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1.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1087-1105, out.-dez. 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-994974

RESUMO

Discorre-se sobre o desenvolvimento brasileiro da psicologia do trabalho e das organizações, com o foco na sua formação pós-graduada e produção científica. Inicia-se pela demarcação conceitual. Na seção subsequente, argumenta-se a favor da relação entre o crescimento e a diversificação da subárea e também a expansão da pós-graduação no Brasil. Segue um panorama das revisões de literatura nacionais, visando ressaltar a diversidade na prática de pesquisa. Finaliza-se com considerações sobre os desafios para alcançar níveis mais elevados de amadurecimento científico.(AU)


This article aims to describe the Brazilian development of work and organizational psychology, with a focus on its graduate training and scientific production. It begins by defining concepts. The following section argues in favor of the relationship between growth and diversification of the subarea and the expansion of graduate programs in Brazil. An overview of the national scientific reviews follows, in order to mark the diversity in research practices. Finally, the chapter discusses challenges to achieve higher levels of scientific maturity.(AU)


Se aborda el desarrollo brasileño de la psicología del trabajo y de las organizaciones, con el foco en su formación en el posgrado y producción científica. Se inicia por la demarcación conceptual. En la sección posterior, se argumenta a favor de la relación entre el crecimiento y la diversificación del sub-área y también la expansión del posgrado en el Brasil. Se propone un panorama de las revisiones de literatura nacionales, con vistas a resaltar la diversidad en la práctica de investigación. Se concluye con consideraciones sobre los desafíos para alcanzar niveles más elevados de madurez científica.(AU)


Assuntos
Psicologia , Educação de Pós-Graduação , Psicologia Aplicada , Pesquisa , Pesquisa Científica e Desenvolvimento Tecnológico , Métodos
2.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1137-1154, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-994979

RESUMO

Apresenta-se um panorama da Neuropsicologia brasileira, enfocando sua inserção no país, caracterizando o momento atual e desafios à sua consolidação. Aborda-se a trajetória da Neuropsicologia, traçando-se cinco períodos que a caracterizam, bem como sua trajetória nacional. A Neuropsicologia brasileira assiste à sofisticação da neuroimagem e ao avanço da pesquisa e interesse na área, à criação de entidades representativas, ao crescente número de publicações, grupos de pesquisa e de cursos de pós-graduação, ao desenvolvimento de instrumentos brasileiros e à ampliação da normatização e validação de instrumentos estrangeiros. Apesar desses avanços, ressalta-se a necessidade de constituir uma Neuropsicologia brasileira, sintonizada com os desafios de um país diverso, que contribua com políticas públicas, produza conhecimentos que atinjam diferentes populações e contribua para a diminuição das desigualdades sociais.(AU)


This paper aims to present an overview of Brazilian neuropsychology, focusing on the way the discipline was brought to Brazil, the present panorama of the discipline, and the challenges related to its consolidation. This article addresses the historical course of Neuropsychology, mapping the five distinct periods that characterized its history, as well as its national course. Brazilian neuropsychology is currently aided by the sophistication of neuroimaging techniques, the advancement in research and the interest in the area, as well as the creation of representative professional associations, the growing number of publications, research groups and graduate courses, the development of Brazilian instruments and the increase in standardization and validation of foreign instruments. Despite these advances, it is necessary to emphasize the need to make a Brazilian Neuropsychology, in tune with the challenges that come from a diverse country, one which contributes with public policies, produces knowledge that reaches different peoples and contributes towards reducing social inequalities.(AU)


Este artículo presenta un panorama de la Neuropsicología en Brasil, enfocándose en su inserción en el país, caracterizando el momento actual y los desafíos a su consolidación. Aborda la historia de la Neuropsicología, trazando los cinco períodos que la caracterizan y su trayectoria nacional. La Neuropsicología brasileña presencia la sofisticación de las técnicas de neuroimagen y el avance de la investigación y el interés de los estudiantes y profesionales, así como la creación de órganos representativos, el creciente número de grupos de investigación, cursos postgrado y publicaciones, el desarrollo de instrumentos brasileños de evaluación neuropsicológica y la estandarización de los procesos y validación de instrumentos extranjeros. A pesar de esos avances, se destaca la necesidad de establecer una Neuropsicología brasileña, en sintonía con desafíos y urgencias de un país diverso, que contribuya con políticas públicas, produzca y ponga en práctica conocimientos que alcancen diferentes poblaciones y contribuya con la reducción de las desigualdades sociales.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Psicologia Aplicada , Neuropsicologia , Pesquisa , Brasil , Neuroimagem/psicologia , História
3.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 20190900. 24 p. tab.
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1016369

RESUMO

Desarrollar un procedimiento estandarizado de respuesta inmediata frente a un foco de rabia urbana.


Assuntos
Vírus da Raiva , Pesquisa , Guias como Assunto
5.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1831-1832, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438365

RESUMO

Observational research in cancer requires substantially more detail than most other therapeutic areas. Cancer conditions are defined through histology, affected anatomical structures, staging and grading, and biomarkers, and are treated with complex therapies. Here, we show a new cancer module as part of the OMOP CDM, allowing manual and automated abstraction and standardized analytics. We tested the model in EHR and registry data against a number of typical use cases.


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Modelos Teóricos , Neoplasias , Pesquisa , Bases de Dados Factuais , Sistema de Registros
6.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1837-1838, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438368

RESUMO

Each year, millions of rescue operations occur in Germany. Despite rising numbers, there is a shortfall of systematic quality management (QM). Focusing on finding the required quality parameters, this work aims at linking heterogeneous and distributed data sources on the patient-level. Presented here is necessary IT infrastructure for linking patients' data records properly and efficiently. The focus of the IT infrastructure is to provide a lightweight and easy applicable solution with an utmost generic approach.


Assuntos
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação , Pesquisa , Segurança Computacional , Alemanha , Humanos , Tecnologia da Informação
7.
Genome Biol ; 20(1): 177, 2019 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462281

RESUMO

Funding research is a challenge faced by most scientists around the world. Genome Biology has invited four scientists based in three different countries to share their own experience and opinions regarding funding, the difficulties young scientists must overcome, and how the process of securing funding can be improved. Here, Hui Yang discusses the funding opportunities open to scientists conducting research in China.


Assuntos
Tentilhões , Animais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Genoma , Humanos , Pesquisa
8.
Genome Biol ; 20(1): 178, 2019 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462298

RESUMO

Funding research is a challenge faced by most scientists around the world. Genome Biology has invited four scientists based in three different countries to share their own experience and opinions regarding funding, the difficulties young scientists must overcome, and how the process of securing funding can be improved. In this part, Nick Wong shares his experience in securing funding for his research in Australia.


Assuntos
Tentilhões , Animais , Biologia , Escolha da Profissão , Humanos , Pesquisa , Pesquisadores
9.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 263: 205-218, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411164

RESUMO

In this chapter, we reflect on the aim and objectives of the textbook and address known gaps in our theory coverage. We reinforce the importance of theory in health informatics and review the varying disciplinary origins of the theories considered in the book. We discuss the question of what makes a good theory and how to know which one is relevant for a given study. We recognize the limitations of the body of theory that we have presented and suggest what might be regarded as "native" theory that is original to health informatics. Finally, we propose topics to form a research agenda for theory in health informatics.


Assuntos
Informática Médica , Modelos Teóricos , Pesquisa/tendências
10.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1984-1985, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438440

RESUMO

There has been a significant increase in the volume of research conducted on patient portals in recent years. Similarly, there has been a number of benefits described in the literature when patients are engaged in research at all stages. This poster will provide an overview of three ways that patients can be engaged in patient portal research. The methods are based on those used in mental health patient portal research in Canada.


Assuntos
Portais do Paciente , Canadá , Cuidadores , Humanos , Pesquisa
11.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 265: 3-11, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31431570

RESUMO

The digital transformation of health care delivery remains an elusive work in progress. Contextual variation continues to be a significant barrier to the development of sustainable health information systems. In this paper we characterize health informaticians as modern alchemists and use this characterization to describe informatics progress in addressing four key healthcare challenges. We highlight the need for informaticians to be diligent and loyal to basic methodological principles while also appreciating the role that contextual variation plays in informatics research. We also emphasize that meaningful health systems transformation takes time. The insight presented in this paper helps informaticians in our quest to develop sustainable health information systems.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Informação em Saúde , Informática Médica , Assistência à Saúde , Pesquisa
13.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1080-1083, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438091

RESUMO

There are more than 300 research groups for rare diseases in Japan. Although various clinical and genomic information of patients are being collected by the groups, the information is managed individually by each research group and the current practices for managing and sharing research data are not very efficient. Since "rare diseases" are literally rare, the understanding of the underlying disease mechanisms are incomplete and collecting a sufficient number of patients for clinical trials is difficult. Therefore, there is a need to collect and integrate the data and construct a data integration platform for rare disease research. Funded by the Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development, a national research and development project to establish a standard platform and supporting organization for rare disease registries in Japan is currently under way. In this article, we report the background, purpose, process, results, current status, and future plans of this project.


Assuntos
Doenças Raras , Pesquisa , Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Japão , Sistema de Registros
14.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1708-1709, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438304

RESUMO

Implementing electronic data collection for health research can be challenging in resource-limited settings, where electricity, Internet access, and study staff with computer training may be limited. Our team has established a successful research data infrastructure using the REDCap software at three HIV clinics and one coordinating center in Cameroon. We describe our recommended network architecture and guidance for study data teams working in similar settings.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Coleta de Dados , Recursos em Saúde , Software , Camarões , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Informática Médica , Pesquisa
15.
Behav Brain Sci ; 42: e138, 2019 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407992

RESUMO

There is a large body of research on conflict in nonhuman animal groups that measures the costs and benefits of intergroup conflict, and we suggest that much of this evidence is missing from De Dreu and Gross's interesting article. It is a shame this work has been missed, because it provides evidence for interesting ideas put forward in the article.


Assuntos
Conflito (Psicologia) , Processos Grupais , Animais , Humanos , Pesquisa
17.
Intellect Dev Disabil ; 57(4): 339-340, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373546

RESUMO

Interdisciplinary dialogue can help progress and improve professional fields. Progress and improvement may be impeded by barriers within an interdisciplinary dialogue, two of which are false dichotomies and faulty generalizations. It is our opinion that this particular interdisciplinary dialogue will advance productively by avoiding: false dichotomies about the medical model and Disability Studies in Education (DSE) framework; false dichotomies about using a normality approach to establish goals; and faulty generalizations about practitioners within and outside the field in which we are trained. Most helping professionals care passionately about improving the quality of lives of the people with whom they work. Centering interdisciplinary conversations on this shared value can help avoid false dichotomies and faulty generalizations.


Assuntos
Análise do Comportamento Aplicada , Comunicação , Humanismo , Humanos , Pesquisa , Traduções
18.
Yi Chuan ; 41(8): 761-772, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447427

RESUMO

Genetic resources are important national strategic resources. Their preservation, protection and rational utilization form a solid foundation to guarantee national security and to build national competitiveness for the future. Due to a relatively late starting point, China is actively catching up with global peers in storing genetic samples and data. In view of this, in 2011 China approved a plan to build its first nation-level comprehensive gene bank, the China National GeneBank (CNGB), and entrusted BGI-Research to implement its construction and operation. It is China's first gene bank for "reading, writing and storing" bioresources. In this paper, we summarize the development of influential platforms at home and abroad, and focus on CNGB's position, mission, and its structure of "Three Banks and Two Platforms". CNGB launched its official operation in September 2016 and aims to develop a world-class, non-profit and strategic platform that supports science and technology development. It has built capacities to store tens of millions of traceable samples and to analyze handreds of thousanda of WGS each year. It has also set up China's first Pb-level digitalization platform and a high-efficient synthesis platform with a production rate of ten million bases per year. Based on such capacities, CNGB has established its open sharing mechanism for biological samples and data, provided public platform services for life science research, and achieved initial results in supporting innovation and development of the bio-industry.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Genéticas , Pesquisa , China , Disseminação de Informação
19.
S D Med ; 72(6): 254-259, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461230

RESUMO

The University of South Dakota Physician Assistant Studies Program (USD PA Program) is in its 26th year of operation. The mission remains the same: to provide "a comprehensive primary care education that prepares graduates to deliver high-quality health care to meet the needs of patients in South Dakota and the surrounding region." The inaugural class graduated in 1995 making the class of 2018 our 24th. Graduates now number 462. The purpose of this article is to provide a brief historical background and to describe the evolution of the program and its contribution to the health care workforce of South Dakota and the region.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Assistentes Médicos , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Pesquisa , South Dakota
20.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(2): 391-410, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005642

RESUMO

Este artigo objetiva analisar, por meio de métodos quantitativos e qualitativos e análise de conteúdo, as 145 propostas submetidas ao edital de apoio a projetos de divulgação científica, realizado pela Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, em 2018, visando compreender a demanda existente e dar subsídios para a elaboração de uma política institucional. Foram definidas categorias de análise, tendo em vista a identificação e caracterização do perfil dos proponentes e projetos. Os resultados indicam que, embora haja concentração de projetos na região Sudeste, profissionais de nove estados brasileiros participaram da convocatória, sendo 63% das propostas submetidas por mulheres. Apenas 40% dos projetos previam ação/estratégia de avaliação e somente 7% mencionaram ações de acessibilidade, tema prioritário na Fiocruz. Destacamos, por fim, a necessidade de oferecer frequentemente editais desse tipo, associados ao desenvolvimento de programas e capacitação da comunidade da Fiocruz para estabelecer o diálogo com a sociedade, de forma diversificada, abrangente, acessível e inclusiva.


This paper aims to analyze, through quantitative and qualitative methods and content analysis, the 145 proposals submitted to the call for supporting science communication projects, carried out by the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, in 2018, intending to provide a better understanding of the existing demand and to contribute to the elaboration of an institutional policy. Categories to be analyzed in order to map the profile and characteristics of the proposals and proponents were defined. The results indicate that, although there is a concentration of projects in the Southeast region, professionals from nine Brazilian states participated in the call, being 63% of them women. Only 40% of the projects proposed evaluation actions and only 7% mentioned accessibility strategies, a priority issue at Fiocruz. Finally, we emphasize the need of frequently offering this kind of calls, associated with the training of scientists and of the Fiocruz community to establish dialogue with society in a diversified, comprehensive, accessible and inclusive way.


Este artículo objetiva analizar, por medio de métodos cuantitativos y cualitativos y análisis de contenido, los 145 proyectos sometidos a la convocatoria para apoyo a proyectos de divulgación científica, realizado por la Fundación Oswaldo Cruz, en 2018, buscando proveer subsidios para comprender la demanda existente y contribuir a la elaboración de una política institucional. Se definieron categorías de análisis, teniendo en cuenta la identificación y caracterización del perfil de los proponentes y proyectos. Los resultados indican que, aunque hay concentración de proyectos en la región sudeste, profesionales de nueve estados brasileños participaron de la convocatoria, siendo el 63% de las propuestas sometidas por mujeres. Sólo el 40% de los proyectos preveía acción/estrategia de evaluación y sólo el 7% mencionó acciones de accesibilidad, tema prioritario en la Fiocruz. Por último, destacamos la necesidad de ofrecer a menudo convocatorias de este tipo, asociada al desarrollo de programas y acciones de capacitación de los científicos y de la comunidad de Fiocruz para establecer el diálogo con la sociedad, de forma diversa, completa, accesible e inclusiva.


Assuntos
Humanos , Política Organizacional , Gestão de Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação em Saúde , Projetos , Comunicação e Divulgação Científica , Pesquisa , Brasil , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Saúde , Avaliação Institucional , Capacitação Profissional
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