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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e48514, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1117619

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar as dissertações e teses defendidas nos cursos de Pós-Graduação Stricto Sensu em Enfermagem, no Brasil, relativas ao tema criança com estoma, destacando seus aspectos epistemológicos. Método: estudo documental, descritivo, considerando o recorte temporal entre 2009 e 2019. Utilizou-se a Metodologia de Categorização Epistemológica para a Pesquisa na Enfermagem. Resultados: selecionaram-se doze estudos: dez dissertações de mestrado e duas teses de doutorado. Nota-se o predomínio de estudos na área/campo epistêmico assistencial, na linha de pesquisa: Processo de Cuidar em Saúde e Enfermagem. Identificou-se um maior interesse de estudos no contexto domiciliar e ambulatorial. Há predomínio da abordagem qualitativa e uso da entrevista para coleta de dados. Conclusão: os aspectos epistemológicos destacados possibilitam afirmar que as dissertações e teses relacionadas ao tema estão predominantemente orientadas para um pragmatismo epistemológico da assistência de enfermagem à criança com estoma e sua família, com objetos científicos delimitados para alcançar a compreensão desse fenômeno.


Objective: to examine postgraduate Nursing dissertations and theses defended in Brazil on the subject of children with stoma, highlighting their epistemological aspects. Method: this descriptive study considered studies published between 2009 and 2019 using the Epistemological Categorization methodology for research in Nursing. Results: twelve studies were selected: ten master's dissertations and two doctoral theses. The predominant epistemic area/field was "care", in the research line: "care process in health, and nursing". Studies were found to show greater interest in the home and outpatient context. The qualitative approach and data collection by interview predominated. Conclusion: from the epistemological aspects highlighted, it can be said that the dissertations and theses on the subject of children with stomata were predominantly oriented towards an epistemological pragmatism in nursing care for children with stoma and their families, with scientific objects delimited to achieve an understanding of this phenomenon.


Objetivo: analizar las disertaciones y tesis de posgrado en Enfermería defendidas en Brazil sobre el tema de niños con estoma, destacando sus aspectos epistemológicos. Método: este estudio descriptivo consideró estudios publicados entre 2009 y 2019 utilizando la metodología de Categorización Epistemológica para la investigación en Enfermería. Resultados: se seleccionaron doce estudios: diez tesis de maestría y dos tesis doctorales. El área / campo epistémico predominante fue el "cuidado", en la línea de investigación: "proceso de cuidado en salud y enfermería". Se encontró que los estudios muestran un mayor interés en el contexto domiciliario y ambulatorio. Predominó el enfoque cualitativo y la recolección de datos por entrevista. Conclusión: a partir de los aspectos epistemológicos destacados, se puede decir que las disertaciones y tesis sobre el tema de los niños con estoma estuvieron orientadas predominantemente hacia un pragmatismo epistemológico en la atención de enfermería al niño con estoma y sus familias, con objetos científicos delimitados para lograr un entendimiento. de este fenómeno.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Estomia/educação , Cuidado da Criança , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem , Brasil , Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Coleta de Dados , Estomas Cirúrgicos , Cuidados de Enfermagem
2.
Soins ; 65(846): 40-42, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012418

RESUMO

The 2009 reference frame gave research a place of honour. Initiation in research is a training activity for which nursing students are personally supported by a trainer. The particular profiles of these students, the diversity of their subject and the experience of the trainer are all elements that are likely to vary the way in which the support is implemented.


Assuntos
Pesquisa em Enfermagem/educação , Escolas de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Humanos , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia
3.
Soins ; 65(846): 45-47, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012420

RESUMO

Education in nursing science began in Canadian universities in 1919. Thanks to inter-university groups, it has never stopped evolving, making it possible to delimit and define different nursing knowledge. All stakeholders work together to meet the complex socio-political issues that affect the profession.


Assuntos
Pesquisa em Enfermagem/educação , Universidades , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Canadá , Humanos
4.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3370, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027404

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to analyze the nursing research priorities in critical care in Brazil identified by specialists and researchers in the area, as well as to establish the consensus of the topics suggested by the experts. METHOD: a descriptive study, using the e-Delphi technique in three rounds. The research participants were 116 Brazilian nurses who are experts in critical care in the first round, ending up with 68 participants in the third round of the study. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the demographic variables and the results of the research topics in the second round. In the final analysis, the Kappa agreement coefficient was calculated, comparing the answers between rounds two and three. RESULTS: 63 research topics were generated, grouped into 14 domains of intensive care practice in the first round, and consensus was settled in the subsequent rounds. Topics such as humanization of care (0.56), bloodstream infection control (0.54), and nursing care for polytrauma patients (0.51) were items rated above 0.50 in the agreement analysis between the topics in the two rounds using the Kappa coefficient. CONCLUSION: this study provides an important guideline for nursing research in critical care in Brazil, guiding for future research efforts in the area.


Assuntos
Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Brasil , Consenso , Cuidados Críticos , Técnica Delfos , Humanos
6.
Am J Nurs ; 120(8): 50-55, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Writing for publication in peer-reviewed journals is one of the most important types of writing that nurses engage in. It is essential for advancing the nursing profession, health care organizations, and individual nurses. Despite its importance, however, the rate of publication remains very low among nurses. At one large academic medical center, a baseline assessment of dissemination practices found a low publication rate. To address this, an evidence-based writing-for-publication program was designed to support professional dissemination of scholarly work. METHODS: A 12-week workshop was designed and writers were matched with a mentor. The workshop started with a four-hour kickoff session on the process of getting published, including choosing a journal, querying an editor, drafting a manuscript, and working with coauthors. Participants also began developing an outline for their manuscript. Drafts were due to the mentor every four weeks for editing and feedback. At the end of the 12 weeks a wrap-up session was held for participants to read each other's manuscripts and give peer feedback. OUTCOMES: As of this writing, five cohorts have completed the program, and 89 nurses participated. Twenty-nine manuscripts were completed and submitted to peer-reviewed journals; of these, 22 (76%) were accepted, four (14%) are still under review, and three (10%) were recommended for submission to a different journal. Among the 89 nurse participants, 84% reported being likely or very likely to write for publication again, and 96% reported improvement in their writing skills. CONCLUSIONS: Without more nurses acquiring the skills to engage in writing for publication, the body of advancing knowledge that drives clinical decision-making may wane as aging, experienced nurse authors leave the profession. To protect the future of nursing, a continuous commitment to developing nurse authors across all generations is necessary. Nursing leaders and health care organizations must commit to ensuring novice nurse authors are provided with the resources to engage in disseminating knowledge.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências , Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Mentores , Revisão dos Cuidados de Saúde por Pares , Estados Unidos
7.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47690

RESUMO

Os mesmos motivos que o levaram a ser inventado fazem atualmente, durante a pandemia de coronavírus, do álcool gel um dos produtos mais procurados em todo o planeta: a mobilidade e a facilidade de desinfetar as mãos. Vale lembrar que o bom e velho sabão, lavando intensamente as mãos por ao menos 20 segundos, é mais eficaz para impedir a disseminação do vírus do que o álcool gel, mas para quem precisa sair de casa, trata-se de uma solução eficaz e importante quando se está sem acesso a uma pia. Poucos sabem, porém, que a invenção do álcool gel foi feita por uma mulher e de origem latina: a enfermeira Lupe Hernandez, então estudante de enfermagem em Bakersfield, nos EUA, em 1966.


Assuntos
Invenções , Pesquisa em Enfermagem , História da Enfermagem , Infecções por Coronavirus , Controle de Infecções
9.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(7-8): 402-406, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701645

RESUMO

An internal peer-reviewed journal was created to promote high-quality nursing practice, improve patient outcomes, and inspire nurses at an academic medical center. The goal of the journal was to increase nurses' utilization of evidence-based practice (EBP). The publication provides a platform that facilitates the dissemination of nursing research and supports the implementation of EBP across the organization.


Assuntos
Difusão de Inovações , Enfermagem Baseada em Evidências/organização & administração , Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Revisão por Pares , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Poder Psicológico , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Public Health Nurs ; 37(5): 799-805, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32716089

RESUMO

The World Health Organization declared 2020 the Year of the Nurse and the Midwife well before the world was plunged into a pandemic response to SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19). Worldwide, nurses are advancing critical research and policy efforts to achieve all 17 of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Nursing is best positioned to ask and answer how to achieve the SDGs over the next decade, and in this COVID-19 era. In this article, we summarize the state of the nursing and midwifery literature about the SDGs. Twenty-four publications met criteria for inclusion, with nearly half published in 2019. Findings emphasize a need for: (a) nursing curricula and training revisions to include SDG content and strengthen development of a future nursing workforce comprised of global citizens; (b) innovative and disruptive nursing research documenting advances toward achieving the SDG 2030 agenda; (c) nursing practice that operates within a SDG framework; and (d) responsive and proactive nursing policy development that foresees what is needed to achieve the SDGs. When the urgency of COVID-19 response subsides, the world will adjust to a new normal and nursing must be positioned to lead and contribute to micro- and macro-level efforts toward achieving the SDGs.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Enfermagem , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Humanos , Liderança , Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Pandemias
12.
Can J Nurs Res ; 52(3): 216-225, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Building research capacity in nursing academic units continues to be a challenge. There are a number of external contextual factors and internal factors that influence individual faculty as well as the collective to engage successfully in research. PURPOSE: The overall aim of this opinion article is to provide an overview of the current external and internal, processes and structures, relevant to capacity of nursing faculty to engage in research. METHODS: To inform the external context, we reviewed national research funding trends for nursing. To inform the internal context, we provided an exemplar of the internal processes and structures designed to support research capacity building within our academic unit. RESULTS: Canadian Institutes of Health Research funding trends for research grants led by nurse principal applicants increased between 2010 and 2013, followed by a steady decline. In 2017 to 2018, there were only 24 research grants led by nurse principal applicants. These external challenges coupled with the traditional internal barriers, such as the imbalance between teaching and research time, threaten research capacity for nursing academics. CONCLUSION: Organizational strategies to promote research capacity within academic nursing units are a necessary requirement to move forward.


Assuntos
Fortalecimento Institucional/organização & administração , Docentes de Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Canadá , Humanos
13.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 270: 38-42, 2020 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32570342

RESUMO

Nursing Minimum Data Sets (NMDS) intend to systematically describe nursing care. Until now NMDS have been populated with nursing data by manual data ascertainment which is inefficient. The objective of this work was to evaluate an automated mapping pipeline for transforming nursing data into an NMDS. We used LEP Nursing 3 data as source data and the Austrian and German NMDS as target formats. Based on a human expert mapping between LEP and NMDS, an automated data mapping algorithm was developed and implemented in an automatic mapping pipeline. The results show that most LEP nursing interventions can be matched to the NMDS-AT and G-NMDS and that a fully automated mapping process from LEP Nursing 3 data to NMDS-AT performs effectively and very efficiently. The shown approach can also be used to map different nursing classifications and to automatically transform point-of-care nursing data into nursing minimum data sets.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Factuais , Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Áustria , Humanos , Registros de Enfermagem
14.
Rech Soins Infirm ; 140(1): 69-76, 2020 03.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524803

RESUMO

Nursing research continues to grow and become self-sustaining. It was in this context that we received funding from the Hospital Program for Nursing and Paramedical Research for our research project on schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects 1% of the general population, and is a crippling disease both cognitively and socially. Cognitive remediation and therapeutic education are nursing practices deemed suitable for the psychosocial rehabilitation of schizophrenia patients. We hypothesized that a therapeutic education program placed upstream of cognitive remediation would have beneficial effects. We planned to include eighty patients aged eighteen to sixty, randomized into two groups, one combining cognitive remediation and therapeutic education, the second using just cognitive remediation. Each patient was assessed using a range of neuropsychological scales. Due to difficulties encountered in including and following up with participants, our statistical results could not be used. We therefore turned our focus to the factors that facilitate and hinder the setting up of a nursing research project. We organized these factors into three areas : those related to the nurse ; those related to the care facility and the organization ; and those related to the research. The results were consistent with the literature and show how important it is to encourage nurses to be more involved in a scientific approach.


Assuntos
Pesquisa em Enfermagem/economia , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Esquizofrenia/enfermagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto , Adulto Jovem
18.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3276, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491119

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to analyze the technological production of three professional master programs in the area of Nursing. METHOD: documentary research on primary sources. A total of 100 graduate nurses from three professional master's programs in Nursing in the Southeastern region of Brazil were analyzed, based on the following variables: time of training, typology of products; context of products and technological and educational classification, welfare and management. The study was guided by the question: "How is the technological production of the dissertation of the professional master's degree according to typology, context and technological classification? The analysis of the data was based on the construction of a table that categorized the products according to the typology. RESULTS: development of techniques was the main type of product found, being expressed by flowcharts, protocols, guidelines and training courses. The products were mostly developed in the hospital context, in the educational technology format. CONCLUSION: the technological production of the analyzed programs is restricted, diffuse and, in its majority, of low social impact and has no relevance in the body of the dissertation. Despite the wide possibility of conclusion work, the dissertation, accompanied by an article and/or technical productions, is the main form of presentation.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem/normas , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/normas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Editoração/normas , Bibliometria , Brasil , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/normas , Humanos , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Tecnologia
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