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1.
Zootaxa ; 4661(3): zootaxa.4661.3.12, 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716706

RESUMO

Three species of the extinct Eocene genus Baltostigus (Mastigitae: Baltostigini) were known in Baltic amber from Poland, Lithuania and Russia. In Rovno amber, although it was relatively well-studied, only one Mastigitae genus and species was recorded, belonging to Leptochromini. We report the occurrence of Baltostigus in the area of the present day Ukraine during the Eocene, on the basis of three inclusions in Rovno amber. One specimen belongs to a newly described species, Baltostigus substriatus sp. n.; two specimens are putatively identified as Baltostigus cf. horribilis, and may represent females of this species. However, further study based on more specimens is necessary to clarify the identity of these specimens.


Assuntos
Âmbar , Besouros , Animais , Países Bálticos , Feminino , Fósseis , Lituânia , Polônia , Federação Russa , Ucrânia
2.
Zootaxa ; 4571(1): zootaxa.4571.1.11, 2019 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715837

RESUMO

Hypoborus ficus Erichson, 1836, is a widespread bark beetle in the Mediterranean region (Talhouk 1969). The species was recorded in Europe: Austria, Azerbaijan, Azores, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, France (including Corsica), Greece, Hungary, Italy (including Sardinia and Sicily), Macedonia, Malta, Portugal, Southern Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine (Crimea); Africa: Algeria, Canary Islands, Egypt, Madeira Islands, Morocco, Tunisia; and Asia: Cyprus, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Syria, Tajikistan, and Turkey (Fontana 1925; Knízek 2011).


Assuntos
Besouros , Ficus , Gorgulhos , Animais , Casca de Planta , Polônia
3.
Zootaxa ; 4568(3): zootaxa.4568.3.2, 2019 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715843

RESUMO

Gothograptid retiolitines were distinctive in being one of the very few graptolite groups to thrive through the late Wenlock extinction event that killed off most graptoloid species, and their distinctive construction may have been a factor in this success amid environmental adversity. New and rich material from two localities in Poland and five localities in Lithuania contains Gothograptus nassa, Gothograptus obtectus and four new species. The detailed morphology and reconstruction of the tubarium shows its specific features, different from other lundgreni Biozone retiolitines. The tubarium is narrow, elongated, finite, massive and compact. The thecal orifices are hidden by simple hoods or by extraordinary reticulated veils, which may cover the ventral walls. The colonies of Gothograptus species from the lundgreni Biozone are short, usually having eight pairs of thecae, whereas species from the post-lundgreni interval may reach more than 20 pairs of thecae. A common feature of Gothograptus species is the presence of singular genicular structures tightly covering thecal orifices. Reticulated hoods and veils are characteristic of species from the lundgreni Biozone. The most common such structures are nassa hoods, located on the proximal thecae in some species from the lundgreni Biozone, and on every theca of post-lundgreni species. Only Gothograptus domeyki n. sp. has no genicular processes on most thecae. Within a total of four species from the lundgreni Biozone and three species from the nassa and praedeubeli Biozones, we describe here the new species Gothograptus domeyki and Gothograptus velo from the lundgreni Biozone, Gothograptus diminutus from the parvus/nassa Biozone, and Gothograptus auriculatus from the dubius/nassa and praedeubeli biozones; G. auriculatus n. sp. is the youngest form of the genus Gothograptus. Variation within the genus Gothograptus during the post-lundgreni interval period is shown for the first time.


Assuntos
Evolução Biológica , Gastrópodes , Animais , Lituânia , Polônia
4.
Zootaxa ; 4603(3): zootaxa.4603.3.5, 2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717215

RESUMO

Correction on the type depositories of some species of Cerambycidae, often reported as being in Museum of Stettin, Stettin, Poland (CMSP), are reported. The holotype of Quercivir dohrni Lameere, 1912 was located, and comments on it are provided. A forgotten correction on the type locality of Sypilus venturae Dohrn, 1882 is presented. Prionapterus staphilinus schaeferi Bosq, 1947 is transferred from synonymy with P. woltersi Bruch, 1925 to synonymy with P. staphilinus Guérin-Méneville, 1831. Sphecogaster biplagiatus Lacordaire, 1868 is formally synonymized with Sphecomorpha chalybea Newman, 1838, and notes on the holotype of Physopleurus dohrnii Lacordaire, 1869 are provided. Additionally, photographs of some Cerambycidae deposited in the Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Müncheberg, Germany (DEIC) collection are provided.


Assuntos
Besouros , Animais , Alemanha , Polônia
5.
Environ Manage ; 64(6): 701-720, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705203

RESUMO

This study demonstrates the importance of considering potential land use and management changes in climate impact research. By taking into account possible trends of economic development and environmental awareness, we assess effects of global warming on water availability and quality in the catchments of four European lagoons: Ria de Aveiro (Portugal), Mar Menor (Spain), Vistula Lagoon (Poland and Russia), and Tyligulskyi Liman (Ukraine). Different setups of the process-based soil and water integrated model (SWIM), representing one reference and four socio-economic scenarios for each study area: the "business as usual", "crisis", "managed horizons", and "set-aside" scenarios are driven by sets of 15 climate scenarios for a reference (1971-2000) and near future (2011-2040) scenario period. Modeling results suggest a large spatial variability of potential impacts across the study areas, due to differences in the projected precipitation trends and the current environmental and socio-economic conditions. While climate change may reduce water and nutrients input to the Ria de Aveiro and Tyligulsyi Liman and increase water inflow to the Vistula Lagoon the socio-economic scenarios and their implications may balance out or reverse these trends. In the intensely managed Mar Menor catchment, climate change has no notable direct impact on water resources, but changes in land use and water management may certainly aggravate the current environmental problems. The great heterogeneity among results does not allow formulating adaptation or mitigation measures at pan-European level, as initially intended by this study. It rather implies the need of a regional approach in coastal zone management.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Recursos Hídricos , Polônia , Portugal , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Espanha , Abastecimento de Água
6.
Wiad Lek ; 72(9 cz 2): 1844-1850, 2019.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622277

RESUMO

Infectious diseases are a serious social problem. For several years, there has been an increase in syphilis in Poland. It is an infectious disease and as such is subject to legal regulations. Common (such as all infectious diseases) and detailed statutory regulations apply to syphilis. The subject of the article is the presentation of Polish legal regulations on syphilis as an infectious disease. The specific objective of the article is to present and analyze the doctor's duties regarding the diagnosis (suspicion) of syphilis.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Notificação de Abuso , Médicos/legislação & jurisprudência , Papel Profissional , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Humanos , Polônia
7.
Neurol Neurochir Pol ; 53(5): 377-383, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592536

RESUMO

AIM OF THE STUDY: . The occurrence of migraine is linked with some common lifestyle activities and conditions preceding the attack. Our study presents known and presumptive lifestyle factors and activities related to migraine, and compares them to the frequency of headache attacks. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 40 female patients of the Headache Outpatient Clinic in Warsaw, Poland, diagnosed with migraine, mean age 44.6 years, and 40 female participants from the control group, mean age 39.5 years, were included in the study. The study employed questionnaires reporting the presence of lifestyle factors and socioeconomic predispositions as well as the Migraine Disability Assessment Test (MIDAS) as data collection methods. RESULTS: Correlations between some of the lifestyle factors and the frequency of migraines occurred statistically significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Some factors and lifestyle activities such as stress, relaxation, specific dietary products, fasting, fatigue, bright light, noise, weather changes or menstruation may have an influence on migraine frequency and severity in female patients, which can have an impact on migraine prevention.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Adulto , Feminino , Cefaleia , Humanos , Polônia , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Neurol Neurochir Pol ; 53(5): 348-357, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621888

RESUMO

AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the prevalence of anti-interferon-ß binding (BAb) and neutralising antibodies (NAb), and to investigate whether NAb measured by luciferase-based cell assay can predict treatment response in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients treated with interferon-ß-1b (IFNß-1b). CLINICAL RATIONALE FOR THE STUDY: A subgroup of IFNß-treated MS patients develop NAb directed against the drug. The clinical significance remains controversial, which could be explained to some extent by technical difficulties in NAb detection and quantification. A simple, specific and reproducible test for NAb might help elucidate these uncertainties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sera from 101 consecutive MS patients initiating treatment with IFNß-1b were collected at baseline and during the first two years, and assessed for BAbNAb with a novel luciferase-based cell assay. Median clinical follow-up lasted 5.1 years. RESULTS: BAb were present in 97% and NAb in 88% of the study cohort. Unexpectedly, 92% of patients tested positive for Bab and 12.5% for NAb at baseline, before drug exposure. Patients with baseline NAb positivity were more likely to remain free of disease activity in the first three years of treatment. When baseline-positive cases were grouped together with those who remained NAb-negative, and the resulting group was compared to those who became positive after drug exposure, NAb positivity was associated with a higher risk of disease activity during the entire follow-up. Direct comparison of BAb/Nab-positive and BAb/Nab-negative patients only revealed an association of BAb positivity with more active disease after four years of treatment, while NAb failed to predict the outcome. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Antibodies developed after treatment initiation are associated with a worse outcome. Naturally- occurring antibodies appear to predict more benign disease. Their prevalence and specificity require further investigation.


Assuntos
Esclerose Múltipla , Humanos , Interferon beta , Polônia , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Neurol Neurochir Pol ; 53(5): 335-340, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621889

RESUMO

CLINICAL RATIONALE FOR THE STUDY: Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a childhood onset disorder characterised by motor and vocal tics. Different types of motor tics may occur in GTS, including dystonic tics (DTs). Although DTs have been recognised as part of GTS symptomatology, little is known about their risk factors or about how often and at what age they appear in affected individuals. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of our study was to investigate lifetime prevalence and clinical correlations of DTs in a Polish cohort of GTS patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a prospective, one-registration study in a cohort of 207 consecutive ambulatory patients (mean age: 16.5 ± 9.4 years, 131 children, 162 males) with GTS. Duration of GTS was 9.0 ± 8.0 years (range: 1-39 years). DTs were diagnosed during the interview. DTs were defined as slower and lasting longer than typical clonic tics, abnormal dystonia-like movements that led to a sustained, but not fixed, posture. RESULTS: DTs occurred at some point in the lifetime of 73.9% (n = 153) of patients. The prevalence of DTs in adults and children was almost the same (p = 0.963). Age at onset of DTs was 9.9 ± 5.2 years with the most frequent onset in children (7-11 years, 74.4%, n = 64), followed by adolescence (12-18 years; 17.4%, n = 15) and adulthood (≥ 18 years, 8.1%, n = 7). DTs occurred 3.7 ± 4.2 years after tic onset. On average, patients suffered from 1.8 ± 1.7 types of DTs. The most frequent manifestations of DTs were: eyes (tightening resembling blepharospasm 84.3%, n = 129 and oculogyric crisis 45.8%, n = 70), trunk (dystonic postures 59.5%, n = 91), jaw (bruxism 34.6%, n = 53), neck (30.7%, n = 47), upper limb (26.1%, n = 40), and foot (20.9%, n = 32). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed significant associations of DTs with the total number of simple, and the total number of complex, tics. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: DTs are early and frequent symptoms of GTS. They tend to localise in the facial area. DTs occur more frequently in individuals with a higher number of tics and probably add to the global impairment caused by tics.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Tique , Tiques , Síndrome de Tourette , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Polônia , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 28(10): 1377-1383, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poland is considered among the European countries with an average incidence of cervical cancer (CC; about 3,000-3,500/year) and at the same time with high mortality (5-year survival rate - 55.2%). For this reason, in 2006 Poland introduced a Population-Based Cervical Cancer Prevention and Early Detection Program addressed to women aged 25-59 years, in which a cytological test is carried out every 3 years. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the changes in the curability of CC patients brought by the introduction of the Screening Program in the Lower Silesian voivodeship and to identify the subpopulation of women for whom activities aimed at increasing adherence rates must be intensified. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The 5-year relative survival in 3,586 CC patients from 2000-2010 registered in the Lower Silesian Cancer Registry was analyzed. RESULTS: In the Lower Silesian voivodeship, a 55.1% 5-year survival rate was recorded in 2000-2004 and 70.5% in 2010. The highest increase in 5-year relative survival rates was found in rural communities (from 53.1% in 2000-2004 to 77.7% in 2010) and in Wroclaw (56.8% and 74.2%, respectively). In the study group, the number of patients with invasive CC (C53) detected in the local stage of the disease increased systematically from 61.5% in 2000-2004 to 74.3% in 2010. CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of the population-based screening program improved the curability rate in CC patients in the Lower Silesian voivodeship. In order to maintain the recent positive trends, further education should be continued, and activities aimed at increasing adherence to screening tests should be intensified, especially in urban-rural communities.


Assuntos
Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/organização & administração , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Cooperação do Paciente/psicologia , Polônia/epidemiologia , Vigilância da População , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
11.
Ambio ; 48(11): 1290-1303, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625049

RESUMO

We use data from a survey of 2439 farmers in 5 countries around the Baltic Sea (Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Poland and Sweden) to investigate their preferences for adopting agricultural practices aimed at reducing nutrient leaching and greenhouse gas emissions. The measures considered are set-aside, catch crops and reduced fertilization. Contracts vary with respect to the area enrolled, contract length, possibility of premature termination, availability of professional advice and compensation. We quantitatively describe farmers' preferences in terms of their willingness-to-accept compensation for specific attributes of these contracts, if implemented. The results vary substantially between farm types (farmers' characteristics) and between the 5 countries, and support differentiation of contract obligations and payments to improve the uptake of Agri-Environmental Schemes. The results can be readily used to improve the design of country-specific nutrient reduction policies, in accordance with the next Common Agricultural Policy.


Assuntos
Fazendeiros , Nutrientes , Agricultura , Países Bálticos , Clima , Dinamarca , Estônia , Finlândia , Humanos , Polônia , Suécia
12.
Ann Parasitol ; 65(3): 245-250, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599540

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and intensity of parasite infection of the digestive tract in sheep and goats from the West Pomerania region following anti-parasite treatment. Feces were freely collected from sheep and goats kept on organic farms and subjected to analysis by the Willis-Schlaf and McMaster's flotation methods. The mean extensity of infection by gastrointestinal parasites in both sheep and goats was found to be 100%. Both sheep and goats displayed the presence of gastrointestinal nematodes, Eimeria protozoa and Moniezia spp. tapeworms. The intensity of infection of sheep and goats by these parasites was arranged as follows: gastrointestinal nematodes > Eimeria protozoa > Moniezia tapeworms. Our findings confirm that a problem exists regarding the occurrence of parasites of the digestive tract among sheep and goats kept under organic conditions. Therefore, correct implementation of prophylactic programmes should be emphasised to ensure the control or elimination of parasites in animals, particularly those kept on pasture.


Assuntos
Gastroenteropatias , Doenças das Cabras , Parasitos , Doenças dos Ovinos , Animais , Fezes/parasitologia , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Gastroenteropatias/parasitologia , Gastroenteropatias/veterinária , Cabras , Agricultura Orgânica/estatística & dados numéricos , Contagem de Ovos de Parasitas , Polônia , Prevalência , Ovinos
13.
Ann Parasitol ; 65(3): 251-255, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599541

RESUMO

During the parasitological examination of 288 wild ducks from north-western Poland, 18 tapeworms were found in the intestines (jejunum, ileum and rectum) of six birds, which, based on the structure of the scolex, internal organs and the presence of cirrus with an internal additional sac, were determinated as Dicranotaenia stenosacculata Macko, 1988. Tapeworms were found in two young females Bucephala clangula, one young female Aythya marila as well as two adult males Aythya fuligula. The aim of the study was to present the morphological and ecological characteristics of the species, recently discovered for the first time in the fauna of Poland.


Assuntos
Doenças das Aves , Cestoides , Infecções por Cestoides , Patos , Animais , Doenças das Aves/parasitologia , Cestoides/anatomia & histologia , Cestoides/fisiologia , Infecções por Cestoides/parasitologia , Infecções por Cestoides/veterinária , Patos/parasitologia , Feminino , Masculino , Polônia
14.
Ann Parasitol ; 65(3): 281-286, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599556

RESUMO

The Haemaphysalis concinna tick is a rare species in Poland. To date, it was found only once a few decades ago. During tick collection for epidemiological studies, a stable population of this arachnid was found in a military training area near Nowa Deba. This report is particularly important, given the role of Haemaphysalis concinna in the spread of dangerous vector-borne diseases.


Assuntos
Vetores Artrópodes , Doenças Transmissíveis , Ixodidae , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Vetores Artrópodes/fisiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/transmissão , Polônia
15.
Ann Parasitol ; 65(3): 205-215, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578844

RESUMO

Parasites of pike Esox lucius from freshwater and brackish water in Poland are listed. This checklist summarized data published in Catalogue of Parasitic Fauna of Poland. Part II. Parasites of Cyclostomes and Fish by Jadwiga Grabda and later data from original studies. Parasites are listed alphabetically in higher taxa with their location in host and distribution in Polish waters with references. Parasites belonging to the higher taxa as Protista ­ 11 records, Myxosporea ­ 6, Digenea ­ 17, Monogenea ­ 2, Cestoda ­ 9, Nematoda ­ 7, Acanthocephala ­ 7, Hirudinida ­ 5, Mollusca ­ unidentified glochidia, Crustacea ­ 6, were found. The most frequently noted parasites have been Azygia lucii, Diplostomum spp., Tylodelphys clavata, Tetraonchus monenteron, Triaenophorus nodulosus, Raphidascaris acus and Ergasilus sieboldi.


Assuntos
Esocidae , Doenças dos Peixes , Parasitos , Animais , Esocidae/parasitologia , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Parasitos/classificação , Parasitos/fisiologia , Polônia
16.
Cent Eur J Public Health ; 27(3): 239-244, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580561

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to assess the concentration of microbial aerosol and species composition of airborne staphylococci in 10 healthcare facilities in southern Poland including primary healthcare units and hospital wards; and to assess whether the selected components of microbial aerosol pose a threat of severe infections to either patients or the personnel. METHODS: The study was conducted at monthly intervals over a period of one year. Air samples were collected by MAS-100 sampler. The number of mesophilic bacteria, mould fungi, actinomycetes and staphylococci was determined on general and selective media. The species identification of staphylococci was conducted using API tests for strains that were pre-selected based on macroscopic and microscopic observations. RESULTS: A total number of 1,584 samples were collected during the sampling period. The numbers of airborne microorganisms varied between the examined premises and between the seasons of the year. The observed differences were statistically significant with one exception for actinomycetes and their differences between the examined premises. The concentrations of mesophilic bacteria varied from 5 to 297 CFU/m3 of air, for Staphylococcus the values ranged from 1 to 96 CFU/m3, for fungi - from 1 to 100 CFU/m3, and the number of actinomycetes ranged from 7 to 321 CFU/m3. Ten species of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) were identified among 55 isolates with S. saprophyticus and S. warneri being the most frequently detected (n = 14 and 13, respectively). S. haemolyticus, which is one of the most common causal agents of nosocomial infections was observed in four facilities (n = 5). CONCLUSIONS: The microbial concentrations varied both between the seasons of the year and between the examined facilities. The highest bioaerosol concentrations were observed in most crowded premises. The identified species of staphylococci, although not typically associated with human infections, are common causal agents of nosocomial infections and infections in immunocompromised people.


Assuntos
Microbiologia do Ar , Exposição Ocupacional , Aerossóis , Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar/análise , Fungos , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Polônia
17.
Pol Arch Intern Med ; 129(9): 572-573, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566586
19.
Wiad Lek ; 72(9 cz 1): 1616-1620, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Introduction: There is the increasing number of elderly patients with motion disabilities who require help and infatuations from nursing stuff. According to the Central Statistic Department (GUS), 25,4% people in Poland is over 60. In 2050 this number will increase to 40%(39,9%). This is very important topic because when the number of old people will increase the geriatric care will be more important. Especially because this is partially covered by nursing team. They should be satisfied and content of the job they do, and they should fulfill the aim they had when they started this profession. The aim: Analysis of nurse's work with patients, nursing procedures evaluation, how this procedure is scored by the nurse, what is the nurse's role in the rehabilitation process. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Material and methods: There were nursing process with geriatric patients analyzed in this article. There were nursing procedures investigated with the opinion of the person who performed this procedure. Role of the nurse in rehabilitation process was and the satisfaction from typical work load was analyzed. RESULTS: Results: Analyzed results showed that there is a deficit in the nurse's knowledge and the lack of the complex care in elderly patient with disabilities. There is lack of the preparation and education program to perform holistic patient care. This includes monitoring, examination and elderly needs. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The nurse is the first link that helps the patient to understand his disease. The nurse develops therapeutic contact that helps the patient to feel safe and positively react for the introduced treatment.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Geriátrica , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/enfermagem , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/reabilitação , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Idoso , Humanos , Sistema Musculoesquelético/fisiopatologia , Polônia
20.
Wiad Lek ; 72(9 cz 1): 1641-1645, 2019.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586976

RESUMO

Basing on European, American and Polish recommendation reviewed are strategy of treatment of osteoporosis. In Poland, rules of reimbursement reinforced general use of antiresorbtive drugs (bisphosponates, demosumab) in the treatment of osteoporosis. For effective therapy the key points are keeping the patient in the treatment and treatment monitoring with potential use of densitometry and bone markers.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Polônia
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