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1.
J Foot Ankle Res ; 14(1): 53, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Occupational musculoskeletal injuries are prevalent in healthcare workers and are reported to be profession-specific. There is, however, a paucity of information around the injuries sustained from working as a podiatrist. This paper looks at the incidence of injury from working as a podiatrist, the aggravating factors to sustain these injuries and whether the changes in workload due to the COVID-19 pandemic altered the incidence. METHODS: A modified work based musculoskeletal injury questionnaire was distributed in the UK via podiatry led social media platforms. Open and Closed questions explored the demographics of the sample, perceived injury 12 months prior to the COVID-19 pandemic and then 6 months into the lockdown. Pre and post COVID-19 data were analysed for differences and thematic analysis was included to categorise reported experiences. RESULTS: 148 podiatrists representing 3 % of HCPC registered practitioners responded to the questionnaire. Employment status altered as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic with a 13 % reduction in those working full time. Environments also changed with domiciliary and telehealth significantly increasing (p > 0.00) and non-clinical roles being extended (p > 0.002). Pain frequency and intensity significantly (p > 0.04) increased as a result of the pandemic with shoulder pain being most frequent before lockdown altering to the neck during the lockdown. Two main themes were identified that were attributed to the causes of pain including physical demands and working in awkward spaces. CONCLUSIONS: Work-related musculoskeletal pain in podiatrists is common with the shoulder and neck being the most frequently affected. Changes in work practices due to the restrictions enforced from the COVID-19 pandemic increased the frequency and intensity of pain mostly associated with increased domiciliary and telehealth working environments.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trabalho , COVID-19 , Cervicalgia , Doenças Profissionais , Podiatria , Dor de Ombro , Acidentes de Trabalho/prevenção & controle , Acidentes de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/métodos , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/classificação , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Podiatria/métodos , Podiatria/tendências , Prevalência , SARS-CoV-2 , Dor de Ombro/epidemiologia , Dor de Ombro/etiologia , Telemedicina/métodos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/normas
2.
South Med J ; 114(9): 593-596, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480193

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Since the onset of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, many US clinics have shifted some or all of their practice from in-person to virtual visits. In this study, we assessed the use of telehealth among primary care and specialty clinics, by targeting healthcare administrators via multiple channels. METHODS: Using an online survey, we assessed the use of, barriers to, and reimbursement for telehealth. Respondents included clinic administrators (chief executive officers, vice presidents, directors, and senior-level managers). RESULTS: A total of 85 complete responses were recorded, 79% of which represented solo or group practices and 63% reported a daily patient census >50. The proportion of clinics that delivered ≥50% of their consults using telehealth increased from 16% in March to 42% in April, 35% in May, and 30% in June. Clinics identified problems with telehealth reimbursement; although 63% of clinics reported that ≥75% of their telehealth consults were reimbursed, only 51% indicated that ≥75% of their telehealth visits were reimbursed at par with in-person office visits. Sixty-five percent of clinics reported having basic or foundational telehealth services, whereas only 9% of clinics reported advanced telehealth maturity. Value-based care participating clinics were more likely to report advanced telehealth services (27%), compared with non-value-based care clinics (3%). CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the adaptability of clinics to quickly transition and adopt telehealth. Uncertainty about reimbursement and policy changes may make the shift temporal, however.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Medicina/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , SARS-CoV-2 , Telemedicina/métodos , Texas
3.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 70(35): 1183-1190, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473682

RESUMO

The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that adolescents aged 11-12 years routinely receive tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap); meningococcal conjugate (MenACWY); and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines. Catch-up vaccination is recommended for hepatitis B (HepB); hepatitis A (HepA); measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR); and varicella (VAR) vaccines for adolescents whose childhood vaccinations are not current. Adolescents are also recommended to receive a booster dose of MenACWY vaccine at age 16 years, and shared clinical decision-making is recommended for the serogroup B meningococcal vaccine (MenB) for persons aged 16-23 years (1). To estimate coverage with recommended vaccines, CDC analyzed data from the 2020 National Immunization Survey-Teen (NIS-Teen) for 20,163 adolescents aged 13-17 years.* Coverage with ≥1 dose of HPV vaccine increased from 71.5% in 2019 to 75.1% in 2020. The percentage of adolescents who were up to date† with HPV vaccination (HPV UTD) increased from 54.2% in 2019 to 58.6% in 2020. Coverage with ≥1 dose of Tdap, ≥1 dose (and among adolescents aged 17 years, ≥2 doses) of MenACWY remained similar to coverage in 2019 (90.1%, 89.3%, and 54.4% respectively). Coverage increased for ≥2 doses of HepA among adolescents aged 13-17 years and ≥1 dose of MenB among adolescents aged 17 years. Adolescents living below the federal poverty level§ had higher HPV vaccination coverage than adolescents living at or above the poverty level. Adolescents living outside a metropolitan statistical area (MSA)¶ had lower coverage with ≥1 MenACWY and ≥1 HPV dose, and a lower proportion being HPV UTD than adolescents in MSA principal cities. In 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted routine immunization services. Results from the 2020 NIS-Teen reflect adolescent vaccination coverage before the COVID-19 pandemic. The 2020 NIS-Teen data could be used to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on catch-up vaccination but not on routine adolescent vaccination because adolescents included in the survey were aged ≥13 years, past the age when most routine adolescent vaccines are recommended, and most vaccinations occurred before March 2020. Continued efforts to reach adolescents whose routine medical care has been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic are necessary to protect persons and communities from vaccine-preventable diseases and outbreaks.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche Acelular/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Meningocócicas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/administração & dosagem , Cobertura Vacinal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Comitês Consultivos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Esquemas de Imunização , Masculino , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Vacinas Conjugadas/administração & dosagem
4.
Open Heart ; 8(2)2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353958

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on cardiac diagnostic testing and practice and to assess its impact in different regions in Europe. METHODS: The online survey organised by the International Atomic Energy Agency Division of Human Health collected information on changes in cardiac imaging procedural volumes between March 2019 and March/April 2020. Data were collected from 909 centres in 108 countries. RESULTS: Centres in Northern and Southern Europe were more likely to cancel all outpatient activities compared with Western and Eastern Europe. There was a greater reduction in total procedure volumes in Europe compared with the rest of the world in March 2020 (45% vs 41%, p=0.003), with a more marked reduction in Southern Europe (58%), but by April 2020 this was similar in Europe and the rest of the world (69% vs 63%, p=0.261). Regional variations were apparent between imaging modalities, but the largest reductions were in Southern Europe for nearly all modalities. In March 2020, location in Southern Europe was the only independent predictor of the reduction in procedure volume. However, in April 2020, lower gross domestic product and higher COVID-19 deaths were the only independent predictors. CONCLUSION: The first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic had a significant impact on care of patients with cardiac disease, with substantial regional variations in Europe. This has potential long-term implications for patients and plans are required to enable the diagnosis of non-COVID-19 conditions during the ongoing pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca/tendências , Cardiologistas/tendências , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/tendências , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Europa (Continente) , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
5.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e046497, 2021 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34400448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of paediatric pain-related visits to emergency departments (EDs) across the USA. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A representative sample of US ED visits using data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS). PARTICIPANTS: Paediatric (age ≤18 years) ED visits in the 2017 NHAMCS data set. DATA ANALYSIS: Each visit was coded as pain-related or non-pain-related using the 'reason for visit' variable. Weighted proportions were calculated with 95% CIs. Logistic regression was used to compare odds of pain-related visits. OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of pain-related visits among paediatric ED visits. RESULTS: There were an estimated 35 million paediatric ED visits in the USA in 2017, 55.6% (CI 53.3% to 57.8%) were pain related, which equates to 19.7 million annual visits. The prevalence of pain-related visits reached more than 50% of visits at age 6-7 and plateaued at relatively high proportions. Children of races other than white or black had lower odds of having a pain-related visit (OR 0.48, CI 0.29 to 0.81) than white children, as did children who were black, though the difference was not statistically significant (OR 0.88, CI 0.73 to 1.06). Relative to children covered by private insurance, children with Medicaid or CHIP (Children's Health Insurance Program) coverage had lower odds of a pain-related visit (OR 0.75, CI 0.60 to 0.93). Injuries represented 46.5% (CI 42.0% to 51.0%) of pain-related visits. Pain scores were reported in less than 50% of pain-related visits. CONCLUSION: Pain is the reason for visit in 55.6% of paediatric ED visits across the USA. The prevalence of pain-related visits peak before adolescence and it continues relatively high until the age 18. Injury, racial disparities in pain and poor pain score reporting should remain major topics of study in the paediatric population.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Medicaid , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Dor/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
6.
JAMA ; 326(7): 649-659, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402829

RESUMO

Importance: Measuring health care spending by race and ethnicity is important for understanding patterns in utilization and treatment. Objective: To estimate, identify, and account for differences in health care spending by race and ethnicity from 2002 through 2016 in the US. Design, Setting, and Participants: This exploratory study included data from 7.3 million health system visits, admissions, or prescriptions captured in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (2002-2016) and the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (2002-2012), which were combined with the insured population and notified case estimates from the National Health Interview Survey (2002; 2016) and health care spending estimates from the Disease Expenditure project (1996-2016). Exposure: Six mutually exclusive self-reported race and ethnicity groups. Main Outcomes and Measures: Total and age-standardized health care spending per person by race and ethnicity for each year from 2002 through 2016 by type of care. Health care spending per notified case by race and ethnicity for key diseases in 2016. Differences in health care spending across race and ethnicity groups were decomposed into differences in utilization rate vs differences in price and intensity of care. Results: In 2016, an estimated $2.4 trillion (95% uncertainty interval [UI], $2.4 trillion-$2.4 trillion) was spent on health care across the 6 types of care included in this study. The estimated age-standardized total health care spending per person in 2016 was $7649 (95% UI, $6129-$8814) for American Indian and Alaska Native (non-Hispanic) individuals; $4692 (95% UI, $4068-$5202) for Asian, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (non-Hispanic) individuals; $7361 (95% UI, $6917-$7797) for Black (non-Hispanic) individuals; $6025 (95% UI, $5703-$6373) for Hispanic individuals; $9276 (95% UI, $8066-$10 601) for individuals categorized as multiple races (non-Hispanic); and $8141 (95% UI, $8038-$8258) for White (non-Hispanic) individuals, who accounted for an estimated 72% (95% UI, 71%-73%) of health care spending. After adjusting for population size and age, White individuals received an estimated 15% (95% UI, 13%-17%; P < .001) more spending on ambulatory care than the all-population mean. Black (non-Hispanic) individuals received an estimated 26% (95% UI, 19%-32%; P < .001) less spending than the all-population mean on ambulatory care but received 19% (95% UI, 3%-32%; P = .02) more on inpatient and 12% (95% UI, 4%-24%; P = .04) more on emergency department care. Hispanic individuals received an estimated 33% (95% UI, 26%-37%; P < .001) less spending per person on ambulatory care than the all-population mean. Asian, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (non-Hispanic) individuals received less spending than the all-population mean on all types of care except dental (all P < .001), while American Indian and Alaska Native (non-Hispanic) individuals had more spending on emergency department care than the all-population mean (estimated 90% more; 95% UI, 11%-165%; P = .04), and multiple-race (non-Hispanic) individuals had more spending on emergency department care than the all-population mean (estimated 40% more; 95% UI, 19%-63%; P = .006). All 18 of the statistically significant race and ethnicity spending differences by type of care corresponded with differences in utilization. These differences persisted when controlling for underlying disease burden. Conclusions and Relevance: In the US from 2002 through 2016, health care spending varied by race and ethnicity across different types of care even after adjusting for age and health conditions. Further research is needed to determine current health care spending by race and ethnicity, including spending related to the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Gastos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/etnologia , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Estados Unidos
8.
Am J Addict ; 30(5): 445-452, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The rapid scale-up of telehealth services for substance use disorders (SUDs) during the COVID-19 pandemic presented a unique opportunity to investigate patient experiences with telehealth. This study examined patient perceptions of telehealth in an outpatient SUD treatment program offering individual therapy, group therapy, and medication management. METHODS: Two hundred and seventy adults receiving SUD outpatient treatment were eligible to complete a 23-item online survey distributed by clinicians; 58 patients completed/partially completed the survey. Data were summarized with descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Participants were predominately male, White, and well-educated. The majority (86.2%) were "very satisfied" or "satisfied" with the quality of telehealth care. "Very satisfied" ratings were highest for individual therapy (90%), followed by medication management (75%) and group therapy (58%). Top reasons for liking telehealth included the ability to do it from home (90%) and not needing to spend time commuting (83%). Top reasons for disliking telehealth were not connecting as well with other members in group therapy (28%) and the ability for telehealth to be interrupted at home or work (26%). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Telehealth visits were a satisfactory treatment modality for most respondents receiving outpatient SUD care, especially those engaging in individual therapy. Challenges remain for telehealth group therapy. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first study examining patients' perceptions of telehealth for outpatient SUD treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic by treatment service type. Importantly, while many participants found telehealth more accessible than in-person treatment, there was variability with respect to the preferred mode of treatment delivery.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial , COVID-19 , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Pandemias , Satisfação do Paciente , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Telemedicina , Adulto , Assistência Ambulatorial/métodos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pacientes Ambulatoriais/psicologia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais/estatística & dados numéricos , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicoterapia de Grupo , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia
9.
J Med Microbiol ; 70(8)2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351258

RESUMO

Introduction. Enteric fever (caused by Salmonella enterica serovars Typhi and Paratyphi) frequently presents as an acute, undifferentiated febrile illness in returning travellers, requiring timely empirical antibiotics.Gap Statement. Determining which empirical antibiotics to prescribe for enteric fever requires up-to-date knowledge of susceptibility patterns.Aim. By characterising factors associated with antimicrobial resistance in cases of S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi imported to England, we aim to guide effective empirical treatment.Methodology. All English isolates of S. Typhi and S. Paratyphi 2014-2019 underwent antimicrobial susceptibility testing; results were compared to a previous survey in London 2005-2012. Risk factors for antimicrobial resistance were analysed with logistic regression models to predict adjusted odds ratios (aOR) for resistance to individual antibiotics and multi-drug resistance.Results. We identified 1088 cases of S. Typhi, 729 S. Paratyphi A, 93 S. Paratyphi B, and one S. Paratyphi C. In total, 93 % were imported. Overall, 90 % of S. Typhi and 97 % of S. Paratyphi A isolates were resistant to ciprofloxacin; 26 % of S. Typhi were multidrug resistant to ciprofloxacin, amoxicillin, co-trimoxazole, and chloramphenicol (MDR+FQ). Of the isolates, 4 % of S. Typhi showed an extended drug resistance (XDR) phenotype of MDR+FQ plus resistance to third-generation cephalosporins, with cases of XDR rising sharply in recent years (none before 2017, one in 2017, six in 2018, 32 in 2019). For S. Typhi isolates, resistance to ciprofloxacin was associated with travel to Pakistan (aOR=32.0, 95 % CI: 15.4-66.4), India (aOR=21.8, 95 % CI: 11.6-41.2), and Bangladesh (aOR=6.2, 95 % CI: 2.8-13.6) compared to travel elsewhere, after adjusting for rising prevalence of resistance over time. MDR+FQ resistance in S. Typhi isolates was associated with travel to Pakistan (aOR=3.5, 95 % CI: 2.4-5.2) and less likely with travel to India (aOR=0.07, 95 % CI 0.04-0.15) compared to travel elsewhere. All XDR cases were imported from Pakistan. No isolate was resistant to azithromycin. Comparison with the 2005-2012 London survey indicates substantial increases in the prevalence of resistance of S. Typhi isolates to ciprofloxacin associated with travel to Pakistan (from 79-98 %) and Africa (from 12-60 %).Conclusion. Third-generation cephalosporins and azithromycin remain appropriate choices for empirical treatment of enteric fever in most returning travellers to the UK from endemic countries, except from Pakistan, where XDR represents a significant risk.


Assuntos
Doença Relacionada a Viagens , Viagem , Febre Tifoide/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Estudos Transversais , Gerenciamento Clínico , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Febre Tifoide/história , Febre Tifoide/terapia , Febre Tifoide/transmissão , Adulto Jovem
10.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371909

RESUMO

With an growing number of people on a strict plant-based diet, its potential effect on pregnancy and lactation becomes increasingly important. It is, however, unclear how obstetric caregivers currently handle and think about a strict plant-based diet in pregnancy. The aim of the study was therefore to evaluate the self-reported knowledge and advice given by Dutch obstetric caregivers and dietitians when treating pregnant women on a strict plant-based diet. A cross-sectional study was performed by sending an online survey to Dutch midwife practices, obstetricians, and dietitian practices. Descriptive statistics are reported. A total of 121 midwives, 179 obstetricians, and 111 dietitians participated in this study. The majority of midwives (80.2%) and obstetricians (93.9%) considered a strict plant-based diet to be a significant risk factor for nutrient deficiency during pregnancy. Maternal dietary preferences, including a potential strict plant-based diet, were discussed at the first prenatal appointment by 59.5% of midwives and 24.1% of obstetricians. A self-reported lack of knowledge concerning the strict plant-based diet was mentioned by 66.1% of midwives and 75.4% of obstetricians. Obstetric caregivers mostly considered the identification of this dietary habit and subsequent referral to a dietitian or a reliable website as optimal care for pregnant women on the strict plant-based diet. However, only 38.7% of dietitians indicated to have sufficient knowledge to counsel these women. Although obstetric caregivers thought that a strict plant-based diet in pregnancy may lead to increased risks of nutritional deficiencies, the majority report to have insufficient knowledge to provide adequate advice. Only a minority referred these women to dietitians, of whom a minority indicated to have adequate knowledge on this specific diet. These results suggest that current care is suboptimal for an increasing number of pregnant women. Women on a strict plant-based diet could benefit from increased knowledge about this topic among obstetric caregivers and dietitians, as well as from clear guidelines regarding this diet during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Dieta Vegetariana , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Materna , Tocologia , Estado Nutricional , Nutricionistas , Obstetrícia , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Competência Clínica , Aconselhamento , Estudos Transversais , Dieta Vegetariana/efeitos adversos , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Valor Nutritivo , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Gravidez , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Br J Radiol ; 94(1125): 20210736, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Orthopaedic surgeons have a responsibility to minimise risks of ionising radiation to patients, themselves and staff. This study aims to establish the understanding of radiation practice, legislation and risk by orthopaedic surgeons. METHODS: A nationwide online survey of UK-based orthopaedic surgeons was conducted. Participants answered 18 multiple-choice questions assessing level of radiation safety training, basic principles/knowledge of ionising radiation, relevant legislation and operating practice. RESULTS: A total of 406 surgeons completed the survey. 92% reported using intraoperative ionising radiation at least once per week. 38% received no formal training on radiation safety. Knowledge of basic principles of radiation and legislation was limited. There was variable knowledge when labelling an image intensifier machine and choosing its safest orientation. Poor uptake of radiation protection equipment was noted. Only 19% agreed they had adequate training in ionising radiation safety and 27% reported receiving adequate training in equipment emitting ionising radiation in the operating theatre. CONCLUSION: Many orthopaedic surgeons in the UK do not believe they are adequately trained in radiation safety. There is a deficiency amongst practicing surgeons in basic knowledge, relevant legislation and practicalities of the use of ionising radiation in the operating room. This could potentially put patients and health-care professionals at additional risk. We recommend that a standardised national training programme on the basic principles and safety of ionising radiation is implemented for all practicing orthopaedic surgeons. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: This paper is the first UK national survey amongst orthopaedic surgeons and is one of the largest reported internationally.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/métodos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Cirurgiões Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Proteção Radiológica/métodos , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Proteção Radiológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiação Ionizante , Reino Unido
12.
Anesth Analg ; 133(3): 772-780, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34232953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women. Surgery is a mainstay therapy unfortunately burdened by complications as severe postoperative pain. Regional anesthesia may play a role in a multimodal strategy for prevention and treatment of postoperative pain. The main purpose of this survey was to investigate the rate of use of regional anesthesia techniques in patients undergoing breast surgery in the Italian public hospital system. METHODS: We designed an online survey that consisted of 22 questions investigating the anesthesia management of breast surgery, particularly focused on regional anesthesia. The survey lasted from November 18, 2019 to February 28, 2020. Directors of anesthesia departments of 168 Italian public health system hospitals were contacted and invited to forward the survey to every anesthesiologist in their unit. RESULTS: A total of 935 anesthesiologists received the survey; among them 460 entered the final analysis. Regional anesthesia was not used by 44.6% of the anesthesiologists and lack of experience/training was the main cause (75.6%). Logistic regression models revealed that anesthesiologists with more than 15 years of experience (odds ratio [OR] = 0.55; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.33-0.93) or working most of their days in intensive care unit (ICU) compared to operating theater (OR = 0.25; 95% CI, 0.14-0.43) were less likely to perform regional anesthesia techniques. CONCLUSIONS: Low implementation of regional anesthesia techniques in breast surgery emerges from our survey and the major reason cited is a lack of proper training. An improved training program in regional anesthesia, especially in residents' curricula, could be useful to increase its rate of use and to standardize its practice.


Assuntos
Anestesia por Condução/tendências , Anestesiologistas/tendências , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Anestesia por Condução/efeitos adversos , Anestesiologistas/educação , Competência Clínica , Currículo , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Internato e Residência , Itália , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(9): 105985, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: COVID-19 pandemic has forced important changes in health care worldwide. Stroke care networks have been affected, especially during peak periods. We assessed the impact of the pandemic and lockdowns in stroke admissions and care in Latin America. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multinational study (7 countries, 18 centers) of patients admitted during the pandemic outbreak (March-June 2020). Comparisons were made with the same period in 2019. Numbers of cases, stroke etiology and severity, acute care and hospitalization outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: Most countries reported mild decreases in stroke admissions compared to the same period of 2019 (1187 vs. 1166, p = 0.03). Among stroke subtypes, there was a reduction in ischemic strokes (IS) admissions (78.3% vs. 73.9%, p = 0.01) compared with 2019, especially in IS with NIHSS 0-5 (50.1% vs. 44.9%, p = 0.03). A substantial increase in the proportion of stroke admissions beyond 48 h from symptoms onset was observed (13.8% vs. 20.5%, p < 0.001). Nevertheless, no differences in total reperfusion treatment rates were observed, with similar door-to-needle, door-to-CT, and door-to-groin times in both periods. Other stroke outcomes, as all-type mortality during hospitalization (4.9% vs. 9.7%, p < 0.001), length of stay (IQR 1-5 days vs. 0-9 days, p < 0.001), and likelihood to be discharged home (91.6% vs. 83.0%, p < 0.001), were compromised during COVID-19 lockdown period. CONCLUSIONS: In this Latin America survey, there was a mild decrease in admissions of IS during the COVID-19 lockdown period, with a significant delay in time to consultations and worse hospitalization outcomes.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Endovasculares/tendências , Hospitalização/tendências , Padrões de Prática Médica/tendências , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Tempo para o Tratamento/tendências , COVID-19/transmissão , Causas de Morte/tendências , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , América Latina , Tempo de Internação/tendências , Masculino , Admissão do Paciente/tendências , Alta do Paciente/tendências , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Ann Glob Health ; 87(1): 56, 2021 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34221909

RESUMO

Background: The adherence of medical laboratory technicians (MLT) to infection control guidelines is essential for reducing the risk of exposure to infectious agents. This study explored the adherence of MLT towards infection control practices during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: The study population consisted of MLT (n = 444) who worked in private and government health sectors in Jordan. A self-reported survey was used to collect data from participants. Findings: More than 87% of the participants reported adherence to hand-washing guidelines and using personal protective equipment (PPE) when interacting with patients (74.5%), and handling clinical samples (70.0%). Besides, 88.1%, 48.2%, and 7.7% reported wearing of lab coats, face masks, and goggles, at all times, respectively. The majority reported increased adherence to infection control practices during the COVID-19 pandemic. This includes increased PPE use at the workplace (94.2%), increased frequency of disinfection of laboratory surfaces (92.4%) and laboratory equipment (86.7%), and increased frequency of handwashing/use of antiseptics (94.6%). Having a graduate degree was significantly associated with increased adherence of participants to the daily use of goggles/eye protection (p = 0.002), and the use of PPE while handling clinical samples (p = 0.011). Having work experience of >10 years was associated with increased adherence to the use of PPE while handling clinical samples (p = 0.001). Conclusion: MLT reported very good adherence with most assessed infection control practices. In addition, they reported increased conformity with infection control guidelines during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Controle de Infecções , Laboratórios , Pessoal de Laboratório Médico , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/normas , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Desinfecção das Mãos/métodos , Desinfecção das Mãos/normas , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/instrumentação , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Controle de Infecções/normas , Jordânia/epidemiologia , Laboratórios/organização & administração , Laboratórios/normas , Masculino , Pessoal de Laboratório Médico/normas , Pessoal de Laboratório Médico/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribuição , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , SARS-CoV-2 , Autorrelato
16.
Afr J AIDS Res ; 20(2): 181-188, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264164

RESUMO

Despite global calls for stronger linkages between family planning and HIV, a growing body of evidence in sub-Saharan Africa suggests that the integration of family planning and HIV service delivery is suboptimal in some countries. In this study, we assess the integration and quality of family planning services in health facilities that provide HIV-related services in Nigeria. This study analysed secondary data from the Performance Monitoring and Accountability 2020 cross-sectional survey conducted between May and July 2016 in seven states in Nigeria. Our study sample was restricted to 290 health facilities providing HIV services. We performed descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression analyses. Ninety-five per cent of the health facilities reported offering family planning counselling, provision of family planning methods, and/or referral for family planning methods to clients accessing HIV services. About 84% of these health facilities with integrated family planning and HIV services reported that they discussed the preferred method, dual methods, instructions and side effects of the chosen method, and the reproductive intentions with clients during an HIV consultation. None of the health facilities' characteristics was significantly associated with the integration of family planning services into HIV services. Private health facilities (aOR 0.3, 95% CI 0.07-0.92), urban health facilities (aOR 3.8, 95% CI 1.64-8.76), and provision of postnatal care (aOR 3.9, 95% CI 1.10-13.74) were statistically associated with the quality of family planning services provided to clients accessing HIV services. Family planning services were integrated into HIV services in a majority of the health facilities in our study. However, our findings indicate the need for improvement in the quality of family planning services provided to clients accessing HIV services.


Assuntos
Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por HIV/terapia , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/métodos , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Instalações de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 952021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238915

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In modern health systems, emergency services (ES) constitute one of the cornerstones of health care, and they have an essential role in the conception of current health services. The objective of this work was to analyze the effect of sociodemographic characteristics and clinical factors in the use of ES. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with data from the National Health Survey of Spain (2017) in which 23,089 adults (15 years or more) participated. Three population profiles were defined to analyze visits to ES (young people between 15 and 24 years of age; people aged 75 or over and with multiple pathologies; the general population). Descriptive analyses were performed by population profile, and logistic regression models by population profile and type of service (public hospital, public non-hospital emergency center, and private health center) were applied to evaluate the association between the use of ES and the independent variables. RESULTS: The percentage of use of ES was higher in the elderly population with multiple pathologies (41.1%) compared to young people (35.7%) and the general population (28.4%). Young people between 15 and 24 years of age used ES more in private centers, and the associated factors were female sex (OR=2.862; 95% CI=1.139-7.191), the use of diagnostic tests (OR=9.401; 95% CI=3.183-27.760), belonging to the lowest social classes (OR=0.207; 95% CI=0.073-0.585) and residing in municipalities with more than 50,000 inhabitants and capitals (OR=5.985; 95% CI=1.143-31.330). The elderly population with multiple pathologies presented a worse state of health than the other two population groups and with a higher demand for ES in public hospitals. In addition, in the elderly population group, the factors associated with the use of ES in public hospitals were having been hospitalized (OR=2.229; 95% CI=1.333-3.730), belonging to the lowest social classes (social class III: OR=2.794; 95% CI=1.154-6.768/social class IV-V- VI: OR=3.767; 95% CI=2.236-6.344), residing in municipalities with more than 50,000 inhabitants and capitals (OR=1.679; 95% CI=1.042-2.704) and having had at least one visit to the PC doctor (OR=0.603; 95% CI=0.396-0.918). Finally, in the general population the variables associated with increased use of ES in public hospitals were age (OR=1.009; 95% CI=1.001-1.016), the highest number of visits to the PC doctor (OR=1.550; 95% CI=1.180-2.170), the use of diagnostic tests (OR=1.480; 95% CI=1.236-1.773) and belonging to the lowest social classes (social class IV-V-VI: OR=1.581; 95% CI=1.229-2.033). CONCLUSIONS: The characteristics associated with the use of ES, both public and private, as well as hospital and extra-hospital, differ according to socioeconomic characteristics and clinical factors. The results of this study suggest redirecting interventions to improve care outcomes, as well as achieving a more rational use of ES.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Multimorbidade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Espanha , Adulto Jovem
18.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; 182(9): 844-851, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082429

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Biological drugs are currently used for the treatment of chronic inflammatory, autoimmune, and neoplastic diseases. With their expanding indication spectrum and increasing use, hypersensitivity reactions to these drugs are also becoming more frequent. The present study aimed to report the incidence and the features of such reactions in pediatric patients using biologicals for the treatment of various diseases. METHODS: The medical records of pediatric patients treated with biological agents between October 1, 2011 and August 31, 2019 were reviewed and adverse reactions were evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: During the study period, 211 patients (116 boys, 55%) used 21 different biological drugs for the treatment of various diseases. Their median age at the time of the first treatment was 139.9 (IQR: 92.2-187.8) months. Hematologic-oncologic diseases were the most common indication for biological therapy (97/211; 46.0%), followed by rheumatologic diseases (82/211; 38.9%). Of the 211 patients, 14 (6.64%) experienced reactions to biological drugs. The most common culprit agent was rituximab (57.1%). Most of the patients (85.7%) had a history of reactions either during the infusion or within 1 h after taking the drug. Five patients underwent desensitization to the culprit drug, while 7 other patients continued treatment with a reduced dose/infusion rate or premedication. Also 1 patient continued to take the drug without any additional treatment. CONCLUSION: It was reported that 6.64% of the patients who received biologic drug therapy for various reasons in our hospital had hypersensitivity. The most common culprit agent was rituximab, and most of the reactions were immediate reactions.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/etiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Produtos Biológicos/administração & dosagem , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Gerenciamento Clínico , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/diagnóstico , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Avaliação de Sintomas
19.
Auris Nasus Larynx ; 48(6): 1176-1180, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34172351

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In Japan, many otolaryngologists provide primary care for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics of otorhinolaryngological findings in order to improve COVID-19 diagnostic systems in a primary care setting. METHODS: A total of 351 patients (mean age, 36.0 ± 15.4 years) diagnosed with COVID-19 by otolaryngologists who belong to the Japan Otorhinolaryngologists Association were included in the study. A web-based questionnaire was used to collect information regarding the timing of positive identification of COVID-19, the route of infection, symptoms, and findings in the tonsils, nasal cavity, pharynx, ear, and neck. A modified Centor score was calculated for cases in which age, symptoms, and tonsil and neck findings were described. RESULTS: Symptoms included fever (56%), olfactory disturbance (46%), and a sore throat (56%). Of the individuals considered, 63% had ordinary rhinoscopic findings, 21% experienced watery rhinorrhea, and 12% had observable mucosal redness. Further, 87% had ordinary tonsillar findings, 13% displayed tonsillar redness, with enlargement and white mucus observe in 2% and 1% of participants, respectively. A total of 193 patients had a calculated Centor score of 3 points in 2%, and scores of the remaining participants were ≤2 points. CONCLUSION: Of all patients considered, 40% had nasal findings and 4% had purulent nasal discharge. In contrast, only 13% of the patients had tonsillar findings, and no patients had Centor scores ≥4 points. Symptom differentiation from that of bacterial infections is difficult. In areas where COVID-19 is prevalent, the disease should be considered in patients presenting with fever, olfactory disturbances, and sore throat with minimal or no clinical findings in the nasal cavity and pharynx.


Assuntos
COVID-19/diagnóstico , Otorrinolaringopatias/diagnóstico , Avaliação de Sintomas , Adulto , Infecções Bacterianas/diagnóstico , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Otorrinolaringologistas , Otorrinolaringopatias/epidemiologia , Otorrinolaringopatias/virologia
20.
Public Health ; 196: 1-3, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34118765

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Dog bites are a frequent source of injury requiring emergency department (ED) management. We sought to evaluate the longitudinal burden of dog bites presenting to US EDs. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of a complex survey. METHODS: We evaluated the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, a complex survey of non-federal US ED encounters between 2002 and 2017. Dog bites were identified via ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM codes. We report trends in dog bites (adjusted to US Census population data) overall and among patients younger than 18 years using the Spearman rank correlation test. RESULTS: Of 2.0 billion ED encounters, 6.6 million (0.3%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.3-0.4%) were for dog bites. There were 13.5 encounters per 10,000 population (all ages) and 20.8 per 10,000 among those younger than 18 years. Rates of bites increased over time for encounters younger than 18 years (rho = 0.54, 95% CI 0.08, 0.82), but not for those aged 18 years or older (rho = 0.44, 95% CI -0.08, 0.77). Among patients younger than 18 years, the rate of presentations increased from 17.7 to 22.3 per 10,000 encounters during the 16-year period. The highest rate of encounters was among patients aged 6-11 years, where 24.3 per 10,000 presented with dog bites and for which 59.3% (95% CI 49.1-69.6%) were boys. Overall, 75.3% (95% CI 72.3-89.3%) were provided with antibiotics and 4.1% (95% CI 2.5-5.7%) were diagnosed with skin/soft tissue infection. CONCLUSION: Dog bite presentations demonstrated a small but significant increase in rates of presentation over time among children and youth. Continued efforts are needed to curb this common injury.


Assuntos
Mordeduras e Picadas , Adolescente , Animais , Mordeduras e Picadas/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Cães , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Classificação Internacional de Doenças
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