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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21423, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756145

RESUMO

Whether periodontitis is a risk factor for developing bipolar disorders (BD) has not been investigated. We aimed to determine whether periodontitis is associated with the subsequent development of BD and examine the risk factors for BD among patients with periodontitis.Using ambulatory and inpatient claims data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), we identified 12,337 patients who were aged at least 20 years and newly diagnosed with periodontitis between 2000 and 2004. The date of the first claim with a periodontitis diagnosis was set as the index date. For each patient with periodontitis, 4 subjects without a history of periodontitis were randomly selected from the NHIRD and frequency-matched with the patients with periodontitis according to sex, age (in 5-year bands), and index year.The periodontitis group had a mean age of 44.0 ±â€Š13.7 years and slight predominance of men (51.3%). Compared with the subjects without periodontitis, the patients with periodontitis had higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, ischemic heart disease, stroke, head injury, major depressive disorder, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and asthma (P < .001). The incidence rate of BD was higher in the periodontitis group than in the non-periodontitis group (2.74 vs 1.46 per 1000 person-year), with an adjusted hazard ratio of 1.82 (95% confidence interval = 1.59-2.08) after adjustment for sex, age, and comorbidities.The patients with periodontitis exhibited a significantly higher risk of developing BD. Keep the better oral hygiene to reduce periodontitis might be a preventive strategy for BD.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar/psicologia , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Transtorno Bipolar/complicações , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Revisão da Utilização de Seguros , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Periodontite/complicações , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
2.
Periodontol 2000 ; 84(1): 202-214, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844412

RESUMO

Upwards of 1 in 10 adults worldwide may be affected by severe periodontitis, making the disease more prevalent than cardiovascular disease. Despite its global scope, its impact on pain, oral function, and the wellbeing of individuals, and the disproportionate burden of disease and the socioeconomic impact on communities, the perception that periodontal disease is a public health problem remains low. Although there have been substantial improvements in our understanding of the etiology of periodontal disease and how we can prevent and control it, these advances have been primarily focused on individual, patient-focused approaches. The prevention of periodontal disease depends on improving currently available individual interventions and on determining what public health interventions can be effective and sustainable under real-life conditions. Currently, public health approaches for periodontal disease prevention and control are lacking. This review traces the historical strategies for prevention of periodontal disease in an epidemiologic transition context, using a modified model developed for cardiovascular disease, and presents a possible public health approach. Improving periodontal disease prevention and control will need to take into consideration the core activities of a public health approach: assessment, policy development, and assurance.


Assuntos
Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Doenças Periodontais/prevenção & controle , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Humanos , Saúde Pública
3.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237510, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810155

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a highly prevalent condition leading to a continuous destruction of tooth-supporting tissues. It increases the risk for various systemic diseases and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Therefore, screening for periodontitis is important. Screening measures can range from self-reported symptoms to clinical full-mouth periodontal examination. The hypothesis of our study was that self-reported parameters and clinical definition perform equally well in identifying periodontitis patients. The aim of this study was to develop, validate its internal consistency, and evaluate a self-reported instrument against periodontal clinical evaluation for diagnosis of periodontitis in a group of postpartum women, as well as to describe their periodontal status and the risk factors associated with periodontal disease. A cross-sectional study on postpartum women was conducted in a tertiary university hospital, from April 2018 to March 2019. Sociodemographic and behavioral data, periodontal clinical parameters, and self-reported periodontal perception were collected. A 16-item questionnaire was developed to obtain information about perceived periodontal alterations and oral hygiene habits. The utility of the questionnaire was tested against a periodontal diagnosis based on a full-mouth periodontal examination. The questionnaire was applied in 215 postpartum women aged 29.16±5.54 years (mean age (y) ± standard deviation) having the following periodontal status: 16 individuals without periodontal disease (7.44%), 32 individuals with gingivitis (14.88%), 19 individuals with mild periodontitis (8.84%), 132 individuals with moderate periodontitis (61.39%), and 16 individuals with severe periodontitis (7.44%). A significant association was observed between oral hygiene score, smoking status, and periodontal conditions (p<0.05). A significant association between the self-reported items related to "gum swelling", "halitosis", "previous periodontal diagnosis" and "previous periodontal treatment" with clinical periodontitis have been identified (p<0.05). Using self-reported questionnaires for detection of periodontal disease was ineffective in our studied population, since self-reported parameters and clinical definition do not appear to perform equally in identifying periodontitis cases. Clinical periodontal examination remains the gold standard for screening. Periodontitis was frequent in our group and the severity was significantly associated with the oral hygiene score and smoking. These results underline the necessity for periodontal clinical examination during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Doenças Periodontais/etiologia , Transtornos Puerperais/epidemiologia , Transtornos Puerperais/etiologia , Autorrelato , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Europa Oriental/epidemiologia , Feminino , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Gengivite/etiologia , Halitose/epidemiologia , Halitose/etiologia , Humanos , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/etiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Romênia/epidemiologia , Autorrelato/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
4.
Asia Pac J Public Health ; 32(6-7): 346-353, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741221

RESUMO

This study evaluated the validity of self-reported periodontitis measures among 2404 Japanese adults aged 40 to 75 years. A self-administered questionnaire survey and a clinical periodontal examination were conducted from 2013 through 2016. The self-reported periodontitis questions included 3 sociodemographic, 3 health, and 5 periodontal health-related items. Based on the clinical case definition of periodontitis, 26.5% of participants were found to be periodontally healthy, 2.7% had mild periodontitis, 55.2% moderate periodontitis, and 15.6% severe periodontitis. No single self-reported question demonstrated satisfactory validity in predicting the presence or absence of periodontitis. The predictive ability in mild and/or moderate periodontitis was poor even after combining multiple sociodemographic, health, and periodontal health-related questions. In severe periodontitis, the model including age, sex, education level, smoking status, diabetes history, body mass index, informed by a dentist, gingival bleeding, calculus deposit, and tooth mobility, presented moderate predictive performance (C-statistic: 0.676, sensitivity: 65.2%, and specificity: 61.1%). An age-stratified analysis on severe periodontitis showed that sensitivity was higher, and specificity was lower in older age group (60-75 years) than younger age group (40-59 years). Further refinement of questions in the self-report is required to increase the accuracy of the prediction of clinical periodontitis.


Assuntos
Periodontite/epidemiologia , Autorrelato , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
5.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0234659, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between poor oral health conditions and cognitive decline is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between oral health and cognition in humans and rats. METHODS: In humans: a cross-sectional study was conducted. Cognitive levels were evaluated by the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE); oral conditions were reflected by the number of missing index teeth, bleeding on probing, and probing pocket depth (PD). In rats: a ligature-induced (Lig) periodontitis model and Aß25-35-induced model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) were established; tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin 1 (IL-1), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and C-reactive protein levels in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex were detected. RESULTS: MMSE scores for the number of missing index teeth ≥ 7 group were significantly lower than those in the ≤ 6 group. A negative relationship (correlation coefficient ρ = -0.310, P = 0.002) was observed between MMSE scores and number of missing index teeth. More missing index teeth and lower education levels were independent risk factors for cognitive decline. A negative relationship (correlation coefficient ρ = -0.214, P = 0.031) was observed between MMSE scores and average PD. TNF-α and IL-6 levels in the hippocampus of the Lig+AD group were significantly higher than those of the AD group. IL-1 and IL-6 levels in the cerebral cortex of the Lig+AD group were significantly higher than those of the AD group. CONCLUSION: Poor oral health conditions including more missing index teeth and higher average PD may be risk factors for cognitive decline. Periodontitis may increase inflammatory cytokines in rat models of AD.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia , Saúde Bucal , Periodontite/complicações , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença de Alzheimer/etiologia , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/toxicidade , Animais , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Causalidade , Córtex Cerebral/química , China/epidemiologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Hipocampo/química , Humanos , Interleucina-1/análise , Masculino , Aprendizagem em Labirinto , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/toxicidade , Índice Periodontal , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/etiologia , Periodontite/fisiopatologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fatores de Risco , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
6.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e058, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578801

RESUMO

In view of the epidemiological relevance of periodontal disease and chronic noncommunicable diseases, the study aimed to evaluate the relationship between them through subclinical indicators of systemic risk in a population group with healthy habits, including alcohol and tobacco abstinence. A complete periodontal examination of six sites per tooth was performed in a sample of 420 participants from the Advento study (Sao Paulo), submitted to anthropometric and laboratory evaluation. Periodontitis was defined and classified based on the Community Periodontal Index score 3 (periodontal pocket = 4-5 mm) and score 4 (periodontal pocket ≥ 6 mm). The prevalence of mild/moderate and severe periodontitis was 20% and 8.2%, respectively. Both categories of periodontal disease had significantly higher levels of triglycerides, C-reactive protein, calcium score, and calcium percentile, whereas blood glucose after tolerance test was significantly higher among people with severe periodontitis and HDL-c levels were lower (p < 0.05). Young adults with severe periodontitis had significantly higher prevalence of obesity, pre-diabetes, hypertension, and metabolic syndrome. Besides these conditions, the older adults with severe periodontitis had significantly higher prevalence of dyslipidemia and subclinical atherosclerosis. The group with periodontitis had also a higher coronary heart disease risk based on the PROCAM score (p < 0.05). The results indicated associations of periodontitis with several systemic indicators for chronic noncommunicable diseases, and highlighted the need for multiprofessional measures in the whole care of patients.


Assuntos
Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice Periodontal , Prevalência , Valores de Referência , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512934

RESUMO

This study analyzed the relationship between the work pattern and the prevalence of periodontitis. We analyzed the data of 3320 adults (1779 men, 1543 women) aged 51-80 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013-2015). The work pattern was divided into two groups (regular and irregular). The periodontal status was assessed using the community periodontal index. We observed a statistically significant difference in the association between work patterns and prevalence of periodontitis in Korean women aged over 50 years. For female workers with irregular work patterns, the prevalence of periodontitis was lower than that in workers with regular work patterns by 10.3% (40.3% vs. 30.0%, p = 0.011). The annual health examination rate was significantly higher in the irregular group than in the regular group (for men 77.9% vs. 73.5%; p < 0.001, for women 76.4% vs. 75.9%; p < 0.001). In female workers with irregular work patterns, the annual dental examination rate was significantly higher than that in workers with a regular work pattern by 7.7% (34.3% vs. 26.6%, p = 0.043). In conclusion we found a statistically significant difference between the work patterns and prevalence of periodontitis in Korean women aged over 50 years.


Assuntos
Inquéritos Nutricionais , Periodontite , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice Periodontal , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Prevalência , República da Coreia
8.
Int Dent J ; 70(5): 396-404, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501575

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the association between high gestational weight gain and systemic and periodontal status of women between the 32nd and 36th gestational weeks of pregnancy (T1) and after delivery (T2), and the association of these factors with newborns' health. METHODS: The sample was divided into excessive gestational weight gain (GE = 25) and normal gestational weight gain (GN = 25) and was evaluated regarding: (i) socio-economic status; (ii) systemic and periodontal status; and (iii) newborns' health. The results were analysed using the Mann-Whitney U-test, the t-test, the Friedman test, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Cochran's Q test (P < 0.05). RESULTS: Women with GE had lower household income (P = 0.010) and higher body mass index (BMI) at both T1 and T2. The prevalence of hypertension at T1 was higher in women with GE, but the condition resolved post-delivery (P = 0.001). Worsening in oral hygiene was observed at T2 in both groups (P < 0.001). Sixty-eight percent of women with GE and 16% of women with GN had periodontitis at T1, and 52% and 12%, respectively, had periodontitis at T2. In women with GE, the BMI of newborns was higher (P = 0.031). CONCLUSIONS: Women with high gestational weight gain also showed a high prevalence of hypertension and periodontitis during pregnancy, and persistent periodontitis after delivery. High gestational weight gain was related to high BMI of newborns.


Assuntos
Periodontite/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Ganho de Peso na Gestação , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Ganho de Peso
9.
Aust Dent J ; 65 Suppl 1: S52-S58, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32583592

RESUMO

Periodontal diseases are some of the major oral diseases and conditions in adults. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to present the population patterns of periodontal diseases and trends of periodontitis in the Australian adult population. METHODS: Data collected in the recent National Study of Adult Oral Health (NSAOH) 2017-18 were used to present the current population patterns of periodontal diseases. Periodontal assessment was carried out at three sites per tooth for all present teeth, excluding third molars. Prevalence of gingivitis, periodontal pocket depth of 4+ mm, gingival recession of 2+ mm, and clinical attachment loss of 4+ mm were calculated and reported. The US CDC/AAP case definition was used to define cases of moderate to severe periodontitis. NSAOH 2017-18 data were combined with data collected in NSAOH 2004-06 using similar methods to describe age- and cohort-related trends of periodontitis. RESULTS: The prevalence of periodontal diseases and conditions were relatively high in the Australian adult population. Some three in every ten Australian adults had moderate to severe periodontitis. There was a tendency of higher prevalence of periodontitis in NSAOH 2017-18 than in NSAOH 2004-06 among people of the same age. CONCLUSION: Periodontal diseases and conditions remain a significant problem in the Australian adult population.


Assuntos
Retração Gengival , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Adulto , Austrália/epidemiologia , Humanos , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Prevalência
10.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234487, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32544165

RESUMO

This study was undertaken to investigate the potential association between sleep duration and periodontitis. The study population consisted of 10,291 individuals who participated in the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from the 2009-2014 cycles. Sleep duration was categorized into sleep deficient (< 7 hours), sleep adequate (7-8 hours), and sleep excessive (> 8 hours). We used the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) periodontitis case definition. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were used for data analyses. The prevalence of periodontitis was 36% higher in individuals who reported sleep deficiency when compared to the sleep adequate group (odds Ratio (OR) = 1.36, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.23-1.50). Those who reported excessive sleep had 41% higher odds of periodontitis (OR: 1.40, 95% CI: 1.16-1.71). After adjusting for confounding factors, sleep deficient individuals were 19% more likely to have periodontitis when compared to sleep adequate individuals (OR: 1.19, 95% CI: 1.06-1.38). Among sleep excessive individuals, the association was non-significant (OR: 1.16, 95% CI: 0.94-1.43). Sleep deficiency was associated with a higher prevalence of periodontitis in this study population. The association however needs to be confirmed in longitudinal studies.


Assuntos
Periodontite/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais/métodos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
High Blood Press Cardiovasc Prev ; 27(4): 281-289, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32500479

RESUMO

High blood pressure (BP) and periodontitis are two highly prevalent conditions worldwide with a significant impact on cardiovascular disease (CVD) complications. Poor periodontal health is associated with increased prevalence of hypertension and may have an influence on BP control. Risk factors such as older age, male gender, non-Caucasian ethnicity, smoking, overweight/obesity, diabetes, low socioeconomic status, and poor education have been considered the common denominators underpinning this relationship. However, recent evidence indicates that the association between periodontitis and hypertension is independent of common risk factors and may in fact be causal in nature. Low-grade systemic inflammation and redox imbalance, in particular, represent the major underlying mechanisms in this relationship. Neutrophil dysfunction, imbalance in T cell subtypes, oral-gut dysbiosis, hyperexpression of proinflammatory genes, and increased sympathetic outflow are some of the pathogenetic events involved. In addition, novel findings indicate that common genetic bases might shape the immune profile towards this clinical phenotype, offering a rationale for potential therapeutic and prevention strategies of public health interest. This review summarizes recent advances, knowledge gaps and possible future directions in the field.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodonto/microbiologia , Disbiose , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/imunologia , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Periodontite/imunologia , Periodontite/microbiologia , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
12.
J Korean Med Sci ; 35(14): e105, 2020 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32281316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is reported to be associated with preterm birth (spontaneous preterm labor and birth). Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is common during pregnancy and is expected to be related to periodontitis. However, little research has been done on the association among preterm birth, GERD and periodontitis. This study uses popular machine learning methods for analyzing preterm birth, GERD and periodontitis. METHODS: Data came from Anam Hospital in Seoul, Korea, with 731 obstetric patients during January 5, 1995 - August 28, 2018. Six machine learning methods were applied and compared for the prediction of preterm birth. Variable importance, the effect of a variable on model performance, was used for identifying major determinants of preterm birth. RESULTS: In terms of accuracy, the random forest (0.8681) was similar with logistic regression (0.8736). Based on variable importance from the random forest, major determinants of preterm birth are delivery and pregestational body mass indexes (BMI) (0.1426 and 0.1215), age (0.1211), parity (0.0868), predelivery systolic and diastolic blood pressure (0.0809 and 0.0763), twin (0.0476), education (0.0332) as well as infant sex (0.0331), prior preterm birth (0.0290), progesterone medication history (0.0279), upper gastrointestinal tract symptom (0.0274), GERD (0.0242), Helicobacter pylori (0.0151), region (0.0139), calcium-channel-blocker medication history (0.0135) and gestational diabetes mellitus (0.0130). Periodontitis ranked 22nd (0.0084). CONCLUSION: GERD is more important than periodontitis for predicting and preventing preterm birth. For preventing preterm birth, preventive measures for hypertension, GERD and diabetes mellitus would be needed alongside the promotion of effective BMI management and appropriate progesterone and calcium-channel-blocker medications.


Assuntos
Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Periodontite , Nascimento Prematuro , Diabetes Gestacional , Feminino , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/epidemiologia , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez , Masculino , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Gravidez
13.
Braz Oral Res ; 34(supp1 1): e027, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32294680

RESUMO

Periodontal diseases are considered a worldwide public health problem, owing to their high prevalence in developed and developing countries. Periodontitis may lead to tooth loss, which can impact oral health-related quality of life. Gingivitis and periodontitis have been extensively studied regarding their etiopathogenesis, epidemiology, prevention and treatment outcomes. However, most of these aspects are studied and discussed globally, which may hamper a clear interpretation of the findings and the design of effective plans of action for specific regions or populations. For example, in Latin America, epidemiological data about the distribution of periodontal diseases is still scarce, mainly when it comes to nationwide representative samples. This Consensus aimed to address the following topics related to periodontal diseases in Latin America: a) The impact of the global burden of periodontal diseases on health: a global reality; b) Periodontal diseases in Latin America; c) Strategies for the prevention of periodontal diseases in Latin America; d) Problems associated with diagnosis of periodontal conditions and possible solutions for Latin America; e) Treatment of Periodontitis. This consensus will help to increase awareness about diagnosis, prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases, in the context of Latin American countries.


Assuntos
Conferências de Consenso como Assunto , Doenças Periodontais/terapia , Feminino , Gengivite/diagnóstico , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Gengivite/terapia , Carga Global da Doença , Humanos , América Latina/epidemiologia , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Doenças Periodontais/diagnóstico , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/terapia , Qualidade de Vida
14.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 301(5): 1189-1198, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32274638

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This cross-sectional case-control study of post-partum women aimed to estimate whether maternal periodontitis was a predictive contributor to preterm birth and to identify other risk factors associated with preterm birth in our target population. METHODS: The case group included women who delivered preterm (74 cases) and the control group included women who had a normal term delivery (120 controls). Medical records, a 16-item questionnaire, and a full-mouth periodontal examination were used to collect information about socio-demographic characteristics, general health problems, birth-related information, behavioral factors and periodontal status. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the strength of the relationship between predictors and the categorical outcome variable, preterm birth. RESULTS: The bivariate analysis revealed the significant associations between preterm birth and socio-demographic factors (educational level, p = 0.003), antepartum smoking habit (p = 0.001) and birth weight lower than 2500 g (p < 0.001). The multivariate analysis highlighted that the presence of post-partum maternal periodontitis and its severity remained independent risk factors of preterm birth in the presence of antepartum smoking habit and route of delivery [adjusted OR 2.26, 95% CI (1.06; 4.82), respectively, OR 3.46, 95% CI (1.08; 11.15)]. CONCLUSION: Post-partum maternal periodontal disease and its severity might, in part, be considered as contributor to preterm deliveries before 37 weeks of gestation.


Assuntos
Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/etiologia , Periodontite/complicações , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Peso ao Nascer , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Índice Periodontal , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/microbiologia , Resultado da Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Romênia/epidemiologia , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/efeitos adversos
15.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(3): 298-303, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134026

RESUMO

Background: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most widely spread systemic diseases worldwide. It is characterized by hyperglycemic status with major multiorgan impact. With regard to the oral cavity, the relationship between diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease is well-known, although other dental diseases have been neglected. Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and correlate it with the inflammation of the marginal and apical periodontium and the status of the underlying disease. Subjects and Methods: The current prospective study analyzed 128 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in terms of marginal as well as apical periodontal involvement. The patients presented voluntarily for evaluation and treatment of oral diseases and their oral health status was established based on clinical and imaging examinations. Biological samples were collected when necessary to determine mycotic diseases. The clinical characteristics of each patient were recorded in a study sheet, and the data were centralized in electronic format using Microsoft Excel. The statistical values of the assessed cases were calculated with a two decimal accuracy, using the Chi-Square, Mann-Whitney and Student t tests. Results: The results obtained evidenced an incidence of apical periodontal infection of approximately 50%, with a slightly higher value for patients with decompensated diabetes mellitus compared to those with compensated diabetes mellitus. Conclusions: The results obtained show a higher incidence of apical periodontal infections, regardless of the compensation level of type 2 diabetes mellitus.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Doenças Periodontais/etiologia , Periodontite/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Odontogênese , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Romênia/epidemiologia
16.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 67, 2020 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164696

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periodontitis was reported to be associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the association between them has not been firmly established in the existing literature. Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the relationship between periodontitis and IBD. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for publications up to August 1, 2019 to include all eligible studies. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were estimated to determine the association between periodontal disease and IBD using a random or fixed effects model according to heterogeneity. RESULTS: Six eligible studies involving 599 IBD patients and 448 controls were included. The pooled OR between periodontitis and IBD was 3.17 (95% CI: 2.09-4.8) with no heterogeneity observed (I2 = 0.00%). The pooled ORs were 3.64 (95% CI: 2.33-5.67) and 5.37 (95% CI: 3.30-8.74) for the associations between periodontitis and the two sub-categories of IBD, Crohn' s disease and ulcerative colitis, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrated that periodontitis was significantly associated with IBD. However, the mechanisms underlying periodontitis and IBD development are undetermined. Further studies are needed to elucidate this relationship.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Doença de Crohn/epidemiologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Adulto , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Higiene Bucal , Prevalência , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 28, 2020 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To detect annual alveolar bone loss in subjects with cardiovascular disease (CVD) adjusting for associated systemic diseases and risk factors. METHODS: A total number of 132 subjects that reported having CVD from 2008 to 2015 (N = 132). For longitudinal data analysis, 58 subjects eligible for inclusion with at least two exposures of complete mouth set or repeated BW radiographs with at least one-year interval compared with a control group. Alveolar bone level on mesial and distal sites of posterior teeth was measured on bitewing (BW) radiographs available in the electronic health records of each subject. RESULTS: Subjects who reported having cardiovascular diseases experienced higher annual mean alveolar bone loss (0.062 mm per year) compared to Subjects with no cardiovascular diseases (0.022 mm per year). CONCLUSION: Subjects who have reported CVD had higher rate of annual bone loss compared to subjects who did not have any CVD. This observation indicates that targeting high-risk individuals for risk assessment is fundamental to provide the best healthcare possible to those who are the most in need. Periodic examination and assessment of periodontal health is an essential key factor for better oral health, however, it has to be more emphasized and prioritized for individuals that are more prone to the disease.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Perda do Osso Alveolar/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Periodontais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Radiografia , Radiografia Interproximal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
18.
J Clin Periodontol ; 47(3): 268-288, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Europe cardiovascular disease (CVD) is responsible for 3.9 million deaths (45% of deaths), being ischaemic heart disease, stroke, hypertension (leading to heart failure) the major cause of these CVD related deaths. Periodontitis is also a chronic non-communicable disease (NCD) with a high prevalence, being severe periodontitis, affecting 11.2% of the world's population, the sixth most common human disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There is now a significant body of evidence to support independent associations between severe periodontitis and several NCDs, in particular CVD. In 2012 a joint workshop was held between the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP) and the American Academy of Periodontology to review the literature relating periodontitis and systemic diseases, including CVD. In the last five years important new scientific information has emerged providing important emerging evidence to support these associations RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The present review reports the proceedings of the workshop jointly organised by the EFP and the World Heart Federation (WHF), which has updated the existing epidemiological evidence for significant associations between periodontitis and CVD, the mechanistic links and the impact of periodontal therapy on cardiovascular and surrogate outcomes. This review has also focused on the potential risk and complications of periodontal therapy in patients on anti thrombotic therapy and has made recommendations for dentists, physicians and for patients visiting both the dental and medical practices.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Periodontais , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/terapia , Consenso , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Humanos , Periodontia
19.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38(2): 227-238, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In this cross-sectional study we investigated antibody titres against cyclic citrullinated peptides derived from filaggrin (anti-CCP) and citrullinated α-enolase (anti-CEP-1) among patients with RA as a function of periodontal findings. METHODS: 107 patients with RA (median age 56 years, 75% females) were included. For periodontal diagnoses missing teeth, periodontal epithelial surface area, periodontal inflamed surface area and periodontal diagnosis according to the working group's guidelines of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention were determined. Subgingival bacterial DNA of five periodontopathic bacteria was assessed by PCR with sequence-specific oligonucleotides. Anti-CCP and anti-CEP-1 antibodies in plasma samples were investigated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Low resolution human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing was carried out using PCR with sequence-specific primers. RESULTS: PESA was found associated with a low adjusted odds ratio for anti-CCP positivity (OR=1.002, p=0.040). All patients who were infected with Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans were simultaneously anti-CCP positive (p=0.043). HLA-DRB1*13 lowered the adjusted odds ratio for anti-CCP (OR=0.073, p=0.002) and anti-CEP-1 (OR=0.068, p=0.018) positivity whereas HLA-DRB1*07 indicated a lower risk only for demonstrable anti-CCP antibodies (OR=0.079, p=0.004). HLA-DRB1*04 was associated with increased adjusted odds ratio for anti-CEP-1 positivity (OR=4.154, p=0.005) and the simultaneous proof of both investigated autoantibodies (OR=3.725, p=0.011). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with RA periodontitis may be a minor risk factor for anti-CCP positivity. Our data first provide evidence that an infection with A. actinomycetemcomitans is associated with an increased formation of anti-CCP. HLA phenotype proved to be a significant risk indicator for both investigated antibodies.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Cadeias HLA-DRB1 , Peptídeos Cíclicos/imunologia , Periodontite , Anticorpos Anti-Proteína Citrulinada/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Autoanticorpos , Infecções por Bacteroidaceae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Bacteroidaceae/imunologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/imunologia , Periodontite/microbiologia , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
20.
J Periodontal Res ; 55(1): 77-84, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407348

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate an association between obesity (exposure) and periodontitis (outcome) in pregnant women. BACKGROUND: This association was investigated and only five studies were identified as showing a positive association. However, some of these studies had limitations such as reduced sample sizes, inadequate exposure criteria and outcome measures, which question the internal validity of these investigations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample of 644 pregnant women of the public health service of the municipality of Santo Antônio de Jesus, Bahia, Brazil. Data were obtained by collecting of socioeconomic-demographic information, health behavior, health conditions, and reproductive history through an interview. Obesity was evaluated using body mass index adjusted for gestational age and expected weight gain. The diagnosis of periodontitis followed two criteria: (a) Center for Disease Prevention and Control and American Academy of Periodontology (CDC/AAP); (b) Gomes-Filho et al (2018) using criterion that also evaluated bleeding upon probing; Prevalence ratios and respective 95% confidence intervals were obtained by Poisson regression analysis. RESULTS: In accordance with the outcome diagnostic criterion, the frequency of periodontitis was 17.24% (Gomes-Filho et al) and 66.92% (CDC/AAP). The participants were classified as low weight (19.72%), adequate weight (42.39%), overweight (24.84%), and obesity (13.04%), based on the exposure diagnostic criterion. The low weight and overweight groups were excluded from the data analysis, giving a final sample of 357 pregnant women. The association between obesity in pregnant women and periodontitis was not statistically significant, after adjusting for confounders such as age, schooling level, alcoholic beverage consumption, alimentary and nutritional orientation, urinary infection, and dental flossing. CONCLUSIONS: The findings showed a high frequency of periodontitis, obesity, and overweight in the studied population but no association between obesity and periodontitis in pregnant women was found.


Assuntos
Obesidade/epidemiologia , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
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