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1.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 6990151, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35936833

RESUMO

At present, the mental health of college students in China is relatively poor. This work is aimed at analyzing the correlation between family parenting style and college students' mental health and providing a realistic basis for improving the mental health level of college students. Firstly, this work detailed the family parenting style, the influencing factors of family parenting style, and the theoretical basis of personality traits. Then, 300 college students in Anhui Province were selected as the research objects who answered the questionnaire on parenting style and the Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short for Chinese. Finally, statistical software was used to visually analyze the personality characteristics of college students, the overall situation of mental health, the impact of parents' education on college students' mental health, and the family parenting style of college students. According to the score of anxiety, the top 27% of the research objects are classified as the high-anxiety group, while the bottom 27% are classified as the low-anxiety group. The results show significant gender differences in the psychoticism and neuroticism dimensions of personality traits (P < 0.05). Besides, the educational level of parents has a certain influence on the mental health of college students, and the influence of mothers is even greater. College students feel more rejection, emotional warmth, and overprotection from mothers. Meanwhile, college students with mothers of different educational levels have significant differences in the scores of various dimensions of the mother's rearing style. However, there is no difference in this respect among college students with fathers of different educational levels. The average scores of emotional warmth from parents of the high-anxiety group are significantly lower than those of the low-anxiety group (P < 0.001). Moreover, the high-anxiety group has much lower average scores than the low-anxiety group in severe punishment, overprotection, and rejection of father and excessive interference, severe punishment, and rejection of mother (P < 0.001). There is no significant difference in their average scores of the partiality of father or mother between the high-anxiety group and the low-anxiety group. The results show that the parenting style based on personality traits has an impact on college students' mental health. This signifies that parenting style based on personality traits has an effect on college students' mental health.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Poder Familiar , Feminino , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Personalidade , Estudantes/psicologia
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954832

RESUMO

Although preterm birth constitutes a risk factor for postpartum depressive symptomatology, perinatal depression (PND) has not been investigated extensively in fathers of very low (VLBW) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. This study explored paternal depression levels at 3, 9, and 12 months of infant corrected age, investigating also the predictive role played by the severity of prematurity, maternal and paternal PND levels, and parenting stress. We recruited 153 fathers of 33 ELBW, 42 VLBW, and 78 full-term (FT) infants, respectively. Depression was investigated by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and distress by the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form-PSI-SF (Total and subscales: Parental Distress, Parent-Child Dysfunctional Interaction, and Difficult Child). ELBW fathers showed a significant decrease (improvement) in EPDS, total PSI-SF, and Parental Distress mean scores after 3 months. Paternal EPDS scores at 12 months were significantly predicted by VLBW and FT infants' birth weight categories, fathers' EPDS scores at 3 and 9 months, Parent-Child Dysfunctional Interaction subscale at 3 months, and Difficult Child subscale at 9 months. This study strengthens the relevance of including early routine screening and parenting support for fathers in perinatal health services, with particular attention to fathers who might be more vulnerable to mental health difficulties due to severely preterm birth.


Assuntos
Poder Familiar , Nascimento Prematuro , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35955038

RESUMO

Parenting children with developmental disabilities (DD) can be generally characterized by a considerable psychological burden. The effects on parental and familial psychological well-being and, consequently, on children's developmental outcomes should not be underestimated, especially in early childhood. The current review aims to advance our understanding of the key factors (e.g., formats, sample characteristics, research design) that characterize parent training interventions, and that could be related to their outcomes, to guide researchers and clinical practitioners to develop and provide efficient programs. Studies were identified via an Internet search from three electronic databases, following PRIMSA guidelines. Studies published until November 2021 were taken into account. The initial search yielded a total of 2475 studies. Among them, 101 studies were fully reviewed. Finally, ten of the studies, which met all the inclusion criteria, formed the basis for this review. Participants' characteristics, main features of the interventions (i.e., study design, structure, and contents), outcome variables and treatment efficacy were deeply examined and discussed. Key factors of parent training interventions with parents of children affected by DD are enlightened, to guide researchers and clinicians in the design and implementation of tailored specific programs, aimed to sustain parenting and foster children's developmental outcomes, from early stages of life.


Assuntos
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento , Poder Familiar , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/terapia , Humanos , Poder Familiar/psicologia
4.
Int J Public Health ; 67: 1604724, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35910430

RESUMO

Objectives: We explore the effects of the pandemic on stress, depressive symptoms and parenting practices of mothers with children aged between 24- and 30-months, residents in Santiago, Chile, and the differences between foreign-born and native-born mothers. Methods: Using data from the longitudinal project Mil Primeros Días and lagged-dependent models, we analyzed parental stress, depressive symptoms and parenting practices for native-born and foreign-born mothers. Lagged-dependent model allows us to take advantage of the longitudinal data by controlling for the previous score and baseline individual characteristics. Results: After 8 months of the pandemic, mothers of young children have more depressive symptoms, are more stressed, and show more hostility towards their children. Foreign-born mothers had 0.29 and 0.22 standard deviations (SD) more than native-born mothers in the parental distress and difficult child scales from the Parental Stress Index (PSI), respectively, and 0.17 SD more in the hostile-reactive parental behavior dimension. Conclusion: Findings suggest the need to implement policies and programs that prevent mental health deterioration for mothers, especially migrant mothers, to improve women's psychological condition and child wellness.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Mães , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Chile/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Saúde Mental , Mães/psicologia , Pandemias , Poder Familiar/psicologia
5.
Trials ; 23(1): 655, 2022 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35971178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adolescent depression can place a young person at high risk of recurrence and a range of psychosocial and vocational impairments in adult life, highlighting the importance of early recognition and prevention. Parents/carers are well placed to notice changes in their child's emotional wellbeing which may indicate risk, and there is increasing evidence that modifiable factors exist within the family system that may help reduce the risk of depression and anxiety in an adolescent. A randomised controlled trial (RCT) of the online personalised 'Partners in Parenting' programme developed in Australia, focused on improving parenting skills, knowledge and awareness, showed that it helped reduce depressive symptoms in adolescents who had elevated symptom levels at baseline. We have adapted this programme and will conduct an RCT in a UK setting. METHODS: In total, 433 family dyads (parents/carers and children aged 11-15) will be recruited through schools, social media and parenting/family groups in the UK. Following completion of screening measures of their adolescent's depressive symptoms, parents/carers of those with elevated scores will be randomised to receive either the online personalised parenting programme or a series of online factsheets about adolescent development and wellbeing. The primary objective will be to test whether the personalised parenting intervention reduces depressive symptoms in adolescents deemed at high risk, using the parent-reported Short Mood & Feelings Questionnaire. Follow-up assessments will be undertaken at 6 and 15 months and a process evaluation will examine context, implementation and impact of the intervention. An economic evaluation will also be incorporated with cost-effectiveness of the parenting intervention expressed in terms of incremental cost per quality-adjusted life year gained. DISCUSSION: Half of mental health problems emerge before mid-adolescence and approximately three-quarters by mid-20s, highlighting the need for effective preventative strategies. However, few early interventions are family focused and delivered online. We aim to conduct a National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) funded RCT of the online personalised 'Partners in Parenting' programme, proven effective in Australia, targeting adolescents at risk of depression to evaluate its effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and usability in a UK setting. TRIAL REGISTRATION {2A}: ISRCTN63358736 . Registered 18 September 2019.


Assuntos
Poder Familiar , Pais , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Criança , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Transtornos do Humor , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
6.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 13594, 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35948593

RESUMO

Chinese first-born children need to learn how to get along with their siblings after the implementation of the universal two-child policy in 2016. We investigated the relationships between temperament, parenting style, and psychological adjustment among firstborns. The current study employed a questionnaire survey conducted in four regions in China. A total of 524 Chinese two-child families participated in the study; the firstborns were between 3 and 8 years old and their younger siblings were between 1 month and 5 years old. The results indicated that (1) children's temperament subscales were significantly related to parenting style subscales and psychological adaptation. Moreover, the parenting style subscales were significantly related to psychological adaptation, and (2) authoritarian parenting partially mediated the relationship between approach or withdrawal and psychological adjustment.


Assuntos
Poder Familiar , Temperamento , Adaptação Psicológica , Ordem de Nascimento , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Irmãos
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954562

RESUMO

In the present study, the attributions of socially and economically disadvantaged mothers for their own negative parenting behavior and for their children's undesirable behaviors as perceived by parents-understood as misbehavior-were analyzed. To this end, an exploratory study with a qualitative design was developed, in which 24 socially and economically disadvantaged mothers were individually interviewed. The data were analyzed following a thematic analysis approach, using software suited to qualitative analysis, namely NVIVO 12. The children's undesirable behaviors as perceived by parents and some characteristics associated with parental performance (particularly the appraisal of the effectiveness of their negative practices) emerged respectively as external and internal factors, explaining mothers' inadaptive behaviors-difficulties in behavior regulation, physical coercion, psychological control and paraverbal hostility. The parental subsystem and school emerged as the main external factors, and the psychological characteristics as the most relevant internal factors, explaining the children's undesirable behaviors-challenge, immaturity, hostility, emotionally-based, school behavior/absenteeism and danger. The results also indicate weak self-critical reflexivity regarding some of the inadaptive behaviors. The comprehensive analysis of the results, based on the literature review, gave rise to an explanatory hypothesis on the dysfunctional circular process regarding the maintenance of inadaptive practices and children's undesirable behaviors, considering the role played by parental attributions and by insufficient parental reflexivity.


Assuntos
Mães , Poder Familiar , Criança , Feminino , Hostilidade , Humanos , Comportamento Materno/psicologia , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Percepção Social
8.
Eur J Psychotraumatol ; 13(1): 2088935, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35789082

RESUMO

Background: Exposure to adversity, trauma, and negative family environments can prematurely shorten telomeres, the protective caps at the ends of chromosomes. Conversely, some evidence indicates that positive environments and psychosocial interventions can buffer the shortening of telomere length (TL). However, most work has examined individual aspects of the family environment as predictive of TL with little work investigating multiple risk and protective factors. Further, most research has not examined parent TL relative to child TL despite its heritability. Objective: In the current study, we examined interparental conflict, positive parenting, alcohol use, adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), and a family-based intervention as predictive of parent TL. We also examined interparental conflict, positive parenting, ACEs, and a family-based intervention as predictive of child TL. Method: Parents and adolescents from a sample of divorced families participated in either a 10-session family-based intervention, the New Beginnings Programme (NBP), or a 2-week active control condition. Approximately six years after the intervention, a subsample of parents (n = 45) and adolescents (n = 41) were assessed for TL. Parents reported on interparental conflict, ACEs, and alcohol use. Children reported on interparental conflict, positive parenting, and ACEs. In separate models, these constructs and the NBP intervention condition were examined as predictors of parent TL and child TL. Results: Findings indicated that the family-based intervention was associated with longer TL in parents. Also, positive parenting was associated with longer TL in children. Conclusions: These findings have important implications for the role of the family and family-based preventive interventions in buffering parent and child biological stress. HIGHLIGHTS: Across multiple indices of psychosocial functioning, we found a family-based intervention associated with longer telomere length in parents and positive parenting associated with longer telomere length in children.


Antecedentes: La exposición a la adversidad, el trauma y los entornos familiares negativos pueden acortar prematuramente los telómeros, las tapas protectoras en los extremos de los cromosomas. Por el contrario, algunas pruebas indican que los entornos positivos y las intervenciones psicosociales pueden amortiguar el acortamiento de la longitud de los telómeros (LT). Sin embargo, la mayor parte del trabajo ha examinado aspectos individuales del entorno familiar como predictivo de LT con pocos trabajos que investiguen múltiples factores de riesgo y protección. Además, la mayoría de las investigaciones no han examinado la LT de los padres en relación con la LT del niño a pesar de su heredabilidad.Objetivo: En el estudio actual, examinamos el conflicto interparental, la crianza positiva, el consumo de alcohol, las experiencias infantiles adversas (ACE, por sus siglas en inglés) y una intervención basada en la familia como predictores de LT de los padres. También examinamos el conflicto interparental, la crianza positiva, las ACE y una intervención basada en la familia como predictores de LT infantil.Método: Los padres y los adolescentes de una muestra de familias divorciadas participaron en una intervención familiar de 10 sesiones, el nombre de la intervención está oculto para su revisión, o en una condición de control activo de 2 semanas. Aproximadamente seis años después de la intervención, se evaluó la longitud de los telómeros en una submuestra de padres (n = 45) y adolescentes (n = 41). Los padres informaron sobre conflictos entre padres, ACE y consumo de alcohol. Los niños informaron sobre conflictos entre padres, crianza positiva y ACE. En modelos separados, estos constructos y la condición de intervención nombre oculto para su revisión se examinaron como predictores de LT de padres y LT de niños.Resultados: Los hallazgos indicaron que la intervención basada en la familia se asoció con una LT más prolongada en los padres. Además, la crianza positiva se asoció con una LT más prolongada en los niños.Conclusiones: Estos hallazgos tienen implicaciones importantes para el papel de la familia y las intervenciones preventivas basadas en la familia para amortiguar el estrés biológico de padres e hijos.


Assuntos
Poder Familiar , Pais , Adolescente , Criança , Divórcio , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Humanos , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Telômero/genética
9.
PLoS One ; 17(7): e0271486, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35895666

RESUMO

This study explores the difference in child emotion regulation (ER) and parenting between a heterogeneous clinical sample (ClinS) and a community sample (ComS). We hypothesized that parents of the ClinS would report more dysfunctional child ER and more dysfunctional parenting regarding the child's negative emotions than parents of the ComS. Further, we aimed to predict child ER by parenting behavior, parents' ER, and mental health. Parents of children and adolescents (aged 6-18 years) seeking treatment at an outpatient clinic were compared to a matched sample of parents in a ComS (n = 57 each group). As predicted, the children in the clinical group were reported to use less reappraisal and more suppression than ComS children. No difference was found in dysfunctional emotion parenting between the groups. Reappraisal in parents and supportive reactions to negative emotions predicted reappraisal in children. No predictor was found for child suppression. Child emotion regulation and parents' psychopathology were not associated. These results could suggest new elements for prevention and intervention programs with parents concerning their own emotion regulation and their reaction to negative emotions in children.


Assuntos
Regulação Emocional , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Emoções/fisiologia , Humanos , Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia
10.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(7): 960-965, 2022 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35899349

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the influence of differential parenting in early life on the physical and mental health of middle-aged and elderly women, and analyze the mediating effect of early life health. Methods: Based on 8 204 women aged 45-84 years from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in 2018, the life course survey data of CHARLS 2014 were matched by ID number. Logistic regression analysis models were used to analyze the direct impact of differential parenting in early life on chronic diseases and depression of middle-aged and elderly women, and the KHB method was used to analyze the mediating effect of early life health. Results: The prevalence of chronic diseases in middle-aged and elderly women was 81.05% and the detection rate of depression among them was 41.46%. After adjusting for other confounding factors, parents' preference for boys in early life increased the possibility of chronic diseases of middle-aged and elderly women by 18.2% (OR=1.182, 95%CI: 1.013-1.381). Compared with the women whose parents had no differential upbringing in early life, the parents' preference for boys or brothers/sisters in early life increased the possibility of depression in middle-aged and elderly women by 16.1% (OR=1.161, 95%CI:1.030-1.309) and 17.4% (OR=1.174, 95%CI:1.032-1.336),respectly. Early life health was one of the mediating factors that parents' preference for brothers and sisters could affect the mental health status of middle-aged and elderly women, and the mediating effect accounted for 8.603% of the total effect. Conclusion: Differential parenting in early life may have an impact on the physical and mental health of middle-aged and elderly women. Differential parenting could affect the early life health status of women, and then affect the mental health in their middle and old age.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Poder Familiar , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Poder Familiar/psicologia
11.
J Exp Child Psychol ; 223: 105490, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35792509

RESUMO

The correlation between parenting style and child cognitive development has been widely documented in Western societies. There has been far less research, however, in non-Western societies and none at all in rural China. This study aimed to investigate the association between parenting style and child cognitive development in rural China. Participants were 1272 preschool-aged children and their primary caregivers. Children were 49 to 65 months old (51% male), and all were ethnically Han. Primary caregivers reported their parenting style, and children were assessed on their cognitive skills. Two alternative approaches (two dimensions and four categories) were used to examine the correlation between parenting style and child cognitive development. The results show a positive correlation between an authoritative parenting style and child cognitive development and show a negative correlation between an authoritarian parenting style and development. When the mother is the primary caregiver, more educated, or from a wealthier family, she is more likely to use an authoritative parenting style and less likely to use an authoritarian one. In addition, the authoritative style has a stronger correlation with the cognitive developmental outcomes of girls than of boys. The findings encourage researchers to conduct future work on how to implement parenting training interventions that are able to ascertain whether parents in rural China can be taught to adopt an authoritative parenting style. Future research should also seek to identify whether an authoritative parenting style produces (in a causal manner) any significant long-term benefits to the cognitive development of children in rural China.


Assuntos
Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia
12.
Subst Use Misuse ; 57(10): 1552-1562, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35819030

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Parenting stress is often heightened in mothers receiving treatment for substance use. Experiences of trauma are commonly seen in this population, which may give rise to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms, including intrusion, avoidance, negative cognition and mood, and affective arousal. While past research has demonstrated a significant relation between PTSD symptoms and parenting stress, no studies have examined the relative contributions of these symptoms to parenting stress in mothers engaged in substance use treatment. METHODS: Seventy-four mothers attending outpatient substance use treatment who were parenting children aged 0-3 years completed measures of parenting stress, PTSD, substance use, and depression symptoms. RESULTS: A canonical correlation analysis indicated two canonical variates accounting for significant variance between PTSD symptom clusters and parenting stress measures. The first canonical variate, primarily reflecting depressive and PTSD cognition and mood symptoms, was predominantly related to the parental distress aspect of parenting stress (40%). The second canonical variate, primarily reflecting intrusion and avoidance PTSD symptoms, was associated with increased parental perceptions of their child as difficult (10%). CONCLUSION: Future research directions and clinical implications of these results are discussed for designing parenting interventions with mothers attending substance use treatment who present with PTSD symptoms.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/complicações , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/complicações , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Síndrome
13.
BMC Pediatr ; 22(1): 460, 2022 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35909122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Constipation is one of the common symptoms in childhood. The prevalence of FC is about 0.5% to 32% and still on the rise according to global statistics. The aim of this study is to explore the associations between family-related factors (e.g., parental conflict, parenting style, and parent-child relationship) and functional constipation of preschool children based on family system theory. METHODS: The study is a case-control survey of preschoolers in China. In total, 108 preschoolers with functional constipation diagnosed with pediatric Rome IV criteria and 324 healthy examination preschoolers without functional constipation were enrolled in the study. Parents completed the following 5 instruments: General information questionnaire, the Parental Conflict Scale, the Parenting Style Questionnaire, the Child-parent Relationship Scale and the Children's Emotional Adjustment Scale-Preschool Version. RESULTS: Nine categories of factors which significantly predicted functional constipation in preschoolers were retained in the final logistic regression model: Second child in birth order (OR = 0.456; 95% CI, 0.229 to 0.910), children picky eating (OR = 2.936; 95% CI, 1.133 to 7.611), bad bowel habits (OR = 2.896; 95% CI, 1.391 to 6.028), parental history of constipation (OR = 3.259; 95% CI, 1.600 to 6.639), parents blaming the child for having a bad bowel movement (OR = 3.788; 95% CI, 1.391 to 10.318), more than 3 h of fathers-child interaction time per day (OR = 0.137; 95% CI, 0.024 to 0.778), parental conflict (OR = 1.981; 95% CI, 0.950 to 3.831), doting or authoritarian parenting style (OR = 1.644; 95% CI, 1.067 to 2.534, OR = 2.481; 95% CI, 1.362 to 4.519), and anxiety control or temper control in children (OR = 0.492; 95% CI, 0.303 to 0.799, OR = 0.189; 95% CI, 0.103 to 0.348). CONCLUSIONS: This study identified the significant associations between family-related factors and functional constipation in preschool children, which provide implications for healthcare professionals to address functional constipation in early childhood using a preventive lens.


Assuntos
Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Constipação Intestinal/diagnóstico , Constipação Intestinal/epidemiologia , Constipação Intestinal/etiologia , Humanos , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
J Psychopathol Clin Sci ; 131(6): 588-597, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35901390

RESUMO

The present study is focused on anger expression and regulation within the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) construct of Frustrative Nonreward. Although previous studies have examined associations between child anger regulation and expression, these studies do not directly address the dynamic processes involved in Frustrative Nonreward using microlongitudinal methods. The current study used data from 561 adopted children, their adoptive parents, and birth parents and aimed to address gaps in the literature by examining: (a) temporal associations between anger expression during a frustrating situation, and behaviors thought to regulate emotions (e.g., attempt-to-escape, support-seeking, distraction, and focus-on-restraint) on a microlongitudinal scale during an arm restraint task assessed at 27 months; (b) birth parent externalizing problems and overreactive parenting by adoptive parents as predictors of child anger expression and moderators of the moment-to-moment associations estimated in Step 1; and (c) longitudinal associations (linear vs. quadratic) between anger expressions and externalizing behaviors at 4.5 years. Findings indicated that children's attempt-to-escape and support-seeking predicted an increase in anger expression in the following 3-s interval, whereas distraction and focus-on-restraint were not associated with changes in anger expression. Furthermore, we found that birth parents' externalizing problems were significantly associated with child anger expression, suggesting heritable influences. Anger expression showed a U-shaped longitudinal association with paternal report of externalizing behaviors at 4.5 years. Taken together, the findings emphasize the significance of integrating microlongitudinal analysis approaches into the RDoC framework, helping to advance our understanding of dynamic processes underlying reactions to Frustrative Nonreward. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Ira , Poder Familiar , Pré-Escolar , Emoções , Humanos , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais
15.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 4082381, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35854940

RESUMO

Family's academic cognition influences the family's academic concept, rearing fashion, and academic participation. It is no longer solely associated to kid's bodily and intellectual development; however, additionally associated to household concord and social progress. With the development of the times, the complicated traits of training proceed to pose new challenges to parents. Exploring the composition and operation mechanism of family training decision-making cognition is envisioned to stop up the key to promote parents' orderly coaching participation and home university cooperation. However, the associated lookup of usual cognitive mannequin has terrible steadiness and prediction charge in focus results. This paper constructs a cognitive model of family training decision-making principally based totally on neural network. Through the assessment of relevant data, they have an effect of the cognitive model of family coaching decision-making mainly based totally on neural neighborhood evaluated from the accuracy, root suggest rectangular error RMSE, and AUC curve. The experimental effects exhibit that the prediction accuracy of the cognitive mannequin of household training decision-making primarily based on neural community is 15% greater than that of the standard model, and the cognitive balance of the mannequin is 8.2%. This paper demonstrates the effectiveness, feasibility, and practicability of the mannequin in realistic teaching.


Assuntos
Sucesso Acadêmico , Cognição , Tomada de Decisões , Modelos Educacionais , Redes Neurais de Computação , Poder Familiar , Escolaridade , Família/psicologia , Humanos , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia
16.
17.
Trials ; 23(1): 588, 2022 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35870942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maternal substance use disorder (SUD) represents a risk condition for quality of parenting and child development. The current literature highlights the need to identify interventions that effectively enhance the quality of parenting and to better understand which mechanisms are involved in the process of change. The present study protocol describes a randomized wait-list controlled trial that aims to examine (1) the efficacy of the Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD) in improving the quality of parenting (i.e., sensitive parenting and sensitive discipline) in mothers with SUD, (2) whether the intervention affects parental cognitive mechanisms (i.e., attentional disengagement to infant negative emotions, inhibitory control confronted with children's affective expression, and parental reflective functioning), and (3) whether changes in these processes act as mechanisms of change, mediating the effect of the VIPP-SD program on quality of parenting. Moreover, the study aims (4) to explore whether the VIPP-SD has an effect on parenting stress and (5) to compare mothers with SUD to low-risk mothers on the outcome measures. METHODS: The study will involve 40 mothers with SUD and 20 low-risk mothers of children aged between 14 months and 6 years old. Mothers in the SUD group will be randomly divided into two groups, one receiving the intervention (SUD experimental group) and one undergoing treatment as usual (SUD control group). All the mothers will be assessed pre-test and post-test. Quality of parenting will be assessed through observed parenting behaviors, whereas parental cognitive mechanisms will be assessed through neuropsychological tasks and self-report measures. DISCUSSION: The results of the study will reveal whether an intervention that has been proven effective in other at-risk samples is also effective in improving parenting behaviors in the context of SUD. The results will also provide insight into potential cognitive mechanisms involved in the process of change. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN registry ISRCTN63070968 . Registered on 25 June 2021. Retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Poder Familiar , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Criança , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Mães , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/diagnóstico , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia
18.
Trials ; 23(1): 589, 2022 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35870944

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe mental disorder characterized by an unstable sense of self, intense and rapidly changing affect, as well as impulsive and self-destructive behaviors. Interpersonal relationships of individuals with BPD are characterized by marked instability, a lack of dependability, and quick changes between love and hate. For children of individuals with BPD, this can lead to permanent stress and attachment insecurity and an increased risk of adverse physical and mental health development. To reduce dysfunctional parenting and improve positive parenting, and in turn, to promote healthy child development, a group intervention for mothers with BPD was developed. This study aims to evaluate this first disorder-specific parenting intervention for BPD in a randomized controlled trial. METHOD: In a parallel-group, two-arm, randomized controlled trial, an initial N = 178 mothers diagnosed with BPD and their children aged 6 months to 6 years are assigned to either the parenting intervention or a waiting control group. If taking place, participants of both groups continue their regular treatment for BPD diagnosis (e.g., individual therapy, medication). The primary outcomes are changes in parenting from baseline (day 0) to post intervention (week 12) and follow-up (6 months after group intervention; month 9). The waiting control group can attend the group intervention at the end of all assessments. Participants allocated to the intervention group are expected to show improvement in their parenting and a reduction in child abuse potential. Maternal emotion regulation and mental distress are analyzed as secondary outcomes. DISCUSSION: Mothers with BPD may need tailored help when reporting difficulties raising their children. The first disorder-specific parenting intervention has been developed to close this gap. ProChild is part of a large government-supported consortium, which aims to investigate different aspects of abuse and maltreatment in childhood and adolescence. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04169048 . Registered on Nov 19, 2019.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline , Filho de Pais Incapacitados , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/diagnóstico , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/terapia , Criança , Filho de Pais Incapacitados/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Grupos Controle , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Mães/psicologia , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fator de Transcrição Sp1
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mindful parenting and the use of technology for parenting intervention have expanded separately from one another with promising results, but their relationship is underexplored. The current study protocol proposes a new universal intervention via app, MINd Us TOghether (MinUTo), based on mindful parenting for parents of typically developing children of 4-5 years of age. METHODS: The effect of the intervention is evaluated using a randomised controlled trial. Around 2000 parents are enrolled and randomised to the intervention and control groups. Data are collected in three different waves from parents at baseline and endline; APP usage data allow for the analysis of intervention adherence. The MinUTo app proposes contents and activities for five dimensions of mindful parenting. Each dimension is presented within a two-week distance, explaining its importance, providing information, and offering activities for parents and children. EXPECTED RESULTS: We hypothesise a positive effect of the intervention on primary outcomes (mindful parenting, parenting stress, parent behaviours and parental time investment), increasing parents' skills and promoting a positive parent-child relationship. We also test possible effects on secondary outcomes (parenting attitudes and beliefs) at an explorative level. CONCLUSIONS: The study will add new considerations about the psychological and economic impact of technologies in implementing parenting interventions in non-clinical populations.


Assuntos
Atenção Plena , Poder Familiar , Criança , Educação Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805226

RESUMO

Postpartum mental health symptoms are associated with parenting difficulties, which have negative consequences for child development. Interventions for young mothers should target their mental health problems and parenting difficulties. Mindful with Your Baby (MwyB) is an intervention for parents, with a baby, who experience (mental) health problems and/or stress or insecurity in parenting. This study seeks to replicate previous effects of MwyB regarding mindfulness, mindful parenting, maternal (mental) health (psychological distress, depressive mood, physical health complaints) and parenting outcomes (parenting stress, parental self-efficacy, bonding), and gain insight into the working mechanisms of the training. Mothers with babies aged 1-18 months (n = 61) completed questionnaires at waitlist, pretest, posttest, and 8-week follow-up. No significant differences were seen between the waitlist and pretest. Significant improvements in all outcomes were shown in the posttest (except for physical health complaints) and follow-up, compared to the pretest. Improvements in depressive symptoms and physical health complaints were dependent on improvements in mindfulness. Improvements in parental self-efficacy were dependent on improvements in mindful parenting. Improvements in some (mental) health and parenting outcomes seemed to be bidirectional. The results suggest that both mindfulness and mindful parenting are important for mothers who experience psychological distress and/or stress or insecurity in parenting their babies.


Assuntos
Atenção Plena , Poder Familiar , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Saúde Mental , Atenção Plena/métodos , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
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