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1.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (4): 77-80, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32352674

RESUMO

Pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema are the main manifestations of gas syndrome in patients with tracheal injury. Traditional mediastinal decompression in case of tension emphysema is carried out through different types of cervical or transpleural mediastinotomy and subsequent passive drainage. Clinical observation of the use of VAC-therapy in the patient with injury of the membranous part of trachea followed by tension pneumomediastinum is presented. Cervicotomy with dissection of anterior mediastinum and installation of vacuum-assisted dressing were performed. Fast regression of subcutaneous emphysema and relief of pneumomediastinum were noted. There were no complications. The patient was discharged in 6 days after admission. Effectiveness of VAC-therapy in patients with tension subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum was confirmed.


Assuntos
Enfisema Mediastínico/terapia , Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa , Pneumotórax/terapia , Enfisema Subcutâneo/terapia , Traqueia/lesões , Humanos , Enfisema Mediastínico/etiologia , Pescoço , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Enfisema Subcutâneo/etiologia , Vácuo
2.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(5)2020 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32423911

RESUMO

A 36-year-old man was brought to the emergency department with suspected COVID-19, following a 3-week history of cough, fevers and shortness of breath, worsening suddenly in the preceding 4 hours. On presentation he was hypoxaemic, with an SpO2 of 88% on 15 L/min oxygen, tachycardic and had no audible breath sounds on auscultation of the left hemithorax. Local guidelines recommended that the patient should be initiated on continuous positive airway pressure while investigations were awaited, however given the examination findings an emergency portable chest radiograph was performed. The chest radiograph demonstrated a left-sided tension pneumothorax. This was treated with emergency needle decompression, with good effect, followed by chest drain insertion. A repeat chest radiograph demonstrated lung re-expansion, and the patient was admitted to a COVID-19 specific ward for further observation. This case demonstrates tension pneumothorax as a possible complication of suspected COVID-19 and emphasises the importance of thorough history-taking and clinical examination.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumotórax/terapia , Adulto , Tubos Torácicos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Toracostomia
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(15): e19656, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282716

RESUMO

To determine the influence of puncture site on aspiration in dealing with pneumothorax following CT-guided lung biopsy.Two hundred thirty-six pneumothorax patients after CT guided lung biopsies were retrospective analyzed from January 2013 to December 2018. Patients with minor asymptomatic pneumothorax were treated conservatively with monitoring of vital signs and follow-up CT to confirm stability. Ninety of the 236 pneumothorax patients, who underwent manual aspiration, were included in this analysis. In first manual aspiration, the needle from the lesion was retracted back into the pleural space after biopsy, and then aspiration treatment was performed. If the treatment is of unsatisfied result, a second attempt aspiration treatment, which puncture site away from initial biopsy one, was conducted. The efficacy of simple manual aspiration and the new method, changing puncture site for re-aspiration was observed.Immediate success was obtained in 62 out of the 90 patients in the first attempt. The effective rate and failure rate were 68.9% (62/90) and 31.1% (28/90), respectively. Twenty-eight patients in whom first attempt simple aspiration were unsuccessful underwent a second attempt aspiration, which puncture site away from initial biopsy one, was successful in 13 patients with 15 patients undergoing chest tube placement. The effective rate and failure rate were 46.4% (13/28) and 53.6% (15/28), respectively. Applying the modified procedure, total effective rate of aspiration elevated significantly from 68.9% (62/90) to 83.3% (75/90) (P < .05). No serious side effects were detected in the period of aspiration procedure.Manual aspiration with puncture site away from initial biopsy one is worth trying to deal with post-biopsy pneumothorax. This modified procedure improved the efficiency of treatment significantly, and reduced the rate of pneumothorax requiring chest tube placement.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Pulmão/patologia , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Punções/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Tubos Torácicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/instrumentação , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cavidade Pleural/patologia , Pneumotórax/terapia , Punções/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sucção/efeitos adversos , Sucção/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Falha de Tratamento
6.
N Engl J Med ; 382(5): 405-415, 2020 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether conservative management is an acceptable alternative to interventional management for uncomplicated, moderate-to-large primary spontaneous pneumothorax is unknown. METHODS: In this open-label, multicenter, noninferiority trial, we recruited patients 14 to 50 years of age with a first-known, unilateral, moderate-to-large primary spontaneous pneumothorax. Patients were randomly assigned to immediate interventional management of the pneumothorax (intervention group) or a conservative observational approach (conservative-management group) and were followed for 12 months. The primary outcome was lung reexpansion within 8 weeks. RESULTS: A total of 316 patients underwent randomization (154 patients to the intervention group and 162 to the conservative-management group). In the conservative-management group, 25 patients (15.4%) underwent interventions to manage the pneumothorax, for reasons prespecified in the protocol, and 137 (84.6%) did not undergo interventions. In a complete-case analysis in which data were not available for 23 patients in the intervention group and 37 in the conservative-management group, reexpansion within 8 weeks occurred in 129 of 131 patients (98.5%) with interventional management and in 118 of 125 (94.4%) with conservative management (risk difference, -4.1 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], -8.6 to 0.5; P = 0.02 for noninferiority); the lower boundary of the 95% confidence interval was within the prespecified noninferiority margin of -9 percentage points. In a sensitivity analysis in which all missing data after 56 days were imputed as treatment failure (with reexpansion in 129 of 138 patients [93.5%] in the intervention group and in 118 of 143 [82.5%] in the conservative-management group), the risk difference of -11.0 percentage points (95% CI, -18.4 to -3.5) was outside the prespecified noninferiority margin. Conservative management resulted in a lower risk of serious adverse events or pneumothorax recurrence than interventional management. CONCLUSIONS: Although the primary outcome was not statistically robust to conservative assumptions about missing data, the trial provides modest evidence that conservative management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax was noninferior to interventional management, with a lower risk of serious adverse events. (Funded by the Emergency Medicine Foundation and others; PSP Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry number, ACTRN12611000184976.).


Assuntos
Tratamento Conservador , Drenagem , Pneumotórax/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Tubos Torácicos , Drenagem/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumotórax/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Radiografia Torácica , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento , Conduta Expectante , Adulto Jovem
7.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 287, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692942

RESUMO

Catamenial pneumothorax is a rare condition that is often misdiagnosed. It is defined as spontaneous pneumothorax occurring within 72 hours before or after onset of menstruation. Etiology is unknown but could be linked to endometriosis. Pleural ablation via thoracoscopy and hormonal therapy are mainstay treatment options to avoid recurrence. We present a case of a young adult female who experienced gradual painless abdominal distention that resolved spontaneously after each menses twelve years post menarche. She was first seen at a peripheral facility where laparotomy undertaken was negative for suspected ectopic pregnancy. However, a bleeding omental mass was noticed and a biopsy taken. Histopathology reported it as an endometriotic tissue. The patient subsequently had recurrent cyclical chest pains and breathlessness leading to the diagnosis of catamenial pneumothorax. She had chemical pleurodesis done with sterile talc after chest tube drainage and has been well over two years now.


Assuntos
Endometriose/diagnóstico , Pleurodese/métodos , Pneumotórax/diagnóstico , Adulto , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Drenagem/métodos , Feminino , Gana , Humanos , Menstruação/fisiologia , Pneumotórax/terapia
9.
Thorac Surg Clin ; 29(4): 351-358, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564391

RESUMO

Paraesophageal hernia repair is a technically challenging operation. Factors that influence morbidity of the operation include the timing of the operation, surgical approach, and patient factors. Medical complications are the most common and usually are respiratory or cardiac related. Perforation, subcutaneous emphysema, pneumothorax, shortened esophagus, and presence of a large hernia all complicate paraesophageal hernia repair. Various strategies of intraoperative management are described. Management of leaks and perforations identified postoperatively are dictated by the clinical status of the patient. Early identification and expeditious intervention are paramount in the overall management of complications.


Assuntos
Perfuração Esofágica/terapia , Hérnia Hiatal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/terapia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Fundoplicatura/métodos , Gastroplastia/métodos , Humanos , Doença Iatrogênica , Laparoscopia , Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa , Pneumotórax/terapia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Estômago/lesões , Enfisema Subcutâneo/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(9)2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494588

RESUMO

Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition which classically manifests with skin lesions such as fibrofolliculomas, pulmonary cysts that predispose to spontaneous pneumothorax and an increased risk of developing renal cell carcinoma. We describe the case of a patient who presented with a spontaneous pneumothorax on a background of multiple lung cysts, in the absence of cutaneous fibrofolliculomas and renal tumours. A germline mutation in the folliculin FLCN gene was subsequently identified, confirming BHD syndrome. Our case highlights the importance of considering a broad differential diagnosis for the cause of a spontaneous pneumothorax in the presence of unexplained cystic lung disease and emphasises the value of maintaining a high index of clinical suspicion for inherited causes of pneumothoraces.


Assuntos
Apicectomia , Síndrome de Birt-Hogg-Dubé/diagnóstico , Drenagem , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Pneumopatias/genética , Pneumotórax/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Birt-Hogg-Dubé/genética , Síndrome de Birt-Hogg-Dubé/terapia , Dispneia , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumotórax/genética , Pneumotórax/terapia , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
J Med Case Rep ; 13(1): 283, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495337

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary spontaneous pneumothorax is a common disorder occurring in young adults without underlying lung disease. Although tobacco smoking is a well-documented risk factor for spontaneous pneumothorax, an association between electronic cigarette use (that is, vaping) and spontaneous pneumothorax has not been noted. We report a case of spontaneous pneumothoraces correlated with vaping. CASE PRESENTATION: An 18-year-old Caucasian man presented twice with recurrent right-sided spontaneous pneumothoraces within 2 weeks. He reported a history of vaping just prior to both episodes. Diagnostic testing was notable for a right-sided spontaneous pneumothorax on chest X-ray and computed tomography scan. His symptoms improved following insertion of a chest tube and drainage of air on each occasion. In the 2-week follow-up visit for the recurrent episode, he was asymptomatic and reported that he was no longer using electronic cigarettes. CONCLUSIONS: Providers and patients should be aware of the potential risk of spontaneous pneumothorax associated with electronic cigarettes.


Assuntos
Pneumotórax/etiologia , Vaping/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Tubos Torácicos , Drenagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pneumotórax/terapia , Recidiva
14.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(8)2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451468

RESUMO

Electrical injuries are a common occurrence and can be minor or even fatal depending on the voltage to which an individual has been exposed to. Electrical current causes tissue damage by producing heat due to local tissue resistance. Serious electrocution may manifest with cutaneous burns, visceral injuries, organ perforation, and cardiac and respiratory effects. Pneumothorax as a complication of electrical injury is a very rare entity. We report one such case of electrical burn injury with right-sided pneumothorax as an immediate complication.


Assuntos
Queimaduras por Corrente Elétrica/complicações , Pneumotórax , Toracentese/métodos , Adulto , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Tosse/diagnóstico , Tosse/etiologia , Dispneia/diagnóstico , Dispneia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pneumotórax/diagnóstico , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Pneumotórax/fisiopatologia , Pneumotórax/terapia , Radiografia Torácica/métodos , Cavidade Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Trop Doct ; 49(4): 311-313, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31208291

RESUMO

Iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernia is rare in children and we report a preterm low birth weight neonate with a presumably acquired diaphragmatic hernia due to trauma caused by treatment following pneumothorax.


Assuntos
Hérnia Diafragmática Traumática/diagnóstico , Hérnia Diafragmática Traumática/terapia , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Feminino , Hérnia Diafragmática Traumática/etiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pneumotórax/complicações , Pneumotórax/diagnóstico , Pneumotórax/terapia
16.
J Vet Sci ; 20(3): e25, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31161743

RESUMO

Two dogs underwent a combined laparoscopic ovariectomy and total laparoscopic gastropexy. The intra-abdominal pressure and pulmonary compliance decreased, but the peak airway pressure increased at 20 min after the start of gastropexy with intracorporeal suturing. Right chest auscultation and percussion revealed reduced breath sounds and hyper-resonance. No abnormalities in the functioning of the instruments or diaphragmatic defects were detected. The tidal volume was reduced and a positive end-expiratory pressure of 5 cmH2O was applied. The right chest of the two dogs was drained off: 950 mL (case 1) and 250 mL (case 2) of gas. After thoracentesis, the pulmonary compliance improved and surgery was completed successfully. The postoperative chest radiographs highlighted the residual right pneumothorax.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/etiologia , Gastropexia/veterinária , Laparoscopia/veterinária , Ovariectomia/veterinária , Pneumotórax/veterinária , Toracentese/veterinária , Animais , Doenças do Cão/terapia , Cães , Feminino , Gastropexia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Ovariectomia/efeitos adversos , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Pneumotórax/terapia , Volume de Ventilação Pulmonar , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 33(6): e22916, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31074534

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The retrospective study aimed to compare computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous needle biopsy (PNB) and endobronchial biopsy (EB) in the diagnosis of multifocal pulmonary lesions with endobronchial involvement. METHODS: Between November 2014 and June 2017, consecutive patients who had underwent both CT-guided PNB and EB via bronchoscopy for diagnosis of pulmonary lesions were evaluated retrospectively. Tissue samples were submitted for pathological examination, acid-fast bacilli, TB RT-PCR, and mycobacterial culture. Sensitivities of the two methods alone or in combination were calculated and compared using Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: Sixty-seven patients (46 men and 21 women) were enrolled and could be diagnosed (32 malignant, 18 TB, and 17 benign). A final diagnosis of either malignant or TB diseases was made in 34 (68.0%) patients for CT-guided PNBs, 19 (38.0%) patients for EBs, and 42 (84.0%) patients for the combination of both methods. Further statistical analysis showed significant difference in sensitivity between CT-guided PNBs, or the combination of both methods, and EBs (all P < 0.05), and no difference between CT-guided PNBs and the combination (P > 0.05). However, the combination of both methods appears to have the highest sensitivity in the detection of malignancies or TB diseases. CONCLUSION: Compared with EB, CT-guided PNB has a high diagnostic yield for the detection of TB and malignancy in patients with multifocal pulmonary lesions with endobronchial involvement. When the two biopsies are combined, it appears to provide an incremental diagnostic value for the pulmonary lesions.


Assuntos
Biópsia por Agulha/métodos , Broncoscopia/métodos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Pneumopatias/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia por Agulha/efeitos adversos , Broncoscopia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/terapia , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Pneumotórax/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tuberculose Pulmonar/patologia
19.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(5)2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064789

RESUMO

Pneumothorax management is controversial with no clear agreement for optimum management. The British Thoracic Society suggests needle aspiration first line in primary pneumothorax and the American Thoracic Society advises intercostal drain insertion. The European Respiratory Society task force also suggests needle aspiration in primary pneumothorax and adopts an overall more conservative approach. Ambulatory pneumothorax management has been described for 40 years and recommended in the 2010 British Society pleural guidelines, although overall quality of studies was poor. A new device, the Rocket Pleural Vent (PV) has been on the market for 4 years now and randomised controlled trials are under way, although there are case series suggesting efficacy and low complication rates. The PV allows ambulatory management of pneumothorax. Local guidelines have been developed and 18 devices have been placed in 6 months. We describe our experience based on a patient.


Assuntos
Tubos Torácicos , Fumar Maconha/efeitos adversos , Pneumotórax/terapia , Sucção/instrumentação , Dor no Peito , Aconselhamento Diretivo , Dispneia , Feminino , Humanos , Pneumotórax/diagnóstico , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Pneumotórax/fisiopatologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Fumantes , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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