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1.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(8): 9078-9087, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periodontitis (PD) is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by infection of the periodontal supporting tissues. Clinical studies have reported that rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients have a higher prevalence of PD. This study aimed to explore the correlation between RA and PD. METHODS: A total of 307 RA patients (RA group) and 324 healthy individuals (control group) who received physical examinations during the same period were recruited to this study. The incidence of PD in the two groups was analyzed, and the periodontal disease index (PDI) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were recorded. Then, 42 RA patients with PD and 56 control group patients with PD were selected for further analysis. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of the two groups. For patients with both RA and PD, the level of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and the duration of morning stiffness were also recorded. RESULTS: The prevalence of PD in the RA group (51.5%) was significantly higher than that in the control group (31.2%), and the prevalence of PD also increased notably with the increase of age and the duration of the disease in RA patients. The levels of TNF-α and IL-1ß in the PDI and the GCF in the concurrent RA and PD group were significantly higher than those in the PD group (P<0.05). Partial correlation analysis showed that TNF-α in the GCF positively correlated with the BOP of patients with RA and PD. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the level of TNF-α in the GCF and serum CRP were independent influencing factors of the level of IL-1ß in the GCF (the r values were 1.074 and 3.851, respectively; P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of RA can increase risk of PD occurrence and is positively correlated with the levels of IL-1ß and TNF-α in the GCF.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Periodontite , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/química , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
2.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 19(1): 441-448, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505498

RESUMO

PURPOSE: During the past 20 years, a plethora of research reports has been published showing a statistical association between poor oral health and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this narrative review was to focus on associations between oral infections and non-atherosclerosis-related systemic diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An open literature search and evaluation of articles were conducted on Medline and Cochrane databases with the key words 'oral infection', 'periodontitis', 'pneumonia', 'osteoarthritis', 'rheumatic diseases', 'inflammatory bowel disease', 'kidney disease', 'liver diseases', 'metabolic syndrome', 'diabetes', 'cancer', 'Alzheimer's disease'. Cardiovascular diseases were excluded from the analysis. RESULTS: The scarcity of controlled studies did not allow conducting a systematic review with meta-analysis on the topics, but dental infections have been shown be associated with several general diseases also beyond the atherosclerosis paradigm. However, there is no causal evidence of the role of dental infections in this regard. Poor oral health has nevertheless often been observed to be associated with worsening of the diseases and may also affect treatments. CONCLUSIONS: Maintaining good oral health is imperative regarding many diseases, and its importance in the daily life of any patient group cannot be over emphasised.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Periodontite , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia
3.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(8): 2097-2099, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418040

RESUMO

Periodontitis is the chronic inflammation of the oral cavity involving the gum, teeth and the supporting bone. Since it appears to have a similar pathophysiology as other microvascular complications of diabetes it can be considered to be the fourth chronic microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus. There is a three-fold increase in risk of periodontal disease among patients with diabetes mellitus. Periodontitis in diabetes is associated with increased myocardial infarctions, strokes and renal related complications, poor glycaemic control and an increase in the risk of dying of cardiorenal causes. However, treatment of periodontal disease has been demonstrated to improve glucose control and reduce inflammatory markers. Improvements in periodontal health among patients with diabetes mellitus can be achieved with better oral health education, oral examination in diabetic clinics during regular visits and annual dental examinations by qualified dentists. Dental treatments for periodontal infections include mechanical disruption of the pathogenic biofilm using scaling and planing, use of systemic antibiotics to treat refractory pathogens and specialized dental surgery in advanced disease.


Assuntos
Complicações do Diabetes , Diabetes Mellitus , Hiperglicemia , Doenças Periodontais , Periodontite , Complicações do Diabetes/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Humanos , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/terapia
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198553

RESUMO

Few studies have exhaustively assessed relationships among polymorphisms, the microbiome, and periodontitis. The objective of the present study was to assess associations simultaneously among polymorphisms, the microbiome, and periodontitis. We used propensity score matching with a 1:1 ratio to select subjects, and then 22 individuals (mean age ± standard deviation, 60.7 ± 9.9 years) were analyzed. After saliva collection, V3-4 regions of the 16S rRNA gene were sequenced to investigate microbiome composition, alpha diversity (Shannon index, Simpson index, Chao1, and abundance-based coverage estimator) and beta diversity using principal coordinate analysis (PCoA) based on weighted and unweighted UniFrac distances. A total of 51 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) related to periodontitis were identified. The frequencies of SNPs were collected from Genome-Wide Association Study data. The PCoA of unweighted UniFrac distance showed a significant difference between periodontitis and control groups (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences in alpha diversity and PCoA of weighted UniFrac distance (p > 0.05). Two families (Lactobacillaceae and Desulfobulbaceae) and one species (Porphyromonas gingivalis) were observed only in the periodontitis group. No SNPs showed significant expression. These results suggest that periodontitis was related to the presence of P. gingivalis and the families Lactobacillaceae and Desulfobulbaceae but not SNPs.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Periodontite , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Microbiota/genética , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Fatores de Risco , Saliva
5.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236451

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory noncommunicable disease that affects all parts of the periodontium and causes irreversible damage. It is estimated that around 10 million people in Germany suffer from severe forms of periodontitis. The disease usually shows few or only mild symptoms over many years, which are often not perceived or correctly classified by the patient. A lack of awareness could lead to dental treatment being sought in an advanced stage of the disease when extensive therapeutic measures have become necessary and the prognosis for tooth retention has worsened. The periodontal screening index (PSI) is a simple and rapid tool that is used to assess the level of further examination needed. The index is now carried out on many patients. However, the number of treatments remain low and behind what is necessary to reduce the existing burden of periodontitis. Every dental practice must be able to implement periodontal therapy in their clinical setting. Periodontal specialists can support general dentists significantly, especially in the treatment of severe forms of periodontitis. This requires an upgrading of the subject in university education, but also an increasing postgraduate differentiation of specialized dentists for periodontology. The new treatment guidelines for PAR (periodontal) therapy allow periodontal treatment on the basis of internationally recognized scientific standards and thus improve the framework conditions for therapy in the dental practice.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Doença Crônica , Alemanha , Humanos , Periodontia , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/terapia
6.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 376, 2021 07 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303340

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adult obesity has been associated with various systemic diseases and is an increasing problem in Bahrain. Recent evidence indicates a correlation between adult obesity and periodontitis. Hence the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of periodontitis in overweight/obese adults in Bahrain and to determine the factors associated with periodontitis in these obese adults. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted in overweight subjects attending Ministry of Health (MOH) Nutrition Clinics at primary health centers in Bahrain. After obtaining the institutional ethics approval, the demographic and anthropometric data, including Body Mass Index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) using World Health Organization (WHO) thresholds for severity of obesity, were recorded. Periodontal status was measured using the Community Periodontal Index (CPI) and the extent and severity of periodontal disease were categorized according to the number of sextants with CPI codes 3 and 4. RESULTS: A total of 372 participated with a mean age 44.0 (± 10.5) years for males, and 42.5 (± 11.2) years for females. Periodontitis was present in 361 (97%) of participants. Hypertension and diabetes were the most prevalent co-morbidities at 23.4% and 16% respectively. Mean WC was significantly greater in males at 114 cm (± 15.6) compared to females 109.5 cm (± 12.5) (p < 0.001). BMI was not associated with severity or extent of periodontitis but WC was weakly correlated in males but not in females (Spearman rho = + 0.2, p < 0.05). In the logistic regression model using overall WC to predict the severity of periodontitis, the adjusted OR was 1.02 (95% CI 1.00-1.04) and for age it was 1.05 (95% CI 1.00-1.07). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of periodontitis was high in this sample of overweight Bahrainis. BMI was not correlated with periodontitis but WC had a weak positive correlation. Implementation of periodontal health screening as a routine part of a nutrition clinic program is recommended.


Assuntos
Obesidade , Periodontite , Adulto , Barein/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Circunferência da Cintura
7.
Indian J Dent Res ; 32(1): 44-50, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269236

RESUMO

Objectives: (1) To assess the risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) using a pre-designed questionnaire; (2) To assess the periodontal parameters like pocket probing depth (PPD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL) in the study subjects and (3) To determine the association between the shared risk factors of OSA and periodontitis. Background of the Study: Periodontitis is a microbially associated, host-mediated inflammatory disease that results in the loss of periodontal attachment. It has multifactorial etiology and has been linked to an array of systemic diseases. Though both periodontitis and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) share some common risk factors, the insight into the hypothetical speculative link remains vague. This study intended to probe into the association between periodontitis and OSA. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 250 subjects. The subjects were explained the nature of the study and written informed consent was obtained for participation in the study. The patients were administered a STOP-BANG questionnaire following which the periodontal parameters were recorded. The data obtained was analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: A statistically significant increase in PPD and CAL scores were seen with the increase in OSA scores. A significant moderate positive correlation was found between OSA scores and PPD [r = 0.58, P < 0.001] and CAL [r = 0.55, P = 0.001]. Males were at increased risk for OSA and periodontitis. Age, hypertension and BMI which are the risk factors for periodontitis were also significantly higher in subjects at high risk for OSA. Conclusion: This study found a moderate positive association between periodontitis and OSA.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34202071

RESUMO

The association between periodontal disease and dementia/cognitive impairment continues to receive increasing attention. However, whether periodontal disease is a risk factor for dementia/cognitive impairment is still uncertain. This meta-analysis was conducted to comprehensively analyze the effect of periodontitis on dementia and cognitive impairment, and to assess the periodontal status of dementia patients at the same time. A literature search was undertaken on 19 October 2020 using PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase with different search terms. Two evaluators screened studies according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, and a third evaluator was involved if there were disagreements; this process was the same as that used for data extraction. Included studies were assessed with the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS), and results were analyzed using software Review Manager 5.2. Twenty observational studies were included. In the comparison between periodontitis and cognitive impairment, the odds ratio (OR) was 1.77 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.31-2.38), which indicated that there was a strong relationship between periodontitis and cognitive impairment. There was no statistical significance in the effect of periodontitis on dementia (OR = 1.59; 95%CI, 0.92-2.76). The subgroup analysis revealed that moderate or severe periodontitis was significantly associated with dementia (OR = 2.13; 95%CI, 1.25-3.64). The mean difference (MD) of the community periodontal index (CPI) and clinical attachment level (CAL) was 0.25 (95%CI, 0.09-0.40) and 1.22 (95%CI, 0.61-1.83), respectively. In this meta-analysis, there was an association between periodontitis and cognitive impairment, and moderate or severe periodontitis was a risk factor for dementia. Additionally, the deterioration of periodontal status was observed among dementia patients.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência , Doenças Periodontais , Periodontite , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Demência/epidemiologia , Humanos , Índice Periodontal , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199343

RESUMO

Although the presence of prosthetic restorations has been associated with plaque accumulation, gingivitis, and periodontitis, there is a lack of large epidemiological investigations providing evidence on the association of prosthetic crowns with periodontitis. This study aimed to analyze the association between the number of prosthetic crowns and the presence of periodontitis. This study was based on the Seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016-2018). A total of 12,689 participants over the age of 19 years were surveyed. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify the association between the number of prosthetic crowns and periodontitis after adjusting for potential confounders, including demographic variables, socio-economic characteristics, oral health-related variables, and oral and systemic clinical variables. The odds ratio of periodontitis showed statistically significant differences in the anterior and posterior regions, and the prevalence of periodontal disease increased as the number of crown prostheses increased. Participants with 6-10 and 11 prosthetic crowns had 1.24 and 1.28 times higher prevalence of periodontitis, respectively, than patients with no prosthetic crown. The results of this study show that the number of prosthetic crowns present in adults is related to the prevalence of periodontitis.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Doenças Periodontais , Periodontite , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Periodontite/epidemiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070244

RESUMO

Poor oral health in elite sport is a pressing issue, however little is known about the periodontal status of professional footballers. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of periodontitis in a group of professional footballers and its association with nutritional parameters and self-report non-traumatic injuries. Additionally, we assessed its association with anthropometric, dietary inflammatory load and self-reported muscular and/or articular injuries. Twenty-two professional footballers were evaluated at the beginning of the 2020-2021 season via full-mouth periodontal inspection, anthropometric measurements and the application of the dietary inflammatory index through a food intake measurement of 24 h dietary recall on two different days. Self-reporting non-traumatic muscular and articular injuries for the past 6 months were recorded from each athlete. Then we compared clinical measurements according to the periodontal status and we correlated age, periodontal and nutritional parameters. Overall, the prevalence of periodontitis was 40.9% and peri-implantitis was also observed. No significant differences were found regarding age or nutritional parameters according to the periodontal status. More non-traumatic muscular events in the past 6 months were found in the periodontitis group (55.6% vs. 38.4%), although the difference was non-significant. Both clinical attachment loss, periodontal pocket depth and the periodontal epithelial surface area revealed a significant moderate correlation with the percentage of fat mass, muscle mass, muscle mass index and total adipose folds. This group of professional footballers showed an alarming prevalence of periodontitis. Further studies shall examine whether periodontitis and periodontal treatment impact the performance of this group of athletes.


Assuntos
Estado Nutricional , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Futebol , Adulto , Antropometria , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Peri-Implantite/epidemiologia , Bolsa Periodontal/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Clin Periodontol ; 48(8): 1085-1092, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060116

RESUMO

AIM: Periodontitis and valvular heart disease (VHD) are common diseases. Both diseases are related to chronic inflammation and share many common risk factors. Previous periodontal studies had focused mainly on atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to determine whether periodontitis is associated with the development of VHD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective nationwide cohort study using Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database. Using ICD-9-CM coding, both the periodontitis and non-periodontitis groups were matched. RESULTS: There were 8483 cases and 4919 cases of VHD diagnosed in the periodontitis group and non-periodontitis group, respectively. The cumulative incidence of VHD was significantly higher in the periodontitis group (log-rank test, p < .001), with the incidence density of 6.44 (95% CI, 6.31-6.58) per 1000 person-years in the periodontitis group compared to 4.65 (95% CI, 4.52-4.78) in the non-periodontitis group. The relative risk for VHD was 1.39 (95% CI, 1.34-1.44). After multivariate analysis, periodontitis was independently associated with a risk for VHD (HR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.33-1.42, p < .001). Intensive treatment of periodontitis significantly lowered the risk for VHD (HR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.60-0.77, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Periodontitis was significantly associated with the development of VHD. Treatment of periodontitis reduced the risk for VHD.


Assuntos
Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Periodontite , Estudos de Coortes , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia
12.
J Clin Periodontol ; 48(8): 1076-1084, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34109656

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this meta-analysis and Mendelian randomization (MR) study was to assess the association between short sleep and periodontal disease, including tooth loss and periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The meta-analysis of relevant studies was conducted to assess the association between short sleep and periodontal disease. MR analyses were conducted with the inverse-variance-weighted (IVW) method, weighted median method, MR-Egger method, and MR-Robust Adjusted Profile Score (RAPS) method to assess the causal effect of short sleep on tooth loss and periodontitis. RESULTS: Seven cross-sectional studies involving 40,196 individuals were included in the meta-analysis. The association between short sleep and periodontal disease was not statistically significant (odds ratios (OR) =1.13, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.99, 1.28; p = 0.076). In the MR analysis, we did not observe statistically significant causal associations of genetically determined short sleep with tooth loss (ß: -0.056; 95% CI: -0.181 to 0.068; p = 0.376) and periodontitis (ß: -0.112; 95% CI: -0.340 to 0.117; p = 0.339). CONCLUSIONS: Short sleep is not associated with the risk of periodontal disease according to current evidence. Future studies need to pay attention to the measurement of sleep duration, the choice of statistical models, and other domains of sleep health.


Assuntos
Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Periodontite , Estudos Transversais , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Sono
13.
J Periodontal Res ; 56(5): 940-950, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34057233

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to determine whether alcohol use disorders (AUD) are independently associated with severe and extent cases of periodontitis in individuals living in a rural area of Brazil. METHODS: A representative probability sample (N = 585) was evaluated using six-site full-mouth periodontal examination. AUD was assessed using the alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT) and considered in its unidimensional and bidimensional factor structures. The first address hazardous alcohol consumption [HAC (overall scores ≥8)], and the second deals with two distinct constructs, harmful use [HU (items 1-3 scores ≥4 for men or ≥3 for women)], and alcohol-related consequences [ARC (items 4-10 scores ≥1)]. Periodontal outcomes were defined based on the criteria proposed by the CDC-AAP (2012) and an adaptation of the EFP-AAP (2018) definition of generalized stages III or IV periodontitis (GP). Adjusted multilevel multinomial and binary logistic regression analysis were used with a conceptual hierarchical approach to calculate the odds ratios (OR) of periodontal outcomes. RESULTS: In the adjusted model, HU (OR = 2.69; 95% CI: 1.29-5.58) and ARC (OR = 3.79; 95% CI: 1.51-9.51) were significantly associated with higher prevalence of severe periodontitis (SP). Higher occurrence of GP was detected in individuals presenting HAC (OR = 1.88; 95% CI: 1.05-3.37) and ARC (OR = 2.90; 95% CI: 1.61-5.24). CONCLUSION: AUD was independently associated with higher prevalence of SP and GP in individuals living in a rural area.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo , Periodontite , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Alcoolismo/complicações , Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Prevalência
14.
J Clin Periodontol ; 48(8): 1037-1050, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33998009

RESUMO

AIM: To clinically validate a self-reported questionnaire for periodontal disease and assess its accuracy for differentiating periodontal health and different stages of periodontitis. METHODS: A Chinese (Cantonese) version of a self-reported questionnaire was prepared by translating and validating the original English questions proposed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/American Academy of Periodontology (CDC/AAP). The utility of the CDC/AAP questionnaire and its individual questions was assessed against a full-mouth periodontal examination. Periodontal case definition was based on the 2017 World Workshop classification of periodontal diseases. Multivariable logistic regression and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) analysis were performed to assess the accuracy of the questionnaire. RESULTS: 408 subjects enrolled in this study, including those with periodontal health (16.2%), gingivitis (15.2%), Stages I/II periodontitis (31.8%) and Stages III/IV periodontitis (36.8%). Overall, the questionnaire had poor accuracy in detecting the presence of Stages I/II periodontitis with an AUROC 0.608. While it showed moderate to high accuracy for identifying periodontal disease (gingivitis and periodontitis), periodontitis and Stages III/IV periodontitis with an AUROC of 0.837, 0.803 and 0.870, respectively. Self-reported measures in combination with age and tobacco smoking showed excellent performance for identifying Stages III/IV periodontitis with a high AUROC of 0.953, a sensitivity of 95.7%, and a specificity of 89.0%. Specific questions and combinations provided greater utility to discriminate the various periodontal case definitions. CONCLUSIONS: The self-reported CDC/AAP questionnaire may be a feasible tool for detecting periodontitis, and its combination with demographic and lifestyle factors is useful for the identification of individuals with Stages III/IV periodontitis. This questionnaire seems less helpful in screening of Stages I/II periodontitis. Further studies are needed to test the validity in larger community-based populations.


Assuntos
Gengivite , Doenças Periodontais , Periodontite , Humanos , Doenças Periodontais/diagnóstico , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Curr Hypertens Rep ; 23(5): 27, 2021 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33961166

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Arterial hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In the world, about 45% of people suffer from arterial hypertension, while good blood pressure control is achieved by only approximately 50% of all hypertensive patients treated. The reason for the high prevalence of arterial hypertension and its poor control is low knowledge of hypertensinogenic factors. One such factor is periodontitis, which is a disease of social importance. RECENT FINDINGS: It has been shown that the occurrence of periodontitis leads to an increase in blood pressure, increasing the risk of arterial hypertension. Periodontitis can also lead to ineffectiveness of antihypertensive treatment. Some interventional studies have shown that treatment of periodontitis reduced blood pressure in patients with arterial hypertension. The pathogenesis of arterial hypertension in periodontitis is complex and concerns mainly the impairment of the vasodilatation properties of the endothelium. Hygiene and periodontitis treatment should be a method of preventing arterial hypertension and a method of increasing the effectiveness of antihypertensive treatment.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , Periodontite , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Pressão Sanguínea , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Periodontite/epidemiologia
16.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 250, 2021 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33971854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a multisystem rheumatic disease. Orofacial manifestations are commonly in SSc but maybe usually ignored and overshadowed by other systemic complications. Multiple comparative studies have been conducted to investigate the possible links between SSc and oral manifestations. The present study aimed to investigate the oral health status in patients with SSc. METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched up to July 2020. Following outcomes were evaluated: Probing depth (PD), Attachment loss (AL), Bleeding on probing (BOP), Number or percentage of Sites with PD ≥ 4 mm, Prevalence of periodontitis, Number of teeth, Decayed Teeth, Missing teeth, Filled teeth, DMFT index, and the interincisal distance. Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) were applied for quality assessment. The statistical analysis was processed using the software STATA. RESULTS: 11 eligible studies were included. The maximum interincisor distance was significantly restricted in SSc patients (SMD - 1.061; 95 %CI [- 1.546, - 0.576]; Z = 4.29, P = 0.000).The prevalence of Periodontitis (OR 7.007; 95 %CI [3.529, 13.915]; Z = 5.56, P = 0.000), PD (SMD 3.101; 95 %CI [1.374, 4.829]; Z = 3.52, P = 0.000), AL(SMD 2.584; 95 %CI [0.321, 4.846]; Z = 2.24, P = 0.025), sites with PD ≥ 4mm (SMD 2.071 ; 95 %CI [0.267, 3.875]; Z = 2.25, P = 0.024) and the number of decayed teeth (SMD, 0.186; 95 %CI [0.007, 0.365]; Z = 2.04, P = 0.041) were increased significantly in SSc population in comparison with the controls. CONCLUSIONS: SSc patients have limited mouth opening, higher periodontitis prevalence, and worse periodontal status, as well as an increased number of decayed teeth. Routinely oral hygiene instruction and initial periodontal treatment is recommended for SSc patients.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia
17.
Tumour Biol ; 43(1): 1-9, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33935124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral infections associate statistically with cancer. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that certain periodontal microorganisms might specifically link to malignancies in general and set out to investigate this in our ongoing cohort study. METHODS: A sample of 99 clinically examined patients from our cohort of 1676 subjects was used to statistically investigate the associations between harboring periodontal microorganisms Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A.a), Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g), Prevotella intermedia (P.i), Tannerella forsythia (T.f) and Treponema denticola (T.d). We used oral infection indexes and the incidence figures of malignancies as registered in 2008-2016 in the Swedish National Cancer Register. RESULTS: The pathogen A.a showed strong association with malignancy in 32 out of the 99 patients while P.g and P.i were more prevalent among patients without malignancy. In principal component analyses, A.a appeared in the strongest component while the second strongest component consisted of a combination of T.f and T.d. The third component consisted of a combination of P.g and P.i, respectively. Of basic and oral health variables, gingival index appeared to be the strongest expression of inflammation (Eigen value 4.11 and Explained Variance 68.44 percent). CONCLUSIONS: The results partly confirmed our hypothesis by showing that harboring certain periodontal bacteria might link to malignancy. However, the associations are statistical and no conclusions can be drawn about causality.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/microbiologia , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Índice Periodontal , Prevalência , Suécia/epidemiologia
18.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0249011, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822810

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of periodontal disease is high in diabetes patients worldwide, including Bangladesh. Although associations of periodontal disease outcomes and clinical determinants of diabetes have been investigated, few studies have reported on the relationship between periodontal diseases outcomes with modifiable factors, such as self-care and oral hygiene practices, in patients with diabetes. Moreover, in order to develop targeted strategies, it is also important to estimate their aggregated contribution separately from that of the established sociodemographic and diabetics related clinical determinates. Therefore, this study was performed to elucidate 1) the relationship of diabetes patients' self-care and oral hygiene practices to periodontal disease and 2) the relative contributions of selected factors to periodontal disease outcome in type 2 diabetes patients. METHODS: The data were obtained from the baseline survey of a multicentre, prospective cohort study. A total of 379 adult patients with type 2 diabetes from three diabetic centres in Dhaka, Rajshahi and Barishal, received periodontal examinations using the community periodontal index (CPI) probe, glycated haemoglobin examination, other clinical examinations, and structured questionnaires. Multiple logistics regression analyses were performed to assess the associations between selected factors and prevalence of any periodontal disease and its severity. RESULTS: More than half of the participants were female (53.8%) and 66.8% of the total participants was 21-50 years old. The prevalence of any (CPI code 2+3+4; 75.7%) and severe form (CPI code 4; 35.1%) of periodontal disease were high in type 2 diabetes patients. In multivariate analysis, the odds of periodontal disease increased with unfavourable glycaemic control indicated by HbA1c ≥ 7%, and decreased by 64%, 85% and 92% with adherence to recommended diet, physical activity, and oral hygiene practices, respectively. Diabetes self-care practice explained the highest proportion of the variance (13.9%) followed by oral hygiene practices (10.9%) by modelling any periodontal disease versus no disease. Variables of diabetes conditions and oral hygiene practices explained 10.9% and 7.3% of the variance by modelling severe (CPI code 4) or moderate (CPI code 3) forms of periodontal disease versus mild form of periodontal disease. Findings also conferred that while poor diabetes control had an individually adverse association with any form of periodontal diseases and its severity, the risk of diseases was moderated by oral hygiene practices. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that, in addition to diabetes-related clinical determinants, self-care practices, and oral hygiene practices must be taken into consideration for prevention and control of periodontal disease in patients with diabetes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Autocuidado/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Bangladesh , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Periodontite/prevenção & controle , Prevalência
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33920903

RESUMO

There have been contradictory reports on the effects of vitamin D in the prevention of periodontitis. We analyzed the association between vitamin D status (levels of plasma 25(OH)D) and periodontitis using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2013-2014 database. Among the participants in the KNHANES (2013-2014), only those aged ≥60 years who completed a health interview survey, periodontal examination, and blood test were included in the study. Thus, data from 701 participants were used in the final analysis. Periodontal status was evaluated using the Community Periodontal Index (CPI), and periodontitis was defined as having a CPI score of 3 or 4. Plasma 25(OH)D levels were classified according to two criteria: 20 ng/mL and quartile value. The chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to analyze the prevalence of periodontitis according to plasma 25(OH)D levels. Univariate analyses showed that periodontitis was not significantly associated with plasma 25(OH)D levels. In the multivariate logistic regression model adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics, the difference in the prevalence of periodontitis between those with a normal range of 25(OH)D and those with low plasma of 25(OH)D levels was not statistically significant. Vitamin D intake has been reported to have benefits in maintaining periodontal health; however, total plasma 25(OH)D levels showed no significant association with periodontitis based on CPI scores in this study. Additionally, these findings reaffirmed the importance of toothbrushing and smoking cessation to prevent periodontitis in people aged ≥60 years.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Periodontite/epidemiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fumar , Vitamina D , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia
20.
Hum Reprod ; 36(8): 2298-2308, 2021 07 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822056

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: Is a history of periodontitis among women associated with reduced fecundability? SUMMARY ANSWER: A history of periodontitis, as assessed by three different self-reported measures, may be associated with reduced fecundability. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory condition affecting the hard and soft tissues surrounding the teeth. Few studies have evaluated the association between periodontitis and time to pregnancy, and findings are mixed. It is hypothesized that periodontitis may adversely affect time to pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 2764 female pregnancy planners residing in North America (March 2015-June 2020). PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Eligible participants had been attempting pregnancy for six or fewer menstrual cycles at enrollment and were not using fertility treatment. Women answered questions about their oral health. Pregnancy was ascertained via bi-monthly follow-up questionnaires. We used proportional probabilities regression models to estimate fecundability ratios (FRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for three different measures indicative of a history of periodontitis: ever diagnosed with periodontitis (N = 265), ever received treatment for periodontitis (N = 299), and ever had an adult tooth become loose on its own (N = 83). We adjusted for potential confounders and precision variables. Women at risk of misclassification of periodontitis diagnosis due to pregnancy-related gingivitis were reclassified in a sensitivity analysis. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: All three indices of periodontitis may be associated with reduced fecundability. FRs were 0.89 (95% CI 0.75-1.06) comparing women with and without a previous periodontitis diagnosis, 0.79 (95% CI 0.67-0.94) comparing women with and without previous periodontitis treatment, and 0.71 (95% CI 0.44-1.16) comparing women with and without a tooth that became loose. After reclassification of pregnancy-related gingivitis in the sensitivity analysis, the FR for periodontitis diagnosis was 0.83 (95% CI 0.68-1.00). Weaker FRs were observed among parous women as compared with nulliparous women for periodontitis diagnosis and tooth becoming loose, but not for periodontitis treatment. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: Though we used validated self-report measures of periodontitis, clinical confirmation is the gold standard. These questions may be functioning as markers of different levels of periodontitis severity, but we were unable to measure disease severity in this population. Finally, we cannot eliminate the possibility of unmeasured confounding. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: This is the first preconception prospective cohort study to evaluate the association between self-reported periodontitis and fecundability. Our results indicate that periodontitis may be associated with lower fecundability. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): This work was partially funded by R01HD086742/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and R21HD072326/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. PRESTO has received in-kind donations from Swiss Precision Diagnostics, Sandstone Diagnostics, FertilityFriend.com, and Kindara.com for primary data collection. L.A.W. is a fibroid consultant for AbbVie, Inc. J.C.B., S.W., J.Y., K.J.R., E.E.H., and B.H. have no conflicts of interest to disclose. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: N/A.


Assuntos
Fertilidade , Periodontite , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Ciclo Menstrual , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Autorrelato , Tempo para Engravidar
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