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1.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19006, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347995

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the association of localized periodontitis with proteinuria in 1281 military young adults in Taiwan. Localized periodontitis was classified as Healthy/Stage I (N = 928) or Stage II/III (N = 353). Stage 2 chronic kidney disease (CKD) was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 60-89 mL/min/1.73 m2. Proteinuria was defined as protein levels of 2+ or 3+ on the dipstick test. Multiple logistic regression analysis with adjustments for age, sex, body mass index, remaining teeth number and other potential covariates were used to determine the association between localized Stage II/III periodontitis and dipstick proteinuria in patients with and without CKD. Localized stage II/III periodontitis was associated with a higher risk of dipstick proteinuria [odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval: 1.89 (1.04-3.42)], but not with stage 2 CKD. However, the association between localized stage II/III periodontitis and dipstick proteinuria was observed only in patients with stage 2 CKD [OR: 3.80 (1.56-9.27)], while the association was null in participants without stage 2 CKD [OR: 1.02 (0.42-2.45)]. Our findings suggest that among young adults, especially those with a mildly impaired eGFR, localized periodontitis might contribute to acute or chronic kidney injury, which manifests as proteinuria.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Saúde Bucal , Proteinúria/complicações , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Rim , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19139, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36352004

RESUMO

The associations of mental stress with decayed teeth in children and periodontitis in old-aged adults have been described. However, the associations for young adults were not clear. This study aimed to examine the associations of decayed teeth and localized periodontitis with mental stress in young adults. This study included 334 military recruiters, aged 19-45 years in Taiwan. Mental stress was assessed by the brief symptom rating scale-5 (BSRS-5), including five domains: anxiety, depression, hostility, interpersonal sensitivity and insomnia (maximum score of 20). Those with symptomatic mental stress were defined as having BSRS-5 > 5 (n = 34). Multiple linear and logistic regression models were used to determine the associations of decayed tooth numbers and periodontitis with BSRS-5, with adjustments for age, sex, education level, physical activity, body weight category and smoking status. The BSRS-5 was positively correlated with decayed tooth numbers [ß: 0.26 (95% confidence interval: 0.01-0.52)]. Those who had more than two decayed teeth [odds ratio: 3.59 (1.52-8.46)] had a higher risk of symptomatic mental stress. In contrast, the correlation between BSRS-5 and localized severer periodontitis was null. Our study recommended that decayed teeth instead of localized periodontitis, was a risk factor for mental stress in young adults.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Periodontite , Criança , Adulto Jovem , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Transversais , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Ansiedade
3.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 999455, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353241

RESUMO

Background: A previous 2014 meta-analysis reported a positive association between obesity and periodontitis. It was considered necessary to update the recently published papers and to analyse subgroups on important clinical variables that could affect the association between obesity and periodontitis. Therefore, we updated the latest studies and attempted to derive more refined results. Methods: All observational studies were eligible for inclusion. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to qualitatively evaluate the risk of bias. Subgroup analyses were conducted for patients aged 18-34, 35-54, and 55+ years and the countries (European countries, USA, Brazil, Japan, Korea, and other Asian countries). Results: Thirty-seven full-text articles were included. Obesity conferred increased odds of periodontal disease with an odds ratio (1.35, 95% CI: 1.05-1.75). In the subgroup analysis by age, the odds ratio was the highest in the 18-34 years group (2.21, 95% CI: 1.26-3.89). In the subgroup analysis by country, European countries had the highest odds ratio (2.46, 95% CI: 1.11-5.46). Conclusion: Despite the differences in degree, a positive association between obesity and periodontitis was found regardless of country or age. Therefore, medical professionals should try to prevent periodontitis by controlling patient weights, and more studies should be conducted to determine the association between obesity and oral health. Systematic Review Registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/, identifier CRD42022301343.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Razão de Chances , Peso Corporal , Brasil
4.
Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ) ; 20(77): 87-92, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36273298

RESUMO

Background Type 2 diabetes is an escalating health problem in Nepal and it holds a strong bidirectional Inter relationship with periodontitis. However, lack of its knowledge and motivation among patients may deteriorate and complicate their condition. Objective To assess knowledge among general population regarding the relation between diabetes and periodontitis and to evaluate the role of dentists and physicians in suggesting the diabetic patients for oral health care. Method A cross-sectional study was conducted among the patients visiting Department of Periodontics, Gandaki Medical College. A total 422 patients were interviewed using a set of pretested questionnaire and at the end they were counselled about the impact of diabetes mellitus on periodontal status and vice versa. Result Majority of the patients 257 (60.9%) had no idea about the interrelation between periodontitis and diabetes mellitus. Almost all the patients 363 (86.02%) assumed that poor oral health cannot increase the risk of developing diabetes and amongst those who had knowledge about this relation, the major source of information was their diabetic friends and relatives 46 (10.9%) and other sources such as syllabus 46 (10.9%). Only handful of patients 30 (7.10%) were informed about the relation by their dentist. Ironically, none of them were provided information about the interrelation by their treating physician. Conclusion Overall, only few participants had knowledge about the bidirectional relation between periodontitis and diabetes. Hence, our findings support the greater need for more targeted and specific health education along with close collaboration between dentists and physicians.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Periodontite , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Odontólogos , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontia
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36294214

RESUMO

We aimed to estimate the geographical distribution of periodontitis prevalence and risk based on sociodemographic and economic data. This study used sociodemographic, economic, and health services data obtained from a regional survey and governmental open data sources. Information was gathered for all 308 Portuguese municipalities and compiled in a large set of 52 variables. We employed principal component analysis (PCA), factor analysis (FA) and clustering techniques to model the Portuguese nationwide geographical distribution of the disease. Estimation of periodontitis risk for each municipality was achieved by calculation of a normalized score, obtained as an adjusted linear combination of six independent factors that were extracted through PCA/FA. The municipalities were also classified according to a quartile-based risk grade in each cluster. Additionally, linear regression was used to estimate the periodontitis prevalence within the peri-urban municipality clusters, accounting for 30.5% of the Portuguese population. A total of nine municipality clusters were obtained with the following characteristics: mainly rural/low populated, including small villages (one), partly rural, including small cities (two), mainly urban/peri-urban, including medium-sized to large cities (4), and urban/large cities (2). Within the clusters, a higher periodontitis risk was identified for municipalities with lower income, older populations. The estimated periodontitis prevalence for the 18 municipalities included in the four peri-urban clusters ranged from 41.2% to 69.0%. Periodontitis prevalence estimates range from 41.2% to 69.0% for the municipalities characterized as peri-urban and mainly urban, most of them located in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area, the tenth largest in Europe.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Humanos , Prevalência , Portugal/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Mineração de Dados
6.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 20(1): 363-368, 2022 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36259439

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the possible association between periodontitis and preterm birth in Ivory Coast. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study including 446 volunteers (pregnant women) aged 15-50 years was performed in the Gynecology-Obstetrics Department of the University Hospital Center of Cocody-Abidjan in Ivory Coast. Socioeconomic and periodontal status was obtained during pregnancy. After delivery, obstetric data was collected. Periodontitis was diagnosed according to the new 2018 EFP/AAP classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions, as follows: a subject presenting with interdental CAL at two non-adjacent teeth or buccal/oral CAL ≥ 3 mm with pocketing > 3 mm was diagnosed with periodontitis. Any birth before the 37th week was considered a preterm birth (PTB). RESULTS: The prevalence of periodontitis and preterm birth were 59.47% and 18.34%, respectively. Periodontitis was mainly stage 1. PTB was statistically significantly higher in pregnant women with periodontitis compared to women without periodontitis (p = 0.0002). Multivariate analysis showed that periodontitis was associated with PTB (p = 0.0002). Logistic regression showed that periodontitis is a risk factor for preterm birth (OR = 3.62; 95% CI: 1.80-7.31; p = 0.0003). CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that periodontitis is an additional risk factor for preterm birth in Ivory Coast.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Nascimento Prematuro , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Humanos , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Estudos de Coortes , Gestantes , Costa do Marfim/epidemiologia , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36231983

RESUMO

There is inconclusive evidence about the link between the severity and prevalence of periodontitis in obese adults. Therefore, this systematic review aims to explore the possibility of significant evidence on the association between obesity and periodontitis and to determine the necessity to consider obesity as a risk factor for periodontitis. We followed the PRISMA protocol, and studies that met the eligibility criteria were included in this review. The risk of bias in individual studies was also evaluated. This review included 15 observational studies (9 cross-sectional studies, 2 case-control, and 4 cohort studies). The total study subjects from these studies were 6603 (males = 3432; females = 3171). Most studies showed a significant association between obesity and periodontitis. Among these studies, a few showed obese females to be at a higher risk, and one study found no association between obesity and periodontal disease at all. Based on the evidence obtained from this review, the body mass index (BMI) should be routinely assessed in patients to assess the risk for periodontal disease and to offer personalized management of periodontitis. Based on the findings of this review, we recommend the need to initiate awareness among clinicians and implement dental hygiene care prevention measures for obese patients.


Assuntos
Doenças Periodontais , Periodontite , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Doenças Periodontais/complicações , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
8.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0276375, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36269741

RESUMO

We investigated the associations between periodontal inflammation (gingivitis and periodontitis) and all-kind malignancies, specifically breast and prostate cancer, in a cohort followed-up for 30 years. The study hypothesis was based on the oral inflammation vs. systemic health paradigm. A sample of 2,168 subjects from an original cohort of 105,718 individuals from the greater Stockholm area in Sweden that had been followed since 1985 was investigated. Swedish national health registers were used in the study. Chi-square tests and logistic multiple regression analyses were conducted. The results showed that periodontitis was significantly associated with any cancer after adjusting for gender, age, income, and education (p = 0.015). The probability of getting cancer increased on average by 38% if the patient had periodontitis vs. had not; the odds ratio was 1.380 (95% confidence interval l.066-1.786). No significant association was observed between periodontitis and breast cancer (p = 0.608), while the association between periodontitis and prostate cancer tended towards significance (p = 0.082). However, no statistically significant difference was found between the observed and the calculated distribution of any cancer in gingivitis groups (p = 0.079). Thus, the study hypothesis was partly confirmed by showing a statistically significant association between periodontitis and any cancer.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Periodontite , Neoplasias da Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Prevalência , Gengivite/complicações , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/complicações , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia
9.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 970575, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204099

RESUMO

Background: Low klotho is associated with aging-related traits. However, no study has assessed the association between klotho and oral health in a large sample of population. This study aimed to explore the association between serum α-klotho and oral health in US Adults. Methods: Data were from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Oral health parameters included periodontitis, self-rated oral health, and tooth loss. Logistic regression and restricted cubic spline models were adopted to evaluate the associations. Results: A total of 6187 participants were included in the study. The median of the α-klotho level was 815.2 pg/mL. Serum α-Klotho was significantly lower in participants with poor oral health (all P <0.01). Compared with the highest tertile, the lowest tertile of α-klotho was associated with moderate/severe periodontitis, poor-rated oral health, and tooth loss, with OR (95% CI) being 1.21 (1.01, 1.48), 1.26 (1.01, 1.56) and 1.38 (1.05, 1.84), respectively. An increment of per 1 standard deviation in the α-klotho concentration was associated with lower odds of moderate/severe periodontitis (OR: 0.93; 95% CI: 0.87, 0.99). Linear dose-response relationships were found between α-klotho and the odds of moderate/severe periodontitis (P for non-linearity=0.88) and poor-rated oral health (P for non-linearity=0.66). An L-shaped dose-response relationship was found between levels of α-klotho and the odds of tooth loss (P for non-linearity=0.04). Conclusions: Serum α-klotho was associated with oral health. Further studies are necessary to clarify the potential mechanisms and demonstrate the predictive ability of klotho in oral diseases.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Perda de Dente , Adulto , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Saúde Bucal , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia
10.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 934298, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36189359

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the cultivable oral microbiota of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and its association with the periodontal condition. Methods: The epidemiology profile of patients and their clinical oral characteristics were determined. The microbiota was collected from saliva, subgingival plaque, and gingival sulcus of 93 patients classified into four groups according to the periodontal and clinical diagnosis: Group 1 (n = 25), healthy patients; Group 2 (n = 17), patients with periodontitis and without OSA; Group 3 (n = 19), patients with OSA and without periodontitis; and Group 4 (n = 32), patients with periodontitis and OSA. Microbiological samples were cultured, classified, characterized macroscopically and microscopically, and identified by MALDI-TOF-MS. The distribution of complexes and categories of microorganisms and correlations were established for inter- and intra-group of patients and statistically evaluated using the Spearman r test (p-value <0.5) and a multidimensional grouping analysis. Result: There was no evidence between the severity of OSA and periodontitis (p = 0.2813). However, there is a relationship between the stage of periodontitis and OSA (p = 0.0157), with stage III periodontitis being the one with the highest presence in patients with severe OSA (prevalence of 75%; p = 0.0157), with more cases in men. The greatest distribution of the complexes and categories was found in oral samples of patients with periodontitis and OSA (Group 4 P-OSA); even Candida spp. were more prevalent in these patients. Periodontitis and OSA are associated with comorbidities and oral conditions, and the microorganisms of the orange and red complexes participate in this association. The formation of the dysbiotic biofilm was mainly related to the presence of these complexes in association with Candida spp. Conclusion: Periodontopathogenic bacteria of the orange complex, such as Prevotella melaninogenica, and the yeast Candida albicans, altered the cultivable oral microbiota of patients with periodontitis and OSA in terms of diversity, possibly increasing the severity of periodontal disease. The link between yeasts and periodontopathogenic bacteria could help explain why people with severe OSA have such a high risk of stage III periodontitis. Antimicrobial approaches for treating periodontitis in individuals with OSA could be investigated in vitro using polymicrobial biofilms, according to our findings.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Candida , Candida albicans , Causalidade , Gengiva/microbiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/epidemiologia
11.
Swiss Dent J ; 132(11): 764-779, 2022 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047013

RESUMO

More than 740 million people worldwide are affected by periodontal disease and are at higher risk of secondary damage such as cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, which place a considerable financial burden on healthcare systems. The aim of this study was to use a computer simulation to estimate the direct and indirect costs of prevention and treatment of gingivitis, periodontitis and related secondary damage in the Swiss population, paid both out of pocket (OOP) and from social welfare (SW). For three different scenarios, iterations with 200,000 simulated individuals over their assumed life span of 35 to 100 years corresponded to a period of four months in which an individual could move from one periodontal condition to the next, each associated with presumed direct and indirect treatment costs. Appropriate diagnosis and adherence to professional periodontal care had a strong benefit saving up to CHF 5.94 billion OOP and CHF 1.03 billion SW costs for the current Swiss population. Considering direct and indirect health care costs, the total expected costs for a 35-year-old individual until death were CHF 17'310 with minimal care and CHF 15'606 with optimal care, resulting in savings of CHF 1'704. In conclusion, early detection and appropriate treatment of periodontitis can help to reduce both overall costs of treating periodontitis and associated secondary damage, especially in the second half of life. These cost savings may further pay off on an individual level through regular supportive periodontal care, both for treatments paid out-of-pocket and those covered by social welfare.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Doenças Periodontais , Periodontite , Humanos , Adulto , Redução de Custos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Simulação por Computador , Suíça , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Doenças Periodontais/terapia , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/terapia
12.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1662, 2022 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056348

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Large-scale population-based studies regarding the role of education in periodontitis are lacking. Thus, the aim of the current study was to analyze the potential association between education and periodontitis with state of the art measured clinical phenotypes within a large population-based sample from northern Germany. MATERIAL & METHODS: The Hamburg City Health Study (HCHS) is a population-based cohort study registered at ClinicalTrial.gov (NCT03934957). Oral health was assessed via plaque-index, probing depth, gingival recession and gingival bleeding. Periodontitis was classified according to Eke & Page. Education level was determined using the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED-97) further categorized in "low, medium or high" education. Analyses for descriptive models were stratified by periodontitis severity. Ordinal logistic regression models were stepwise constructed to test for hypotheses. RESULTS: Within the first cohort of 10,000 participants, we identified 1,453 with none/mild, 3,580 with moderate, and 1,176 with severe periodontitis. Ordinal regression analyses adjusted for co-variables (age, sex, smoking, diabetes, hypertension and migration) showed that the education level (low vs. high) was significantly associated with periodontitis (OR: 1.33, 95% CI: 1.18;1.47). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the current study revealed a significant association between the education level and periodontitis after adjustments for a set of confounders. Further research is needed to develop strategies to overcome education related deficits in oral and periodontal health.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Estudos de Coortes , Escolaridade , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Fumar
13.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 384, 2022 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064391

RESUMO

AIM: Oral health and ocular diseases may be associated with collagen defects and inflammation status. However, the results from prior studies are conflicting. The aim of this study was to explore the association of dental caries and periodontitis with myopia in young adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 938 military personnel aged 19-39 years receiving both oral and eye examinations from 2018 through 2020 were included in this study in Taiwan. The severity of myopia was graded as no myopia (diopters > - 0.5, N = 459), low myopia (diopters: - 0.5 to -5.9, N = 225) and high myopia (diopters ≤ - 6.0, N = 254). A multiple logistic regression analysis with adjustments for age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, smoking, alcohol consumption, missing teeth numbers, blood leucocyte counts, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein, and uric acid were used to determine the associations of actively dental caries, filled teeth and stage II/III periodontitis with myopia. RESULTS: The presence of any actively dental caries was significantly associated with a higher risk of any myopia (low or high) (odds ratio [OR] and 95% confidence intervals [95% CI] 1.42 [1.04-1.94]), whereas there was no association for filled teeth. Moreover, the association for stage II/III periodontitis was only observed with high myopia (OR: 1.52 [1.07-2.15]) and was not observed with low myopia. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that only actively dental caries and a higher severity of periodontitis were associated with myopia among young adults, thus highlighting the dental inflammation status in the oral cavity as a potential link to ocular diseases.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Periodontite , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/complicações , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Humanos , Inflamação , Saúde Bucal , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 390, 2022 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether periodontitis is associated with dietary vitamin C intake, using data from The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2014. METHODS: The study included 5145 adults (age ≥ 30 years) with periodontitis as a dichotomous variable and daily intake of vitamin C as a continuous variable. Multiple sets of covariates, such as age, sex, number of flossing, etc., were selected. Using EmpowerStats version 3.0, multivariate logistic regression analysis and hierarchical analysis were performed on the data, and curve fitting graphs were made. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences (P > 0.05) between the four dietary vitamin C intake groups (quartiles, Q1-Q4) and covariates (drinking alcohol and hypertension). The low VC intake group (Q1) was more prone to periodontitis than Q2, Q3, and Q4 (all OR < 1.00). A threshold nonlinear association was found between vitamin C (mg) log10 transformation and periodontitis in a generalized additive model (GAM) (P = 0.01). CONCLUSION: The relationship between dietary vitamin C intake and the likelihood of periodontitis was non-linear. The smallest periodontitis index occurred when dietary vitamin C intake was 158.49 mg. Too little or too much vitamin C intake increases periodontitis.


Assuntos
Dieta , Periodontite , Adulto , Ácido Ascórbico/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Estado Nutricional , Periodontite/epidemiologia
15.
Nutrients ; 14(18)2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36145111

RESUMO

The association between periodontitis and lifestyle factors has been widely investigated. However, an association between periodontitis and dietary patterns has not been explored. Therefore, this study investigated the association between periodontitis and food consumption among a Southern Brazil population. Data from the 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort were used (n = 537). The exposure, periodontitis, was clinically measured and classified using the AAP/CDC system, then two latent variables were defined: 'initial' and 'moderate/severe' periodontitis. The consumption of in natura, processed, and ultra-processed foods (NOVA classification) was the outcome and measured in calories using the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Confounders were sex, maternal education, smoking status, xerostomia, and halitosis. Data were analyzed by structural equation modeling. 'Initial' periodontitis was associated with a higher consumption of in natura food (standardized coefficient (SC) 0.102; p-value = 0.040), versus processed (SC 0.078; p-value = 0.129) and ultra-processed (SC 0.043; p-value = 0.400) foods. 'Moderate/severe' periodontitis was associated with higher consumption of ultra-processed foods (SC 0.108; p-value = 0.024), versus processed (SC 0.093; p-value = 0.053) and in natura (SC 0.014; p-value = 0.762) foods. 'Moderate/severe' periodontitis appears to be associated with the consumption of processed and ultra-processed foods.


Assuntos
Fast Foods , Periodontite , Brasil/epidemiologia , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Ingestão de Energia , Fast Foods/efeitos adversos , Manipulação de Alimentos , Humanos , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/etiologia
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078312

RESUMO

This study used data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2014-2015 database to analyze the association between periodontitis and handgrip strength, a representative measure of hand impairment and function, in adults aged ≥30 years. The data of 5926 adults (male: 2766, females: 3160) who underwent handgrip strength and periodontal tissue examination and had neither rheumatoid arthritis nor osteoarthritis were analyzed. Handgrip strength was assessed using a digital grip strength dynamometer. The average values of the right handgrip strength, calculated separately by sex and age group (five 10-year age groups), were used as the cut-off for reduced handgrip strength. Periodontal status was evaluated using the Community Periodontal Index, defining scores ≥ 3 as periodontitis. Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to compare the differences in the prevalence of periodontitis according to handgrip strength. In the final regression model adjusted for risk factors for periodontitis, the likelihood of periodontitis decreased as the level of handgrip strength increased (p < 0.05). Therefore, this study suggests that handgrip strength may be a valuable indicator of periodontal health.


Assuntos
Força da Mão , Periodontite , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Periodontite/epidemiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia
17.
Front Immunol ; 13: 979675, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36159848

RESUMO

Background: Oxidative stress has been implicated in many chronic inflammatory diseases, including periodontitis. To date, however, only a few bibliometric analyses have systematically studied this field. This work sought to visualize research hot spots and trends in oxidative stress associated with periodontitis from 1987 to 2022 through bibliometric approaches. Methods: The Web of Science Core Collection was searched to retrieve relevant publications. HistCite, VOSviewer, and CiteSpace were used to perform bibliometric analysis visually in terms of annual output, active countries, prolific institutions, authors, core journals, co-cited references, and co-occurrence of keywords. Results: A total of 1654 documents were selected for analysis. From 1 January 1987 to 11 June 2022, the number of annual publications related to oxidative stress in periodontitis exhibited an upward trend. The most prolific country was China with 322 documents, but the United States had 11334 citations. Okayama University, University of Birmingham, and Sichuan University were the most active and contributive institutions. The Journal of Periodontology ranked first in terms of numbers of publications and citations. Ekuni was the most prolific author, while Chapple ranked first among co-cited authors. The Role of Reactive Oxygen and Antioxidant Species in Periodontal Tissue Destruction published by Chapple was the most frequently co-cited reference. Keywords co-occurrence showed that oxidative stress was closely related to inflammation, antioxidants, and diabetes. Conclusion: Our research found that global publications regarding research on oxidative stress associated with periodontitis increased dramatically and were expected to continue increasing. Inflammation and oxidative stress, and the relationship between periodontitis and systemic diseases, are topics worthy of attention.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Periodontite , Bibliometria , Humanos , Inflamação , Estresse Oxidativo , Oxigênio , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos
18.
Eur J Med Res ; 27(1): 181, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114562

RESUMO

AIM: Aim of this study was to investigate the association between periodontitis and arterial hypertension, both of which show correlations with classical cardiovascular risk factors and inflammatory activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of data from a large population-based health survey (the Hamburg City Health Study, HCHS) including 5934 participants with complete periodontal examination and blood pressure data, of whom 5735 had medical records regarding anti-hypertensive medication, was performed. Probing depths, gingival recessions, bleeding on probing (BOP), dental plaque, and decayed-missing-filled teeth (DMFT) indices were recorded as measures of oral health. Clinical attachment loss (CAL) per tooth was calculated and periodontitis was staged into three groups (no/mild, moderate, severe). Arterial hypertension was diagnosed based on the participants' medication history and systolic and diastolic blood pressure values. Logistic regression models were constructed accounting for a set of potential confounders (age, sex, smoking, body mass index (BMI), diabetes, educational level, alcohol intake) and high sensitivity-C-reactive protein (hsCRP). RESULTS: The odds of arterial hypertension increased significantly along with periodontitis severity (OR for severe periodontitis: 2.19; 95% CI 1.85-2.59; p < 0.001; OR for moderate periodontitis: 1.65; 95% CI 1.45-1.87; p < 0.001). Participants with moderate or severe periodontitis also had significantly higher age- and sex-adjusted odds of arterial hypertension, which was slightly weakened when additionally adjusted for BMI, diabetes, smoking, educational level, and alcohol intake (OR for severe PD: 1.28, 95% CI 1.04-1.59, p = 0.02; OR for moderate PD: 1.30, 95% CI 1.11-1.52, p = 0.001). The fraction of participants with undertreated hypertension (untreated and poorly controlled hypertension) was considerably larger in participants with severe periodontitis than in those with no/mild periodontitis (50.1% vs. 37.4% for no/mild periodontitis). CONCLUSIONS: The study shows an association between periodontitis and arterial hypertension that is independent of age, sex, diabetes, BMI, smoking, educational level, and alcohol intake. In addition, undertreatment of hypertension was more common in people with severe periodontitis compared with periodontally more healthy people.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Hipertensão , Periodontite , Anti-Hipertensivos , Proteína C-Reativa , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia
20.
Clin Exp Dent Res ; 8(5): 1021-1027, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35932180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During the pandemic of COVID-19, the scientific community tried to identify the risk factors that aggravate the viral infection. Oral health and specifically periodontitis have been shown to have a significant impact on overall health. Current, yet limited, evidence suggests a link between periodontal status and severity of COVID-19 infection. OBJECTIVES: The present pilot study aimed to assess whether younger patients (≤60 years) that have been hospitalized in the intensive care unit (ICU) for severe COVID-19 infection were susceptible to severe periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All dentate patients ≤60 years of age diagnosed with COVID-19 and surviving hospitalization in the ICU were considered for inclusion. Susceptibility to periodontitis was determined by assessing radiographic bone loss (RBL) in recent dental radiographs (posterior bitewings, periapical, and panoramic X-rays). RBL in % was obtained from the most affected tooth and patients were classified into: Stage I, RBL ≤ 15%; Stage II, RBL = 15%-33% and Stage III/IV, RBL ≥ 33%. The grade was defined using the RBL to age ratio on the most severely affected tooth. Patients were attributed to: Grade A, ratio <0.25; Grade B, ratio 0.25-1 and Grade C, ratio >1. Patients classified into Stage III/IV and Grade C were considered highly susceptible to periodontitis. RESULTS: Of 87 eligible patients, 30 patients were finally assessed radiographically and/or clinically; from the remaining 57 patients, 16 refused participation for various reasons and 41 could not be reached. Based on the radiographic assessment, all patients were periodontally compromised. Half of them were classified with Stage III/IV and Grade B or C; 26.7% were classified with Stage III/IV and Grade C. CONCLUSIONS: The present pilot study showed that about half of the patients suffering from severe forms of COVID-19 infection in need of ICU admission suffered also from severe periodontitis, and about one-fourth of them were highly susceptible to it.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Periodontite , Dente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , COVID-19/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/diagnóstico por imagem , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Projetos Piloto
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