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1.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239371, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001996

RESUMO

Mastering the evolution of urban land cover is important for urban management and planning. In this paper, a method for analyzing land cover evolution within urban built-up areas based on nighttime light data and Landsat data is proposed. The method solves the problem of inaccurate descriptions of urban built-up area boundaries from the use of single-source diurnal or nocturnal remote sensing data and was able to achieve an effective analysis of land cover evolution within built-up areas. Four main procedures are involved: (1) The neighborhood extremum method and maximum likelihood method are used to extract nighttime light data and the urban built-up area boundaries from the Landsat data, respectively; (2) multisource urban boundaries are obtained using boundary pixel fusion of the nighttime light data and Landsat urban built-up area boundaries; (3) the maximum likelihood method is used to classify Landsat data within multisource urban boundaries into land cover classes, such as impervious surface, vegetation and water, and to calculate landscape indexes, such as overall landscape trends, degree of fragmentation and degree of aggregation; (4) the changes in the multisource urban boundaries and landscape indexes were obtained using the abovementioned methods, which were supported by multitemporal nighttime light data and Landsat data, to model the urban land cover evolution. Using the cities of Shenyang, Changchun and Harbin in northeastern China as experimental areas, the multitemporal landscape index showed that the integration and aggregation of land cover in the urban areas had an increasing trend, the natural environment of Shenyang and Harbin was improving, while Changchun laid more emphasis on the construction of artificial facilities. At the same time, the method proposed in this paper to extract built-up areas from multi-source city data showed that the user accuracy, production accuracy, overall accuracy and Kappa coefficient are at least 3%, 1%, 1% and 0.04 higher than the single-source data method.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Luz , Urbanização , China , Planejamento de Cidades , Funções Verossimilhança
2.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0238443, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017446

RESUMO

For the complicated operation process, many risk factors, and long cycle of urban logistics, it is difficult to manage the security of urban logistics and it enhances the risk. Therefore, to study a set of effective management mode for the safe operation of urban logistics and improve the risk prediction mechanism, is the primary research item of urban logistics security management. This paper summarizes the risk factors to public security in the process of urban logistics, including pick up, warehouse storage, transport, and the end distribution. Generalized regression neural network (GRNN) is combined with particle swarm optimization (PSO) to predict accidents, and the Apriori algorithm is used to analyze the combination of high-frequency risk factors. The results show that the method of combining GRNN with PSO is effective in accident prediction and has a powerful generalization ability. It can prevent the occurrence of unnecessary urban logistics public accidents, improve the ability of relevant departments to deal with emergency incidents, and minimize the impact of urban logistics accidents on social and public security.


Assuntos
Planejamento de Cidades , Medidas de Segurança/organização & administração , Prevenção de Acidentes , Acidentes , Algoritmos , China , Cidades , Emergências , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Organização e Administração , Fatores de Risco
3.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0235780, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886925

RESUMO

Prominent regional differentiations of highway landslide disasters (HLDs) bring great difficulties in highway planning, designing and disaster mitigation, therefore, a comprehensive understanding of HLDs from the spatial perspective is a basis for reducing damages. Statistical prediction methods and machine learning methods have some defects in landslide susceptibility mapping (LSM), meanwhile, hybrid methods have been developed by combining the statistical prediction methods with machine learning methods in recent years, and some of them were reported to perform better than conventional methods. In view of this, the principal component analysis (PCA) method was used to extract the susceptibility evaluation indexes of HLDs; the particle swarm optimization-support vector machine (PSO-SVM) model and genetic algorithm-support vector machine (GA-SVM) model were implemented to the susceptibility mapping and zoning of HLDs in China. The research results show that the accumulative contribution rate of the four principal components is 92.050%; evaluation results of the PSO-SVM model are better than those of the GA-SVM model; micro dangerous areas, moderate dangerous areas, severe dangerous areas and extreme dangerous areas account for 24.24%, 19.49%, 36.53% and 19.74% of the total areas of China; among the 1543 disaster points in the HLDs inventory, there are 134, 182, 421 and 806 located in the above areas respectively.


Assuntos
Deslizamentos de Terra , Algoritmos , China , Planejamento de Cidades , Mapeamento Geográfico , Mapas como Assunto , Análise de Componente Principal , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Transportes
4.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239628, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970755

RESUMO

The increase in data amount makes the traditional Internet of Vehicles (IoV) fail to meet users' needs. Hence, the IoV is explored in series. To study the construction of freight integer linear programming (ILP) model based on fog computing (FG), and to analyze the application of the model in the optimization of the networking deployment (ND) of the IoV. FG and ILP are combined to build a freight computing ILP model. The model is used to analyze the application of ND optimization in the IoV system through simulations. The results show that while analyzing the ND results in different scenarios, the model is more suitable for small-scale scenarios and can optimize the objective function; however, its utilization rate is low in large-scale scenarios. While comparing and analyzing the network cost and running time, compared with traditional cloud computing solutions, the ND solution based on FG requires less cost, shorter running time, and has apparent effectiveness and efficiency. Therefore, it is found that the FG-based model has low cost, short running time, and apparent efficiency, which provides an experimental basis for the application of the later deployment of freight vehicles (FVs) in the Internet of Things (IoT) system for ND optimization. The results will provide important theoretical support for the overall deployment of IoV.


Assuntos
Simulação por Computador , Internet das Coisas , Veículos Automotores/estatística & dados numéricos , Planejamento de Cidades/normas , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto
5.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(8): 817-821, 2020 Aug 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842308

RESUMO

COVID-19 is a public health emergency currently. In this study, a scale-free network model is established based on the Spring Migration data in 2020.The cities is clustered into three different modules. The epidemic of the cities in the black module was the most serious, followed by the red and the cyan. The black module contains 9 cities in Zhejiang province and 8 cities in Guangdong province, most of them located in the southeast coastal economic belt. These cities should be the key cities for epidemic prevention and control.


Assuntos
Planejamento de Cidades , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Modelos Biológicos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , China/epidemiologia , Cidades/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
8.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32632726

RESUMO

Humankind is in constant interaction with the environment. If this interaction leads to individual internalization of the environment, which is also called "appropriation" in psychology, it has a positive effect on health and wellbeing. To promote appropriation, urban architecture must respond to human needs. The PAKARA model illustrates the dynamic interaction of these needs with urban architecture, distinguishing three sectors: preventive, curative, and rehabilitative architecture. The PAKARA model was developed in 2019 at the Technical University of Munich.In addition to the model, the article explains three central needs that, influenced by urban architecture, can lead to health-promoting saturation or health-damaging over- or undersaturation: stimulation, identification, and privacy. Conclusively, it is shown that the future challenge is to expand close interdisciplinary cooperation against the background of a drastic increase in the global urban population and an associated complexity of need-oriented design. The needs of the individual - even if they contradict each other and change over the course of a lifetime - are the driving motor behind the health of an entire community. Urban architecture has the potential to keep this motor running, or, destroy it.


Assuntos
Planejamento de Cidades , Saúde da População Urbana , Previsões , Alemanha , Humanos , População Urbana
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32674442

RESUMO

Land use and transportation scenarios can help evaluate the potential impacts of urban compact or transit-oriented development (TOD). Future scenarios have been based on hypothetical developments or strategic planning but both have rarely been compared. We developed scenarios for an entire metropolitan area (Montreal, Canada) based on current strategic planning documents and contrasted their potential impacts on car use and active transportation with those of hypothetical scenarios. We collected and analyzed available urban planning documents and obtained key stakeholders' appreciation of transportation projects on their likelihood of implementation. We allocated 2006-2031 population growth according to recent trends (Business As Usual, BAU) or alternative scenarios (current planning; all in TOD areas; all in central zone). A large-scale and representative Origin-Destination Household Travel Survey was used to measure travel behavior. To estimate distances travelled by mode, in 2031, we used a mode choice model and a simpler method based on the 2008 modal share across population strata. Compared to the BAU, the scenario that allocated all the new population in already dense areas and that also included numerous public transit projects (unlikely to be implemented in 2031), was associated with greatest impacts. Nonetheless such major changes had relatively minor impacts, inducing at most a 15% reduction in distances travel by car and a 28% increase in distances walked, compared to a BAU. Strategies that directly target the reduction of car use, not considered in the scenarios assessed, may be necessary to induce substantial changes in a metropolitan area.


Assuntos
Automóveis , Transportes , Exame para Habilitação de Motoristas , Canadá , Planejamento de Cidades , Planejamento Ambiental , Caminhada
10.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32617644

RESUMO

Mobility is a prerequisite for satisfying essential human needs. Work, education, social participation: all these activities generate regular journeys. Particularly in cities, however, the "side effects" of mobility such as traffic jams, traffic accidents, air pollution, noise and the resulting health effects are also evident.The planning of settlement structures, the necessary infrastructures, and the design of urban spaces are tasks of urban planning. Urban planning can have a decisive influence on the means of transport people choose, the distances they travel, and the environmental and health effects associated with these choices.This article examines how urban planning can promote alternatives to motorized individual travel. It focuses in particular on active mobility, such as cycling and walking. The paper begins by presenting the fundamental effects of everyday mobility and the resulting traffic on health. It then gives an overview of the potential for promoting active mobility in Germany and how urban planning and the factors it regulates, such as settlement density or mix of uses, influence mobility decisions. An overview of current initiatives and an in-depth presentation of planning strategies in the cities of Barcelona and Bogotá will be used to show which instruments and measures are being used.The article emphasizes that urban planning and the built environment it creates can promote walking and cycling. The examples show, however, that promising initiatives are not realised through spatial planning and the creation of infrastructure alone. Rather, they are cross-sectoral measures aimed at changing the mobility culture in cities.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar , Ciclismo , Planejamento de Cidades , Caminhada , Cidades , Alemanha , Humanos
11.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235492, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667935

RESUMO

Green infrastructure in cities is considered to serve as a refuge for insect pollinators, especially in the light of an ongoing global decline of insects in agricultural landscapes. The design and maintenance of urban green spaces as key components of green infrastructure play a crucial role in case of nesting opportunities and for foraging insects. However, only few research has explored the impact of urban green space design on flower visitor communities, plant-pollinator interaction and the provision of the ecosystem service of pollination in cities. We investigated the abundance and diversity of pollinator communities in different urban park types in designed, standardized vegetation units, linked the visitation rates to the structural composition of the park types and derived indices for implemented pollination performances. The study was performed in two different structural park elements, flower beds and insect-pollinating trees. To gain a comprehensive understanding of the interaction between plants and pollinators, we calculated a plant-pollinator network of the recorded community in the investigation area. Visitation rates at different park types clearly showed, that the urban community gardens in comparison to other urban park types had a significantly higher abundance of pollinator groups, comparable to results found on a rural reference site. Tilia trees contributed significantly to the ecosystem service of pollination in investigated green spaces with a high supply of nectar and pollen during their flowering period. Calculations of pollination performances showed that recreational parks had comparably low visitation rates of pollinators and a high potential to improve conditions for the ecosystem service of pollination. The results indicated the strong potential of cities to provide a habitat for different groups of pollinators. In order to access this refuge, it is necessary to rely on near-natural concepts in design and maintenance, to create a wide range of flower diversity and to use even small green patches. Based on the findings, we encourage an integrated management of urban free spaces to consider parks as key habitats for pollinators in anthropogenic dominated, urban environments.


Assuntos
Abelhas/fisiologia , Cidades , Polinização , Animais , Planejamento de Cidades
12.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0234003, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614842

RESUMO

Understanding which transportation modes people use is critical for smart cities and planners to better serve their citizens. We show that using information from pervasive Wi-Fi access points and Bluetooth devices can enhance GPS and geographic information to improve transportation detection on smartphones. Wi-Fi information also improves the identification of transportation mode and helps conserve battery since it is already collected by most mobile phones. Our approach uses a machine learning approach to determine the mode from pre-prepocessed data. This approach yields an overall accuracy of 89% and average F1 score of 83% for inferring the three grouped modes of self-powered, car-based, and public transportation. When broken out by individual modes, Wi-Fi features improve detection accuracy of bus trips, train travel, and driving compared to GPS features alone and can substitute for GIS features without decreasing performance. Our results suggest that Wi-Fi and Bluetooth can be useful in urban transportation research, for example by improving mobile travel surveys and urban sensing applications.


Assuntos
Acelerometria/instrumentação , Planejamento de Cidades , Smartphone , Aprendizado de Máquina Supervisionado , Transportes , Tecnologia sem Fio , Condução de Veículo , Dinamarca , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , Humanos , Veículos Automotores , Ferrovias , Smartphone/instrumentação , População Urbana , Caminhada
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32708488

RESUMO

The role of smart cities in order to improve older people's quality of life, sustainability and opportunities, accessibility, mobility, and connectivity is increasing and acknowledged in public policy and private sector strategies in countries all over the world. Smart cities are one of the technological-driven initiatives that may help create an age-friendly city. Few research studies have analysed emerging countries in terms of their national strategies on smart or age-friendly cities. In this study, Romania which is predicted to become one of the most ageing countries in the European Union is used as a case study. Through document analysis, current initiatives at the local, regional, and national level addressing the issue of smart and age-friendly cities in Romania are investigated. In addition, a case study is presented to indicate possible ways of the smart cities initiatives to target and involve older adults. The role of different stakeholders is analysed in terms of whether initiatives are fragmentary or sustainable over time, and the importance of some key factors, such as private-public partnerships and transnational bodies. The results are discussed revealing the particularities of the smart cities initiatives in Romania in the time frame 2012-2020, which to date, have limited connection to the age-friendly cities agenda. Based on the findings, a set of recommendations are formulated to move the agenda forward.


Assuntos
Planejamento de Cidades , Política Pública , Saúde da População Urbana , Cidades , Planejamento Ambiental , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Romênia , Desenvolvimento Sustentável
14.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235858, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645068

RESUMO

The characteristics of urban spatial structure and the objective evaluation of the development level of urban economy have always been the concern of urban researchers, However, the spatial relationship between urban spatial structure and urban economic development level is often deliberately ignored. Through the point of interest (POI), the identification framework is constructed, the spatial structure of the city is identified and evaluated, and the Geographically Weighted Regression analysis is carried out with the distribution of unit GDP (Gross Domestic Product) in this study. The research shows that Kunming and Guiyang are polycentric spatial structures and Kunming's structure is more significant. Kunming's economic level is generally higher than Guiyang, but the unit area cannot be compared. The city center will promote the development of the central area in this city, and the more urban centers are distributed within the geographical and spatial range, the greater contribution would have to economic development. In addition, the results of this study will have a positive impact on urban planning and construction, and will also provide a new perspective for the study of cities and related disciplines.


Assuntos
Planejamento de Cidades , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Reforma Urbana , China , Cidades , Planejamento de Cidades/economia , Planejamento de Cidades/métodos , Humanos , Regressão Espacial , Reforma Urbana/economia , Reforma Urbana/métodos , Urbanização
15.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(2): 342-354, abr.-jun. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102505

RESUMO

Este artigo busca compreender a produção de significados sobre sustentabilidade no contexto de produção da cidade olímpica. Para tanto, promove uma análise crítica do documentário Naturopolis, relacionando-o com alguns dos documentos oficiais disponibilizados tanto pelo Comitê Olímpico Internacional quanto pelo Comitê Organizador dos Jogos Olímpicos. Busca-se uma leitura polivalente, não dominante, considerando o contexto mais amplo de produção da cidade-mercadoria pela cidade-empresa, por meio de técnicas de city branding. O artigo se concentra na linha narrativa da salvação da cidade em relação à sustentabilidade, por meio dos megaeventos ou, nos termos do documentário, de uma volta à natureza, evocando mudanças necessárias para a construção de um novo país, a partir de uma transformação que pode ser trazida por políticos, pelo milagre das Olimpíadas e pela população em geral.


This article aims to understand the production of meanings about sustainability in the context of the production of the Olympic city. Using as method a critical analysis of the documentary Naturopolis, relating it to some of the official documents made available by both the International Olympic Committee and the Organizing Committee of the Olympic Games. The author seeks a multipurpose, non-dominant reading, considering the broader context of production of the commodity-city by the entrepreneurial city, through city branding techniques. The article focuses on the narrative line that consider mega-events as a catalyst to a possible salvation of the city in relation to sustainability, or, in the terms of the documentary, of a back to nature, evoking necessary changes for the construction of a new country, starting from a transformation that can be brought about by politicians, the miracle of the Olympics and the general population.


Este artículo busca comprender la producción de significados sobre sostenibilidad en el contexto de producción de la ciudad olímpica por medio de un análisis crítico del documental Naturopolis, relacionando la película con algunos de los documentos oficiales puestos a disposición tanto por el Comité Olímpico Internacional como por el Comité Organizador de los Juegos Olímpicos. Se busca una lectura polivalente, no dominante, considerando el contexto más amplio de producción de la ciudad-mercancía por la ciudad empresa, a través de técnicas de city branding. El artículo fija la atención en la línea narrativa de la salvación de la ciudad en relación con la sostenibilidad a través de megaeventos o, en los términos del documental, de un retorno a la naturaleza, evocando los cambios necesarios para la construcción de un nuevo país, a partir de una transformación que puede ser provocada por los políticos, por el milagro de los Juegos Olímpicos y por la población en general.


Assuntos
Humanos , Esportes , Planejamento de Cidades , Documentários Cinematográficos , Ecologia , Indicadores de Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Urbanização , Brasil , Narração , Meio Ambiente
16.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234564, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525933

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Single vehicle run-off crashes in urban areas constitute a growing problem that deserves more attention from authorities and researchers. This study aims to detect geometric road design risk factors characterizing places where urban run-off crashes might happen. METHODS: A case-control study was performed in the urban area of Valladolid (Spain) with data corresponding to a four-year period. Logistic regression models were used to analyze data, considering different variables related to design parameters in the models: type of intersection, radius of curvature, width of the pavement, width of the traffic lane, number of lanes for traffic in the same direction, direction of the traffic, length of the previous straight section, distance to the previous traffic light, slope, and finally, priority regulation. Two different scenarios were investigated: intersections and curves. RESULTS: The Adjusted Odds-Ratio of a run-off crash was five times higher in double direction roads with median strip than in one-way urban roads, for both curves and intersections, and almost nine times higher on road sections with previous straight lengths greater than 500 meters. Specific risk factors for intersections are "number of lanes for traffic in the same direction" (the odds of a run-off crash are more than five times higher on a road with two or more lanes), "length of preceding straight section" (the odds on road sections with lengths greater than 500 meters are more than nine times that of road sections with a length of less than 150 meters). For curves, specific factors are "width of the traffic lane" (the odds of a run-off crash on curves with lanes wider than 3.75m are more than six times higher) and "priority regulation" (the odds of a run-off crash increases more than twelve times on road sections with traffic light regulation over those without any regulation). CONCLUSIONS: The current study identifies urban road configurations that might require redesigning with the aim of decreasing the odds of a run-off crash, or the implementation of passive protective systems to mitigate their consequences. Specifically, intersections in two direction roads with median strip, more than two lanes per direction and a long preceding straight section, as well as curves with wide lanes and traffic light regulation, are the places that require attention.


Assuntos
Prevenção de Acidentes/métodos , Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos , Planejamento de Cidades/métodos , Modelos Logísticos , Veículos Automotores/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Espanha
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32545840

RESUMO

In the context of "space of flow", urban interaction has become the key force impacting urban landscape evolution and urban sustainable development. Current research on urban interaction analysis is mainly conducted based on the interaction of geographical elements, the virtual flow of information in cyberspace has not been given sufficient attention, particularly the information flows with explicit geographical meaning. Considering the dramatic population migration and the explosive growth of cyberspace in China's main urban agglomerations, we constructed the information flow of migrant attention (IFMA) index to quantify the urban information interaction derived from public migrant concern in cyberspace. Under the framework coupling spatial pattern analysis and spatial network analysis, exploration spatial data analysis (ESDA) and complex network analysis (CNA) were adopted to identify the urban interaction features depicted by IFMA index in the three main urban agglomerations in China. The results demonstrated that, in the study area: (1) The IFMA index presented a reasonable performance in depicting geographical features of cities; (2) the inconformity between urban role in the network and development positioning confirmed by national planning existed; (3) in the context of New-type urbanization of China, urban interaction feature can be a beneficial reference for urban spatial reconstruction and urban life improvement. Using the cyber information flow with geographical meaning to analyze the urban interaction characteristics can extend the research angle of urban relationship exploration, and provide some suggestion for the adjustment of urban landscape planning.


Assuntos
Planejamento de Cidades , Emigrantes e Imigrantes , Urbanização , China , Cidades , Humanos , Internet , População Urbana , Reforma Urbana
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32545896

RESUMO

This study examined the longitudinal association between the change in the step count of older adults and the neighborhood-built environment (BE) in Yokohama, Japan. We analyzed pedometer data in March 2016 and March 2019 that were acquired from 21,557 older adults aged 65-79 years at baseline, who lived in 758 neighborhoods in Yokohama City and participated in the Yokohama Walking Point Program (YWPP). Six BE variables were computed, for each of which neighborhoods were classified into quartiles. Using multilevel regression analysis, we examined the association between the BE variables, baseline step count, and change in step count. Higher population density, lower intersection density, and the second shortest quartile of the average distance to the nearest railway station were associated with a higher baseline step count. A lower intersection density and shorter average distance to the nearest railway station were associated with a smaller decline. The lowest quartile of population density was inversely associated with step-count decline. In conclusion, the neighborhood BEs were not only associated with their step count at baseline, but also widened the disparity of the step count over the three years. These findings would contribute to creating age-friendly cities where older adults can maintain and promote their health.


Assuntos
Planejamento de Cidades , Características de Residência , Idoso , Cidades , Planejamento Ambiental , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Caminhada
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354149

RESUMO

Urban vegetation is an essential element of the urban city pedestrian walkway. Despite city forest regulations and urban planning best practices, vegetation planning lacks clear comprehension and compatibility with other urban elements surrounding it. Urban planners and academic researchers currently devote vital attention to include most of the urban elements and their impact on the occupants and the environment in the planning stage of urban development. With the advancement in computational design, they have developed various algorithms to generate design alternatives and measure their impact on the environment that meets occupants' needs and perceptions of their city. In particular, multi-agent-based simulations show great promise in developing rule compliance with urban vegetation design tools. This paper proposed an automatic urban vegetation city rule compliance approach for pedestrian pathway vegetation, leveraging multi-agent system and algorithmic modeling tools. This approach comprises three modules: rule compliance (T-Rule), street vegetation design tool (T-Design), and multi-agent alternative generation (T-Agent). Notably, the scope of the paper is limited to trees, shrubbery, and seating area configurations in the urban pathway context. To validate the developed design tool, a case study was tested, and the vegetation design tool generated the expected results successfully. A questionnaire was conducted to give feedback on the use of the developed tool for enhancing positive experience of the developed tool. It is anticipated that the proposed tool has the potential to aid urban planners in decision-making and develop more practical vegetation planting plans compared with the conventional Two-Dimensional (2D) plans, and give the city occupants the chance to take part in shaping their city by merely selecting from predefined parameters in a user interface to generate their neighborhood pathway vegetation plans. Moreover, this approach can be extended to be embedded in an interactive map where city occupants can shape their neighborhood greenery and give feedback to urban planners for decision-making.


Assuntos
Planejamento de Cidades , Planejamento Ambiental , Pedestres , Árvores , Cidades , Humanos , Características de Residência
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