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1.
Cell ; 183(2): 285-289, 2020 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064981

RESUMO

Tragic events such as pandemics can be remembered as well as foreshadowed by works of art. Paintings by the artists Edvard Munch and John Singer Sargent (1918-19) tell us in real time what it was like to be stricken by the Spanish flu. Paintings by Edward Hopper (1940s and '50s) foretell the lockdown and social distancing of today's COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Influenza Pandêmica, 1918-1919 , Medicina nas Artes , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Pessoas Famosas , História do Século XX , Humanos , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , I Guerra Mundial
2.
Psychiatr Hung ; 35(3): 322-336, 2020.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643621

RESUMO

In the past two decades, there has been a considerable research interest in celebrity worship. According to the general view, celebrity worship can be considered as a continuum, ranging from a healthy enthusiasm to an exces - sive involvement. A considerable proportion of research investigating this phenomenon has focused on the explora - tion of the underlying mechanisms of excessive celebrity worship. In light of this, the primary aim of the present review is to summarize and synthesize the clinical and personality psychological characteristics of the attitudes related to celebrity worship, based on the international literature. In this review, we introduce the definition and assessment of celebrity worship. Following this, we describe the demographical and personality correlates of excessive celebrity wor - ship, and analyze the findings of empirical studies on psychological well-being, cognitive and social functioning. Based upon all this, it can be concluded that excessive celebrity worship is associated with some psychiatric symptoms (e.g., symptoms of depression and anxiety) and a lower level of cognitive (e.g., critical thinking) and social skills (e.g., attachment to peers). In this review, we also elaborate on the possibilities and challenges of future research.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Comportamental , Pessoas Famosas , Personalidade , Atitude , Emoções , Humanos , Grupo Associado
3.
Psychiatr Hung ; 35(3): 373-376, 2020.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643627
5.
Clin Dermatol ; 38(3): 360-364, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32563351

RESUMO

Blemished noses are portrayed in the paintings of such noted artists as Ghirlandaio, Rembrandt, and Andy Warhol. Sometimes, the deformity results from a skin disorder such as rhinophyma as in Ghirlandaio's An Old Man and his Grandson or a saddle nose deformity from congenital syphilis as in Rembrandt's Portrait of Gerard de Lairesse. Andy Warhol's Before and After portrays a large nose before and after cosmetic surgery. This contribution explores some of the lessons that can be learned, both artistically and medically, from these famous works of art.


Assuntos
Pessoas Famosas , Medicina nas Artes , Nariz , Pinturas , Rinofima , Dermatopatias , Cirurgia Plástica , Humanos
6.
J Anesth Hist ; 6(2): 29-34, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593373

RESUMO

In 1758, Benjamin Franklin froze water by means of the evaporation of diethyl ether. Diethyl ether became the coolant in early mechanical refrigerators and ice makers. Refrigeration advances by Carl von Linde and others provide medical oxygen from the air, liquid nitrogen for cryopreservation and cryoablation, xenon for inhaled anesthesia, and liquid helium for supercooling of magnetic resonance image scanners.


Assuntos
Éter/história , Refrigeração/história , Termometria/história , Anestesia/história , Pessoas Famosas , Alemanha , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Estados Unidos
7.
J Anesth Hist ; 6(2): 35-37, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593374

RESUMO

In 1812, Frances (Fanny) Burney (born in 1752 and died in 1840) underwent a mastectomy performed by Larry without anaesthesia. In the days after surgery, Burney wrote a letter to her sister, Esther Burney, describing her experience. In total, the letter is four pages long including information on before, during and after the surgery. Although this letter has been cited in numerous texts, it has yet to be analysed from multiple perspectives, shedding new light on the history of anaesthesia.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/história , Historiografia , Mastectomia/história , Relações Médico-Paciente , Anestesia/história , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Correspondência como Assunto/história , Pessoas Famosas , Feminino , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Literatura Moderna/história , Reino Unido
9.
Med Sci (Paris) ; 36(3): 264-270, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228846

RESUMO

Star Wars, a "general public" film saga, raises questions about human nature and transhumanism. It features different characters who are neither "real" humans nor robots; there are creatures that can be likened to advanced humans (cyborgs, chimeras or genetically-modified humans). Based on the "Star Wars" movie, we will approach some ways of modifying the human person both in his body and in his consciousness and we will wonder about the man of tomorrow by asking ourselves if George Lucas (director of the first film released) might have not been a visionary of the men of tomorrow.


Assuntos
Pessoas Famosas , Obras de Ficção como Assunto , Humanismo , Filmes Cinematográficos , Ciência nas Artes , Animais , California , Meio Ambiente Extraterreno , Melhoramento Genético , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Características Humanas , Humanismo/história , Humanos , Camundongos , Filmes Cinematográficos/história , Filosofia , Ciência nas Artes/história , Pesquisa com Células-Tronco/história
10.
Medisan ; 24(2)mar.-abr. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1098401

RESUMO

Con este artículo se buscó ampliar los datos biográficos del eminente científico cubano Antonio María Béguez César y divulgar aspectos poco conocidos de su prolífica existencia. Para ello se consultaron los archivos personales de la familia Béguez López y el índice de autores y materias del Boletín de la Sociedad Cubana de Pediatría y de la Revista Cubana de Pediatría, donde se consigna su bibliografía activa; además, se analizaron documentos de la época y se consideraron los testimonios de familiares, colegas y amigos del ilustre pediatra santiaguero. El trabajo forma parte del proyecto investigativo "Estrategia para incrementar la visibilidad del hallazgo científico del pediatra Dr. Antonio María Béguez César", que revela al descubridor de la "neutropenia crónica maligna familiar con granulaciones atípicas de los leucocitos", entidad clínica inscrita entre los diez hitos de la inmunología cubana, que ha sido erróneamente divulgada en el mundo científico-médico como síndrome de Chédiak-Higashi.


This work aimed at widen the biographical data of the eminent Cuban scientist Antonio María Béguez César and to spread not very well-known aspects of his prolific existence. The personal files of Béguez López family and the index of authors and matters of the Pediatrics Cuban Society Bulletin and the Pediatrics Cuban Magazine were consulted, where his active bibliography is consigned; also, documents of that time were analyzed and testimonies of family, colleagues and friends of the distinguished pediatrician from Santiago were considered. The work is part of the investigative project "Strategy to increase the visibility of the pediatrician Dr. Antonio María Béguez César scientific finding" that reveals the discoverer of "the family malignant chronic neutropenia with atypical granulations of the leukocytic cells", clinical entity inscribed among the ten landmarks of the Cuban immunology that has been erroneously spread in the scientific-medical world as Chediak-Higashi syndrome.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Chediak-Higashi , Cuba , Pessoas Famosas , Pediatras , História da Medicina
12.
J R Soc Med ; 113(4): 132, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32286122
13.
Rev. neurol. (Ed. impr.) ; 70(7): 264-268, 1 abr., 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193301

RESUMO

El emperador de Roma Marco Ulpio Trajano gobernó el Imperio romano desde el año 98 hasta el 117 d.C., y fue el primer emperador de origen no itálico y el hombre que llevó al Imperio a su máxima extensión geográfica. La muerte de Trajano está rodeada de misterio, dada la polémica adopción de Adriano como su sucesor justo antes del momento de su fallecimiento, así como los rumores de envenenamiento por parte de su mujer, Plotina. Además, a pesar de las escasas fuentes literarias disponibles, se han documentado episodios de «parálisis», «apoplejía», «hidropesía», diarrea y episodios inespecíficos de «enfermedad» relacionados con el empeoramiento de su salud los meses antes de su muerte. Su especial afición al vino y los hábitos de vida relacionados con la personalidad del emperador pudieron estar asociados con su delicado estado de salud durante el último año de su gobierno, si bien no es posible descartar otros procesos patológicos con afectación neurológica asociados a los últimos años de vida del optimus princeps, los cuales pudieron interferir con sus últimas decisiones como gobernante. En este artículo se revisan las fuentes históricas disponibles con el objeto de analizar, desde el punto de vista neurológico, los últimos momentos del emperador con el que Roma alcanzó su máximo esplendor militar


The emperor of Rome, Marco Ulpio Trajano, ruled the Roman Empire from 98 to 117 AD, being the fi rst emperor of non-Italian origin and the man who took the Empire to its maximum geographical extent. Trajan's death is surrounded by mystery, given Adriano's controversial adoption as his successor just before his death, as well as rumors of poisoning by his wife, Plotina. In addition, despite the limited literary sources available, episodes of 'paralysis', 'stroke', 'dropsy', diarrhea and nonspecifi c episodes of 'illness' have been documented, related to the worsening of his health the months before his death. His special love of wine and life habits related to the personality of the emperor, could be associated with his delicate state of health during the last year of his government, although it is not possible to rule out other pathological processes with neurological involvement associated with the last years of life of the optimus princeps, which could interfere with his last decisions as ruler. In this article, the historical sources available are reviewed in order to analyze, from the neurological point of view, the last moments of the emperor with which Rome reached its máximum military splendor


Assuntos
Humanos , História Antiga , Pessoas Famosas , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/história , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/história , Envenenamento/história , Itália
18.
Postgrad Med J ; 96(1138): 502, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32139469
19.
BMJ ; 368: m575, 2020 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188637

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between reporting on suicides, especially deaths of celebrities by suicide, and subsequent suicides in the general population. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: PubMed/Medline, PsychInfo, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, and Google Scholar, searched up to September 2019. REVIEW METHODS: Studies were included if they compared at least one time point before and one time point after media reports on suicide; follow-up was two months or less; the outcome was death by suicide; and the media reports were about non-fictional suicides. Data from studies adopting an interrupted time series design, or single or multiple arm before and after comparisons, were reviewed. RESULTS: 31 studies were identified and analysed, and 20 studies at moderate risk of bias were included in the main analyses. The risk of suicide increased by 13% in the period after the media reported a death of a celebrity by suicide (rate ratio 1.13, 95% confidence interval 1.08 to 1.18; 14 studies; median follow-up 28 days, range 7-60 days). When the suicide method used by the celebrity was reported, there was an associated 30% increase in deaths by the same method (rate ratio 1.30, 95% confidence interval 1.18 to 1.44; 11 studies; median follow-up 28 days, range 14-60 days). For general reporting of suicide, the rate ratio was 1.002 (0.997 to 1.008; five studies; median follow-up 1 day, range 1-8 days) for a one article increase in the number of reports on suicide. Heterogeneity was large and partially explained by celebrity and methodological factors. Enhanced funnel plots suggested some publication bias in the literature. CONCLUSIONS: Reporting of deaths of celebrities by suicide appears to have made a meaningful impact on total suicides in the general population. The effect was larger for increases by the same method as used by the celebrity. General reporting of suicide did not appear to be associated with suicide although associations for certain types of reporting cannot be excluded. The best available intervention at the population level to deal with the harmful effects of media reports is guidelines for responsible reporting. These guidelines should be more widely implemented and promoted, especially when reporting on deaths of celebrities by suicide. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42019086559.


Assuntos
Pessoas Famosas , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Análise de Séries Temporais Interrompida , Viés de Publicação
20.
Nature ; 579(7799): 343, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32184484
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