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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17533, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593128

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the improvements of surgical instruments and surgeons' experience, laparoscopic liver resection has been applied for recurrent tumors. However, the value of laparoscopic repeat liver resection (LRLR) is still controversial nowadays, which compelled us to conduct this meta-analysis to provide a comprehensive evidence about the efficacy of LRLR for recurrent liver cancer. METHODS: A computerized search was performed to identify all eligible trials published up to April 2019. This meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the perioperative data and oncological outcomes of LRLR by compared with open repeat liver resection (ORLR) and laparoscopic primary liver resection (LPLR). A fixed or random-effect modal was established to collect the data. RESULTS: A total of 1232 patients were included in this meta-analysis (LRLR: n = 364; ORLR: n = 396; LPLR: n = 472). LRLR did not increase the operative time compared to ORLR (WMD = 15.92 min; 95%CI: -33.53 to 65.37; P = .53). Conversely, LRLR for patients with recurrent tumors was associated with less intraoperative blood loss (WMD = -187.33 mL; 95%CI: -249.62 to -125.02; P < .00001), lower transfusion requirement (OR = 0.24; 95%CI: 0.06-1.03; P = .05), fewer major complications (OR = 0.42; 95%CI: 0.23-0.76; P = .004), and shorter hospital stays (WMD = -2.31; 95%CI: -3.55 to -1.07; P = .0003). In addition, the oncological outcomes were comparable between the two groups. However, as for the safety of LRLR compared with LPLR, although the operative time in LRLR group was longer than LPLR group (WMD = 58.63 min; 95%CI: 2.99-114.27; P = .04), the blood loss, transfusion rates, R0 resection, conversion, postoperative complications, and mortality were similar between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: LRLR for recurrent liver cancer could be safe and feasible in selected patients when performed by experienced surgeons.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Hepatectomia/métodos , Hepatectomia/tendências , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Tempo de Internação/tendências , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Seleção de Pacientes , Período Perioperatório , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Reoperação/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17254, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567997

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bleeding modifies the surgeon's view of the field during transsphenoidal endoscopic pituitary surgery. Since ventilation can alter venous return, we compared the effect of volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) and pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) on intraoperative bleeding. METHODS: Eighty-six patients were randomized to VCV or PCV in this single blinded study; comparisons concerned 42 in the PCV group and 43 in the VCV group. RESULTS: Intraoperative bleeding, the primary endpoint, did not differ between groups whether analysis focused on 7 levels of the score, from minimal bleeding to bleeding with significant change in the conduct of surgical procedure (P = .89) or on a stratification into 3 categories, mild, moderate, and major (P = .47). Median [interquartile range] peak airway pressure was lower in the PCV group (13.5 [12.5-15] vs 16.3 [14.4-19.1] cm H2O, P < .001) while mean airway pressures were similar (P = .08). Means ±â€ŠSD of tidal volumes were lower in the VCV group when expressed as absolute values (470.6 ±â€Š84 vs 434.7 ±â€Š71.7 ml, P = .05) or as tidal volume/theoretical ideal weight ratio (6.7 [6.5-7] vs 7.2 [6.9-7.9], P < .001). The 2 groups were similar for postoperative complications and number of patients cured. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, ventilation mode does not influence intraoperative bleeding during transsphenoidal pituitary surgery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01891838; July 3, 2013.


Assuntos
Hipófise/cirurgia , Respiração Artificial , Adulto , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Endoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Respiração com Pressão Positiva , Respiração Artificial/efeitos adversos , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Método Simples-Cego , Seio Esfenoidal , Adulto Jovem
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17263, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568002

RESUMO

To discuss the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of off-clamp robotic partial nephrectomy via retroperitoneal approach and provide data for evidence based medicine in the surgical treatment of renal tumor.The clinical data was documented and compared between robotic retroperitoneal partial nephrectomy with and without hilar occlusion (clamp group and off-clamp group) performed between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2017.Six-months post-operative renal function was superior in the off-clamp group compared with clamp group, while long-term results remained to be elucidated. No significant difference in post-operative hospital stay was found between the 2 groups. Estimated blood loss in off-clamp group was significantly higher than clamp group, while no significant difference was found in transfusion rate.Off-clamp robotic partial nephrectomy via retroperitoneal approach is a safe and effective technique for the removal of renal tumor while the indication of surgery is strictly limited to small (<4 cm) and exophytic renal tumor.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Laparoscopia , Nefrectomia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espaço Retroperitoneal/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17308, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577723

RESUMO

Retroperitoneal laparoscopic pyeloplasty (RLP) is 1 method for treating ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) in children, but reports are more common in children than in infants younger than 2 years old. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of RLP for infants with UPJO.From January 2015 to December 2017, a retrospective analysis of 22 infants aged 2 to 24 (11.95 ±â€Š6.00) months with UPJO who were treated with RLP in our hospital was performed. During the same period, 14 infants who underwent conventional transperitoneal laparoscopic pyeloplasty (TLP) were compared with those who underwent RLP. Postoperative recovery and complications, including bleeding, infection, urinary leakage and anastomotic stenosis, postoperative resumption of oral feeding, postoperative hospitalization time and surgical success rate were evaluated. Drainage and function were assessed with isotope scan at 6 months and later during the yearly follow-up and by intravenous urography (IVU) and mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3) renography.Both groups underwent successful surgery. The operative time in the RLP group was 88 to 205 (120.59 ±â€Š24.59) min, and there was no significant difference compared with the TLP group (P = .767). The estimated intraoperative blood loss was 2 to 10 (3.75 ±â€Š1.59) ml, which was not significantly different between the 2 groups (P = .386). In the RLP group, the mean postoperative resumption of oral feeding was faster than that in the TLP group (3.55 ±â€Š0.74 vs 5.50 ±â€Š0.85 hour, P < .001), and the postoperative hospitalization time was shorter in the TLP group than in the RLP group (6.59 ±â€Š0.50 vs 7.07 ±â€Š0.47 day, P = .007 < .05). Follow-up lasted from 6 months to 3 years, and there was a significant reduction in postoperative hydronephrosis in both groups (P < .05, respectively).RLP is a safe procedure for infants. This procedure is associated with relatively little trauma, a quick recovery and good cosmetic effects. RLP also has the advantages of relatively little interference with the abdominal cavity and sufficient operating space; thus, this technique is worth promoting.


Assuntos
Pelve Renal/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Espaço Retroperitoneal/cirurgia , Obstrução Ureteral/cirurgia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Hidronefrose/etiologia , Lactente , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Nefrotomia , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Obstrução Ureteral/complicações
6.
Am Surg ; 85(9): 978-984, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638510

RESUMO

Only a small percentage of patients fail laparoscopic fundoplications undertaken for gastroesophageal reflux disease. But because many laparoscopic fundoplications have been undertaken, surgeons frequently encounter patients in need of "redo" operations. This study was undertaken to evaluate the robotic approach versus laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) approach for redo fundoplications. With an Institutional Review Board approval, 64 patients undergoing LESS (n = 32) or robotic (n = 32) redo antireflux operations were prospectively followed up. Data are presented as median (mean + SD). For LESS versus robotic redo operations, the operative duration was 145 (143 ± 33.5) versus 196 (208 ± 76.7) minutes (P < 0.01), estimated blood loss was 50 (80 ± 92.1) versus 20 (43 ± 57.1) mL (P = 0.07), and length of stay was 1 (3 ± 5.4) versus 1 (2 ± 1.9) day (P = 0.57); 1 LESS operation was converted to "open." Operative duration was longer for men (P = 0.01). Postoperative complications were not more frequent after Nissen (n = 36) or Toupet (n = 28) fundoplication, regardless of the approach. When matched by BMI, operative duration was prolonged by a large Type I to IV hiatal hernia (P = 0.01). Symptoms improved dramatically and were similar with both approaches, and patient satisfaction was high. Robotic redo antireflux operations take longer than LESS operations. LESS and robotic redo antireflux operations are both safe and offer significant and similar amelioration of symptoms after failed fundoplications.


Assuntos
Fundoplicatura/métodos , Hérnia Hiatal/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Reoperação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fundoplicatura/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Satisfação do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Am Surg ; 85(9): 1061-1065, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638525

RESUMO

As minimally invasive operations evolve, it is imperative to evaluate the advantages and risks involved. The aim of our study was to evaluate our institution's experience in incorporating a robotic platform for transhiatal esophagectomy (THE). Patients undergoing robotic THE were prospectively followed. Data are presented as median (mean ± SD). Forty-five patients were of 67 (67 ± 6.9) years and BMI 26 (27 ± 5.5) kg/m². Nine per cent of operations were converted to "open," but none in the last 25 operations. Operative duration of robotic THE was 334 (364 ± 108.8) minutes and estimated blood loss was 200 (217 ± 144.0) mL, which decreased with time (P = 0.017). Length of stay was 8 (12 ± 11.1) days. Twenty per cent had respiratory failure requiring intubation that resolved, 4 per cent developed pneumonia, 11 per cent developed a surgical site infection, 2 per cent developed renal insufficiency, and 2 per cent developed a UTI. Two per cent (one patient) died within 30 days postoperatively, because of cardiac arrest. Our experience with robotic THE promotes robotic application because we endeavor to achieve high-level proficiency. With experience, we improved estimated blood loss and converted fewer transhiatal esophagectomies to "open." Our length of hospital stay seems long but reflects the ill-health of patients, as does the variety of complications. Our data support the evolving future of THE, which will integrally include a robotic approach.


Assuntos
Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Esofagectomia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Índice de Massa Corporal , Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta , Feminino , Seguimentos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Infecções Urinárias
8.
Arq Bras Cir Dig ; 32(3): e1454, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous biliary drainage is a safe procedure. The risk of bleeding complications is acceptable. Frequently, patients with biliary obstructions usually have coagulation disorders thus increasing risk of bleeding. For this reason, patients should always fit the parameters of hemostasis. AIM: To determine whether the percentage of bleeding complications in percutaneous biliary drainage is greater in adults with corrected hemostasis prior to the procedure regarding those who did not require any. METHODS: : Prospective, observational, transversal, comparative by independent samples (unpaired comparison). Eighty-two patients with percutaneous biliary drainage were included. The average age was 64±16 years (20-92) being 38 male and 44 female. Patients who presented altered hemostasis were corrected and the presence of bleeding complications was evaluated with laboratory and ultrasound. RESULTS: Of 82 patients, 23 needed correction of hemostasis. The approaches performed were: 41 right, 30 left and 11 bilateral. The amount of punctures on average was 3±2. There were 13 (15.8%) bleeding complications, 12 (20%) in uncorrected and only one (4.34%) in the corrected group with no statistical difference. There were no differences in side, number of punctures and type of drainage, but number of passes and the size of drainage on the right side were different. There was no related mortality. CONCLUSION: Bleeding complications in patients requiring hemostasis correction for a percutaneous biliary drainage was not greater than in those who did not require any.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Colestase/cirurgia , Drenagem/efeitos adversos , Hemostasia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateteres , Colestase/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Drenagem/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Punções , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e16936, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517814

RESUMO

The study aimed to investigate the effect of ratios of marrow cavity diameter to intramedullary nail diameter from different layers on hidden blood loss (HBL), overt blood loss (OBL) and total blood loss (TBL) during using proximal femoral nail antirotation-Asian version (PFNA)-II for femoral intertrochanteric fractures.We retrospectively studied 70 patients treated in our hospital recently. We recorded postoperative hematocrit (Hct) and OBL during operation. TBL and HBL were calculated using CROSS equation. The ratios of marrow cavity diameter to intramedullary nail diameter from different layers, including start of funnel, end of funnel and femoral isthmus, were measured. The mean of the ratio from frontal and lateral X-ray were designated as R. We classified all included participants into a high and a low matching group according to z-score of R within each layer. TBL, HBL, and OBL were compared between the 2 groups. We applied multiple linear regression analysis between the HBL as a dependent variable and gender, age, body mass index, fracture type, and R as independent variables.The present study indicated a significant reduction in the HBL and TBL in the high matching group compared to low matching group on three layers, whereas it showed no significant difference in OBL between the 2 groups on three layers. It showed that R values from start of funnel and end of funnel were significantly associated with HBL.Matching rate of PFNA II at the funnel might be an important factor for HBL and TBL postoperatively.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Medula Óssea/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Medula Óssea/patologia , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/patologia , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tamanho do Órgão , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/patologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 33(10): 1265-1269, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544437

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of fast track protocol of geriatric intertrochanteric fracture on operative waiting time, operation time, perioperative blood loss, providing data support for clinical therapy. Methods: The clinical data of 240 elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture admitted between January 2015 and December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into traditional protocol group (148 cases, group A) and fast track group (92 cases, group B). All patients were treated with closed reduction intramedullary nail (proximal femoral nail antirotation) surgery. There was no significant difference in gender, age, sides, fracture classification, fracture type, complications, the proportion of patients with more than 3 kinds of medical diseases, and the time from injury to admission between the two groups ( P>0.05). Analysis index included operative waiting time (hospitalization to operation time), operation time, percentage of operation performing in 48 and 72 hours, percentage of transfusion, changes of hematocrit (Hct) at different stage (admission, operation day, and postoperative 1, 3 days), blood loss by fracture and cephalomedullary nail, intraoperative dominant blood loss, total blood loss in perioperative period were recorded and compared. Results: The operative waiting time, operation time, Hct on operation day and postoperative 3 days, blood loss by fracture, transfusion volume, and total blood loss in perioperative period in group B were significantly less than those in group A ( P<0.05), and the percentage of operation performing in 48 and 72 hours in group B were significantly higher than those in group A ( P<0.05). There was no signifcant difference in Hct on admission and postoperative 1 day, intraoperative dominant blood loss, percentage of transfusion, blood loss by cephalomedullary nail between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion: Fast track can shorten the operative waiting time of geriatric intertrochanteric fracture, reduce the blood loss by fracture, total blood loss in perioperative period, and transfusion volume. Early operation is conducive to improve the anemia status of patients during perioperative period.


Assuntos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas do Quadril , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Pinos Ortopédicos , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(9): 1093-1099, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474134

RESUMO

AIMS: Antifibrinolytic agents, including tranexamic acid (TXA) and epsilon-aminocaproic acid (EACA), have been shown to be safe and effective for decreasing perioperative blood loss and transfusion following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, there are few prospective studies that directly compare these agents. The purpose of this study was to compare the benefits of intraoperative intravenous TXA with EACA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 235 patients (90 THA and 145 TKA) were enrolled in this prospective, randomized controlled trial at a single tertiary-care referral centre. In the THA cohort, 53.3% of the patients were female with a median age of 59.8 years (interquartile range (IQR) 53.3 to 68.1). In the TKA cohort, 63.4% of the patients were female with a median age of 65.1 years (IQR 59.4 to 69.5). Patients received either TXA (n = 119) or EACA (n = 116) in two doses intraoperatively. The primary outcome measures included change in haemoglobin level and blood volume, postoperative drainage, and rate of transfusion. Secondary outcome measures included postoperative complications, cost, and length of stay (LOS). RESULTS: TKA patients who received EACA had greater drainage (median 320 ml (IQR 185 to 420) vs 158 ml (IQR 110 to 238); p < 0.001), increased loss of blood volume (891 ml (IQR 612 to 1203) vs 661 ml (IQR 514 to 980); p = 0.014), and increased haemoglobin change from the preoperative level (2.1 ml (IQR 1.7 to 2.8) vs 1.9 ml (IQR 1.2 to 2.4); p = 0.016) compared with patients who received TXA. For the THA cohort, no statistically significant differences were observed in any haematological outcome measure. One patient in the EACA group required transfusion. No patient in the TXA group required transfusion. There were no statistically significant differences in number or type of postoperative complications or LOS for either THA or TKA patients regardless of whether they received TXA or EACA. CONCLUSION: For hip and knee arthroplasty procedures, EACA is associated with increased perioperative blood loss compared with TXA. However, there is no significant difference in transfusion rate. While further prospective studies are needed to compare the efficacy of each agent, we currently recommend orthopaedic surgeons to select their antifibrinolytic based on cost and regional availability. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1093-1099.


Assuntos
Ácido Aminocaproico/administração & dosagem , Antifibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Substituição/efeitos adversos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Ácido Tranexâmico/administração & dosagem , Administração Intravenosa , Idoso , Ácido Aminocaproico/uso terapêutico , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Transfusão de Sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Período Intraoperatório , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/induzido quimicamente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico
12.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(8): 759-764, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533391

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical efficacy and safety of application of tranexamic acid for two times combined with postoperative hip and knee on flexion position for reducing blood loss during total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: From January 2015 to January 2018, 90 patients with knee osteoarthritis underwent unilateral total knee arthroplasty, including 33 males and 57 females, aged from 61 to 85 years old with an average of(72.3±6.9) years old. The patients were randomly divided into three groups according to random number table, 30 patients in each group. In group A, there were 11 males and 9 females, aged from 61 to 84 years old with an average of (71.60±6.04) years old, body mass index was (26.04±1.95) kg/m², hemoglobin was(128.57±5.98) g/L, treated by 7.5 mg/kg tranexamic acid was injected intravenously before upper tourniquet, and 7.5 mg/kg tranexamic acid after closure of incision and before loosening tourniquet, meanwhile combined with flexion position of hip for 30° to 45° and flexion position of knee for 60° for 70°. In group B, there were 10 males and 20 females aged from 61 to 85 years old with an average of (72.04±7.47) years, body mass index was (25.92±1.70) kg/m², hemoglobin was (127.58±4.37) g/L, treated by 15 mg/kg tranexamic acid injected intravenously before loosening tourniquet. In group C, there were 12 males and 18 females aged from 62 to 85 years old with an average of (73.23±7.36) years, body mass index was (26.07±1.49) kg/m², hemoglobin was (128.31±5.61) g/L, treated with the same amount of normal saline before loosening tourniquet. Intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative drainage volume, recessive blood loss, total blood loss volume, blood transfusion cases, activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT), prothrombin time(PT), prothrombin international standardized ratio (PT-INR) and indexes of D-dimer(D-D) were compared among three groups, as well as postoperative deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism were observed among three groups. RESULTS: No incision infection occurred in all 90 patients, and all patients were followed up from 4 to 8 months with an average of 6 months without pulmonary embolism occurred. There was no statistical difference in itraoperative bleeding volume among three groups(F=0.299, P=0.742), while there were significant differences in postoperative drainage volume, recessive blood loss, and total blood loss among three groups. The number of blood transfusion were as following, 2 cases in group A, 8 cases in group B, and 16 cases in group C, there were statistically significant differences among three groups(χ² =16.01, P<0.001). There were no differences in APTT, PT, PT-INR and D-D after operation among three groups(P>0.05), and no difference in occurrence of lower limb vein thrombosis after operation. CONCLUSIONS: The method of using tranexamic acid before upper tourniquet, after closure of incision and before loosening tourniquet-combined with the flexion position of hip and knee could effectively reduce postoperative drainage volume, recessive bleeding, total blood loss and blood transfusion cases after total knee arthroplasty, while it does not increase risk of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antifibrinolíticos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido Tranexâmico
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e16963, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464938

RESUMO

We investigated the clinical application of auricular point sticking (APS) combined with tranexamic acid in perioperative hemostasis in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures of the femur.This is a prospective cohort study, and we analyzed 86 elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures of the femur who underwent closed reduction and internal fixation with proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) between January 2016 and December 2016. The patients were divided into auricular point combined with tranexamic acid group (APS group, n = 43) and tranexamic acid alone group (Control group, n = 43). APS was performed for patients using Vaccaria seeds 1 to 2 days before the operation. The 4 acupoints of hemostasis, including spleen, diaphragm, pituitary, and adrenal gland, as well as acupoint of hip joint, were selected. Routine treatment was performed using tranexamic acid alone in the control group. Blood transfusion, intraoperative, postoperative, and total blood loss were compared between the 2 groups.This study enrolled 36 males and 50 females aged 71 to 93 years (average age: 78.5 years). There were no significant differences in gender, age, height, weight, preoperative hematocrit level, fracture classification, operative time, and hospitalization stay (P > .05). Total blood loss was lower in the APS group than the control group (244.26, 197.87-258.50 ml vs 533.94, 424.00-598.09 ml, P < .01). The blood transfusion rate was 14.0% in the APS group and 34.9% in the control group (P = .02).APS can reduce perioperative bleeding and decrease the need for blood transfusion in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures of the femur. This noninvasive method can be applied clinically. Randomized trials may be needed to confirm the findings.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Antifibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Ácido Tranexâmico/administração & dosagem , Pontos de Acupuntura , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16730, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive pancreatoduodenectomy (MIPD) is being increasingly performed as an alternative to open pancreatoduodenectomy (OPD) in selected patients. Our study aimed to present a meta-analysis of the high-quality studies conducted that compared MIPD to OPD performed for pancreatic head and periampullary diseases. METHODS: A systematic review of the available literature was performed to identify those studies conducted that compared MIPD to OPD. Here, all randomized controlled trials identified were included, while the selection of high-quality, nonrandomized comparative studies were based on a validated tool (i.e., Methodological Index for Nonrandomized Studies). Intraoperative outcomes, postoperative recovery, oncologic clearance, and postoperative complications were also evaluated. RESULTS: Sixteen studies matched the selection criteria, including a total of 3168 patients (32.1% MIPD, 67.9% OPD). The pooled data showed that MIPD was associated with a longer operative time (weighted mean difference [WMD] = 80.89 minutes, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 39.74-122.05, P < .01), less blood loss (WMD = -227.62 mL, 95% CI: -305.48 to -149.75, P < .01), shorter hospital stay (WMD = -4.68 days, 95% CI: -5.52 to -3.84, P < .01), and an increase in retrieved lymph nodes (WMD = 1.85, 95% CI: 1.33-2.37, P < .01). Furthermore, the overall morbidity was significantly lower in the MIPD group (OR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.54-0.82, P < .01), as were total postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) (OR = 0.79, 95% CI: 0.63-0.99, P = .04), delayed gastric emptying (DGE) (OR = 0.71, 95% CI: 0.52-0.96, P = .02), and wound infection (OR = 0.56, 95% CI: 0.39-0.79, P < .01). However, there were no statistically significant differences observed in major complications, clinically significant POPFs, reoperation rate, and mortality. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that MIPD is a safe alternative to OPD, as it is associated with less blood loss and better postoperative recovery in terms of the overall postoperative complications as well as POPF, DGE, and wound infection. Methodologic high-quality comparative studies are required for further evaluation.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Duração da Cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16741, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393387

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a congenital disorder characterized by cutaneous port wine capillary malformations, varicose veins with hemihypertrophy of soft tissue and bone.Pelvic and retroperitoneal vascular malformations have been described up to the 30% of patients with KTS while hemangiomas of the urinary tract have been reported in 6% PATIENT CONCERNS:: A 30-year-old man with KTS was referred to our center for primary erectile dysfunction (ED) associated with varicosities of unusual distribution and asymmetry of the lower limbs. Furthermore, he suffered from hypertension and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.During penile prosthesis implantation, a significant intraoperative bleeding (1 liter) due to large scrotal venous malformations and profuse bleeding from both corpora was recorded. One month later, the day after the first prosthesis training session, the patient returned with swelling in the penoscrotal region. A large inguino-scrotal hematoma was drained. There was a complete bilateral dehiscence of corpora cavernosa with a spread venous bleeding in the scrotum. DIAGNOSES: CT scan showed hypertrophy of the right hypogastric artery with severe vascular malformations: the right pudendal artery was massively dilated with early visualization of venous drainage without evidence of arteriovenous fistulae; regular bulbocavernous capillary blush; right upper gluteus artery hypertrophic and dilated. Multiple twisting and aneurysms of the right internal pudenda artery were bleeding from multiple points. Cystoscopy showed a fistula between the proximal urethra and the penoscrotal dartos. Coagulation tests revealed the presence of factor XIII deficiency INTERVENTIONS:: The patient underwent several procedures including percutaneous scleroembolization of the internal pudendal arteries, removal of the penile implant, recombinant factor XIII (FXIII) administration, and cord blood platelet gel application. OUTCOMES: The patient was discharged after almost 3 months in hospital, hemodynamically stable. LESSONS: Experience regarding management of ED in KTS patient is limited and in case of concomitant factor XIII deficiency, the clinical scenario can be life-threatening. A multidisciplinary approach including a urologist, an interventional radiologist and a hematologist in our experience represented the key approach in case of severe bleeding following surgery for ED.


Assuntos
Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Disfunção Erétil/cirurgia , Síndrome de Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber/complicações , Implante Peniano/métodos , Prótese de Pênis , Adulto , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Rim Policístico Autossômico Dominante/complicações , Varizes/complicações
16.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 33(8): 935-939, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407549

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a loading high-dose tranexamic acid (TXA) followed by postoperative 5 doses in total hip arthroplasty (THA) by a randomized controlled trial. Methods: Seventy-two patients who underwent primary unilateral THA between December 2017 and March 2018 were randomly divided into two groups (36 patients in each group). A single dose of 20 mg/kg TXA was administered intravenously before 5-10 minutes of operation in group A; and a single dose of 40 mg/kg TXA was administered intravenously in group B at the same time point. All patients received 5 doses of 1 g TXA at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 hours after the first dose. There was no significant difference in gender, age, weight, height, body mass index, disease type, and combined medical diseases between the two groups ( P>0.05). Total blood loss (TBL), lowest postoperative hemoglobin (Hb) level, fibrinolysis parameters [fibrin (ogen) degradation products (FDP), D-dimer], inflammatory factors [C-reaction protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6)], adverse events (thrombosis, pulmonary embolism) were recorded and compared between groups. Results: The TBL was significantly lower in group B than in group A ( P<0.05). Furthermore, the lowest postoperative Hb level was significantly higher in group B than in group A ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in FDP and D-dimer before operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The levels of FDP and D-dimer were significantly lower in group B than in group A at 12 and 36 hours postoperatively ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in CRP and IL-6 before operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The levels of CRP and IL-6 were significant lower in group B than in group A at 12, 24, and 36 hours postoperatively ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference at 14 days ( P>0.05). There were 2 patients with intramuscular venous thrombosis in group A and 1 in group B after operation, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of embolic events ( P>0.05). No deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism occurred in all groups. Conclusion: A loading high-dose TXA followed by postoperative 5 doses can further reduce the blood loss, provide additional fibrinolysis and inflammation control in THA, without increasing the risk of embolic events.


Assuntos
Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia de Quadril , Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Transfusão de Sangue , Humanos
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e15852, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the benefits and harm of combined administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) and dexamethasone (Dexa) in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: A total of 88 consecutive patients undergoing TKA for knee osteoarthritis were stratified in 2 groups. All surgeries were performed under general anesthesia. Brief, patients in the TXA + Dexa group (n = 45) received 10 mg Dexa just after the anesthesia, and repeated at 24 hours after the surgery; and patients in the TXA group (n = 43) received 2 ml of normal saline solution at the same time. The measured outcomes were the C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) from preoperatively to postoperatively, and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), fatigue, range of motion (ROM), length of stay (LOS), and the analgesic and antiemetic rescue consumption RESULTS:: The level of CRP and IL-6 in the TXA + Dexa group were lower than that in the TXA group at 24 hours (P < .001, P < .001), 48 hours (P < .001, P < .001), and 72 hours (P < .001, P < .001) after the surgery. The pain scores in the TXA + Dexa group were lower during walking at 24 hours (P < .001), 48 hours (P < .001), and 72 hours (P < .001) and at rest at 24 hours (P = .022) after the surgery. Patients in the TXA + Dexa group had a lower nausea score, the incidence of PONV, fatigue, and the analgesic and antiemetic rescue consumption, and had a greater ROM than that in the TXA group. No significant differences were found in LOS and complications. CONCLUSION: The combined administration of TXA + Dexa significantly reduced the level of postoperative CRP and IL-6, relieve postoperative pain, ameliorate the incidence of POVN, provide additional analgesic and antiemetic effects, reduce postoperative fatigue, and improve ROM, without increasing the risk of complications in primary TKA.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Analgésicos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Antieméticos/administração & dosagem , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Proteína C-Reativa/efeitos dos fármacos , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/biossíntese , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Náusea e Vômito Pós-Operatórios/prevenção & controle , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Ácido Tranexâmico/administração & dosagem
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e16663, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of present study is to investigate the relationship between the antecolic (AC) route of gastrojejunostomy (GJ) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) or duodenojejunostomy (DJ) reconstruction after pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD), and the incidence of delayed gastric emptying (DGE). METHODS: An electronic search of 4 databases to identify all articles comparing AC and retrocolic (RC) reconstruction after PD or PPPD was performed. RESULTS: Fifteen studies involving 2270 patients were included for final pooled analysis. The overall incidence of DGE was 27.2%. Meta-analysis results showed AC group had lower incidence of DGE (odds ratio, 0.29; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.16-0.52, P < .0001) and shorter hospital length of stay (weight mean difference, -3.29; 95% CI, -5.2 to -1.39, P = .0007). Days until to liquid and solid diet in the AC group were also significantly earlier than that in the RC group (P = .0006 and P < .0001). There was no difference in operative time, incidence of pancreatic fistula and bile leakage, and mortality, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: AC route of GJ after PD or DJ after PPPD is associated with a lower incidence of DGE. However, the preferred route for GJ or DJ reconstruction remains to be investigated in well-powered, randomized, controlled trial.


Assuntos
Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Esvaziamento Gástrico , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Humanos , Intubação Gastrointestinal , Duração da Cirurgia
19.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1102): 20190127, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the risk factors for massive bleeding based on angiographic findings in patients with placenta previa and accreta who underwent balloon occlusion of the internal iliac artery (BOIA) during cesarean section. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis using the clinical records of 42 patients with placenta previa and accreta who underwent BOIA during cesarean section between 2006 and 2017 in Gunma university hospital. We reviewed incidence of collateral arteries to the uterus on the initial aortography. We evaluated the visualization of the ovarian artery arising directly from the abdominal aorta, round ligament artery arising from the external iliac artery/inferior epigastric artery, and the iliolumbar artery. In addition, the clinical characteristics were reviewed. Patients with an estimated blood loss during delivery of >2500 ml, >4 packed red blood cell transfusions, uterine artery embolization after delivery, or hysterectomy were defined as the massive bleeding group. We compared between the massive and non-massive bleeding groups. RESULTS: 20 patients (48%) had a massive bleeding. No procedure-related severe complications were observed. The massive and non-massive bleeding groups differed in terms of operation time (p < 0.001), hysterectomy (p < 0.001), post-operative hospital stay (p < 0.05), and visualization of round ligament arteries to the uterus [15/20 (75%) patients, p < 0.01]. CONCLUSION: The incidence of collateral blood supply from a round ligament artery to the uterus may be a risk factor for massive bleeding in patients with placenta previa and accreta who have undergone BOIA during cesarean section. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Angiographic visualization of collateral circulation from the round ligament artery to the uterus may be a risk factor for massive bleeding in patients with placenta previa and accreta who have undergone BOIA during cesarean section.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão , Cesárea/métodos , Circulação Colateral , Artéria Ilíaca , Ovário/irrigação sanguínea , Placenta Acreta/cirurgia , Placenta Prévia/cirurgia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Adulto , Angiografia , Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aortografia/métodos , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Hemostasia Cirúrgica/métodos , Humanos , Histerectomia , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Placenta Acreta/diagnóstico por imagem , Placenta Prévia/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Ligamento Redondo do Útero/irrigação sanguínea , Ultrassonografia , Útero/irrigação sanguínea
20.
J Orthop Traumatol ; 20(1): 28, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321578

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery can be associated with significant blood loss. Among the problems associated with such blood loss is the need for transfusions of banked blood [1]. Transfusions not only have a financial consequence but also carry a small risk of disease transmission to the patient. Antifibrinolytics have been successfully used to reduce transfusion requirements in elective arthroplasty patients. The objective of this meta-analysis is to determine which of tranexamic acid (TXA) and epsilon-aminocaproic acid (EACA) is more effective for reducing peri-operative blood loss, and lessening the need for blood transfusion following knee arthroplasty surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase and CINAHL databases were searched for relevant articles published between January 1980 to January 2018 for the purpose of identifying studies comparing TXA and EACA for TKA surgery. A double-extraction technique was used, and included studies were assessed regarding their methodological quality prior to analysis. Outcomes analysed included blood loss, pre- and post-operative haemoglobin, number of patients requiring transfusion, number of units transfused, operative and tourniquet time, and complications associated with antifibrinolytics. RESULTS: Three studies contributed to the quantitative analysis of 1691 patients, with 743 patients included in the TXA group and 948 in the EACA group. Estimated blood loss was similar between the two groups [95% confidence interval (CI) -0.50, 0.04; Z = 1.69; P = 0.09]. There were no differences between the two groups regarding the percentage of patients requiring transfusion (95% CI 0.14, 4.13; Z = 0.31; P = 0.76). There was no difference in the pre- and post-operative haemoglobin difference between the two groups (95% CI -0.36, 0.24; Z = 0.38; P = 0.70). There was no difference in the average number of transfused units (95% CI -0.53, 0.25; Z = 0.71; P = 0.48). There was no difference in the operative (95% CI -0.35, 0.36; Z = 0.04; P = 0.97) or tourniquet time (95% CI -0.16, 0.34; Z = 0.72; P = 0.47). Similarly, there was no difference in the percentage of venous thromboembolism between the two groups (95% CI 0.17, 2.80; Z = 0.51; P = 0.61). CONCLUSIONS: This study did not demonstrate TXA to be superior to EACA. In fact, both antifibrinolytic therapies demonstrated similar efficacy in terms of intra-operative blood loss, transfusion requirements and complication rates. Currently EACA has a lower cost, which makes it an appealing alternative to TXA for TKA surgery. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.


Assuntos
Ácido Aminocaproico/uso terapêutico , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico , Antifibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Transfusão de Sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/terapia , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia
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