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1.
JAMA ; 323(13): 1319, 2020 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32259232
3.
Lancet ; 395(10219): 182-183, 2020 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954453
4.
J Homosex ; 67(2): 206-222, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30407889

RESUMO

This qualitative study explores identity formation in LGBT+ Singaporean adolescents, and how reading, writing, and listening to poetry shapes Singaporean adolescents' social identities as queer people. Analyzing in-depth interviews with nine LGBT+ Singaporean adolescents, four themes were found: (1) LGBT+ Singaporean adolescents interested in poetry believe that reading, writing, and/or listening to poetry has been an integral part of constructing their queer identities; (2) the poems that have impacted LGBT+ Singaporean adolescents' queer identities the most have been informed by queer sociocultural values; (3) poetry provides validation to LGBT+ Singaporean adolescents that their identities are real and that others before them have experienced the same challenges they are going through; and (4) poetry serves as a third space for LGBT+ Singaporean adolescents to safely construct their growing queer identities. Implications for teachers, counselors, and adult supporters of queer Singaporean adolescents are discussed, and recommendations for future research are provided.


Assuntos
Poesia como Assunto , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Identificação Social , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Adulto Jovem
5.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0225757, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31834884

RESUMO

Previous research shows conflicting findings for the effect of font readability on comprehension and memory for language. It has been found that-perhaps counterintuitively-a hard to read font can be beneficial for language comprehension, especially for difficult language. Here we test how font readability influences the subjective experience of poetry reading. In three experiments we tested the influence of poem difficulty and font readability on the subjective experience of poems. We specifically predicted that font readability would have opposite effects on the subjective experience of easy versus difficult poems. Participants read poems which could be more or less difficult in terms of conceptual or structural aspects, and which were presented in a font that was either easy or more difficult to read. Participants read existing poems and subsequently rated their subjective experience (measured through four dependent variables: overall liking, perceived flow of the poem, perceived topic clarity, and perceived structure). In line with previous literature we observed a Poem Difficulty x Font Readability interaction effect for subjective measures of poetry reading. We found that participants rated easy poems as nicer when presented in an easy to read font, as compared to when presented in a hard to read font. Despite the presence of the interaction effect, we did not observe the predicted opposite effect for more difficult poems. We conclude that font readability can influence reading of easy and more difficult poems differentially, with strongest effects for easy poems.


Assuntos
Poesia como Assunto , Leitura , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estimulação Luminosa , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
7.
Acad Psychiatry ; 43(6): 651, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713074

RESUMO

Trauamatic experiences are often difficult to validate. The poem describes an episode where such validation was possible, through the use of film from childhood.


Assuntos
Ferimentos e Lesões , Criança , Humanos , Poesia como Assunto , Ferimentos e Lesões/psicologia
8.
Gac Med Mex ; 155(5): 559-562, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695235

RESUMO

The works of Argentinian scholar Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986) have captivated physicians. An assiduous reader, he was given, with magnificent irony, "books and the night". Borges suffered from chronic and irreversible blindness, which influenced much of his work and has been the subject of different literary and diagnostic analyses from the ophthalmological point of view. However, the characteristics of his visual impairment have escaped the neurological approach, which is why we reviewed his work looking for data suggesting a concomitant brain injury. On his autobiography, he recounts how, during an episode of septicemia, he suffered hallucinations and loss of speech; in addition, in some poems and essays he describes data that suggest "phantom chromatopsia", a lesion of cortical origin. After that accident, Borges survived with a radical change in literary style. Although a precise diagnosis is impossible, his literary work allows recognizing some elements in favor of concomitant brain involvement.


Assuntos
Cegueira/história , Medicina na Literatura/história , Poesia como Assunto/história , Argentina , Autobiografias como Assunto , Cegueira/etiologia , Traumatismos Cranianos Penetrantes/complicações , Traumatismos Cranianos Penetrantes/história , História do Século XX , Bibliotecas/história
9.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(4): 451-460, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767806

RESUMO

Current writing is a tribute of respect, on the occasion of his 80th birthday, to professor László Tringer. In a somewhat unusual way, instead of a bouquet of 80 flowers, a bunch of 80 limericks is presented for him with compliments. The origin of the idea is that professor Tringer himself also writes poems and rhymes in his leasure time. The celebrated professor is an eminently recognized person in the profession, and he is one of the founding fathers of modern psychiatry in Hungary. After receiving the diploma in medical sciences, he has obtained one in psychology and in theology as well. Beside other qualifications he has specializations in psychiatry, neurology, clinical pharmacology, clinical psychology, psychotherapy, addictology and geriatry. Thanks to the providence, the author of the current writing has many common and unforgettable experiences with him. The 80 limericks on the one hand refer to these mutual memories and on the other hand reflect the author's subjective observations on some areas of the society, life situations, character depictions, psychiatry, other medical professions, mental functions, the brain's structural and neurochemical features, and several hints for life conduct. It is assumed that professor Tringer may not necessarily agree with all of these opinions. Nevertheless, these might serve as a basis for further mutual (and for him now over 80 years) inspiring consultations and intellectual adventures.


Assuntos
Poesia como Assunto , Psiquiatria , História do Século XX , Humanos , Hungria , Neurologia , Psiquiatria/história , Psicoterapia
10.
Nurs Leadersh (Tor Ont) ; 32(2): 46-47, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613213

RESUMO

In this poem, the author considers healthcare technology from the perspective of the patient, and of the nurse.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica/métodos , Poesia como Assunto , Tecnologia Biomédica/normas , Humanos
12.
Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh ; 16(1)2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430253

RESUMO

Aims and Objectives To explore student nurse and educator perspectives on the use of poetry writing as a way to reflect on important nursing practice issues. Background Reflective practice is a well-established method of learning in pre-registration nurse education although student nurses can find reflection a challenging process. Design An exploratory descriptive approach. Methods Data were extracted from unstructured interviews with students and educators (n = 12) from one university in the North-West region of England, United Kingdom (UK). Data were thematically analysed. Results Poetry writing supports a meaningful exploration of events, which have the potential to lead to changes in perspective. Careful planning of the poetry writing process is required, to ensure the potential of this approach is realised. Conclusion Poetry writing is an effective way to reflect on clinical practice. This work has relevance and transferability to a wide range of professional disciplines, where reflective practice is encouraged.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Poesia como Assunto , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Redação , Currículo , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Inglaterra , Humanos , Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem
13.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 87-97, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417000

RESUMO

The study focuses on two features of Sylvia Plath's poetry that may be directly linked to her illness, her mask poetry and her female Bildung, where the former is informed by her sense of plural selfhood, while the latter gives account of the failures of her creative self-constructions. Although no direct connection can be set up between life and work even in the case of a confessional poet, it is probably safe to claim that multiple personality may manifest in a plural poetic self, while the Self developing in Bildung narratives contradicts the idea of a split personality. Enikô Bollobás explores the heteroclite diversity of artistic vision through discussing the pluralism of poetic masks and identities, insisting that, in the spirit of late modernism, no self-interpretive frame exists for Plath, one that would hold together the diverse identities. The long poems and poem cycles give narratives of female Bildung, portraying the woman's diverse attempts to break out of the traps of patriarchy; some of these are failed attempts, yet others offer allegories of the poet's creative self-constructions.


Assuntos
Pessoas Famosas , Transtornos Mentais/história , Poesia como Assunto/história , Criatividade , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos
14.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 98-112, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417001

RESUMO

The two poets, an American Sylvia Plath and a Hungarian, Attila József were separated by a quarter of century of time, they lived and worked in different spaces, cultures, but both created in their poetry a radically new style of self-expression, called confessional poetry. The "Belated Lament" of Attila József was written in 1936, and in the following year its author - after repeated earlier attempts - committed suicide. The "Daddy" of Sylvia Plath was written in 1962. She, again, after several attempts, killed herself the following year. They both talk about the powerful effect of the disruptive effect of unresolved Oedipal memories, both are deeply concerned with mourning of the Oedipal other a father and a mother (who died several decades before), and they also construct the death of their own. They both present themselves as an unsuccessful Oedipus and articulate a disturbing and disruptive arrival to Kolonos.


Assuntos
Ego , Pessoas Famosas , Poesia como Assunto/história , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Hungria , Masculino , Complexo de Édipo , Suicídio/história , Estados Unidos , Redação/história
15.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 131-140, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417003

RESUMO

AIM: The purpose of this present paper is to demonstrate the biographical antecedents and the adverse childhood experiences, which might have possibly contributed to those ambivalent feelings which can be observed in Sylvia Plath's confessional art in relation to her parents. METHOD: Biographical-, document- and artistic analyzes. The analyzed artistic pieces are the following: Johnny Panic and the Bible of Dreams, The Bell Jar, Collected poems (from The Colossus and Ariel books) and the Journals by Sylvia Plath. The reconstruction of the biography was conducted based on international textbooks. RESULTS: Sylvia Plath at the age of 30, on the 12th of October, 1962 wrote her famous poem, Daddy, which starts with these lines: "You do not do, you do not do /Any more, black shoe/In which I have lived like a foot For thirty years, poor and white,/Barely daring to breathe or Achoo. Daddy, I have had to kill you./You died before I had time/Marble-heavy, a bag full of God/Ghastly statue with one gray toe/Big as a Frisco seal/And a head in the freakish Atlantic /Where it pours bean green over blue/In the waters off beautiful Nauset./I used to pray to recover you. /Ach, du Dreck." A couple of months later, on the 11th of February 1963. Sylvia Plath committed suicide. Her journal entries and her works all testified that the emotional relationship with her parents significantly contributed to her genuine art and at the same time to the onset of her psychiatric illness. According to her journals, Sylvia Plath reported hate and ambivalent feelings several times to her psychiatrists. It is very likely, that the illness and death of Otto Plath and the emotional crises afterwards might have been that primary experience that might have exercised an adverse effect on Sylvia's life, and what have been composed very vividly in the poem called Daddy. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the analyzes of the biography, the journals and the poems, it can be stated, that the adverse childhood experiences, Sylvia had to experience during her father's illness, after his death, and during the restructuring of the family system are vital in the understanding of Sylvia Plath's art and her psychopathology.


Assuntos
Ira , Pessoas Famosas , Literatura Moderna/história , Transtornos Mentais/história , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Poesia como Assunto/história , Psicopatologia , Suicídio/história
16.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 141-159, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417004

RESUMO

The relationship of two, equally talented poets, as it can have whether a beneficient or inhibitory effect on both person's creative processes, is informative in a 'literature psychological' way. The present study aims to analyse the marriage of the poets Sylvia Plath and Ted Hughes. Sylvia Plath's life was directed by several dualities; her polarized perspective, being likely the result of her psychiatric illness, has taken control over every area of her life. Although, its most important duality is in connexion with the laureate British poet, Ted Hughes: she idealized and hated the man - being both her love and spouse - at the same time. Their marriage, fecundating the poetry of both, has led to a tempestuous ending. Soon after, the young Sylvia took her own life, and the public - more or less implicitly stating - blames it on Ted Hughes. In the present study we tend to give a literature psychological analysis of their relationship, based on their autobiographical works and, focused on the stages leading to the crisis, to question whether the personality of Plath could have an effect on the ending of their marriage? Could these phenomena have contributed to the early death of Sylvia Plath - and, especially, what was Ted Hughes's role in this process?


Assuntos
Pessoas Famosas , Casamento/história , Casamento/psicologia , Poesia como Assunto/história , Suicídio/história , Suicídio/psicologia , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino , Personalidade
17.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 199-213, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417008

RESUMO

The study deals with the psychiatric treatment of the writer with a tragic fate, Sylvia Plath. Sylvia's treatment began with electroconvulsive therapy for suicidal thoughts at the age of 20 and soon afterended up in hospital for an attempted suicide with sleeping pills to McLean Hospital.Her treatment was trusted on Doctor Ruth Beuscher with whom she's been remaining in touch directlyor indirectly (phone, mail) all her life. At the age of 30 she passed away committing suicide at her flatin London after having been treated with antidepressant for her assumably psychotic depression.In the article we provide an insight to the main therapeutic events of Sylvia's treatment and invitethe colleagues for an imaginary experiment based on modern knowledge and family system approach with a trauma focus (on theory of structural dissociation)- hoping it provides us with a conclusionto use in the treatment of suicidal patients.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Transtorno Depressivo/terapia , Poesia como Assunto/história , Suicídio/história , Suicídio/psicologia , Eletroconvulsoterapia , Feminino , Pesar , História do Século XX , Humanos , Ideação Suicida , Suicídio/prevenção & controle
18.
Hum Resour Health ; 17(1): 64, 2019 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391060

RESUMO

Violence is a public health issue. It is the consequence of a complex set of interacting political, social, and economic factors firmly rooted in past and current injustice. South Africa remains one of the most unequal countries in the world, and in some areas, the rates of violence are comparable to a country that is at war. Increasingly, paramedics working in high-risk areas of Cape Town are being caught in the crossfire, and in 2018, there was an attack on a paramedic crew nearly every week. These attacks are a symptom of much deeper, complex societal issues. Clearly, we require new approaches to better understand the complexity as we collectively find a way forward. It is in this context that we are collaborating with paramedics, poets, and filmmakers to tell human stories from the frontline thereby bringing the lived experiences of healthcare workers into policy making processes. In this commentary, we share a series of poems and a poetry-film that form part of a larger body of work focused on the safety of paramedics, to catalyze discussion about the possibilities that arts-based methods offer us as we seek to better understand and engage with complex social issues that have a direct impact on the health system.


Assuntos
Pessoal Técnico de Saúde , Exposição à Violência , Política de Saúde , Filmes Cinematográficos , Exposição Ocupacional , Poesia como Assunto , Humanos , África do Sul , Análise de Sistemas , Teoria de Sistemas
19.
Perm J ; 232019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314715

RESUMO

The arts are making their mark in science, technology, engineering, arts, and mathematics/medicine (STEAM). Integrating creative expression-poetry and other visual and performing arts-can help clinicians, scientists, and others use familiar social constructs to embody science and medicine, in what may be termed poetic science. Poetic science imbues bidirectional reflections of science and medicine on the clinician or scientist or other inquisitor, creatively engaging the learner's brain cells as mirrors. This ultimately leads to a subjective perspective on the understanding or the proposition of underlying principles. Such an approach is encouraged here with poignant examples that can be accessed publicly online and used widely by readers, teachers, learners, clinicians, scientists, students, and others.


Assuntos
Medicina nas Artes , Poesia como Assunto , Ciência , Criatividade , Humanos , Redação
20.
Ann Sci ; 76(2): 157-183, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31339454

RESUMO

Abel Evans's poem Vertumnus (1713) celebrates Jacob Bobart the Younger, second keeper of the Oxford Physick Garden (now the Oxford University Botanic Garden), as a model monarch to his botanical subjects. This paper takes Vertumnus as a point of departure from which to explore the early history of the Physick Garden (founded 1621), situating botanical collections and collecting spaces within utopian visions and projects as well as debates about order more widely in the turbulent seventeenth-century. Three perspectives on the Physick Garden as an ordered collection are explored: the architecture of the quadripartite Garden, with particular attention to the iconography of the Danby Gate; the particular challenges involved in managing living collections, whose survival depends on the spatial order regulating the microclimates in which they grow; and the taxonomic ordering associated with the hortus siccus collections. A final section on the ideal 'Botanick throne' focuses on the metaphor of the state as a garden in the period, as human and botanical subjects resist being order and can rebel, but also respond to right rule and wise cultivation. However, the political metaphor is Evans's; there is little to suggest that Bobart himself was driven by utopian, theological and political visions.


Assuntos
Botânica/história , Jardins/história , Poesia como Assunto/história , Inglaterra , História do Século XVIII
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