Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.934
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909547

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, strictly aerobic, spore-forming, rod-shaped and non-motile bacterium designated strain SIJ1T was obtained from tidal flat sediment collected from the northern shore of Kuwait Bay, northwest of the Arabian Gulf. Strain SIJ1T grew optimally at 30 °C and pH 7-8 in the presence of 6 % (w/v) NaCl. The cell-wall peptidoglycan was based on meso-diaminopimelic acid and an unsaturated menaquinone with seven isoprene units (MK-7) was the predominant respiratory quinone. It contained anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0 as the major fatty acids and ribose as the major whole-cell sugar. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, unidentified phospholipid, an unidentified glycolipid, phosphoglycolipid and an unidentified lipid. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA genes revealed that SIJ1T showed a distinct evolutionary lineage within the Firmicutes. The DNA G+C content was 43.1 mol% and the full genome analysis for strain SIJ1T showed that it had a genome size of 3 989 945 bp and contained 4085 predicted protein-encoding genes. The SIJ1T annotated genome showed more stress resistance encoding genes in comparison to its closely related strains. The amino acid identity and average nucleotide identity data for the whole genome proved that strain SIJ1T does indeed represent a novel genus. The strain was distinguishable from the phylogenetically related genera through differences in several phenotypic properties. On the basis of the phenotypic, phylogenetic and genetic data, strain SIJ1T represents a novel genus and species in the family Bacillaceae, for which the name Litoribacterium kuwaitense gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SIJ1T (=DSM 28862T=LMG 28316T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Bacillaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Baías , Parede Celular/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Kuweit , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909548

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-motile, non-endospore-forming and rod-shaped actinobacterium, designated strain CMS6Z-2T, was isolated from a surface-sterilized branch of Kandelia candel collected from the Maowei Sea, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, PR China. Strain CMS6Z-2T grew at 10-37 °C (optimum, 37 °C), pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-8.0) and in the presence of 0-10.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0-1.0 %). Strain CMS6Z-2T possessed meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diamino acid of the peptidoglycan and MK-8 (H4) as the predominant menaquinone. The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and C18 : 1 ω9c. The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and two unknown phospholipids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 74.1 mol%. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA genes showed that strain CMS6Z-2T should be assigned to the genus Phycicoccus and its closest relative was Phycicoccus endophyticus IP6SC6T with 98.3 % similarity. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence and phylogenomic analysis based on core proteomes alignment revealed that strain CMS6Z-2T belonged to the genus Phycicoccus and formed a robust cluster with Phycicoccus endophyticus IP6SC6T within the genus Phycicoccus. The average nucleotide identity value and estimated digital DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain CMS6Z-2T and the type strain of Phycicoccus endophyticus were 81.5 and 23.9 %, respectively. On the basis of phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain CMS6Z-2T represents a novel species of the genus Phycicoccus, for which the name Phycicoccus flavus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CMS6Z-2T (=KCTC 49240T=CGMCC4.7549T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Rhizophoraceae/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33913805

RESUMO

Two bacterial strains, FWR-8T and CFWR-9T, were isolated from the gut of larvae of Protaetia brevitarsis seulensis that were raised at the National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Wanju-gun, Republic of Korea. Both strains were strictly aerobic, Gram-stain-positive and non-motile. Strain FWR-8T possessed the highest sequence similarity (98.7 %) to that of Protaetiibacter intestinalis 2DFWR-13T and the phylogenetic tree revealed that strain FWR-8T formed a cluster with Ptb. intestinalis 2DFWR-13T. Pseudolysinimonas kribbensis MSL-13T and Lysinimonas yzui N7XX-4T shared a high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (97.8 %) and formed a cluster adjacent to the cluster that included Ptb. intestinalis 2DFWR-13T. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain CFWR-9T exhibited the highest similarity (97.7 %) to that of Agromyces binzhouensis OAct353T and the phylogenetic tree indicated that strain CFWR-9T formed one independent cluster with A. binzhouensis OAct353T that was within the radius of the genus Agromyces. The peptidoglycan type, major fatty acids, major menaquinones and total polar lipids of strain FWR-8T were characterized as type B1, iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0, MK-15, MK-16 and MK-14, and diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified glycolipids and one unidentified lipid, respectively. Those from strain CFWR-9T were type B1, iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0, MK-11, MK-12 and MK-10, and diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified glycolipids and one unidentified lipid, respectively. Based on the phenotypic and genotypic data, strains FWR-8T and CFWR-9T each represent a novel species within the genera Protaetiibacter and Agromyces, respectively. For these species, the names Protaetiibacter larvae sp. nov. and Agromyces intestinalis sp. nov. have been proposed, with the type strains FWR-8T (=KACC 19322T=NBRC 113051T) and CFWR-9T (=KACC 19306T=NBRC 113046T), respectively. Our results also justify a reclassification of Lysinimonas yzui as Pseudolysinimonas yzui comb. nov. and an emended description of the genus Pseudolysinimonas isprovided.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Besouros/microbiologia , Trato Gastrointestinal/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Larva/microbiologia , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835911

RESUMO

In the course of screening the surface soils of ancient copper mines and smelters (East Harz, Germany) an aerobic, non-motile and halotolerant actinobacterium forming small rods or cocci was isolated. The strain designated F300T developed creamy to yellow colonies on tryptone soy agar and grew optimally at 28 °C, pH 7-8 and with 0.5-2 % (m/v) NaCl. Its peptidoglycan was of type A4α l-Lys-l-Glu (A11.54). The menaquinone profile was dominated by MK-8(II, III-H4) and contained minor amounts of MK-8(H2), MK-8(H6) and MK-9(H4). The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, mono and diacylated phosphatidylinositol dimannosides, and components that were not fully characterized, including two phospholipids, two glycolipids and an uncharacterized lipid. Major whole-cell sugars were rhamnose and ribose. The fatty acid profile contained mainly iso and anteiso branched fatty acids (anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C14 : 0) and aldehydes/dimethylacetals (i.e. not fatty acids). Sequence analysis of its genomic DNA and subsequent analysis of the data placed the isolate in the group currently defined by members of the genera Ruania and Haloactinobacterium (family Ruaniaceae, order Micrococcales) as a sister taxon to the previously described species Haloactinobacterium glacieicola, sharing an average nucleotide identity and average amino acid identity values of 85.3 and 85.7 %, respectively. Genotypic and chemotaxonomic analyses support the view that strain F300T (=DSM 108350T=CIP 111667T) is the type strain of a new genus and new species for which the name Occultella aeris gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. Based on revised chemotaxonomic and additional genome based data, it is necessary to discuss and evaluate the results in the light of the classification and nomenclature of members of the family Ruaniaceae, i.e. the genera Haloactinobacterium and Ruania. Consequently, the reclassification of Haloactinobacterium glacieicola as Occultella glacieicola comb. nov. and Haloactinobacterium album as Ruania alba comb. nov., with an emended description of the genus Ruania are proposed.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Cobre , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Alemanha , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400640

RESUMO

A polyphasic taxonomic approach was used to characterize a Gram-stain-positive bacterium, designated strain CC-CFT486T, isolated from soil sampled in a maize field in Taiwan. Cells of strain CC-CFT486T were short rods, motile with polar flagella, catalase-positive and oxidase-positive. Optimal growth occurred at 30 °Ð¡, pH 8 and 1 % NaCl. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA genes revealed a distinct taxonomic position attained by strain CC-CFT486T associated with Aeromicrobium panacisoli (97.0 % sequence identity), Aeromicrobium lacus (97.0 %), Aeromicrobium erythreum (96.8 %) and Aeromicrobium alkaliterrae (96.8 %), and lower sequence similarity values to other species. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) values were 70.6-77.8 % (n=11) compared within the type strains of the genus Aeromicrobium. Strain CC-CFT486T contained C16 : 0, C17 : 0, C17 : 1 ω8c and C18 : 1 ω9c as the predominant fatty acids. The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, two unidentified aminophospholipids and three unknown phospholipids. The cell wall peptidoglycan of strains CC-CFT486T contained ll-diaminopimelic acid (ll-DAP) and the major polyamine was spermidine. The DNA G+C content was 70.6 mol% and the predominant quinone was menaquinone 9 (MK-9). Based on its distinct phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic traits together with results of comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence and ANI analyses, strain CC-CFT486T is proposed to represent a novel Aeromicrobium species, for which the name Aeromicrobium terrae sp. nov. (type strain CC-CFT486T=BCRC 81217T=JCM 33499T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Zea mays/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Espermidina/química , Taiwan , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427608

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-positive, facultatively aerobic, non-motile and rod- to coccoid-shaped bacterial strains, 23H37-10T and 4HC-13, were isolated from the faeces of greater white-fronted geese (Anser albifrons) at Poyang Lake, Jiangxi Province, PR China. Optimal growth was observed at 35-37 °C, pH 7.0-8.0 and with 0.5-1.5 % (w/v) NaCl. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of strains 23H37-10T and 4HC-13 were identical. Phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses indicated that strains 23H37-10T and 4HC-13 formed an independent cluster within the genus Corynebacterium and showed 98.8, 97.4, 97.4 and 97.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Corynebacterium urogenitale LMM 1652T, Corynebacterium urealyticum DSM 7109T, Corynebacterium falsenii DSM 44353T and Corynebacterium jeikeium NCTC 11913T, respectively. Cells contained C18 :1 ω9c, C18 : 0 and C16 : 0 as the major cellular fatty acids and MK-9 (H2) as the predominant respiratory quinone. The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidyl inositol mannosides, two unidentified phospholipids, four unidentified glycolipids and one unidentified lipid. Strain 23H37-10T contained mycolic acids, with meso-diaminopimelic acid and arabinose as the major whole-cell hydrolysates. The genome G+C content of strains 23H37-10T and 4HC-13 was 55.2 mol%. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between strains 23H37-10T and 4HC-13 were 94.4 and 99.6 %, respectively. Strains 23H37-10T and 4HC-13 had dDDH and ANI values of less than 70 and 96 % with all available genomes of the genus Corynebacterium, respectively. The differential genotypic inferences, together with phenotypic and biochemical characteristics, suggested that strains 23H37-10T and 4HC-13 represent a novel species within the genus Corynebacterium, for which the name Corynebacterium anserum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 23H37-10T (=GDMCC 1.1737T=KACC 21672T).


Assuntos
Corynebacterium/classificação , Fezes/microbiologia , Gansos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , Corynebacterium/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Lagos , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480836

RESUMO

A bacterial strain, designated TRM 80801T, was isolated from the Karelinea in Taklamakan desert, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, north-west China. Cells were Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-motile, short rods. Strain TRM 80801T grew at 4-50 °C, with optimum growth at 28 °C, and grew at pH 6.0-11.0 and 1-15 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analyses of the 16S rRNA gene sequences placed strain TRM 80801T within the genus Microbacterium with the highest similarities to Microbacterium suaedae YZYP 306T (98.97 %) and Microbacterium indicum BBH6T (98.17 %), respectively. The DNA G+C content of TRM 80801T is 69.38 mol%. The cell-wall peptidoglycan contained the amino acids ornithine, glutamic acid, glycine and alanine, the diagnostic diamino acid was ornithine. The acyl type of the peptidoglycan was glycolyl. Whole-cell sugars were ribose, mannose, glucose, rhamnose and galactose. The major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. The predominant menaquinones were MK-10, MK-11 and MK-12. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol. The whole-genome average nucleotide identity (ANI) value between strain TRM 80801T and Microbacterium suaedae YZYP 306T is 70.2 %. On the basis of the evidence presented in this study, strain TRM 80801T is representative of a novel species in the genus Microbacterium, for which the name Microbacterium karelineae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TRM 80801T (=CCTCC AB 2019248T=KCTC 49357T).


Assuntos
Clima Desértico , Filogenia , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
8.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(4): 1577-1585, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33399896

RESUMO

A new actinobacterial species of the genus Myceligenerans has been isolated from the intertidal sediment of Indian Sundarbans mangrove ecosystem. The isolate has been characterized based on polyphasic approaches. The isolate exhibit well-developed substrate mycelia along with the presence of cocci- and rod-shaped elements. The organism can grow across a wide range of temperature, salinity, and pH as well as on different carbon sources. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA showed that this isolate is closely related to Myceligenerans salitolerans XHU 5031 (99% identity; 100% coverage). Presence of ketosynthase domain representing polyketide synthases in the isolate provides evidence of its potential ability to produce secondary metabolites. Multigene phylogeny based on atpD and rpoB gene sequences confirmed it as a new species within the family Promicromonosporaceae (Phylum Actinobacteria). The DNA G + C content of the isolate has been determined as 72 mol%. The peptidoglycan type was A4α and the whole-cell hydrolysates contained glucose, galactose, and mannose. The polar lipids were represented by diphosphatidylglycerol, one unknown phospholipid and one unknown glycolipid. Major fatty acids present in the isolate are anteiso-C15, iso-C15, iso-C16, and anteiso-C17. Whole-genome sequence indicates the size of genome is ~ 5 Mbp. GGDC (%), orthoANIu (%), and AAI of I2 genome indicated 28.9%, 77.44% and 0.859 identity with the genome of Myceligenerans xiligouense strain DSM 15,700. The isolate I2 has been proposed as a new species, Myceligenerans indicum sp. nov. The genome sequence has been deposited to GenBank/ENA/DDBJ under the accession number JABBYC000000000.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria , Sedimentos Geológicos , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/química , Actinobacteria/classificação , Actinobacteria/genética , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Glicolipídeos/análise , Índia , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Especificidade da Espécie , Áreas Alagadas
9.
Anal Chem ; 93(4): 2342-2350, 2021 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470796

RESUMO

Peptidoglycan (PGN) is an essential structure found in the bacterial cell wall. During the bacterial life cycle, PGN continuously undergoes biosynthesis and degradation to ensure bacterial growth and division. The resulting PGN fragments (muropeptides and peptides), which are generated by the bacterial autolytic system, are usually transported into the cytoplasm to be recycled. On the other hand, PGN fragments can act as messenger molecules involved in the bacterial cell wall stress response as in the case of ß-lactamase induction in the presence of ß-lactam antibiotic or in triggering mammalian innate immune response. During their cellular life, bacteria modulate their PGN degradation by their autolytic system or their recognition by the mammalian innate immune system by chemically modifying their PGN. Among these modifications, the amidation of the ε-carboxyl group of meso-diaminopimelic acid present in the PGN peptide chain is frequently observed. Currently, the detection and quantitation of PGN-derived peptides is still challenging because of the difficulty in separating these highly hydrophilic molecules by RP-HPLC as these compounds are eluted closely after the column void volume or coeluted in many cases. Here, we report the use of capillary zone electrophoresis coupled via an electrospray-based CE-MS interface to high-resolution mass spectrometry for the quantitation of three PGN peptides of interest and their amidated derivatives in bacterial cytoplasmic extracts. The absolute quantitation of the tripeptide based on the [13C,15N] isotopically labeled standard was also performed in crude cytoplasmic extracts of bacteria grown in the presence or absence of a ß-lactam antibiotic (cephalosporin C). Despite the high complexity of the samples, the repeatability of the CZE-MS quantitation results was excellent, with relative standard deviations close to 1%. The global reproducibility of the method including biological handling was better than 20%.


Assuntos
Bacillus subtilis/metabolismo , Citoplasma/química , Eletroforese Capilar/métodos , Peptídeos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray/métodos , Bacillus subtilis/efeitos dos fármacos , Cefalosporinas/farmacologia , Peptidoglicano/metabolismo
10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 171: 44-58, 2021 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373634

RESUMO

Fatty acids-assisted superparamagnetic maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) NPs was biologically synthesized using extract of polyherbal drug Liv52 (L52E). The NPs were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, FT-IR, SEM, TEM, EDX, XRD and VSM. The major biological molecules present in L52E analysed by GC-MS were saturated fatty acids (palmitic acid 21.95%; stearic acid 13.99%; myristic acid 1.14%), monounsaturated fatty acid (oleic acid 18.43%), polyunsaturated fatty acid (linoleic acid 20.45%), and aromatic phenol (cardanol monoene 11.92%) that could imply in bio-fabrication and stabilization of γ-Fe2O3 NPs. The FT-IR spectra revealed involvement of carboxylic group of fatty acids, amide group of proteins and hydroxyl group of phenolic compounds that acts as reducing and capping agents. The synthesized NPs were used to investigate their antimicrobial, antibiofilm activity against P. aeruginosa, MRSA and C. albicans and anticancer activity on colon cancer cells (HCT-116) for biomedical applications. Further, molecular docking study was performed to explore the interaction of Fe2O3 NPs with major cell wall components i.e., peptidoglycan and mannoproteins. The docking studies revealed that Fe2O3 interacted efficiently with peptidoglycan and mannoproteins and Fe2O3 get accommodated into catalytic cleft of mannoprotein. Due to magnetic property, the biological activity of γ-Fe2O3 can be further enhanced by applying external magnetic field alone or in amalgamation with other therapeutics drugs.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/farmacologia , Peptidoglicano/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida albicans/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Ácido Linoleico/química , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/química , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ácido Mirístico/química , Ácido Oleico/química , Ácido Palmítico/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fenóis/química , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ácidos Esteáricos/química
11.
J Med Chem ; 63(24): 15308-15332, 2020 12 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33307693

RESUMO

Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the deadliest infectious diseases and begs the scientific community to up the ante for research and exploration of completely novel therapeutic avenues. Chemical biology-inspired design of tunable chemical tools has aided in clinical diagnosis, facilitated discovery of therapeutics, and begun to enable investigation of virulence mechanisms at the host-pathogen interface of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This Perspective highlights chemical tools specific to mycobacterial proteins and the cell lipid envelope that have furnished rapid and selective diagnostic strategies and provided unprecedented insights into the function of the mycobacterial proteome and lipidome. We discuss chemical tools that have enabled elucidating otherwise intractable biological processes by leveraging the unique lipid and metabolite repertoire of mycobacterial species. Some of these probes represent exciting starting points with the potential to illuminate poorly understood aspects of mycobacterial pathogenesis, particularly the host membrane-pathogen interactions.


Assuntos
Mycobacterium tuberculosis/metabolismo , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Oxirredutases do Álcool/química , Oxirredutases do Álcool/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Humanos , Lipídeos/química , Sondas Moleculares/química , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/efeitos dos fármacos , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/patogenicidade , Peptidoglicano/química , Sulfatases/química , Sulfatases/metabolismo , Trealose/química , Tuberculose/microbiologia , Virulência/genética
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5503-5511, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910752

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-positive, strictly aerobic, non-spore-forming actinobacterial strains, designated YC2-7T and YC5-17, were isolated from the Yongcheondonggul (larva cave) in Jeju, Republic of Korea and their taxonomic ranks were examined by a polyphasic approach. The 16S rRNA gene tree showed that the novel isolates occupied an independent position separated from recognized genera of the family Nocardiaceae. In the 92 core gene-based phylogenomic analysis, strain YC2-7T was loosely associated with the type strain of Aldersonia kummingensis with 66.2 % average amino acid identity. The 16S rRNA gene sequence simairity between the isolate and members of the family Nocardiaceae was below 96.7 %. The cell-wall peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid as a diagnostic diamino acid. Whole-cell sugars consisted of arabinose, galactose and glucose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8(H4, ω-cycl). The major polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside. The cellular fatty acids consisted mainly of saturated and unsaturated components with small amounts of tuberculostearic acid. Mycolic acids of 52-58 carbon atoms were present. The DNA G+C content of the genome was 63.8 mol%. On the basis of combination of morphological and chemotaxonomic differences, in addition to phylogenetic distinctness, the novel isolates are considered to constitute members of a novel species of a new genus in the family Nocardiaceae, for which the name Antrihabitans stalactiti gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YC2-7T (=KACC 19965T=DSM 108733T).


Assuntos
Cavernas/microbiologia , Nocardiaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ácidos Micólicos/química , Nocardiaceae/isolamento & purificação , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5576-5585, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941125

RESUMO

Two novel Gram-stain-positive bacteria, designated as SCSIO 52909T and SCSIO 52915T, were isolated from a deep-sea sediment sample collected at about 3448 m water depth of the South China Sea. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic characteristics were investigated. These strains were aerobic and tested positive for catalase activity, oxidase activity and nitrate reduction. Optimal growth occurred at 28 °C, pH 7 and 3% salinity over 14 days cultivation. Its peptidoglycan structure was type A3α (l-Lys-l-Ala) and the only menaquinone was MK-8. Both strains possessed diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified phosphoglycolipid, an unidentified glycolipid and an unidentified phospholipid. Their major fatty acids differed, but both contained iso-branched components of C16 : 0 12-methyl. Genome sequencing revealed two large genomes of 4.58 Mbp with G+C content of 67.0 mol% in SCSIO 52909T and of 4.42 Mbp with G+C content of 69.1 % in SCSIO 52915T. The two novel strains encoded genes for metabolism that are absent in most other Rubrobacter species, and possessed many more gene copy numbers of alkaline phosphatase and thioredoxin reductase. Results of gANI and 16S rRNA gene analyses suggested that the two strains represent two new species, with 74.9, 95.0 % pairwise similarity between each other, and less than 74.3 and 93.5 % to other recognized Rubrobacter species, respectively. In the phylogenetic analysis, strains SCSIO 52909T and SCSIO 52915T were separately clustered together and formed a well-separated phylogenetic branch distinct from the other known species in the genus Rubrobacter. Based on the data presented here, these two strains should be recognized as two new species in the genus Rubrobacter, for which the names Rubrobacter tropicus sp. nov., with the type strain SCSIO 52909T (=KCTC 49412T=CGMCC 1.13853T), and Rubrobacter marinus sp. nov., with the type strain SCSIO 52915T (=KCTC 49411T=CGMCC 1.13852T), are proposed.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Oceano Pacífico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5445-5452, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886595

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative, non-mycelium-forming, motile, rod-shaped with one polar flagellum actinobacterium, designated E918T, was isolated from a desert soil collected in Cholistan desert, Pakistan. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain E918T belonged to the genus Arthrobacter and was most closely related to Arthrobacter deserti CGMCC 1.15091T (97.2 % similarity). The peptidoglycan was of the A3α type and the whole-cell sugar profile was found to contain galactose. The major menaquinone was MK-9(H2). The polar lipid profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol and two unidentified glycolipids. The major fatty acids identified were anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 68.69 mol%. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between strain E918T and A. deserti CGMCC 1.15091T were 28.0 and 83.4%, respectively. On the basis of its phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic features, strain E918T was considered to represent a novel species of the genus Arthrobacter, for which the name Arthrobacter mobilis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Arthrobacter mobilis is E918T (=JCM 33392T=CGMCC 1.16978T).


Assuntos
Arthrobacter/classificação , Clima Desértico , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Arthrobacter/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Paquistão , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5439-5444, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886601

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, coccobacillus-shaped, strictly aerobic bacterium, designated strain H23T48T, was isolated from the faecal sample of an oriental stork collected from the Seoul Grand Park Zoo in Seoul, Republic of Korea. Optimal growth of strain H23T48T was observed at 30-37 °C, pH 8 and with 3 % (w/v) NaCl. 16S rRNA gene sequence-based phylogenetic analysis revealed that strain H23T48T was closely related to the genus Flaviflexus, with 97.0 and 96.7 % sequence similarities to Flaviflexus salsibiostraticola EBR4-1-2T and Flaviflexus huanghaiensis H5T, respectively. Strain H23T48T possessed MK-9(H4) as the major menaquinone and C16 : 0 (42.4 %), C18 : 1 ω9c (31.3 %) and C14 : 0 (17.7 %) as the major cellular fatty acids. The polar lipids included phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified lipids, six unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified glycophospholipids. The amino acid composition of the cell-wall peptidoglycan was l-alanine, l-lysine, d-glutamic acid, l-aspartic acid and glycine. The genomic G+C content of strain H23T48T is 59.5 mol% and the average nucleotide identity value between H23T48T and F. salsibiostraticola KCT C33148T (=EBR4-1-2T) is 75.5 %. Based on the obtained data, strain H23T48T represents a novel species of the genus Flaviflexus, for which the name Flaviflexus ciconiae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is H23T48T (=KCTC 49253T=JCM 33282T).


Assuntos
Actinomycetaceae/classificação , Aves/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinomycetaceae/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Animais de Zoológico/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5432-5438, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897850

RESUMO

A novel actinomycete strain, CT2-14T, belonging to the genus Nocardia, was isolated from a soil sample collected from Phichit Province, Thailand. The taxonomic position of the strain was characterized using a polyphasic approach. The strain grew at 15-40 °C (optimum, 28-37 °C), pH 6-11 (optimum, pH 6-8) and on an International Streptomyces Project 2 with 4 % (w/v) NaCl agar plate. Meso-diaminopimelic acid was detected in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. Ribose, arabinose and galactose were detected in its whole-cell hydrolysates. Mycolic acids were present. The strain contained C16 : 0, summed feature 3, C17 : 0 10-methyl and C18 : 1 ω9c as the major fatty acids and MK-8(H4ω-cycl) as the major menaquinone. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol mannosides. Strain CT2-14T showed the highest 16S rRNA gene similarity to Nocardia veterana JCM 11307T (98.4 %), Nocardia africana JCM 11438T (98.2 %) and Nocardia kruczakiae JCM 13032T (98.0 %). The draft genome of strain CT2-14T was 7.37 Mb with 6685 coding sequences with an average G+C content of 67.9 mol %. Based on the phylogenomic tree analysis, the strain was closely related to Nocardia niigatensis NBRC 100131T. On the basis of polyphasic and genome analyses, strain CT2-14T represented a novel species of the genus Nocardia for which the name Nocardia aurantiaca sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CT2-14T (=JCM 33775T=TISTR 2838T).


Assuntos
Nocardia/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Nocardia/isolamento & purificação , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tailândia , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5567-5575, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924916

RESUMO

A polyphasic study was carried out to establish the taxonomic position of an acidophilic isolate designated MMS16-CNU292T (=JCM 32302T) from pine grove soil, and provisionally assigned to the genus Kitasatospora. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, the strain formed a novel evolutionary lineage within Kitasatospora and showed highest similarities to Kitasatospora azatica KCTC 9699T (98.75 %), Kitasatospora kifunensis IFO 15206T (98.74 %), Kitasatospora purpeofusca NRRL B-1817T (98.61 %) and Kitasatospora nipponensis HKI 0315T (98.42 %), respectively. Strain MMS16-CNU292T possessed MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8) as the major menaquinones, and a major amount of meso-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. The whole-cell hydrolysates were rich in galactose, glucose and mannose, and the polar lipids mainly consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol mannosides. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 1-A, anteiso-C15 : 0, and iso-C15 : 0, and the DNA G+C content was 71.5 mol%. The strain exhibited antibacterial activity against a number of bacterial strains, and the activity was generally greater when grown in acidic conditions. The phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic properties enabled distinction of MMS16-CNU292T from related species, and thus the isolate should be recognized as a new species of the genus Kitasatospora, for which the name Kitasatospora acidiphila sp. nov. (type strain=MMS16-CNU292T=KCTC 49011T=JCM 32302T) is proposed.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Pinus/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Streptomycetaceae/classificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Florestas , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Streptomycetaceae/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5271-5279, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833615

RESUMO

A psychrotolerant actinobacterium, designated strain J5903T, was isolated from an alkaline soil sample from the rhizosphere of Suaeda salsa collected in desertification land surrounding Jiuliancheng Nur in Hebei Province, PR China. Cells of the isolate were Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-motile and non-spore-forming cocci. Strain J5903T grew optimally at 20‒25 °C, at pH 7.0‒7.5 and with <1 % (w/v) NaCl. The cell-wall peptidoglycan type was B2γ with d-2,4-diaminobutyric acid and l-2,4-diaminobutyric acid as diagnostic amino acids. The muramyl residue was acetyl type. The menaquinones were MK-11, MK-12, MK-10 and MK-13. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and one unidentified glycolipid. The major whole-cell fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The genomic DNA G+C content was 69.1 mol%. It shared the highest average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values with Planctomonas deserti 13S1-3T. Phylogenies based on genome sequence showed that strain J5903T and P. deserti 13S1-3T formed a robust cluster with high bootstrap support. Strain J5903T shared typical chemotaxonomic characteristics with P. deserti 13S1-3T. Combining the polyphasic taxonomic evidence, strain J5903T represents a novel species of the genus Planctomonas, for which the name Planctomonas psychrotolerans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is J5903T (=DSM 101894T=CGMCC 1.15523T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Chenopodiaceae/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 5106-5114, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804604

RESUMO

A novel actinobacterial strain, designated 15TR583T, was isolated from a waterlogged acidic soil collected near the town of Trebon, Czech Republic, and was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic characterization. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene and whole-genome sequences revealed that the organism forms an individual line of descent related to the order Streptosporangiales, class Actinomycetia. The strain shared highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, yet of only 92.8%, with Actinocorallia aurea IFO 14752T. The strain grew in white colonies of aerobic, Gram-stain-positive, unbranching substrate mycelium bearing single spores at hyphae tips. The major fatty acids (>10%) were iso-C16 : 0, C16 : 0, iso-C17 : 1ω9 and 10-methyl-C17 : 0. The fatty acid pattern differed from all patterns currently described for actinobacterial genera. The organism contained as major menaquinones MK9(H6) and MK9(H8), which differentiated it from other actinobacterial families. Polar lipids were composed of six unidentified glycolipids, an unidentified phosphoglycolipid, two unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified aminolipids. Whole-cell sugars contained galactose, xylose and arabinose as major components. The peptidoglycan type was A1γ meso-diaminopimelic acid. The genomic DNA G+C content was 69.7 mol%. The distinct phylogenetic position and unusual combination of chemotaxonomic characteristics justify the proposal of Trebonia gen. nov., with the type species Trebonia kvetii sp. nov. (type strain 15TR583T=CCM 8942T=DSM 109105T), within Treboniaceae fam. nov.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Parede Celular/química , República Tcheca , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5211-5216, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816657

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, endospore-forming, motile and rod-shaped bacterium, designated as strain DSL-17T, was isolated from a tidal sediment of the East China Sea and characterized phylogenetically and phenotypically. The strain could grow at 16-47 °C (optimum 37 °C), at pH 6.0-10.0 (optimum 6.0) and with 1-7% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 3 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain DSL-17T was related to members of the genus Metabacillus and shared the highest similarity with Metabacillus litoralis SW-211T (98.6 %), followed by Metabacillus halosaccharovorans E33T (97.9 %), Metabacillus crassostreae JSM 100118T (97.7 %), Metabacillus niabensis 4T19T (97.7 %) and Metabacillus malikii NCCP-662T (97.5 %). 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities between strain DSL-17T and other members of the genus Metabacillus were below 96.6 %. The sole respiratory quinone was MK-7. Strain DSL-17T had a cell-wall peptidoglycan based on meso-diaminopimelic acid. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), three unidentified glycolipids and six unidentified lipids. The strain had iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C14 : 0, C16 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0 as major fatty acids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 35.7 mol%. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data indicated that strain DSL-17T represents a novel species of the genus Metabacillus, for which the name Metabacillus sediminilitoris sp. nov. is proposed The type strain is DSL-17T (=MCCC 1K03777T=DSM 109843T).


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...