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1.
Food Funct ; 11(1): 871-882, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31942589

RESUMO

This research focused on the effects of electron beam irradiation (EBI) on the hydrolysis and antioxidant activity of rice proteins (RPs). The RPs were treated with 0, 5, 10, 20 and 30 kGy doses of EBI. The results showed that EBI pretreatment improved significantly (P < 0.05) the degree of hydrolysis, increasing the DH value by more than 15.09% at a dose of 30 kGy. In addition, radical scavenging results showed that EBI treatment had effects on antioxidant activity and could increase the DPPH and ABTS+ radical scavenging activity of rice protein hydrolysates (RPHs) by 32.06% and 79.11%, respectively (30 kGy). The CAA test also confirmed that EBI pretreatment could effectively improve the ability of RPHs to remove intracellular free radicals. Scanning electron microscopy indicated that EBI treatment destroyed microstructures and resulted in cracks and fragments of RPs. Circular dichroism analysis showed that EBI affected the secondary structure of RPs by destroying the α-helix structure. Changes in the UV visible spectra indicated unfolding of RPs by EBI. Amino acid and molecular weight distribution analysis revealed that EBI pretreatment could increase the ratio of antioxidant-related amino acids and produce smaller peptides. Therefore, EBI pretreatment is an efficient method to promote protein proteolysis due to its effect on the molecular conformation as well as on protein microstructure. Moreover, EBI treatment applied before enzymatic hydrolysis has the potential to prepare hydrolysates with high bioactivity.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Oryza , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Antioxidantes/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Elétrons , Células Hep G2/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Picratos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/efeitos da radiação , Proteólise
2.
Appl Biochem Biotechnol ; 190(2): 391-409, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31363982

RESUMO

Microorganisms that survive in the high salt environment have been shown to be a potential source for metabolites with pharmaceutical importance. In the present study, we have investigated the effect of 5 and 10% (w/v) NaCl on growth, biochemical changes, and metabolite production in seven moderately halophilic bacteria isolated from the salterns/mangrove area of South India. Metabolite production by Bacillus VITPS3 increased by 3.18-fold in the presence of 10% (w/v) NaCl concentration. Total phenolic and flavonoid content increased in Bacillus VITPS5 (11.3-fold) and Planococcus maritimus VITP21 (5.99-fold) whereas ß-carotene content was less at higher NaCl concentrations. VITP21 and VITPS5, in response to NaCl, produced metabolites with higher (6.72- and 4.91-fold) DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activity. UV/visible spectrophotometry of the extracts confirmed the presence of flavonoids, phenolics, and related compounds. 1H-NMR spectra indicated substantial changes in the metabolite production in response to salt concentration. Principal component analysis (PCA) revealed that VITP21 extracts exhibited the highest antioxidant activity compared with other extracts. The present study presents the first report on the comparative analysis of pigment production by moderate halophilic bacteria, in response to the effect of salt and their relation to radical scavenging property.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Bacillus/efeitos dos fármacos , Pigmentos Biológicos/biossíntese , Planococcus (Bactéria)/efeitos dos fármacos , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Bacillus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Bacillus/metabolismo , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Picratos/metabolismo , Planococcus (Bactéria)/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Planococcus (Bactéria)/metabolismo
3.
Chem Biodivers ; 17(1): e1900394, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618522

RESUMO

We aimed in the present study to investigate the chemical composition, the antioxidant capacities as well as the in vitro fermentation properties of Salvia officinalis leaves aqueous extract (SOLAE) grown in four regions of northwestern Tunisia. Our data firstly indicated a spatial variation (P<0.05) in condensed tannins, total lipids, polyphenols and flavonoids contents. The HPLC-PDA-ESI-MS/MS-LC/HR-ESI-MS technique allowed to the identification of 13 phenolic compounds and showed that protocatechuic acid is the major constituent of the plant leaves grown in Tabarka, Ain Draham and Testour. The SOLAE of the plant grown in Tabarka presents the most potent scavenging activity against DPPH radical and had the highest percentage of inhibition. More importantly, we found in the present study that the digestibility of dry matter and in vitro fermentation showed a significant variation between the regions and the animal species. Also, we showed a very positive correlation between antioxidant properties and phenolic compounds contents. In conclusion, we suggest that SOLAE had potential beneficial effects owing in part to its antioxidant and ROS scavenging activities. Therefore, S. officinalis can be proposed as an additive food for animals' nutrition and health.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/antagonistas & inibidores , Fermentação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Picratos/antagonistas & inibidores , Salvia officinalis/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Cabras , Hidroxibenzoatos/análise , Hidroxibenzoatos/metabolismo , Hidroxibenzoatos/farmacologia , Espectrometria de Massas , Fenol/análise , Fenol/metabolismo , Fenol/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/metabolismo , Picratos/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Salvia officinalis/química , Salvia officinalis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovinos , Tunísia
4.
J Appl Microbiol ; 128(3): 853-861, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733170

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the in vitro antioxidant activity of yeast strains isolated from virgin olive oil. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) free-radical scavenging activity of single cultures of 24 yeast strains belonging to eight species isolated from virgin olive oil was evaluated and compared with that of the reference yeast Saccharomyces boulardii. All the yeasts studied in vitro showed antioxidant activity similar to or superior to that of the reference yeast. The highest antioxidant activity was observed in Nakazawaea wickerhamii, which exceeded the value reached by the reference strain S. boulardii, while the significantly lowest values were observed in the Candida adriatica, Candida diddensiae and Barnettozyma californica strains. Tests performed with virgin olive oil enriched with Wickerhamomyces anomalus and S. boulardii yeast biomasses showed a positive correlation between the microbial biomass used and the percentage of antioxidant activity observed during 60 days of storage. Survival in virgin olive oil was also significantly higher for W. anomalus compared to S. boulardii. CONCLUSIONS: All the oil-borne yeasts studied showed DPPH free-radical scavenging activity in both aqueous and oily media. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: For the first time, the antioxidant activity of the microbiota of virgin olive oil is reported. This activity may indicate the probiotic characteristics of the microbiota.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Azeite de Oliva , Saccharomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Saccharomycetales/metabolismo , Biomassa , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Microbiota , Picratos/metabolismo , Probióticos , Saccharomycetales/classificação , Saccharomycetales/crescimento & desenvolvimento
5.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 34(2): e4734, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692001

RESUMO

Laportea bulbifera, named Hong He Ma in Chinese, is a Chinese herbal medicine commonly used by the Miao nationality of China. In this study, 43 batches of L. bulbifera were collected from different origins in China. Ethanol, ethyl acetate and petroleum ether were used to prepare different extracts of the plant. UHPLC technique was used to establish the fingerprints, whereas DPPH assay and RAW264.7 inflammatory cell models were used to evaluate the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, respectively. Moreover, the spectrum-effect relationship between relative peak area of common peaks and efficacy value was set up by multivariate statistical analysis. Furthermore, 10 batches were selected randomly for validation of those models. The results showed that ethyl acetate and petroleum ether extracts possess excellent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, respectively. Peaks A6 and A7 demonstrated the greatest antioxidant activity, while peak A17 showed the strongest anti-inflammatory activity. After a verified experiment, the result was obtained and illustrated that the spectrum-effect relationship which we established could reliably infer antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds of the Chinese herbal medicine.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios , Antioxidantes , Extratos Vegetais , Urticaceae/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Camundongos , Análise Multivariada , Picratos/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
6.
Eur J Med Chem ; 182: 111596, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419776

RESUMO

Facing the complexity of Alzheimer's disease (AD), it is now currently admitted that a therapeutic pleiotropic intervention is needed to alter its progression. Among the major hallmarks of the disease, the amyloid pathology and the oxidative stress are closely related. We propose in this study to develop original Multi-Target Directed Ligands (MTDL) able to impact at the same time Aß protein accumulation and toxicity of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) in neuronal cells. Such MTDL were obtained by linking on a central piperidine two scaffolds of interest: a typical aminochlorobenzophenone present in numerous 5-HT4R agonists, and diverse antioxidant chemotypes. Interestingly, the most active compound 9g possesses a Ki of 12.7 nM towards 5-HT4R and an antioxidant activity in vitro and in cellulo.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Receptores 5-HT4 de Serotonina/metabolismo , Agonistas do Receptor 5-HT4 de Serotonina/farmacologia , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/síntese química , Antioxidantes/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/antagonistas & inibidores , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Células COS , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Chlorocebus aethiops , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Ligantes , Estrutura Molecular , Picratos/antagonistas & inibidores , Picratos/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/análise , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Agonistas do Receptor 5-HT4 de Serotonina/síntese química , Agonistas do Receptor 5-HT4 de Serotonina/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
7.
Eur J Med Chem ; 179: 515-526, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276896

RESUMO

Nineteen organoselenides were synthesized and tested for their intrinsic cytotoxicity in hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) and breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) cell lines and their corresponding selective cytotoxicity (SI) was estimated using normal lung fibroblast (WI-38) cells. Most of the organic selenides exhibited good anticancer activity, and this was more pronounced in HepG2 cells. Interestingly, the naphthoquinone- (5), thiazol- (12), and the azo-based (13) organic selenides demonstrated promising SI (up to 76). Furthermore, the amine 4c, naphthoquinone 5, and azo-based 13 and 15 organic selenides were able to down-regulate the expression of Bcl-2 and up-regulate the expression levels of IL-2, IL-6 and CD40 in HepG2 cells compared to untreated cells. Moreover, most of the synthesized candidates manifested good free radical-scavenging and GPx-like activities comparable to vitamin C and ebselen. The obtained results suggested that some of the presented organoselenium candidates have promising anti-HepG2 and antioxidant activities.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Organosselênicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antioxidantes/síntese química , Antioxidantes/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/antagonistas & inibidores , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Células MCF-7 , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organosselênicos/síntese química , Compostos Organosselênicos/química , Picratos/antagonistas & inibidores , Picratos/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
8.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 33(11): e4635, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257616

RESUMO

Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr. is traditionally used as a raw material for making dumplings or steamed stuffed buns, and its fresh leaves are boiled with water for tea. Herein, we established an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) combined with characteristic ion filtration (CIF) strategy to rapidly screen active ingredients with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties in G. procumbens. This strategy involved screening the active part of G. procumbens using antioxidation and anti-inflammatory activity assays; discovering the active compounds by speculating on the active site's chemical composition by UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS plus CIF; and verifying the active compounds' activities. The ethyl acetate extract (EEAF) of G. procumbens was the major active site. Eighty-one compounds were identified from the EEAF using UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS plus CIF. Furthermore, polyphenols such as cynarine, isochlorogenic acids A and isochlorogenic acids C have excellent antioxidizing and anti-inflammatory activities. This study provides a practical strategy for rapid in vitro screening of the antioxidizing and anti-inflammatory activities of traditional vegetables and herbs and identification of active ingredients.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Asteraceae/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/análise , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Picratos/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Células RAW 264.7
9.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 33(10): e4624, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215046

RESUMO

Cimicifugae Rhizoma (sheng ma) is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine, which has been demonstrated to possess anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic activities. In the present study, a simple and efficient HPLC-DAD (high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection) method was developed and validated for simultaneous quantification of 19 chemical components (including 16 phenolic acids, one coumarin and two alkaloids) in Cimicifugae Rhizoma. The result indicated that this method could effectively evaluate the quality of Cimicifugae Rhizoma and provide a valuable reference for further study. Additionally, the antioxidant activity of Cimicifugae Rhizoma was evaluated by DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging assay. The results showed that the content of phenolic acids and antioxidant activity exhibited significant correlation coefficients.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Cimicifuga/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Alcaloides/análise , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Cumarínicos/análise , Cumarínicos/isolamento & purificação , Cumarínicos/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Radicais Livres/análise , Radicais Livres/isolamento & purificação , Radicais Livres/metabolismo , Hidroxibenzoatos/análise , Hidroxibenzoatos/isolamento & purificação , Hidroxibenzoatos/metabolismo , Limite de Detecção , Modelos Lineares , Picratos/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
10.
Int J Biol Sci ; 15(5): 1052-1071, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182925

RESUMO

In pursuit of a novel approach in colon cancer therapy, we explored the ability of ruthenium baicalein complex to eradicate colon cancer by efficiently targeting various apoptotic pathways on human colon cancer cell line and on a DMH and DSS induced murine model of colorectal cancer. In this study, we provide direct proof of the chemotherapeutic potential of the ruthenium baicalein complex by activating p-53 dependent intrinsic apoptosis and modulating the AKT/mTOR and WNT/ß- catenin pathways. The ruthenium baicalein complex was synthesized and its characterizations were accomplished through various spectroscopic techniques followed by assessment of antioxidant potential by DPPH, FRAP, and ABTS methods. In vitro study established that the complex increased p53 and caspase-3 expressions while down regulating VEGF and mTOR expression, induced apoptosis, and DNA fragmentation in the HT-29 cells. Acute and sub-acute toxicity study was also considered and results from in vivo study revealed that complex was effective in suppressing ACF multiplicity and hyperplastic lesions and also raised the CAT, SOD, and glutathione levels. Furthermore, the complex decreased cell proliferation and increased apoptotic events in tumor cells correlated with the upregulation of Bax and downregulation of Bcl2, WNT and ß- catenin expressions. Our findings from the in vitro and in vivo study provide robust confirmation that ruthenium baicalein complex possesses a potential chemotherapeutic activity against colon cancer and is competent in reducing ACF multiplicity, hyperplastic lesions in the colon tissues of rats by inducing apoptosis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Flavanonas/química , Rutênio/química , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Células HT29 , Humanos , Masculino , Picratos/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo
11.
Molecules ; 24(10)2019 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31137531

RESUMO

Alnus sibirica (AS) is geographically distributed in Korea, Japan, Northeast China, and Russia. Various anti-oxidant, anti-inflammation, anti-atopic dermatitis and anti-cancer biological effects of AS have been reported. Enzymatic hydrolysis decomposes the sugar bond attached to glycoside into aglycone which, generally, has a superior biological activity, compared to glycoside. Enzymatic hydrolysis of the extract (EAS) from AS was processed and the isolated compounds were investigated-hirsutanonol (1), hirsutenone (2), rubranol (3), and muricarpon B (4). The structures of these compounds were elucidated, and the biological activities were assessed. The ability of EAS and the compounds (1-4) to scavenge 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals and Nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) superoxide, and to inhibit NO production was evaluated in vitro. EAS showed more potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity than AS. All investigated compounds showed excellent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities.


Assuntos
Alnus/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Diarileptanoides/isolamento & purificação , Etanol/química , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Nitroazul de Tetrazólio/metabolismo , Picratos/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Superóxidos/metabolismo , Animais , Hidrólise , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Camundongos , Células RAW 264.7
12.
IET Nanobiotechnol ; 13(2): 134-143, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31051443

RESUMO

This work explores the rapid synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) from Musa paradisiaca (M. paradisiaca) bract extract. The bio-reduction of Ag+ ion was recorded using ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy by a surface plasmon resonance extinction peak with an absorbance at 420 nm. The phytoconstituents responsible for the reduction of AgNPs was probed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The X-ray diffraction pattern confirmed the formation of crystalline AgNPs that were analogous to selected area electron diffraction patterns. Morphological studies showed that the obtained AgNPs were monodispersed with an average size of 15 nm. The biologically synthesised AgNPs showed higher obstruction against tested phytopathogens. The synthesised AgNPs exhibited higher inhibitory zone against fungal pathogen Alternaria alternata and bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae. Free radical scavenging potential of AgNPs was investigated using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydroxyl and 2,2-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline)-6-sulphonic acid assays which revealed that the synthesised AgNPs act as a potent radical scavenger. The catalytic efficiency of the synthesised AgNPs was investigated for azo dyes, methyl orange (MO), methylene blue (MB) and reduction of o-nitrophenol to o-aminophenol. The results portrayed that AgNPs act as an effective nanocatalyst to degrade MO to hydrazine derivatives, MB to leucomethylene blue, and o-nitro phenol to o-amino phenol.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Musa/química , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Prata/química , Anti-Infecciosos/metabolismo , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Compostos Azo/análise , Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Bifenilo/análise , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/metabolismo , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Picratos/análise , Picratos/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Prata/metabolismo
13.
IET Nanobiotechnol ; 13(2): 214-218, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31051453

RESUMO

Selenium (Se) is a rare and essential element for the human body and other living organisms because of its role in the structure of several proteins and having anti-oxidant properties to reduce oxidative stress at cells. Some microorganisms can absorb Se oxyanions and convert them into zero-valent Se (Se0) in the nanoscale dimensions, which can be used for producing Se nanoparticles (SeNPs). In the present study, SeNPs were intracellularly biosynthesised by yeast Nematospora coryli, which is an inexpensive method and does not involve using materials hazardous for human and environment. The produced NPs were refined by a two-phase system and then characterised and identified by ultraviolet-visible, X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, transmission electron microscope, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analyses. The structural analysis of biosynthesised SeNPs showed spherical-shaped NPs with size ranging from 50 to 250 nm. Also, extracted NPs were applied to explore their anti-candida and anti-oxidant activities. The results of this investigation confirm the biological properties of Se.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/química , Saccharomycetales/metabolismo , Selênio/metabolismo , Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/análise , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Tamanho da Partícula , Picratos/análise , Picratos/metabolismo , Saccharomycetales/química , Selênio/química
14.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 219: 358-366, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31055242

RESUMO

Caffeic acid (CA) is a plant metabolite acting as a carcinogenic inhibitor, and exhibits a high antioxidant effect and some antimicrobial activity. Besides, this compound can be useful in the prevention of heart diseases and atherosclerosis, among others. The present study aims to determine the in vitro antioxidant activity of CA in order to increase the frequency of its use and reliability in the prevention of damage caused by free radicals and other reactive species. The tests performed were as follows: Radical anion superoxide capture; crocin bleaching assay; capturing ability of hypochlorous acid; H2O2 capture; capturing capacity of the ABTS•+/DPPH•; and SOD-like activity. The values of the CA antioxidant activity were very close to the values of standards in all tests. Besides, CA presented an antioxidant activity greater than that of ascorbic acid and trolox, and its advantages include higher stability than ascorbic acid and extraction from natural sources, as opposed to trolox.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Ácidos Cafeicos/farmacologia , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Benzotiazóis/metabolismo , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Cromanos/farmacologia , Radicais Livres/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Ácido Hipocloroso/metabolismo , Picratos/metabolismo , Ácidos Sulfônicos/metabolismo , Superóxidos/metabolismo
15.
J Food Sci ; 84(6): 1340-1345, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31112293

RESUMO

Barley sprouts and wheat sprouts have received much interest as functional foods in many countries. In this study, the effects of heat processing and extraction temperature on the bioactive components and antioxidative properties were examined in barley and wheat sprout teas. Both barley and wheat sprout teas were processed with two different methods (steaming or pan-roasting). Crude protein was increased, and moisture content was the lowest, in the roasted barley and wheat sprout teas. Total phenolics content and flavonoid contents were significantly higher in the roasted teas than in the steamed teas. Vitamin C content was the highest after an extraction temperature of 55 °C (24.05 mg/mL) in the roasted wheat sprout tea. Both roasted barley and wheat sprout teas exhibited the most antioxidative effects in vitro, demonstrated by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging and nitrite-scavenging activities. Therefore, the roasting method can be considered an appropriate technique for the production of barley and wheat sprout teas. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Barley and wheat sprouts have received much attention in recent years as functional food materials in many countries and can be consumed as a form of tea. Heat processing methods such as steaming and roasting were applied and compared to increase the bioactive components and antioxidative activity in barley and wheat sprout teas. We found that roasting showed higher bioactive components and antioxidative activity than steaming in both barley and wheat sprout teas. In addition, wheat sprouts tea showed better bioactive components and antioxidative activity compared with the barley sprout tea.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Bebidas/análise , Hordeum/química , Temperatura Alta , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Plântula/química , Triticum/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Ácido Ascórbico/análise , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Culinária , Flavonoides/análise , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Humanos , Fenóis/análise , Fenóis/farmacologia , Picratos/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Chá
16.
J Food Sci ; 84(5): 990-1001, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30945309

RESUMO

Red chicory leaves are appreciated sensorially and their constituents contain bioactive properties. The objectives of this study were as follows: to use an experimental design to extract anthocyanins from red chicory in aqueous solution at pH 2.5; to determine the stability of the extracts in relation to temperature and pH; and to evaluate the antioxidant activity and in vitro cytotoxic effect of the lyophilized and purified extracts. The best extraction conditions for the bioactive compounds from red chicory were a temperature of 64.2 °C for 25 min; the anthocyanin content was 73.53 ± 0.13 mg per 100 g fresh weight basis sample. The EC50 (Half maximal effective concentration) value for the antioxidant activity assay in relation to DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) with optimized extract was 0.363, which corresponds to a concentration of 39.171 µmol/L of anthocyanins. The activation energy for the degradation reaction of the anthocyanins from the red chicory extract was 84.88 kJ/mol. The optimized extract, which was rich in anthocyanins, showed chemical and biological antioxidant activity (protection against erythrocyte hemolysis) and inhibited lipid peroxidation in vitro. The Cichorium intybus L. extracts interfered on the levels of reactive oxygen species generation and the crude extract did not present procarcinogenic effect. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Red chicory is basically consumed as a part of traditional dishes worldwide. Here, we developed a process to extract and purify the anthocyanins from Cichorium intybus leaves and test the extracts in terms of the chemical composition, thermal stability, antioxidant activity, and antiproliferative effects. The anthocyanin-rich extract presented antioxidant activity in chemical and biological assays and low cytotoxicity and cytoprotective effects in relation to HepG2, HCT8, and Caco-2 cell lines. Additionally, the red chicory extract protected human erythrocytes against hemolysis. This extract may be used as a natural colorant/antioxidant in foods.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Chicória/química , Aditivos Alimentares/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Antocianinas/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Células CACO-2 , Carcinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Eritrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Aditivos Alimentares/isolamento & purificação , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Picratos/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química
17.
Microb Pathog ; 130: 253-258, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30910722

RESUMO

The present experiment evaluated how coronatine (COR) elicitation affects chemical and biological properties of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) seed essential oil (CSEO). Following isolation of the EO, its chemical composition was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry; also, its bioactivities in terms of antimicrobial/antifungal, cytotoxic (measured by MTT assay) and antioxidant effects (evaluated by DPPH, ß-carotene bleaching (BCB) and TBARS methods) were evaluated. COR-elicitation significantly increased CSEO yield and the level of its chemical components, especially cumin aldehyde which is the main component of CSEO. Results showed that COR-elicitation significantly reduced the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of CSEO against 4 Gram-positive and 3 Gram-negative bacteria and 2 fungi. Moreover, elicitation markedly enhanced the antioxidant and in vitro cytotoxic activity of CSEO. Therefore, COR may be regarded as a useful biotic elicitor for improving EO chemical and biological properties.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Cuminum/efeitos dos fármacos , Indenos/metabolismo , Óleos Voláteis/química , Sementes/efeitos dos fármacos , Anti-Infecciosos/análise , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/análise , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Picratos/metabolismo , beta Caroteno/metabolismo
18.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 849: 135-145, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30731086

RESUMO

Identification of pharmacologically potent antioxidant compounds for their use in preventive medicine is thrust area of current research. This study was undertaken with the aim of determining the protective role of syringic acid (SA) on isoproterenol (ISO) induced myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. SA was orally given to rats for 21 days at three different concentrations (12.5, 25 and 50 mg/kg). At 20th and 21st day, rats were subcutaneously injected with ISO and at the end of experimental period, rats were killed. ISO induced myocardial damage was averted by pre-co-treatment of SA, as decrease was found in serum level of marker enzymes (CKMB, LDH, AST, ALT), lipid peroxidation, protein carbonyl (PC) and proinflammatory cytokines (TNFα, IL 6). Furthermore, content of glutathione (GSH) and activities of antioxidant enzymes in heart tissue were significantly raised. Improvement in infarct size and erythrocyte (RBCs) morphology was also observed. The biochemical findings were supported by histopathological outcome and protective effect of SA was found to be dose dependent. The results of our study demonstrated that the cardioprotective potential of SA in rat model of ISO induced MI might be due to anti-lipid peroxidative and endogenous antioxidant system enhancement effects.


Assuntos
Cardiotoxicidade/etiologia , Cardiotoxicidade/prevenção & controle , Citoproteção/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Gálico/análogos & derivados , Isoproterenol/toxicidade , Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Animais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Cardiotoxicidade/metabolismo , Cardiotoxicidade/patologia , Eritrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Eritrócitos/patologia , Fibrose , Ácido Gálico/farmacologia , Glutationa/metabolismo , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Picratos/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
19.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 30, 2019 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30691451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure of skin to urban air pollutants is closely related to skin aging and inflammatory responses such as wrinkles formation, pigmentation spot, atopic dermatitis, and acne. Thus, a great deal of interest has been focused on the development of natural resources that can provide a protective effect to skin from pollutants. METHODS: The antioxidative activity of Camellia japonica flower extract (CJFE) was evaluated by 1,2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS) assay, and the inhibitory effect of CJFE by urban air pollutants-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was determined in cultured normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs). We additionally investigated the protective effects of CJFE against urban air pollutant using in vitro and ex vivo model. RESULTS: CJFE with high phenolic concentration showed antioxidative activity on scavenging capacity of 1,2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals and 2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS) radical cation in a concentration dependent manner. CJFE inhibited urban air pollutants-induced ROS generation, matrixmetalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) production and a xenobiotic response element (XRE)-luciferase activity indicating the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) transactivation. In addition, CJFE showed an excellent protective activity against pollutants-induced deteriorating effect in ex vivo model. CJFE reduced the level of pollutants-induced malondialdehyde (MDA), lipid peroxidation marker, inhibited MMP-1 expression and increased collagen synthesis. It also reduced the cell numbers with pyknotic nuclei (mainly occurring in apoptosis) and detachment of dermo-epidermal junction (DEJ) induced by pollutants. CONCLUSIONS: Apparently, it is proposed that CJFE can be used as a protective material against pollutant-induced skin damages.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Camellia/química , Flores/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Benzotiazóis/metabolismo , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Oxirredução/efeitos dos fármacos , Picratos/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ácidos Sulfônicos/metabolismo
20.
Prep Biochem Biotechnol ; 49(1): 82-87, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30621495

RESUMO

We investigated the effect of Agrobacterium rhizogenes-mediated transformation on antioxidant activity of Artemisia vulgaris "hairy" roots. It appeared that transformation may increase flavonoid content as well as DPPH-scavenging activity and ability to reduce Fe3+ as compared to the non-transformed plants. Some "hairy" roots accumulated flavonoids up to 73.1 ± 10.6 mg RE/g DW (while the amount of flavonoids in the leaves of non-transformed plants was up to 49.4 ± 5.0 mg RE/g DW). DPPH-scavenging activity of some "hairy" root lines was 3-3.8 times higher than such one of the roots of the control plants. The Fe3+-reducing power of most transgenic root extracts exceeded such power of the extracts of the roots of the control plants. The decrease in SOD activity was found in the most "hairy" root lines compared to the control roots. The increase of flavonoid content correlated with the increase of ability of extracts to scavenge DPPH*- radical and Fe3+ - reducing power. No correlation between SOD activity of extracts and concentration of flavonoids was found (p ≥ 0.2).Thus, transformation has led to the alteration in flavonoid accumulation and antioxidant activity in A. vulgaris "hairy" roots. Transgenic roots with high-antioxidant properties can be selected after A. rhizogenes-mediated transformation.


Assuntos
Agrobacterium/fisiologia , Antioxidantes/química , Artemisia/química , Flavonoides/análise , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/metabolismo , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Picratos/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Transformação Genética/fisiologia
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