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1.
Global Health ; 17(1): 19, 2021 02 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33573673

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Deaths by COVID-19 have left behind nearly 12 million recent bereaved individuals worldwide and researchers have raised concerns that the circumstances of COVID-19 related deaths will lead to a rise prevalence of prolonged grief disorder (PGD) cases. However, to date, no studies have examined the prevalence of PGD among people bereaved due to COVID-19. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of PGD and investigated demographic and loss-related factors associated with prolonged grief symptoms among Chinese individuals bereaved due to COVID-19. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional online survey conducted between September 1 and October 3, 2020. A total of 422 Chinese participants (55.5% males; 32.73 [9.31] years old) who lost a close person due to COVID-19 participated in the study. Demographic and loss-related information was collected, and self-reported prolonged grief symptoms were measured by a 13-item International Prolonged Grief Disorder Scale (IPGDS: 1-65) and a 17-item Traumatic Grief Inventory Self Report (TGI-SR: 1-85). Multiple linear regression analysis was used to determine the associated factors of levels of grief symptoms. RESULTS: Prevalence of PGD was 37.8% screened by IPGDS and 29.3% by TGI-SR. No difference was found in levels of grief symptoms between participants whose close one died more than 6 months ago and those who experienced the loss less than 6 months ago. More severe prolonged grief symptoms assessed by IPGDS was associated with losing a close person by COVID-19 rather than complications (B: 5.35; 95% CI: 0.54-10.05), losing a partner (B: 7.80; 95% CI: 3.24-12.37), child (B: 8.15; 95% CI: 1.03-15.26), and parent (B: 5.49; 95% CI: 1.49-9.48) rather than losing a relative or a person with other relationship, feeling more traumatic about the loss (B: 1.71; 95% CI: 0.52-2.90), being closer with the deceased (B: 1.60; 95% CI: 0.34-2.86). Moreover, Losing a grandparent (B: 6.62; 95% CI: 0.53-12.71) and having more conflicts with the deceased (B: 1.05; 95% CI: - 0.008-2.11) were related to higher levels of grief symptoms assessed by TGI-SR. CONCLUSIONS: Echoing researchers' concerns, the prevalence of PGD is high among people bereaved due to COVID-19. Individuals with a higher risk of developing PGD should be identified and bereavement support should be offered as early as possible.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Adaptação/epidemiologia , Pesar , Adulto , Luto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
2.
JAMA ; 325(4): 349-350, 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33496778
3.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(1)2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33495179

RESUMO

We present an unusual case of an acutely unwell patient with an upper gastrointestinal bleed whose resuscitation efforts were delayed by the discovery of his, similarly, acutely unwell pet on the medical high dependency unit. We highlight the challenges this provided the clinical team and focus on the issues relating to patient safety, consent and multidisciplinary action which may be more relevant to daily clinical practice.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/terapia , Gastroscopia , Pesar , Animais de Estimação , Animais , Galinhas , Humanos , Masculino , Competência Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Preferência do Paciente , Assistência Centrada no Paciente
5.
J Affect Disord ; 278: 54-56, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950843

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are now over 800,000 registered deaths due to the COVID-19 pandemic worldwide. Researchers have suggested that COVID-19 death characteristics (e.g., intensive care admission, unexpected death) and circumstances (e.g., secondary stressors, social isolation) will precipitate a worldwide increase of prolonged grief disorder (PGD) and persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD). Yet, no study has investigated this. Since acute grief is a strong predictor of future pathological grief, we compared grief levels among people recently bereaved due to COVID-19, natural, and unnatural causes. METHODS: People bereaved through COVID-19 (n = 49), natural causes (n = 1182), and unnatural causes (n = 210), completed self-report measures of demographic and loss-related characteristics and PGD and PCBD symptoms. RESULTS: COVID-19 bereavement yielded higher symptom levels of PGD (d = 0.42) and PCBD (d = 0.35) than natural bereavement (but not unnatural bereavement). Effects held when limiting analyses to recent losses and those who participated during the pandemic. Expectedness of the death explained this effect. LIMITATIONS: Limitations include using a convenience sample and self-report measures. CONCLUSIONS: Higher grief levels occur among people bereaved due to COVID-19 compared to people bereaved due to natural loss. We predict that pandemic-related increases in pathological grief will become a worldwide public health concern.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Morte , /psicologia , Pesar , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Autorrelato , Adulto Jovem
6.
JAMA ; 324(23): 2371-2372, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320227
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Having someone close die through suicide or another form of traumatic death is a distressing event in the lives of adolescents, putting them at risk of grief and mental health ramifications. As most research in this field has been focused on intrapersonal grief reactions, this study aimed to broaden the perspective by exploring the impact of the death through an interpersonal lens. METHODS: The study involved individual and group interviews with bereaved adolescents (n = 20) and parents of bereaved adolescents (n = 18), and thematic analysis of the data. RESULTS: The analysis yielded three themes: (i) the death is a life-changing experience, (ii) the death differentiates you from your peers, and (iii) the death impacts on the family system. CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed the devastating impact of the deaths on adolescents, their relationships with peers and the family system. Adolescents' grief must be understood within the context of their agency and their immediate social environment. The findings clearly indicate that support for bereaved adolescents should incorporate the familial context.


Assuntos
Família , Pesar , Suicídio , Ferimentos e Lesões , Adolescente , Adulto , Família/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Suicídio/psicologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Ferimentos e Lesões/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(4): 191-198, dic. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145493

RESUMO

Introducción: el siguiente estudio tuvo como finalidad explorar algunas características demográficas asociadas al dolor crónico y el desarrollo de ideas de suicidio en una población de pacientes mayores de 65 años. Método: se realizó un estudio observacional y analítico de corte transversal mediante el relevamiento de datos a partir historias clínicas de pacientes mayores de 65 años que concurrieron a los consultorios externos del equipo de geriatría del Servicio de Psiquiatría del Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, entre junio de 2018 y diciembre de 2018. Resultados: se incluyó en el estudio un total de 222 pacientes, de los cuales 50 (23%) presentaron indicadores de dolor crónico y 33 pacientes (14,6%) lo hicieron de ideación suicida. Mediante estudio de correlación se estableció que estar ocupado, padecer dolor crónico y haber tenido más de una internación psiquiátrica son factores que incrementan el riesgo de presentar ideación suicida. Las variables ideación suicida, edad, y el estado civil ‒separado o divorciado en comparación con estar casado‒ son factores asociados a la presencia de dolor crónico. Conclusiones: el dolor crónico y la ideación suicida son factores que contribuyen a aumentar la fragilidad en personas mayores y deben ser estudiados en mayor profundidad para comprender los distintos modos de expresión de la patología psiquiátrica en esta población. (AU)


Introduction: the following study aimed to explore some demographic characteristics associated with chronic pain and the development of suicidal ideas in a population of patients over 65 years. Method: an cross-sectional observational and analytical study was carried out by collecting data from clinical histories of patients over 65 years of age who attended the external offices of the geriatrics team of the Psychiatry service of the Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires between June 2018 and December 2018. Results: a total of 222 patients were included in the study, of which 50 (23%) presented indicators of chronic pain and 33 patients (14.6%) had suicidal ideation. A correlation study established that being employed, suffering from chronic pain and having had more than one psychiatric hospitalization are factors that increase the risk of presenting suicidal ideation. The variables suicidal ideation, age, and separated or divorced marital status compared to being married are factors associated with the presence of chronic pain. Conclusions: chronic pain and suicidal ideation are factors that contribute to increasing frailty in elderly patients and should be studied in greater depth to understand the different modes of expression of psychiatric pathology in this population. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ideação Suicida , Dor Crônica/epidemiologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , Psicotrópicos/uso terapêutico , Suicídio/psicologia , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesar , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Etários , Estado Civil/estatística & dados numéricos , Demência/psicologia , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Fragilidade/psicologia , Psiquiatria Geriátrica/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 942020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056957

RESUMO

Between March and May 2020, the Spanish Ministry of Health and the Spanish Psychological Association created the Psychological First Care Service (Servicio de Primera Ayuda Psicológica-SPAP), a national helpline designed to provide early psychological intervention to those people affected by COVID-19. This service attended more than 15,000 calls and carried out more than 11,000 interventions and 9,500 follow-ups with the general population, healthcare and other essential professionals and the patients and relatives of the sick or deceased. Results show that the majority of calls (45.7%) came from the Autonomous Community of Madrid, that women significantly used this service in a higher proportion than men (73.5%) and that the commonest age range among users was 40-59. 75.9% of consultations were related to psychological problems linked to anxiety and depressive symptoms. However, grief symptoms also stood out among the patients or relatives of the sick and deceased and, to a lesser extent, stress symptoms were prevalent in the group of professionals. These data show the usefulness of this early psychological care service and the need for similar resources to be implemented in coordination with or within the National Health System.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Intervenção na Crise/métodos , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Telemedicina/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/terapia , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Intervenção na Crise/organização & administração , Intervenção na Crise/estatística & dados numéricos , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/terapia , Feminino , Pesar , Humanos , Masculino , Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Prevalência , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Telefone , Adulto Jovem
12.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(6): 627-632, 2020 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879118

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the attitudes and skills of grief counseling in the front-line medical workers from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) designated hospitals in Wuhan for the bereaved family members and to provide the basis for proper hospital management strategies. METHODS: The convenience sampling method was applied to select 422 medical workers who kept touch with the bereaved family members in five COVID-19 designated hospitals in Wuhan from January to February 2020. Questionnaire regarding grief counseling attitudes and questionnaire regarding grief counseling skills were used to evaluate the attitudes and skills of grief counseling in medical workers. The scores of grief counseling attitudes and skills in group of different characteristics were further compared. Pearson correlation was used to analyze the attitudes and skills of grief counseling in medical workers. RESULTS: The scores of grief counseling attitudes in medical workers were 15-46 (33.00±9.31). Length of service, professional title, whether or not receiving relevant training, frequency of contact with bereaved family members contributed to impacting the medical workers' attitudes of grief counseling (all P<0.05). The scores of grief counseling skills in medical workers were 9-30 (19.30±4.42). Length of service, professional title, religion, whether or not receiving relevant training, frequency of contact with bereaved family members contributed to impacting the medical workers' skills of grief counseling (all P<0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between the attitudes and skills of grief counseling in the medical workers (r=0.608, P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The attitudes and skills of grief counseling in the medical workers from COVID-19 designated hospitals in Wuhan still need to be improved. Grief counseling group and a long-term, comprehensive training system are recommended.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Aconselhamento , Pesar , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Betacoronavirus , China , Hospitais , Humanos , Pandemias
13.
Rev Infirm ; 69(263): 24-25, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993899

RESUMO

Illness and grieving the loss of a healthy body. Grief is a phenomenon which is part of the normal and the pathological. In the case of illness, it is felt for a body which is lost, different, becoming something other. This article studies the notions of grief, body schema and body image.


Assuntos
Pesar , Nível de Saúde , Corpo Humano , Humanos , Autoimagem
14.
Psychodyn Psychiatry ; 48(3): 234-258, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996853

RESUMO

Near the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, on April 13, 2020, about 50 members of the American Academy of Psychodynamic Psychiatry and Psychoanalysis convened through Zoom to talk about the impact of the pandemic on their practices, their patients, and themselves.* They offer their reflections through oral and written comments. Participants were encouraged to organize their contributions around the dimensions of administrative psychiatry, the structure of clinical care, the content of clinical care, the patients' reported personal experiences, and the psychiatrists' reported personal experiences. Themes identified and discussed are paradoxical separateness, seeking an optimal interpersonal distance, finding new idioms, reality and symbolism, and loss, mourning, and isolation. The views are noted to touch on only one point early in the arc of the pandemic. A significant body of personal commentary provides an understanding of the roots of themes likely to evolve as the pandemic progresses.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Psiquiatria , Psicoterapia , Telemedicina , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Pesar , Humanos , Isolamento Social
15.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 69(6): 524-540, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988302

RESUMO

"If One Feels Better Like That …". Adolescent Sibling Relationship in the Context of Transgender Development A transgender development in youth can influence the relationship of concerned youth and their siblings. While in most surveys, the focus lies on transgender adolescents, both sides shall be interviewed here to capture the situation of siblings and to relate the results. For this purpose, guide interviews with ten transgender adolescents and twelve of their siblings were analysed in accordance to Grounded Theory. In most cases, participants were satisfied with the sibling relationship. After the coming-out of the transgender adolescent they showed both positive and negative reactions that, however, changed to respect and acceptance by time without exception. Doubt, compassion and grief were short lived and often replaced by joy for the transgender adolescent. Transgender youth were mostly satisfied with the reaction of their sibling though the amount of support varied. The time of coming-out and transition often led to an improvement in sibling relationship, more closeness and family cohesion. In general, siblings seem to be immediately concerned by transgenderism in adolescence. In clinical practice, they should thus be included from the beginning. By taking into account their situation, negative developments can be prevented, and the sibling relationship become usable as a resource.


Assuntos
Relações entre Irmãos , Irmãos/psicologia , Pessoas Transgênero/psicologia , Adolescente , Pesar , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0237021, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915800

RESUMO

The recent introduction of prolonged grief disorder (PGD) as a diagnostic category may cause negative social reactions (i.e. public stigma). Vignette experiments demonstrate that persons with both PGD symptoms and a PGD diagnosis elicit more public stigma than persons who experience integrated grief. However, the strength of the influence of the diagnosis itself remains unclear: We aimed to clarify if the diagnostic label PGD produces additional public stigma beyond PGD symptoms. We further compared whether public stigma varies between the label PGD and the label major depressive episode (MDE) (when PGD symptoms are present) and if gender of the bereaved person influences public stigma or moderates the aforementioned effects. Eight-hundred fifty-two participants (77% female; Mage = 32.6 years, SD = 13.3) were randomly assigned to read online one of eight vignettes describing either a bereaved male or female, with PGD symptoms and PGD diagnosis; PGD symptoms and MDE diagnosis; PGD symptoms and no diagnosis, or no PGD symptoms and no diagnosis (i.e., integrated grief). Following the vignettes, participants indicated which negative characteristics they ascribed to the person, their emotional reactions, and preferred social distance from the person. People with PGD symptoms and PGD (or MDE) diagnosis were attributed more negative characteristics, and elicited more negative emotions and a stronger desire for social distance than people with integrated grief. However, public stigma did not differ for people with both PGD symptoms and diagnosis compared to people only experiencing PGD symptoms. Gender of the bereaved only had an influence on desired social distance, which was larger towards men. Helping severely distressed bereaved people (regardless of diagnostic status) cope with negative social reactions may help them adapt to bereavement. Results demonstrate that the experience of severe grief reactions, yet not a diagnostic label per se, causes public stigma.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Adaptação/psicologia , Pesar , Estigma Social , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
19.
JAMA ; 324(10): 941-942, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897349
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