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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211654, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1254524

RESUMO

Grade C periodontitis in youngers is characterized by a severe form of periodontitis, and IL10 rs6667202 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) has been described as an important feature in this disease etiology. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate, in vivo, the functionality of IL10 rs6667202 SNP on IL-10 gingival fluid levels. Methods: Thirty patients with Perio4C were selected, 15 with the IL10 AA genotype (rs6667202) and 15 with AC/CC genotypes. The gingival fluid was collected from two sites with probing depth ≥ 7 mm and bleeding on probing, and two healthy sites. The IL-10 concentration was determined by Luminex/MAGpix platform. Results: In deep pockets, the IL10 AA genotype presented a lower concentration of IL-10 when compared with AC or CC genotypes (p<0.05). In shallow pockets, no difference between groups was seen (p>0.05). Conclusion: IL10 rs6667202 SNP decreases the production of IL-10 in crevicular fluid, potentially affecting this disease progression


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Periodontite Agressiva , Interleucina-10 , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
2.
Chin J Dent Res ; 24(3): 191-198, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491014

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate various factors affecting the clinical outcome of nonsurgical periodontal treatment and evaluate the treatment effects of adjunctive amoxicillin and metronidazole (AMX + MET) in patients with generalised aggressive periodontitis (GAgP). METHODS: Forty-two patients with GAgP were recruited and randomly assigned to three groups: scaling and root planing (SRP) only, AMX + MET after SRP, and AMX + MET during SRP. The patients were assessed every 2 months post-therapy. Periodontal clinical and subgingival microbiological parameters were analysed at baseline and 6 months post-therapy. The impacts of different covariates on pocket probing depth (PD) reduction were evaluated. RESULTS: A multilevel analysis revealed that 58% of the variability in PD reduction was attributed to site-level parameters, 27.3% to patient-level parameters and 18.7% to tooth-level parameters. Greater PD reduction can be expected at initially deeper PD sites and sites with intrabony defects, and in patients with adjunctive use of AMX + MET. Persistent Tannerella forsythia infection and tooth mobility after treatment were negatively associated with PD reduction. CONCLUSION: The clinical outcomes of nonsurgical periodontal treatment were mainly influenced by site-level parameters, and adjunctive use of AMX + MET can lead to better clinical results in patients with GAgP in a short time.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Periodontite Agressiva/terapia , Amoxicilina/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Raspagem Dentária , Humanos , Análise Multinível , Aplainamento Radicular , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 21(3): 101528, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Chronic periodontitis (CP), aggressive periodontitis (AP), and peri-implantitis (PI) are chronic inflammatory diseases. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-a) is an effective immune inflammatory mediator. Several studies have been conducted to explore the association between the TNF-α (G-308A) polymorphism and susceptibility to CP, AP, and PI. Our objective was to examine whether the TNF-α (G-308A) polymorphism is related to these diseases. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the association between the TNF-α (G-308A) polymorphism and CP, AP, and PI. The PubMed, Embase, CNKI, and Web of Science electronic databases were searched for studies published from inception to August 11, 2020; the reference lists of included studies were also searched. The included studies were assessed in the following genetic models: dominant model, recessive model, allelic model, heterozygous model, and homozygous model. RESULTS: Forty articles (50 comparisons) with 2243 CP, 824 AP, 615 PI, 795 healthy peri-implant, and 3575 healthy controls were considered for the TNF-α (G-308A) polymorphism in this meta-analysis. Variant A of TNF-α (G-308A) was associated with increased AP risk in the general population, especially in Asians, and this polymorphism was significantly associated with elevated risk of CP in Asians and Caucasians. There was no association between the A allele and PI risk. None of the contrasts of the genetic model yielded a significant finding in Latin Americans. Different genotyping methods may affect the association between the TNF-α (G-308A) polymorphism and these diseases. CONCLUSION: These findings supported that variant A of the TNF-α (G-308A) polymorphism may contribute to CP and AP susceptibility, particularly in Asians and Caucasians. More efforts and further studies with larger sample sizes will be required to validate the risk of CP, AP, and PI.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Periodontite Crônica , Peri-Implantite , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Periodontite Agressiva/genética , Periodontite Crônica/genética , Humanos , Peri-Implantite/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
4.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 62(3): 181-192, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393142

RESUMO

Aggressive periodontitis mostly affects young people, causing rapid destruction of periodontal tissue and loss of supporting alveolar bone. The destruction of periodontal tissue induces pathological tooth movement, resulting in various types of malocclusion such as crowding or spacing in the dentition. This report describes orthodontic treatment for malocclusion due to generalized aggressive periodontitis. The patient was a 31-year-old woman who presented with the chief complaint of displacement in the anterior teeth. An oral examination revealed pathological tooth mobility throughout the entire oral cavity due to severe loss of periodontal support. Many gaps in the displaced maxillary anterior teeth and crowding in the mandibular anterior teeth were also observed. The goal of subsequent treatment was to achieve ideal overjet and overbite by aligning the teeth and closing the spaces via non-extraction orthodontic treatment with stripping. The periodontal disease was managed by a periodontist who provided guidance on oral hygiene and periodontal disease control throughout the course of orthodontic treatment. Appropriate occlusion and a good oral environment were achieved. The condition of the periodontal tissue stabilized during and after orthodontic treatment, and favourable occlusal stability was observed at the 2-year follow-up examination.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Má Oclusão , Adolescente , Adulto , Periodontite Agressiva/terapia , Oclusão Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Má Oclusão/terapia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
5.
J Dent Child (Chic) ; 88(2): 140-143, 2021 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321147

RESUMO

Aggressive periodontitis is a disease that causes severe destruction of periodontal tissues, showing early development and rapid progression in both primary and permanent dentitions. Due to familial aggregation, children of parents with periodontitis are considered to be at higher risk for disease occurrence, which suggests that they should be evaluated and monitored as early as possible. The purpose of this case report is to describe aspects related to early diagnosis of periodontitis in two children and their relationship with the parent's periodontal condition, exploring the familial component as a crucial factor that can lead to an early diagnosis and better clinical management in their offspring.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Doenças da Gengiva , Periodontite Agressiva/diagnóstico , Periodontite Agressiva/tratamento farmacológico , Periodontite Agressiva/genética , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Dentição Permanente , Humanos
6.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 24(7): 965-972, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34290170

RESUMO

Background: IL-13 is the key cytokine in the regulation of inflammatory with an autoimmune disease and has an anti-inflammatory effect. Aims: This study aimed to compare IL-13 (-1112 C/T and -1512 A/C) gene polymorphisms in patients with aggressive periodontitis (AgP), chronic periodontitis (CP), and periodontally healthy group (C) and evaluate the effect of nonsurgical periodontal therapy on gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) IL-13 levels in patients. Materials and Methods: One hundred thirty patients with AgP, 120 patients with CP, and 70 periodontally healthy subjects were included in this study. Clinical parameters were recorded (plaque and gingival index, probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level), and GCF and blood samples were taken at baseline and 6-week. Nonsurgical periodontal therapy was performed in patients with periodontitis. Gene analyses (IL-13 - 1112C/T (rs1800925) and - 1512 A/C (rs1881457) were performed with real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and cytokine levels were determined by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. Results: AgP and CP patients showed significant improvement in clinical parameters after periodontal therapy (P < 0.05). According to results, genotype distributions and allele frequencies in IL-13 variants - 1112C/T and - 1512 A/C were found similarly in all groups (P > 0.05). In the AgP group, GCF IL-13 cytokine level is statistically significant and increased in 6 weeks; however, in the CP group, there is no statistically significant difference between baseline and 6 week. In the AgP group, baseline GCF IL-13 cytokine level is lower than those of the CP group and C group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Within the limits of this study, IL-13 -1112 and -1512 gene polymorphisms have not been associated with AgP and CP, and GCF IL-13 cytokine level is increased after treatment in the AgP group.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Periodontite Crônica , Periodontite Agressiva/genética , Periodontite Agressiva/terapia , Periodontite Crônica/genética , Periodontite Crônica/terapia , Líquido do Sulco Gengival , Humanos , Interleucina-13/genética , Polimorfismo Genético
7.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 34: 102314, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limitations of scaling and root planing (SRP) have directed research to utilize additional therapies to enhance conventional techniques. The present systematic review was conducted to evaluate and present a comprehensive overview on effectiveness of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) in the management of aggressive periodontitis (AgP). METHODOLOGY: The PRISMA statement guidelines and Cochrane Collaboration recommendations were followed to conduct this systematic review. The review protocol is registered in PROSPERO (CRD 42019143316). A structured electronic and manual search strategy was implied to gather the relevant published data on in vivo human RCTs from their earliest records until 31st October 2019. Relevant data was extracted from the eligible studies, analysed and impartially appraised for its quality. RESULTS: Eleven papers met the eligibility criteria and included in this review. The data on standardized study protocol, ideal photosensitizer (PS) dye-wavelength combination, optimal parameters was inconclusive and a high risk of bias in majority of the studies noted, which are fundamental in establishing a standardized and replicable protocol. CONCLUSION: Ultimately researchers should conduct well-designed and robust RCTs performed by trained clinicians in order to determine the effectiveness of aPDT, if any, after acknowledging the drawbacks highlighted in this systematic review.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Anti-Infecciosos , Periodontite Crônica , Fotoquimioterapia , Periodontite Agressiva/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Periodontite Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Combinada , Raspagem Dentária , Humanos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Aplainamento Radicular
8.
Microbiome ; 9(1): 97, 2021 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33941275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although localized aggressive periodontitis (LAP), generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP), and chronic periodontitis (CP) are microbially driven diseases, our inability to separate disease-specific associations from those common to all three forms of periodontitis has hampered biomarker discovery. Therefore, we aimed to map the genomic content of, and the biological pathways encoded by, the microbiomes associated with these clinical phenotypes. We also estimated the extent to which these biomes are governed by the Anna Karenina principle (AKP), which states that eubiotic communities are similar between individuals while disease-associated communities are highly individualized. METHODS: We collected subgingival plaque from 25 periodontally healthy individuals and diseased sites of 59 subjects with stage 3 periodontitis and used shotgun metagenomics to characterize the aggregate of bacterial genes. RESULTS: Beta-dispersion metrics demonstrated that AKP was most evident in CP, followed by GAP and LAP. We discovered broad dysbiotic signatures spanning the three phenotypes, with over-representation of pathways that facilitate life in an oxygen-poor, protein- and heme-rich, pro-oxidant environment and enhance capacity for attachment and biofilm formation. Phenotype-specific indicators were more readily evident in LAP microbiome than GAP or CP. Genes that enable acetate-scavenging lifestyle, utilization of alternative nutritional sources, oxidative and nitrosative stress responses, and siderophore production were unique to LAP. An attenuation of virulence-related functionalities and stress response from LAP to GAP to CP was apparent. We also discovered that clinical phenotypes of disease resolved variance in the microbiome with greater clarity than the newly established grading system. Importantly, we observed that one third of the metagenome of LAP is unique to this phenotype while GAP shares significant functional and taxonomic features with both LAP and CP, suggesting either attenuation of an aggressive disease or an early-onset chronic disease. CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of a small sample size and a cross-sectional study design, the distinctive features of the microbiomes associated with LAP and CP strongly persuade us that these are discrete disease entities, while calling into question whether GAP is a separate disease, or an artifact induced by cross-sectional study designs. Further studies on phenotype-specific microbial genes are warranted to explicate their role in disease etiology. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Microbiota , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Metagenoma , Metagenômica , Microbiota/genética
9.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 629723, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33828997

RESUMO

The estimation of oral microbiome (OM) taxonomic composition in periodontally healthy individuals can often be biased because the clinically periodontally healthy subjects for evaluation can already experience dysbiosis. Usually, they are included just based on the absence of clinical signs of periodontitis. Additionally, the age of subjects is used to be higher to correspond well with tested groups of patients with chronic periodontitis, a disorder typically associated with aging. However, the dysbiosis of the OM precedes the clinical signs of the disease by many months or even years. The absence of periodontal pockets thus does not necessarily mean also good periodontal health and the obtained image of "healthy OM" can be distorted.To overcome this bias, we taxonomically characterized the OM in almost a hundred young students of dentistry with precise oral hygiene and no signs of periodontal disease. We compared the results with the OM composition of older periodontally healthy individuals and also a group of patients with severe periodontitis (aggressive periodontitis according to former classification system). The clustering analysis revealed not only two compact clearly separated clusters corresponding to each state of health, but also a group of samples forming an overlap between both well-pronounced states. Additionally, in the cluster of periodontally healthy samples, few outliers with atypical OM and two major stomatotypes could be distinguished, differing in the prevalence and relative abundance of two main bacterial genera: Streptococcus and Veillonella. We hypothesize that the two stomatotypes could represent the microbial succession from periodontal health to starting dysbiosis. The old and young periodontally healthy subjects do not cluster separately but a trend of the OM in older subjects to periodontitis is visible. Several bacterial genera were identified to be typically more abundant in older periodontally healthy subjects.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Periodontite Crônica , Microbiota , Idoso , Disbiose , Humanos , Bolsa Periodontal
10.
J Clin Periodontol ; 48(7): 896-906, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745150

RESUMO

AIM: To identify loci associated with stages III/IV, grade C periodontitis (PIII/IV-C) through a genome-wide association study (GWAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 441 Caucasian Spanish PIII/IV-C cases from the SEPA Network of Research Clinics and 1141 controls from the Banco Nacional de ADN were genotyped with "Axiom Spain Biobank Array," which contains 757836 markers, including rare and low-frequency Spanish variants. The analysis of the individual association and subsequently the gene-level analysis with Sequence Kernel Association Test (SKAT) were carried out adjusting for age, sex and PC1 covariates. Pathway Analysis was additionally performed with Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) software on the top associated genes. RESULTS: In the individual analyses, no genome-wide significant signals were detected. However, 8 SNPs of 8 loci reached suggestive evidence of association with PIII/IV-C, including FAT3 rs35709256, CSNK1G2 rs4807188, MYH13 rs2074872, CNTN2 rs116611488, ANTXR1 rs4854545, 8p23.2 rs78672540, ANGPT1 rs13439823 and PLEC rs11993287 (p < 5 × 10-6 ). SKAT analysis identified other interesting signals at CNTN2, FBXO44, AP1M2, RSPO4, KRI1, BPIFB1 and INMT, although their probability does not exceed the multiple-test correction. IPA indicated significant enrichment of pathways related to cAMP, IL-2, CD28, VDR/RXR and PI3K/Akt.  CONCLUSIONS: GWAS found no SNPs significantly associated with PIII/IV-C.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Periodontite Agressiva/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Espanha
11.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 62(1): 27-39, 2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33583878

RESUMO

Aggressive periodontitis during adolescence has a poor prognosis due to rapid alveolar bone resorption. Few studies have investigated long-term follow-up after surgical orthodontic treatment performed in conjunction with that for invasive periodontitis. Here, we report a case of mandibular prognathism accompanied by generalized aggressive periodontitis and crowding. A 31-year-old woman was referred to our department for treatment of masticatory dysfunction due to reverse overjet. The patient exhibited a class III molar relationship, protrusion of the ANB of -6.0°, and severe maxillary crowding. Initial periodontal examination revealed deep periodontal pockets and extensive inflammation. Mandibular prognathism accompanied by generalized aggressive periodontitis and crowding was diagnosed. Therefore, it was necessary to adopt an interdisciplinary approach involving surgical, orthodontic, and periodontal treatment. Prior to commencement of orthodontic treatment, plaque control, scaling, and root planing of all teeth were performed by a periodontist to suppress inflammation and reduce probing depth. During pre-surgical orthodontic treatment, the maxillary first premolars were extracted to reduce crowding of the maxillary incisors. To correct the mandibular prognathism, the mandible was repositioned by sagittal split ramus osteotomy. Proper occlusion of the incisors and maximum intercuspation were achieved by post-surgical orthodontic treatment. After completion of active orthodontic treatment, acceleration of inflammation was observed together with aggravated resorption of the alveolar bone surrounding the molars. However, reduction of probing depth and inflammation were observed after scaling and root planing. The surgical-orthodontic treatment time was 1 year and 11 months, which was followed by a 2-year retention period. There was no tooth loss due to periodontitis, and an overall satisfactory outcome was achieved.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle , Má Oclusão , Prognatismo , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/cirurgia , Mandíbula , Prognatismo/cirurgia
12.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(2)2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568405

RESUMO

Diagnosis of source of maxillofacial infection in paediatric patients can be challenging due to difficulty in eliciting a proper history and multiple potential sources of infection. Identification and removal of the nidus of infection with decompression and institution of antibiotic therapy as per the culture-sensitivity report form the mainstay treatment of the infection. Deviation from it may result in persistence or even progression of infection, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. In the past decade, the incidence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in the oral cavity has seen an upward trend. This has further led to an increase in complexity in the diagnosis of maxillofacial infections. In this case, the authors want to bring to light the challenges faced in managing a paediatric patient with persistent fascial space infection even after removal of the offending tooth, which signifies the importance of managing the infection by the time-tested protocol.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Clindamicina/uso terapêutico , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/cirurgia , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Estafilocócicas/cirurgia , Periodontite Agressiva/complicações , Periodontite Agressiva/fisiopatologia , Criança , Cárie Dentária/complicações , Cárie Dentária/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol ; 208: 105805, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486080

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a chronic periodontal disease that contributes to tooth loss. In recent years, many animal studies have reported that vitamin D (VitD) deficiency results in chronic periodontitis. However, no studies have reported cases of early-onset periodontitis with VitD deficiency. This study reports a 5-year-old male patient with early-onset periodontitis, VitD deficiency and VitD receptor (VDR) mutation. The patient was treated with VitD and calcium, and received systematic periodontal treatment. During the 12-year treatment, the periodontal conditions of this patient were stable. Our in vitro study found that VitD could promote the expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2), bone gamma-carboxyglutamate protein (BGLAP), and VDR in the early osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs). Meanwhile, VitD could downregulate mRNA expression levels of Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Interleukin-8 (IL-8), Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and protein levels of IL-6 in the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) -induced inflammation of PDLSCs. Therefore, sufficient VitD supply can be a potential treatment for VitD deficiency induced early-onset periodontitis.


Assuntos
Calcitriol/administração & dosagem , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores de Calcitriol/genética , Deficiência de Vitamina D/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Periodontite Agressiva/tratamento farmacológico , Periodontite Agressiva/genética , Periodontite Agressiva/patologia , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/genética , Masculino , Osteocalcina/genética , Ligamento Periodontal/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligamento Periodontal/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Vitamina D/metabolismo , Deficiência de Vitamina D/genética , Deficiência de Vitamina D/patologia
14.
Quintessence Int ; 0(0): 402-410, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33491386

RESUMO

Objective: The aim was to evaluate the efficacy of periodontal regenerative therapy using enamel matrix derivatives (EMDs) in aggressive periodontitis patients, and to determine the contribution of maintenance via periodic supportive periodontal treatment. Method and materials: In total, 28 patients were evaluated, comprising 74 intrabony sites. In 50 sites EMD gel was applied, and in 24 sites EMD was combined with deproteinized bovine xenograft. Patients were assigned to a supportive periodontal treatment program; 18 patients fulfilled the program, defined as the well-maintained (WM) group; 10 did not comply, defined as the nonmaintained (NM) group. Probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), and radiographic bone level (BL) were recorded. Data were compared presurgically (T0), 6 months postsurgery (T1), and 3 to 10 years posttreatment (T2). Results: Both surgical modalities achieved similar PD reduction, CAL gain, and BL gain, maintained over time. T1 to T2 showed a mean gain/loss of 0.21 ±â€¯0.5 mm and 0.04 ±â€¯1.1 mm, and -0.65 ±â€¯3.0 mm and -0.73 ±â€¯3.0 mm for PD and CAL, respectively, at the WM/NM groups, respectively. BL gain was 21.6% and 11.5% for the WM/NM groups, respectively (P < .05). The courses of the PD, CAL, and BL differed between the WM and NM groups during the observation periods (P < .05). Conclusion: Periodontal regeneration via EMD with/without the combination of deproteinized bovine xenograft can be maintained in aggressive periodontitis cases. It appears that periodic supportive periodontal treatment is a determinant factor in achieving this task.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Perda do Osso Alveolar , Proteínas do Esmalte Dentário , Retração Gengival , Periodontite Agressiva/cirurgia , Perda do Osso Alveolar/cirurgia , Animais , Bovinos , Seguimentos , Retração Gengival/cirurgia , Regeneração Tecidual Guiada Periodontal , Humanos , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/cirurgia , Bolsa Periodontal/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1357, 2021 01 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446688

RESUMO

Early acquisition of a pathogenic microbiota and the presence of dysbiosis in childhood is associated with susceptibility to and the familial aggregation of periodontitis. This longitudinal interventional case-control study aimed to evaluate the impact of parental periodontal disease on the acquisition of oral pathogens in their offspring. Subgingival plaque and clinical periodontal metrics were collected from 18 parents with a history of generalized aggressive periodontitis and their children (6-12 years of age), and 18 periodontally healthy parents and their parents at baseline and following professional oral prophylaxis. 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing revealed that parents were the primary source of the child's microbiome, affecting their microbial acquisition and diversity. Children of periodontitis parents were preferentially colonized by Filifactor alocis, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Streptococcus parasanguinis, Fusobacterium nucleatum and several species belonging to the genus Selenomonas even in the absence of periodontitis, and these species controlled inter-bacterial interactions. These pathogens also emerged as robust discriminators of the microbial signatures of children of parents with periodontitis. Plaque control did not modulate this pathogenic pattern, attesting to the microbiome's resistance to change once it has been established. This study highlights the critical role played by parental disease in microbial colonization patterns in their offspring and the early acquisition of periodontitis-related species and underscores the need for greater surveillance and preventive measures in families of periodontitis patients.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva/microbiologia , Bactérias/classificação , Disbiose/microbiologia , Microbiota , Adolescente , Adulto , Bactérias/genética , Criança , Feminino , Humanos
16.
J Periodontol ; 92(4): 507-513, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Host inflammatory mediators are associated with tissue destruction in patients suffering from generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP). However, the correlations between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) with GAgP remain unknown. METHODS: Periodontal clinical parameters, including probing depth (PD), bleeding index (BI) and attachment loss (AL) were collected from patients with GAgP and healthy controls. Complete blood cells analyses were obtained; further, NLR and PLR were calculated using neutrophil, platelet, and lymphocyte counts. Smooth curve fitting and segmented regression models were used to analyze the roles and predictive value of NLR with GAgP. RESULTS: In total, 505 participants from a Chinese population were recruited, including 133 healthy controls and 372 patients with GAgP. Periodontal clinical parameters, NLR, and neutrophil counts were significantly higher in patients with GAgP than the control group. Moreover, NLR was positively correlated with the risk and clinical parameters of GAgP. When NLR < 3, the risk of GAgP increased by 20.6% for each 0.1 increase in NLR, reaching saturation when NLR > 3. An increase in NLR equivalent to 1 was associated with an increase in PD, BI, and AL by 0.41 mm, 0.26, and 0.57 mm, respectively. Notably, PLR did not show obvious correlations with GAgP. CONCLUSIONS: NLR but not PLR may be a potential marker to identify GAgP in healthy individuals, particularly in a Chinese population.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Plaquetas , China , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos , Neutrófilos , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 33: 102075, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157325

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the present clinical trial was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) as an adjunct to open flap debridement (OFD) in the treatment of generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects recruited for the study were divided into two groups: 'control group' received treatment through OFD, whereas the test participants were treated with OFD and adjunctive PDT. The clinical periodontal parameters were plaque index (PI), full mouth probing depth (FMPD) and full mouth relative attachment loss (FMRA). The microbial levels of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa), Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) and Tannarella forsythia (Tf) were analyzed. All parameters were assessed at baseline and 3 months. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The observed values for all the parameters were reported in mean and standard deviation (mean ± SD). In order to analyse the mean values and inter-group comparisons, the Mann-Whitney U test was employed. The p-value was set at <0.05 to establish a significant difference among the reported values. RESULTS: A statistically significant improvement for BOP was observed in PDT group in comparison to the control group at 3 months only (p < 0.05). A significant reduction in the microbiological levels for Aa, Pg and Tf in both the study groups was observed. However, no significant differences in microbial levels were observed at any time point when the control and test groups were compared to each other. CONCLUSION: PDT in conjuction with OFD plays a significant role in reducing the microbial load and improving the clinical periodontal parameters in patients with GAP. Moreover, it is regarded as a safe treatment regimen as no side effects have been reported regarding its use in GAP.


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Periodontite Crônica , Fotoquimioterapia , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Periodontite Agressiva/terapia , Periodontite Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Desbridamento , Raspagem Dentária , Seguimentos , Humanos , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Clin Periodontol ; 48(2): 237-248, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33205510

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the local immunoinflammatory profiles in localized aggressive periodontitis patients (LAP) before and after periodontal treatment and maintenance. METHODS: Sixty-six African-Americans with LAP (7-21 years old) were included. After periodontal examination, all patients received periodontal treatment with mechanical debridement plus systemic amoxicillin/metronidazole for 7 days. Gingival crevicular fluid was collected from diseased and healthy sites at baseline and 3, 6, 12, and 24 months following treatment. Levels of 16 inflammatory/bone resorption markers were determined using Milliplex® . Univariate and correlation analyses were performed among all parameters/biomarkers. Discriminant analyses (DA) evaluated profile differences between LAP diseased and healthy sites at each time point as compared to the baseline. RESULTS: Reductions in the clinical parameters (except for visible plaque) were observed at all time points compared to the baseline. Levels of IL-12p70, IL-2, IL-6, MIP-1α, RANKL, and OPG were reduced after treatment, and several cytokines/chemokines were correlated with clinical parameters reductions. DA showed that differences in the immunoinflammatory profiles between LAP diseased and healthy sites decreased after periodontal treatment compared to the baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Periodontal treatment modified the local immunoinflammatory profile of LAP sites in the long term, as suggested by changes in biomarkers from baseline, along with clinical stability of the disease. (Clinicaltrials.gov number, NCT01330719).


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva , Adolescente , Adulto , Periodontite Agressiva/terapia , Amoxicilina/uso terapêutico , Quimiocinas , Criança , Citocinas/análise , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/química , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(1): 1-7, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1145574

RESUMO

Generalized stage IV, grade C periodontitis results in rapid bone destruction in the periodontium and can lead to early tooth loss. Scaling and root planing (SRP) complemented by systemic antibiotics, access surgery, regenerative techniques and implant placement are among the treatments used for patients with this condition. The aim of this article is to report a comprehensive periodontal treatment in a 23-year-old male who was referred to the periodontology department due to complaints of tooth mobility and gum infections diagnosed with generalized stage IV, grade C periodontitis according to the clinical, systemic, and family history features observed. Thorough non-surgical periodontal treatment consisting of scaling and root planing was provided, followed by a series of regenerative periodontal surgeries including guided tissue regeneration (GTR) and guided bone regeneration(GBR) to manage advanced bone defects. Six months after periodontal therapy, all implants were inserted using a one-stage approach and Six months later, they were restored with porcelain fused to metal crowns. During the one and two-year follow-ups, the teeth and implants did not show any signs of instability, attachment loss or bone loss. This case report shows that within the limitations of this study a successful outcome can be achieved with an early diagnosis and treatment involving elimination of infectious microorganisms and meticulous long-term maintenance combined with regenerative techniques and implant placement to restore the masticatory function and improve the quality of life for the patient. However further investigation and clinical studies are required to confirm these results (AU)


A periodontite generalizada estágio IV, grau C resulta em rápida destruição óssea do periodonto, podendo levar à perda dentária precoce. Raspagem e aplainamento radicular (SRP) complementada com antibióticos sistêmicos, acessos cirúrgicos, técnicas regenerativas e colocação de implantes estão entre os tratamentos usados para essa condição. O objetivo deste artigo é relatar o tratamento periodontal abrangente de um paciente de 23 anos, que foi encaminhado ao departamento de periodontia com queixas de mobilidade dentária e infecções gengivais, diagnosticado com periodontite generalizada estágio IV, grau C de acordo com as características clínicas, sistêmicas e de histórico familiar observadas. O tratamento periodontal não cirúrgico completo de raspagem e aplainamento radicular foi realizado, seguido por cirurgias periodontais regenerativas, incluindo regeneração tecidual guiada (GTR) e regeneração óssea guiada (GBR) para tratar defeitos ósseos avançados. Seis meses após a terapia periodontal, todos os implantes foram inseridos através de abordagem de estágio único e, seis meses depois, foram restaurados com porcelana fundida às coroas de metal. Durante os acompanhamentos de um e dois anos, os dentes e implantes não mostraram quaisquer sinais de instabilidade, perda de inserção ou perda óssea. Este relato mostra que, dentro das limitações deste estudo, um resultado bem-sucedido pode ser alcançado a partir de diagnóstico precoce e tratamento envolvendo a eliminação de microrganismos e manutenção meticulosa à longo prazo, combinada com técnicas regenerativas e colocação de implantes para restaurar a função mastigatória e melhorar a qualidade de vida do paciente. No entanto, mais investigações e estudos clínicos são necessários para confirmar esses resultados (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Periodontite , Periodontite Agressiva , Regeneração Óssea , Implantes Dentários
20.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 121(11): 796-800, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164540

RESUMO

AIM: Horizontally impacted mandibular molars may cause loss of bone, and development of periodontal pockets on the distal root surface of adjacent second molars. The reported patient was confirmed to have aggressive periodontitis. The aim of this presentation is to describe a novel view of a complex treatment approach to promote periodontal healing in a patient. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study presents the results of a patient with generalized aggressive periodontitis, horizontally impacted left third mandibular molar, and a second molar with a deep periodontal pocket. The treatment concept was recommended based on the idea of "one-stage treatment". The removal of the third molar was followed by deep scaling and root planing, and the xenogenic grafting material was placed on the bone defect. The flap completely covered the wound. The patient received systemic antibiotics. RESULTS: The probing pocket depth was 9 mm before surgical treatment and 0-2 mm 1, 5, and 10 years postoperatively. The radiographic bone level was 50 % before surgery and 100 % after the surgical approach. CONCLUSION: This presentation with a 10-year follow-up describes the implementation of one-stage treatment management to promote periodontal healing in a patient via full-mouth periodontal and surgical therapy (Fig. 4, Ref. 33).


Assuntos
Periodontite Agressiva/cirurgia , Perda do Osso Alveolar/cirurgia , Humanos , Mandíbula , Dente Serotino/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Bolsa Periodontal/cirurgia , Extração Dentária
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