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1.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 26(1): e2119248, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33759964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare three teaching methods' time and personnel requirements, and their effects on plaque and gingival indices. METHODS: This study was a single-blind randomized controlled trial on fixed orthodontic appliance candidates (n = 90), assigned into a control group (n = 30) and two different study groups (n = 30 each). The control group received standard printed educational material and was assisted with verbal information. The study groups either received video-assisted or hands-on training about fixed orthodontic appliance and oral hygiene. The time requirements for all three educational interventions was recorded during the initial visit. The adequacy of oral hygiene was documented through plaque and gingival indices during the initial visit and eighth week of the treatment. The continuous variables were analyzed using 1-way ANOVA. Tukey HSD and Student t-tests were used for post-hoc comparisons (α?#8197;= 0.05). Also, a chi-square test was used for the analysis of categorical variables. RESULTS: Standard education failed to maintain the plaque and gingival indices at the eighth week of the treatment. Although both video-assisted and hands-on training took a considerable amount of time, they served well in preserving both of the indices at the eighth week. The longer the educational intervention was, the better the preservation of the plaque and gingival indices. CONCLUSION: Educational intervention, either with video-assisted or hands-on programs, provided better results in oral hygiene depending on the time and personnel constraints of the orthodontist.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Higiene Bucal , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Aparelhos Ortodônticos , Índice Periodontal , Método Simples-Cego
2.
Am J Dent ; 34(1): 54-60, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33544990

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This 6-month study compared the effects of a smart-connected oscillating-rotating (O-R) electric rechargeable toothbrush with micro-vibrations with those of a marketed smart-connected sonic rechargeable toothbrush for the reduction of gingivitis and plaque. METHODS: In this single-center, examiner-blind, two-treatment, open-label, parallel-group, randomized study, 110 adult subjects with evidence of gingivitis and plaque were randomized to use either the O-R brush (Oral-B iO) or the sonic brush (Philips Sonicare DiamondClean). Both groups were instructed to brush twice daily with a standard sodium fluoride dentifrice. Gingivitis and plaque were assessed at baseline, week 1, and week 24 using the Modified Gingival Index (MGI), Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI), and the Rustogi Modification of the Navy Plaque Index (RMNPI). Designation of gingivitis case status as "healthy" or " not healthy" was made according to the World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-Implant Diseases and Conditions. RESULTS: A significantly greater percentage of subjects in the O-R brush group versus the sonic brush group transitioned from " not healthy" to " healthy" gingivitis case status at week 24 (96.4% vs. 81.8%; P= 0.029). The O-R toothbrush produced a significantly greater reduction in adjusted mean MGI score, adjusted mean GBI score, and adjusted mean number of bleeding sites than did the sonic brush (week 24, by 32.6% for MGI score, by 23.7% for GBI score, and by 26.1% for number of bleeding sites, P< 0.001). After a single use on day 1, plaque removal was statistically significantly greater for the O-R brush compared to the sonic brush (P< 0.001); by week 24, the O-R brush demonstrated greater reductions in whole mouth plaque (24.6%), gingival margin plaque (61.9%) and approximal region plaque 25.8% (P≤ 0.007 for all) compared to the sonic brush. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: This 6-month study provides evidence supporting use of a smart-connected O-R electric toothbrush with micro-vibrations for plaque removal and gingivitis reductions, resulting in transitions to a healthy gingival state.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Adulto , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Índice de Placa Dentária , Desenho de Equipamento , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Método Simples-Cego , Escovação Dentária
3.
Quintessence Int ; 0(0): 0, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33491396

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes in dental prophylaxis between rubber cup polishing and an air polishing system using erythritol powder, with or without prior dental plaque disclosure. Method and materials: In this single-blind, randomized, controlled, split-mouth clinical trial, healthy participants with full-mouth plaque score ≥ 60% were recruited. Quadrants in each participant were randomly assigned to four treatment groups: air polishing with prior plaque disclosure; air polishing without plaque disclosure; rubber cup polishing with prior plaque disclosure; or rubber cup polishing without plaque disclosure. Plaque scores and treatment time for each quadrant were recorded. Posttreatment satisfaction questionnaires for both the participants and operators were also completed. Results: In total, 88 participants consisting of 42 men and 46 women (mean age 23.1 ± 2.0 years) were recruited. Air polishing with prior plaque disclosure had significantly lower posttreatment marginal mean plaque score (21.7 ± 17.5%) compared to air polishing (33.5 ± 23.4%) or rubber cup polishing (34.5 ± 19.7%) without prior plaque disclosure (P < .001). Marginal mean treatment time for air polishing (325 seconds; SE = 10 seconds) was significantly shorter compared to rubber cup polishing (407 seconds; SE = 15 seconds) (P < .001). Both the participants and operators preferred air polishing over rubber cup polishing (P < .001). Conclusion: Prior plaque disclosure enhanced the effectiveness of plaque removal. Air polishing exhibited better treatment efficiency than rubber cup polishing and was the patients' and clinicians' preferred treatment modality.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Borracha , Adulto , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Polimento Dentário , Profilaxia Dentária , Revelação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Método Simples-Cego , Adulto Jovem
4.
Monogr Oral Sci ; 29: 74-79, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427231

RESUMO

The intraoral biofilm requires mechanical removal due to its physical properties. When exposed to the biofilm, interdental areas need special devices to be used. The most effective ones and the first choice are interdental brushes. However, they may not be adequate in the case of very narrow interdental spaces. Despite the difficulties in handling, dental floss may have some advantage in subgingival cleaning. Data are present for gingivitis and periodontitis, but almost no information has been published on gingivally healthy individuals. With respect to interdental caries there is evidence that floss only has a protective value when used professionally and without sufficient fluoridation. There are no such data available on interdental brushes.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Biofilmes , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Escovação Dentária
5.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 152(2): 105-114, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The authors of this study aimed to evaluate the clinical antiplaque and antigingivitis effects of 3 oral hygiene regimens: toothbrushing with standard fluoride toothpaste and manual toothbrush and using a mouthrinse containing cetylpyridinium chloride, zinc lactate, and fluoride (CPC + Zn + F) in an alcohol-free base; toothbrushing with standard fluoride toothpaste and manual toothbrush and using a mouthrinse containing essential oils (EO) in an alcohol-free base; and toothbrushing with manual toothbrush and standard fluoride toothpaste and manual toothbrush (control). METHODS: The participants (N = 120) were randomly assigned to study groups and followed the assigned regimens twice daily for 6 weeks. The participants were examined by a calibrated examiner for the Quigley-Hein plaque index (Turesky modification) and Löe-Silness gingival index at baseline, week 4, and week 6. Statistical analyses were performed separately for plaque and gingival indexes by means of analysis of variance, paired t test, and analysis of covariance (α = 0.05). RESULTS: At week 4, the CPC + Zn + F group presented additional reductions in dental plaque compared with EO and control groups of (21.4% [P < .001] and 31.4% [P < .001], respectively). After 6 weeks, these values were 26.7% (P < .001) and 44.8% (P < .001), respectively. For Löe-Silness gingival index, additional reduction in the CPC + Zn + F group compared with EO were 10.6% (P < .001) and 13.7% (P < .001) at 4 and 6 weeks, respectively. Compared with control, these reductions were 13.6% (P < .001) and 17.8% (P < .001), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The regimen including a mouthrinse containing CPC + Zn + F presented higher antiplaque and antigingivitis effects than EO and control regimens. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: A mouthrinse containing CPC + Zn + F is an effective protocol for the control of dental plaque and gingivitis.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais , Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Óleos Voláteis , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/uso terapêutico , Cetilpiridínio/uso terapêutico , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Índice de Placa Dentária , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Lactatos , Antissépticos Bucais/uso terapêutico , Óleos Voláteis/uso terapêutico , Escovação Dentária , Zinco/uso terapêutico
6.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 152(2): 115-126.e4, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The authors conducted a systematic review to assess the efficacy of oscillating rotating (OR) versus side-to-side (SS) powered toothbrushes on plaque and gingival index reduction. METHODS: The authors searched 3 electronic databases and the gray literature for randomized clinical trials in which investigators compared OR with SS powered toothbrushes. Two authors independently screened the studies, performed data abstraction, and assessed the risk of bias. The authors used random-effects model meta-analyses to pool results across trials and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach to rate the certainty of evidence. RESULTS: This systematic review included 24 trials in which researchers enrolled a total of 2,998 patients. There was moderate-certainty evidence that SS toothbrushes may result in little to no difference in plaque index reduction from baseline to 4 weeks compared with OR toothbrushes (standardized mean difference, 0.02; 95% confidence interval, -0.46 to 0.42). There was moderate-certainty evidence that SS toothbrushes may result in little to no difference in gingival index reduction from baseline to 4 weeks compared with OR toothbrushes (standardized mean difference, 0.13; 95% confidence interval, -0.47 to 0.22). There was moderate-quality evidence suggesting little to no difference in adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: The evidence does not suggest the superiority of either OR or SS toothbrushes for plaque or gingival index reduction. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Clinicians and patients considering the use of either of these toothbrushes are unlikely to observe more benefits with one type versus the other.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Índice de Placa Dentária , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Índice Periodontal , Escovação Dentária
7.
Rev. ADM ; 77(6): 301-305, nov.-dic. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151065

RESUMO

A finales de 2019 se identificó el virus SARS-CoV-2 (por su significado en inglés Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) como agente etiológico de la COVID-19 (por su significado en inglés coronavirus disease 2019) en la ciudad de Wuhan, China. Debido a su rápida propagación al resto del mundo durante el primer trimestre del año 2020, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) la declaró pandemia mundial en marzo del mismo año. Por el potencial de contagio de COVID-19 se ha considerado que el entorno clínico en el que se desenvuelve la odontología puede ser de alto riesgo para el paciente, el odontólogo y sus asistentes si no se tienen las medidas de bioseguridad adecuadas. En un principio se vieron suspendidas las consultas regulares; sin embargo, al volver a la actividad laboral se han adaptado protocolos para el control de infecciones como reforzar el uso de barreras de protección y minimizar tratamientos que involucren aerosoles. La caries es uno de los principales motivos de consulta en la odontología pediátrica, por lo que en este escrito se sugieren algunos protocolos basados en la mínima invasión que prescinden de instrumental rotatorio para salvaguardar al paciente en riesgo de contagio, reduciendo el número de visitas y tiempo en consulta e incluso controlando algunos aspectos de salud bucal fuera de consulta clínica por medio de estrategias preventivas que pueden llevarse a cabo desde casa. Esto significa también mantener la tranquilidad por parte de los tutores del paciente ante la pandemia que se vive actualmente (AU)


At the end of 2019, the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was identified as the etiological agent of COVID-19 in the city of Wuhan China. Due to its rapid spread to the rest of the world during the first trimester of 2020, the WHO declared a global pandemic in March of the same year. Due to the contagion potential of COVID-19, it has been considered that the clinical environment in which dentistry operates may be in high risk for the patient if the appropriate biosafety measures are not taken, initially clinical practices were suspended. However, when returning to work, protocols have been adapted to the infection control procedures, reinforced the use of protective barriers, and minimize treatments that involve aerosols. Caries is one of the main reasons for consultation in Pediatric Dentistry, this article suggests some protocols based on minimal invasion that dispense with rotating instruments to safeguard the patient from the risk of contagion, reducing the number of visits and time in consultation and even controlling some aspects of the oral health outside the dental visit through preventive strategies that can be carried out from home. Modifications to Dental Home. This should include maintaining tranquility and calm on the part of the patient's tutors in the face of the pandemic that we are currently experiencing (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/métodos , Aerossóis , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras , Remineralização Dentária , Protocolos Clínicos , Fluoretos Tópicos/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Risco , Resinas Compostas , Controle de Infecções Dentárias/métodos , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Tratamento Dentário Restaurador sem Trauma
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374694

RESUMO

The scientific community has definitely demonstrated the importance of the use of mouthwash in daily oral hygiene. In our pilot study, we tested the effectiveness of a novel mouth rinse containing sea salt, xylitol, and lysozyme. Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) growth, and plaque index in adolescent patients aged 14-17 years, were observed. The bacterial load was investigated by in vitro microbiological analysis; the plaque index was assessed through the O'Leary's Plaque Control Record (PCR). The study has shown that the use of a sea salt-based mouthwash in daily oral hygiene reduces the bacterial levels of S. mutans (p < 0.01) linked to the combined action of xylitol and lysozyme, together with the action of sea salt. Our preliminary data confirm and improve the main results reported in the scientific literature on the importance of the use of xylitol, lysozyme, and sea salt in oral health.


Assuntos
Antissépticos Bucais/uso terapêutico , Higiene Bucal , Cloreto de Sódio/uso terapêutico , Xilitol/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Muramidase/uso terapêutico , Projetos Piloto , Streptococcus mutans
9.
Pediatr Dent ; 42(6): 424-430, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33369552

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different motivational methods on children's oral hygiene and periodontal health. Methods: A prospective, controlled, single-blinded, randomized clinical trial was conducted with 60 six- to 12-year-olds who were randomly assigned to toothbrushing with an hourglass timer, music video, or control group. All three groups were divided into two equal subgroups: those using a manual toothbrush and those using a powered toothbrush. The plaque index (PI) and gingival index (GI) were measured in each group. The data obtained were analyzed using three-factor variance analysis. Results: A statistically significant decrease was observed in PI and GI values in all groups (P<0.05). The highest decrease in PI values was observed in the group brushing with a music video and a powered toothbrush (51.8 percent), whereas the least decrease was observed in the control group using a powered toothbrush (26.1 percent). The differences were not statistically significant among the groups. Conclusions: A significant decrease in plaque index and gingival index values was obtained in all groups compared to baseline values. Although the additional motivational methods used during toothbrushing contributed to improved plaque removal and toothbrushing efficiency, no statistically significant differences were found among the groups.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Criança , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Índice de Placa Dentária , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Higiene Bucal , Estudos Prospectivos , Método Simples-Cego , Escovação Dentária
10.
J Dent Hyg ; 94(6): 33-39, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33376120

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a professional oral health care program on the oral health status and salivary flow of elderly people living in nursing homes.Methods: Elderly residents aged ≥ 65 years, living in a nursing home, were randomly assigned to either a one-week interval, two-week interval, or control group, and received an oral health intervention accordingly over a period of 12 weeks. Plaque index, tongue coating, gingival index, and salivary flow rate were compared before and after the oral health intervention within and between the groups.Results: The plaque, tongue coating, and gingival indices of the participants who received the oral health intervention decreased significantly; while the salivary flow rate significantly increased. Plaque, tongue coating, and gingival indices decreased most significantly in the one-week interval group, followed by the two-week interval group, relative to the control. The salivary flow rate increased most significantly in the one-week interval group, followed by the two-week interval group.Conclusion: A professional oral health care program is effective for improving the oral health and salivation of elderly residents in nursing homes and the effect was found to be greater with interventions provided at one-week intervals. Oral health care professionals, including dentists and dental hygienists, must regularly monitor and manage the oral health of elderly residents.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Idosos , Placa Dentária , Idoso , Assistência à Saúde , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Casas de Saúde , Saúde Bucal
11.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(11): 1507-1513, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221773

RESUMO

Objective: This study aims to investigate the effects of different antiseptic mouthwash on microbiota around the mini-screw applied to patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: From patients who have been undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment and who have mini-screws in their mouth, a total of 38 patients were selected for the study consisting of 4 groups, each of which has 15 mini-screws. The patients were selected from the following groups: no use of mouthwash (Group 1), use of 0.12% chlorhexidine gluconate-containing mouthwash (Group 2), use of essential oils-containing mouthwash (Group 3), and use of 7.5% povidone-iodine-containing mouthwash (Group 4). Plaque indices and gingival indices of the patients were measured at the beginning (T0) and at their appointments 3 weeks later (T1). In addition, biological samples were collected from the sulcus around the mini-screw with the help of sterile paper point. Results: The total number of microorganisms around the mini-screw in Group 2, Group 3, and Group 4 decreased significantly compared to Group 1. A significant decrease in Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus mitis, Candida parapsilosis, total bacteria, plaque index, and gingival index count was observed in T1compared to T0. Conclusion: Antiseptic mouthwash in Group 2, Group 3, and Group 4 can be used to reduce the number of microbial microbiota around the mini-screw and to improve oral hygiene.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais/farmacologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Parafusos Ósseos/microbiologia , Clorexidina/análogos & derivados , Antissépticos Bucais/farmacologia , Adolescente , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/uso terapêutico , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Clorexidina/uso terapêutico , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Microbiota , Boca , Antissépticos Bucais/uso terapêutico , Índice Periodontal
12.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 44(5): 289-295, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181849

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of two methods of propolis administration on plaque accumulation and microbial count as well as patient acceptance of each vehicle. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial with two parallel arms was used with a sample of 60 high caries risk children 6-8 years old. Children were divided randomly into two groups. Group I: Children who received propolis chewing gum and instructed to chew it twice daily for at least twenty minutes, for two weeks. Group II: children who received propolis mouthwash and instructed to rinse twice daily for one minute. A plaque index was recorded and a plaque sample was collected from all participants at base line and after two weeks of treatment. All participants were asked to rate the preparation they received during treatment period on a Visual Analogue Scale chart. RESULTS: Data showed that propolis had a significant effect on reducing plaque scores and colony counts in both vehicles. There was no significant difference between both vehicles neither on plaque reduction nor on microbial count. However children preferred the gum formula. CONCLUSION: Propolis in both vehicles reduced plaque accumulation and microbial count which recommends its use as an antimicrobial agent in different vehicles.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Cárie Dentária , Placa Dentária , Própole , Goma de Mascar , Criança , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Própole/uso terapêutico , Streptococcus mutans
13.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 843-854, 2020 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028052

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Currently, there is no consensus on recommendations for manual toothbrushing techniques between dentists, oral health therapists and dental companies. The aim of this systematic review is to identify and assess the quality of evidence of the effectiveness of manual toothbrushing techniques in the existing literature. METHODS: A broad search was conducted on the electronic databases Medline via Ovid, PubMed and EBSCO Dentistry & Oral Sciences. Included studies examined manual toothbrushing technique efficiency. Articles were assessed utilising the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias. Thirteen studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in this review. These included five randomised controlled trials (RCT), seven experimental non-randomised control studies and one in vitro study. RESULTS: Of the 3190 articles identified, 40 were relevant to manual toothbrushing and 13 were included in the final review. Studies indicating statistically significantly superior plaque removal for a given technique were Bass (one), modified Bass (one), Charter's (two), Fones (two), scrub (two), roll (one), modified Stillman (one), toothpick method (one). Four studies exhibited no statistically significant difference in effectiveness of plaque removal. Unfortunately, considerable variation was found between studies, making a definitive conclusion impossible in terms of an ideal manual toothbrushing technique that would promote plaque removal and reduce gingivitis. CONCLUSION: There is still insufficient evidence for suggesting that one toothbrushing method is more effective than another in plaque removal and reduction of gingivitis. Excessive variability in many aspects of the design and methodology of the selected studies hinder conclusions on an ideal manual toothbrushing technique. Experimental randomised controlled trials that follow the CONSORT guidelines are required to provide adequate-quality evidence and make any definitive conclusions on the relative effectiveness of manual toothbrushing techniques.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Assistência Odontológica , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Escovação Dentária
14.
Am J Dent ; 33(5): 258-264, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017529

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness in reducing plaque and gingivitis of a fluoride toothpaste with 20% baking soda and a fluoride toothpaste control. METHODS: 159 subjects, who met the entry criteria, participated in this single-center, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group clinical study. Gingival Index (MGI), Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI), and Plaque Index (PI) were assessed after 4, 8, and 12 weeks use of the assigned test or control toothpaste. After 12 weeks, participants resumed 4 weeks of their customary oral hygiene after which they were re-evaluated using the same measures. RESULTS: Both toothpastes statistically significantly reduced MGI, GBI, and PI versus baseline at all-time points. Brushing with the 20% baking soda toothpaste statistically significantly reduced MGI, PI, and GBI compared to the control toothpaste at all time points. After 12 weeks, the reductions in MGI, PI, and GBI were 12.6%, 9.6%, and 44.2%, respectively. After the 4-week customary oral hygiene period, the benefits of the study period had begun to diminish, but statistically significant reductions in MGI and GBI for the test versus control were still evident. This 3-month clinical study shows that brushing with fluoride toothpaste containing 20% baking soda reduces dental plaque and concurrently reduces gingival inflammation and bleeding compared to toothpaste with fluoride alone. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Fluoride toothpaste with 20% baking soda has the potential to offer multiple oral health benefits when used as an adjunct to regular tooth brushing and, therefore, may be confidently recommended to patients.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Bicarbonato de Sódio/uso terapêutico , Cremes Dentais/uso terapêutico
15.
Am J Dent ; 33(5): 265-272, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017530

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness in reducing plaque and gingivitis of two fluoride toothpastes containing baking soda (35% and 20%) with a fluoride toothpaste control. METHODS: 319 subjects, who met entry criteria, participated in this single-center, three-cell, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group clinical study. Gingival Index (MGI), Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI), and Plaque Index (PI) were assessed at baseline, and after 6 weeks, 3 and 6 months. RESULTS: All three toothpastes significantly (P< 0.0001) reduced MGI, GBI, and PI versus baseline, and the two baking soda toothpastes significantly (P< 0.0001) reduced MGI, GBI, and PI compared to the fluoride control, at all three time points. After 6 months use, the 35% and 20% baking soda toothpastes had reduced MGI, GBI and PI by 15.0%, 46.9%, and 18.3%, and 9.4%, 25.9%, and 12.4%, respectively, compared to the control. In addition, the 35% baking soda toothpaste had reduced (P≤ 0.0005) MGI, GBI, and PI by 6.2%, 28.4%, and 6.8%, respectively, compared to the 20% baking soda toothpaste. This clinical study showed that brushing with fluoride toothpastes containing baking soda at 35% and 20% reduces plaque, gingival inflammation and bleeding more effectively than regular fluoride toothpaste. Further, it showed that 35% baking soda toothpaste was more effective in reducing these parameters than 20% baking soda toothpaste. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Fluoride toothpastes containing 20% or more baking soda can provide significant and meaningful gingival health benefits when used regularly as an adjunct to tooth brushing.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Bicarbonato de Sódio , Cremes Dentais
16.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(10): 1395-1400, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047696

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate of effects of using phase-contrast video technique on education in oral hygiene training. This one blind, parallel randomized controlled trial was conducted in a tertiary clinic. Fifty-three patients who presented to the orthodontics department aged 12-20 years were divided into two groups randomly by computer-generated assigned codes to receive oral hygiene education. The participants were blinded to type of education method. Before orthodontic therapy, the control group was trained only by the conventional method, while the test group was trained by phase-contrast video microscopy method in addition to conventional method. Some images and videos of moving microorganisms in dental plaque were shown to the patients in test group on a computer monitor. Subjects and Methods: The bacterial count, plaque index, and gingival index scores were compared. Measurements were obtained in baseline and follow-ups which were repeated with 1-month intervals after the training. Results: The plaque index scores (1.05 ± 0.1 vs. 1.43 ± 0.2; P < 0.001) and gingival index scores (0.90 ± 0.1 vs. 1.14 ± 0.2; P < 0.001) in test group was statistically lower than those in control group at the end of the study. The gingival index scores reduced by 39% in test group vs. 14% in control group. The number of bacteria significantly decreased in the group trained with phase-contrast video microscope technique (8,059,133 ± 3016 vs. 10,830,600 ± 4919; 0.018). Conclusions: The training with phase-contrast microscopy has a more positive effect than the traditional method in oral hygiene education.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Microscopia de Contraste de Fase/métodos , Microscopia de Vídeo , Higiene Bucal , Ortodontia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Escovação Dentária/instrumentação , Adolescente , Bactérias , Criança , Assistência Odontológica , Placa Dentária/etiologia , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Aparelhos Ortodônticos , Método Simples-Cego , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Int Acad Periodontol ; 22(3): 166-173, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980829

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of a new mouth wash formulation consisting of chlorhexidine and chitosan on dental plaque and its reduction to that of chlorhexidine or chitosan alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a single-blind randomized clinical trial with a parallel group design of 3 months duration. Patients (20-40 years) who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria were assigned equally to group 1: chlorhexidine (0.2%), group 2: chitosan (0.5%) or group 3: chlorhexidine - chitosan combination group. The clinical parameters were recorded at baseline, 6weeks and at 3months. All patients received thorough oral prophylaxis and were instructed to rinse with 10ml of mouthwash twice daily for 1 minute. RESULTS: The combination of chitosan and chlorhexidine showed a statistically significant reduction (p less than0.05) in plaque indices from baseline at all time intervals when compared to that of chlorhexidine or chitosan alone. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that by unifying the properties of chitosan and chlorhexidine may result in a superior antiplaque effect than that of chlorhexidine alone.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais , Quitosana , Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/uso terapêutico , Clorexidina/uso terapêutico , Placa Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Antissépticos Bucais , Método Simples-Cego
18.
Periodontol 2000 ; 84(1): 35-44, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844413

RESUMO

It is well established that dental plaque on teeth leads to gingivitis and periodontitis, and that several mechanical and chemical methods of plaque control can prevent gingivitis. The aim of the current review is to summarize and synthesize the available scientific evidence supporting practices for mechanical oral hygiene to prevent periodontal diseases. Evidence for contemporary practices of mechanical oral hygiene to prevent periodontal disease relies on studies of gingivitis patients. General recommendations concerning the ideal oral hygiene devices and procedures are still inconclusive. However, toothbrushing and interdental cleaning remain the mainstays of prevention of periodontal diseases. The primary approach requires individually tailored instruction for implementation of a systematic oral hygiene regimen.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Gengivite/prevenção & controle , Doenças Periodontais/prevenção & controle , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Humanos , Higiene Bucal , Escovação Dentária
19.
Periodontol 2000 ; 84(1): 102-123, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844420

RESUMO

There is increasing public interest in natural or herbal-based healthcare products. This trend is not only visible in supermarkets and dental practices, but also in the scientific world. An improving number of clinical trials are being conducted to validate the claims made about these products in regards to periodontal health. Among single component preparations, Aloe vera and green tea are the most studied natural ingredients. Concerning polyherbal mixtures, triphala has garnered great interest. The effects of these natural products on periodontal health is encouraging, with almost all studies showing an inhibitory effect on plaque accumulation and an improvement in gingival health. However, more studies are needed to be able to design clinical guidelines to guide the use of these natural products in periodontal practice. For most of these products, few studies are available and, moreover, the available studies are limited in duration, the number of participants, and the specific composition of the natural product is often not described in detail.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Gengivite , Doenças Periodontais/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Antissépticos Bucais , Cremes Dentais
20.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236692, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730310

RESUMO

AIMS: To assess feasibility, acceptability, and early efficacy of monetary incentive-based interventions on fostering oral hygiene in young children measured with a Bluetooth-enabled toothbrush and smartphone application. DESIGN: A stratified, parallel-group, three-arm individually randomized controlled pilot trial. SETTING: Two Los Angeles area Early Head Start (EHS) sites. PARTICIPANTS: 36 parent-child dyads enrolled in an EHS home visit program for 0-3 year olds. INTERVENTIONS: Eligible dyads, within strata and permuted blocks, were randomized in equal allocation to one of three groups: waitlist (delayed monetary incentive) control group, fixed monetary incentive package, or lottery monetary incentive package. The intervention lasted 8 weeks. OUTCOMES: Primary outcomes were a) toothbrushing performance: mean number of Bluetooth-recorded half-day episodes per week when the child's teeth were brushed, and b) dental visit by the 2-month follow-up among children with no prior dental visit. The a priori milestone of 20% more frequent toothbrushing identified the intervention for a subsequent trial. Feasibility and acceptability measures were also assessed, including frequency of parents syncing the Bluetooth-enabled toothbrush to the smartphone application and plaque measurement from digital photographs. FINDINGS: Digital monitoring of toothbrushing was feasible. Mean number of weekly toothbrushing episodes over 8 weeks was 3.9 in the control group, 4.1 in the fixed incentive group, and 6.0 in the lottery incentive group. The lottery group had 53% more frequent toothbrushing than the control group and 47% more frequent toothbrushing than the fixed group. Exploratory analyses showed effects concentrated among children ≤24 months. Follow-up dental visit attendance was similar across groups. iPhone 7 more reliably captured evaluable images than Photomed Cannon G16. CONCLUSIONS: Trial protocol and outcome measures were deemed feasible and acceptable. Results informed the study protocol for a fully powered trial of lottery incentives versus a delayed control using the smart toothbrush and remote digital incentive program administration. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT03862443.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Crianças , Recompensa , Escovação Dentária , Pré-Escolar , Placa Dentária/diagnóstico , Placa Dentária/patologia , Placa Dentária/prevenção & controle , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Aplicativos Móveis , Pais/psicologia , Projetos Piloto , Escovação Dentária/instrumentação , Escovação Dentária/métodos
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