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1.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 35(1 Suppl. 1): 11-18, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33463139

RESUMO

Implant dentistry has emerged as a first line of treatment to replace missing teeth for both the edentulous and partially dentate patients. Implant dentistry is accompanied by the onset of peri-implantitis (PIM). PIM is characterized by the inflammatory destruction of the implant-supporting tissues, because of biofilm formation on the implant surface. A history of periodontitis, poor oral hygiene, and smoking are considered as risk factors for PIM. Occasionally PIM is associated with iatrogenic factors, that, only recently, have been acknowledged as direct cause of PIM, i.e.: non-parallel adjacent implants or the presence of a gap, between fixture and prosthetic components. The use both of traditional protocols of nonsurgical periodontal therapy and the laser seems to be an effective alternative treatment modality for PMI. By the application of laser-assisted non-surgical peri-implant therapy the periodontal pocket depth was reduced. The present article illustrates the nonsurgical management of one case, where failure to remove residual cement, from an implant-supported dental prosthesis, seemed to cause PMI.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Peri-Implantite , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Odontologia , Humanos , Lasers , Peri-Implantite/etiologia , Peri-Implantite/terapia , Bolsa Periodontal , Periodontite/etiologia , Periodontite/terapia
2.
Cell Prolif ; 54(2): e12973, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33382502

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: NLRP3 inflammasome is a critical part of the innate immune system and plays an important role in a variety of inflammatory diseases. However, the effects of NLRP3 inflammasome on periodontitis have not been fully studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used ligature-induced periodontitis models of NLRP3 knockout mice (NLRP3KO ) and their wildtype (WT) littermates to compare their alveolar bone phenotypes. We further used Lysm-Cre/RosanTnG mouse to trace the changes of Lysm-Cre+ osteoclast precursors in ligature-induced periodontitis with or without MCC950 treatment. At last, we explored MCC950 as a potential drug for the treatment of periodontitis in vivo and in vitro. RESULTS: Here, we showed that the number of osteoclast precursors, osteoclast differentiation and alveolar bone loss were reduced in NLRP3KO mice compared with WT littermates, by using ligature-induced periodontitis model. Next, MCC950, a specific inhibitor of the NLRP3 inflammasome, was used to inhibit osteoclast precursors differentiation into osteoclast. Further, we used Lysm-Cre/RosanTnG mice to demonstrate that MCC950 decreases the number of Lysm-Cre+ osteoclast precursors in ligature-induced periodontitis. At last, treatment with MCC950 significantly suppressed alveolar bone loss with reduced IL-1ß activation and osteoclast differentiation in ligature-induced periodontitis. CONCLUSION: Our findings reveal that NLRP3 regulates alveolar bone loss in ligature-induced periodontitis by promoting osteoclastic differentiation.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar/patologia , Diferenciação Celular , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/citologia , Periodontite/patologia , Perda do Osso Alveolar/metabolismo , Perda do Osso Alveolar/prevenção & controle , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/farmacologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/uso terapêutico , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Periodontite/etiologia , Células-Tronco/citologia , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Sulfonas/farmacologia , Sulfonas/uso terapêutico
3.
Phytomedicine ; 79: 153327, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The genus Uncaria (Rubiaceae) has several biological properties significant to human health. However, the mechanisms underlying the protective effect of this plant on bone diseases are uncertain. PURPOSE: The present study investigated the role of Uncaria tomentosa extract (UTE) on alveolar bone loss in rats and on osteoclastogenesis in vitro. MATERIALS: UTE was characterized by an Acquity UPLC (Waters) system, coupled to an Electrospray Ionization (ESI) interface and Quadrupole/Flight Time (QTOF, Waters) Mass Spectrometry system (MS). The effect of UTE treatment for 11 days on the ligature-induced bone loss was assessed focusing on several aspects: macroscopic and histological analysis of bone loss, neutrophil and osteoclast infiltration, and anabolic effect. The effect of UTE on bone marrow cell differentiation to osteoclasts was assessed in vitro. RESULTS: The analysis of UTE by UPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS identified 24 compounds, among pentacyclic or tetracyclic oxindole alkaloids and phenols. The administration of UTE for 11 days on ligature-induced rat attenuated the periodontal attachment loss and alveolar bone resorption. It also diminished neutrophil migration to the gingiva tissue, demonstrated by a lower level of MPO. UTE treatment also decreased the level of RANKL/OPG ratio, the main osteoclast differentiation-related genes, followed by reduced TRAP-positive cell number lining the alveolar bone. Additionally, the level of bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, an anabolic bone marker, was elevated in the plasma of UTE treated rats. Next, we determined a possible direct effect of UTE on osteoclast differentiation in vitro. The incubation of primary osteoclast with UTE decreased RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation without affecting cell viability. This effect was supported by downregulation of the nuclear factor activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1 expression, a master regulator of osteoclast differentiation, and other osteoclast-specific activity markers, such as cathepsin K and TRAP. CONCLUSION: UTE exhibited an effective anti-resorptive and anabolic effects, which highlight it as a potential natural product for the treatment of certain osteolytic diseases, such as periodontitis.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/farmacologia , Reabsorção Óssea/tratamento farmacológico , Unha-de-Gato/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Perda do Osso Alveolar/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/química , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoprotegerina/metabolismo , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Periodontite/etiologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Ratos Wistar , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
4.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237660, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841254

RESUMO

This study evaluated the influence of type 2 diabetes mellitus on bone loss, bone repair and cytokine production in hyperglycemic rats, treated or not with metformin. The animals were distributed as follow: Non-Hyperglycemic (NH), Non Hyperglycemic with Ligature (NH-L), Treated Non Hyperglycemic (TNH), Treated Non Hyperglycemic with Ligature Treated (TNH-L), Hyperglycemic (H), Treated Hyperglycemic (TH), Hyperglycemic with Ligature (H-L), Treated Hyperglycemic with Ligature (TH-L). At 40th day after induction of hyperglycemia, the groups NH-L, TNH-L, H-L, TH-L received a ligature to induce periodontitis. On the 69th, the TNH, TNH-L, TH, TH-L groups received metformin until the end of the study. Bone repair was evaluated at histometric and the expression levels of Sox9, RunX2 and Osterix. Analysis of the ex-vivo expression of TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-12, IL-4, TGF-ß, IL-10, IL-6 and IL-17 were also evaluated. Metformin partially reverse induced bone loss in NH and H animals. Lower OPG/RANKL, increased OCN and TRAP expression were observed in hyperglycemic animals, and treatment with metformin partially reversed hyperglycemia on the OPG/RANKL, OPN and TRAP expression in the periodontitis. The expression of SOX9 and RunX2 were also decreased by hyperglycemia and metformin treatment. Increased ex vivo levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-4, IL-10 and IL-17 was observed. Hyperglycemia promoted increased IL-10 levels compared to non-hyperglycemic ones. Treatment of NH with metformin was able to mediate increased levels of TNF-α, IL-10 and IL-17, whereas for H an increase of TNF-α and IL-17 was detected in the 24- or 48-hour after stimulation with LPS. Ligature was able to induce increased levels of TNF-α and IL-17 in both NH and H. This study revealed the negative impact of hyperglycemia and/or treatment with metformin in the bone repair via inhibition of transcription factors associated with osteoblastic differentiation.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar/prevenção & controle , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Hiperglicemia/complicações , Metformina/administração & dosagem , Periodontite/prevenção & controle , Perda do Osso Alveolar/etiologia , Perda do Osso Alveolar/metabolismo , Processo Alveolar/citologia , Processo Alveolar/efeitos dos fármacos , Processo Alveolar/metabolismo , Processo Alveolar/patologia , Animais , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Regeneração Óssea/genética , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/induzido quimicamente , Hiperglicemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperglicemia/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/fisiologia , Periodontite/etiologia , Periodontite/metabolismo , Ratos , Estreptozocina/toxicidade , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
5.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237510, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810155

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a highly prevalent condition leading to a continuous destruction of tooth-supporting tissues. It increases the risk for various systemic diseases and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Therefore, screening for periodontitis is important. Screening measures can range from self-reported symptoms to clinical full-mouth periodontal examination. The hypothesis of our study was that self-reported parameters and clinical definition perform equally well in identifying periodontitis patients. The aim of this study was to develop, validate its internal consistency, and evaluate a self-reported instrument against periodontal clinical evaluation for diagnosis of periodontitis in a group of postpartum women, as well as to describe their periodontal status and the risk factors associated with periodontal disease. A cross-sectional study on postpartum women was conducted in a tertiary university hospital, from April 2018 to March 2019. Sociodemographic and behavioral data, periodontal clinical parameters, and self-reported periodontal perception were collected. A 16-item questionnaire was developed to obtain information about perceived periodontal alterations and oral hygiene habits. The utility of the questionnaire was tested against a periodontal diagnosis based on a full-mouth periodontal examination. The questionnaire was applied in 215 postpartum women aged 29.16±5.54 years (mean age (y) ± standard deviation) having the following periodontal status: 16 individuals without periodontal disease (7.44%), 32 individuals with gingivitis (14.88%), 19 individuals with mild periodontitis (8.84%), 132 individuals with moderate periodontitis (61.39%), and 16 individuals with severe periodontitis (7.44%). A significant association was observed between oral hygiene score, smoking status, and periodontal conditions (p<0.05). A significant association between the self-reported items related to "gum swelling", "halitosis", "previous periodontal diagnosis" and "previous periodontal treatment" with clinical periodontitis have been identified (p<0.05). Using self-reported questionnaires for detection of periodontal disease was ineffective in our studied population, since self-reported parameters and clinical definition do not appear to perform equally in identifying periodontitis cases. Clinical periodontal examination remains the gold standard for screening. Periodontitis was frequent in our group and the severity was significantly associated with the oral hygiene score and smoking. These results underline the necessity for periodontal clinical examination during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Doenças Periodontais/etiologia , Transtornos Puerperais/epidemiologia , Transtornos Puerperais/etiologia , Autorrelato , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Europa Oriental/epidemiologia , Feminino , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Gengivite/etiologia , Halitose/epidemiologia , Halitose/etiologia , Humanos , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/etiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Romênia/epidemiologia , Autorrelato/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
6.
Cell Prolif ; 53(10): e12886, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794619

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Diabetes aggravates the risk and severity of periodontitis, but the specific mechanism remains confused. Complement 3 (C3) is closely related to complications of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). In the present study, we concentrated on whether C3 mediates the development of periodontitis in T2DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Levels of C3 in blood and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of patients were measured first. A C3-knockout diabetic mouse model was established, real-time PCR, Western blotting and histological investigation were performed to evaluate the progress of periodontitis. Microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) and TRAP staining were performed to detect alveolar bone resorption. Immunofluorescence was performed to detect polarization of macrophages. RESULTS: Our data showed that C3 levels were elevated in the blood and GCF of T2DM patients compared with non-diabetic individuals. Increased C3 was closely related to the upregulation of inflammatory cytokines including interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), as well as the decline of the bone volume density (BMD) and bone volume over total volume (BV/TV) of the alveolar bones in diabetic mice. The deletion of C3 inhibited inflammatory cytokines and rescued the decreased BMD and BV/TV of the alveolar bones. C3-mediated polarization of macrophages was responsible for the damage. CONCLUSION: T2DM-related upregulation of C3 contributes to the development of periodontitis by promoting macrophages M1 polarization and inhibiting M2 polarization, triggering a pro-inflammatory effect on periodontal tissues.


Assuntos
Complemento C3/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Adulto , Processo Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Processo Alveolar/patologia , Processo Alveolar/fisiologia , Animais , Densidade Óssea , Complemento C3/análise , Complemento C3/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Feminino , Líquido do Sulco Gengival/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Ativação de Macrófagos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Periodontite/etiologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
7.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0234659, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between poor oral health conditions and cognitive decline is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between oral health and cognition in humans and rats. METHODS: In humans: a cross-sectional study was conducted. Cognitive levels were evaluated by the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE); oral conditions were reflected by the number of missing index teeth, bleeding on probing, and probing pocket depth (PD). In rats: a ligature-induced (Lig) periodontitis model and Aß25-35-induced model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) were established; tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin 1 (IL-1), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and C-reactive protein levels in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex were detected. RESULTS: MMSE scores for the number of missing index teeth ≥ 7 group were significantly lower than those in the ≤ 6 group. A negative relationship (correlation coefficient ρ = -0.310, P = 0.002) was observed between MMSE scores and number of missing index teeth. More missing index teeth and lower education levels were independent risk factors for cognitive decline. A negative relationship (correlation coefficient ρ = -0.214, P = 0.031) was observed between MMSE scores and average PD. TNF-α and IL-6 levels in the hippocampus of the Lig+AD group were significantly higher than those of the AD group. IL-1 and IL-6 levels in the cerebral cortex of the Lig+AD group were significantly higher than those of the AD group. CONCLUSION: Poor oral health conditions including more missing index teeth and higher average PD may be risk factors for cognitive decline. Periodontitis may increase inflammatory cytokines in rat models of AD.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia , Saúde Bucal , Periodontite/complicações , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença de Alzheimer/etiologia , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/toxicidade , Animais , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Causalidade , Córtex Cerebral/química , China/epidemiologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Hipocampo/química , Humanos , Interleucina-1/análise , Masculino , Aprendizagem em Labirinto , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/toxicidade , Índice Periodontal , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/etiologia , Periodontite/fisiopatologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fatores de Risco , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
8.
Arch Oral Biol ; 116: 104763, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32480011

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the underlying mechanism between diabetic periodontitis and NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome associated pyroptosis. DESIGN: Experimental models of diabetes-associated periodontitis were implemented in db/db mice. We detected NLRP3 inflammasome related cytokines and gasdermin D (GSDMD) both in vitro and in vivo. We performed bioinformatics predictions based on microarray analysis using bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDMs). RESULTS: Diabetes-associated periodontitis mice exhibited the worst fasting glucose and alveolar bone destruction. GSDMD positive cells and NLRP3 inflammasome expression were augmented in gingival tissue, which were partly reversed by metformin. In vitro data suggested NLRP3 inflammasomes stimuli induced cell pyroptotic death and deletion of NLRP3 decreased GSDMD expression. We found a profile of differential lncRNAs expression and three co-expressed lncRNAs of nlrp3 and gsdmd in BMDMs. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that NLRP3 mediated pyroptosis has a significant role in diabetes-associated periodontitis. The pyroptotic cell death may be the pivot reason of the deteriorated inflammation in this disease, which is ameliorated by metformin treatment. Moreover, the role of both NLRP3 and GSDMD may be regulated by lncRNA_1810058I24Rik, lncRNA_Gm12474 and lncRNA_Gm41514.


Assuntos
Complicações do Diabetes , Diabetes Mellitus , Metformina , Periodontite , Animais , Inflamassomos , Metformina/farmacologia , Camundongos , Quinases Relacionadas a NIMA/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Periodontite/etiologia , Piroptose
9.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 116, 2020 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The biologic width is defined as the coronal dimension to the alveolar bone that is occupied by healthy gingival tissue. The objective of the present study was to correlate radiographic findings of biologic width invasion with the periodontium status. METHODS: It were included 14 patients with restored teeth with biological width invasion, on the proximal sites, observed clinically and radiographically. 122 proximal sites were evaluated, 61 in the test group (biological width invasion) and 61 in the control group (adequate biological width). Smokers and patients presenting periodontal disease or restorations with contact in eccentric movements, horizontal over-contour or secondary caries were excluded from the sample. The invasion of the biologic width was diagnosed when the distance from the gingival margin of restoration to the bony crest was less than 3 mm. Intrabony defect and bone crest level, as well as, their vertical and horizontal components were radiographically evaluated when present. Plaque index, bleeding on probing, probing depth, gingival recession height, keratinized gingival height and thickness, and clinical attachment level were clinically evaluated. Data were subjected to Spearman's Correlation and Wilcoxon's test. RESULT: The most prevalent tooth with biological width invasion was the first molar. There was a statistically significant correlation between the bone crest (p < 0.001), vertical (p < 0.001) and horizontal (p = 0.001) components. In the test group, there was a statistically significant correlation between bleeding on probing (p < 0.001; r = 0.618) and width of gingival recession (p = 0.030; r = - 0.602) with the intraosseous component; and between keratinized gingival height and bone level (p = 0.037; r = - 0.267). In the control group, there was a correlation between plaque index (p = 0.027; r = - 0.283) with bone level and correlation between keratinized gingival thickness and bone level (p = 0.034; r = - 0.273) and intrabony component (p = 0.042; r = 0.226). CONCLUSION: A statistically significant relationship was found between bleeding on probing and gingival recession in patients who presented intrabony defects due to the invasion of biological width, which may be also related to the thickness of the keratinized gingiva.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Produtos Biológicos , Retração Gengival/diagnóstico por imagem , Periodonto/patologia , Adulto , Perda do Osso Alveolar/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gengiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Gengiva/patologia , Retração Gengival/etiologia , Retração Gengival/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/etiologia , Periodontite/diagnóstico por imagem , Periodontite/etiologia , Prevalência , Radiografia
10.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(4): 271-275, 2020 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268629

RESUMO

With the increase of adult patients seeking for orthodontic treatment, the influence of periodontal tissue on orthodontic treatment has gradually become the focus. For patients with periodontitis, it is essential to controlling the severity of periodontitis prior to orthodontic treatment. Periodontal disease can cause additional bone loss and make the orthodontic treatment complicated. Reducing the risk of orthodontic treatment in this situation is our major concern. In addition to periodontitis, orthodontic treatment may also cause gingival recession. On the other hand, the alveolar bone defects such as bone fenestration and bone dehiscence are common in some patients without periodontitis. For these patients, we should take more care of the interrelationship between bone defects and orthodontic treatment. This article briefly demonstrates the risk considerations of periodontal supporting tissue in orthodontic therapy focusing on the influence of periodontitis, gingival recession and alveolar bone fenestration and dehiscence.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Retração Gengival , Periodontite , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Adulto , Retração Gengival/etiologia , Retração Gengival/cirurgia , Humanos , Periodontite/etiologia , Periodontite/cirurgia , Periodonto , Fatores de Risco
11.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(3): 298-303, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32134026

RESUMO

Background: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most widely spread systemic diseases worldwide. It is characterized by hyperglycemic status with major multiorgan impact. With regard to the oral cavity, the relationship between diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease is well-known, although other dental diseases have been neglected. Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and correlate it with the inflammation of the marginal and apical periodontium and the status of the underlying disease. Subjects and Methods: The current prospective study analyzed 128 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in terms of marginal as well as apical periodontal involvement. The patients presented voluntarily for evaluation and treatment of oral diseases and their oral health status was established based on clinical and imaging examinations. Biological samples were collected when necessary to determine mycotic diseases. The clinical characteristics of each patient were recorded in a study sheet, and the data were centralized in electronic format using Microsoft Excel. The statistical values of the assessed cases were calculated with a two decimal accuracy, using the Chi-Square, Mann-Whitney and Student t tests. Results: The results obtained evidenced an incidence of apical periodontal infection of approximately 50%, with a slightly higher value for patients with decompensated diabetes mellitus compared to those with compensated diabetes mellitus. Conclusions: The results obtained show a higher incidence of apical periodontal infections, regardless of the compensation level of type 2 diabetes mellitus.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Doenças Periodontais/etiologia , Periodontite/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Odontogênese , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Romênia/epidemiologia
12.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e012, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049112

RESUMO

Lipoproteins are important bacterial immunostimulating molecules capable of inducing receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANKL) and osteoclast formation in vitro and in vivo . Although these molecules are present in periodontopathogenic bacteria, their role in periodontitis is not known. In this study, we used Pam2CSK4 (PAM2), a synthetic molecule that mimics bacterial lipoprotein, to investigate the effects of lipoproteins on periodontitis in mice. C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into three experimental groups: 1) Negative control group: animals received vehicle injection; 2) Positive control group: animals received injection of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS); 3) PAM2 group: animals received PAM2 injection. All the injections were performed bilaterally every other day into the palatal mucosa between first and second molars. After twenty-four days, the animals were euthanized to assess alveolar bone volume (micro-CT), cellular and extracellular composition in the gingiva (stereometric analysis), and osteoclast numbers (TRAP staining). Treatment with either PAM2 or LPS induced gingival inflammation, as demonstrated by increased infiltration of inflammatory cells and enhanced angiogenesis, associated with a smaller number of fibroblasts and decreased extracellular matrix. Importantly, treatment not only with LPS but also with PAM2 resulted in a larger number of TRAP+ multinucleated osteoclasts and significant loss of alveolar bone. Collectively, our data demonstrate that PAM2 can induce gingival inflammation and bone loss in mice, broadening the avenues of investigation into the role of lipoproteins in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease.


Assuntos
Lipopeptídeos/farmacologia , Periodontite/etiologia , Periodontite/patologia , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/antagonistas & inibidores , Perda do Osso Alveolar/etiologia , Perda do Osso Alveolar/patologia , Processo Alveolar/efeitos dos fármacos , Processo Alveolar/patologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Gengiva/efeitos dos fármacos , Gengiva/patologia , Gengivite/etiologia , Gengivite/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoclastos/fisiologia , Periodontite/microbiologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato , Fatores de Tempo , Microtomografia por Raio-X
13.
Lasers Med Sci ; 35(4): 991-998, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955304

RESUMO

This study aimed to histologically and radiographically evaluate the effectiveness of low-intensity laser irradiation of different wavelengths (660 or 808 nm) as an adjunct to scaling and root planing in the treatment of experimental periodontitis in rats. Periodontitis was induced by placing a ligature around the mandibular first molar of the rats. In total, 40 Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups (n = 8 each): control (CG), periodontal disease (PD), scaling and root planing (SRP), SRP + 660 nm laser (GL660) and SRP + 808 nm laser (GL808). Groups with laser use received radiation at 6 points in the first molar. The animals were euthanized at baseline and at 7 and 14 days after the interventions. Mandibles were surgically removed for histomorphometric and radiographic assessment of periodontal tissues. The GL660 group showed lesser bone loss than the PD group (P < 0.05) and greater alveolar bone margin after 14 days, indicating a better long-term treatment response (P < 0.05). These findings suggest that SRP with the 660 nm laser as an adjunct results in more favorable radiographic and histological responses than the 808 nm laser.


Assuntos
Raspagem Dentária , Ligadura/efeitos adversos , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Periodontite/etiologia , Periodontite/radioterapia , Aplainamento Radicular , Animais , Terapia Combinada , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Ligamento Periodontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamento Periodontal/efeitos da radiação , Periodontite/diagnóstico por imagem , Periodontite/patologia , Fotoquimioterapia , Ratos Wistar
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958293

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of clindamycin compared with amoxicillin-metronidazole after a 7-day regimen during nonsurgical treatment of periodontitis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized clinical trial, a total of 42 patients with chronic periodontitis and type 2 diabetes were included. Patients were randomly assigned to treatment with either clindamycin or amoxicillin-metronidazole three times a day during 7 days. Clinical determinations (probing depth, bleeding on probe, and plaque index) were performed to determine the extent and severity of periodontitis before and after the pharmacological treatment. RESULTS: After 7 days of administration of clindamycin or amoxicillin-metronidazole, no differences were observed between the clinical determinations, probing depth (0.44 vs 0.50 mm, p=0.624), plaque index (17.62 vs 15.88%, p=0.910), and bleeding on probing (16.12 vs 22.17%, p=0.163), respectively. There were no adverse events in either group. CONCLUSION: The administration during 7 days of clindamycin or amoxicillin/metronidazole showed the same efficacy for the reduction of probing depth, plaque index, and bleeding on probing in patients with periodontitis and type 2 diabetes.


Assuntos
Amoxicilina/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Clindamicina/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Metronidazol/uso terapêutico , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Periodontite/etiologia , Periodontite/patologia , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
15.
Immunol Lett ; 218: 11-21, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863783

RESUMO

Aging humans display an increased prevalence and severity of periodontitis, although the mechanisms underlying these findings remain poorly understood. This report examined antigenic diversity of P. gingivalis related to disease presence and patient demographics. Serum IgG antibody to P. gingivalis strains ATCC33277, FDC381, W50 (ATCC53978), W83, A7A1-28 (ATCC53977) and A7436 was measured in 426 participants [periodontally healthy (n = 61), gingivitis (N = 66) or various levels of periodontitis (N = 299)]. We hypothesized that antigenic diversity in P. gingivalis could contribute to a lack of "immunity" in the chronic infections of periodontal disease. Across the strains, the antibody levels in the oldest age group were lower than in the youngest groups, and severe periodontitis patients did not show higher antibody with aging. While 80 % of the periodontitis patients in any age group showed an elevated response to at least one of the P. gingivalis strains, the patterns of individual responses in the older group were also substantially different than the other age groups. Significantly greater numbers of older patients showed strain-specific antibody profiles to only 1 strain. The findings support that P. gingivalis may demonstrate antigenic diversity/drift within patients and could be one factor to help explain the inefficiency/ineffectiveness of the adaptive immune response in managing the infection.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antibacterianos/imunologia , Infecções por Bacteroidaceae/diagnóstico , Infecções por Bacteroidaceae/imunologia , Variação Biológica Individual , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Periodontite/etiologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Infecções por Bacteroidaceae/microbiologia , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vigilância da População , Adulto Jovem
16.
Anaerobe ; 61: 102140, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838319

RESUMO

Porphyromonas gingivalis is a keystone pathogen in periodontitis. Analysis of the immunogenicity of its virulence factors may provide insight into the host response to this infection. The Kgp12 (IEDB Epitope ID 763561), an epitope of Lys-gingipain (Kgp) virulence factor from P. gingivalis ATCC 33277, elicits an immunoglobulin G (IgG) immunoreactivity with low cross-reactivity and, therefore, more specificity. The aim of the present study was to determine in silico the localization of Kgp12 within the protein and to evaluate the IgG host response to this novel Kgp peptide through its capacity to differentiate individuals with different periodontal status. Sera of 71 volunteers were tested by indirect ELISA to detect the IgG immunoreactivity specific to Kgp12, as well as to the protein HmuY and to the sonicated total extract of P. gingivalis ATCC33277, both used as gold standard. The participants had no systemic disease and were classified according to periodontal clinical parameters to comparison, firstly, into periodontitis (P) and without periodontitis (WP) groups and, secondly, into periodontitis (P), gingivitis (G) and clinically health (CH) ones. All the antigens tested, Kgp12 (p = 0.02), HmuY (p = 0.00) and P. gingivalis extract (p = 0.03), could differentiate P from WP groups considering IgG serum levels. P group also had higher IgG levels specific to Kgp12 (p = 0.03), HmuY (p < 0.01) and P. gingivalis extract (p = 0.01) when compared to G group. We conclude that the Kgp12 synthetic peptide was useful to detect the IgG-mediated host response signaling that it is a promising epitope to analyze the immunogenicity of P. gingivalis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Bacteroidaceae/metabolismo , Infecções por Bacteroidaceae/microbiologia , Cisteína Endopeptidases Gingipaínas/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Periodontite/etiologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis/enzimologia , Infecções por Bacteroidaceae/imunologia , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Epitopos/imunologia , Feminino , Cisteína Endopeptidases Gingipaínas/química , Cisteína Endopeptidases Gingipaínas/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Masculino , Modelos Moleculares , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/imunologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis/imunologia , Transporte Proteico , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
J Med Life ; 13(4): 580-586, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33456610

RESUMO

The associations between periodontitis and cardiovascular diseases have been intensely studied in recent years. Oxidative stress is involved in the initiation and both progression of periodontitis and atherosclerosis. Antioxidants can reduce the effects of oxidative stress on inflammatory diseases. Our aim was to measure the effects of a grape seed extract (GSE), rich in antioxidants, on atherosclerosis caused by ligature-induced periodontitis in rats. Thirty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups of 10: control group, periodontitis group, and periodontitis group treated with GSE (GSE group). Periodontitis was induced by placing an orthodontic wire around the cervix of the first mandibular molar and keeping it in place for 4 weeks. On days 1, 7 and 28, blood samples were taken to assess oxidative stress and inflammation markers (malondialdehyde and glutathione - MDA, reduced glutathione - GSH, C reactive protein) and lipids. After 4 weeks, the animals were euthanized, and aortas were collected for histopathologic examination. MDA was significantly higher in Periodontitis group compared to the other groups only at day 7. GSH was significantly increased in the Control and GSE groups on days 1 and 7, compared to Periodontitis group and on day 28 higher in GSE vs. Periodontitis groups. C reactive protein was significantly increased in the Periodontitis group on days 1 and 7 compared to both groups. Cholesterol was significantly decreased in the aortas of GSE group at day 28 compared to the Periodontitis group. Oral administration of a grape seed extract reduces the oxidative stress, inflammation and atherosclerosis in a rat model of ligature-induced periodontitis.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/uso terapêutico , Periodontite/complicações , Periodontite/etiologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Aorta/patologia , Aterosclerose/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Glutationa/metabolismo , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/administração & dosagem , Ligadura , Masculino , Malondialdeído/sangue , Periodontite/sangue , Periodontite/patologia , Ratos Wistar
18.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(1): 1-8, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1049727

RESUMO

Objective: Periodontal diseases are very common dental disease. Many risk factors may play significant role in the periodontal disease initiation and progression. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of khat chewing, smoking, age and gender on periodontal status among Yemeni adults. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 1231 patients attending the outpatient dental polyclinics of University of Science and Technology during the academic years 2017/2018. All completed sheets were collected throughout the year by the supervisors. Data cleaning, descriptive statistics, and inferential statistics were then performed. Results: Khat chewers were more frequent than non-chewers counterparts (60.7% vs. 39.3%). The prevalence of smoking was 25.5% (297 patients). Study results indicated that periodontitis is more associated with female gender and participants aged more than 35 years old. Results also showed that female and age older participants aged more than 35 years were significantly associated with gingival recession. Mean number of the teeth with gingival recession in male patients were higher than in females. Male gender and patients aged more than 35 years old were significantly associated with furcation involvement. Conclusion: The present study has shown females gender and age older than 35 seem to be risk factors of periodontal diseases. Males has more teeth affected by gingival recession and more furcation involvement (AU)


Objetivo: As doenças periodontais são patologias dentárias com alta prevalência. Diversos fatores de risco podem desempenhar papel significativo no início e progressão das doenças periodontais. Este estudo foi realizado para avaliar os efeitos da mastigação de khat, tabagismo, idade e gênero na condição periodontal de adultos iemenitas. Material e Métodos: Este estudo transversal foi realizado em 1231 pacientes atendidos nas policlínicas odontológicas ambulatoriais da Universidade de Ciência e Tecnologia durante os anos acadêmicos de 2017/2018 através de um questionário para coleta de dados préestabelecido. Todas os questionários preenchidos foram coletados ao longo do ano pelos supervisores. A apuração dos dados, estatística descritiva e estatística inferencial foram realizadas. Resultados: os mastigadores de Khat foram mais frequentes do que as não-mastigadores (60,7% vs. 39,3%). A prevalência de tabagismo foi de 25,5% (297 pacientes). Os resultados do estudo indicaram que a periodontite está mais associada ao gênero feminino e aos participantes com mais de 35 anos de idade. Os resultados também mostraram que participantes do gênero feminino e acima de 35 anos foram significativamente associadas à recessão gengival. O número médio de dentes com recessão gengival em pacientes do gênero masculino foi maior que no feminino. O gênero masculino e os pacientes com mais de 35 anos de idade foram significativamente associados ao envolvimento da furca. Conclusão: O presente estudo mostrou que o gênero feminino e a idade acima de 35 anos parecem ser fatores de risco para doenças periodontais. Pacientes do gênero masculino têm mais dentes afetados pela recessão gengival e mais envolvimento de furca.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Tabagismo/epidemiologia , Catha , Mastigação , Doenças Periodontais/etiologia , Periodontite/etiologia , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Tabagismo/complicações , Iêmen/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Defeitos da Furca/etiologia , Defeitos da Furca/epidemiologia , Distribuição por Idade , Catha/efeitos adversos , Retração Gengival/etiologia , Retração Gengival/epidemiologia
19.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0226266, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846467

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review was to assess the presence of Trichomonas tenax in patients with periodontitis and to elucidate its potential role in the onset and development of this disease. METHOD: Systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines and by consulting the five databases: Medline, Science Direct, Web of Science, Dentistry and Oral Science Sources and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Following Koch's postulates revisited by Socransky as PICO framework, this collection data was only including full text of clinical trials concerning patients with periodontitis, case-reports and in vitro research published between 1960 and March 2019. RESULTS: On the 376 studies identified, only 25 fulfilled our eligible criteria. Most of these studies were in vitro research articles designed to evaluate potential virulence factors, and others were clinical trials (case-control studies, randomized controlled trial) and case-reports. The analysis of these papers has shown that i) Trichomonas tenax is more frequently detected in dental biofilm from sites with periodontitis than in healthy sites; ii) this live flagellate seems capable of producing diverse enzymes that could participate in periodontal breakdown and has the capacity to adhere to epithelial cells, its lysed form could induce the synthesis of IL-8 from macrophage cell lines; iii) the impact of non-surgical treatment of periodontitis have not been thoroughly evaluated on the presence of T. tenax. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review has reported the presence of T. tenax more frequently in diseased than healthy sites and the capacity of this flagellate to synthesis enzymes which could participate to the degradation of periodontal tissues. Nevertheless, these data do not meet all the postulates and are not enough to provide firm conclusions about the role of T. tenax in the etiopathogenesis of periodontitis.


Assuntos
Periodontite/etiologia , Periodontite/parasitologia , Trichomonas/fisiologia , Humanos
20.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 19379, 2019 12 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852912

RESUMO

The role of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) or its virulence factors, including lipopolysaccharide (LPS) not only has been related with periodontitis but also with endothelial dysfunction, a key mechanism involved in the genesis of atherosclerosis and hypertension that involving systemic inflammatory markers as angiotensin II (Ang II) and cytokines. This study compares the effect of repeated and unique exposures of P. gingivalis W83 LPS and live bacteria on the production and expression of inflammatory mediators and vasoconstrictor molecules with Ang II. Human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC) were stimulated with purified LPS of P. gingivalis (1.0, 3.5 or 7.0 µg/mL) or serial dilutions of live bacteria (MOI 1: 100 - 1:0,1) at a single or repeated exposure for a time of 24 h. mRNA expression levels of AGTR1, AGTR2, IL-8, IL-1ß and MCP-1 were determined by RT-qPCR, and IL-6, MCP-1, IL-8, IL-1ß and GM-CSF levels were measured by flow cytometry, ELISA determined Ang II levels. Live bacteria in a single dose increased mRNA levels of AGTR1, and repeated doses increased mRNA levels of IL-8 and IL-1ß (p < 0.05). Repeated exposure of live-P. gingivalis induced significant production IL-6, MCP-1 and GM-CSF (p < 0.05). Moreover, these MCP-1, IL-6 and GM-CSF levels were greater than in cells treated with single exposure (p < 0.05), The expression of AGTR1 and production of Ang II induced by live-P. gingivalis W83 showed a vasomotor effect of whole bacteria in HCAEC more than LPS. In conclusion, the findings of this study suggest that repeated exposure of P. gingivalis in HCAEC induces the activation of proinflammatory and vasoconstrictor molecules that lead to endothelial dysfunction being a key mechanism of the onset and progression of arterial hypertension and atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Angiotensina II/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Periodontite/etiologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis/metabolismo , Angiotensina II/genética , Aterosclerose/microbiologia , Aterosclerose/patologia , Quimiocina CCL2/genética , Vasos Coronários/metabolismo , Vasos Coronários/microbiologia , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/microbiologia , Citometria de Fluxo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/genética , Humanos , Hipertensão/microbiologia , Hipertensão/patologia , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/microbiologia , Inflamação/patologia , Interleucina-6/genética , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Periodontite/genética , Periodontite/metabolismo , Periodontite/microbiologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis/patogenicidade , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina/genética
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