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1.
Inquiry ; 59: 469580211055621, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35393869

RESUMO

By September 20, 2021, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been pandemic in 237 countries and regions, resulting in 228,506,698 confirmed cases and 4,692,361 deaths. At the same time, a total of 1123 cases of COVID-19 had been confirmed in Beijing, China. Peking University Shougang Hospital has 4 community hospitals with 174 staff members, covering 230,000 residents in Shijingshan district, Beijing. The community hospitals were the basic units of China's healthcare system for public health services, as the main battlefield for screening and controlling of COVID-19. We reported our experience about the prevention of SARS-CoV-2. We suggest that community hospitals should change their process for admitting patients. While the screening of suspected cases of COVID-19 is vital, patients with suspected infections should be isolated immediately.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pequim/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Hospitais Comunitários , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Int J Hyg Environ Health ; 242: 113973, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35447399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ambient particles have been associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), however, no study has evaluated the effects of traffic-related ambient particles on the risks of GDM subgroups classified by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) values. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted among 24,001 pregnant women who underwent regular prenatal care and received OGTT at Haidian Maternal and Child Health Hospital in Beijing, China, 2014-2017. A total of 3,168 (13.2%) pregnant women were diagnosed with GDM, including 1,206 with isolated fasting hyperglycaemia (GDM-IFH). At a fixed-location monitoring station, routinely monitored ambient particles included fine particulate matter (PM2.5), black carbon (BC) and particles in size ranges of 5-560 nm (PNC5-560). Contributions of PNC5-560 sources were apportioned by positive matrix factorization model. Logistic regression model was applied to estimate odds ratio (OR) of ambient particles on GDM risk. RESULTS: Among the 24,001 pregnancy women recruited in this study, 3,168 (13.2%) were diagnosed with GDM, including 1,206 with isolated fasting hyperglycaemia (GDM-IFH) and 1,295 with isolated post-load hyperglycaemia (GDM-IPH). We observed increased GDM-IFH risk with per interquartile range increase in first-trimester exposures to PM2.5 (OR = 1.94; 95% Confidence Intervals: 1.23-3.07), BC (OR = 2.14; 1.73-2.66) and PNC5-560 (OR = 2.46; 1.90-3.19). PNC5-560 originated from diesel and gasoline vehicle emissions were found in associations with increases in GDM-IFH risk, but not in GDM-IPH risk. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that exposure to traffic-related ambient particles may increase GDM risk by exerting adverse effects on fasting glucose levels during pregnancy, and support continuing efforts to reduce traffic emissions for protecting vulnerable population who are at greater risk of glucose metabolism disorder.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Diabetes Gestacional , Hiperglicemia , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Pequim/epidemiologia , Glicemia/análise , Criança , Diabetes Gestacional/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Jejum , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/epidemiologia , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 338, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35382757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To analyse clinical characteristics, antibiotic susceptibility, and risk factors for mortality in paediatric invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in Beijing. METHODS: Paediatric IPD patients in our hospital were retrospectively collected from 2012 to 2017. Clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, antimicrobial susceptibility and serotype of isolates, and risk factors for mortality of IPD were analysed. RESULTS: Overall, 186 IPD cases were enrolled. The major manifestations were meningitis (76), pneumonia with bacteraemia (60), bacteraemia without focus (21), and pneumonia with empyaema (22). Of 72 cases with underlying diseases, leukaemia (18.0%), congenital heart disease (15.3%), primary immunodeficiency disease (12.5%), nephrotic syndrome (12.5%), and cerebrospinal fluid leakage (12.5%) were most common. In total 96.9% of isolates would have been covered by the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13), including 19F (32.8%), 19A (23.4%), 4 (17.2%), and 23F (9.4%). Nonsusceptibility rates of penicillin, cefotaxime, and cefepime among nonmeningitis patients increased between 2012 and 2017; The mortality rate was 21.5%. Meningitis, respiratory failure, multiple organ failure, and white blood cell count < 4000 cells/µL were independent risk factors for mortality. CONCLUSION: Meningitis was the most common clinical manifestation of IPD, and was frequently associated with death. Strains in the PCV13 vaccine would cover most of the cases, and so wider use of PCV13 should be considered.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Infecções Pneumocócicas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Pequim/epidemiologia , Criança , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Humanos , Lactente , Infecções Pneumocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Pneumocócicas/epidemiologia , Vacinas Pneumocócicas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sorogrupo , Sorotipagem , Streptococcus pneumoniae
4.
Respir Res ; 23(1): 81, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35382829

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A small number of studies suggested that air pollution was associated with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) exacerbation, incidence and mortality. However, no studies to date were conducted in regions where air pollution is substantial. We aimed to investigate whether there are associations between acute increases in air pollution and hospitalization of patients with a confirmed primary diagnosis of IPF in Beijing. METHODS: Daily count of IPF hospitalizations (International Classification of Disease-10th Revision, J84.1) was obtained from an administrative database for 2013-2017 while daily city-wide average concentrations of PM10, PM2.5, NO2, Ozone, SO2 were obtained from 35 municipal monitoring stations for the same period. The association between daily IPF hospitalization and average concentration of each pollutant was analyzed with a generalized additive model estimating Poisson distribution. RESULTS: Daily 24-h mean PM2.5 concentration during 2013-2017 was 76.7 µg/m3. The relative risk (RR) of IPF hospitalization per interquartile range (IQR) higher (72 µg/m3) in PM2.5 was 1.049 (95% CI 1.024-1.074) and 1.031 (95% CI 1.007-1.056) for lag0 and moving averages 0-1 days respectively. No significant associations were observed for other lags. Statistically significant positive associations were also observed at lag0 with SO2, Ozone and NO2 (in men only). Positive associations were seen at moving averages 0-30 days for PM10 (RR per 86 µg/m3: 1.021, 95% CI 0.994-1.049), NO2 (RR per 30 µg/m3: 1.029, 95% CI 0.999-1.060), and SO2 (RR per 15 µg/m3: 1.060 (95% CI 1.025-1.097), but not with PM2.5 or Ozone. CONCLUSIONS: Despite improvement in air quality since the implementation of clean air policy in 2013, acute exposure to higher levels of air pollution is significantly associated with IPF hospitalization in Beijing. Air quality policy should be continuously enforced to protect vulnerable IPF populations as well as the general public.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Pequim/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Hospitalização , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/epidemiologia , Masculino , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise
5.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 723, 2022 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35410318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The alcohol consumption pattern, alcoholic liver disease (ALD) prevalence and related risk factors among alcohol drinkers in Beijing haven't been fully elucidated. Hence, a cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate potential link among these factors. METHODS: A two-stage stratified cluster sampling was carried out in Beijing. All participants were 25 years of age or older, possessed with medical insurance, and lived in Beijing for over 6 months. As part for this investigation, participants were asked to answer a questionnaire and undergo physical examination. The questionnaire included demographic information, alcohol intake, and medical history. The physical examination included physical and Fibrotouch tests. Moreover, 10 ml blood sample was collected from each subject to examine liver functions, perform routine blood, Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV). RESULTS: Overall, 74,988 residents participated in our study. The proportion of current drinkers among all participants was 46.10%. The differences in gender, region, age group, education, annual household income, and occupation among lifetime abstainers, former drinkers, non-weekly and weekly drinkers were significantly different (P<0.05). The ethanol intake between men and women, people living in urban and rural regions were significantly different (P<0.05). Strong spirits were commonly consumed by men, whereas, beers were commonly consumed by women. Drinking strong spirits generally lead to liver steatosis. In addition, ALD prevalence was 1.30% in participants over 25 years old. The differences in ALD prevalence between men and women, and among different age groups, were significant (P<0.05). Based on our analysis, ALD risk factors in Beijing included: gender (male), age (older than 35 years), high waist circumference, high blood pressure, high BMI, high blood sugar level, and being heavy drinkers. CONCLUSION: Compared with other cities or regions in China, the level of alcohol consumption in Beijing is at an upper middle level. But the ALD prevalence is low likely because ethanol intake is relatively low. Our analysis revealed that heavy drinking is a major risk factor for ALD development. Hence, if alcohol consumption is unavoidable, we caution against heavy drinking.


Assuntos
Hepatopatias Alcoólicas , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Pequim/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Etanol , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Masculino
6.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(2): 249-254, 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435187

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence of ischemic stroke after the onset of type 2 diabetes, and further analyze the risk factors, so as to provide a basis for further research. METHODS: The data were obtained from the database of the Beijing Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance Database. The study used a prospective design to describe the incidence of ischemic stroke in patients with type 2 diabetes. In our study, these patients were followed up for seven years. Multivariate Logistic regression models were used to analyze the risk factors of ischemic stroke in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESULTS: A total of 185 813 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients were enrolled, with an average age of (58.5±13.2) years, and 49.0% of them were males. A total of 10 393 patients with newly diagnosed ischemic stroke occurred in 7 years, with a cumulative incidence of 5.6% and an incidence density of 8.1/1 000 person-years. Ischemic stroke occurred in all age groups in patients with type 2 diabetes. The cumulative incidence was 1.5% (95%CI: 1.3%-1.6%) in group ≤44 years old, 3.6% (95%CI: 3.4%-3.7%) in group 45-54 years old, 5.4% (95%CI: 5.2%-5.5%) in group 55-64 years old, and 9.2% (95%CI: 9.0%-9.4%) in group ≥65 years old, and the cumulative incidence increased with age (P < 0.05). Cumulative incidence rate of the males (6.8%, 95%CI: 6.7%-7.0%) was higher than the females (4.4%, 95%CI: 4.3%-4.6%). Among the patients < 80 years old, the cumulative incidence rate of the males was higher than that of the females in all the age groups. In the patients ≥80 years of age, the cumulative incidence was higher in the females (9.2%) than in the males (7.9%). Further analysis revealed that complications, such as coronary heart disease (OR=3.18, 95%CI: 2.72-3.72), heart failure (OR=1.53, 95%CI: 1.32-1.79) and kidney failure (OR=1.45, 95%CI: 1.20-1.75) were associated with ischemic stroke in the patients with type 2 diabetes. CONCLUSION: The incidence level of ischemic stroke in patients with type 2 diabetes is high. It is necessary to strengthen the management of risk factors in elderly patients, screen the complications of type 2 diabetes as early as possible, and take active preventive and control measures.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pequim/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
7.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e059893, 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35450912

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess overall and gender-specific associations between marital status and out-of-hospital coronary death (OHCD) compared with patients surviving to hospital admission. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study based on linkage of administrative health databases. SETTING: Beijing, China. PARTICIPANTS: From 2007 to 2019, 378 883 patients with acute coronary event were identified in the Beijing Monitoring System for Cardiovascular Diseases, a validated city-wide registration system based on individual linkage of vital registration and hospital discharge data. OUTCOME MEASURES: OHCD was defined as coronary death occurring before admission. Multilevel modified Poisson regression models were used to calculate the prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% CIs. RESULTS: Among 378 883 acute coronary events, OHCD accounted for 33.8%, with a higher proportion in women compared with men (41.5% vs 28.7%, p<0.001). Not being married was associated with a higher proportion of OHCD in both genders, with a stronger association in women (PR 2.18, 95% CI 2.10 to 2.26) than in men (PR 1.97, 95% CI 1.91 to 2.02; p for interaction <0.001). The associations of OHCD with never being married (PR 1.98, 95% CI 1.88 to 2.08) and being divorced (PR 2.54, 95% CI 2.42 to 2.67) were stronger in men than in women (never married: PR 0.98, 95% CI 0.82 to 1.16; divorced: PR 1.47, 95% CI 1.34 to 1.61) (p for interaction <0.001 for both). Being widowed was associated with a higher proportion of OHCD in both genders, with a stronger association in women (PR 2.26, 95% CI 2.17 to 2.35) compared with men (PR 1.89, 95% CI 1.84 to 1.95) (p for interaction <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Not being married was independently associated with a higher proportion of OHCD and the associations differed by gender. Our study may aid the development of gender-specific public health interventions in high-risk populations characterised by marital status to reduce OHCD burden.


Assuntos
Morte , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação , Pequim/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Civil
8.
HIV Med ; 23 Suppl 1: 72-83, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35293102

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the impact of low-level viremia (LLV) on virological failure and immune reconstitution among people living with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) treated with different antiretroviral regimens in Beijing, China. METHODS: Human immunodeficiency virus type 1-positive adults who were registered at an infectious disease hospital in Beijing between January 1, 2005 and January 1, 2020 were administered antiretroviral therapy (ART) and whose viral load and CD4 counts were monitored were included in this retrospective cohort study. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors associated with LLV in patients on different ART regimens. Cox proportional hazard model was employed to analyze the virological suppression and immune reconstitution cumulative probability in patients with LLV during follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 10 124 HIV-1-infected participants was included. LLV occurred in 723 (8.2%), 204 (10.9%), 133 (8.6%), and 53 (14.4%) patients on first-line ART, second-line ART, third-line ART, and simplified regimens, respectively. Virological failure occurred in 514 (5.8%), 289 (15.5%), 86 (5.5%), and 34 (9.2%) patients on first-line ART, second-line ART, third-line ART, and simplified regimens, respectively. Earlier enrollment, lower baseline CD4 count, and higher baseline viral load were risk factors associated with LLV. LLV was related to increased hazards of virological failure compared to viral suppression of ≤50 copies/ml for those on first-line ART. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of virological failure and poor immune reconstitution increases when LLV occurs. Targeted viral load and CD4 count monitoring are recommended for people living with HIV-1 with LLV to improve health-related outcomes.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV , Infecções por HIV , HIV-1 , Adulto , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade , Pequim/epidemiologia , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carga Viral , Viremia/tratamento farmacológico
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 828: 154528, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35292318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over the years, various epidemiological studies found that acute myocardial infarction (AMI) often shows seasonal rhythm patterning, which is usually influenced by the variations of environmental factors, such as air pollution, ambient temperature, solar activity, relative humidity. However, there are few studies on the impact of sunlight-induced AMI especially in developing countries, and they had inconsistent results. This study aimed to examine within-summer variations in the temporal association between sun exposure and AMI. METHODS: We obtained hospitalization data for AMI of Beijing during 2013-2019. We used a distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) combined with a quasi-Poisson regression model to estimate the non-linear lag effects of sunshine duration on AMI incidences. We evaluated the overall effect of AMI admissions with exposure to sunshine duration in the lag 0-21 days. RESULTS: A total of 45,301 AMI cases were enrolled in our study during summer (June-September). The minimum of the morbidity was during days with a sunshine duration of 3.9 h. We found significant and U-shaped associations between sunshine duration and AMI, and the overall estimated relative risk was 1.29 (95% CI: 1.02,1.62) and 1.69 (95% CI: 1.28,2.24) for short (1st percentile) and long (99th percentile) sunshine duration, respectively. The males and younger people (<65 years) were most susceptible to these effects. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that both short and long sunshine duration could increase the risk of AMI admissions, especially for males and younger people. We suggest that public health policymakers should fully consider the balance of the pros and cons of solar exposure, and provide appropriate public health recommendations accordingly to gain the greatest benefits from sunlight.


Assuntos
Hospitalização , Infarto do Miocárdio , Pequim/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Estações do Ano
10.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(3): 366-372, 2022 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35345292

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the characteristics and current situation of high risks related to cardiovascular disease among residents aged 35-75 in Beijing and to provide scientific reference for the formulation and improvement of cardiovascular disease prevention and control strategies and measures. Methods: According to the data of the Cardiovascular Disease Screening and Management Program in Beijing, 93 520 participants aged 35-75 in 8 districts of Beijing were selected for analysis. We used the χ2 test to compare the high-risk prevalence of cardiovascular disease in different population characteristics. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between population characteristics and the high risks of cardiovascular disease. Results: The prevalence of high-risk cardiovascular disease was 20.82% (19 471/93 520). The prevalence of high-risk population in the 65-75 years-old was significantly higher than those of other age groups [29.05% (5 151/17 733), χ2=3 359.37, P<0.001], and the prevalence increased with age (trend χ2=3 121.75, P<0.05). The prevalence of high risk in males was significantly higher than that of women (31.19%, 10 752/34 476 vs. 14.77%, 8 719/59 044, χ2=3 559.87, P<0.05). The most common clustered risk factors appeared as hypertension and diabetes (29.80%, 5 802/19 471), hypertension with smoking (37.84%, 4 069/10 752) in males, and hypertension with diabetes mellitus in females (49.32%, 4 300/8 719), in urban areas (33.62%, 2 571/7 647) and in suburbs (27.33%, 3 231/11 824). Lower education [high school (OR=1.56,95%CI:1.46-1.66), middle school (OR=1.99,95%CI:1.88-2.12), primary school and below (OR=2.28,95%CI:2.12-2.45)], non-Han ethnicity (OR=1.19, 95%CI: 1.07-1.33), unmarried (OR=1.16, 95%CI: 1.08-1.24), drinking alcohol (OR=3.06, 95%CI: 2.94-3.19), obesity (OR=1.85, 95%CI: 1.77-1.93), overweight (OR=1.41, 95%CI: 1.36-1.47), etc., were positively correlated with the high risk of cardiovascular disease. Conclusions: We noticed that the prevalence of high-risk groups of cardiovascular disease aged 35-75 years was around 20% in Beijing, and the proportion in males was higher than females. Low education, drinking, overweight, and obesity were positively correlated with the risks of cardiovascular disease.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , Adulto , Idoso , Pequim/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso , Fatores de Risco
11.
Environ Health Prev Med ; 27(0): 13, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35314583

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have shown that meteorological factors such as temperature are related to the incidence of bacillary dysentery (BD), researches about the non-linear and interaction effect among meteorological variables remain limited. The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of temperature and other meteorological variables on BD in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, which is a high-risk area for BD distribution. METHODS: Our study was based on the daily-scale data of BD cases and meteorological variables from 2014 to 2019, using generalized additive model (GAM) to explore the relationship between meteorological variables and BD cases and distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) to analyze the lag and cumulative effects. The interaction effects and stratified analysis were developed by the GAM. RESULTS: A total of 147,001 cases were reported from 2014 to 2019. The relationship between temperature and BD was approximately liner above 0 °C, but the turning point of total temperature effect was 10 °C. Results of DLNM indicated that the effect of high temperature was significant on lag 5d and lag 6d, and the lag effect showed that each 5 °C rise caused a 3% [Relative risk (RR) = 1.03, 95% Confidence interval (CI): 1.02-1.05] increase in BD cases. The cumulative BD cases delayed by 7 days increased by 31% for each 5 °C rise in temperature above 10 °C (RR = 1.31, 95% CI: 1.30-1.33). The interaction effects and stratified analysis manifested that the incidence of BD was highest in hot and humid climates. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that temperature can significantly affect the incidence of BD, and its effect can be enhanced by humidity and precipitation, which means that the hot and humid environment positively increases the incidence of BD.


Assuntos
Disenteria Bacilar , Pequim/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Disenteria Bacilar/epidemiologia , Humanos , Umidade , Temperatura
12.
BMJ Open ; 12(3): e049840, 2022 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35296470

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To date, there is no standard diagnostic practice to identify the underlying disease-causing mechanism for paediatric patients suffering from chronic fever without any specific diagnosis, which is one of the leading causes of death in paediatric patients. Therefore, we aimed this retrospective study to analyse medical records of paediatric patients with fever of unknown origin (FUO) to provide a preliminary basis for improving the diagnostic categories and facilitate the treatment outcomes. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: Beijing Children's Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Clinical data were collected from 1288 children between 1 month and 18 years of age diagnosed with FUO at Beijing Children's Hospital between January 2010 and December 2017. INTERVENTIONS: According to the aetiological composition, age, duration of fever and laboratory examination results, the diagnostic strategies were analysed and formulated. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The statistical analyses were carried out using SPSS V.24.0 platform along with the χ2 test and analysis of variance (p<0.05). RESULTS: The duration of fever ranged from 2 weeks to 2 years, with an average of 6 weeks. There were 656 cases (50.9%) of infectious diseases, 63 cases (4.9%) of non-infectious inflammatory diseases (NIIDs), 86 cases (6.7%) of neoplastic diseases, 343 cases (26.6%) caused by miscellaneous diseases and 140 cases (10.9%) were undiagnosed. With increasing age, the proportion of FUO from infectious diseases gradually decreased from 73.53% to 44.21%. NIID was more common in children over 3 years old, and neoplastic diseases mainly occurred from 1 to 6 years of age. Among miscellaneous diseases, the age distribution was mainly in school-aged children over 6 years. Respiratory tract infection was the most common cause of FUO in children, followed by bloodstream infections. Bacterial infection was the most common cause in children with less than 1 year old, while the virus was the main pathogen in children over 1 year old. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis of neoplastic diseases and miscellaneous diseases-related diseases still depends mainly on invasive examination. According to our clinical experience, the diagnostic process was formulated based on fever duration and the type of disease. This process can provide a guide for the diagnosis and treatment of paediatric FUO in the future.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis , Febre de Causa Desconhecida , Pequim/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Febre de Causa Desconhecida/diagnóstico , Febre de Causa Desconhecida/epidemiologia , Febre de Causa Desconhecida/etiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
BMJ Open ; 12(2): e054151, 2022 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35177451

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Studies on the association between breast cancer and occupational hazards are limited, especially in China. This is the first study to explore the relationship between breast cancer and occupational hazards in Beijing, China. DESIGN: A hospital-based case-control study. SETTING: Eight local hospitals in Beijing, China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 973 female participants, comprising 495 cases and 478 controls, were recruited in our study. We identified patients who underwent diagnosis for breast cancer at one of the eight local hospitals in Beijing between 1 January 2015 and 31 December 2019; controls were individuals randomly matched from the same hospital where the cases were confirmed. MAIN OUTCOME AND MEASURE: Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression was used to estimate the occupational risk factors associated with breast cancer, including night shift work history and work posture. RESULTS: In the case group, the breast cancer type was mainly invasive, which accounted for 85.66% of all the breast cancer patients. Five risk factors were included in the final LASSO model, including body mass index (BMI), marital status, menopause, night shift work history and work posture. Furthermore, these risk factors were considered for multivariate logistic regression, and the analyses suggested that the risk of breast cancer was significantly associated with higher BMI (≥28.0 kg/m2, OR: 2.85, 95% CI: 1.29 to 6.30); married status: married (OR: 2.67, 95% CI: 1.28 to 5.56) or divorced (OR: 4.51, 95% CI: 1.84 to 11.07); menopause (OR: 6.89, 95% CI: 5.07 to 9.36); night shift work (OR: 1.53, 95% CI: 1.11 to 2.11); and maximum standing or walking, and minimal sitting (OR: 1.80, 95% CI: 1.19 to 2.73). CONCLUSION: Breast cancer is associated with occupational risk factors. Night shift work, especially in a standing posture, can increase the incidence of breast cancer in women in Beijing, China.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Pequim/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Tolerância ao Trabalho Programado
14.
J Med Virol ; 94(5): 2237-2249, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35112366

RESUMO

As the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is still ongoing and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants are circulating worldwide, an increasing number of breakthrough infections are being detected despite the good efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines. Data on 88 COVID-19 breakthrough cases (breakthrough infections group) and 41 unvaccinated cases (unvaccinated group) from June 1 to August 22, 2021, were extracted from a cloud database established at Beijing Ditan Hospital to evaluate the clinical, immunological, and genomic characteristics of COVID-19 breakthrough infections. Among these 129 COVID-19 cases, 33 whole genomes were successfully sequenced, of which 23 were Delta variants, including 15 from the breakthrough infections group. Asymptomatic and mild cases predominated in both groups, but two patients developed severe disease in the unvaccinated group. The median time of viral shedding in the breakthrough infections group was significantly lower than that in the unvaccinated group (p = 0.003). In the breakthrough infections group, the IgG titers showed a significantly increasing trend (p = 0.007), and the CD4 + T lymphocyte count was significantly elevated (p = 0.018). For people infected with the Delta variant in the two groups, no significant difference was observed in either the quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction results or viral shedding time. In conclusion, among vaccinated patients, the cases of COVID-19 vaccine breakthrough infections were mainly asymptomatic and mild, IgG titers were significantly increased and rose rapidly, and the viral shedding time was shorter.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pequim/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Genômica , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/genética
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35162149

RESUMO

Taking Beijing as a case, this paper conducted a survey to collect the characteristics of residents' daily activities, including the mode of frequency and duration of travel, the type and environment of activities, and the duration and frequency of activities. We calculated the COVID-19 exposure risk of residents in different activities based on the exposure risk formula; the influencing factors of residents' exposure risk were analyzed by regression analysis. The variance of residents' COVID-19 exposure risk was calculated by coefficient of variation. The main conclusions are as follows: (1) There are differences in activity types of COVID-19 exposure risk, which are survival activity, daily activity and leisure activity from high to low. (2) There are differences in populations of COVID-19 exposure risk. Education level, occupation and income are the main factors affecting residents' COVID-19 exposure risk. (3) There is internal inequity in the risk of COVID-19 exposure. The exposure risk was higher on work days than on rest days. Health inequities at work are highest on both work days and rest days. Among the different population characteristics, male, 31-40 years old, married, with a high school education, income level of 20,001-25,000 yuan, with a non-local rural hukou, rental housing, farmers, three generations or more living together have a greater degree of COVID-19 exposure risk.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adulto , Pequim/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e934282, 2022 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35124688

RESUMO

BACKGROUND This study compared the effects of peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis on cognitive dysfunction and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients and analyzed other potential influencing factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 265 patients who received dialysis at our hospital were included and divided into the hemodialysis group (n=115) and the peritoneal dialysis group (n=150). The cognitive performance was assessed by the Beijing version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment. The Kidney Disease Quality of 36-Item Short Form Survey and a kidney disease-related quality of life assessment were used for evaluating HRQOL. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were used to explore the effects of dialysis on cognitive dysfunction and HRQOL. RESULTS As compared with the hemodialysis group, the peritoneal dialysis group had lower scores on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (ß=-8.35, 95% CI: -9.85 to -6.86), 36-Item Short Form Survey (ß=-10.20, 95% CI: -11.94 to -8.45), and kidney disease-related quality of life assessment (ß=-8.67, 95% CI: -10.10 to -7.23). After adjustment for sex, age, BMI, marital status, educational level, income level, presence of diabetes, duration of kidney disease, duration of dialysis, and dialysis frequency, the results were consistent with that of the crude model. CONCLUSIONS In the present study, patients receiving peritoneal dialysis had worse cognitive dysfunction and worse HRQOL compared to patients receiving hemodialysis, which might lead to poorer outcomes of ESRD patients. The related factors affecting cognitive dysfunction and HRQOL were also explored, which could help clinicians to determine the optimal treatment for ESRD patients.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Diálise Peritoneal/métodos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Diálise Renal/métodos , Pequim/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diálise Peritoneal/psicologia , Diálise Renal/psicologia
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35206282

RESUMO

The prevalence of metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is rarely reported in Beijing. The goal of this study was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of MAFLD among Beijing adults aged ≥25 years old. A cross-sectional, community-based survey with multistage stratified cluster sampling was used. Demographic, transient elastography (TE), biochemical and blood examination information was collected in all the subjects in this study. The prevalence of MAFLD was 32.40% (23,832/73,566). Risk factors independently associated with MAFLD included male gender (OR = 1.47, 95%CI, 1.43-1.52), urban residence (OR = 1.06, 95% CI, 1.02-1.10), older age (30-39 years: OR = 1.29; 40-49 years: OR = 1.43; 50-59 years: OR = 1.09; ≥60 years: OR = 1.52) and lower education (middle school: OR = 2.03; high school: OR = 1.89; undergraduate: OR = 1.69). MAFLD was more common in females than in males after 50 years of age. Lean/normal weight MAFLD patients account for approximately 3.04% (724/23,832) of MAFLD. Compared to non-MAFLD subjects, the lean/normal MAFLD patients had a higher prevalence of hypertension and diabetes, and had a higher degree of hepatic steatosis and liver function enzymology parameters (all p < 0.001). MAFLD was highly prevalent among the general population aged ≥25 years old in Beijing. MAFLD was closely associated with male gender, older age, lower education and urban residence. Even lean/normal-weight people were under risk of MAFLD.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Adulto , Pequim/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(2): 227-233, 2022 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35184489

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the current status of taking nutrient supplements for residents aged 18 to 79 years old in Beijing and its related factors. Methods: Data were gathered from the 2017 Beijing Non-communicable and Chronic Disease Surveillance Program. Multiple classified cluster sampling method was used, and participants aged 18-79 were sampled from 16 districts. The questionnaire included chronic diseases and related risk factors, health knowledge, and oral nutritional supplements within 12 months. Multivariate logistic regression models were established to analyze associated factors that affect the intake of nutrient supplements. Results: The weighted prevalence of supplements use was 13.1% among 12 696 subjects within the past 12 months. The proportions of multivitamins (4.7%), B vitamins (4.5%), and folic acid (3.2%) were higher. The prevalence of supplement use of young people (18-39 years old) and the elderly (60-79 years old) was higher than middle-aged people (40-59 years old) (χ2=54.09, P<0.001). Except for the age group of 70-79 years old, the consumption rate of women was significantly higher than that of men (P<0.05). After adjusting age and sex, among patients with hypertension, diabetes, or dyslipidemia, the control rates of blood pressure, glucose and lipids of patients who take nutrient supplements were higher than those who do not (P<0.05). And participants who took nutrient supplements had a more heightened awareness rate of health knowledge, such as the hazards of smoking and second-hand smoke, and recommended amount of salt per day (P<0.001). The multi-factor logistic analysis found that nutrient supplement-related factors include women, old age, higher education level, living in urban, insufficient physical activity, sleeping problems, active physical examination, blood pressure control among patients, and health knowledge (P<0.05). Conclusions: The factors of nutrient supplements use were related to sex, age, education level, health status, and health literacy. We should pay attention to key populations and guide them to establish the correct concept of taking nutrient supplements.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais , Complexo Vitamínico B , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Pequim/epidemiologia , Feminino , Ácido Fólico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e933848, 2022 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35194010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND This retrospective study from 2 centers in Beijing, China aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of endoscopic radiofrequency therapy under direct vision in 59 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) using the gastroesophageal reflux disease questionnaire (GerdQ). MATERIAL AND METHODS Fifty-nine GERD patients who underwent endoscopic radiofrequency treatment were included. Patients were divided into 2 groups: the endoscopic radiofrequency therapy under direct vision group and the non-direct vision radiofrequency therapy group. Indicators such as GerdQ score, lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure, DeMeester score, acid exposure time, and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) use were collected before and after radiofrequency treatment. Postoperative complications were also recorded. The efficacy and safety of endoscopic radiofrequency therapy under direct vision were evaluated by comparing the indicators of patients in the 2 groups. RESULTS At 3 months after radiofrequency treatment, patients in the endoscopic radiofrequency therapy under direct vision group improved significantly in GerdQ score, decreased from 11.0 (10.0, 12.0) to 6.0 (6.0, 8.0), better than patients in the non-direct vision radiofrequency therapy group, and the better improvements remained at 12 months after the procedure (P<0.05). At 6 months after treatment, patients in the endoscopic radiofrequency therapy under direct vision group had significant improvements in LES pressure, which increased from 8.15 (3.18, 12.88) mmHg to 15.20 (10.25, 27.03) mmHg (P<0.05). There were no severe complications in our trial. CONCLUSIONS When compared with non-visualized endoscopic radiofrequency therapy, treatment under direct vision was safer and improved the GerdQ score and LES pressure at up to 12 months.


Assuntos
Refluxo Gastroesofágico/terapia , Terapia por Radiofrequência/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pequim/epidemiologia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/diagnóstico , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Respir Res ; 23(1): 38, 2022 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35189885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies on the associations between ambient temperature and asthma hospitalizations are limited, and the results are controversial. We aimed to assess the short-term effects of ambient temperature on the risk of asthma hospitalizations and quantify the hospitalization burdens of asthma attributable to non-optimal temperature in adults in Beijing, China. METHODS: We collected daily asthma hospitalizations, meteorological factors and air quality data in Beijing from 2012 to 2015. We applied a time-stratified case-crossover design and fitted a distributed lag non-linear model with a conditional quasi-Poisson regression to explore the association between ambient temperature and adult asthma hospitalizations. The effect modifications of these associations by gender and age were assessed by stratified analyses. We also computed the attributable fractions and numbers with 95% empirical confidence intervals (eCI) of asthma hospitalizations due to extreme and moderate temperatures. RESULTS: From 2012 to 2015, we identified a total of 18,500 hospitalizations for asthma among adult residents in Beijing, China. Compared with the optimal temperature (22 °C), the cumulative relative risk (CRR) over lag 0-30 days was 2.32 with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of 1.57-3.42 for extreme cold corresponding to the 2.5th percentile (- 6.5 °C) of temperature distribution and 2.04 (95% CI 1.52-2.74) for extreme heat corresponding to the 97.5th percentile (29 °C) of temperature distribution. 29.1% (95% eCI 17.5-38.0%) of adult asthma hospitalizations was attributable to non-optimum temperatures. Moderate cold temperatures yielded most of the burdens, with an attributable fraction of 20.3% (95% eCI 9.1-28.7%). The temperature-related risks of asthma hospitalizations were more prominent in females and younger people (19-64 years old). CONCLUSIONS: There was a U-shaped association between ambient temperature and the risk of adult asthma hospitalizations in Beijing, China. Females and younger patients were more vulnerable to the effects of non-optimum temperatures. Most of the burden was attributable to moderate cold. Our findings may uncover the potential impact of climate changes on asthma exacerbations.


Assuntos
Asma/terapia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Temperatura , Adulto , Asma/epidemiologia , Pequim/epidemiologia , Estudos Cross-Over , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
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