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PLoS One ; 16(9): e0256833, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469487

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether librarian or information specialist authorship is associated with better reproducibility of the search, at least three databases searched, and better reporting quality in dental systematic reviews (SRs). METHODS: SRs from the top ten dental research journals (as determined by Journal Citation Reports and Scimago) were reviewed for search quality and reproducibility by independent reviewers using two Qualtrics survey instruments. Data was reviewed for all SRs based on reproducibility and librarian participation and further reviewed for search quality of reproducible searches. RESULTS: Librarians were co-authors in only 2.5% of the 913 included SRs and librarians were mentioned or acknowledged in only 9% of included SRs. Librarian coauthors were associated with more reproducible searches, higher search quality, and at least three databases searched. Although the results indicate librarians are associated with improved SR quality, due to the small number of SRs that included a librarian, results were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Despite guidance from organizations that produce SR guidelines recommending the inclusion of a librarian or information specialist on the review team, and despite evidence showing that librarians improve the reproducibility of searches and the reporting of methodology in SRs, librarians are not being included in SRs in the field of dental medicine. The authors of this review recommend the inclusion of a librarian on SR teams in dental medicine and other fields.


Assuntos
Pesquisa em Odontologia , Bibliotecários , Serviços de Biblioteca/organização & administração , Papel Profissional , Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
3.
Arch Oral Biol ; 129: 105212, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325346

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: All soft and solid surfaces exposed to the oral cavity are covered by an acquired pellicle. While the pellicle adsorbed on enamel is well researched, only limited data are available on the dentin pellicle. The purpose of the present review is to summarize studies considering the composition, structure and properties of the dentin pellicle and compare them with the current state of research on enamel pellicle. METHODS: The literature search was conducted using Medline database and Google Scholar, including checking reference lists of journal articles by handsearching. Thereby, 19 studies were included in the present review. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The dentin pellicle has a similar ultrastructure to the enamel pellicle, which is up to 1 µm thick depending on pellicle formation time and localization in the oral cavity. In contrast, due to the lack of studies on the dentin pellicle regarding its composition and properties, a comparison to the enamel pellicle is difficult. So far, only one study showed anti-abrasive properties and data on anti-erosive properties were controversial. Despite becoming more and more clinically relevant due to the increasing frequency of dentin exposure, the dentin pellicle is largely unexplored. For further investigations it is not only necessary to standardize dentin specimens, but also to assess fundamental research on dentin itself, as its complex morphology and composition may have a crucial influence on pellicle formation. Furthermore, a more detailed knowledge of the dentin pellicle may also reveal target sites for modification in favor of its protective properties.


Assuntos
Pesquisa em Odontologia , Erosão Dentária , Esmalte Dentário , Película Dentária , Dentina , Humanos
4.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 49(5): 385-393, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34270110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent advances in the psychological understanding of health-related behaviour have focused on producing a comprehensive framework to model such behaviour. The Capability-Opportunity-Motivation-Behaviour (COM-B) and its associated Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) allow researchers to classify psychological and behavioural constructs in a consistent and transferable manner across studies. AIM: To identify oral and dental health-related studies that have used the TDF and/or COM-B as frameworks to guide research and examine the ways in which these concepts have been practically used in such research. METHOD: Narrative review of published literature. To be included, the paper had to (1) state that the TDF or COM-B had been used and to have targeted at least one construct identified in either framework, (2) include primary empirical data, (3) focus on a behaviour directly related to oral or dental-related health (eg brushing, applying fluoride varnish, flossing) and/or attitudes, intentions and beliefs related to the behaviour. Studies could include any research design, and participants of any age or gender and include patients, parents or dental health professionals. FINDINGS: Nine studies were identified that had drawn on the COM-B and/or TDF as the framework for their research. Seven of the studies were based on the TDF only, with one employing both the COM-B and Health Belief Model, and one using the TDF with COM-B. The nine studies covered a broad range of oral health-related behaviours including child tooth brushing, fluoride varnish application and non- or micro-invasive management of proximal caries lesions. The populations in the studies included dentists, dental teams and parents of children. All studies adopted only a subset of the constructs within the TDF, often without justification. CONCLUSIONS: It is encouraging that oral health researchers are adopting standardized psychological frameworks to develop their research and oral health interventions. Future work should build on the small number of studies identified in this review and consider using standardized tools to do so.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Motivação , Criança , Pesquisa em Odontologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Pais
5.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e051, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33759973

RESUMO

This editorial addresses the history of Brazilian Oral Research (BOR), official journal of the Brazilian Division of the International Association of Dental Research (SBPqO). BOR is increasingly consolidating itself as the most important journal in Brazilian dental research. However, much still needs to be done. The hard and continuous work to improve the journal will guarantee its permanent growth and result in new achievements for the benefit of the entire dental scientific community.


Assuntos
Pesquisa em Odontologia , Brasil
7.
Br Dent J ; 230(4): 181, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33637891
8.
J Dent ; 107: 103610, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631303

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The number of studies employing artificial intelligence (AI), specifically machine and deep learning, is growing fast. The majority of studies suffer from limitations in planning, conduct and reporting, resulting in low robustness, reproducibility and applicability. We here present a consented checklist on planning, conducting and reporting of AI studies for authors, reviewers and readers in dental research. METHODS: Lending from existing reviews, standards and other guidance documents, an initial draft of the checklist and an explanatory document were derived and discussed among the members of IADR's e-oral network and the ITU/WHO focus group "Artificial Intelligence for Health (AI4H)". The checklist was consented by 27 group members via an e-Delphi process. RESULTS: Thirty-one items on planning, conducting and reporting of AI studies were agreed on. These involve items on the studies' wider goal, focus, design and specific aims, data sampling and reporting, sample estimation, reference test construction, model parameters, training and evaluation, uncertainty and explainability, performance metrics and data partitions. CONCLUSION: Authors, reviewers and readers should consider this checklist when planning, conducting, reporting and evaluating studies on AI in dentistry. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Current studies on AI in dentistry show considerable weaknesses, hampering their replication and application. This checklist may help to overcome this issue and advance AI research as well as facilitate a debate on standards in this fields.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Lista de Checagem , Pesquisa em Odontologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Projetos de Pesquisa , Relatório de Pesquisa
9.
J Dent ; 106: 103590, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524432

RESUMO

The current global COVID-19 pandemic has almost marked its one year of existence and influenced everyone either at an individual or community level. There are plenty of clinical recommendations and guidelines for the practitioners, and beyond doubt, the treating clinicians and other healthcare providers who have been in the frontline of this battle might have been significantly affected as a direct consequence of this pandemic. However, most of the clinical recommendations and guidelines are pivoted on intense research, and thus it is entirely reasonable to foretell that if dental research is impacted, the care-providers and consequently the patients will inevitably be affected. The present paper attempts to narratively summarize the potential disruptions on dental research due to the pandemic and endeavours to forewarn the dental researchers and scientific communities about the impact of COVID-19 on ongoing and ensuing dental research in the coming years. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has significantly affected laboratory and clinical research globally and will probably change the course of individuals and organizations engaged in dental research for some time. Tailor-made contingency plans by the individuals and organizations and sustaining the momentum of dental research by maintaining the flexibility in administration and utilization of research grants, extensions of grants and funding deadlines, adaption of study designs and procedures, pause or delay enrolment of participants, innovation in research collaborations and scholarly communications across different fields are some of the suggested measures that can be utilized to minimize the disruption during this pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Pesquisa em Odontologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
10.
J Dent ; 104: 103523, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186627

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: For more than twenty years, dental practice-based research networks (D-PBRN) have helped to structure clinical research in private practice. They bring together practitioners working in several structures and may include a greater number of subjects. The aims of this study were thus to systematically explore the scientific production from dental private practices in general and to map and describe the D-PBRN activity worldwide. DATA SOURCES: Two research procedures were carried out in parallel. The first was conducted as a scoping review to examine peer-reviewed literature indexed in the PubMed database and the second was performed on the World Wide Web to identify the main characteristics of the networks (location, scientific production…). STUDY SELECTION: 368 publications were identified among which 202 were published by PBRN members and the others by private practitioners not affiliated to any network. 210 (57 % of the included articles) were produced in the USA. A higher number of diverse centers are involved in each study when it is conducted by a PBRN (59.06 ± 66.59 vs. 13.51 ± 31.58 for networks and independent teams, respectively; p < 0.01). 24 D-PBRN were identified, a majority being based in the USA and 8 in Europe. CONCLUSIONS: Although dental practice-based research has grown over the years, the number of D-PBRN worldwide remains low. Even if it requires some investment to produce research in dental offices, this type of networks helps to fill the gap between private practice and research and to improve knowledge on oral health. RELEVANCE: The mapping of all the dental PBRN together with the research topics studied throughout the world make the relevance of this article. The ways to improve practice-based research in dentistry are also discussed in the paper.


Assuntos
Odontólogos , Prática Privada , Pesquisa em Odontologia , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Publicações
11.
J Dent Res ; 100(3): 245-252, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054504

RESUMO

Research waste is highly prevalent across biomedical investigations. We aimed to assess the evidence on the extent of research waste in dental research. We performed a scoping review of empirical evaluations of dental studies assessing the prevalence and impact of limitations in design, conduct, analysis, and reporting of research. PubMed was searched using specific terms to retrieve studies dealing with design, conduct, analysis, and reporting of studies in dentistry, with no year or language restrictions. Of the 1,807 publications identified from the search and from manual searches, 71 were included in this review. The topic and article selection was based on the expert opinion of the authors. The existing evidence suggests that, although there are improvements over time, substantial deficiencies in all areas (design, conduct, analysis, reporting) were prevalent in dental research publications. Waste in research is a multifaceted problem without a simple solution. However, an appreciation of optimal research design and execution is a prerequisite and should be underpinned by policies that include appropriate training in research methods and properly aligned incentives.


Assuntos
Pesquisa em Odontologia , Projetos de Pesquisa
12.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 69-77, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1222814

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar os estudos de validação de instrumentos de pesquisa publicados nos anais das reuniões anuais da Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica (SBPqO), no período de 2010 a 2019. Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo bibliométrico em que foram incluídos trabalhos sobre a adaptação transcultural ou avaliação das propriedades psicométricas de instrumentos de pesquisa. Três pesquisadores independentes e calibrados realizaram a leitura dos resumos e extraíram informações sobre: ano, localização geográfica, tipo de instituição de ensino dos autores, financiamento, objetivo do trabalho, idioma original do instrumento, constructo e público-alvo. Os dados foram analisados através de estatística descritiva.Resultados:Foram incluídos 26 resumos, sendo a maioria publicada em 2018 (23%) e 2019 (30,5%) e por pesquisadores de instituições públicas de ensino (88,4%) localizadas nos estados de São Paulo (35%) e Minas Gerais (27%). Metade dos estudos realizou, concomitantemente, adaptação transcultural e avaliação das propriedades psicométricas. Os constructos mais frequentemente abordados foram alfabetismo em saúde bucal (ASB) (23%) e qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde bucal (QVRSB) (15,4%). O público-alvo mais prevalente envolveu os adultos (38,4%) e profissionais de saúde (19,3%). Conclusão:O número de estudos de validação de instrumentos de pesquisa foi baixo, concentrado, principalmente, nos anos de 2018 e 2019, e conduzidos em maioria por pesquisadores de universidades públicas dos estados de São Paulo e Minas Gerais. A maior parte dos estudos realizou, concomitantemente, adaptação transcultural e avaliação das propriedades psicométricas de instrumentos sobre ASB e QVRSB.


Aim: To analyze studies reporting the validation of research instruments published in the annals of the annual meetings of the Brazilian Society of Dental Research (SBPqO), between 2010 and 2019. Methods: A bibliometric study, including abstracts reporting the cross-cultural adaptation or evaluation of the psychometric properties of research instruments, was conducted. Studies reporting the development of research instruments were excluded. Three independent and calibrated researchers read the abstracts and extracted information regarding: year, geographic location, and type of educational institution of authors, funding, study objective, original language of the instrument, construct, and target audience. Data were analyzed descriptively. Results: Twenty-six studies were included; most were published in 2018 (23%) and 2019 (30.5%), by researchers from public institutions (88.4%) and from the states of São Paulo (35%) and Minas Gerais (27%). Half of the studies performed the cross-cultural adaptation and evaluation of psychometric properties jointly. The most frequent constructs were oral health literacy (OHL) (23%) and oral health-related quality of live (OHRQoL) (15.4%). Most instruments were directed toward adults (38.4%) and health professionals (19.3%). Conclusion: The number of studies reporting the validation of research instruments was low, concentrated in the years 2018 and 2019, and mainly conducted by researchers from public universities in São Paulo and Minas Gerais. Most studies performed the cross-cultural adaptation and evaluation of psychometric properties of instruments concerning OHL and OHRQoL.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pesquisa em Odontologia , Estudo de Validação , Odontologia
13.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 78-86, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1222871

RESUMO

Objetivo: Investigar a produção científica sobre fendas orofaciais em um congresso brasileiro, entre os anos de 2009 a 2019. Métodos:Realizou-se um estudo bibliométrico, observacional, pela análise de resumos publicados em anais das Reuniões Anuais da Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica (SBPqO), que envolviam o tema de fissuras orofaciais.Os dados referentes aos resumos (ano de publicação, local do estudo ­ unidade federativa, tipo de fissura, grande área de conhecimento, desenho, tipo de instituição,recebimento de fomento) foram coletados e analisados através de uma estatística descritiva e analítica. Foi aplicado o teste não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney (p < 0,05). Resultados: Dentre 28.578 resumos, 194 (0,67%) eram sobre fissuras orofaciais. A maioria deles envolvia mais de um tipo de fissura (n = 180; 93,3%) e foram realizados,principalmente, em instituições públicas (n = 128; 66%) das regiões Sudeste (n = 121;62,3%), e Sul (n = 23; 11,8%), sem recebimento de fomento (60,8%). A área de conhecimento mais comum foi Epidemiologia/Saúde Coletiva (n = 60; 30,9%), com predominância dos desenhos de estudos transversais (n = 85; 43,8%). Houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre recebimento de financiamento e maior tamanho amostral. Conclusão: Poucos estudos investigaram as fissuras orofaciais na SBPqO.Uma investigação mais aprofundada nesse campo de pesquisa permite identificar problemáticas que possibilitam a organização, planejamento e monitoramento da atenção especializada para os portadores dessas anomalias, assim como criar condições para uma descentralização do cuidado pela ampliação da rede de serviços para outras localidades no Brasil.


Aim: To investigate the scientific production concerning orofacial clefts presented at a Brazilian congress, between 2009 and 2019. Methods: A bibliometric and observational study was conducted, though the analysis of abstracts published in the annals of the Annual Meetings of the Brazilian Society of Dental Research (SBPqO), concerning orofacial clefts. Data referring to the abstracts (year of publication, place of study - federative unit, type of fissure, broad area of knowledge, design, type of institution, receipt of funding) were collected and organized through descriptive and analytical statistics. The Mann-Whitney non-parametric test was applied (p < 0.05). Results: Among 28,578 abstracts, 194 (0.67%) concerned orofacial clefts. Most of them dealt with more than one type of cleft (n = 180; 93.3%) and were mainly conducted in public institutions (n = 128; 66%), in the Southeast (n = 121; 62.3%) and South (n = 23; 11.8%) regions, and without funding (60.8%). The most common field of knowledge was Epidemiology/Public Health (n = 60; 30.9%), with a predominance of cross-sectional studies (n = 185; 43.8%). There was a statistically significant association between funding and higher sample size. Conclusion:Few studies have investigated orofacial clefts in SBPqO. An in-depth investigation in this field of research allows for the identification of problems that make it possible to organize, plan, and monitor specialized care for people with these anomalies, as well as create conditions for the decentralization of care by expanding the service network to other locations in Brazil.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas , Bibliometria , Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Pesquisa em Odontologia , Atenção à Saúde , Estudo Observacional
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e051, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1153605

RESUMO

Abstract This editorial addresses the history of Brazilian Oral Research (BOR), official journal of the Brazilian Division of the International Association of Dental Research (SBPqO). BOR is increasingly consolidating itself as the most important journal in Brazilian dental research. However, much still needs to be done. The hard and continuous work to improve the journal will guarantee its permanent growth and result in new achievements for the benefit of the entire dental scientific community.


Assuntos
Pesquisa em Odontologia , Brasil
17.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 31 Suppl 1: 4-13, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Even though considered as studies with high methodological power, many RCTs in paediatric dentistry do not have essential quality items in their design, development, and report, making results' reliability questionable, replication challenging to conduct, wasting time, money, and efforts, and even exposing the participants to research for no benefit. AIM: We addressed the main topics related to transparency in clinical research, with an emphasis in paediatric dentistry. DESIGN: We searched for all controlled clinical trials published from January 2019 up to July 2020 in the three paediatric dentistry journals with high journal Impact Factor, indexed on Medline. These papers were assessed for transparency according to Open Science practices and regarding reporting accuracy using some items required by CONSORT. RESULTS: 53.6% of the studies declared registration, 75% had sample size calculation, 98.2% reported randomisation, and from those, 65.4% explained the randomisation method. Besides that, no study shared their data, and 6.8% were published in open access format. CONCLUSIONS: Unfortunately, a large proportion of RCTs in paediatric dental research show a lack of transparency and reproducibility.


Assuntos
Pesquisa em Odontologia , Relatório de Pesquisa , Criança , Humanos , Fator de Impacto de Revistas , Publicações , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Projetos de Pesquisa
18.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia | ID: multimedia-7011

RESUMO

Assista mais vídeos sobre COVID-19 no link abaixo: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Assista mais vídeos da série Tele Saúde Bucal no link abaixo: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list... Acesse os slides das nossas palestras na Biblioteca Virtual do Telessaúde ES! Confira a data da exibição e encontre o material desejado. Faça download e tenha o material preparado pelos nossos palestrantes. https://telessaude.ifes.edu.br/biblio...


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Odontologia Baseada em Evidências/organização & administração , Pesquisa em Odontologia/educação , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Odontologia Baseada em Evidências/história , Odontologia Baseada em Evidências/classificação , Padrões de Prática Odontológica/organização & administração , Odontólogos/educação
20.
J Am Board Fam Med ; 33(5): 687-697, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989063

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To 1) quantify practitioner activities of the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network (Network) for which Continuing Education (CE) credits were received (study training, videos, webinars, meetings, and symposia); 2) quantify practitioner coauthoring Network publications and presentations; and 3) test whether practitioner characteristics were associated with participation in these activities. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 4361 practitioners who enrolled in the Network between April 12, 2012 and October 12, 2018. RESULTS: Overall, 59% (n = 2586) of practitioners earned CE credit from the Network; among these, 68% (n = 1757) from a video, 38% (n = 993) attended an annual Network meeting, 31% (n = 798) due to training for a Network clinical study, 9% (n = 226) attended a national symposium, and 7% (n = 170) participated in a Network webinar. Members of 2 large group practices earned on average more CEs than practitioners from other practice settings. Four percent (n = 159) of practitioners coauthored a Network presentation or publication. Practitioners who received their dental degree before 2000, were general practitioners, or were members of 2 large group practices, were more likely to have coauthored a publication or presentation. CONCLUSION: This Network used a broad range of activities to engage community practitioners. These activities were successful in sustaining a high level of practitioner engagement in clinical research and its relevance to everyday clinical practice.


Assuntos
Odontólogos , Educação Continuada em Odontologia , Adulto , Idoso , Pesquisa em Odontologia , Odontólogos/educação , Odontólogos/psicologia , Odontólogos/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação Continuada em Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sociedades Médicas , Estados Unidos
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