Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.824
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1993-2002, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228773

RESUMO

Three isolates, 5K138T, 8K307T and KC603T, with typical morphological characteristics of members of the genus Jiangella were obtained during a study searching for novel actinobacteria with biosynthetic potential from the Karakum Desert. A polyphasic approach was adopted to determine taxonomic affiliations of the strains. The strains showed chemotaxonomic properties consistent with their classification as representing members of the genus Jiangella such as ll-diaminopimelic acid in the cell wall peptidoglycan, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol as major polar lipids as well as MK-9(H4) as a major menaquinone. Pairwise sequence comparisons of the 16S rRNA genes showed that the strains were closely related to Jiangella alba DSM 45237T, Jiangella rhizosphaerae NEAU-YY265T and Jiangella mangrovi 3SM4-07T with higher than 99 % sequence identities. However, a combination of phenotypic and phylogenetic approaches as well as genome-based comparative analyses confirmed the taxonomic positions of these strains as representing distinct species within the genus Jiangella. Therefore, strains 5K138T, 8K307T and KC603T should each be classified as representing a novel species within the genus Jiangella, for which the names Jiangella asiatica sp. nov., Jiangella aurantiaca sp. nov. and Jiangella ureilytica sp. nov. are proposed, respectively. The type strains of the proposed novel species are as follows: Jiangella asiatica 5K138T (=JCM 33518T=CGMCC 4.7672T), Jiangella aurantiaca 8K307T (=JCM 33519T=CGMCC 4.7621T) and Jiangella ureilytica KC603T (=JCM 33520T=CGMCC 4.7618T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Clima Desértico , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Turcomenistão , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 2003-2007, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234114

RESUMO

A yellow-pigmented, Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile rod shaped, mesophilic bacterium, designated strain N7XX-4T, was isolated from cattail root grown on the mine tailings of Phoenix mountain, Tongling city, Anhui Province (PR China). Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that the strain represented a novel member of the family Microbacteriaceae. The nearest phylogenetic neighbour was Lysinimonas kribbensis MSL-13T (97.8 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). The most abundant fatty acid in whole cells of N7XX-4T was anteiso-C15 : 0 (29.9 %). The predominant menaquinones were MK-12(H2), MK-13(H2) and MK-11(H2). The peptidoglycan type of the isolate was B1δ with l-Lys as the diagnostic cell-wall diamino acid. On the basis of differences in phenotypic and genotypic characteristics, strain N7XX-4T (=CGMCC 1.16548T=DSM 106791T=JCM 32630T) is designated as the type strain of a novel species of the genus Lysinimonas, for which the name Lysinimonas yzui sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Mineração , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Typhaceae/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1503-1507, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100673

RESUMO

A Gram-variable, aerobic, motile and irregular rod-shaped bacterium, designated HB172195T, was isolated from a mangrove sediment sample collected from Bamen Bay mangrove forest, China. Cells of the strain were oxidase-negative but positive for catalase and nitrate reduction. Strain HB172195T was found to grow at 15-50 °C (optimum, 25-40 °C), pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and in 1.0-11.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3-6 %). Chemotaxonomic analysis indicated that the sole respiratory quinone was MK-7 and the cell-wall peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0 and C16 : 1ω7c alcohol. The major polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol and an unidentified phospholipid. The genomic DNA G+C content was 40.9 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strain was closely related to Bacillus hwajinpoensis SW-72T (96.3%), Bacillus algicola KMM 3737T (96.2 %) and Bacillus haemicentroti JSM 076093T (95.5 %). Based on polyphasic taxonomic characterization, strain HB172195T is considered to represent a novel species, for which the name Bacillus caeni sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HB172195T (=CGMCC 1.16730T=JCM 33411T).


Assuntos
Bacillus/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 2059-2065, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100703

RESUMO

An obligately anaerobic, Gram-stain-positive, non-motile and coccoid- or oval-shaped bacterium, designated strain KGMB01111T, was isolated from faeces from a healthy Korean. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that KGMB01111T was closely related to Ruminococcus gauveauii CCRI-16110T (93.9 %) and Blautia stercoris GAM6-1T (93.7 %), followed by Clostridium nexile DSM 1787T (93.5 %), Blautia producta ATCC 27340T (93.4 %), Blautia hydrogenotrophica DSM 10507T (93.1 %) and Blautia coccoides ATCC 29236T (93.1 %) within the family Lachnospiraceae (Clostridium rRNA cluster XIVa). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that KGMB01111T formed a separate branch with species in the genus Blautia. The major cellular fatty acids (>10.0 %) were C16 : 0 and C18 : 1 cis 9 dimethyl acetal (DMA), and the major polar lipids were aminophospholipids and lipids. KGMB01111T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid in cell-wall peptidoglycan. The predominant end product of fermentation produced by KGMB01111T was acetic acid. Based on the whole-genome sequence, the DNA G+C content of the isolate was 44.7 mol%. On the basis of the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic characteristics, KGMB01111T represents a novel species within the genus Blautia for which the name Blautia faecicola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KGMB01111T (=KCTC 15706T=DSM 107827T).


Assuntos
Clostridiales/classificação , Fezes/microbiologia , Filogenia , Ácido Acético/metabolismo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Clostridiales/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fermentação , Humanos , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1785-1792, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951190

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive actinobacterial strain, designated YJ01T, was isolated from a spinach farming field soil at Shinan in Korea. Strain YJ01T was aerobic, non-motile, non-spore-forming cocci with diameters of 1.5-1.9 µm, and was able to grow at 10-37 °C (optimum, 28-30 °C), at pH 4.5-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-8.0) and at salinities of 0-7.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 1.0 % NaCl). Sequence similarities of the 16S rRNA gene of strain YJ01T with closely related relatives were in the range 96.2-92.8 %, and the results of phylogenomic analysis indicated that strain YJ01T was clearly separated from species of genera in the family Intrasporangiaceae showing average nucleotide identity values of 84.2-83.4 %. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was identified as MK-8(H4) and the major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16:1 h, iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 1ω9c. The diagnostic diamino acid of the peptidoglycan was ornithine, and the interpeptide bridge was l-Orn-Gly2-d-Glu. The major polar lipids were identified as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylserine, an unidentified phosphatidylglycolipid, two unidentified phosphoaminolipids and an unidentified phosphoglycoaminolipid. The G+C content of the genome was 70.1 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic and chemotaxonomic properties and phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses using 16S rRNA gene sequences and whole-genome sequences, strain YJ01T is considered to represent a novel species of a new genus in the family Intrasporangiaceae, for which the name Segeticoccus rhizosphaerae gen. nov. sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Segeticoccus rhizosphaerae is YJ01T (=KACC 19547T=NBRC 113173T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Fazendas , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1843-1849, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951191

RESUMO

A novel bacterial strain, designated AK13T (=KACC 21401T=DSM 109981T), was isolated from the rhizosphere of Miscanthus sacchariflorus. Strain AK13T was found to be an aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, endospore-forming and rod-shaped bacterium. It formed yellow circular colonies with smooth convex surfaces. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain AK13T was estimated to be 40 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity showed that this strain was most closely related to Bacillus lehensis MLB2T (99.4 %), Bacillus oshimensis K11T (98.8 %) and Bacillus patagoniensis PAT 05T (96.6 %). The average nucleotide identity values between strain AK13T and B. lehensis MLB2T, B. oshimensis K11T and B. patagoniensis PAT 05T were 90.93, 91.05 and 71.87 %, respectively, with the digital DNA-DNA hybridization values of 42.7, 42.6 and 18.8 %, respectively. Cells grew at 5-40 °C (optimum, 28-35 °C), pH 6.5-13 (optimum, pH 8-9) and in the presence of 0-13.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 1 %). The cell wall of strain AK13T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, and the major isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. Results of fatty acid methyl ester analysis revealed that iso-C15 : 0 was the predominant cellular fatty acid. Two-dimensional thin-layer chromatography analysis indicated that the major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and glycolipid. The genotypic and phenotypic characteristics suggested that strain AK13T represented a novel species of the genus Bacillus, and thus the name Bacillus miscanthi sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Bacillus/classificação , Filogenia , Poaceae/microbiologia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Bacillus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1800-1804, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951192

RESUMO

A novel Streptomyces strain (SSL-25T) was isolated from mangrove soil sampled at QinzhouBay, PR China. The isolate was observed to be Gram-stain-positive and to form greyish-white aerial mycelia that differentiated into straight spore chains with smooth-surfaced spores on International Streptomyces Project 2 medium. The cell-wall peptidoglycan was determined to contain ll-diaminopimelicacid. The cell-wall sugars were glucose and mannose. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9 (H6), MK-9 (H8) and MK-9 (H4). The major polar lipids contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and several unidentified phospholipids. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C16:0, iso-C16:0 and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c/C16:1ω6c). The genome size of strain SSL-25T was 8.1 Mbp with a G+C content of 71.5 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that strain SSL-25T is closely related to Streptomyces tsukubensis NRRL 18488T (99.4 % sequence similarity). However, the digital DNA-DNA hybridization (39.8 %) and average nucleotide identity (91.3 %) values between them showed that it represents a distinct species. Furthermore, the results of morphological, physiological and biochemical tests allowed further phenotypic differentiation of strain SSL-25T from S. tsukubensis NRRL 18488T. Therefore, based on these results, it is concluded that strain SSL-25T represents a novel Streptomyces species, for which the name Streptomyces qinzhouensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SSL-25T (=CICC 11054T=JCM33585T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Streptomyces/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Parede Celular/química , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Tamanho do Genoma , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Solo , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1793-1799, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958054

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-motile and coccoid-shaped bacterium, designated XNB-1T, was isolated from farmland soil in Taian, Shandong province, China. Strain XNB-1T contained iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0 as the predominant fatty acids. The diagnostic diamino acid of the peptidoglycan was ornithine, and the interpeptide bridge was l-Orn←Gly(1, 2)←d-Glu. The polar lipid profile of strain XNB-1T consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified phosphoglycolipid and three unidentified phospholipids. The predominant menaquinone of strain XNB-1T was MK-8(H4) and the DNA G+C content was 70.1 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain XNB-1T belonged to the genus Ornithinicoccus, and shared the highest similarity with Ornithinicoccus hortensis HKI 0125T (96.0 %), followed by Ornithinicoccus halotolerans EGI 80423T (95.5 %). Genome-based analysis of average nucleotide identity of strain XNB-1T with O. hortensis HKI 0125T and O. halotolerans EGI 80423T yielded values of 73.1 and 73.3 %, respectively, while the digital DNA-DNA hybridization values were 19.5 and 19.9 %, respectively. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain XNB-1T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Ornithinicoccus, for which the name Ornithinicoccus soli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is XNB-1T (=CCTCC AB 2019099T=KCTC 49259T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Fazendas , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1463-1469, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961287

RESUMO

Strain MS2379T was isolated from a pasteurized solution sample from a predominantly anaerobic fermentation system processing bovine manure in Pilot Point, Texas. Phylogenetic analyses based on both 16S rRNA gene and rpoB gene sequences showed that MS2379T was most closely related to Paenibacillus polymyxa (DSM 36T), P. jamilae (DSM 13815T), and P. peoriae (DSM 8320T), yet DNA-DNA relatedness through DNA-DNA hybridization revealed only 22.6, 32.0 and 24.7 % relatedness to these three species respectively. Rod-shaped cells of strain MS2379T are Gram-stain variable with sub-terminal, ellipsoidal, deforming endospores. The peptidoglycan contains meso-diaminopimelic acid (mDAP) and the predominant fatty acids are anteiso-C15 : 0 (61.9 %) and anteiso-C17 : 0 (11.6 %), confirming that strain MS2379T has diagnostic features of other Paenibacillus species. The G+C content of MS2379T is 45.9 mol%. Fermentation of glucose yields acid and gas end-products. The polar lipids found were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, and glycolipids, but also included some unidentified lipids, aminolipids, aminoglycolipid, and phosphatidylmethylethanolamine. The growth range of MS2379T was observed from 10-45 °C with optimal growth temperature at 30 °C. Growth was observed between pH 6-10 and up to 3 % NaCl. Unlike the most closely related Paenibacillus species, strain MS2379T was negative in the Voges-Proskauer reaction. Nucleic acid, chemotaxonomic and biochemical features support the distinctiveness of strain MS2379T. Thus, strain MS2379T represents a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus for which the name Paenibacillus ottowii sp. nov. is proposed with the type strain MS2379T (=DSM 107750T=ATCC TSD-165T).


Assuntos
Fermentação , Esterco/microbiologia , Paenibacillus/classificação , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Bovinos , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Paenibacillus/isolamento & purificação , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Texas
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1888-1894, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967953

RESUMO

A novel, Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-endospore-forming, non-motile and rod-shaped bacterium designated RB2T was isolated from sap of Populus euphratica collected in Mulei county, Xinjiang province, PR China. RB2T was able to grow at 10-45 °C (optimum 35 °C), pH 6.0-12.0 (optimum 8.0) and with 0-12 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 1 %). The genomic DNA G+C content was 63.5 % (from the genome sequence). The results of the chemotaxonomic analysis indicated that the predominant isoprenoid quinones were MK-8 and MK-9. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The major polar lipids of RB2T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and two glycolipids. The peptidoglycan type of RB2T was A4α, l-Lys-Gly-l-Glu. The results of the phylogenetic analysis, along with the phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, indicate that strain RB2T represents a novel species of the genus Nesterenkonia, for which the name Nesterenkonia muleiensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RB2T (=MCCC 1K03528T=KCTC 49017T).


Assuntos
Micrococcaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Populus/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Micrococcaceae/isolamento & purificação , Peptidoglicano/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1940-1946, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967956

RESUMO

A Gram-reaction-positive, endospore-forming and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated py1325T, was isolated from the root of Paris polyphylla Smith var. yunnanensis collected from Yunnan Province, PR China, and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic characterization. It grew optimally with 0-1 % NaCl (w/v), at pH 7 and at 30 °C. The major respiratory quinone was MK-7 and the diagnostic diamino acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid. The major cellular fatty acid was anteiso-C15 : 0. The polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminophospholipids, two unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified lipids. The results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed the highest levels of sequence similarity with respect to Paenibacillus luteus R-3T (99.0 %), Paenibacillus sinopodophylli CCTCC AB 2016047T (97.9 %), Paenibacillus castaneae DSM 19417T (97.5 %) and Paenibacillus endophyticus LMG 27297T (97.2 %). The digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between py1325T and these species ranged 20.6-53.3 % and 79.9-93.6 %. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 47.7 mol%. According to the phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic evidence, strain py1325T clearly represents a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus paridis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is py1325T (=CCTCC AB 2015220T=LMG 29068T).


Assuntos
Melanthiaceae/microbiologia , Paenibacillus/classificação , Filogenia , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Endófitos/classificação , Endófitos/isolamento & purificação , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Paenibacillus/isolamento & purificação , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1924-1930, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31976851

RESUMO

A bacterium that was Gram-staining-positive, facultatively anaerobic, non-motile, rod- or filamentous-shaped, designated as strain 2JSPR-7T, was isolated from a gut of larvae of Allomyrina dichotoma which were raised at the National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Wanju-gun, Republic of Korea. 2JSPR-7T had the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Xylanibacterium ulmi XIL08T (98.1 %), Xylanimicrobium pachnodae NBRC 107786T (97.8 %) and Xylanimonas cellulosilytica DSM 15894T (97.5 %). Optimum growth conditions were at 28-30 °C, pH 7-8 and 0 % salt concentration. The cellular fatty acids mainly consisted of anteiso-C15 : 0, C14 : 0 and C16 : 0. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, four unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified glycophospholipids. The major menaquinones were MK-8(H4) and MK-9(H4). The peptidoglycan structure was suggested to be the type A3α (A11.14) l-Lys-l-Ser with the presence of d-Ala, l-Ala, d-Glu, l-Ser and l-Lys. Whole cell sugars were rhamnose, ribose and glucose. The DNA G+C content was 72.7 mol%. We encountered difficulty in selecting a suitable genus to accommodate strain 2JSPR-7T from any of the genera Xylanimonas, Xylanimicrobium and Xylanibacterium based on the polyphasic approach including phylogenetic and phenotypic characterization. Therefore, it is proposed to combine the genera Xylanimicrobium and Xylanibacterium with the genus Xylanimonas considering the priority of publication and to classify strain 2JSPR-7T in the genus as Xylanimonas allomyrinae sp. nov. The type strain of the novel species is 2JSPR-7T (=KACC 19330T=NBRC 113052T). In addition, the description of the genus Xylanimonas is emended, and Xylanibacterium ulmi and Xylanimicrobium pachnodae are reclassified as Xylanimonas ulmi comb. nov. and Xylanimonas pachnodae comb. nov., respectively.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Besouros/microbiologia , Trato Gastrointestinal/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Larva/microbiologia , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1963-1968, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985393

RESUMO

A Gram-stain positive, pleomorphic, oxidase-negative, non-motile isolate from the ulcer of a farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), designated strain T11bT, was subjected to a comprehensive taxonomic investigation. A comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed highest similarities to the type strains of Pseudarthrobacter siccitolerans (98.1 %) and Arthrobacter methylotrophus and Pseudarthrobacter phenanthrenivorans (both 98.0 %). The highest ANI value observed between the assembled genome of T11bT and the publicly available Pseudarthrobacter and Arthrobacter type strain genomes were 81.15 and 80.99 %, respectively. The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone MK-9(H2). The polyamine pattern contained predominantly spermidine. The polar lipid profile consisted of the major lipids diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, monogalactosyl-diacylglycerol and dimannosylglyceride. Minor amouts of trimannosyldiacylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol were also detected. The peptidoglycan was of the type A3α l-Lys-l-Ser-l-Thr-l-Ala (A11.23). In the fatty acid profile, anteiso and iso branched fatty acids predominated (anteiso C15 : 0, iso C16 : 0, anteiso C17 : 0). Moderate to low DNA-DNA similarities, physiological traits as well as unique traits in the fatty acid pattern distinguished strain T11bT from the next related species. All these data point to the fact that strain T11bT represents a novel species of the genus Arthrobacter for which we propose the name Arthrobacter ulcerisalmonis sp. nov. The type strain is T11bT (=CIP 111621T=CCM 8854T=LMG 30632T=DSM 107127T).


Assuntos
Arthrobacter/classificação , Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia , Filogenia , Salmo salar/microbiologia , Úlcera/microbiologia , Animais , Aquicultura , Arthrobacter/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , Chile , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
14.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 458, 2020 01 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974386

RESUMO

Assembly of the peptidoglycan is crucial in maintaining viability of bacteria and in defining bacterial cell shapes, both of which are important for existence in the ecological niche that the organism occupies. Here, eight crystal structures for a member of the cell-shape-determining class of Campylobacter jejuni, the peptidoglycan peptidase 3 (Pgp3), are reported. Characterization of the turnover chemistry of Pgp3 reveals cell wall D,D-endopeptidase and D,D-carboxypeptidase activities. Catalysis is accompanied by large conformational changes upon peptidoglycan binding, whereby a loop regulates access to the active site. Furthermore, prior hydrolysis of the crosslinked peptide stem from the saccharide backbone of the peptidoglycan on one side is a pre-requisite for its recognition and turnover by Pgp3. These analyses reveal the noncanonical nature of the transformations at the core of the events that define the morphological shape for C. jejuni as an intestinal pathogen.


Assuntos
Campylobacter jejuni/metabolismo , Endopeptidases/química , Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Peptidoglicano/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Domínio Catalítico , Ácido Cítrico/química , Ácido Cítrico/metabolismo , Cristalografia por Raios X , Endopeptidases/genética , Hidrólise , Metaloproteases/química , Modelos Moleculares , Mutação , Peptidoglicano/química , Conformação Proteica , Fatores de Virulência/química
15.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 43(1): 126051, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892483

RESUMO

A polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the taxonomic status of three Modestobacter strains isolated from a high altitude Atacama Desert soil. The isolates, strains 1G6T, 1G14 and 1G50, showed chemotaxonomic and morphological properties characteristic of members of the genus Modestobacter. The peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid, the whole cell sugars were glucose and ribose (diagnostic sugars) and arabinose, the predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H4), polar lipid patterns contained diphosphatidylglycerol, glycophosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylethanolamine (diagnostic component), phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol while whole cellular fatty acid profiles consisted of complex mixtures of saturated, unsaturated iso- and anteiso-components. The isolates were shown to have different BOX-PCR fingerprint and physiological profiles. They formed a distinct phyletic line in Modestobacter 16S rRNA gene trees, were most closely related to the type strain of Modestobacter italicus (99.9 % similarity) but were distinguished from this and other closely related Modestobacter type strains using a combination of phenotypic properties. Average nucleotide identity and digital DNA:DNA hybridization similarities between the draft genome sequences of isolate 1G6T and M. italicus BC 501T were 90.9 % and 42.3 %, respectively, indicating that they belong to different species. Based on these phenotypic and genotypic data it is proposed that the isolates be assigned to a novel species in the genus Modestobacter, namely as Modestobacter excelsi with isolate 1G6T (=DSM 107535T =PCM 3004T) as the type strain. Analysis of the whole genome sequence of M. excelsi 1G6T (genome size of 5.26 Mb) showed the presence of genes and gene clusters that encode for properties that are in tune with its adaptation to extreme environmental conditions that prevail in the Atacama Desert biome.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/fisiologia , Clima Desértico , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/química , Actinobacteria/citologia , Altitude , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Especificidade da Espécie , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1691-1697, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935182

RESUMO

Strain CPCC 203383T, isolated from the surface-sterilized fruit of Cerasus pseudocerasus (Lindl.) G. Don, was taxonomically characterized based on a polyphasic investigation. It had the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with Ornithinimicrobium pekingense DSM 21552 (97.2 %) and O. kibberense DSM 17687T (97.2%). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strain formed a distinct phyletic branch within the genus Ornithinimicrobium and the whole genome sequence data analyses supported that strain CPCC 203383T was phylogenetically related to the Ornithinimicrobium species. The isolate shared a range of phenotypic patterns reported for members of the genus Ornithinimicrobium, but also had a range of cultural, physiological and biochemical characteristics that separated it from related Ornithinimicrobium species. The menaquinone was MK-8(H4). The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylinositol (PI) and unidentified lipids (ULs). The major fatty acids (>5 %) were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16:0, 9-methyl C16 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The cell wall peptidoglycan contains l-ornithine as diagnostic diamino acid and an interpeptide bridge consisting of L-Orn←L-Ala←Gly←D-Asp. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data indicated that the isolate represents a novel species of the genus Ornithinimicrobium, for which the name Ornithinimicrobium cerasi sp. nov. is proposed, with CPCC 203383T(=NBRC 113522T=KCTC 49200T) as the type strain. The DNA G+C composition is 72.3 mol%. The availability of new data allows for an emended description of the genus Ornithinimicrobium.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Prunus/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Frutas/microbiologia , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1977-1981, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985395

RESUMO

China is a hotspot for hot springs and during microbial diversity analysis of Tengchong hot spring, Yunnan province, south-west PR China, two strains designated SYSU G01001T and SY-13 were isolated. SYSU G01001T and SY-13 were Gram-stain-positive, motile and spore-forming. Colonies were white, circular, raised and punctiform. SYSU G01001T and SY-13 grew at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum pH 8.0) and at 23-37 °C (optimum 28 °C). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between SYSU G01001T and SY-13 was 99.6 % but these strains shared low sequence similarity with Paenibacillus azotifigens (97.5 %) indicating that they represented a novel species. On the basis of the results, SYSU G01001T was selected for further investigations and SY-13 was considered to represent a second strain of the species. The cell wall peptidoglycan of SYSU G01001T was meso-2,6-diaminopimelic acid and MK-7 was the only respiratory quinone. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), two unidentified aminolipids (AL), two unidentified amino phospholipids (APL), an unidentified phospholipid (PL) and an unidentified polar lipid (L). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 53.9 mol%. The average nucleotide identity (ANIb and ANIm) values between SYSU G01001T and Paenibacillus azotifigens LMG 29963T were below the cut-off level (95-96 %) recommended as the average nucleotide identity (ANI) criterion for interspecies identity. On the basis of the above results strain SYSU G01001T represents a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus tepidiphilus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SYSU G01001T (=KCTC 33952T=CGMCC 1.13870T).


Assuntos
Fontes Termais/microbiologia , Paenibacillus/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia da Água , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Paenibacillus/isolamento & purificação , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 282-291, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596193

RESUMO

An isolate, 13K206T, with typical morphological characteristics of the genus Micromonospora was obtained during a study searching for novel actinobacteria with biosynthetic potential from the Karakum Desert. A polyphasic approach was adopted to determine taxonomic affiliation of the strain. The strain showed chemotaxonomical properties consistent with its classification in the genus Micromonospora such as meso- and 3-OH-A2pm in the cell-wall peptidoglycan, xylose in whole-cell hydrolysate and diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol as major polar lipids. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the strain was closely related to 'Micromonospora spongicola' S3-1T, Micromonospora nigra DSM 43818T and Micromonospora yasonensis DS3186T with sequence similarities of 98.6, 98.5 and 98.4 %, respectively. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity analyses in addition to gyrB gene analysis confirmed the assignment of the strain to a novel species within the genus Micromonospora for which the name Micromonospora deserti sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 13K206T (=JCM 32583T=DSM 107532T). The DNA G+C content of the type strain is 72.4 mol%.


Assuntos
Clima Desértico , Micromonospora/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Micromonospora/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Turcomenistão
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 120-125, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613202

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterial strain, designated SYSU K10008T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from a karst cave in Xingyi County, Guizhou Province, south-western PR China. The taxonomic position of the strain was investigated by using a polyphasic approach. Cells of the strain were aerobic, Gram-stain-positive and non-motile. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities and the results of phylogenetic analysis, strain SYSU K10008T was most closely related to Streptomyces cyaneus CGMCC 4.1671T, and shared the highest sequence identity of 98.3 % based on the NCBI database. In addition, ll-diaminopimelic acid was the diagnostic diamino acid in cell-wall peptidoglycan. The whole-cell sugars were glucose and rhamnose. The major isoprenoid quinone was MK-9(H6), while the major fatty acids (>10 %) were C16 : 0, iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c/C16  : 1 ω6c). The polar lipids contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and one unidentified lipid. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain SYSU K10008T was 70.5 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic data, strain SYSU K10008T represents a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces cavernae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SYSU K10008T (=KCTC 39850T=DSM 104115T).


Assuntos
Cavernas/microbiologia , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Streptomyces/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(1): 58-64, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613742

RESUMO

Two previously undescribed, Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped strains, 410T and 553, were isolated from faeces of the Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) from the Tibet-Qinghai Plateau, PR China. The optimum growth conditions of the two novel strains were 1 % (w/v) NaCl, 37 °C and pH 7. The end products from glucose fermentation included ethanol and lactic acid. Based on results of 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison and phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses, strains 410T and 553 were classified into the genus Actinomyces, and were closely related to Actinomyces ruminicola (97.6 %), Actinomyces oricola (93.5 %) and Actinomyces dentalis (90.8 %). The genomic G+C content of strain 410T was 67.4 mol%. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain 410T and each of the closely related species were under 70 %. The respiratory quinones were MK-10 (68 %) and MK-9 (32 %). The main cellular fatty acids of the isolates were C16 : 0, followed by C18 : 1 ω9c. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol-mannoside. The whole-cell sugars contained rhamnose, ribose and glucose. The diagnostic amino acids of cell-wall peptidoglycan included alanine, glutamic acid, lysine and ornithine. The results of biochemical, chemotaxonomic and genotypic analyses revealed that the two novel strains represent a novel species of genus Actinomyces, for which the name Actinomyces qiguomingii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 410T (=CGMCC 1.16361T= DSM 106201T).


Assuntos
Actinomyces/classificação , Antílopes/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinomyces/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tibet , Vitamina K 2/química
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA