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6.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0238229, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853227

RESUMO

This paper examines the role of gender in the formation of research collaboration networks, by investigating the composition of networks through connections to diverse professional communities. Drawing on an ego network approach, we examine gender differences among researchers' networks in terms of partner diversity, openness and brokerage roles. We use data from 897 valid responses to a questionnaire administered to biomedical scientists in Spain, which enquired into multiple aspects of personal research networks. Our findings show that women form more diverse networks and brokerage triads than men. This result is reinforced if we consider the most heterogeneous brokerage triads in terms of professional differences among network partners (i.e., consultant and liaison). Our results suggest that women are more likely to access non-redundant knowledge and richer research perspectives via their knowledge-flow intermediary roles. This research suggests the need for analyses of gender and networks that go beyond a gender-to-gender approach.


Assuntos
Pesquisadores/psicologia , Pesquisa Biomédica , Feminino , Ocupações em Saúde , Humanos , Conhecimento , Masculino , Espanha
7.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0238071, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32857794

RESUMO

This study delineates the relative importance of organisational, research discipline and application domain factors in influencing researchers' data sharing practices in Australia's national scientific and industrial research agency. We surveyed 354 researchers and found that the number of data deposits made by researchers were related to the openness of the data culture and the contractual inhibitors experienced by researchers. Multi-level modelling revealed that organisational unit membership explained 10%, disciplinary membership explained 6%, and domain membership explained 4% of the variance in researchers' intentions to share research data. However, only the organisational measure of openness to data sharing explained significant unique variance in data sharing. Thus, whereas previous research has tended to focus on disciplinary influences on data sharing, this study suggests that factors operating within the organisation have the most powerful influence on researchers' data sharing practices. The research received approval from the organisation's Human Research Ethics Committee (no. 014/18).


Assuntos
Disseminação de Informação , Pesquisadores/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Austrália , Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , Comportamento Cooperativo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236252, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726338

RESUMO

Despite the need to map research careers, the empirical evidence on career patterns of researchers is limited. We also do not know whether career patterns of researchers can be considered conventional in terms of steady progress or international mobility, nor do we know if career patterns differ between men and women in research as is commonly assumed. We use sequence analysis to identify career patterns of researchers across positions and institutions, based on full career histories of applicants to the European Research Council frontier research grant schemes. We distinguish five career patterns for early and established men and women researchers. With multinomial logit analyses, we estimate the relative likelihood of researchers with certain characteristics in each pattern. We find grantees among all patterns, and limited evidence of gender differences. Our findings on career patterns in research inform further studies and policy making on career development, research funding, and gender equality.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Pesquisadores/normas , Adulto , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Organização do Financiamento , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisadores/psicologia , Análise de Sequência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades/normas
14.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0234172, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: E-science technologies have significantly increased the availability of data. Research grant providers such as the European Union increasingly require open access publishing of research results and data. However, despite its significance to research, the adoption rate of open data technology remains low across all disciplines, especially in Europe where research has primarily focused on technical solutions (such as Zenodo or the Open Science Framework) or considered only parts of the issue. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In this study, we emphasized the non-technical factors perceived value and uncertainty factors in the context of academia, which impact researchers' acceptance of open data-the idea that researchers should not only publish their findings in the form of articles or reports, but also share the corresponding raw data sets. We present the results of a broad quantitative analysis including N = 995 researchers from 13 large to medium-sized universities in Germany. In order to test 11 hypotheses regarding researchers' intentions to share their data, as well as detect any hierarchical or disciplinary differences, we employed a structured equation model (SEM) following the partial least squares (PLS) modeling approach. CONCLUSIONS: Grounded in the value-based theory, this article proclaims that most individuals in academia embrace open data when the perceived advantages outweigh the disadvantages. Furthermore, uncertainty factors impact the perceived value (consisting of the perceived advantages and disadvantages) of sharing research data. We found that researchers' assumptions about effort required during the data preparation process were diminished by awareness of e-science technologies (such as Zenodo or the Open Science Framework), which also increased their tendency to perceive personal benefits via data exchange. Uncertainty factors seem to influence the intention to share data. Effects differ between disciplines and hierarchical levels.


Assuntos
Disseminação de Informação/ética , Editoração/tendências , Pesquisadores/psicologia , Adulto , Pesquisa Biomédica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Organizações , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tecnologia
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