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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e250003, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339392

RESUMO

Abstract This study estimated the length-weight relationships of 16 fish species occurring close to the shores of sandy beaches along the lower Negro River basin, Brazilian Amazon. The specimens were captured for one day each month, in October to November 2016, early in the morning and early evening, using trawl net (20 m taken for standard length (SL - 0.1 cm precision) and total weight (TW - 0.01 g precision). The parameters a and b of the equation WT = a.LTb were estimated. The a values ranged from 0.0018 to 0.0226 and b values ranged from 2.5271 to 3.3244. This study also provides new data on of maximum lengths for six species, Amazonsprattus scintilla, Brycon pesu, Moenkhausia megalops, Pachyurus paucirastrus, Reganella depressa and Trachydoras microstomus, and new reports of the LWRs parameters of 15 fish species.


Resumo Este estudo estimou as relações comprimento-peso de 16 espécies de peixes que ocorrem às margens de praias arenosas ao longo da bacia do baixo Rio Negro, Amazônia brasileira. As espécies foram capturadas durante um dia de cada mês, de outubro a novembro de 2016, no início da manhã e no início da noite, usando rede de cerco (20 m de comprimento e 3,5 m de altura, 5 malha mm entre nós opostos). As medidas foram feitas para comprimento padrão (SL - precisão de 0,1 cm) e peso total (TW - precisão de 0,01 g). Os parâmetros a e b da equação WT = a.LTb foram estimados. Os valores de a variaram de 0,0018 a 0,0226 e os valores de b variaram de 2,5271 a 3,3244. Este estudo também fornece novos dados sobre comprimentos máximos para seis espécies, Amazonsprattus scintilla, Brycon pesu, Moenkhausia megalops, Pachyurus paucirastrus, Reganella depressa e Trachydoras microstomus, e novos reportes dos parâmetros da LWRs de 15 espécies de peixes.


Assuntos
Animais , Perciformes , Caraciformes , Characidae , Brasil , Rios
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246180, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278550

RESUMO

Abstract In fisheries, the phenomenon known as fishing down food webs is supposed to be a consequence of overfishing, which would be reflected in a reduction in the trophic level of landings. In such scenarios, the resilience of carnivorous, top predator species is particularly affected, making these resources the first to be depleted. The Serra Spanish mackerel, Scomberomorus brasiliensis, exemplifies a predator resource historically targeted by artisanal fisheries on the Brazilian coast. The present work analyzes landings in three periods within a 50-year timescale on the Parana coast, Southern Brazil, aiming to evaluate whether historical production has supposedly declined. Simultaneously, the diet was analyzed to confirm carnivorous habits and evaluate the trophic level in this region. Surprisingly, the results show that from the 1970's to 2019 Serra Spanish mackerel production grew relatively to other resources, as well as in individual values. The trophic level was calculated as 4.238, similar to other Scomberomorus species, consisting of a case where landings increase over time, despite the high trophic level and large body size of the resource. The results agree with a recent global assessment that has demystified a necessary correlation between high trophic level and overexploitation, but possible factors acting on the present findings are discussed.


Resumo Na pesca, o fenômeno fishing down food webs, ou 'pescando teias tróficas abaixo', expressa a redução do nível trófico na composição das capturas, e tem origem tradicionalmente atribuída à sobrepesca. Sob intenso extrativismo, a resiliência das espécies carnívoras, predadoras de topo, é particularmente afetada, sendo seus estoques os primeiros a entrarem em depleção. A cavala, ou serra, ou sororoca, Scomberomorus brasiliensis, é exemplo de recurso predador historicamente alvo da pesca artesanal, de pequena escala, na costa brasileira. O presente trabalho analisa os valores de desembarque do recurso em três períodos ao longo de 50 anos na costa paranaense, sul do Brasil, com objetivo de avaliar se sua produção tem efetivamente diminuído. Ainda, estuda-se a dieta da espécie na região, para confirmar seus hábitos carnívoros e avaliar o nível trófico na região. Os resultados mostram que, surpreendentemente, dos anos 1970 para 2019 a produção de S. brasiliensis tem aumentado em valores absolutos, bem como relativamente à de outros recursos, em que pese o nível trófico 4,238, similar a outras espécies do gênero. Constata-se que a pesca da cavala na região de estudo constitui um caso de aumento nos desembarques a despeito de elevado nível trófico e grande tamanho corpóreo. Os resultados concordam com recente levantamento em nível mundial, que nega existir correlação necessária entre sobrepesca e nível trófico alto, mas fatores que podem explicar os resultados do presente trabalho são discutidos.


Assuntos
Animais , Perciformes , Pesqueiros , Brasil , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Cadeia Alimentar
3.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0273670, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070298

RESUMO

Environmental DNA (eDNA) is increasingly used to noninvasively monitor aquatic animals in freshwater and coastal areas. However, the use of eDNA in the open ocean (hereafter referred to OceanDNA) is still limited because of the sparse distribution of eDNA in the open ocean. Small pelagic fish have a large biomass and are widely distributed in the open ocean. We tested the performance of two OceanDNA analysis methods-species-specific qPCR (quantitative polymerase chain reaction) and MiFish metabarcoding using universal primers-to determine the distribution of small pelagic fish in the open ocean. We focused on six small pelagic fish species (Sardinops melanostictus, Engraulis japonicus, Scomber japonicus, Scomber australasicus, Trachurus japonicus, and Cololabis saira) and selected the Kuroshio Extension area as a testbed, because distribution of the selected species is known to be influenced by the strong frontal structure. The results from OceanDNA methods were compared to those of net sampling to test for consistency. Then, we compared the detection performance in each target fish between the using of qPCR and MiFish methods. A positive correlation was evident between the qPCR and MiFish detection results. In the ranking of the species detection rates and spatial distribution estimations, comparable similarity was observed between results derived from the qPCR and MiFish methods. In contrast, the detection rate using the qPCR method was always higher than that of the MiFish method. Amplification bias on non-target DNA and low sample DNA quantity seemed to partially result in a lower detection rate for the MiFish method; the reason is still unclear. Considering the ability of MiFish to detect large numbers of species and the quantitative nature of qPCR, the combined usage of the two methods to monitor quantitative distribution of small pelagic fish species with information of fish community structures was recommended.


Assuntos
DNA Ambiental , Perciformes , Animais , Biodiversidade , DNA/análise , DNA/genética , DNA Ambiental/genética , Peixes/genética , Oceanos e Mares , Perciformes/genética
4.
Environ Monit Assess ; 194(10): 721, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056241

RESUMO

Mercury contamination in aquatic ecosystems is a global concern due to the health risks of consuming contaminated fishes. Fish mercury concentrations are influenced by a range of biotic and abiotic factors that vary among regions, but these complex interactions are difficult to disentangle. We collected bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus), white and black crappie (Pomoxis annularis; P. nigromaculatus), largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), walleye (Sander vitreus), muskellunge (Esox masquinongy), and northern pike (E. lucius) from waterbodies throughout Iowa and analyzed them for mercury concentrations. We used land use, water chemistry, and fish characteristics to explain variation in mercury concentrations among and within systems. Mercury concentrations were generally low and undetectable (< 0.05 mg/kg) in 43% of fish analyzed. Detected mercury concentrations were highest in largemouth bass, muskellunge, northern pike, and walleye, lowest in black and white crappie and bluegill, and positively related to fish length and age. Mean lake depth, pH, watershed area to lake area ratio, and percent of watershed as open water were positively related to fish mercury concentrations whereas lake area and percent of watershed as agriculture, developed, forested, and grassland were negatively related to mercury concentrations. Additionally, mercury concentrations were higher in shallow natural lakes compared to other lake types. Our results indicate fish mercury concentrations are lower in Iowa lakes compared to other regions. Models we developed in this study can be used to identify other waterbodies that may have elevated mercury concentrations that can guide fish mercury monitoring programs.


Assuntos
Bass , Mercúrio , Perciformes , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Peixes , Iowa , Mercúrio/análise , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
5.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0273779, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048785

RESUMO

Sex change occurs as a usual part of the life cycle for many teleost fish and the modifications involved (behavioural, gonadal, morphological) are well studied. However, the mechanism that transduces environmental cues into the molecular cascade that underlies this transformation remains unknown. Cortisol, the main stress hormone in fish, is hypothesised to be a key factor linking environmental stimuli with sex change by initiating gene expression changes that shift steroidogenesis from oestrogens to androgens but this notion remains to be rigorously tested. Therefore, this study aimed to experimentally test the role of cortisol as an initiator of sex change in a protogynous (female-to-male) hermaphrodite, the New Zealand spotty wrasse (Notolabrus celidotus). We also sought to identify potential key regulatory factors within the head kidney that may contribute to the initiation and progression of gonadal sex change. Cortisol pellets were implanted into female spotty wrasses under inhibitory conditions (presence of a male), and outside of the optimal season for natural sex change. Histological analysis of the gonads and sex hormone analyses found no evidence of sex change after 71 days of cortisol treatment. However, expression analyses of sex and stress-associated genes in gonad and head kidney suggested that cortisol administration did have a physiological effect. In the gonad, this included upregulation of amh, a potent masculinising factor, and nr3c1, a glucocorticoid receptor. In the head kidney, hsd11b2, which converts cortisol to inactive cortisone to maintain cortisol balance, was upregulated. Overall, our results suggest cortisol administration outside of the optimal sex change window is unable to initiate gonadal restructuring. However, our expression data imply key sex and stress genes are sensitive to cortisol. This includes genes expressed in both gonad and head kidney that have been previously implicated in early sex change in several sex-changing species.


Assuntos
Hidrocortisona , Perciformes , Androgênios/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Peixes/metabolismo , Gônadas/metabolismo , Hidrocortisona/metabolismo , Masculino , Perciformes/metabolismo , Processos de Determinação Sexual
6.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 152(2): 733, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050166

RESUMO

Studies of the effects of sounds from underwater explosions on fishes have not included examination of potential effects on the ear. Caged Pacific mackerel (Scomber japonicus) located at seven distances (between approximately 35 and 800 m) from a single detonation of 4.5 kg of C4 explosives were exposed. After fish were recovered from the cages, the sensory epithelia of the saccular region of the inner ears were prepared and then examined microscopically. The number of hair cell (HC) ciliary bundles was counted at ten preselected 2500 µm2 regions. HCs were significantly reduced in fish exposed to the explosion as compared to the controls. The extent of these differences varied by saccular region, with damage greater in the rostral and caudal ends and minimal in the central region. The extent of effect also varied in animals at different distances from the explosion, with damage occurring in fish as far away as 400 m. While extrapolation to other species and other conditions (e.g., depth, explosive size, and distance) must be performed with extreme caution, the effects of explosive sounds should be considered when environmental impacts are estimated for marine projects.


Assuntos
Orelha Interna , Perciformes , Animais , Explosões , Peixes , Som
7.
Zootaxa ; 5138(2): 137-151, 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36101031

RESUMO

Luciogobius punctilineatus n. sp. is described on the basis of 21 type specimens from Kyushu, and the Koshiki and Osumi Islands, southern Japan. It is also found in Kochi Prefecture (Shikoku) and Amami-oshima island (Ryukyu Islands), Japan, confirmed by examination of non-type specimens. The genus Luciogobius includes 15 valid and several undescribed species, and most of them inhabit interstitial spaces of stones and gravel in the intertidal zone. The new species is characterized by the following combination of characters: total second dorsal-fin rays 1012 (modally 11); total anal-fin rays 1214 (13); pectoral-fin rays 812 (10); vertebrae 1618 + 2224 = 3942 (17 + 23 = 40); pectoral-fin posterior margin slightly concave; pelvic fins united, forming a ventral disc; snout relatively short, length 3.14.3% of SL; anus to anal-fin origin (AAA) distance twice body depth at anus, 11.416.9% of SL; snout length less than 34.7% of AAA distance; pre-anus length less than 85.5% of pre-anal-fin length; single poorly defined black longitudinal line along mid-lateral body region from behind pectoral fin to caudal-fin base, indistinct anteriorly (line embedded, visible through semi-transparent muscle tissue in fresh or live specimens); black spots forming a single longitudinal row on mid-lateral body surface from behind pectoral fin to caudal-fin base (more distinct in preserved specimens).


Assuntos
Oligoquetos , Perciformes , Animais , Japão , Coluna Vertebral
8.
Zootaxa ; 5134(1): 113-124, 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36101074

RESUMO

A new species, Neodontobutis lani (Odontobutidae) is described from the Zuojiang River, a tributary of the Xijiang River of the Pearl River basin, at Longzhou Town, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Southern China. This species can be distinguished from other Neodontobutis species by following characters: anterior head flat, with interorbital width / eye diameter = 1.41.9 (vs. less than 1.4); several rows (vs. single row) of transforming ctenii on posterior edges of body scales; sensory papilla on lower jaw arranged in two oblong clusters (vs. two single lines). It can be distinguished from Odontobutis species by: separated right and left gill membrane (vs. joined); barbel-like projection present on sensory papillae. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of 2,076 nuclear coding loci indicates that N. lani is a sister species of N. hainanensis, the only Neodontobutis species that has been described from China.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Animais , Núcleo Celular , China , Filogenia , Rios
9.
Zootaxa ; 5133(4): 543-554, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36101084

RESUMO

Glossogobius giuris was originally described as Gobius giuris from the Ganges River, India. However, based on the uncertainty of its type locality and its apparent widespread distribution, a comprehensive study is being carried out to define the correct taxonomic status of this taxon. The South African population of the Glossogobius from St. Lucia Lake, KwaZulu-Natal was described as Glossogobius tenuiformis by Fowler in 1934. It has usually been considered as Glossogobius giuris but Hoese and Hammer indicated that it was a distinct species (2021: 83). Here, based on morphological characters and a molecular data set, we redescribe Glossogobius tenuiformis and assign the Oman populations of Glossogobius to this species. Glossogobius tenuiformis is distinguished from G. giuris by the absence or very short (and often only a few papillae long) sensory papilla line 6; presence of single rows of the sensory papillae in each cheek line, 1216 pre-dorsal scale counts, and 1+1+911, usually 1+1+10, gill rakers on outer face of first arch. Glossogobius tenuiformis is also distinguished by molecular characters. Glossogobius tenuiformis shows 16% genetic distance with other members of this species complex, that includes G. laticeps from Vietnam, Bangladesh and China, G. giuris from South Africa and India and giuris C from India, Myanmar, Nepal, Bangladesh and Vietnam, and the highest genetic distance (24%) with G. circumspectus.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Animais , Peixes/anatomia & histologia , Brânquias , Omã , África do Sul
10.
Zootaxa ; 5144(1): 1-103, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095768

RESUMO

Numerous photographs of live fishes posted by anglers and divers on social media and citizen science databases are important sources of information for ichthyological research. However, validating records that extend the known ecology and bathymetric or geographic distribution of species should rely on a rigorous identification process. The family Gobiidae, with their small size, superficial resemblance among species and high species richness are particularly difficult to identify. Therefore, the identification from photographs of live individuals of Mediterranean marine gobies from the continental shelf was studied. A dichotomous identification key is provided based on photographs of live individuals, allowing positive identification of 41 out of the 66 species reviewed in this publication. Then, for all 66 species we provide a brief description of important characters, which can be used for provisional identification for those species that could not be positively identified using the key. Pending further progress in identification of live individuals, we suggest that records extending the known geographic and ecological species distribution be taken into account only if they could be validated using the dichotomous identification key.


Assuntos
Ciência do Cidadão , Perciformes , Animais , Peixes , Humanos
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077207

RESUMO

Poly (I:C) can work as an immunostimulant and a viral vaccine; however, its functional mechanism in aquatic animals needs to be further investigated. In this study, comparative transcriptomic analyses were performed to investigate the effects of poly (I:C) on Argyrosomus japonicus at 12 h and 48 h postinjection. A total of 194 and 294 differentially expressed genes were obtained in the liver and spleen, respectively. At 12 h, poly (I:C) injection could significantly influence the function of the metabolism-related pathways and immune-related pathways in the liver through the upregulation of the genes GST, LPIN, FOXO1, CYP24A1, ECM1, and SGK1, and the downregulation of the genes IL-1ß, CXC19, TNFAIP3, and IRF1. At 48 h, poly (I:C) could enhance the liver energy metabolism by upregulating the genes TXNRD and ECM1, while it also induced some injury in the cells with the downregulation of the genes HBA and CYP24A1. In the spleen, poly (I:C) could regulate the fish immunity and inflammatory response by upregulating the genes DDIT4, C3, EFNA, and MNK, and by downregulating the genes ABCA1, SORT1, TNF, TLR2, IL8, and MHCII at 12 h, and at 48 h, the poly (I:C) had a similar influence as that in the liver. Intersection analyses demonstrated that CYP24A1 and ECM1 were the main functional genes that contributed to the health of the liver. Ten and four genes participated in maintaining the health of the two tissues after 12 h and 48 h, respectively. In summary, our results provided a new insight into ploy (I:C) application in A. japonicus, and it also helped us to better understand the fish response mechanism to the viral vaccine injection.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Vacinas Virais , Animais , Fígado , Perciformes/genética , Poli I-C/farmacologia , Baço , Transcriptoma , Vitamina D3 24-Hidroxilase/genética
13.
Food Res Int ; 160: 111743, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076425

RESUMO

Large yellow croaker roe phospholipids (LYCPLs) have various functions and high nutritional value, which are expected to be functional foods ingredients. The aim of this study is to investigate the oxidative stability of LYCPLs at different temperatures (100 °C, 140 °C and 180 °C) in terms of peroxide value (POV), thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances value (TBARS), acid value (AV) and fatty acids compositions of phospholipids. The volatile compounds were also identified and analyzed via headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (HS-SPME-GC-MS) and headspace gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (HS-GC-IMS). The results showed that the highest POV was 192.92, 133.70 and 121.25 meq/kg at 100 °C, 140 °C and 180 °C within 10-20 min, respectively, then fell along with the increment of heating time, while the highest TBARS was 6.38, 7.66 and 8.19 mg/kg at 30 min, respectively. The AV was increased, but monounsaturated fatty acid and polyunsaturated fatty acid content were decreased with the increment of temperatures. A total of 94 volatile compounds were identified, and the content of alkanes, aldehydes, and heterocyclic compounds were reasonably increased, while the aromatic compound and amide compound content were decreased when LYCPLs heated at 180 °C. The present research improves the comprehensive understanding of oxidative stability of marine phospholipids.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Fosfolipídeos , Animais , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Estresse Oxidativo , Fosfolipídeos/química , Substâncias Reativas com Ácido Tiobarbitúrico
14.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(10): 626, 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114887

RESUMO

Microplastic is a minute particle of chemical pollutant in marine environment and classified as less than 5 mm size. The microplastics could not degrade for long years and they are ingested, incorporated, and accumulated in tissues of living organisms, particularly can cause various ecotoxicological effects for their behavioural change, cytotoxicity, neuro-toxicity effects, liver stress, etc. This preliminary study was investigated the abundance and accumulation of microplastic in marine fish of Indian mackerel (Rastrelliger kanagurta) gut region. Further, we identified the microplastic through stereomicroscope in Indian mackerel fish size up to 0.02 mm. In FT-IR analysis were identified the chemical group which were represents as nylon. In GC-MS analysis were identified that hexa decanoic acid and methyl ester plastic compounds as well as identify and screened the microplastic degrading bacteria from fish gut through partial 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis it was shows that the isolate reveals a Pseudomonas sp. As a result, it is possible that gut bacteria have a probiotic role in fish gut to may degrade microplastics.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Bactérias , Monitoramento Ambiental , Ésteres/metabolismo , Peixes/metabolismo , Microplásticos , Nylons/metabolismo , Plásticos , Pseudomonas/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
15.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 137: 104522, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049570

RESUMO

As a non-coding RNA with regulatory functions, microRNAs(miRNAs) can regulate gene expression and participate in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. In recent years, although there have been many studies on miRNA, the regulation mechanisms of miRNA in teleost fish have not been fully elucidated. In this study, it was first predicted that MITA is the target of miR-27c through bioinformatics, and it was confirmed by dual fluorescence experiments. Then we found that miR-27c can inhibit the expression of MITA at the mRNA and protein levels, thereby promoting the NF-κB or IRF3 pathway. It is speculated that miR-27c plays an important role in the innate immunity of teleost fish. This study will help to further understand miRNAs regulatory mechanism in teleost fish.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Perciformes , Animais , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética
16.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 129: 207-220, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058436

RESUMO

Salinity is an important environmental factor that affects the yield and quality of large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea) during aquaculture. Here, whole-genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS), RNA-seq, bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP), quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR), and dual luciferase reporter gene detection technologies were used to analyze the DNA methylation characteristics and patterns of the liver genome, the expression and methylation levels of important immune genes in large yellow croaker in response to salinity stress. The results of WGBS showed that the cytosine methylation of CG type was dominant, CpGIsland and repeat regions were important regions where DNA methylation occurred, and the DNA methylation in upstream 2k (2000bp upstream of the promoter) and repeat regions had different changes in the liver tissue of large yellow croaker in the response to the 12‰, 24‰, 36‰ salinity stress of 4 w (weeks). In the combined analysis of WGBS and transcriptome, the complement and coagulation cascade pathways were significantly enriched, in which the complement-related genes C7, C3, C5, C4, C1R, MASP1, and CD59 were mainly changed in response to salinity stress. In the studied area of MASP1 gene promoter, the methylation levels of many CpG sites as well as total cytosine were strongly negatively correlated with mRNA expression level. Methylation function analysis of MASP1 promoter further proved that DNA methylation could inhibit the activity of MASP1 promoter, indicating that salinity may affect the expressions of complement-related genes by DNA methylation of gene promoter region.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Animais , Complemento C7/genética , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/genética , Citosina/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA , Proteínas de Peixes , Fígado/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Estresse Salino , Sulfitos
17.
Zootaxa ; 5174(5): 551-567, 2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095383

RESUMO

Lethrinus nebulosus (Forsskl, 1775) is distributed throughout the Indian Ocean, Indonesia and the West-central Pacific. Given recent evidence suggesting two cryptic species of L. nebulosus in the southwestern Indian Ocean, we implemented a multispecies coalescent approach using nuclear and mitochondrial DNA loci and conducted Bayesian tests of species delimitation. One population extends from southern Mozambique to Kenya, and the other from northern KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) southwards, with a zone of overlap between them. This study confirms that the South African population can be identified as a separate species, previously identified as Lethrinus scoparius Gilchrist Thompson, 1908, and can be distinguished from L. nebulosus by live and fresh colouration and with genetic data, but not consistently by morphometric or meristic parameters, other than in preorbital length cf. head length. Lethrinus scoparius is resurrected and redescribed herein.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Peixes/genética , Perciformes/genética , África do Sul
19.
Zootaxa ; 5155(4): 493-516, 2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095571

RESUMO

The tropical Indo-west Pacific gobiid fish genus Aulopareia Bleeker is reviewed, with all recognised species redescribed herein, apart from one uncertain species. Additionally, a new species from Kuwait is described (A. vadosa n. sp.). Of the 10 nominal species names usually assigned to this genus, only three appear to be valid Aulopareia (A. koumansi, A. ocellata and A. unicolor). From descriptions and illustrations, Acentrogobius microps Chu and Wu appears to be an Aulopareia but no material was available for study. The species that has been variously named as Acentrogobius cyanomos, Aulopareia cyanomos or Aulopareia spilopterus is redescribed. The status of two other species that may be related is also discussed: Gobius cyanoclavis Cantor and Gobius phaiomelas Bleeker. Aulopareia has been noted as being related to Parachaeturichthys.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Animais , Peixes , Kuweit
20.
Zootaxa ; 5154(5): 501-527, 2022 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095605

RESUMO

The Riffle Sculpin (Cottus gulosus) is a small, bottom-dwelling fish regarded as widespread in the cool-water streams that flow into Californias Central Valley and into streams of the central California coast. Using population genomics, supported by other genetic, distributional, and meristic studies, we demonstrate that C. gulosus consists of three cryptic species with four subspecies (five lineages), all but one entirely endemic to California: Cottus pitensis, Pit Sculpin Bailey and Bond 1963 Cottus gulosus, Inland Riffle Sculpin (Girard 1854) g. gulosus: San Joaquin Riffle Sculpin (Girard 1854), nominate subspecies g. wintu: Sacramento Riffle Sculpin, Moyle and Campbell 2022, new subspecies Cottus ohlone, Coastal Riffle Sculpin Moyle and Campbell 2022, new species o. ohlone, Ohlone Riffle Sculpin Moyle and Campbell 2022, nominate subspecies o. pomo, Pomo Riffle Sculpin Moyle and Campbell 2022, new subspecies. The three species are endemic to California watersheds although the range of C. pitensis extends into southeastern Oregon. All are confined to cool headwater streams or to rivers with cold water releases below dams. Their populations are increasingly isolated from one another because of anthropogenic changes to Californias river systems and some are threatened with extinction. Providing taxonomic recognition of the distinct forms will improve conservation efforts on their behalf. This study also demonstrates how genomics can be used to resolve situations where signals from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA are in conflict.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Animais , Peixes/genética , Água Doce , Perciformes/genética , Rios , Água
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