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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21919, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871926

RESUMO

Pharmacists with long experience and low personal satisfaction from work are at higher risk of burnout, but the role of specific personality traits is less well understood. In addition, the medical system in China is different from that of other countries, and the characteristics of pharmacist burnout might be different from that of other countries. This study evaluated the roles played by personality, working environment, and work characteristics on burnout and job satisfaction among Chinese hospital pharmacists.This was a cross-sectional study undertaken between April 28 and 30, 2017. The questionnaires were completed at the "National Academic Conference of the Chinese Society of Clinical Pharmacy". Questionnaires were handed out to 1786 pharmacists, and 1394 valid questionnaires were analyzed using structural equation modeling techniques.The final structural model showed that, as expected, personality and working environment factors directly or indirectly predicted burnout dimensions (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduction of personal accomplishment) and job satisfaction variables. The analyses were consistent with the features of pharmacists' work characteristics, including job demands, job control, and workload playing mediating roles between antecedent variables (personality and working environment) and emotional outcomes (burnout and job satisfaction). On the other hand, job control and workload did not predict emotional exhaustion.This study indicates that personality is a negative predictor of 2 dimensions of burnout (emotional exhaustion and depersonalization), while the working environment, especially job demand, is a predictor of burnout and greater emotional exhaustion. Work characteristics are positively related to job satisfaction and play a protective role against burnout.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Farmacêuticos/psicologia , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Despersonalização , Ajustamento Emocional , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Personalidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
2.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(Suppl 1): 188-193, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Typus Melancholicus (TM) is the premorbid personality of endogenous depression defined by Tellenbach and Kraus and characterized by orderliness, conscientiousness, norm orientation and intolerance of ambiguity. Tellenbach's hypothesis was to find around 50% of TM in the sample of patients with an Unipolar Depression (UD). The present paper aims to make a literature review on the relationship between the Typus Melancholicus (TM) and Unipolar Depression (UD). METHODS: Nineteen references were selected through searches on PubMed, Google Scholar and Sciences-Direct with the following MeSH terms in the title: Typus Melancholicus AND Depressive or Depression or Dépression or Depressione. Nine of them were selected for our review. RESULTS: Eight of the nine reviewed articles confirm Tellenbach's hypothesis. The literature review also shows that, in a population of UD, TM is always constant regardless of age or sex, has no relationship to clinical characteristics and could contribute to the chronicity of depression. The TM with depression have increased levels of "lack of vital drive" and "feelings of guilt" and low scores in irritability and dysphoria compared to Non-Typus Melancholicus (NTM). Due to its characteristics, TM could also be involved in some pathologies such as burnout or postpartum depression. TM does not seem to be linked to a particular Personality Disorder or maladaptive personality, but the two may coexist in certain circumstances. It has been suggested that specific psychotherapeutic methods can be used to treat TM with UD. CONCLUSIONS: The TM could be very useful in our clinical practice. Better practical knowledge of TM could lead to more efficient psychiatric care as well as heightened capacity to predict new episodes.


Assuntos
Depressão Pós-Parto , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Transtornos da Personalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Personalidade , Inventário de Personalidade
3.
Wiad Lek ; 73(4): 679-683, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731696

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To determine the dynamics of adaptation resources and the level of psychological safety of the personality in service members of the National Guard of Ukraine who participated in combat operations in the East of Ukraine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: To determine the peculiarities of military personnel adaptation to the combat activity, the "Adaptability-200" and "Disdaptability-45" methodologies were used. To determine the level of psychological safety of combatants we used "Diagnosis of psychological safety personality" and "Express diagnosis of psychological safety personality" Methodologies. The study was carried out during 2017, with 163 military participating. RESULTS: Results: Being 2-3 weeks in combat conditions, 54% service members revealed high, 32% - average level of adaptability, and in 14% of them signs of non-adaptability were detected. The data of adaptation resources of combatants correlates with the results of diagnostics of psychological safety of personality: in 43% of them high level, 42% - average and 15% - low level of psychological safety were revealed. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The data obtained in the absolute majority of service members (86%) shows a good adaptability to combat conditions, and allows predicting adequate response to extreme conditions, high probability of preserving of the mental health and disability after the influence of vital factors.


Assuntos
Militares , Adaptação Fisiológica , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Personalidade , Ucrânia
4.
Am Psychol ; 75(5): 729-730, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673018

RESUMO

Bleidorn et al. (2019) argued that personality traits, as important determinants of life outcomes, should be the object of treatment interventions. They suggested that self-reports on standard personality questionnaires provide necessary and sufficient evidence of trait change. However, the self-concept-on which self-reports are based-may change without any alteration in the underlying trait. Additional evidence, such as that provided by independent informant ratings, is needed, and multimethod assessments should be a feature of all studies of trait change. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Transtornos da Personalidade , Personalidade , Humanos , Determinação da Personalidade , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Autorrelato
5.
Am Psychol ; 75(5): 731-732, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673019

RESUMO

McCrae (2020) argues that it is premature to explore interventions focused on personality change. In his commentary, he suggests that interventions should be promoted only if their effects in self-report data are confirmed by the additional opinion of informants. We agree with the essence of his position and would go further by envisioning a new framework for rigorous collaborative research on personality change (Bleidorn et al., 2020). We nevertheless maintain that policymakers would benefit from considering the additional opinion of personality scientists. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Transtornos da Personalidade , Personalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Políticas , Projetos de Pesquisa , Comportamento Social
6.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235883, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32649687

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic began in December 2019 and severely influenced society. In response, the Japanese government declared a state of emergency on 7th April in seven prefectures. The study conducted an immediate survey on 8th April to record the response of the general public to the first emergency status due to epidemics. The study hypothesized that personality traits, moral foundation, and political ideology can influence people's mentality, cognition, and behavior toward COVID-19. Based on a nationwide dataset of 1856 respondents (male = 56.3%, Mage = 46.7, emergency regions = 49.9%), the study found that personality, morality, and ideology altered mental health status and motivated behaviors toward COVID-19. Neuroticism and avoiding harm involved cognition and behavior through various means. The study also found significant differences among demographic groups. Results are informative and contributive to the governance and management of, and aid for, individual responses to the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Atitude , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Princípios Morais , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Personalidade , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Science ; 369(6499): 33, 2020 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32631882
8.
Wiad Lek ; 73(6): 1164-1168, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32723946

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: Based on previous studies, develop medical and psychological recommendations to increase the motivation for the work of nurses and medical assistants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: During 2015-2018 Students of the Kharkov Regional Medical College (100 experimental people and 100 control groups) studied the types of motivation of medical personnel to work in key positions. The article analyzes the relationship between motivation and the individual - typological characteristics of the person using the psychodiagnostic methodology of the individually - typological questionnaire L.N. Sobchik and author's profile A.V. Grishnyaeva. RESULTS: Results: Аfter analyzing the above data, we can say that a combination of motivation or its absence with certain individual and typological characteristics of individuals leads to different results of adaptation to the primary positions of future medical workers. The imbalance of individual-personality structures and motivation leads to an accentuation of character, which contributes to maladaptation and professional burnout. CONCLUSION: Conditions: Given the connection between motivation and individual - typological characteristics of the personality, it is possible to make the correct personnel distribution and prevent the professional burnout of employees.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Motivação , Personalidade , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235436, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609765

RESUMO

Modern psychological theories postulate that individual differences in prejudice are determined by social and ideological attitudes instead of personality. For example, the dual-process motivational (DPM) model argues that personality does not directly associate with prejudice when controlling for the attitudinal variables that capture the authoritarian-conservatism motivation and the dominance motivation. Previous studies testing the DPM model largely relied on convenience samples and/or European samples, and have produced inconsistent results. Here we examined the extent to which anti-black prejudice was associated with the Big Five personality traits and social and ideological attitudes (authoritarianism, social dominance orientation, political party affiliation) in two large probability samples of the general population (N1 = 3,132; N2 = 2,483) from the American National Election Studies (ANES). We performed structural equation modeling (SEM) to test the causal assumptions between the latent variables and used survey weights to generate estimates that were representative of the population. Different from prior theories, across both datasets we found that two personality traits, agreeableness and conscientiousness, were directly associated with anti-black prejudice when controlling for authoritarianism, social dominance orientation, and political party affiliation. We also found that a substantial part of the associations between personality traits and anti-black prejudice were mediated through those social and ideological attitudes, which might serve as candidates for prejudice-reduction interventions in the real world.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos , Personalidade , Preconceito/psicologia , Percepção Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atitude , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Psicológicos , Política , Poder Psicológico , Teoria Psicológica , Predomínio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
10.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235396, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609785

RESUMO

Personality traits such as grit and self-control are important determinants of success in life outcomes. However, most measures of these traits, which rely on self-reports, might be biased when used for the purpose of evaluating education policies or interventions. Recent research has shown the potential of survey effort-in particular, item non-response and careless answering-as a proxy measure of these traits. The current investigation uses a dataset of high school seniors (N = 513) to investigate survey effort measures in relationship with teacher reports, performance task measures, high school academic outcomes, and college attendance. Our results show promise for use of survey effort as proxy measures of grit and self-control.


Assuntos
Sucesso Acadêmico , Motivação , Personalidade/fisiologia , Autorrelato , Autocontrole/psicologia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes
11.
Psychiatr Hung ; 35(3): 269-288, 2020.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643618

RESUMO

The development of our techno civilization by the enormous increase of information flow and mobility signi ficantly increased conflicts of our time's spiritual streams. That means elevated burden of increased degree for people of weaker balance of mind. The political changes of the early of '90 made it possible to establish a department in the National Institute with a profile for treating mentally confused people being in some accented connection with spirituality: thus members gotten psychiatrically ill in various kinds of religions, new religious movements, and esote - ric flows. This was the Religion Psychological Psychiatric Department (VLPO). Here we had to elaborate a method of complex treatment being capable to deal with the spirituality even the gravest cases of patients with schizophrenia. We have to elaborate a common image of human personality, to build together the four dimensions of treatment, and to form an adequate complex therapeutic system according to the basic model of human archetypal development. We name all this process Reparenting.


Assuntos
Religião , Esquizofrenia/terapia , Adaptação Psicológica , Humanos , Personalidade , Espiritualidade
12.
Psychiatr Hung ; 35(3): 322-336, 2020.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643621

RESUMO

In the past two decades, there has been a considerable research interest in celebrity worship. According to the general view, celebrity worship can be considered as a continuum, ranging from a healthy enthusiasm to an exces - sive involvement. A considerable proportion of research investigating this phenomenon has focused on the explora - tion of the underlying mechanisms of excessive celebrity worship. In light of this, the primary aim of the present review is to summarize and synthesize the clinical and personality psychological characteristics of the attitudes related to celebrity worship, based on the international literature. In this review, we introduce the definition and assessment of celebrity worship. Following this, we describe the demographical and personality correlates of excessive celebrity wor - ship, and analyze the findings of empirical studies on psychological well-being, cognitive and social functioning. Based upon all this, it can be concluded that excessive celebrity worship is associated with some psychiatric symptoms (e.g., symptoms of depression and anxiety) and a lower level of cognitive (e.g., critical thinking) and social skills (e.g., attachment to peers). In this review, we also elaborate on the possibilities and challenges of future research.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Comportamental , Pessoas Famosas , Personalidade , Atitude , Emoções , Humanos , Grupo Associado
13.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234232, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-596043

RESUMO

Following the fast spread of Covid-19 across Europe and North America in March 2020, many people started stockpiling commodities like toilet paper. Despite the high relevance for public authorities to adequately address stockpiling behavior, empirical studies on the psychological underpinnings of toilet paper stockpiling are still scarce. In this study, we investigated the relation between personality traits, perceived threat of Covid-19, and stockpiling of toilet paper in an online survey (N = 996) across 22 countries. Results suggest that people who felt more threatened by Covid-19 stockpiled more toilet paper. Further, a predisposition towards Emotionality predicted the perceived threat of Covid-19 and affected stockpiling behavior indirectly. Finally, Conscientiousness was related to toilet paper stockpiling, such that individuals higher in Conscientiousness tended to stockpile more toilet paper. These results emphasize the importance of clear communication by public authorities acknowledging anxiety and, at the same time, transmitting a sense of control.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Colecionismo , Modelos Psicológicos , Personalidade , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adulto , Aparelho Sanitário , Comportamento do Consumidor , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Higiene , Masculino , América do Norte , Pandemias , Papel , Testes de Personalidade
14.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0232570, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32484832

RESUMO

In the last years, there has been a considerable increase of research into the neuroimaging correlates of inter-individual temperament and character variability-an endeavour for which the term 'personality neuroscience' was coined. Among other neuroimaging modalities and approaches, substantial work focuses on functional connectivity in resting state (rs-FC) functional magnetic resonance imaging data. In the current paper, we set out to independently query the questions asked in a highly cited study that reported a range of functional connectivity correlates of personality dimensions assessed by the widely used 'Big Five' Personality Inventory. Using a larger sample (84 subjects) and an equivalent data analysis pipeline, we obtained widely disagreeing results compared to the original study. Overall, the results were in line with the hypotheses of no relation between functional connectivity and personality, when more precise permutation-based multiple testing procedures were applied. The results demonstrate that as with other neuroimaging studies, great caution should be applied when interpreting the findings, among other reasons due to multiple testing problem involved at several levels in many neuroimaging studies. Of course, the current study results can not ultimately disprove the existence of some link between personality and brain's intrinsic functional architecture, but clearly shows that its form is very likely different and much more subtle and elusive than was previously reported.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/fisiologia , Personalidade/fisiologia , Adulto , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Mapeamento Encefálico , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Vias Neurais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vias Neurais/fisiologia , Testes de Personalidade , Descanso
15.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 66(2): 178-192, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552587

RESUMO

Level of personality functioning and attachment style as predictors of the successful referral to outpatient psychotherapy Objectives: Outpatient psychotherapy is a key element in the effective treatment of mental health problems. First results suggest that interpersonal problems lead to difficulties in receiving outpatient psychotherapeutic treatment. The relationship between these difficulties, attachment style, and the level of personality functioning is still unclear. Methods: We invited 1011 patients of a psychosomatic-psychotherapeutic university outpatient clinic to participate in the study. The clinical diagnoses according to ICD-10, as well as symptoms of depression (PHQ-D), and quality of life (SF-36) were recorded. Hypothesized predictors for the successful referral to outpatient therapy were patient age, availability of local outpatient treatment, number of ICD-10 diagnoses, the motivation for psychotherapy (FPTM), fear of stigmatization (Stig-9), level of personality functioning (OPD-SQ), and attachment style (ECR-RD). Results: We were able to catamnestically reassess n = 300 patients (67.3 % of patients initially referred to outpatient therapy). A smaller number of clinical diagnoses, greater availability of psychotherapeutic care and higher therapy motivation, as well as a lower level of personality functioning predicted the successful referral to outpatient psychotherapy, while the combination of impaired personality functioning and avoidant attachment style was a negative predictor. Conclusions: Contrary to expectations, patients with a lower level of personality functioning are more successful in receiving outpatient psychotherapy. However, patients with a combination of impaired personality functioning and a high degree of attachment avoidance run the risk of not asserting their need for treatment.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Apego ao Objeto , Pacientes Ambulatoriais/psicologia , Personalidade , Psicoterapia , Qualidade de Vida , Encaminhamento e Consulta/normas , Humanos , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234232, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530911

RESUMO

Following the fast spread of Covid-19 across Europe and North America in March 2020, many people started stockpiling commodities like toilet paper. Despite the high relevance for public authorities to adequately address stockpiling behavior, empirical studies on the psychological underpinnings of toilet paper stockpiling are still scarce. In this study, we investigated the relation between personality traits, perceived threat of Covid-19, and stockpiling of toilet paper in an online survey (N = 996) across 22 countries. Results suggest that people who felt more threatened by Covid-19 stockpiled more toilet paper. Further, a predisposition towards Emotionality predicted the perceived threat of Covid-19 and affected stockpiling behavior indirectly. Finally, Conscientiousness was related to toilet paper stockpiling, such that individuals higher in Conscientiousness tended to stockpile more toilet paper. These results emphasize the importance of clear communication by public authorities acknowledging anxiety and, at the same time, transmitting a sense of control.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Colecionismo , Modelos Psicológicos , Personalidade , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adulto , Aparelho Sanitário , Comportamento do Consumidor , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Higiene , Masculino , América do Norte , Pandemias , Papel , Testes de Personalidade
17.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 183(1): 1-11, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503005

RESUMO

Objective: Little is known about how lifestyle affects psychological well-being in overweight women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We investigated the effects of behavioral modification on psychological well-being and the impact of well-being and personality traits on successful weight loss. Design: A 4-month randomized controlled trial with a 12-month follow-up at a University Hospital. Methods: Sixty-eight women with PCOS, aged 18 to 40 years with a BMI ≥27 kg/m2, were randomized (1:1) into a behavioral modification program (intervention) or minimal intervention (control). The outcome measures were the psychological well being index and the Swedish universities scales of personality. Results: At baseline, 60% had a global psychological well being index corresponding to severe distress and 40% to moderate distress. There was no significant change in mean global well-being score at 4 months within or between groups. However, after 4 months, the intervention group expressed less anxiety (P = .035), higher general health (P = .012) and lower depressed mood (P = .033). Anxiety and general health tended to differ between groups (P = .06, respectively) favoring intervention. In the whole population, women achieving ≥5% weight loss at 12 months (n = 18) were less anxious at baseline compared to those who had not (P = .004). Personality trait-analysis showed that the weight-loss group had higher social desirability (P = .033) and lower embitterment (P = .023). Conclusions: Psychological well-being is severely impacted in overweight women with PCOS. Behavioral modification can positively impact dimensions of well-being, although not fully significant, compared to control treatment. Personality factors could contribute to the understanding of successful weight loss.


Assuntos
Obesidade/psicologia , Obesidade/terapia , Personalidade , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/psicologia , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/terapia , Programas de Redução de Peso , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Obesidade/complicações , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento , Perda de Peso , Adulto Jovem
18.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234686, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555590

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to analyze the associations of various individual- and environmental-related factors with subgroups of daily, frequent, moderate and low moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among children and adolescents. Data were obtained from the Finnish School-age Physical Activity (FSPA) study 2016 from 4677 national representative 11-, 13-, and 15-year-old children and adolescents. MVPA and individual- and environmental-related factors were assessed by a questionnaire and analyzed by two-level logistic regression. Seventeen of the twenty-one variables were statistically significantly associated with MVPA. However, only three variables were statistically significant in all MVPA subgroups, whereby self-directed PA at least twice a week, fewer perceived barriers, and higher peer support increased the odds of participating in more MVPA. The results from this study showed essential differences among the MVPA subgroups, also supporting previous findings, whereby various individual- and environmental-based factors are associated with children and adolescents' levels of MVPA. Challenges to designing and implementing effective interventions are based on the need to account for individual differences within the population, as well as the varied connections between PA with different social and physical environments where children and adolescents' PA takes place. PA interventions with various actions at multiple levels are warranted.


Assuntos
Meio Ambiente , Exercício Físico , Personalidade , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Finlândia , Humanos , Masculino , Grupo Associado , Características de Residência , Instituições Acadêmicas , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234111, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497111

RESUMO

In this study, we investigated individual traits that influence the frequency of involuntary musical imagery (INMI) and the emotional valence of these occurrences using the experience sampling method (ESM) that measures INMI in daily life at the moment they occur. As individual traits, the effects of non-clinical obsessive-compulsive (OC) tendencies, personality traits, and musical expertise were examined. Among them, we were particularly interested in the effect of OC tendencies that are assumed to be related to INMI but are yet to be fully examined using ESM. A total of 101 university students completed questionnaires that assessed OC tendencies, the Big Five personality traits, and musical expertise. During the seven-day sampling period, participants received smartphone notifications six times per day and responded by stating whether they had experienced INMI and described the emotional characteristics of those occurrences. A multilevel analysis showed the relationship between OC tendencies and INMI. A positive effect was observed for intrusive thoughts (obsession) on the occurrence of INMI. Regarding the emotional characteristics of INMI, a negative effect of compulsive washing was observed on both the pleasantness of INMI experiences and the extent to which the participants liked the music they had heard internally. The effects of both personality traits and musical expertise were also observed in the analysis of INMI occurrences, both of which are consistent with previous findings. In summary, the present study using ESM supports previous findings on individual traits that affect INMI and clarifies them with additional detail and accuracy.


Assuntos
Emoções , Imaginação , Música/psicologia , Adolescente , Afeto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/psicologia , Personalidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
20.
BMC Psychol ; 8(1): 54, 2020 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In view of heightened rates of suicide and evidence of poor mental health among healthcare occupational groups, such as veterinarians, doctors, pharmacists and dentists, there has been increasing focus on the students aiming for careers in these fields. It is often proposed that a high proportion of these students may possess personality traits which render them vulnerable to mental ill-health. AIM: To explore the relationship between the big five personality traits, perfectionism and mental health in UK students undertaking undergraduate degrees in veterinary medicine, medicine, pharmacy, dentistry and law. METHODS: A total of 1744 students studying veterinary medicine, medicine, dentistry, pharmacy and law in the UK completed an online questionnaire, which collected data on the big five personality traits (NEO-FFI), perfectionism (Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale), wellbeing (Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale), psychological distress (General Health Questionnaire-12), depression (Beck Depression Inventory-II) and suicidal ideation and attempts. RESULTS: Veterinary, medical and dentistry students were significantly more agreeable than law students, while veterinary students had the lowest perfectionism scores of the five groups studied. High levels of neuroticism and low conscientiousness were predictive of increased mental ill-health in each of the student populations. CONCLUSIONS: The study highlights that the prevailing anecdotal view of professional students possessing maladaptive personality traits that negatively impact on their mental health may be misplaced.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Perfeccionismo , Personalidade , Estudantes/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido , Adulto Jovem
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