a loss of disc height, decreased water content and decreased cellularity. Cell delivery has been widely explored as a strategy to supplement the nucleus pulposus (NP) region of the degenerated IVD in both pre-clinical and clinical trials, using progenitor or primary cell sources. We previously demonstrated an ability for a polymer-peptide hydrogel, serving as a culture substrate, to promote adult NP cells to undergo a shift from a degenerative fibroblast-like state to a juvenile-like NP phenotype. In the current study, we evaluate the ability for this peptide-functionalized hydrogel to serve as a bioactive system for cell delivery, retention and preservation of a biosynthetic phenotype for primary IVD cells delivered to the rat caudal disc in an anular puncture degeneration model. Our data suggest that encapsulation of adult degenerative human NP cells in a stiff formulation of the hydrogel functionalized with laminin-mimetic peptides IKVAV and AG73 can promote cell viability and increased biosynthetic activity for this population in 3D culture in vitro. Delivery of the peptide-functionalized biomaterial with primary rat cells to the degenerated IVD supported NP cell retention and NP-specific protein expression in vivo, and promoted improved disc height index (DHI) values and endplate organization compared to untreated degenerated controls. The results of this study suggest the physical cues of this peptide-functionalized hydrogel can serve as a supportive carrier for cell delivery to the IVD. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Cell delivery into the degenerative intervertebral disc has been widely explored as a strategy to supplement the nucleus pulposus. The current work seeks to employ a biomaterial functionalized with laminin-mimetic peptides as a cell delivery scaffold in order to improve cell retention rates within the intradiscal space, while providing the delivered cells with biomimetic cues in order to promote phenotypic expression and increase biosynthetic activity. The use of the in situ crosslinkable material integrated with the native IVD, presenting a system with adequate physical properties to support a degenerative disc.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Núcleo Pulposo , Animais , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/terapia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Polímeros , Ratos
8.
Toxicon ; 200: 48-54, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237341

RESUMO

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are a major threat to global public health, and there is an urgent need to find effective, antimicrobial treatments that can be well tolerated by humans. Hornet venom is known to have antimicrobial properties, and contains peptides with similarity to known antimicrobial eptides (AMPs), mastoparans. We identified multiple new AMPs from the venom glands of Vespa ducalis (U-VVTX-Vm1a, U-VVTX-Vm1b, and U-VVTX-Vm1c), Vespa mandarinia (U-VVTX-Vm1d), and Vespa affinis (U-VVTX-Vm1e). All of these AMPs have highly similar sequences and are related to the toxic peptide, mastoparan. Our newly identified AMPs have α-helical structures, are amphiphilic, and have antimicrobial properties. Both U-VVTX-Vm1b and U-VVTX-Vm1e killed bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC25923 and Escherichia coli ATCC25922, at the concentrations of 16 µg/mL and 32 µg/mL, respectively. None of the five AMPs exhibited strong toxicity as measured via their hemolytic activity on red blood cells. U-VVTX-Vm1b was able to increase the permeability of E. coli ATCC25922 and degrade its genomic DNA. These results are promising, demonstrate the value of investigating hornet venom as an antimicrobial treatment, and add to the growing arsenal of such naturally derived treatments.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Vespas , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Venenos de Vespas/farmacologia
9.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 77: 105676, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315058

RESUMO

In recent years, foodborne diseases caused by Escherichia coli are a major threat to the food industry and consumers. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) and ultrasound both have good inhibitory effects on E. coli. In this work, the mechanism of action and synergistic effect of an in silico predicted AMP, designated as TGH2 (AEFLREKLGDKCTDRHV), from the C-terminal sequence of Tegillarca granosa hemoglobin, combined with low-intensity ultrasound was explored. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of TGH2 on E. coli decreased by 4-fold to 31.25 µg/mL under 0.3 W/cm2 ultrasound treatment, while the time kill curve analysis showed that low-intensity ultrasound combined with peptide TGH2 had an enhanced synergistic bactericidal effect after 0.5 h. The permeability on E. coli cell membrane increased progressively during combined treatment with peptide TGH2 and low-intensity ultrasound, resulting in the leakage of intracellular solutes, as shown by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Structural analysis using circular dichroism (CD) revealed that peptide TGH2 has an α-helical structure, showing a slight untwisting effect under 0.3 W/cm2 ultrasound treatment for 0.5 h. The findings here provide new insight into the potential application of ultrasound and AMPs combination in food preservation.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Ondas Ultrassônicas , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Cinética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
10.
Interdiscip Sci ; 13(3): 521-534, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324157

RESUMO

The prolific spread of COVID-19 caused by a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) from its epicenter in Wuhan, China, to every nook and cranny of the world after December 2019, jeopardize the prevailing health system in the world and has raised serious concerns about human safety. Multi-directional efforts are made to design small molecule inhibitors, and vaccines and many other therapeutic options are practiced, but their final therapeutic potential is still to be tested. Using the old drug or vaccine or peptides could aid this process to avoid such long experimental procedures. Hence, here, we have repurposed a small peptide (ATLQAIAS) from the previous study, which reported the inhibitory effects of this peptide. We used in silico mutagenesis approach to design more peptides from the native wild peptide, which revealed that substitutions (T2W, T2Y, L3R, and A5W) could increase the binding affinity of the peptide towards the 3CLpro. Furthermore, using MD simulation and free energy calculation confirmed its dynamics stability and stronger binding affinities. Per-residue energy decomposition analysis revealed that the specified substitution significantly increased the binding affinity at the residue level. Our wide-ranging analyses of binding affinities disclosed that our designed peptide owns the potential to hinder the SARS-CoV-2 and will reduce the progression of SARS-CoV-2-borne pneumonia. Our research strongly suggests the experimental and clinical validation of these peptides to curtail the recent corona outbreak.


Assuntos
Simulação por Computador , Proteases 3C de Coronavírus/antagonistas & inibidores , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Mutagênese , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Vírus da SARS , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Antivirais/química , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/virologia , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Peptídeos/genética , Inibidores de Proteases/química , Inibidores de Proteases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteases/uso terapêutico , Vírus da SARS/química , Vírus da SARS/genética , SARS-CoV-2/enzimologia , Termodinâmica
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207724

RESUMO

Selective antagonists of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH; pGlu-His-Pro-NH2), in order to enable a better understanding of this peptide's central functions, have not been identified. Using pGlu-Glu-Pro-NH2 ([Glu2]TRH) as a lead peptide and with modification at its central residue, our studies focused on some of its analogues synthesized as potential functional antagonists of TRH in the rodent brain. Among the peptides studied, the novel isomeric analogue [ß-Glu2]TRH was found to suppress the analeptic and antidepressant-like pharmacological activities of TRH without eliciting intrinsic effects in these paradigms. [ß-Glu2]TRH also completely reversed TRH's stimulation of acetylcholine turnover in the rat hippocampus without a cholinergic activity of its own, which was demonstrated through in vivo microdialysis experiments. Altogether, [ß-Glu2]TRH emerged as the first selective functional antagonist of TRH's prominent cholinergic actions, by which this endogenous peptide elicits a vast array of central effects.


Assuntos
Antidepressivos , Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Peptídeos , Hormônio Liberador de Tireotropina/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antidepressivos/química , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central/química , Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central/farmacologia , Hipocampo/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Hormônio Liberador de Tireotropina/metabolismo
12.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208619

RESUMO

Skin pigment disorders are common cosmetic and medical problems. Many known compounds inhibit the key melanin-producing enzyme, tyrosinase, but their use is limited due to side effects. Natural-derived peptides also display tyrosinase inhibition. Abalone is a good source of peptides, and the abalone proteins have been used widely in pharmaceutical and cosmetic products, but not for melanin inhibition. This study aimed to predict putative tyrosinase inhibitory peptides (TIPs) from abalone, Haliotis diversicolor, using k-nearest neighbor (kNN) and random forest (RF) algorithms. The kNN and RF predictors were trained and tested against 133 peptides with known anti-tyrosinase properties with 97% and 99% accuracy. The kNN predictor suggested 1075 putative TIPs and six TIPs from the RF predictor. Two helical peptides were predicted by both methods and showed possible interaction with the predicted structure of mushroom tyrosinase, similar to those of the known TIPs. These two peptides had arginine and aromatic amino acids, which were common to the known TIPs, suggesting non-competitive inhibition on the tyrosinase. Therefore, the first version of the TIP predictors could suggest a reasonable number of the TIP candidates for further experiments. More experimental data will be important for improving the performance of these predictors, and they can be extended to discover more TIPs from other organisms. The confirmation of TIPs in abalone will be a new commercial opportunity for abalone farmers and industry.


Assuntos
Gastrópodes/metabolismo , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo , Algoritmos , Animais , Análise por Conglomerados , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Gastrópodes/química , Aprendizado de Máquina , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/farmacologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia
13.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 926, 2021 07 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34326460

RESUMO

Patients with cardiovascular comorbidities are more susceptible to severe infection with SARS-CoV-2, known to directly cause pathological damage to cardiovascular tissue. We outline a screening platform using human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes, confirmed to express the protein machinery critical for SARS-CoV-2 infection, and a SARS-CoV-2 spike-pseudotyped virus system. The method has allowed us to identify benztropine and DX600 as novel inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 infection in a clinically relevant stem cell-derived cardiomyocyte line. Discovery of new medicines will be critical for protecting the heart in patients with SARS-CoV-2, and for individuals where vaccination is contraindicated.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Humanas/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/virologia , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Benzotropina/farmacologia , Humanos , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia
14.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 185: 1022-1035, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197859

RESUMO

Biochemical modification can endow the surface of implants with superior biological activity. Herein, silk fibroin (SF) protein and its anionic derivative peptides (Cs) were covalently immobilized onto a titanium implant surface via a polydopamine layer. The successful conjugation of SF and Cs was revealed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and contact angle measurements. The addition of Cs prevented the conformational transition of silk fibroin to silk II. The deposition of apatite on its surface was significantly accelerated, and the bioactive composite coating was observed to enhance protein adsorption and cell proliferation. More importantly, it also promoted the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) for the quantitative and qualitative detection of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and alizarin red (ARS). Overall, the stable performance and enhanced osteogenic property of the composite coating promote an extensive application for clinical titanium-based implants.


Assuntos
Fibroínas/farmacologia , Indóis/química , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Polímeros/química , Titânio/química , Adsorção , Animais , Apatitas/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Fibroínas/química , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Oxirredução , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica
15.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 69(7): 601-607, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193708

RESUMO

Biomembranes are important targets in molecular design. Our laboratory has been exploring the design of functional peptides that modulate membrane barrier function, lipid packing, and structure. Evaluation of the results obtained and analyses of cellular mechanisms have yielded peptides with more refined designs and functions. This review highlights the progress made in our laboratory towards the development of unique peptides that modulate membrane properties.


Assuntos
Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Arginina/química , Membrana Celular/química , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos Penetradores de Células/química , Peptídeos Penetradores de Células/metabolismo , Peptídeos Penetradores de Células/farmacologia , Endossomos/metabolismo , Humanos , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/farmacologia
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34202925

RESUMO

Acetylcholine (ACh) is the classical neurotransmitter in the cholinergic nervous system. However, ACh is now known to regulate various immune cell functions. In fact, T cells, B cells, and macrophages all express components of the cholinergic system, including ACh, muscarinic, and nicotinic ACh receptors (mAChRs and nAChRs), choline acetyltransferase, acetylcholinesterase, and choline transporters. In this review, we will discuss the actions of ACh in the immune system. We will first briefly describe the mechanisms by which ACh is stored in and released from immune cells. We will then address Ca2+ signaling pathways activated via mAChRs and nAChRs on T cells and B cells, highlighting the importance of ACh for the function of T cells, B cells, and macrophages, as well as its impact on innate and acquired (cellular and humoral) immunity. Lastly, we will discuss the effects of two peptide ligands, secreted lymphocyte antigen-6/urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor-related peptide-1 (SLURP-1) and hippocampal cholinergic neurostimulating peptide (HCNP), on cholinergic activity in T cells. Overall, we stress the fact that ACh does not function only as a neurotransmitter; it impacts immunity by exerting diverse effects on immune cells via mAChRs and nAChRs.


Assuntos
Imunomodulação , Receptores Muscarínicos/metabolismo , Receptores Nicotínicos/metabolismo , Acetilcolina/metabolismo , Animais , Cálcio/metabolismo , Sinalização do Cálcio , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Sistema Imunitário/imunologia , Sistema Imunitário/metabolismo , Imunidade , Linfócitos/imunologia , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Especificidade de Órgãos , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Receptores Muscarínicos/genética , Receptores Nicotínicos/genética , Transdução de Sinais
17.
FASEB J ; 35(8): e21762, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34246197

RESUMO

Phase II clinical trials have reported that acute treatment of surgical skin wounds with the therapeutic peptide alpha Connexin Carboxy-Terminus 1 (αCT1) improves cutaneous scar appearance by 47% 9-month postsurgery. While Cx43 and ZO-1 have been identified as molecular targets of αCT1, the mode-of-action of the peptide in scar mitigation at cellular and tissue levels remains to be further characterized. Scar histoarchitecture in αCT1 and vehicle-control treated skin wounds within the same patient were compared using biopsies from a Phase I clinical trial at 29-day postwounding. The sole effect on scar structure of a range of epidermal and dermal variables examined was that αCT1-treated scars had less alignment of collagen fibers relative to control wounds-a characteristic that resembles unwounded skin. The with-in subject effect of αCT1 on scar collagen order observed in Phase I testing in humans was recapitulated in Sprague-Dawley rats and the IAF hairless guinea pig. Transient increase in histologic collagen density in response to αCT1 was also observed in both animal models. Mouse NIH 3T3 fibroblasts and primary human dermal fibroblasts treated with αCT1 in vitro showed more rapid closure in scratch wound assays, with individual cells showing decreased directionality in movement. An agent-based computational model parameterized with fibroblast motility data predicted collagen alignments in simulated scars consistent with that observed experimentally in human and the animal models. In conclusion, αCT1 prompts decreased directionality of fibroblast movement and the generation of a 3D collagen matrix postwounding that is similar to unwounded skin-changes that correlate with long-term improvement in scar appearance.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicatriz/metabolismo , Conexina 43/metabolismo , Derme/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Cicatriz/patologia , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Cobaias , Humanos , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34209086

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) obtained from various sources, including bone marrow, have been proposed as a therapeutic strategy for the improvement of tissue repair/regeneration, including the repair of cartilage defects or lesions. Often the highly inflammatory environment after injury or during diseases, however, greatly diminishes the therapeutic and reparative effectiveness of MSCs. Therefore, the identification of novel factors that can protect MSCs against an inflammatory environment may enhance the effectiveness of these cells in repairing tissues, such as articular cartilage. In this study, we investigated whether a peptide (P15-1) that binds to hyaluronan (HA), a major component of the extracellular matrix of cartilage, protects bone-marrow-derived MSCs (BMSCs) in an inflammatory environment. The results showed that P15-1 reduced the mRNA levels of catabolic and inflammatory markers in interleukin-1beta (IL-1ß)-treated human BMSCs. In addition, P15-1 enhanced the attachment of BMSCs to HA-coated tissue culture dishes and stimulated the chondrogenic differentiation of the multipotential murine C3H/10T1/2 MSC line in a micromass culture. In conclusion, our findings suggest that P15-1 may increase the capacity of BMSCs to repair cartilage via the protection of these cells in an inflammatory environment and the stimulation of their attachment to an HA-containing matrix and chondrogenic differentiation.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/química , Receptores de Hialuronatos/química , Ácido Hialurônico/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/efeitos adversos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Condrogênese , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Interleucina-6/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Metaloproteases/genética , Camundongos , Peptídeos/química
19.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(31): 8758-8767, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314160

RESUMO

Lasso peptides, a class of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) secreted by bacteria, have antimicrobial activity. Here, a novel lasso peptide, microcin Y (MccY), was discovered and characterized. The gene cluster for MccY synthesis was cloned for expression in Escherichia coli. This peptide was purified by HPLC and characterized by Q-TOF. MIC assays showed that some Bacillus, Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas, Shigella, and Salmonella strains were sensitive to MccY. Interestingly, Salmonellatyphimurium and Salmonella infantis were efficiently inhibited by MccY, while they were not affected by MccJ25, a lasso peptide that has antibacterial effects on many Salmonella strains. Furthermore, MccY-resistant strains of S. typhimurium were screened, and mutations were found in FhuA and SbmA, indicating the importance of these transporters for MccY absorption. This novel peptide can greatly broaden the antimicrobial spectrum of MccJ25 in Salmonella and is expected to be used in food preservation and animal feed additive areas.


Assuntos
Bacteriocinas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa , Bacteriocinas/genética , Bacteriocinas/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/genética , Peptídeos/genética , Peptídeos/farmacologia
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281170

RESUMO

miRNAs regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally in various processes, e.g., immunity, development, and diseases. Since their experimental analysis is complex, in silico target prediction is important for directing investigations. TnP is a candidate peptide for anti-inflammatory therapy, first discovered in the venom of Thalassophryne nattereri, which led to miRNAs overexpression in LPS-inflamed zebrafish post-treatment. This work aimed to predict miR-21, miR-122, miR-731, and miR-26 targets using overlapped results of DIANA microT-CDS and TargetScanFish software. This study described 513 miRNAs targets using highly specific thresholds. Using Gene Ontology over-representation analysis, we identified their main roles in regulating gene expression, neurogenesis, DNA-binding, transcription regulation, immune system process, and inflammatory response. miRNAs act in post-transcriptional regulation, but we revealed that their targets are strongly related to expression regulation at the transcriptional level, e.g., transcription factors proteins. A few predicted genes participated concomitantly in many biological processes and molecular functions, such as foxo3a, rbpjb, rxrbb, tyrobp, hes6, zic5, smad1, e2f7, and npas4a. Others were particularly involved in innate immunity regulation: il17a/f2, pik3r3b, and nlrc6. Together, these findings not only provide new insights into the miRNAs mode of action but also raise hope for TnP therapy and may direct future experimental investigations.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Venenos de Peixe/farmacologia , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , MicroRNAs/genética , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Simulação por Computador , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Ontologia Genética , Imunidade Inata/genética , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Peixe-Zebra
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...