Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 51.043
Filtrar
2.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: 49596, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1094830

RESUMO

Objetivo: descrever as principais recomendações sobre ações de prevenção de contágio relacionadas à exposição ocupacional dos profissionais de saúde atuantes frente à COVID-19, disponíveis até março de 2020. Conteúdo: A atual pandemia da doença causada pelo novo coronavírus SARS-CoV-2 tem transmissão favorecida pelo contato próximo e desprotegido com secreções ou excreções de pacientes infectados, principalmente por meio de gotículas salivares. Práticas organizacionais de prevenção devem ser previstas antes da chegada do paciente ao serviço de saúde, reduzindo o fluxo de atendimento, no primeiro atendimento e durante as ações assistenciais, para minimizar a exposição ocupacional ao agente biológico. Profissionais de saúde classificados como grupo de risco devem ser afastados de atividades de risco de contaminação. Aqueles contaminados ou adoecidos devem permanecer em quarentena para minimizar a propagação da COVID-19. Considerações finais: os cuidados para prevenção de contaminação de trabalhadores nesta pandemia pelo novo coronavírus devem ser priorizados, evitando impactos negativos na assistência à população que busca atendimento nos serviços de saúde.


Objective: to describe the main recommended actions on prevention actions related to occupational exposure of health professionals working at COVID-19, available until March 2020. Content: The current pandemic disease caused by the new SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus has its transmission favored by close and unprotected contact with secretions or excretions from infected patients, mainly through salivary droplets. Organizational prevention practices should be prioritized, since patient's arrival at the health service, optimizing the flow of care, the first care and during health care actions, to minimize occupational exposure to the biological agent. Health professionals classified as a risk group should be removed from activities at risk of contamination. Those contaminated or adulterated must remain in quarantine to minimize the spread of COVID-19. Final considerations: care to avoid contamination of workers in this pandemic by the new coronavirus must be prioritized, prevented from affecting the assistance to the population that seeks assistance in health services.


Objetivo: describir las principales acciones recomendadas sobre acciones de prevención relacionadas con la exposición ocupacional de los profesionales de la salud que trabajan en COVID-19, disponible hasta marzo de 2020. Contenido: La enfermedad pandémica actual causada por el nuevo coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 tiene su transmisión favorecida por contacto cercano y sin protección con secreciones o excreciones de pacientes infectados, principalmente a través de gotas salivales. Se deben priorizar las prácticas de prevención organizacional, desde la llegada del paciente al servicio de salud, optimizando el flujo de atención, la primera atención y durante las acciones de atención de salud, para minimizar la exposición ocupacional al agente biológico. Los profesionales de la salud clasificados como grupo de riesgo deben ser retirados de las actividades en riesgo de contaminación. Las personas contaminadas o adulteradas deben permanecer en cuarentena para minimizar la propagación de COVID-19. Consideraciones finales: se debe priorizar la atención para evitar la contaminación de los trabajadores en esta pandemia por el nuevo coronavirus, evitando que afecte la asistencia a la población que busca asistencia en los servicios de salud.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral , Riscos Ocupacionais , Fatores de Risco , Saúde do Trabalhador , Pessoal de Saúde , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Mão de Obra em Saúde , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Condições de Trabalho , Enfermagem , Betacoronavirus
3.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: 49923, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1097213

RESUMO

Objetivo: refletir sobre as intervenções/ações de cuidado em saúde mental voltados aos profissionais da saúde que prestam assistência ao paciente suspeito ou diagnosticado com COVID-19. Conteúdo: A pandemia de COVID-19 traz o desafio para profissionais da saúde em lidar com sua própria saúde mental e a dos pacientes. É fundamental conhecer e refletir sobre iniciativas que países apresentam para lidar com a manutenção da saúde mental de profissionais da saúde em tempos de pandemia e que contribuem para repensar o planejamento, execução e avaliação de estratégias a serem utilizadas no Brasil. Considerações finais: foi possível elencar ações em saúde mental que têm se mostrado assertivas no cuidado aos trabalhadores de saúde, atuantes na ponta do cuidado, sobretudo as baseadas no esclarecimento da doença, uso adequado de equipamentos de proteção individual, além do mapeamento daqueles profissionais fragilizados emocionalmente e/ou com sofrimento mental anterior à pandemia, além do suporte emocional oferecido por meio de plataformas digitais.


Objective: to reflect on mental health care interventions/actions aimed at health professionals who provide assistance to patients suspected or diagnosed with COVID-19. Content: The COVID-19 pandemic challenges health professionals to lead with their own and patients' mental health. It is essential to know and to reflect about countries' initiatives to deal with health professional's mental health maintenance in times of pandemic, and to help to re-think strategies planning, execution and evaluation to be used in Brazil. Final considerations: it was possible to list actions in mental health that have shown to be assertive in the care of health workers who are in the front line of caring, especially those based on clarifying the disease, appropriate use of individual protective equipment, in addition to mapping those emotionally weakened professionals and or with mental suffering prior to the pandemic, in addition to the emotional support offered through digital platforms.


Objetivo: reflexionar sobre las intervenciones/acciones de atención de salud mental dirigidas a profesionales de la salud que prestan asistencia a pacientes sospechosos o diagnosticados con COVID-19. Contenido: La pandemia COVID-19 desafía a los profesionales de la salud a hacer frente con la salud mental propia y de los pacientes. Es esencial conocer y reflexionar sobre las iniciativas de los países para enfrentar al mantenimiento de la salud mental de los profesionales de la salud en tiempos de pandemia, y para ayudar a repensar la planificación, ejecución y evaluación de estrategias que se utilizarán en Brasil. Consideraciones finales: fue posible enumerar acciones en salud mental que han demostrado ser asertivas en la atención de los trabajadores de salud que trabajan en la primera línea de atención de la salud, especialmente aquellos basados en la aclaración de la enfermedad, el uso apropiado de equipos de protección individual, además de mapear aquellos profesionales debilitados emocionalmente y / o con sufrimiento mental antes de la pandemia, además del apoyo emocional ofrecido a través de plataformas digitales.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Saúde Mental/normas , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Betacoronavirus , Brasil , Saúde do Trabalhador , Disseminação de Informação , Equipamento de Proteção Individual
4.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47872

RESUMO

O Ministério da Saúde divulgou, nesta quarta-feira (09/09), uma pesquisa com dados sobre a influência da Covid-19 na saúde mental dos profissionais que fazem parte da ação estratégica “O Brasil Conta Comigo”, iniciativa que conta com mais de um milhão de profissionais cadastrados para atuar no combate à doença em todo o país


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia
5.
Rev. esp. med. legal ; 46(3): 146-152, jul.-sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192316

RESUMO

España ha sido uno de los países con mayor afectación por la pandemia COVID-19. Hasta la fecha, un 22% de los casos notificados son personal sanitario, siendo significativamente mayor este porcentaje entre las mujeres (76% del personal sanitario contagiado). Ante la evidencia de que muchos profesionales sanitarios pueden haberse contagiado en su puesto de trabajo, hemos revisado la problemática en el ámbito de la salud laboral que produce la COVID-19. Se describen los decretos publicados por el Gobierno de España y las recomendaciones de la Organización Internacional del Trabajo. Concretamente se analiza la clasificación del SARS-CoV-2 como agente biológico del grupo 3, su calificación como accidente de trabajo o enfermedad profesional y sus repercusiones en las situaciones de incapacidades (temporales y permanentes), secuelas y muerte, así como el estudio de las posibles demandas de aquellos que lo han sufrido como consecuencia de falta de medidas preventivas


Spain is one of the countries most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. To date, 22% of reported cases are healthcare professionals, and 76% of them are women. Given that many healthcare professionals may have been infected in their workplace, we have reviewed the occupational health challenges posed by COVID-19. The Spanish laws and the recommendations of the International Labor Organization are described. The review covers the classification of SARS-CoV-2 as a biological agent in group 3 and of COVID-19 as an occupational accident or disease, its repercussions in temporary and permanent disabilities, sequelae and death, and the possible claims of those who may have developed the disease due to the lack of preventive measures


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Exposição Ocupacional/legislação & jurisprudência , Licença Médica/legislação & jurisprudência , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Precauções Universais/legislação & jurisprudência , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/legislação & jurisprudência , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Med Lav ; 111(4): 269-284, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The eye is an important sensory organ occupationally exposed to ionizing radiation (IR) in healthcare workers (HCWs) engaged in medical imaging (MI). New evidence highlights the possible induction of cataract at IR exposure levels to be much lower than expected in the past. OBJECTIVE: Conduct an updated review on the current evidence on cataract risk in healthcare workers exposed to IR. METHODS: Published scientific studies on cataract risk in IR exposed healthcare workers were collected through a systematic search of two biomedical databases (MEDLINE and Scopus). Data from included studies was extracted and summarized. Study quality was also assessed. RESULTS: All 21 eligible studies reported an increased prevalence of cataract, especially posterior subcapsular cataract, in IR exposed  HCWs with a higher prevalence in interventional cardiology staff. DISCUSSION: Our review synthesizes the latest evidence to support the hypothesis of a significantly increased risk of occupational cataract in healthcare workers operating MI and exposed to IR, especially in interventional cardiologists. Data also support a dose-response relationship between IR exposure and the prevalence of opacities, especially posterior subcapsular opacities. CONCLUSIONS: Findings highlight the need for effective control measures including appropriate training, adherence to protective procedures, and a constant use of shields and eye personal protective equipment in healthcare workers with optical exposure to IR. Periodic health surveillance programs, possibly including lens evaluation, are also important to monitor cataract risk in these MI operators.


Assuntos
Catarata , Cristalino , Exposição Ocupacional , Lesões por Radiação , Radiação Ionizante , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos
9.
Med Lav ; 111(4): 306-320, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A high level of organizational well-being improves employee performance and influences the physical and mental health of healthcare providers and students. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the relationship between the work context, organizational well-being, and the psychophysical health of healthcare providers. METHODS: A multicentre cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on a sample of healthcare providers (physicians and nurses) and healthcare students (medical students and nursing students). A self-report questionnaire was administered between September and November 2016. -Results: Of the 300 questionnaires administered, 201 (67%) were correctly completed. Overall, both the physical and mental health of the healthcare providers and students are explained by the variables of the organizational context: organizational well-being and socio-demographic/work characteristics. In particular, the results show a dependence on gender and age. Furthermore, decision latitude had a positive effect on physical health (b=.134) while job demands had a negative effect (b=-.160) explaining 21% of the PCS of the healthcare providers and students (R2=.209). Mental health improved via the satisfaction (b=.345), and positivity (b=.222) of healthcare professionals and students of these disciplines. DISCUSSION: The results are significant because they directly impact the quality of care provided as well as patient safety.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde , Satisfação no Emprego , Local de Trabalho , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
S Afr Med J ; 110(6): 450-452, 2020 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880548

RESUMO

It is likely that the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic will affect a large part of the world's population and will last for several years. Many critical ethical issues have arisen in the healthcare context. While response from healthcare professionals to participating in the care of patients in the era of COVID-19 has generally been positive, there have also been disturbing experiences on the ground. The practice of medicine is a social contract with humanity. Challenges have arisen because the patient is both a victim and a vector of the coronavirus. All humans should have a natural instinct to care for those in need. Ethically and legally, healthcare professionals cannot be expected to assume a significant and unreasonable risk of harm. While fear is understandable, altruism and interest in serving the sick exemplify the value of solidarity. Social harms like stigmatisation and discrimination can occur. Concerns have been raised regarding protection of privacy and respect for rights of infected individuals. In the era of COVID-19, fear, misinformation and a detachment from one's calling put professionalism strongly to the test.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Pessoal de Saúde/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Altruísmo , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde/ética , Pessoal de Saúde/ética , Humanos , Pandemias/ética , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Profissionalismo
11.
S Afr Med J ; 110(6): 466-468, 2020 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880554

RESUMO

Personal protective equipment (PPE) is key to protecting healthcare workers from COVID-19 infection, but the pandemic has disrupted supply chains globally and necessitated rapid review of the scientific evidence for PPE re-use. In South Africa, where the COVID-19 epidemic is still developing, healthcare facilities have a short window of opportunity to improve PPE supply chains, train staff on prudent PPE use, and devise plans to track and manage the inevitable increases in PPE demand. This article discusses the available PPE preservation strategies and addresses the issue of decontamination and re-use of N95 respirators as a last-resort strategy for critical shortages during the pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pessoal de Saúde , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribução , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Descontaminação/métodos , Instalações de Saúde , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , África do Sul/epidemiologia
12.
Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil ; 18(3): 238-240, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897192

RESUMO

The Coronarovirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) outbreak strongly affected nursing and was responsible for a high mortality rate. During the pandemic of March-May 2020, 17 French nursing homes organized staff confinement periods with residents 24 hours a day and 7 days a week, to reduce the risk of entry of the SARS-CoV-2 virus into their facilities, in a context where visits to residents were prohibited. By means of a telephone survey of their directors, we observed that 16 nursing homes (94%) had no cases of COVID-19 among the residents, and that mortality from COVID-19 was very low compared to that recorded at the national level by Santé publique France (p<10-4). Moreover, the number of cases of Covid-19 among the staff of these nursing homes was also lower than that recorded by Santé publique France (p<10-4). These establishments experienced certain difficulties which the directors managed to overcome and the investment of these teams was widely appreciated by the families of the residents and through the press.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Casas de Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Quarentena , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , França , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos
15.
Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol ; 27(2): 79-85, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32874039

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the psychological impact and mental health outcomes including depression, anxiety, and insomnia during COVID-19 crisis among ophthalmologists. METHODS: This was a simple random study in which ophthalmologists practicing in Saudi Arabia were asked to fill in a self-administered online survey during the period from March 28, 2020, to April 04, 2020. Four validated psychiatric assessment tools were used to detect symptoms of depression, anxiety, insomnia, and stress perception. RESULTS: One hundred and seven participants successfully completed the survey with a response rate of 30.6%. Males constituted 56.1% (n = 60). Ophthalmology residents constituted the majority (n = 66, 61.7%). About half of the physicians exhibited symptoms of depression (n = 56, 50.5%), anxiety (n = 50, 46.7%), and insomnia (n = 48, 44.9%). Symptoms of stress ranged between low (28%), moderate (68.2%), and high (3.7%). According to the cutoff values for severe symptoms, 29% were identified as having depression, 38.3% had anxiety, and 15% had insomnia.Depression was found to be more common among female ophthalmologists (P = 0.06), those living with an elderly (P = 0.003), and fellows (P = 0.006). Female ophthalmologists suffering from anxiety were significantly more than male ophthalmologists (P = 0.046). There was a trend toward suffering from anxiety in frontline health-care providers (P = 0.139) and in ophthalmologists who are living with an elderly (P = 0.149). Female participants exhibited significantly more moderate-to-high symptoms of stress (P = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: Ophthalmologists' psychological needs, females in particular, should be addressed appropriately during the COVID-19 pandemic. Establishing psychological support units, especially for high-risk individuals, should be considered to minimize psychological adverse effects.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Oftalmologistas/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Oftalmologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Bras Nefrol ; 42(2 suppl 1): 9-11, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877491

RESUMO

These recommendations were created after the publication of informative note 3/2020- CGGAP/DESF/SAPS/MS, of April 4, 2020, in which the Brazilian Ministry of Health recommended the use of a cloth mask by the population, in public places. Taking into account the necessary prioritization of the provision of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for patients with suspected or confirmed disease, as well as for healthcare professionals, the SBN is favorable concerning the wear of cloth masks by chronic kidney patients in dialysis, in public settings, except in the dialysis setting. The present recommendations have eleven items, related to this rationale, the procedures, indications, contraindications, as well as appropriate fabrics for the mask, and hygiene care to be adopted. These recommendations may change, at any time, in the light of new evidence.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Máscaras/normas , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/normas , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Diálise Renal , Têxteis , Brasil , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Nefrologia/normas , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Roupa de Proteção/normas , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Sociedades Médicas , Unidade Hospitalar de Urologia/normas
17.
J Bras Nefrol ; 42(2 suppl 1): 12-14, 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877492

RESUMO

Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease are among those individuals at increased risk for developing more serious forms of Covid-19. This increased risk starts in the pre-dialysis phase of the disease. Providing useful information for these patients, in language that facilitates the understanding of the disease, can help nephrologists and other healthcare professionals to establish a more effective communication with these patients and help minimize contagion and the risks of serious illness in this population.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/normas , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Atividades Cotidianas , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Higiene das Mãos/métodos , Higiene das Mãos/normas , Instalações de Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Nefrologia/normas , Espaço Pessoal , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Diálise Renal , Fatores de Risco , Avaliação de Sintomas
18.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 942020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880381

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Covid-19 pandemic is testing the resistance of health systems, the preservation of health professionals is a priority in processes of this type. The professionals' exposure to suspicious contacts often requires their confinement. The objective was to know the epidemiological characteristics of the primary care professionals who required confinement. METHODS: The research was carried out in the North Metropolitan Primary Care Area of Barcelona, from February 17 to May 3, 2020. 1,418 professionals who required confinement due to the epidemic by Covid-19 participated. The reasons for confinement, symptomatology, the confinement time and the results of PCR tests results were recorded. Univariate descriptive analysis was performed. RESULTS: 78.8% of the professionals were women and the mean age was 45.2 years. 67.8% were doctors and nurses, in the remaining 32.2% there were different healthcare and non-care professionals. 64.1% of the sample presented symptoms compatible with Covid-19. Participants described multiple symptoms during confinement. 1,050 diagnostic RT- PCR tests were performed, being positive in 323 cases, of which 33 were in asymptomatic people. CONCLUSIONS: The impact of the epidemic by Covid-19 is anticipated in health personnel compared to the general population. The distribution of symptoms in healthcare professionals is similar to that of other studies in the general population. Of the total number of professionals requiring isolation, 22.7% confirmed the diagnosis.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Quarentena , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Espanha/epidemiologia
19.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(9): 3465-3474, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876270

RESUMO

This work aims to systematize a set of scientific evidence presented in international papers that identify the main problems affecting health professionals directly involved in coping with the COVID-19 pandemic and point out actions and strategies for the protection and healthcare of these professionals. The risk of infection is the main issue and has led to absence from work, illness, death, and intense psychological distress, expressed in generalized anxiety and sleep disorders, fear of becoming ill and infecting colleagues and relatives. In the Brazilian reality, this work revives the analysis of the chronic problems affecting health workers, resulting from the underfinancing of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS), the sector's spending freeze, the deterioration of services and workforce's insecurity, and points out the acute challenges of work management and staff training, given the expanded hospital bed infrastructure and reorganization of the work process in primary care to face the pandemic, emphasizing the necessary measures for the protection and promotion of the physical and mental health of health professionals and workers.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Brasil/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/organização & administração , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
20.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(9): 3445-3458, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876277

RESUMO

An infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the 2019 Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic has unveiled a hitherto hidden reality: the vulnerability of the population living in long-term care facilities for the elderly (LTCF). To date, several scientific publications have revealed a concentration of up to 60% of deaths attributed to COVID-19 in such institutions. Most LTFC residents share the primary risk factors currently associated with increased morbimortality due to the COVID-19 infection. It is crucial to define actions to prevent SARS-CoV-2 spread in this environment, besides the usual measures of social distancing and isolation of the carriers of this disease. This paper proposes strategies for the investigation of this infection in LTCF residents and workers using laboratory tests available in Brazil. The early identification of individuals with SARS-CoV-2, who may actively and continuously spread the virus, allows adopting measures aimed at interrupting the local transmission cycle of this infection.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos/estatística & dados numéricos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Idoso , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Populações Vulneráveis
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA