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1.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 68, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31448030

RESUMO

Introduction: Field Epidemiology Training Programmes (FETPs) are functional ways of strengthening epidemiology, surveillance and outbreak response capacity in countries. However, sustainability of FETPs is a major challenge facing most countries especially in Africa. The Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (GFELTP) started in 2007 in the University of Ghana School of Public Health as a solution to gaps in the public health workforce. This paper assessed the sustainability strategies embedded in the Ghana Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme. Methods: We assessed the sustainability of GFELTP by document reviews and interviews with programme staff and stakeholders to identify sustainability structures (programme, financial and institutional) that were in place. We grouped information into the following headings: programme structure, institutional, financial and political structures. Results: As of July 2017, a total of 350 public health experts have been trained in both frontline and advanced courses since the programme's inception. For funding structures, the programme is funded mainly by its partners and stakeholders who are local government organisations. They provide resources for running of programme activities. Under institutional and political structures, the programme was established as a Ministry of Health/Ghana Health Service programme based in the University of Ghana. The programme steering committee which is currently chaired by the Director Public Health of Ghana Health Service, jointly ensures its implementation. Other structures of sustainability observed were involvement of stakeholders and alumni in human resource of the programme; use of stakeholders as faculty for the programme. These stakeholders include staff from University of Ghana School of Public Health, Ghana Health Service and Veterinary Service Department, World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The programme showed evidence of stable sustainability strategies in all four structures evaluated. Conclusion: The assessment found the GFELTP to be sustainable. The main factors that contributed to rendering it sustainable were funding, programme, institutional and political structures embedded in the programme. One remarkable sustainability element observed was the strong collaboration that existed between stakeholders of the programme who worked hand in hand to ensure the programme runs smoothly. However, more sources of funding and other essential resources need to be considered to help the programme obtain a pool of resources for carrying out its activities.


Assuntos
Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Epidemiologia/educação , Vigilância da População/métodos , Saúde Pública/educação , Fortalecimento Institucional , Comportamento Cooperativo , Feminino , Gana , Humanos , Pessoal de Laboratório/educação , Masculino , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
2.
PLoS Biol ; 17(6): e3000312, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31173580

RESUMO

The MooSciTIC project is a capacity-building initiative targeting West African research scientists and higher education teachers. The project aimed to improve the self-reliance of researchers and upgrade research practices by providing on-site summer schools on trans-disciplinary topics such as scientific writing, communication, and integrity. Here, we explain how this program was designed and implemented and share the positive responses from our trainees, hoping to inspire similar initiatives.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Laboratório/educação , Pesquisadores/educação , Ensino/educação , África Ocidental , Comunicação , Humanos , Pobreza , Instituições Acadêmicas
3.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 25(5)2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002302

RESUMO

Experienced, qualified personnel certified to work in high-level biocontainment laboratories contribute to the safe operation of these facilities. China began a training program for laboratory users after establishing its first Biosafety Level 4 laboratory, the Wuhan National Biosafety Laboratory (Level 4) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. We provide an overview of the content of this training program, which can serve as a reference for developing national norms for high-containment laboratory training.


Assuntos
Contenção de Riscos Biológicos , Pessoal de Laboratório/educação , China , Humanos , Laboratórios
5.
Biochem Mol Biol Educ ; 47(3): 257-262, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30748084

RESUMO

This study presents an evaluation of virtual laboratory simulation for educational use in the AP Degree Programme in Chemical and Biotechnical Science at University College Copenhagen in Denmark. The purpose was to test if, and how, virtual laboratory simulation could be applied to a practically oriented education such as the education of laboratory technicians-the aim being to motivate students and improve the education with new teaching tools. The study investigated how specific virtual lab simulation cases (Labster-cases) may stimulate motivation, study intensity, and learning among laboratory technician students. Altogether, 78 students evaluated different educational aspects of using virtual lab cases in relation to a 2-week course within gene technology. Overall, students were positive regarding the use of laboratory simulation as well as the specific cases tested. The study showed that virtual lab simulation seems to help laboratory technician students connect theory with practice and to visualize molecular processes as well as practical laboratory procedures and instrument techniques, however, it did also pose technical challenges. Furthermore, the study indicated that the use of virtual lab simulation cases can contribute to increased study activity as well as motivation. The overall conclusion of this study was that virtual lab simulation is an effective supplement to traditional teaching activities for the education of lab technicians. © 2019 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 47(3):257-262, 2019.


Assuntos
Currículo , Pessoal de Laboratório/educação , Aprendizagem , Motivação , Estudantes/psicologia , Realidade Virtual , Dinamarca , Humanos , Universidades
6.
Health Secur ; 16(S1): S87-S97, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30480499

RESUMO

Uganda is prone to epidemics of deadly infectious diseases and other public health emergencies. Though significant progress has been made in response to emergencies during the past 2 decades, system weaknesses still exist, including lack of a robust workforce with competencies to identify, investigate, and control disease outbreaks at the source. These deficiencies hamper global health security broadly. To address need for a highly competent workforce to combat infectious diseases, the Uganda Ministry of Health established the Public Health Fellowship Program (PHFP), the advanced-level Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP), closely modeled after the CDC's Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) program. The 2-year, full-time, non-degree granting program is the first absolute post-master's FETP in Africa for mid-career public health professionals. Fellows gain competencies in 7 main domains, which are demonstrated by deliverables, while learning through service delivery 80% of the time in the ministry of health. During 2015-2017, PHFP enrolled 3 cohorts of 31 fellows. By January 2018, PHFP had graduated 2 cohorts (2015 and 2016) of 19 fellows. Fellows were placed in 17 priority areas of the ministry of health. They completed 153 projects (including 60 outbreak investigations, 12 refugee assessments, 40 surveillance projects, and 31 applied epidemiologic studies), of which 49 involved potential bioterrorism agents or epidemic-prone diseases. They made 132 conference presentations, prepared 40 manuscripts for peer-reviewed publication (17 published as of December 2017), and produced 3 case studies. Many of these projects have resulted in public health interventions that led to improvements in disease control and surveillance systems. The program has produced 19 issues of ministry of health bulletins. One year after graduation, graduates have been placed in key public health decision-making positions. Within 3 years, PHFP has strengthened global health security through improvement in public health emergency response; identification, investigation and control of outbreaks at their sources; and documentation and dissemination of findings to inform decision making by relevant stakeholders.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação , Epidemiologia/educação , Bolsas de Estudo , Saúde Global , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Medidas de Segurança , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Pessoal de Laboratório/educação , Vigilância da População , Saúde Pública/educação , Uganda , Estados Unidos
8.
Vet Parasitol ; 252: 80-84, 2018 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29559156

RESUMO

One of the allures of parasitology is its breadth of aspects spanning everything from molecules to ecosystems. Very few institutions have the capability to cover this breadth in educating parasitologists. As the national professional body, the Australian Society for Parasitology has developed a training course that aims to fill this gap. The course offers a comprehensive overview over the field, highlights the current research foci and introduces key methods. The program equips participants with an appreciation of parasites and with strategies to deal with the complexity of parasitological systems. The course provides an innovative model for training parasitological key concepts with a focus on professional development for early career researchers.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Laboratório/educação , Parasitologia/educação , Pesquisa , Animais , Austrália/epidemiologia , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Humanos , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/epidemiologia
10.
Pan Afr Med J ; 27: 233, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28979635

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In the last decades, Mozambique has been undergoing demographic, epidemiological, economic and social transitions, which have all had a notable impact on the National Health System. New challenges have emerged, causing a need to expand the preparation and response to emerging disease threats and public health emergencies. METHODS: We describe the structure and function of the Mozambique Field Epidemiology Training Program (MZ-FELTP) and the main outputs achieved during the first 6 years of program implementation (consisting of 3 cohorts). We also outline the contribution of the program to the National Health System and assess the retention of the graduates. RESULTS: The MZ-FELTP is a post-graduate in-service training program, based on the acquisition of skills, within two tracks: applied epidemiology and laboratory management. The program was established in 2010, with the objective of strengthening capacity in applied epidemiology and laboratory management, so that events of public health importance can be detected and investigated in a timely and effective manner. The program is in its seventh year, having successfully trained 36 health professionals in the advanced course. During the first six years of the program, more than 40 outbreaks were investigated, 37 surveillance system evaluations were conducted and 39 descriptive data analyses were performed. Surveillance activities were implemented for mass events and emergency situations. In addition, more than 100 oral and poster presentations were given by trainees at national and international conferences. CONCLUSION: The MZ-FELTP has helped provide the Ministry of Health with the human and technical resources and operational capacity, to rapidly and effectively respond to major public health challenges in the country. The continuous involvement of key stakeholders is necessary for the continuation, expansion and ongoing sustainability of the program.


Assuntos
Epidemiologia/educação , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Capacitação em Serviço/organização & administração , Saúde Pública/educação , Fortalecimento Institucional/métodos , Competência Clínica , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Laboratórios , Pessoal de Laboratório/educação , Moçambique , Vigilância da População/métodos , Desenvolvimento de Programas
15.
Am J Clin Pathol ; 147(4): 427-431, 2017 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28340123

RESUMO

Objectives: In 2012, the Vietnam Ministry of Health sought to improve the quality of health laboratories by introducing international quality standards. Methods: Strengthening Laboratory Management Toward Accreditation (SLMTA), a year-long, structured, quality improvement curriculum (including projects and mentorship) was piloted in 12 laboratories. Progress was measured using a standardized audit tool (Stepwise Laboratory Quality Improvement Process Towards Accreditation). Results: All 12 pilot laboratories (a mix of hospital and public health) demonstrated improvement; median scores rose from 44% to 78% compliance. The public health laboratory in Hai Duong Province entered the program with the lowest score of the group (28%) yet concluded with the highest score (86%). Five months after the completion of the program, without any additional external support, they were accredited. Laboratory management/staff describe factors key to their success: support from the facility senior management, how-to guidance provided by SLMTA, support from the site mentor, and strong commitment of laboratory staff. Conclusions: Hai Duong preventive medical center is one of only a handful of laboratories to reach accreditation after participation in SLMTA and the only laboratory to do so without additional support. Due to the success seen in Hai Duong and other pilot laboratories, Vietnam has expanded the use of SLMTA.


Assuntos
Acreditação , Laboratórios/normas , Pessoal de Laboratório/educação , Humanos , Laboratórios/organização & administração , Pessoal de Laboratório/normas , Controle de Qualidade , Melhoria de Qualidade , Padrões de Referência , Vietnã
16.
Fontilles, Rev. leprol ; 30(6): 611-617, sept.-dic. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-159091

RESUMO

Durante 2 días, un total de 155 técnicos de laboratorio empleados en distintos laboratorios públicos del gobierno de Tamil Nadu, India, con una experiencia entre 3-25 años, se formaron en la técnica de toma de muestras cutáneas y nasales en el Centro de Enseñanza e Investigación de Chengalpattu entre 2013 y 2014. El objetivo de la formación era centrar su atención en las técnicas de frotis cutáneo y nasal. La formación consistió en demostraciones directas in vivo y formación práctica, evaluación y clasificación de las muestras. Se llevó a cabo una evaluación pre y post formación de cada uno de los participantes. La efectividad de la formación se analizó y había una significativa evidencia (P = 0.004) de que la formación mejor. el conocimiento de los participantes. De promedio, el nivel de conocimientos se incrementó en 10 puntos


A total number of 155 Laboratory Technicians working for the Government of Tamil Nadu, India having an experience of 3 to 25 years in various Public Health Laboratories of the state were deputed to undergo 2 days’ orientation training programme on skin smear and nasal smear techniques at the Central Leprosy Teaching and Research Institute, Chengalpattu in 2013–2014. The aim of the orientation training was to focus their attention on quality skin smear and nasal smear techniques reported by Laboratory Technicians working in various public health laboratories of the state. The training was conducted through live hands-on demonstration, practical performance of trainees and module reading. Pre- and post assessment was carried out for every Laboratory Technician trainee. The effectiveness of this training was analysed and showed that there was strong evidence (P .0.004) that the teaching intervention improves the knowledge of the trainees. On average the level of knowledge improved by approximately 10 points


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoal de Laboratório/educação , Educação Continuada/métodos , Hanseníase/metabolismo , Hanseníase/patologia , Hanseníase Dimorfa/patologia , Terapêutica/métodos , Pesquisa Biomédica/educação , Pessoal de Laboratório/classificação , Educação Continuada , Hanseníase/complicações , Hanseníase/diagnóstico , Índia/etnologia , Hanseníase Dimorfa/metabolismo , Terapêutica , Pesquisa Biomédica/classificação
17.
J Neurosci Res ; 94(12): 1376-1377, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27753171
19.
Health Secur ; 14(4): 214-9, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27400192

RESUMO

The primary goal of biosafety education is to ensure safe practices among workers in biomedical laboratories. Despite several educational workshops by the Pakistan Biological Safety Association (PBSA), compliance with safe practices among laboratory workers remains low. To determine barriers to implementation of recommended biosafety practices among biomedical laboratory workers in Pakistan, we conducted a questionnaire-based survey of participants attending 2 workshops focusing on biosafety practices in Karachi and Lahore in February 2015. Questionnaires were developed by modifying the BARRIERS scale in which respondents are required to rate barriers on a 1-4 scale. Nineteen of the original 29 barriers were included and subcategorized into 4 groups: awareness, material quality, presentation, and workplace barriers. Workshops were attended by 64 participants. Among barriers that were rated as moderate to great barriers by at least 50% of respondents were: lack of time to read biosafety guidelines (workplace subscale), lack of staff authorization to change/improve practice (workplace subscale), no career or self-improvement advantages to the staff for implementing optimal practices (workplace subscale), and unclear practice implications (presentation subscale). A lack of recognition for employees' rights and benefits in the workplace was found to be a predominant reason for a lack of compliance. Based on perceived barriers, substantial improvement in work environment, worker facilitation, and enabling are needed for achieving improved or optimal biosafety practices in Pakistan.


Assuntos
Laboratórios , Pessoal de Laboratório/educação , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Pessoal de Laboratório/organização & administração , Paquistão , Inquéritos e Questionários
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