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1.
Parasitol Res ; 119(11): 3617-3625, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833049

RESUMO

Two myxosporean species of the genus Sphaeromyxa were isolated from the gallbladders of marine fish in the South China Sea. Sphaeromyxa scorpaena n. sp. was collected from Scorpaenodes albaiensis Evermann and Seale, 1907. The mature myxospores were arcuate-shaped with tapered to pointed ends, and a length of 14.1 ± 0.7 (13.8-15.1) µm and a width of 5.2 ± 0.3 (4.9-5.8) µm. The polar capsules (PCs) were pyriform with a length of 3.2 ± 0.2 (3.1-3.5) µm and a width of 1.6 ± 0.1 (1.4-1.8) µm, and containing ribbon-like polar filaments irregularly folded 1.5-2.5 turns. Molecular characteristics and phylogenetic analysis based on 18S rDNA as well as morphological comparison confirmed that S. scorpaena n. sp. was a previously undescribed species. Sphaeromyxa theraponi, isolated from Terapon jarbua Forsskål, 1775, was reported for the first time from the South China Sea. The mature myxospores were slightly arched, tapering to bluntly rounded ends, with a length of 17.3 ± 0.9 (15.5-19.4) µm and a width of 4.8 ± 0.3 (4.1-5.3) µm. A sporoplasm was situated in the space between PCs in the myxospore. The PCs were pyriform, which contained ribbon-like polar filaments irregularly folded by 2-3 turns, with a length of 7.0 ± 0.5 (5.8-8.1) µm and a width of 2.6 ± 0.2 (2.2-3.0) µm. Our morphological and phylogenetic analyses suggest that the pointed ends of S. scorpaena n. sp. might be a secondarily acquired characteristic rather than an ancestral trait.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Peixes/parasitologia , Myxozoa/isolamento & purificação , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Animais , China , DNA Ribossômico , Vesícula Biliar/parasitologia , Myxozoa/classificação , Percas , Perciformes/parasitologia , Filogenia
2.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 333: 108829, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32836093

RESUMO

Globalization opens new market areas and affects food consumption habits, resulting in rapid and remarkable cultural change. Food habits such as consumption of raw fish meat have become popular, resulting in increased risk of emerging infectious diseases. Anisakis simplex sensu stricto (s.s) and A. pegreffii are the most common and important fish-borne zoonotic nematodes responsible for human anisakiasis, which occurs through the consumption of raw or undercooked fish as well as cooked fish due to their heat-stable allergens. Here, we investigated the prevalence, intensity, and abundance of Anisakis larvae in imported fish and ready-to-eat local fish products in Turkey. A total of 205 ready-to-eat fish products, 100 imported frozen Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fillets, and 100 imported frozen whole Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus) were sampled from supermarkets, sushi restaurants, and fish markets. All samples were individually examined using a pepsin digestion technique. In total, 602 Anisakis type I larvae were recovered from 98/100 mackerel. No larvae were found in ready-to-eat products or frozen Atlantic salmon fillets. Overall, 8.8% of the larvae were found in the muscle tissue. The overall mean intensity and abundance of infection in mackerel were 6.14 and 6.02, respectively. The larvae were molecularly identified and their phylogenetic relationships with the relevant Anisakis sequences in GenBank were investigated. For this purpose, a subsample of randomly selected 100 Anisakis larvae were analyzed with PCR-RFLP of the ITS region. The larvae were identified as A. simplex (s.s.) (n = 87) and hybrids (n = 13). ITS and cox2 gene regions of all hybrids and randomly selected 50 A. simplex (s.s.) larvae were sequenced for species confirmation and phylogenetic analyses. No intraspecific nucleotide variation was found among the ITS sequences of either species. Seven and three haplotypes, respectively, were identified for A. simplex (s.s.) and hybrid species according to DNA polymorphism of the cox2 gene. Hybrids in our study clustered within the common A. simplex (s.s.) clade in the cox2 phylogenetic tree indicating the dominance of A. simplex (s.s) in the catching area of Atlantic mackerel. Consequently, our study indicates high occurrence of A. simplex (s.s.) larvae with an overall 98.0% prevalence in imported Atlantic mackerel, and highlights the importance of these fish as potential reservoirs for human allergic anisakiasis in Turkey and possibly in other countries.


Assuntos
Anisaquíase/epidemiologia , Anisaquíase/veterinária , Anisakis/isolamento & purificação , Larva/genética , Perciformes/parasitologia , Salmo salar/parasitologia , Animais , Anisakis/embriologia , Anisakis/genética , Doenças dos Peixes/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/parasitologia , Humanos , Carne/parasitologia , Músculos/parasitologia , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Alimentos Crus/parasitologia , Alimentos Marinhos/parasitologia , Turquia/epidemiologia
3.
Syst Parasitol ; 97(5): 501-516, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794086

RESUMO

Two species of microcotylid monogeneans, Microcotyle caudata Goto, 1894 and Microcotyle sebastisci Yamaguti, 1958, have been reported from fishes of the Sebastes inermis species complex and Sebastiscus marmoratus (Cuvier) (Scorpaeniformes: Sebastidae). So far, these parasite species have been distinguished by the size of the eggs and the number of testes, but based on morphological evidence including re-examination of the type-specimens and topotypes and molecular analysis, we consider M. sebastisci to be a junior synonym of M. caudata. As a result, M. caudata exhibits a wide host range, seven species from three genera and two families. A new species, Microcotyle kasago n. sp., is described based on material from S. marmoratus and differentiated from other congeners by means of morphological and molecular analysis.


Assuntos
Brânquias/parasitologia , Perciformes/parasitologia , Trematódeos/classificação , Animais , DNA de Helmintos/genética , Japão , Especificidade da Espécie , Trematódeos/anatomia & histologia , Trematódeos/genética
4.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 29(3): e001620, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638834

RESUMO

More than 1.450 marine fish species are commercialized as ornamental fish and approximately 90% of these are wild-caught. Rainford's butterflyfish, Chaetodon rainfordi (McCulloch, 1923), is endemic to the western Pacific. This fish species belongs to one of the main ornamental fish families imported into Brazil. Haliotrema is a genus of the family Dactylogyridae. Species of this genus have very interesting host associations and geographic distributions. The aim of this study was to report on occurrences of exotic Haliotrema aurigae in diseased Rainford butterflyfish that were imported to Brazil. One Rainford's butterflyfish with suspected parasitic disease was euthanized and subjected to skin and gill scraping. The parasite specimens were mounted on semi-permanent slides with Hoyer's solution for morphological analysis of sclerotized structures. The hard-sclerotized structures of these specimens were compared and were identified as those of Haliotrema aurigae (Yamaguti, 1968). These results emphasize the importance of implementation of correct control measures at the country's borders, to avoid the introduction of exotic parasites. In addition, it can be emphasized that the easy adaptation of this parasite to new environments is a concern for ornamental fish farmers.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes , Perciformes , Trematódeos , Animais , Ásia , Brasil , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Espécies Introduzidas , Oceano Pacífico , Perciformes/parasitologia , Trematódeos/anatomia & histologia , Trematódeos/fisiologia
5.
Parasitol Res ; 119(10): 3243-3254, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32710171

RESUMO

The composition and diversity of parasite communities are useful tools to characterise ecosystem health and integrity. Environmental disturbances may affect parasite infection in fish directly, by their effects on the free-living stages, or indirectly, on the intermediate hosts. Slimy sculpins, Cottus cognatus, a small fish inhabiting cold waters of North America, have been considered as sentinels due to their limited mobility, often occupying relatively small areas throughout their lives and thus reflecting the local environment. Ninety-six specimens of C. cognatus were sampled from four tributaries of the Athabasca River to assess patterns of helminth parasite community structure in this fish and to study the composition and diversity of its parasite communities in relation to water quality. The localities included single samples from High Hills, Horse and Dunkirk rivers, and two from the Steepbank River. Twelve metazoan parasite species were found, most of them being larval forms. Significant differences occurred in the structure and composition of parasite assemblages of sculpins from the tributaries, although similarities were observed in connected and nearby sites. Parasite communities were influenced mainly by a combination of local environmental conditions, distance and connectivity, and were separated based on the distribution and abundance of autogenic and allogenic parasites. Water quality appeared to influence the distribution of trematode species that use gastropods as intermediate hosts, while proximity and connectivity of sites led to sharing allogenic parasite species in slimy sculpin.


Assuntos
Perciformes/parasitologia , Trematódeos/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Trematódeos/epidemiologia , Infecções por Trematódeos/veterinária , Animais , Drenagem , Ecossistema , Peixes , Cavalos , América do Norte/epidemiologia , Rios/parasitologia , Qualidade da Água
6.
Parasitol Res ; 119(9): 2799-2811, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32677004

RESUMO

The third-stage larvae (L3) of the Anisakidae family are parasitic nematodes with zoonotic impact and are frequently encountered in the organs and musculature of various fish intended for human consumption. Since Anisakis simplex (s.s.) and A. pegreffii are the major aetiological agents of human disease, this study aims to combine the morphological and molecular data on the recovered anisakid larvae to contribute to a simplified morphological distinction of those species and conducted a survey of anisakid larvae infection in horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus). Here, 116 horse mackerel caught in Portuguese waters were analysed for the presence of L3 of anisakids, and 3148 larvae were collected, of which only 30% were retrieved during visual inspection. As such, visual inspection does not appear to be very effective in anisakid detection. A prevalence of 84.5% of infected fish was found, and the mean intensity and mean abundance were 32.1 and 27.1 parasites per fish, respectively. The morphological and molecular analyses of 196 L3 randomly chosen from the total sample of parasites demonstrated the presence of L3 of mostly Anisakis spp., with only one L3 of Hysterothylacium aduncum. Relative frequencies of 62.9% for A. pegreffii and 37.1% for A. simplex (s.s.) were obtained. The morphometry differences between these two sibling species were evaluated, and the results demonstrated significant differences between the length of the ventriculus and the length of the oesophagus. Precisely, A. simplex (s.s.) has a longer oesophagus and ventriculus than A. pegreffii. As such, these differences may be used to distinguish the two species through morphological analysis.


Assuntos
Anisaquíase/veterinária , Anisakis/isolamento & purificação , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Perciformes/parasitologia , Animais , Anisaquíase/parasitologia , Anisakis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Peixes/parasitologia , Humanos , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Carne/parasitologia , Portugal , Prevalência
7.
Parasitol Res ; 119(7): 2139-2147, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476061

RESUMO

Coccidian parasites of fish have received considerably less attention than their terrestrial counterparts, and within piscine hosts, most studies have focused on freshwater fish. The present study aimed to describe oocyst morphology, phylogenetic affinities, and the impacts of coccidian parasites infecting the internal organs of a commercially valuable marine fish, the blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou), captured off the Portuguese coast. As part of the phylogenetic analysis, sequences from coccidians infecting the pout (Trisopterus luscus) and the Atlantic chub mackerel (Scomber colias) were included, and the oocyst morphology of the coccidians infecting the former was also reported. Results showed that the prevalence of coccidiosis in the blue whiting was very high (> 82%), occurring in all analyzed organs, despite being more abundant in the liver. A significant negative correlation was found between the abundance of the parasites in the liver and host condition index (p < 0.05), which indicates a negative effect on the fitness of this host. Phylogenetic analyses of the parasites found in all three species examined identified three different species of Goussia, closely related to Goussia clupearum. Adding to previous research, we propose the existence of a fourth group of Goussia, the clupearum type, able to infect multiple organs and phylogenetic related with G. clupearum.


Assuntos
Coccidiose/veterinária , Eimeriidae/classificação , Eimeriidae/patogenicidade , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Gadiformes/parasitologia , Animais , Coccidiose/parasitologia , Eimeriidae/citologia , Eimeriidae/genética , Fígado/parasitologia , Oocistos/classificação , Oocistos/citologia , Oocistos/genética , Perciformes/parasitologia , Filogenia , Portugal , Alimentos Marinhos/parasitologia
8.
Ann Parasitol ; 66(2): 217-225, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32592543

RESUMO

Plagioscion squamosissimus, commonly known as "white hake" or "corvina", is among the most commercially important fish in the Amazon and host to a great diversity of endoparasites. The aim of the present study was to compare the communities and infracommunities of metazoan parasites that infect P. squamosissimus in two rivers from the eastern Brazilian Amazon. A total of 75 specimens of P. squamosissimus were collected from Lago Grande do Curuái and the mouth of the Tapajós River. Morphological analysis revealed the presence of 16 parasite species, three myxozoans (Myxobolus sp., Ceratomyxa sp., Henneguya sp.), two trematodes (Austrodiplostomum compactum, Digenea gen. sp. (metacercariae), two monogeneans (Diplectanum sp., Euryhaliotrema sp.), three nematodes (Procamallanus (S.) sp., Anisakis sp., Pseudoproleptus sp. (larva), two acanthocephalans (Rhadinorhynchus plagioscionis and Neoechinorhynchus sp.), one Cestoda Ptychobothriidae gen. sp. and three crustaceans (Therodamas sp., Ergasilus sp., Dolops sp.). Six new records of parasites of P. squamosissimus were made, of which three were myxozoan species, one nematode species and two crustacean species. There were differences in the component communities of parasites of both rivers studied and these were discussed.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Parasitos , Perciformes , Animais , Brasil , Parasitos/classificação , Parasitos/fisiologia , Perciformes/parasitologia , Rios , Especificidade da Espécie
9.
Parasitol Res ; 119(8): 2463-2471, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32529296

RESUMO

Members of the genus Sphaeromyxa Thélohan, 1892 have been reported from a wide variety of fish species worldwide. In the present study, specimens of rusty blenny, Parablennius sanguinolentus, collected from Sinop on the Turkish Black Sea coast were investigated for myxosporean parasites by using both conventional and molecular methods. Sphaeromyxa sevastopoli Naidenova 1970 was the only myxosporean parasite found in the gall bladder of host fishes. The morphology peculiarities of obtained S. sevastopoli spores are in good agreement with those of original description and the morphometric data overlapped in spore length and width but differed in polar capsule length and width; however, they were within the ranges previously reported from 18 host fish species. Moreover, in the present study, molecular analysis of the 18S rDNA gene of S. sevastopoli isolate in our P. sanguinolentus as well as isolates from shore rockling Gaidropsarus mediterraneus and knout goby Mesogobius batrachocephalus which were previously morphologically identified and reported by Okkay and Özer (Acta Zool Bulg 72(1):123-130, 2020) was done for the first time and our three S. sevastopoli genotypes were allocated to the "balbianii" group which is characterized by straight or slightly curved and fusiform or ovoid spores with ovoid polar capsules.


Assuntos
Cnidários/anatomia & histologia , Cnidários/genética , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Perciformes/parasitologia , Animais , Mar Negro , Cnidários/classificação , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Vesícula Biliar/parasitologia , Especificidade da Espécie , Turquia
10.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 1051-1055, May-June, 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1129750

RESUMO

Neobenedenia melleni (MacCallum, 1927) (Monogenea) é um patógeno amplamente distribuído em cultivo de teleósteos marinhos no mundo. Com o crescimento da piscicultura marinha no Brasil, faz-se necessário um maior cuidado em relação à identificação e ao tratamento das principais patologias nesse tipo de cultivo. Este estudo relata a primeira ocorrência de Neobenedenia melleni em dentão (Lutjanus jocu) no oeste do Atlântico Sul. Também são sugeridos procedimentos adotados para eliminação desse parasito em peixes cultivados em laboratório.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Platelmintos , Perciformes/parasitologia , Ectoparasitoses/veterinária , Oceano Atlântico , Brasil
11.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 325: 108642, 2020 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32361053

RESUMO

The consumption of raw fish parasitized with larval ascaridoid nematodes of the family Anisakidae can cause anisakiasis, provoking gastrointestinal and/or allergic symptomatology. The main causative agents in the Anisakis genus are the sibling species Anisakis simplex sensu stricto (s.s.) and A. pegreffii of the A. simplex sensu lato (s.l.) complex. Larvae of A. simplex (s.l.) are frequently detected in fish commonly consumed in Spain, as are larvae of the genus Hysterothylacium of the family Raphidascarididae, associated with allergic reactions but not considered pathogenic. Reported here are the results of an epidemiological survey of ascaridoid larvae in three commonly consumed fish species in Spain, horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) (n = 52), blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou) (n = 93) and anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) (n = 69), caught in the North-Eastern Atlantic, West Mediterranean and Adriatic Sea. The larvae found in the dissected fish were identified in the following order of abundance: A. simplex (s.l.) (n = 2003), Hysterothylacium aduncum (n = 422), H. fabri (n = 180) and A. physeteris (n = 15). Binomial regression analysis showed a correlation between A. simplex (s.l.) and Hysterothylacium larvae abundance and the host geographical location, the North-Eastern Atlantic being the area with the highest parasitation. Fish length and weight and Fulton's condition factor were correlated with A. simplex (s.l.) abundance only in horse mackerel. There was a significant presence of A. simplex (s.l.) and H. aduncum larvae in the musculature of North-Eastern Atlantic blue whiting, the most parasitized part being the anteroventral region, followed equally by the anterodorsal and central sections. The ITS rDNA of larvae of the sibling species A. simplex (s.s.) and A. pegreffii was identified by PCR-RFLP, and a binary logistic regression model was developed to study their morphometric differentiation. Anisakis simplex (s.s.) was detected in the North-Eastern Atlantic and A. pegreffii in all the areas studied. The morphometric analysis discriminated between the two species at the third and fourth larval stages (L3 and L4), the latter obtained by in vitro culture in RPMI-1640 medium. Two discriminant functions were obtained for the L3 and L4 larvae, the ventricle being a key parameter for specific differentiation in both stages, providing taxonomical criteria that could be used besides molecular identification. The present study reveals differences in the parasitation of the studied fish, including the distribution of larvae in the musculature, related to the host species and its geographical origin.


Assuntos
Anisakis/isolamento & purificação , Ascaridoidea/isolamento & purificação , Gadiformes/parasitologia , Perciformes/parasitologia , Alimentos Marinhos/parasitologia , Animais , Anisaquíase/veterinária , Anisakis/classificação , Anisakis/genética , Ascaridoidea/classificação , Ascaridoidea/genética , DNA Ribossômico , Análise Discriminante , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Peixes , Larva/genética , Epidemiologia Molecular , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Alimentos Crus/parasitologia , Espanha
12.
Parasitol Res ; 119(6): 1981-1988, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32377909

RESUMO

Among several marine pelagic species of the Brazilian coast, Scomber colias Gmelin, 1789 (Perciformes: Scombridae) stands out for having great economic importance, since it is widely used as a food resource and presents moderate vulnerability. Twenty specimens of S. colias were purchased from October 2015 to October 2016 from the coast of Santa Catarina, Brazil. In the present study, we recorded Hysterothylacium fabri (Rudolphi, 1819) (Deardorff and Overstreet, Proc Biol Soc Wash 93(4):1035-1079 1980) from the S. colias intestine using an integrative taxonomy approach, where morphological data are used in combination with partial sequences of the ITS gene, to validate the taxonomic status of the species and establish their relationships with other members of the genus. This species is being recorded for the first time in the South Atlantic and S. colias. The specimens of H. fabri collected in this study parasitizing S. colias presented morphology similar to the other specimens already registered parasitizing other hosts. The distance matrix generated showed that the partial sequences obtained in this study were more similar to sequences of Hysterothylacium sp. collected in China. In phylogenetic analysis, the two detected haplotypes of this study were grouped with H. fabri haplotypes deposited in GenBank in a monophyletic subclade.


Assuntos
Ascaridoidea/isolamento & purificação , Perciformes/parasitologia , Animais , Ascaridoidea/classificação , Ascaridoidea/ultraestrutura , Oceano Atlântico , Perciformes/classificação , Filogenia
13.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232737, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392234

RESUMO

The oceanographic conditions of the Pacific Ocean are largely modified by El Niño (EN), affecting several ecological processes. Parasites and other marine organisms respond to environmental variation, but the influence of the EN cycle on the seasonal variation of parasitic copepods has not been yet evaluated. We analysed the relation between infection parameters (prevalence and mean intensity) of the widespread parasitic copepods Caligus bonito and Charopinopsis quaternia in the dolphinfish Coryphaena hippurus and oceanography during the strong 2015-16 EN. Fish were collected from capture fisheries on the Ecuadorian coast (Tropical Eastern Pacific) over a 2-year period. Variations of sea surface temperature (SST), salinity, chlorophyll a (Chl-a), Oceanic Niño Index (ONI), total host length (TL) and monthly infection parameters of both copepod species were analysed using time series and cross-correlations. We used the generalised additive models for determine the relationship between environmental variables and infection parameters. The total body length of the ovigerous females and the length of the eggs of C. bonito were measured in both periods. Infection parameters of both C. bonito and Ch. quaternia showed seasonal and annual patterns associated with the variation of environmental variables examined (SST, salinity, Chl-a and ONI 1+2). Infection parameters of both copepod species were significantly correlated with ONI 1+2, SST, TL and Chl-a throughout the GAMLSS model, and the explained deviance contribution ranged from 16%-36%. Our results suggest than an anomaly higher than +0.5°C triggers a risen in infection parameters of both parasitic copepods. This risen could be related to increases in egg length, female numbers and the total length of the ovigerous females in EN period. This study provides the first evidence showing that tropical parasitic copepods are sensitive to the influence of EN event, especially from SST variations. The observed behaviour of parasitic copepods likely affects the host populations and structure of the marine ecosystem at different scales.


Assuntos
Copépodes/fisiologia , El Niño Oscilação Sul , Infecções/epidemiologia , Infecções/parasitologia , Perciformes/parasitologia , Clima Tropical , Animais , Feminino , Modelos Biológicos , Óvulo/fisiologia , Oceano Pacífico , Prevalência , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Parasitol Res ; 119(8): 2431-2438, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32394002

RESUMO

The specimens of Trachinus draco collected from the Bay of Bizerte were found to be infected with a new Ceratomyxa species described as Ceratomyxa draconis n. sp. The sequence of small subunit ribosomal RNA gene obtained in this study differs from other Ceratomyxa sequences available in GenBank. Mature spores of this species were elongated and crescent-shaped in sutural view, measuring 7.4 ± 0.77 (6.4-8.0) µm in thickness and 30.8 ± 1.65 (28.8-32.8) µm in width. The polar capsules were spherical, equal in size, and measuring 3.3 ± 0.2 (3.6-4.0) µm in diameter. The Ceratomyxa draconis n. sp. showed a clearly seasonal variation of prevalence with highest prevalence noted during summer months.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Myxozoa , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Perciformes/parasitologia , Animais , Baías , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Vesícula Biliar/parasitologia , Myxozoa/anatomia & histologia , Myxozoa/classificação , Myxozoa/genética , Filogenia , Subunidades Ribossômicas Menores/genética , Estações do Ano , Tunísia/epidemiologia
15.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 29(2): e018219, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32428182

RESUMO

Sea lice are widespread copepods in marine teleost around the world. In this paper the first record of Caligus asperimanus Pearse, 1951 in the Western South Atlantic is documented parasitizing Lutjanus jocu and Lutjanus vivanus caught from coastal zones of Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro State, respectively.


Assuntos
Copépodes/anatomia & histologia , Perciformes/parasitologia , Animais , Oceano Atlântico , Brasil , Copépodes/classificação , Feminino , Água do Mar
17.
Parasitol Res ; 119(6): 1743-1752, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32318807

RESUMO

A new parasite species, Kudoa yasai n. sp. (Multivalvulida), is described from the king weakfish (Macrodon ancylodon), which is an important commercial fishery resource on the Brazilian Amazon coast. A total of 190 M. ancylodon specimens were obtained from the central fish market of the town of Bragança, and pseudocysts were found in the skeletal muscle fiber samples of all (100%) of the specimens, although no inflammatory reaction was observed in any of the cases. The myxospores are quadrate in shape with four polar capsules of equal size, 6.9 ± 0.94 µm long, 8.2 ± 0.39 µm wide, and 5.5 ± 0.60 µm thick. The polar capsules are 1.8 ± 0.26 µm in length and 1.4 ± 0.18 µm in width. The morphological and morphometric parameters, together with the phylogenetic analysis of a partial sequence of the 18S (SSU rDNA) gene, all indicate conclusively that Kudoa yasai n. sp. is a new species, distinct from all other Kudoa species. The study also verified the loss of quality in the meat of the host fish (M. ancylodon) sold in the Bragança market, which reinforces the need for the more systematic control of the quality of the product and the prevention of possible health problems for the consumer.


Assuntos
Músculo Esquelético/parasitologia , Myxozoa/classificação , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Perciformes/parasitologia , Alimentos Marinhos/parasitologia , Animais , Brasil , Myxozoa/anatomia & histologia , Myxozoa/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 18S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
18.
Syst Parasitol ; 97(3): 297-304, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32323099

RESUMO

Ascarophisnema hoiae n. sp. (Nematoda: Cystidicolidae) is described from the stomach of the trumpeter whiting, Sillago maculata Quoy & Gaimard (Perciformes: Sillaginidae) from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. It differs morphologically from the only other valid congener, A. tridentatum Moravec & Justine, 2010 in the shape of the sub-labium and in the lengths of the spicules and the morphology of their distal tips (bifid). It represents the first record of this genus from Australia and appears to be highly oioxenous, having been found only in this host species among 133 other species of fish examined at the same locality.


Assuntos
Perciformes/parasitologia , Spiruroidea/anatomia & histologia , Spiruroidea/classificação , Animais , Baías , Queensland , Especificidade da Espécie
19.
Parasite ; 27: 20, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223885

RESUMO

Recent examinations of anisakid nematodes (Anisakidae) from marine fishes off New Caledonia, collected in the years 2003-2008, revealed the presence of the following five new species of Raphidascaris Railliet et Henry, 1915, all belonging to the subgenus Ichthyascaris Wu, 1949: Raphidascaris (Ichthyascaris) spinicauda n. sp. from the redbelly yellowtail fusilier Caesio cuning (Caesionidae, Perciformes); Raphidascaris (Ichthyascaris) fasciati n. sp. from the blacktip grouper Epinephelus fasciatus (Serranidae, Perciformes); Raphidascaris (Ichthyascaris) nudicauda n. sp. from the brushtooth lizardfish Saurida undosquamis (Synodontidae, Aulopiformes); Raphidascaris (Ichthyascaris) euani n. sp. from the Japanese large-eye bream Gymnocranius euanus (Lethrinidae, Perciformes); and Raphidascaris (Ichthyascaris) elopsis n. sp. from the Hawaiian ladyfish Elops hawaiensis (Elopidae, Elopiformes). An additional two congeneric species, R. (I.) etelidis Moravec et Justine, 2012 and R. (I.) sillagoides (Bruce, 1990) were found in the deep-water red snapper Etelis carbunculus (new host record) and the deepwater longtail red snapper Etelis coruscans (both Lutjanidae, Perciformes), and the silver sillago Sillago sihama (Sillaginidae, Perciformes) (new host and geographical records), respectively. Two unidentified congeneric species, Raphidascaris (Ichthyascaris) sp. 1 from the trumpet emperor Lethrinus miniatus (Lethrinidae, Perciformes) and Raphidascaris (Ichthyascaris) sp. 2 from the white-spotted puffer Arothron hispidus (Tetraodontidae, Tetraodontiformes) were recorded. Moreover, two species of Hysterothylacium Ward et Magath, 1917, H. alatum Moravec et Justine, 2015 and H. epinepheli (Yamaguti, 1941), were found in the leopard coralgrouper Plectropomus leopardus (type host) and the highfin grouper Epinephelus maculatus (new host) (both Serranidae, Perciformes), respectively. This is the second finding of H. epinepheli since its original description in Japan 79 years ago. Most species are described based on light and electron microscopical studies.


Assuntos
Anisaquíase/veterinária , Anisakis/classificação , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Perciformes/parasitologia , Animais , Anisakis/ultraestrutura , Feminino , Japão , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Nova Caledônia , Alimentos Marinhos/parasitologia
20.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 29(1): e020019, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236335

RESUMO

Knowledge of the Arabian Gulf fish's parasite fauna is very poor. Until recently, only scattered reports from different locations are known for ecto- and endoparasites. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the digenean species that infects one of the most economically fish species in the Arabian Gulf, the rosy goatfish Parupeneus rubescens . One plagiorchiid species has been described, belonging to the Gorgoderidae family, and has been named as Phyllodistomum vaili Ho, Bray, Cutmore, Ward & Cribb, 2014 based on its morphological and morphometric characteristics. In order to accurately classify and characterize this plagiorchiid species, molecular analysis was carried out using both nuclear 18S and 28S rRNA gene regions and revealed that the present plagiorchiid species was associated with other species belonging to the Gorgoderidae family and deeply embedded in the Phyllodistomum genus, closely related to the previously described P. vaili (gb| KF013187.1, KF013173.1). The present study therefore revealed that the species Phyllodistomum is the first account as endoparasites from the rosy goatfish inhabiting the Arabian Gulf.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Perciformes/parasitologia , Trematódeos/isolamento & purificação , Animais , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 18S , RNA Ribossômico 28S , Arábia Saudita , Trematódeos/classificação , Trematódeos/genética
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