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1.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(11): 1364-1368, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191691

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of percutaneous compression plate (PCCP) fixation for femoral neck fracture. Methods: A clinical data of 100 patients with femoral neck fractures who were treated with internal fixation were analyzed retrospectively. The fractures were fixed with the cannulated screws (CS) in 55 patients (CS group) and with the PCCP in 45 patients (PCCP group). There was no significant difference in gender, age, the cause of injury, the fracture type, complications, and disease duration between the two groups ( P>0.05). The quality of fracture reduction, bone resorption, screw slipping, femoral neck shortening, complications (nonunion, failure of fixation, and osteonecrosis of femoral head), and functional recovery of hip (Harris score) were compared between the two groups. Results: All incisions healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 24-56 months, with an average of 30.7 months. The quality of fracture reduction was excellent in 26 cases, good in 18 cases, fair in 9 cases, and poor in 2 cases in CS group and excellent in 21 cases, good in 17 cases, fair in 4 cases, and poor in 3 cases in PCCP group, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( Z=-0.283, P=0.773). The incidence of nonunion in PCCP group was significantly lower than that in CS group ( P=0.046), and the fracture healing time in PCCP group was shorter than that in CS group ( t=2.155, P=0.034). There was no significant difference in the incidences of bone resorption, screw slipping, femoral neck shortening, failure of fixation, and osteonecrosis of femoral head between the two groups ( P>0.05). The overall complication rates were 27.27% (15/55) in CS group and 8.89% (4/45) in PCCP group, showing significant difference ( χ 2=5.435, P=0.020). The Harris score in PCCP group at 6 months after operation was significantly higher than that in CS group ( t=-2.073, P=0.041). However, there was no significant difference in the Harris score at 12, 18, and 24 months after operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion: Stable sliding compression of PCCP is benefit for the femoral neck fracture healing, especially shortening union.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Colo Femoral , Placas Ósseas , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Consolidação da Fratura , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(11): 1382-1386, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191694

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the short-term effectiveness of Endobutton plate in the reconstruction of Lisfranc ligament in tarsometatarsal joint injury. Methods: Between March 2015 and July 2018, 18 patients with tarsometatarsal joint injuries were treated with Lisfranc ligament reconstruction by Endobutton plate. There were 12 males and 6 females with an average age of 32.5 years (range, 16-55 years). The causes of injury were traffic accident in 8 cases, falling from height in 3 cases, crushing by a heavy objective in 4 cases, and spraining in 3 cases. There were 10 cases of Myerson type A, 4 of type B1, 2 of type B2, 1 of type C1, and 1 of type C2. The interval between injury and operation ranged from 3 to 9 days (mean, 4.9 days). X-ray examination was performed regularly after operation to measure the distance between the first and the second metatarsal joints, and the visual analogue scale (VAS) score was used to evaluate the pain relief. At last follow-up, the reduction of tarsometatarsal joint was evaluated by measuring and comparing the height of the affected and healthy arches. The foot function was evaluated according to the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score. Results: The average follow-up time was 15.8 months (range, 10-28 months). All incisions healed by first intention. X-ray reexamination showed that there was no screw loosening or plate fracture. There were significant differences in the distance between the first and the second metatarsal joints and VAS score at 3 months after operation, before removal of the internal fixator, and at last follow-up when compared with preoperative values ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the time points after operation ( P>0.05). At last follow-up, there was no significant difference in the arch height between affected foot [(5.3±0.2) mm] and healthy foot [(5.4± 0.3) mm] ( t=1.798, P=0.810). The AOFAS score of foot function was 89.5±7.3 with excellent in 12 cases, good in 4 cases, and fair in 2 cases. The excellent and good rate was 88.9%. Conclusion: The reconstruction of Lisfranc ligament with Endobutton plate can stabilize the tarsometatarsal joint and achieve satisfactory foot function at early stage.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Adolescente , Adulto , Parafusos Ósseos , Feminino , Humanos , Ligamentos Articulares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(11): 1454-1457, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191705

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the research progress of medial buttress plate assisted fixation for femoral neck fractures in young adults. Methods: The literature about buttress plate assisted fixation for femoral neck fractures in young adults was widely reviewed and analyzed. The design principle, background, biomechanical characteristics, and clinical results of buttress plate were summarized. Results: Medial buttress plate assisted fixation is the latest treatment of femoral neck fractures in young adults, which can convert the shear force at the fracture sides into compression force and promote fracture healing. Medial buttress plate can improve the biomechanical stability of femoral neck fractures and reduce the maximum stress of fixation implants. In clinical, the medial buttress plate can maintain fracture reduction, reduce the incidences of nonunion and surgical failure, and improve hip joint function. Conclusion: Medial buttress plate assisted fixation can achieve good effectiveness for femoral neck fractures in young adults. However, due to the preliminary application, its indications, fixation implants, and long-term effectiveness need to be further studied and improved.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur , Fraturas do Colo Femoral , Placas Ósseas , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Fixação de Fratura , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Consolidação da Fratura , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(41): 3240-3245, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167111

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effect of intramedullary nail and locking plate in the treatment of proximal humeral fractures in the elderly. Methods: A total of 37 elderly patients with proximal humeral fractures were selected from April 2016 to June 2018 in Tianjin Hospital, including 13 males and 24 females, aged (66±5) years. The patients were divided into observation group (17 cases) and control group (20 cases) according to the random number table, and were treated with multiloc intramedullary nail and locking plate respectively. The operation time, blood loss, healing time of fractures, visual analogue scale of pain, Neer shoulder function score were recored and compared between the two groups. The data were compared with t test between the two groups. Results: The operation time of the observation group was shorter than that of the control group ((72±7) min vs (89±9) min, t=6.365, P<0.05); the intraoperative bleeding volume was lower than that of the control group ((56±6) ml vs (74±8) ml, t=7.923, P<0.05). The superior rate of shoulder function was 94.1%(16/17) in the observation group and 90.0%(18/20) in the control group (χ(2)=0.209, P>0.05). The VAS score of the observation group was lower than that of the control group on the first day after operation (t=4.706, P<0.05); the Neer shoulder function score of the observation group was higher than that of the control group on the sixth month after operation (81±8 vs 76±8, t=2.156, P<0.05). Six months after the operation, the valgus angle (19.21°±2.88°) of the observation group was larger than that of the control group (16.32°±2.63°, t=3.189, P<0.05), the humeral head varus angle (3.57°±0.47°), the humeral neck stem angle (139°±10°) was smaller than that of the others (5.24°±1.26°), (146°±13°) (t=5.159, 2.258, both P<0.05). There was no significant difference in shoulder function score and complication rate 12 months after operation between the two groups (both P>0.05). Conclusion: Both intramedullary nailing and locking plate can achieve better results in the treatment of proximal humeral fractures in the elderly, but the operation time of intramedullary nailing is shorter, the pain after operation is lighter and the recovery is faster.


Assuntos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas do Úmero , Fraturas do Ombro , Idoso , Placas Ósseas , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ombro , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech ; 87(5): 309-317, 2020.
Artigo em Tcheco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146597

RESUMO

Periprosthetic femoral fractures around the femoral stem of a hip prosthesis constitute a serious challenge. The number of these fractures, associated with a high failure rate and a high number of overall complications, including higher mortality, has been on an increase worldwide. Stable femoral stems are indicated for osteosynthesis, while in case of loosening the method of choice is the replacement by a revision implant. The aim of osteosynthesis of periprosthetic femoral fractures is a stable fixation with soft tissue preservation which results in faster union allowing the patient to return to pre-injury activities. Biomechanical studies on cadavers or on synthetic models and computer simulations make it possible to evaluate the fixation strength in various types of implants in dependence on fracture characteristics and bone quality, but cannot be substituted for clinical trials since there is no direct proportion between fixation rigidity and fracture union. Fundamental principles that shall be followed in osteosynthesis of periprosthetic fractures can be deduced from the available studies. Proximal fixation by screws or a combination of screws and cables are biomechanically more advantageous than the Ogden fixation by cerclage wires or cables. Bicortical fixation enabled by state-of-the-art implants of LAP-LCP or NCB type represents a significantly more stable construction compared to monocortical fixation and led to reduced use of structural allografts. Better stability can be achieved by "double plating" technique which is applied especially in revision surgeries, but also in osteoporotic periprosthetic fractures with a defect zone. In these cases, osteosynthesis with long plates is recommended, bridging the entire femur, i.e. distally with femoral condyles fixation since this prevents the risk of a fracture below the plate. In shorter plates, this risk created by stress concentration at the end screw is amplified when a distal bicortical locking screw is used. That is why it is beneficial to reduce this stress by a monocortical screw or with the use of a conventional screw. Adherence to the principles regarding the position, type and number of screws constitutes the key parameter of successful osteosynthesis of periprosthetic fractures. Key words: hip joint, arthroplasty, periprosthetic fractures, biomechanics of osteosynthesis.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Fraturas do Fêmur , Fraturas Periprotéticas , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Placas Ósseas , Parafusos Ósseos , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Fraturas Periprotéticas/cirurgia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22529, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031295

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reduction malarplasty is a routine clinical procedure among Asian women, but the traditional surgical methods are still associated with serious complications, such as nonunion of the osteotomy sites. Revisional surgery to correct such complications is common, but poor bone healing in the osteotomy area presents a challenge to plastic surgeons. In this report, the authors present a new technique for revision malarplasty that uses the piezosurgery (piezoelectric bone surgery) approach. PATIENT AND DIAGNOSIS: A 30-year-old female patient underwent reduction malarplasty with titanium plate fixation in the zygomatic region at another hospital 4 years ago, but the root of the zygomatic arch was not fixed. The patient was diagnosed with bone nonunion, facial asymmetry, and soft tissue sagging on the right side of the face after malarplasty. INTERVENTION: We used piezosurgery to truncate the displaced healed broken end of the zygomatic bone according to the original osteotomy line. Following this, the malar was re-fixed with micro-titanium mesh, and the zygomatic arch was fixed with a titanium plate. OUTCOME: The patient was followed up for 11 months after the revision procedure. Her facial appearance was satisfactory, and no complications were observed on computed tomography images. LESSONS: This report presents a novel therapeutic option for surgical revision of failed malarplasty. Piezosurgery can help overcome the limitations of traditional surgical methods by reducing bone resorption, preventing resorption of the bone in revision malarplasty, modifying the degree of inward and upward movement of the zygomatic bone by facilitating adjustment of the position of the drill hole in the cortex of the bone stump for stable fixation. Hence piezosurgery can be a simple, accurate, and non-invasive osteotomy method for revision malarplasty.


Assuntos
Assimetria Facial/cirurgia , Piezocirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Zigoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Placas Ósseas , Feminino , Humanos , Osteotomia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Reoperação
7.
Head Face Med ; 16(1): 25, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate via finite element analysis (FEA) the biomechanical behavior of conventional small-fragment screws reinforced by a patient-specific plate in type p condylar head. METHODS: A finite element model of the mandible was created using Mimics 12.1 software. A type p condylar head fracture was simulated in the right condyle, and the left condyle was used as a control. Two patterns of fixation were investigated: conventional two-screw fixation and the same fixation system reinforced with a small, patient-specific plate. Surface models were imported into the software Ansys 5.7for further volume mesh generation. RESULTS: The highest stress gradients were observed in the cortical layer of the lateral fragment, located near the screw. The conventional fixation method resulted in equivalent stresses 2 to 10 times greater than the reinforced method. Rigidity of fixation in the reinforced method increased up to 1.25-3 times compared to the conventional two-screw technique. CONCLUSION: This study's findings suggest significant benefits in unfavorable biomechanical conditions from reinforcement of the standard two-screw fixation of condylar head fractures with a small, patient-specific plate acting as a washer.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Parafusos Ósseos , Fraturas Mandibulares , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos , Fraturas Mandibulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Mandibulares/cirurgia , Estresse Mecânico
8.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(10): 970-4, 2020 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107263

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate therapeutic effect of minimally invasive percutaneous plate internal fixation (MIPPO) through a single incision in treating open distal tibiofibula fractures. METHODS: From March 2015 to February 2019, 10 patients with open distal tibiofibula fractures were treated with MIPPO technique through single anterolateral incision, including 8 males and 2 females, aged from 31 to 68 years old. According to Gustilo classification, 6 patients were typeⅠ, 3 patients were typeⅡand 1 patient was type ⅢA. Operative time, intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing were observed, Mazur ankle joint scoring was used to evaluate clinical effect. RESULTS: All patients were followed up from 9 to 24 months. Operative time ranged from 85 to 120 min, intraoperative blood loss ranged from 80 to 200 ml, fracture healing time ranged from 18 to 30 weeks. Nine patients with Gustilo typeⅠandⅡachieved satisfactory healing wound, original wound of 1 patient with Gustilo type ⅢA was poor, and healed by skin flap transplantation at stageⅡ. No steel exposed and infection occurred. According to Mazur ankle scoring at the final following-up, total score was from 61 to 97, and 8 patients got excellent result, 1 good and 1 poor. CONCLUSION: MIPPO technique through anterolateral single incision for the treatment of open distal tibiofibula fractures could protect original medial wound in opertaion, avoid plate exposed through anterolateral extensor tendon to cover internal fixation, and MIPPO technique could protect fracture end blood flow to improve fracture healing rate, and it is a kind of choice.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Fraturas Expostas , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Consolidação da Fratura , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos
9.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(10): 1248-1252, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063488

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effectiveness of simple Ilizarov ring external fixation technique in treatment of tibial plateau fractures complicated with osteofascial compartment syndrome. Methods: Between September 2013 and March 2017, 30 patients with tibial plateau fractures complicated with osteofascial compartment syndrome were treated with simple Ilizarov ring external fixation technique. There were 23 males and 7 females, with an average age of 34.4 years (range, 23-43 years). The injuries were caused by traffic accident in 12 cases, by falling from height in 4 cases, by falling in 8 cases, and by a crashing object in 6 cases. The time from injury to admission was 1-12 hours (mean, 4.8 hours). According to the Schatzker classification, there was 1 case of type Ⅱ, 3 cases of type Ⅲ, 10 cases of type Ⅳ, 7 cases of type Ⅴ, and 9 cases of type Ⅵ. All patients underwent fasciotomy due to osteofascial compartment syndrome; the interval between fasciotomy and operation was 10-15 days (mean, 12.5 days). Knee Society Score (KSS) and Ilizarov Method Research and Application Association (ASAMI) protocol were used to evaluate knee function. Results: The operation time was 110-155 minutes (mean, 123.1 minutes); the intraoperative blood loss was 100-500 mL (mean, 245 mL); the postoperative hospital stay was 3-5 days (mean, 3.8 days). All patients were followed up 20-24 weeks (mean, 22.7 weeks). Except for 2 patients with signs of needle tract infection, no other complication occurred. X-ray films showed that the fractures healed, and the healing time was 10-20 weeks (mean, 14.6 weeks). At last follow-up, the KSS clinical score was 70- 95 with an average of 87.5; the functional score was 70-90 with an average of 79.0. According to ASAMI protocol evaluation, the effectiveness was rated as excellent in 24 cases, good in 3 cases, fair in 2 cases, and poor in 1 case. Conclusion: For tibial plateau fractures complicated with osteofascial compartment syndrome, simple Ilizarov ring external fixation technique can basically restore joint function and has fewer complications. It is a relatively safe and effective treatment method.


Assuntos
Síndromes Compartimentais , Técnica de Ilizarov , Fraturas da Tíbia , Adulto , Placas Ósseas , Síndromes Compartimentais/etiologia , Síndromes Compartimentais/cirurgia , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Masculino , Fraturas da Tíbia/complicações , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(10): 1253-1257, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063489

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effectiveness of the calcaneal plate bridge reconstruction plate for acetabular fracture involving quadrilateral surface via modified Stoppa approach. Methods: Between January 2015 and December 2017, 18 patients with acetabular fracture involving quadrilateral surface were treated with the calcaneal plate bridge reconstruction plate via the modified Stoppa approach. There were 12 males and 6 females. The age ranged from 28 to 63 years (mean, 39 years). The cause of injury was traffic accident in 13 cases and falling from height in 5 cases. According to the Letournel-Judet classification, there were 10 cases of anterior and posterior column fractures, 6 cases of T-shaped fractures, and 2 cases of anterior column and posterior semi-transevere fractures. The interval from injury to operation was 6 to 24 days (mean, 8.6 days). The reduction quality was assessed by postoperative X-ray film and CT according to the criteria proposed by Matta. The hip joint function was assessed by the modified Merled'Aubigné-Postel score. Results: The operation time was 120-240 minutes (mean, 165 minutes) and the intraoperative blood loss was 600-1 400 mL (mean, 850 mL). All patients were followed up 18-30 months (mean, 24.5 months). There were 2 cases of the fat liquefaction of abdominal incisions, 3 cases of intraoperative injury of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, 1 case of lower limb thrombosis, and 1 case of abdominal pain and hematuria due to intraoperative accidental bladder injury. According to the criteria proposed by Matta, the reduction quality rated as anatomic reduction in 12 cases, satisfactory reduction in 5 cases, and unsatisfied reduction in 1 case, and the satisfaction rate was 94.4%. All fractures healed with the healing time of 3-5 months (mean, 3.4 months). During follow-up, no internal fixator loosening, breakage, or fracture displacement occurred. At last follow-up, according to modified Merled'Aubigné-Postel score, hip joint functions rated as excellent in 11 cases, good in 4 cases, fair in 2 cases, and poor in 1 case. The excellent and good rate was 83.3%. Conclusion: Application of calcaneal plate bridge reconstruction plate via the modified Stoppa approach for the acetabular fracture involving the quadrilateral surface can obtain satisfactory effectiveness.


Assuntos
Calcâneo , Fraturas do Quadril , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Adulto , Placas Ósseas , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 1351-1354, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018239

RESUMO

Despite the inter and intraobserver variabilities, manual contours are commonly used as surrogates for ground truth in the validation process for nonrigid medical image registration. In contrast, this study proposes the use of thin plate spline interpolation to create a true deformation field. A diffeomorphic registration method was compared to the true deformation field along with three other algorithms and was evaluated on simulated cardiac motion deformation over 10 subjects from the Automated Cardiac Diagnosis Challenge (ACDC) dataset. Two sequential registration approaches were undertaken: with respect to the first frame, and with respect to the previous frame. The Dice score was calculated between the simulated and warped contours for the two approaches: diffeomorphic registration method =0.991 and 0.997, RealTITracker (L2L2 method) = 0.971 and 0.977, RealTITracker (L2L1 method) = 0.975 and 0.978, and Elastix = 0.976 and 0.994. The results demonstrate the robust performance of the diffeomorphic registration method.Clinical relevance This establishes a validation of a registration method that can be used for segmentation of chambers of the heart.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Placas Ósseas , Coração , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
13.
Rozhl Chir ; 99(8): 343-349, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032438

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The study compares the results of open reduction using volar locking plates with ligamentotaxis by external fixation in fractures of distal radius type 2R3C according to AO classification. METHODS: A retrospective study evaluating the results of osteosynthesis in patients with distal radius fractures type 2R3C according to AO classification, operated until December 2018. The ORIF method with volar locking plates (LCP) was used in 54 patients, and closed reduction with ligamentotaxis using external fixation (EF) was used in 33 patients. The mean age of the patients was 46.7 years in the LCP group and 59.6 years in the EF group. All were evaluated for their X-ray and functional outcomes and according to the Green and OBrien score at 6 and 12 months after surgery.  Results: According to X-rays at 12 months in the LCP group, the mean sagittal tilt was 10.13°, the mean radial inclination was 23.89°, and the mean radial length was 11.84 mm. In the EF group, the mean sagittal tilt was 6.32°, the mean radial inclination was 24.78°, and the mean radial length was 9.89 mm. According to the Green and OBrien score, we recorded a mean score of 84.44 points in the LCP group at 12 month; we achieved good and excellent results in 83.33% of the patients and no poor result was observed. In the EF group the final mean score was 77.27; good and excellent results were achieved in 45.46% of the patients and a poor result in one patient. CONCLUSION: Based on the results in our group of patients, the internal type osteosynthesis using LCP implants can be recommended as a first-choice technique in the treatment of 2R3C fractures according to AO classification.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Rádio , Rádio (Anatomia) , Placas Ósseas , Fixação de Fratura , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rádio (Anatomia)/diagnóstico por imagem , Rádio (Anatomia)/cirurgia , Fraturas do Rádio/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Rádio/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 237-241, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043338

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the stress distribution of microtitanium plate and bioresorbable plates in fixation of mandibulotomy. METHODS: Three dimensional models of different internal fixation systems in mandibular resection were established, and three dimensional finite element analysis was carried out to compare the displacement changes of fracture segments and stress distribution of titanium plates under the same stress conditions. RESULTS: The maximum stress value of titanium plate was 49.8 MPa, and that of absorbable plate was 4.42 MPa. The maximum stress value of titanium plate was far greater than that of absorbable plate. However, all the stresses were less than their yield limits. It can be seen from the relative displacement comparison that when the mini-titanium plate was fixed on the mandible, the maximum displacement value was 0.1 mm; when absorbable plate was used for fixation, the maximum displacement value was 0.2 mm, and the relative displacement of both plates was small. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the stiffness and internal strength of bioabsorbable fixation system are sufficient to support bone healing at the mandible site.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Osteotomia Mandibular , Placas Ósseas , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926007

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the effect of an autogenous blood concentrate (L-PRF) with the effect of white porous titanium granules (WPTG) on buccal bone remodeling. These materials were used to graft the void between the implant and the buccal bone following immediate implant placement. Clinical measurements were made at two time points, and the mean buccal bone horizontal dimension at placement was 2.94 ± 0.59 mm for L-PRF and 3.49 ± 0.99 mm for WPTG. At reentry, the values were 1.19 ± 0.90 mm and 2.12 ± 0.87 mm, respectively. Overall, there was no difference observed in the performance of the two materials regarding buccal bone resorption.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas , Placas Ósseas , Porosidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Titânio , Alvéolo Dental
16.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 34(9): 1120-1124, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929904

RESUMO

Objective: To observe effectivness and safeness of self-made dentation hook plate associated with hot-air balloon technique in treating Mutch Ⅰ or Ⅱ type isolated greater tuberosity fractures of humerus. Methods: Between January 2016 and December 2018, 15 patients with Mutch Ⅰ or Ⅱ type greater tuberosity fractures were treated with self-made dentation hook plate associated with hot-air balloon technique. There were 9 males and 6 females with an average age of 45.1 years (range, 29-62 years). The injury causes included falling injury in 9 patients and traffic accident injury in 6 patients. According to Mutch classification, 4 cases were MutchⅠ type and 11 cases were Mutch Ⅱ type. There were 7 cases with anterior dislocation of shoulder. The time from injury to operation was 2-10 days (mean, 4.5 days). Results: All 15 patients were followed up 8-16 months, with an average of 13.5 months. There was no infection of incision, loss of reduction of fracture block, delayed union or nonunion. The average time of fracture union was 6.5 months (range, 4-8 months). One patient had axillary paralysis at 1 day after operation, and was treated with nutritional nerve therapy, the symptoms disappeared after 2.5 months. Three patients had slight subacromial impingement. After fracture healing, the hook plate was taken out in advance, and the pain and abnormal noise disappeared during shoulder abduction. At last follow-up, Costant-Murley score used to evaluate shoulder joint function was 88-100, with an average of 96.8; 8 cases were excellent, 7 cases were good, and the excellent and good rate was 100%. The internal fixator was removed after 8-16 months after the secondary operation with no re-fracture occurred. Conclusion: The self-made dentation hook plate associated with hot-air balloon technique is a safe and reliable method for the treatment of Mutch Ⅰ or Ⅱ type isolated greater tuberosity fracture of humerus.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas do Ombro , Adulto , Placas Ósseas , Feminino , Humanos , Úmero , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(8): 696-702, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32875756

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of arthroscopic assisted TightRope plate, Triple-Endobutton plate and Double Endobutton plate in treating of Rockwood type Ⅲ-Ⅴ acromioclavicular dislocation. METHODS: From January 2014 to January 2018, 128 patients with acromioclavicular dislocation were treated by operation. According to the operation plan, the patients were divided into three groups:Double Endobutton group, Triple-Endobutton group and TightRope group. All patients with acromioclavicular dislocation were operated by the same operation team, and the chief surgeon was the same chief physician. General baseline data such as gender, age, operation time, incision length, intraoperative blood loss, VAS score of pain and Constant-Murley shoulder function score were recorded. RESULTS: The wound healed well and no recent complications occurred. One hundred and eleven patients were followed up for 6 to 12(9.1±3.1) months. There was no significant difference on general data among three groups (P >0.05). Among three groups, the operation time of Triple -Endobutton group was the longest, significantly higher than that of other two groups(P<0.05);the operation time of TightRope group was the shortest, significantly lower than that of other two groups (P<0.05). At 1 month after operation, VAS score comparison of three groups, TightRope group was significantly lower than other two groups, with statistical difference (P<0.05). At 12 months after operation of three groups, the Constant-Murley score of TightRope group was significantly higher than that of two group (P<0.05). The incidence of incision infectionin TightRope group was significantly lower than that of other two groups(P<0.05); the incidence of reduction loss in Double Endobton group was significantly higher than that of other two groups(P<0.05), the incidence of reduction loss in TightRope group was significantly higher than that of Triple endobton group(P<0.05);the incidence of joint adhesion in TightRope group was significantly lower than that of other two groups(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: TightRope plate fixation with arthroscopy is more advantageous than Double Endobutton plate fixation and Triple-Endobutton plate fixation.


Assuntos
Articulação Acromioclavicular , Luxações Articulares , Luxação do Ombro , Artroscopia , Placas Ósseas , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(8): 721-4, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32875761

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare the hidden blood loss of minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis(MIPPO) combined with locking plate fixation and intramedullary nail fixation in the treatment of tibial shaft fracture. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-one cases of tibial shaft fracture treated from January 2017 to January 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were all treated with closed reduction and divided into two groups:group A (110 cases) and group B (81 cases). In group A, 78 males and 32 females were treated with MIPPO combined with locking plate. The age ranged from 19 to 74 (45.32±11.79) years old. According to AO classification, 42cases were type 42-A, 45 were type 42-B and 23 were type 42-C fractures. Group B was treated with intramedullary nail, including 65 males and 16 females, aged 19 to 84 (45.44± 14.32) years old. According to AO classification, there were 39 cases of type 42-A, 29 cases of type 42-B and 13 cases of type 42-C. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and hidden blood loss were observed and compared between the two groups. RESULTS: On the first day, the hidden blood loss was (155.27±47.89) ml in group A and (160.43±131.42) ml in group B, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001);on the third day, the hidden blood loss was (102.70±94.79) ml in group A and (338.23±85.24) ml in group B, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). There was no significant difference between the two groups in gender, age, height, weight, fracture type and preoperative Hct (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: In the treatment of tibial shaft fracture with intramedullary nail, there is obvious hidden blood loss, which is much higher than expected.


Assuntos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas da Tíbia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pinos Ortopédicos , Placas Ósseas , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Consolidação da Fratura , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 48(10): 928-932, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873467

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There is no consensus about the ideal fixation methods and their effects on the condyle after the sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) procedure. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence, clinical presentation, and treatment of condylar sagging between different fixation methods following SSRO. METHODS: Patients who underwent double jaw surgery between 2007 and 2017 were evaluated retrospectively. Mandibular fixation was maintained using one of three different options: a miniplate and a single bicortical screw, three bicortical screws, or a single bicortical screw. Some patients had malocclusion relapse in the early postoperative period due to condylar sagging, and needed reoperation. The reoperated condylar sagging patients were analysed statistically with respect to their fixation methods. RESULTS: 233 patients (134 females, 99 males) with a mean age of 23.3 years were enrolled in the study. The patients fixated with a single bicortical screw had lower revision surgery rates than those with three bicortical screws or with miniplate with a single bicortical screw (p = 0.034 and p = 0.032, respectively). These differences in central condylar sagging with a need for revision were statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Although a miniplate and a single bicortical screw and three bicortical screws are widely used after SSRO, if the priority is to avoid sagging then it seems that a single screw should be preferred for osteosynthesis.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Ortognática , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Adulto , Placas Ósseas , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas de Fixação da Arcada Osseodentária , Masculino , Mandíbula , Osteotomia Sagital do Ramo Mandibular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 48(10): 994-1003, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893092

RESUMO

The aim of this paper is to identify risk factors associated with the development of osteosynthesis plates' related complications in fibula free flap reconstructions. This is a case series study of consecutive fibula free flaps. Clinical and radiological variables were recorded. Patient outcomes were evaluated with special attention to osteosynthesis plates' related complications; these included plate exposure, plate fracture, loosening of screws, non-union, bone resorption, oro-cutaneous fistulas, and bone exposure. We have done a descriptive analysis, univariate analysis, and multivariate logistic regression model to explore possible risk factors for osteosynthesis plates' related complications. Data analysis was performed using R software (version 3.5.0). 111 fibula free flaps were studied. 29 patients (26.1%) developed osteosynthesis plates' related complications. The mean time to osteosynthesis plates' related complications was 22 months; range (1-120); the median and mode were 12 months. Patients with preoperative radiotherapy (34% vs 14%, p = 0.021), and secondary reconstruction (31% vs 15%, p = 0.053) had a higher incidence of osteosynthesis plates' related complications. In the univariate analysis, "preoperative radiotherapy" (OR 3.07, 95%CI = 1.139-8.242, p = 0.025) and "extraoral soft-tissue defect" (OR 2.907, 95%CI = 1.032-8.088, p = 0.042) were risk factors for osteosynthesis plates' related complications. We have observed an interaction effect: patients with mandibular Brown's classes III + IV and "secondary reconstruction" have a higher risk for osteosynthesis plates' related complications; more than 47.30 times compared to Brown's class I and "primary reconstruction" (p = 0.026). Different factors may contribute to the development of osteosynthesis plates' related complications. Our study adds important information about these. Patients with higher risk of developing complications should be informed that a second intervention to remove the plates might be necessary.


Assuntos
Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Neoplasias Mandibulares , Reconstrução Mandibular , Placas Ósseas/efeitos adversos , Transplante Ósseo , Fíbula , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Mandíbula , Estudos Retrospectivos
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