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In Vivo ; 34(4): 1823-1833, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606152


BACKGROUND/AIM: Picrasma quassioides (P. quassioides) is used in traditional Asian medicine widely for the treatment of anemopyretic cold, eczema, nausea, loss of appetite, diabetes mellitus, hypertension etc. In this study we aimed to understand the effect of P. quassioides ethanol extract on SiHa cervical cancer cell apoptosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The P. quassioides extract-induced apoptosis was analyzed using the MTT assay, fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry and western blotting. RESULTS: P. quassioides extract induced cellular apoptosis by increasing the accumulation of cellular and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and inhibiting ATP synthesis. Pretreatment with N-Acetylcysteine (NAC), a classic antioxidant, decreased the intracellular ROS production and inhibited apoptosis. In addition, the P38 MAPK signaling pathway is a key in the apoptosis of SiHa cells induced by the P. quassioides extract. CONCLUSION: The P. quassioides extract exerts its anti-cancer properties on SiHa cells through ROS-mitochondria axis and P38 MAPK signaling. Our data provide a new insight for P. quassioides as a therapeutic strategy for cervical cancer treatment.

Picrasma , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Apoptose , Feminino , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Picrasma/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética
Bioorg Chem ; 84: 309-318, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30530072


Seven new tirucallane-type triterpenoids (1-7), kumuquassin A-G, along with 20 known analogues (8-27) were isolated from the stems of Picrasma quassioides. The structures and the absolute configurations of new compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic data, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectroscopic analyses and quantum ECD calculations. Notably, kumuquassin A (1) contains a rare Δ17, 20 double bond, kumuquassin B (2) is the first example of tirucallane triterpenoid possessing a 5/3 biheterocyclic ring system at the side chain. All the compounds were screened for the cytotoxicity against two human hepatoma cell lines, HepG2 and Hep3B, and several compounds exhibited promising activity. The most potential compound 3 was selected for cell cycle analysis, which showed that 3 could cause an accumulation of HepG2 cells at subG1 peak. Annexin V-FITC/PI staining further confirmed that compound 3 caused death of hepatoma cells through apoptosis induction.

Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Picrasma/química , Triterpenos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Conformação Molecular , Picrasma/metabolismo , Caules de Planta/química , Caules de Planta/metabolismo , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Triterpenos/farmacologia
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 129: 60-69, 2016 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27399343


Picrasma quassioides (D. Don) Benn. is a traditional Chinese medicine used clinically to treat gastrointestinal disorders and as a vermifuge. 5-Hydroxy-4-methoxycanthin-6-one (CAN), a major canthinone alkaloid found in P. quassioides, has significant pharmacological activities. In the present study, a method using liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry together with multiple data processing techniques, including extracted ion chromatogram, multiple mass defect filter, precursor/product ion scanning and neutral loss scanning was developed to screen and characterize the phase I and II metabolites of CAN in plasma, bile, urine and feces of rats after a single oral dose of 20mg/kg. A total of 17 metabolites were tentatively or conclusively identified. Pathways for the metabolism of CAN have been proposed, and include hydroxylation, N-decarbonylation, methylation, oxidation and sequential conjugation. A previously unknown metabolically active site at the C4-C6 position and a novel N-decarbonylation-oxidation metabolic pathway for the prototypical canthinone alkaloid, CAN, were discovered. Our results provide valuable information about the in vivo metabolism of CAN that can also be used as a comprehensive guide for the biotransformation of other canthinone alkaloids.

Alcaloides/análise , Alcaloides/metabolismo , Carbolinas/análise , Carbolinas/metabolismo , Processamento Eletrônico de Dados/métodos , Metabolômica/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Masculino , Picrasma/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley