Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.580
Filtrar
1.
N Engl J Med ; 384(12): 1101-1112, 2021 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33761207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The oral Janus kinase 1 (JAK1) inhibitor abrocitinib, which reduces interleukin-4 and interleukin-13 signaling, is being investigated for the treatment of atopic dermatitis. Data from trials comparing JAK1 inhibitors with monoclonal antibodies, such as dupilumab, that block interleukin-4 receptors are limited. METHODS: In a phase 3, double-blind trial, we randomly assigned patients with atopic dermatitis that was unresponsive to topical agents or that warranted systemic therapy (in a 2:2:2:1 ratio) to receive 200 mg or 100 mg of abrocitinib orally once daily, 300 mg of dupilumab subcutaneously every other week (after a loading dose of 600 mg), or placebo; all the patients received topical therapy. The primary end points were an Investigator's Global Assessment (IGA) response (defined as a score of 0 [clear] or 1 [almost clear] on the IGA [scores range from 0 to 4], with an improvement of ≥2 points from baseline) and an Eczema Area and Severity Index-75 (EASI-75) response (defined as ≥75% improvement from baseline in the score on the EASI [scores range from 0 to 72]) at week 12. The key secondary end points were itch response (defined as an improvement of ≥4 points in the score on the Peak Pruritus Numerical Rating Scale [scores range from 0 to 10]) at week 2 and IGA and EASI-75 responses at week 16. RESULTS: A total of 838 patients underwent randomization; 226 patients were assigned to the 200-mg abrocitinib group, 238 to the 100-mg abrocitinib group, 243 to the dupilumab group, and 131 to the placebo group. An IGA response at week 12 was observed in 48.4% of patients in the 200-mg abrocitinib group, 36.6% in the 100-mg abrocitinib group, 36.5% in the dupilumab group, and 14.0% in the placebo group (P<0.001 for both abrocitinib doses vs. placebo); an EASI-75 response at week 12 was observed in 70.3%, 58.7%, 58.1%, and 27.1%, respectively (P<0.001 for both abrocitinib doses vs. placebo). The 200-mg dose, but not the 100-mg dose, of abrocitinib was superior to dupilumab with respect to itch response at week 2. Neither abrocitinib dose differed significantly from dupilumab with respect to most other key secondary end-point comparisons at week 16. Nausea occurred in 11.1% of the patients in the 200-mg abrocitinib group and 4.2% of those in the 100-mg abrocitinib group, and acne occurred in 6.6% and 2.9%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this trial, abrocitinib at a dose of either 200 mg or 100 mg once daily resulted in significantly greater reductions in signs and symptoms of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis than placebo at weeks 12 and 16. The 200-mg dose, but not the 100-mg dose, of abrocitinib was superior to dupilumab with respect to itch response at week 2. Neither abrocitinib dose differed significantly from dupilumab with respect to most other key secondary end-point comparisons at week 16. (Funded by Pfizer; JADE COMPARE ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03720470.).


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina A/sangue , Injeções Subcutâneas , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-4/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Masculino , Placebos/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Prurido/tratamento farmacológico , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sulfonamidas/efeitos adversos
2.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 3: CD007961, 2021 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33719075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This is a updated version of our Cochrane Review published in Issue 6, 2012. Sexually-transmitted infections (STIs) continue to rise worldwide, imposing an enormous morbidity and mortality burden. Effective prevention strategies, including microbicides, are needed to achieve the goals of the World Heath Organization (WHO) global strategy for the prevention and control of these infections. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of topical microbicides for preventing acquisition of STIs, including HIV. SEARCH METHODS: We undertook a comprehensive search of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, LILACS, CLIB, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov, WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and reference lists of relevant articles up to August 2020. In addition, we contacted relevant organisations and experts. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials of vaginal microbicides compared to placebo (except for nonoxynol-9 because it is covered in related Cochrane Reviews). Eligible participants were sexually-active non-pregnant, WSM and MSM, who had no laboratory confirmed STIs. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently screened and selected studies, extracted data, and assessed risks of bias in duplicate, resolving differences by consensus. We conducted a fixed-effect meta-analysis, stratified by type of microbicide, and assessed the certainty of the evidence using the GRADE approach. MAIN RESULTS: We included eight trials from the earlier version of the review and four new trials, i.e. a total of 12 trials with 32,464 participants (all WSM). We did not find any eligible study that enrolled MSM or reported fungal STI as an outcome. We have no study awaiting assessment. All 12 trials were conducted in sub-Saharan Africa, with one having a study site in the USA, and another having a site in India. Vaginal microbicides tested were BufferGel and PRO 2000 (1 trial, 3101 women), Carraguard (1 trial, 6202 women), cellulose sulphate (2 trials, 3069 women), dapivirine (2 trials, 4588 women), PRO 2000 (1 trial, 9385 women), C31G (SAVVY) (2 trials, 4295 women), and tenofovir (3 trials, 4958 women). All microbicides were compared to placebo and all trials had low risk of bias. Dapivirine probably reduces the risk of acquiring HIV infection: risk ratio (RR) 0.71, (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.57 to 0.89, I2 = 0%, 2 trials, 4588 women; moderate-certainty evidence). The other microbicides may result in little to no difference in the risk of acquiring HIV (low-certainty evidence); including tenofovir (RR 0.83, 95% CI 0.68 to 1.02, cellulose sulphate (RR 1.20, 95% CI 0.74 to 1.95, BufferGel (RR 1.05, 95% CI 0.73 to 1.52), Carraguard (RR 0.89, 95% CI 0.71 to 1.11), PRO 2000 (RR 0.93, 95% CI 0.77 to 1.14), and SAVVY (RR 1.38, 95% CI 0.79 to 2.41). Existing evidence suggests that cellulose sulphate (RR 0.99, 95% CI 0.37 to 2.62, 1 trial, 1425 women), and PRO 2000 (RR 0.95, 95% CI 0.73 to 1.23) may result in little to no difference in the risk of getting herpes simplex virus type 2 infection (low-certainty evidence). Two studies reported data on tenofovir's effect on this virus. One suggested that tenofovir may reduce the risk (RR 0.55, 95% CI 0.36 to 0.82; 224 participants) while the other did not find evidence of an effect (RR 0.94, 95% CI 0.85 to 1.03; 1003 participants). We have not reported the pooled result because of substantial heterogeneity of effect between the two studies (l2 = 85%). The evidence also suggests that dapivirine (RR 1.70, 95% CI 0.63 to 4.59), tenofovir (RR 1.27, 95% CI 0.58 to 2.78), cellulose sulphate (RR 0.69, 95% CI 0.26 to 1.81), and (Carraguard (RR 1.07, 95% CI 0.75 to 1.52) may have little or no effect on the risk of acquiring syphilis (low-certainty evidence). In addition, dapivirine (RR 0.97, 95% CI 0.89 to 1.07), tenofovir (RR 0.90, 95% CI 0.71 to 1.13), cellulose sulphate (RR 0.70, 95% CI 0.49 to 0.99), BufferGel (RR 0.97, 95% CI 0.65 to 1.45), Carraguard (RR 0.96, 95% CI 0.83 to 1.12), and PRO 2000 (RR 1.01, 95% CI 0.84 to 1.22) may result in little to no difference in the risk of acquiring chlamydia infection (low-certainty evidence). The evidence also suggests that current topical microbicides may not have an effect on the risk of acquiring gonorrhoea, condyloma acuminatum, trichomoniasis, or human papillomavirus infection (low-certainty evidence). Microbicide use in the 12 trials, compared to placebo, did not lead to any difference in adverse event rates. No study reported on acceptability of the intervention.  AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Current evidence shows that vaginal dapivirine microbicide probably reduces HIV acquisition in women who have sex with men. Other types of vaginal microbicides have not shown evidence of an effect on acquisition of STIs, including HIV. Further research should continue on the development and testing of new microbicides.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais/administração & dosagem , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Resinas Acrílicas/administração & dosagem , Adenina/administração & dosagem , Adenina/análogos & derivados , Administração Intravaginal , Agaricales/química , Fármacos Anti-HIV/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Anti-HIV/efeitos adversos , Viés , Celulose/administração & dosagem , Celulose/efeitos adversos , Celulose/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Naftalenossulfonatos/administração & dosagem , Placebos/administração & dosagem , Polímeros/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Alga Marinha/química , Tenofovir/administração & dosagem , Tenofovir/efeitos adversos
3.
N Engl J Med ; 384(10): 915-923, 2021 03 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Type 1 spinal muscular atrophy is a rare, progressive neuromuscular disease that is caused by low levels of functional survival of motor neuron (SMN) protein. Risdiplam is an orally administered, small molecule that modifies SMN2 pre-messenger RNA splicing and increases levels of functional SMN protein. METHODS: We report the results of part 1 of a two-part, phase 2-3, open-label study of risdiplam in infants 1 to 7 months of age who had type 1 spinal muscular atrophy, which is characterized by the infant not attaining the ability to sit without support. Primary outcomes were safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics (including the blood SMN protein concentration), and the selection of the risdiplam dose for part 2 of the study. Exploratory outcomes included the ability to sit without support for at least 5 seconds. RESULTS: A total of 21 infants were enrolled. Four infants were in a low-dose cohort and were treated with a final dose at month 12 of 0.08 mg of risdiplam per kilogram of body weight per day, and 17 were in a high-dose cohort and were treated with a final dose at month 12 of 0.2 mg per kilogram per day. The baseline median SMN protein concentrations in blood were 1.31 ng per milliliter in the low-dose cohort and 2.54 ng per milliliter in the high-dose cohort; at 12 months, the median values increased to 3.05 ng per milliliter and 5.66 ng per milliliter, respectively, which represented a median of 3.0 times and 1.9 times the baseline values in the low-dose and high-dose cohorts, respectively. Serious adverse events included pneumonia, respiratory tract infection, and acute respiratory failure. At the time of this publication, 4 infants had died of respiratory complications. Seven infants in the high-dose cohort and no infants in the low-dose cohort were able to sit without support for at least 5 seconds. The higher dose of risdiplam (0.2 mg per kilogram per day) was selected for part 2 of the study. CONCLUSIONS: In infants with type 1 spinal muscular atrophy, treatment with oral risdiplam led to an increased expression of functional SMN protein in the blood. (Funded by F. Hoffmann-La Roche; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02913482.).


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Neuromusculares/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína 1 de Sobrevivência do Neurônio Motor/sangue , Administração Oral , Compostos Azo/efeitos adversos , Compostos Azo/farmacocinética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Fármacos Neuromusculares/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Neuromusculares/farmacocinética , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas/farmacocinética , Processamento de RNA , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/etiologia , Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/complicações , Atrofias Musculares Espinais da Infância/mortalidade , Proteína 1 de Sobrevivência do Neurônio Motor/genética
4.
Leukemia ; 35(2): 440-453, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33414482

RESUMO

In the ENESTnd study, with ≥10 years follow-up in patients with newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase, nilotinib demonstrated higher cumulative molecular response rates, lower rates of disease progression and CML-related death, and increased eligibility for treatment-free remission (TFR). Cumulative 10-year rates of MMR and MR4.5 were higher with nilotinib (300 mg twice daily [BID], 77.7% and 61.0%, respectively; 400 mg BID, 79.7% and 61.2%, respectively) than with imatinib (400 mg once daily [QD], 62.5% and 39.2%, respectively). Cumulative rates of TFR eligibility at 10 years were higher with nilotinib (300 mg BID, 48.6%; 400 mg BID, 47.3%) vs imatinib (29.7%). Estimated 10-year overall survival rates in nilotinib and imatinib arms were 87.6%, 90.3%, and 88.3%, respectively. Overall frequency of adverse events was similar with nilotinib and imatinib. By 10 years, higher cumulative rates of cardiovascular events were reported with nilotinib (300 mg BID, 16.5%; 400 mg BID, 23.5%) vs imatinib (3.6%), including in Framingham low-risk patients. Overall efficacy and safety results support the use of nilotinib 300 mg BID as frontline therapy for optimal long-term outcomes, especially in patients aiming for TFR. The benefit-risk profile in context of individual treatment goals should be carefully assessed.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida
5.
Anal Chem ; 93(4): 2144-2151, 2021 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470103

RESUMO

Local delivery to the lower gut to treat diseases of the colon has become a topic of special attention. Tissue exposure of locally acting agents is not represented by plasma concentrations. Therefore, reliable methods to measure tissue uptake at the primary site of action (e.g., epithelial layer or lamina propria) are vital. This work investigates the suitability of mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) in quantitatively visualizing intestinal transmural drug distribution. Tofacitinib (Tofa), a drug approved for the treatment of several autoimmune diseases, including ulcerative colitis, was selected as a tool compound for feasibility studies. One- and 7-h postdose sections of the ileum, proximal- and distal-colon from rats that received an oral solution of Tofa were subjected to matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI)-MSI. A dilution series of individual concentrations sprayed over an entire tissue section allowed for tissue type-specific quantitation. At 1 h (systemic Tmax), the signal was highest in the ileum, whereas at 7 h, the signal was highest in the colon, when the unabsorbed fraction of the compound reached the colon. A combination of three-dimensional (3D) intensity plots and hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stains showed a visually observable gradual decrease in Tofa concentration from the lumen toward the muscular layer of the proximal colon. The high luminal concentration of Tofa indicated that flushing of the intestines with saline does not result in complete removal of the drug material from the lumen. This could cause an overestimation of drug concentration in gut tissue homogenates by conventional liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) methods. This study demonstrates the utility of MSI to differentiate between the lumen and intestinal wall layers and enables proper interpretation of tissue distribution data.


Assuntos
Intestinos/química , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Piperidinas/administração & dosagem , Piperidinas/farmacocinética , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/farmacocinética , Administração Oral , Animais , Masculino , Piperidinas/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Pirimidinas/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Distribuição Tecidual
6.
Psychopharmacology (Berl) ; 238(3): 867-876, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433644

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Previous research suggests that sleep polysomnography and EEG endpoints can be used to assess GABAergic activity; however, the impact of GABAB receptor positive allosteric modulators on sleep endpoints remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This phase 1 study compared a single dose of ASP8062 (35 mg or 70 mg), a GABAB receptor positive allosteric modulator, with placebo and paroxetine (40 mg). METHODS: Healthy adult volunteers were randomized to four treatments (35 mg ASP8062, 70 mg ASP8062, paroxetine 40 mg, or matching placebo), each separated by a 14-day washout. Primary endpoints obtained by polysomnography were time in stage N3 or SWS and time in rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Secondary endpoints included impact on sleep stages and electroencephalography parameters, pharmacokinetics, nighttime growth hormone (GH), and safety/tolerability. RESULTS: In 20 randomized volunteers, ASP8062 led to a significant and seemingly dose-dependent increase in SWS over the entire night; this increase was mainly observed during the first third of the night. ASP8062 did not impact time in REM sleep. Paroxetine had no effect on SWS but produced a significant reduction in time spent in REM sleep. A dose-dependent trend in increased GH release was also observed with ASP8062. Headache and nausea were the most commonly reported treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) for ASP8062; most TEAEs were mild in severity. CONCLUSIONS: Single-dose ASP8062 (35 and 70 mg) appeared to result in CNS penetration and enhanced GABAergic activity as measured by increases in slow-wave sleep and growth hormone release.


Assuntos
Moduladores GABAérgicos/uso terapêutico , Morfolinas/uso terapêutico , Polissonografia/efeitos dos fármacos , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Receptores de GABA-B/metabolismo , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/tratamento farmacológico , Sono REM/efeitos dos fármacos , Sono de Ondas Lentas/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Eletroencefalografia/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Moduladores GABAérgicos/administração & dosagem , Moduladores GABAérgicos/efeitos adversos , Moduladores GABAérgicos/farmacocinética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morfolinas/administração & dosagem , Morfolinas/efeitos adversos , Morfolinas/farmacocinética , Paroxetina/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas/farmacocinética , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia
7.
Life Sci ; 266: 118891, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310047

RESUMO

AIMS: Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration (IDD), a common musculoskeletal disease with limited self-healing ability, is challenging to treat. The development of innovative therapies to reverse IDD depends on the elucidation of its regulatory mechanisms. Therefore, the role of Src homology region 2-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP2) in the pathogenesis of IDD and the therapeutic effect of its small-molecule inhibitor, SHP099, were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of SHP2 by nucleus pulposus (NP) cells in IVD was investigated in vitro and in vivo, and its molecular mechanism in IDD was explored using transfection technology. Injectable N-isopropylacrylamide-based thermosensitive hydrogels were synthesized for SHP099 delivery. KEY FINDINGS: SHP2 was highly expressed in degenerated IVDs, where its overexpression in NP cells inhibited the expression of Sry-related HMG box-9 (Sox9), leading to the decreased expression of key proteins (collagen II and aggrecan) and consequently to IDD. SHP099 reversed the degeneration of NP cells in vitro. Moreover, its administration in rats via the injectable thermosensitive hydrogel had a therapeutic effect on IDD. SIGNIFICANCE: Our results suggest that SHP2 is a key factor in IDD progression, and SHP099 inhibits both its expression and NP cell degeneration. Therefore, SHP099 delivery via injectable thermosensitive hydrogels is a potential treatment strategy for IDD.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis/administração & dosagem , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/tratamento farmacológico , Núcleo Pulposo/efeitos dos fármacos , Piperidinas/administração & dosagem , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 11/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Animais , Feminino , Hidrogéis/química , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Núcleo Pulposo/metabolismo , Piperidinas/química , Pirimidinas/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Temperatura
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(52): e23550, 2020 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350733

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fluoropyrimidine combined with oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy have become the first-line treatment for advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). Chinese herbal injections (CHIs), as an important part of TCM, have been widely applied as adjunctive treatments to chemotherapy in patients with advanced CRC. However, the efficacy of this combination therapy has not been evaluated comprehensively. METHODS: We will conduct this systematic review and meta-analysis in accordance with the Preferred Reported Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. 7 databases will be searched for related randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from their inception to August 31, 2020: PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP), SinoMED and Wanfang Database. Two researchers will perform study selection, data extraction, and assessment of risk of bias independently. The primary outcomes are the disease control rate (DCR) and the objective response rate (ORR), the secondary outcomes are progression-free survival (PFS), survival rate, quality of life (QoL) and adverse effects. Cochrane Review Manager (RevMan 5.3) software will be used to analyze the outcomes. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: This systematic review will evaluate the efficacy of CHIs and fluoropyrimidine and oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy for advanced CRC so as to provide valuable evidence to the application of CHIs in advanced CRC. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: INPLASY registration number: INPLASY2020100050.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Metanálise como Assunto , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Injeções , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fitoterapia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(24)2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33321903

RESUMO

The fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling cascade is one of the key signaling pathways in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). FGF has been shown to augment vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated HCC development and angiogenesis, as well as to potentially lead to resistance to VEGF/VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-targeted agents. Thus, novel agents targeting FGF/FGF receptor (FGFR) signaling may enhance and/or overcome de novo or acquired resistance to VEGF-targeted agents in HCC. Mice bearing high- and low-FGFR tumors were treated with Infigratinib (i.e., a pan-FGFR kinase inhibitor) and/or Bevacizumab (i.e., an angiogenesis inhibitor). The antitumor activity of both agents was assessed individually or in combination. Tumor vasculature, intratumoral hypoxia, and downstream targets of FGFR signaling pathways were also investigated. Infigratinib, when combined with Bevacizumab, exerted a synergistic inhibitory effect on tumor growth, invasion, and lung metastasis, and it significantly improved the overall survival of mice bearing FGFR-dependent HCC. Infigratinib/Bevacizumab promoted apoptosis, inhibited cell proliferation concomitant with upregulation of p27, and reduction in the expression of FGFR2-4, p-FRS-2, p-ERK1/2, p-p70S6K/4EBP1, Cdc25C, survivin, p-Cdc2, and p-Rb. Combining Infigratinib/Bevacizumab may provide therapeutic benefits for a subpopulation of HCC patients with FGFR-dependent tumors. A high level of FGFR-2/3 may serve as a potential biomarker for patient selection to Infigratinib/Bevacizumab.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Inibidores da Angiogênese/administração & dosagem , Animais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Apoptose , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Sinergismo Farmacológico , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/genética , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Metástase Neoplásica , Compostos de Fenilureia/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa/genética , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa/metabolismo , Survivina/genética , Survivina/metabolismo , Hipóxia Tumoral , Fosfatases cdc25/genética , Fosfatases cdc25/metabolismo
10.
JAMA ; 324(15): 1512-1521, 2020 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079152

RESUMO

Importance: Patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) are at high risk of mortality, hospitalizations, and reduced functional capacity and quality of life. Objective: To assess the efficacy of the oral soluble guanylate cyclase stimulator vericiguat on the physical limitation score (PLS) of the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ). Design, Setting, and Participants: Phase 2b randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial of 789 patients with chronic HFpEF and left ventricular ejection fraction 45% or higher with New York Heart Association class II-III symptoms, within 6 months of a recent decompensation (HF hospitalization or intravenous diuretics for HF without hospitalization), and with elevated natriuretic peptides, enrolled at 167 sites in 21 countries from June 15, 2018, through March 27, 2019; follow-up was completed on November 4, 2019. Interventions: Patients were randomized to receive vericiguat, up-titrated to 15-mg (n = 264) or 10-mg (n = 263) daily oral dosages, compared with placebo (n = 262) and randomized 1:1:1. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was change in the KCCQ PLS (range, 0-100; higher values indicate better functioning) after 24 weeks of treatment. The secondary outcome was 6-minute walking distance from baseline to 24 weeks. Results: Among 789 randomized patients, the mean age was 72.7 (SD, 9.4) years; 385 (49%) were female; mean EF was 56%; and median N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide level was 1403 pg/mL; 761 (96.5%) completed the trial. The baseline and 24-week KCCQ PLS means for the 15-mg/d vericiguat, 10-mg/d vericiguat, and placebo groups were 60.0 and 68.3, 57.3 and 69.0, and 59.0 and 67.1, respectively, and the least-squares mean changes were 5.5, 6.4, and 6.9, respectively. The least-squares mean difference in scores between the 15-mg/d vericiguat and placebo groups was -1.5 (95% CI, -5.5 to 2.5; P = .47) and between the 10-mg/d vericiguat and placebo groups was -0.5 (95% CI, -4.6 to 3.5; P = .80). The baseline and 24-week 6-minute walking distance mean scores in the 15-mg/d vericiguat, 10-mg/d vericiguat, and placebo groups were 295.0 m and 311.8m , 292.1 m and 318.3 m, and 295.8 m and 311.4 m, and the least-squares mean changes were 5.0 m, 8.7 m, and 10.5 m, respectively. The least-squares mean difference between the 15-mg/d vericiguat and placebo groups was -5.5 m (95% CI, -19.7 m to 8.8 m; P = .45) and between the 10-mg/d vericiguat and placebo groups was -1.8 m (95% CI, -16.2 m to 12.6 m; P = .81), respectively. The proportions of patients who experienced symptomatic hypotension were 6.4% in the 15-mg/d vericiguat group, 4.2% in the 10-mg/d vericiguat group, and 3.4% in the placebo group; those with syncope were 1.5%, 0.8%, and 0.4%, respectively. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with HFpEF and recent decompensation, 24-week treatment with vericiguat at either 15-mg/d or 10-mg/d dosages compared with placebo did not improve the physical limitation score of the KCCQ. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03547583.


Assuntos
Tolerância ao Exercício/efeitos dos fármacos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 2 Anéis/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Administração Oral , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Guanilato Ciclase/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 2 Anéis/administração & dosagem , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 2 Anéis/efeitos adversos , Hospitalização , Humanos , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Volume Sistólico , Falha de Tratamento , Teste de Caminhada
11.
Am J Hematol ; 95(12): 1473-1478, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32780514

RESUMO

We analyzed 160 young Waldenström Macroglobulinemia (WM) patients with a median age of 49 years (range 23-55 years), diagnosed between January 2000 and January 2019 in 14 Italian centers. At diagnosis, 70% of patients were asymptomatic. With a median follow-up of 5.6 years, 57% have been treated. As initial therapy 79% of patients received chemo-immunotherapy, 13% a chemo-free induction and 8% chemotherapy only. At relapse or progression, 6% underwent an autologous stem cell transplantation. Overall, 19% of patients received ibrutinib during the course of the disease. According to IPSSWM, 63% were classified as low risk, 27% as intermediate risk and 10% as high risk. Five-year OS was shorter in high-risk as compared with low or intermediate risk patients (92.9% vs 100% P = .002). According to revised IPSSWM, 92% were classified as very low or low risk and 8% as intermediate risk, with a shorter 5-year OS in the latter group (87.5% vs 100%, P = .028). The OS of young WM patients was not significantly reduced as compared with age-matched, sex-matched and calendar year-matched general population. Early diagnosis, absence of high-risk features in symptomatic patients and high efficacy of modern treatments are the main determinants of the excellent outcome of young WM patients.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Autoenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pirazóis/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/mortalidade , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/terapia
12.
Life Sci ; 260: 118261, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795539

RESUMO

AIMS: Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune systemic disorder causing pain, swelling, stiffness, and disability in various joints. This work was designed to evaluate the effect of sitagliptin and tofacitinib on Janus kinase (JAK)/signaling transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) and toll like receptor (TLR-4)/nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathways in adjuvant induced arthritis in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Severity of arthritis was evaluated and serum was analyzed for inflammatory mediators. The mRNA and protein expression level of the most important members of the two signaling pathways were determined. Lipid profile, transaminases and renal function parameters were assessed. KEY FINDINGS: Sitagliptin and tofacitinib significantly decreased the level of inflammatory parameters, the mRNA and protein expression level of the members of JAK/STAT and TLR-4/NF-κB pathways with more prominent effect of sitagliptin on TLR-4/NF-κB pathway and more expected obvious effect of tofacitinib on JAK/STAT pathway. The combination offered additional anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting the cross talk between these pathways as inhibition of NF-κB activation decreased the serum level of IL-6 preventing the activation of STAT-3 in tibiotarsal tissues. SIGNIFICANCE: The combination of tofacitinib and sitagliptin normalized serum lipids and blood glucose level which could offer protection against cardiovascular diseases and caused partial reversal of serum transaminases and creatinine levels which can protect against tofacitinb's related hepato and nephrotoxicity. We could conclude that the combination of Sitagliptin with tofacitinib can offer synergistic anti-inflammatory effect and more protective action against side effects of tofacitinib.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Piperidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirróis/administração & dosagem , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfato de Sitagliptina/administração & dosagem , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios , Glicemia/análise , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Hipoglicemiantes , Interleucina-6/sangue , Janus Quinases/metabolismo , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Pirróis/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptor Cross-Talk/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Transcrição STAT/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
13.
Ann Hematol ; 99(10): 2343-2349, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833105

RESUMO

Ibrutinib-based therapy represents a recent success in managing high-risk CLL patients with 17p/TP53 deletion. However, a subset of CLL patients are resistant to therapy. Deletion of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) has been postulated as a potential evasion mechanism to ibrutinib-based therapy. In this study, we assessed for LPL deletion by fluorescence in situ hybridization in 176 consecutive CLL patients with 17p/TP53 deletion. LPL deletion was detected in 35 (20%) of CLL patients. Patients with LPL deletion (del) showed a higher frequency of CD38 expression but have comparable frequencies of somatic hypermutation and ZAP-70 expression compared with patients with normal (nml) LPL. Gene mutation analysis showed that TP53 was mutated in 68% of LPL-del versus 91% of LPL-nml patients. The overall response to ibrutinib-based therapy was 57%, including 37% complete remission (CR) and 20% partial remission (PR) in patients with LPL-del versus 90% (56% CR and 34% PR) in patients with LPL-nml (p < 0.001). LPL-del patients also showed a poorer overall survival (OS) compared with patients with LPL-nml (median OS, 236 months versus undefined, p < 0.001). In summary, the data presented establish an association between LPL deletion, resistance to ibrutinib-based therapy, and poorer overall survival in TP53-deleted CLL patients. We suggest that LPL deletion might be utilized as a biomarker for risk stratification and to predict therapeutic response in this high-risk group of CLL patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Deleção de Genes , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Lipase Lipoproteica/deficiência , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Genes p53 , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/mortalidade , Lipase Lipoproteica/genética , Lipase Lipoproteica/fisiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Medição de Risco , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/deficiência , Proteína-Tirosina Quinase ZAP-70/biossíntese , Proteína-Tirosina Quinase ZAP-70/genética
14.
Bull Cancer ; 107(5S): eS22-eS27, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620212

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The nivolumab-ipilimumab combination provides an overall response rate of 42% in first-line metastatic treatment of clear cell renal carcinoma (mccRCC). To date, there is no robust predictive biomarker of response to immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI). In addition, severe autoimmune disorders occur more frequently with ICI combination than with ICI alone. The objective of this study is to compare the efficacy of ICI alone or in combination in patients according to tumor molecular characteristics. METHODS: Using a 35-gene expression mRNA signature, patients were divided into 4 molecular groups (1 to 4). Patients in groups 1 and 4 were randomized to receive nivolumab alone (arms 1A and 4A) or nivolumab plus ipilimumab for 4 injections followed by nivolumab alone (arms 1B and 4B). Patients in groups 2 and 3 were randomized to receive nivolumab plus ipilimumab followed by nivolumab alone (arms 2B and 3B) or a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (sunitinib or pazopanib at the investigator's choice (arms 2C and 3C)). The main objective is the overall response rate by treatment and molecular group. DISCUSSION: BIONIKK is the first trial in mccRCC to study the personalization of treatment with ICI or TKI according to tumor molecular characteristics in mccRCC. This trial is the most appropriate to prospectively identify biomarkers of response to nivolumab used alone or in combination or TKI monotherapy in patients with mccRCC. NCT02960906.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto/métodos , Ipilimumab/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Nivolumabe/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Sunitinibe/administração & dosagem , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores
15.
Lancet ; 396(10246): 255-266, 2020 07 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32711801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abrocitinib, an oral selective Janus kinase 1 inhibitor, was effective and well tolerated in adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis in a phase 2b trial. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of abrocitinib monotherapy in adolescents and adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis. METHODS: In this multicentre, double-blind, randomised phase 3 trial (JADE MONO-1), patients (aged ≥12 years) with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (Investigator Global Assessment score ≥3, Eczema Area and Severity Index [EASI] score ≥16, percentage of body surface area affected ≥10%, and Peak Pruritus Numerical Rating Scale score ≥4) with a bodyweight of 40 kg or more, were enrolled at 69 sites in Australia, Canada, Europe, and the USA. Patients were randomly assigned (2:2:1) to oral abrocitinib 100 mg, abrocitinib 200 mg, or placebo once daily for 12 weeks. Randomisation was done using an interactive response technology system, stratified by baseline disease severity and age. Patients, investigators, and the funder of the study were masked to study treatment. The coprimary endpoints were the proportion of patients who had achieved an Investigator Global Assessment response (score of 0 [clear] or 1 [almost clear] with a ≥2-grade improvement from baseline), and the proportion of patients who achieved at least a 75% improvement in EASI score from baseline (EASI-75) score, both assessed at week 12. Efficacy was assessed in the full analysis set, which included all randomised patients who received at least one dose of study medication. Safety was assessed in all randomised patients. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03349060. FINDINGS: Between Dec 7, 2017, and March 26, 2019, 387 patients were enrolled: 156 were assigned to abrocitinib 100 mg, 154 to abrocitinib 200 mg, and 77 to placebo. All enrolled patients received at least one dose of study treatment and thus were evaluable for 12-week efficacy. Of the patients with available data for the coprimary endpoints at week 12, the proportion of patients who had achieved an Investigator Global Assessment response was significantly higher in the abrocitinib 100 mg group than in the placebo group (37 [24%] of 156 patients vs six [8%] of 76 patients; p=0·0037) and in the abrocitinib 200 mg group compared with the placebo group (67 [44%] of 153 patients vs six [8%] of 76 patients; p<0·0001). Of the patients with available data for the coprimary endpoints at week 12, compared with the placebo group, the proportion of patients who had achieved an EASI-75 response was significantly higher in the abrocitinib 100 mg group (62 [40%] of 156 patients vs nine [12%] of 76 patients; p<0·0001) and abrocitinib 200 mg group (96 [63%] of 153 patients vs nine [12%] of 76 patients; p<0·0001). Adverse events were reported in 108 (69%) of 156 patients in the abrocitinib 100 mg group, 120 (78%) of 154 patients in the abrocitinib 200 mg group, and 44 (57%) of 77 patients in the placebo group. Serious adverse events were reported in five (3%) of 156 patients in the abrocitinib 100 mg group, five (3%) of 154 patients in the abrocitinib 200 mg group, and three (4%) of 77 patients in the placebo group. No treatment-related deaths were reported. INTERPRETATION: Monotherapy with oral abrocitinib once daily was effective and well tolerated in adolescents and adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis. FUNDING: Pfizer.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Eczema/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Austrália/epidemiologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Dermatite Atópica/patologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Eczema/patologia , Grupos Étnicos , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Janus Quinase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placebos/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Segurança , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Sulfonamidas/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
16.
Int Heart J ; 61(4): 799-805, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32728000

RESUMO

Therapeutic strategies for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) have made remarkable progress over the last two decades. Currently, 3 types of drugs can be used to treat PAH; prostacyclins, phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors, and endothelin receptor antagonists (ERA). In Japan, the first generation ERA bosentan was reimbursed in 2005, following which the 2nd generation ERAs ambrisentan and macitentan were reimbursed in 2009 and 2015, respectively. The efficacy of each ERA on hemodynamics in PAH patients remains to be elucidated. The aims of this study were to evaluate the hemodynamic effects of ERAs and compare these effects among each generation of ERAs.We retrospectively examined the clinical parameters of 42 PAH patients who were prescribed an ERA (15 bosentan, 12 ambrisentan, and 15 macitentan) and who underwent a hemodynamic examination before and after ERA introduction at our institution from January 2007 to July 2019.In a total of 42 patients, mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) were significantly decreased and cardiac index was significantly increased after ERA introduction (P < 0.001) and the World Health Organization-Functional class (WHO-Fc) was significantly improved after ERA introduction (P = 0.005). Next, in a comparison between 1st and 2nd generation ERAs, 2nd generation ERAs were found to have brought about greater improvements in hemodynamic parameters (mPAP and PVR. P < 0.01), heart rate, brain natriuretic peptide, arterial oxygen saturation, and mixed venous oxygen saturation than the 1st generation ERA bosentan.We conclude that all ERAs could successfully improve the hemodynamics of PAH patients and that the newer generation ERAs, ambrisentan and macitentan, seemed to be preferable to bosentan.


Assuntos
Bosentana/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas dos Receptores de Endotelina/uso terapêutico , Fenilpropionatos/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Piridazinas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Adulto , Idoso , Bosentana/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Antagonistas dos Receptores de Endotelina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenilpropionatos/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 5/uso terapêutico , Placebos/administração & dosagem , Prostaglandinas I/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Pressão Propulsora Pulmonar/efeitos dos fármacos , Piridazinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Resistência Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Cancer Sci ; 111(9): 3327-3337, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32639651

RESUMO

Tirabrutinib is a second-generation Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitor with greater selectivity than ibrutinib. Here, we conducted a multicenter, phase II study of tirabrutinib in patients with treatment-naïve (Cohort A) or with relapsed/refractory (Cohort B) Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM). Patients were treated with tirabrutinib 480 mg once daily. The primary endpoint was major response rate (MRR; ≥ partial response). Secondary endpoints included overall response rate (ORR; ≥ minor response), time to major response (TTMR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and safety. In total, 27 patients (18 in Cohort A; 9 in Cohort B) were enrolled. The median age was 71 y, and the median serum immunoglobulin M level was 3600 mg/dL. Among the patients, 96.2% had the MYD88L265P mutation. MRR and ORR were 88.9% and 96.3%, respectively (Cohort A: MRR, 88.9%; ORR, 94.4%; Cohort B: MRR, 88.9%; ORR, 100%). Median TTMR was 1.87 mo. PFS and OS were not reached with a median follow-up of 6.5 and 8.3 mo for Cohorts A and B, respectively. The most common adverse events (AEs) were rash (44.4%), neutropenia (25.9%), and leukopenia (22.2%), with most AEs classified as grade 1 or 2. Grade ≥ 3 AEs included neutropenia (11.1%), lymphopenia (11.1%), and leukopenia (7.4%). No grade 5 AEs were noted. All bleeding events were grade 1; none were associated with drug-related atrial fibrillation or hypertension. Although the follow-up duration was relatively short, the study met the primary endpoint. Therefore, tirabrutinib monotherapy is considered to be highly effective for both untreated and relapsed/refractory WM with a manageable safety profile. (JapicCTI-173646).


Assuntos
Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Imidazóis/administração & dosagem , Imidazóis/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Gradação de Tumores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Receptores CXCR4/genética , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/diagnóstico , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/etiologia
18.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 25(10): 1800-1806, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether the UGT1A1 status, single heterozygous (SH) or wild type (WT), is associated with the efficacy and toxicity of irinotecan monotherapy in advanced gastric cancer (AGC). We investigated the association between clinical outcomes (efficacy and safety) and UGT1A1 status in patients who received irinotecan monotherapy. METHODS: We evaluated AGC patients who received irinotecan monotherapy between January 2011 and December 2017. Efficacy was assessed according to overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Toxicity was graded using the Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (version 4.0). RESULTS: A total of 100 patients were evaluated (62 and 38 patients with UGT1A1 WT and SH, respectively). In the WT and SH groups, the irinotecan dose was reduced in 19 (30.6%) and 18 (47.2%) patients (p = 0.135), respectively; treatment was delayed due to adverse events (AEs) in 19 (30.6%) and 13 (34.2%) patients (p = 0.826), respectively; the median PFS was 3.15 and 3.25 months (HR, 0.734; 95% CI 0.465-1.158; p = 0.184), respectively; and the median OS was 10.4 and 7.26 months (HR, 1.137; 95% CI 0.752-1.721; p = 0.543), respectively. Severe hematological AEs (Grade ≥ 3) were significantly more frequent in the SH group than in the WT group (63% vs. 36%; p = 0.008), while severe non-hematological AEs was not significantly different (16.0% vs. 6.5%; p = 0.173). CONCLUSION: There was no significant difference in the efficacy of irinotecan monotherapy between UGT1A1 WT and UGT1A1 SH, but UGT1A1 SH was associated with a high frequency of severe hematological toxicity.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Glucuronosiltransferase/genética , Irinotecano/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Irinotecano/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos de Platina/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Hematol Oncol ; 38(4): 607-610, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32602167
20.
Leukemia ; 34(8): 2225-2229, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32601378
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...