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1.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(6): 615-620, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025928

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the effect of the use of second-generation and third-generation LED light-curing units (LCUs) on the degree of conversion (DC) and microhardness (VHN) of bulk-fill resin composites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty cylindrical specimens (each n = 5) of Tetric N-Ceram Bulk-Fill, Filtek™ Bulk-Fill Posterior Restorative, and SDR flow were prepared in metal molds (5 mm in diameter and 4 mm in thickness) and cured with second-generation LED (SmartLite® Focus®, Dentsply Sirona) and third-generation LED (Bluephase® style, Ivoclar Vivadent) resulting in six groups. Degree of conversion was determined using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and microhardness with Vickers microhardness tester. Data were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA and least significance difference (LSD) test, and DC and microhardness were correlated using Pearson's correlation (α = 0.05). RESULTS: There was a significant difference between DC and VHN between all groups of bulk-fill which were cured by second-generation LED curing light and third-generation LED curing light. Then there is no significant difference between DC of the three composite bulk-fill resins by (second-generation LED vs third-generation LED curing light). CONCLUSION: The second-generation LED curing light can still be used to cure bulk-fill resin composites by increasing the duration of irradiation. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: In the microhardness test, there was a significant difference in the Filtek™ Bulk-Fill Posterior Restorative resin composites.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Luzes de Cura Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Polimerização , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
2.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(6): 673-677, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025937

RESUMO

AIM: Simulated pulpal pressure (PP) has been shown to affect the bond strength and nanoleakage of different adhesives at dentin interfaces but the effect of simulated PP on polymerization of adhesives has not been studied yet. Furthermore, it has been proposed that strong and mild self-etch adhesives have different polymerization behaviors. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of simulated PP on polymerization of two self-etch adhesives, Adper Prompt L-Pop (APLP) and Adper Easy Bond (AEB), by means of the Knoop hardness test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty caries-free human molars were used to prepare deep dentin specimens with a mean remaining dentin thickness of 0.9 mm. The specimens were bonded in the absence or presence of PP. The specimens were assigned to four equal groups (n = 15) as follows: AEB/-PP, APLP/-PP, AEB/+PP, and APLP/+PP. Bonding procedures were completed; then the specimens' hardness was measured with the Knoop test. Data were analyzed with two-way ANOVA and the t test. RESULTS: In the absence of PP, the hardness of AEB was significantly higher than that of APLP (p < 0.001). In contrast, when PP was simulated, the hardness of APLP was higher than that of AEB (p = 0.002). The hardness of AEB was not influenced by the presence of PP (p = 0.153). Simulation of PP resulted in a significant improvement in the hardness of APLP (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The polymerization degree of strong self-etch adhesive was lower compared to mild self-etch adhesive. In the presence of hydrostatic PP, the polymerization degree of strong self-etch adhesive was higher than mild self-etch adhesive. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Dentin moisture caused by positive PP might improve polymerization of strong self-etch adhesives.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários , Polpa Dentária , Dureza , Humanos , Dente Molar , Polimerização
3.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 33(2): 82-89, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920609

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of conversion, cytotoxicity, solubility and pH of photopolymerizable calciumbased cements submitted to preheating. The degree of conversion was analyzed by Fourier transform infrared, cytotoxicity by the MTT test and solubility through loss of mass. The data were subjected to statistical tests (ANOVA / Tukey's, p<0.05). The photopolymerizable materials showed a low degree of conversion, regardless of preheating. All materials caused a reduction in cell viability at 24 hours and 7 days, with the Dycal (control) being more cytotoxic. Heat had a positive effect on Biocal at 7 days. Dycal is the most soluble material. Heat had no effect on the solubility or pH of the polymerizable materials. It is concluded that photopolymerizable calcium-based cements have a low degree of conversion and are soluble, which results in mild to moderate cytotoxicity.


Assuntos
Hidróxido de Cálcio/toxicidade , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cimentos Dentários/química , Agentes de Capeamento da Polpa Dentária e Pulpectomia/toxicidade , Cálcio , Hidróxido de Cálcio/química , Cimentos Dentários/toxicidade , Capeamento da Polpa Dentária , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários , Processos Fotoquímicos , Polimerização , Agentes de Capeamento da Polpa Dentária e Pulpectomia/química
4.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4536, 2020 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913189

RESUMO

Natural musculoskeletal systems have been widely recognized as an advanced robotic model for designing robust yet flexible microbots. However, the development of artificial musculoskeletal systems at micro-nanoscale currently remains a big challenge, since it requires precise assembly of two or more materials of distinct properties into complex 3D micro/nanostructures. In this study, we report femtosecond laser programmed artificial musculoskeletal systems for prototyping 3D microbots, using relatively stiff SU-8 as the skeleton and pH-responsive protein (bovine serum albumin, BSA) as the smart muscle. To realize the programmable integration of the two materials into a 3D configuration, a successive on-chip two-photon polymerization (TPP) strategy that enables structuring two photosensitive materials sequentially within a predesigned configuration was proposed. As a proof-of-concept, we demonstrate a pH-responsive spider microbot and a 3D smart micro-gripper that enables controllable grabbing and releasing. Our strategy provides a universal protocol for directly printing 3D microbots composed of multiple materials.


Assuntos
Biomimética/métodos , Compostos de Epóxi/efeitos da radiação , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Musculoesqueléticos , Polímeros/efeitos da radiação , Robótica/métodos , Soroalbumina Bovina/efeitos da radiação , Biomimética/instrumentação , Compostos de Epóxi/química , Hidrogéis/química , Hidrogéis/efeitos da radiação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Lasers , Polimerização/efeitos da radiação , Polímeros/química , Impressão Tridimensional , Robótica/instrumentação , Soroalbumina Bovina/química
5.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3963, 2020 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32770134

RESUMO

Polysaccharides are the most abundant biomolecules in nature, but are the least understood in terms of their chemical structures and biological functions. Polysaccharides cannot be simply sequenced because they are often highly branched and lack a uniform structure. Furthermore, large polymeric structures cannot be directly analyzed by mass spectrometry techniques, a problem that has been solved for polynucleotides and proteins. While restriction enzymes have advanced genomic analysis, and trypsin has advanced proteomic analysis, there has been no equivalent enzyme for universal polysaccharide digestion. We describe the development and application of a chemical method for producing oligosaccharides from polysaccharides. The released oligosaccharides are characterized by advanced liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) methods with high sensitivity, accuracy and throughput. The technique is first used to identify polysaccharides by oligosaccharide fingerprinting. Next, the polysaccharide compositions of food and feces are determined, further illustrating the utility of technique in food and clinical studies.


Assuntos
Oligossacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Glucanos/química , Glucanos/metabolismo , Humanos , Lactente , Mananas/química , Mananas/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Polimerização , Fatores de Tempo , Xilanos/química , Xilanos/metabolismo
6.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(2): 34-39, maio-ago.2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1102682

RESUMO

As resinas Bulk fill surgiram com o intuito de facilitar a restauração de cavidades profundas. A fotoativação adequada é extremamente importante para que a resina bulk fill ofereça propriedades mecânicas satisfatórias e, longevidade na restauração. Este estudo avaliou a influência da espessura do incremento na microdureza Knoop (KHN) de três resinas bulk fill (n = 5). Cinquenta amostras foram divididas de acordo com o material (Filtek Z250, Filtek One Bulk Fill e Filtek Bulk Fill Flow), espessura (2mm e 4 mm) e tempo de fotoativação (20 e 40s) - Z2502mm20s, Z2502mm40s, One2mm20s, One2mm40s, One4mm20s, One4mm40s, Flow2mm20s, Flow2mm40s, Flow4mm20s e Flow4mm40s. As análises KHN foram realizadas no topo e na base de cada amostra. Os dados foram submetidos à ANOVA a 1 critério e ao Teste de Tukey (p< 0,05). A média e desvio padrão (+/-) dos seguintes grupos foram (Z2502mm20s) 0,85 (+/- 0,01); (Z2502mm40s) 0,92 (+/- 0,01); (One2mm20s) 1,05 (+/- 0,08); (One2mm40s) 0,95 (+/- 0,04); (One4mm20s) 0,93 (+/- 0,04); (One4mm40s) 0,97 (+/ - 0,04); (Flow2mm20s) 0,92 (+/- 0,05); (Flow2mm40s) 0,89 (+/- 0,04); (Flow4mm20s) 0,79 (+/- 0,04) e (Flow4mm40s) 0,90 (+/- 0,03). Os grupos da Filtek One Bulk apresentaram um valor significativamente maior, demonstrando uma polimerização suficiente mesmo na base de incrementos com 4 mm. Concluiu-se que o aumento na espessura do incremento de resinas bulk fill não afetou negativamente a fotoativação(AU)


Bulk fill composites emerged, allowing the restoration of deep cavities easily. Appropriate lightcuring is crucial to bulk fill composite presents satisfactory mechanical properties and restoration longevity. This study evaluated the influence of thickness increment on Knoop microhardness (KHN) of three dental bulk fill composites (n=5). Fifty samples were divided according to composite (Filtek Z250, Filtek One Bulk Fill and Filtek Bulk Fill Flow), thickness (2mm and 4 mm) and time lightcuring (20 and 40 s) - Z2502mm20s, Z2502mm40s, One2mm20s, One2mm40s, One4mm20s, One4mm40s, Flow2mm20s, Flow2mm40s, Flow4mm20s e Flow4mm40s. KHN analysis were performed on the top and the base of each specimen. Data were subjected to one-way ANOVA and Tukey test (p< 0,05). The mean and standard deviation (+/-) of following groups were (Z2502mm20s) 0,85(+/-0,01); (Z2502mm40s) 0,92(+/- 0,01); (One2mm20s) 1,05(+/-0,08); (One2mm40s) 0,95(+/-0,04); (One4mm20s) 0,93 (+/-0,04); (One4mm40s) 0,97(+/-0,04); (Flow2mm20s) 0,92(+/- 0,05); (Flow2mm40s) 0,89(+/-0,04); (Flow4mm20s) 0,79(+/-0,04) e (Flow4mm40s) 0,90(+/-0,03) Filtek One Bulk groups present significantly higher value, demonstrating sufficient polymerization even on the base of 4 mm increments. It was concluded that the increase in the thickness increment of Bulk fill composites did not negatively affect the lightcure(AU)


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Testes de Dureza , Materiais Dentários , Polimerização
7.
J Chromatogr A ; 1627: 461423, 2020 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32823118

RESUMO

A novel stationary phase co-modified with N-isopropyl acrylamide (NIPAM) and 3-aminophenylboronic acid copolymer on the silica was synthesized through atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) reaction for performing mixed-mode and boronate affinity chromatography. The prepared functionalized silica was characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FT-IR), elemental analysis (EA) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron micrographs (SEM) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) measurements. The prepared column named Sil-PBA-NIPAM showed great separation performance for hydrophobic, hydrophilic, positional isomer, acidic and alkaline compounds. Besides, the mixture of cis-diol and non-cis-diol compounds was used to prove that the developed column also has potential to capture and enrich cis-diol compounds. The prepared column possesses merits of time-saving, high selectivity to cis-diol compounds and molecular-planarity selectivity compared with two commercial single-mode columns. The theoretical plates of material can reach to 57472 and the column has good hydrolysis stability and batch-to-batch reproducibility. In summary, the prepared column possesses good hydrophilicity, hydrophobicity, molecular-planarity selectivity and boronate affinity abilities for the analysis of various compounds.


Assuntos
Acrilamidas/química , Ácidos Borônicos/química , Cromatografia/métodos , Polímeros/química , Ácido Benzoico/análise , Cromatografia de Fase Reversa , Hidrólise , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Fenóis/análise , Polimerização , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Dióxido de Silício/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Termogravimetria
8.
J Chromatogr A ; 1626: 461364, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797843

RESUMO

A new type of restricted access media-imprinted nanomaterials (RAM-MIPs) were successfully prepared on the surface of metal-organic framework by reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer polymerization technology. Then it was applied as a dispersed solid phase extraction (DSPE) material in analysis of fluoroquinolones (ofloxacin, pefloxacin, norfloxacin, enrofloxacin and gatifloxacin) in untreated milk and river water by HPLC-UV detection. The resulted material has a good binding amounts (60.81 mg g-1), rapid binding kinetic (15 min) and satisfactory selectivity as well as has a good ability to eliminate matrix interference. Several major factors affecting DSPE efficiency, pH of sample solution, dosage of RAM-MIPs, adsorption time and volume ratios of elution solvent were primarily optimized. In optimization conditions, RAM-MIPs-DSPE was combined with HPLC-UV to enrich fluoroquinolones in untreated milk and river water, achieving satisfactory linear correlation (R2 > 0.9988), good limits of detection (LOD, 1.02-3.15 µg L-1 for milk and 0.93-2.87 µg L-1 for river water) and better recoveries (80.7-103.5% and 85.1-105.9% with relative standard deviation (RSD) of not higher than 5.3% and 4.7% for milk and river water samples, respectively). The research results illustrate that it provides a simple and efficient method for the direct detection of FQs in complex samples.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/análise , Fluoroquinolonas/análise , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Leite/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Rios/química , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Adsorção , Animais , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Fluoroquinolonas/isolamento & purificação , Impressão Molecular , Polimerização
9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4304, 2020 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32855412

RESUMO

Ribosome-mediated polymerization of backbone-extended monomers into polypeptides is challenging due to their poor compatibility with the translation apparatus, which evolved to use α-L-amino acids. Moreover, mechanisms to acylate (or charge) these monomers to transfer RNAs (tRNAs) to make aminoacyl-tRNA substrates is a bottleneck. Here, we rationally design non-canonical amino acid analogs with extended carbon chains (γ-, δ-, ε-, and ζ-) or cyclic structures (cyclobutane, cyclopentane, and cyclohexane) to improve tRNA charging. We then demonstrate site-specific incorporation of these non-canonical, backbone-extended monomers at the N- and C- terminus of peptides using wild-type and engineered ribosomes. This work expands the scope of ribosome-mediated polymerization, setting the stage for new medicines and materials.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos Cíclicos/metabolismo , Biossíntese Peptídica , Ribossomos/metabolismo , Aminoacilação de RNA de Transferência , Engenharia Genética , Mutação , Polimerização , RNA de Transferência/metabolismo , Ribossomos/genética
10.
Chemosphere ; 259: 126949, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634719

RESUMO

High internal phase emulsions (HIPEs) as template for fabrication of porous materials has attracted much attention, due to the high porosity and tunable porous structure. But the enormous consumption of organic solvents is still a nightmare for the practical application. In comparison, the aqueous foam without need any organic solvent and hence has greater advantages in the porous materials preparation. In this study, a novel Pickering foam which was stabilized by modified sepiolite (Sep) was prepared and applied as the template for preparation of the porous material via thermal-initiated polymerization. The Pickering foam had excellent ability and stability in the pH of 4-11 and the obtained porous adsorbent possess sufficient and tuned pore structure. The porous materials as adsorbent has favorable performance for adsorption and selective removal of cationic dyes, and the understanding adsorption capacities for Methylene blue (MB) and Methyl green (MG) can be achieved with 1421.18 mg/g and 638.81 mg/g within 60 and 45 min at 25 °C, respectively. This porous material can be as the potential adsorbent for adsorption or separation of organic pollutants.


Assuntos
Corantes/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Purificação da Água/métodos , Adsorção , Cátions , Emulsões/química , Silicatos de Magnésio , Azul de Metileno/química , Polimerização , Porosidade , Água
11.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3658, 2020 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32694613

RESUMO

Biological systems organize multiple hierarchical structures in parallel, and create dynamic assemblies and functions by energy dissipation. In contrast, emerging artificial non-equilibrium self-assembling systems have remained relatively simplistic concerning hierarchical design, and non-equilibrium multi-component systems are uncharted territory. Here we report a modular DNA toolbox allowing to program transient non-equilibrium multicomponent systems across hierarchical length scales by introducing chemically fueled molecular recognition orchestrated by reaction networks of concurrent ATP-powered ligation and cleavage of freely programmable DNA building blocks. Going across hierarchical levels, we demonstrate transient side-chain functionalized nucleic acid polymers, and further introduce the concept of transient cooperative multivalency as a key to bridge length scales to pioneer fuel-driven encapsulation, self-assembly of colloids, and non-equilibrium transient narcissistic colloidal self-sorting on a systems level. The fully programmable and functionalizable DNA components pave the way to design chemically fueled 4D (3 space, 1 time) molecular multicomponent systems and autonomous materials.


Assuntos
Trifosfato de Adenosina/química , Bioengenharia/métodos , DNA/química , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Coloides , DNA Ligases/química , Desoxirribonucleases de Sítio Específico do Tipo II/química , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Polimerização , Polímeros/química
12.
J Chromatogr A ; 1625: 461298, 2020 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709341

RESUMO

This study has examined the batch binding behaviour of different thermo-responsive co-polymer grafted chromatographic materials under different temperature and protein loading conditions. The effect of molecular composition of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm)-based co-polymers on the phase transition properties has been documented. Sixteen co-polymers of different compositions were synthesized by free radical polymerization methods. Most underwent relatively sharp phase transitions upon application of increasing temperature. However, the value of the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) varied due to differences in co-polymer compositions. In general, it was found that the LCST increased for co-polymers containing more hydrophilic moieties, but decreased for co-polymers with more hydrophobic moieties. Moreover, the LCST increased, together with increased width of the transition temperature, when highly branched monomeric moieties (i.e. N­tert­octyl groups) were present. When bulky side chains (octadecyl or triphenylmethyl groups) were located in the polymer structures the LCST transition was absent. Based on these findings, 6 thermo-responsive co-polymers of different compositions were individually immobilised onto cross-linked Sepharose 6 Fast Flow by a "grafting-from" method. Bovine holo-lactoferrin and bovine holo-transferrin at different concentrations in the range 1-100 mg/mL were then employed as target proteins to evaluate the adsorption behaviour under batch binding conditions with these different polymer grafted Sepharose 6 Fast Flow sorbents at two different temperatures. In general, all sorbents exhibited greater affinity and adsorption capacity for bovine holo-lactoferrin at 50 °C compared to 20 °C. In addition, the affinity and adsorption capacity of bovine holo-lactoferrin with positively charged copolymer grafted Sepharose 6 Fast Flow chromatographic sorbents at 20 °C and 50 °C were much lower than that found for negatively charged copolymer grafted Sepharose 6 Fast Flow sorbents, whilst the opposite trend was found with bovine holo-transferrin due to differences in the surface charge properties of these two proteins, indicative of different separation selectivity. Furthermore, the structure of the side chains present in the grafted copolymer structure was found to affect the adsorption performance of both proteins at 20 °C and 50 °C.


Assuntos
Polímeros/química , Proteínas/química , Reologia , Sefarose/química , Temperatura , Resinas Acrílicas/síntese química , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Adsorção , Animais , Bovinos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Lactoferrina/química , Polimerização , Polímeros/síntese química , Transferrina/química
13.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(4): 343-351, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666060

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This randomized, split-mouth clinical study evaluated the marginal quality of direct class-I and class-II restorations made of microhybrid composite that were applied using two polymerization protocols and two marginal evaluation criteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 patients (mean age: 33 years) received 100 direct class-I or class-II restorations in premolars or molars. Three calibrated operators made the restorations. After conditioning the tooth with 2-step etch-and-rinse adhesive, restorations were made incrementally using microhybrid composite. Each layer was polymerized using a polymerization device operated either in regular mode (600-650 mW/cm2 for 20 s) (RM) or high-power (1200-1300 mW/cm2 for 10 s) mode (HPM). Two independent, calibrated operators evaluated the restorations 1 week (baseline) and 6 months after restoration placement, and thereafter annually up to 10 years using modified USPHS and SQUACE criteria. Data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U-test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Alpha scores (USPHS) for marginal adaptation (76% and 74% for RM and HPM, respectively) and marginal discoloration (70% and 72%, for RM and HPM, respectively) did not show significant differences between the two polymerization protocols (p > 0.05). Alpha scores (SQUACE) for marginal adaptation (78% and 74% for RM and HPM, respectively) and marginal discoloration (70% for both RM and HPM) were also not significantly different at the 10-year year follow-up (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Regular and high-power polymerization protocols had no influence on the stability of marginal quality of the microhybrid composite tested up to 10 years. Both modified USPHS and SQUACE criteria confirmed that regardless of the polymerization mode, marginal quality of the restorations deteriorated significantly compared to baseline (p < 0.05).


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Adulto , Dente Pré-Molar , Seguimentos , Humanos , Polimerização , Estados Unidos , United States Public Health Service
14.
Food Chem ; 333: 127532, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32668396

RESUMO

Poly(melamine) (PMel) was synthesized via the electropolymerization of melamine monomer, which was then characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The possible polymerization mechanisms of melamine were also revealed by FT-IR spectroscopy and UV-Vis spectroscopy. Next, the PMel modified GCE (PMel/GCE) was used for the simultaneous determination of nitrite (NO2-) and tartrazine, and the parameters were optimized. The kinetic study showed that the electrochemical oxidation of nitrite and tartrazine at the surface of PMel/GCE is a typical surface-controlled electrode process. Under the optimun conditions, the developed sensor outperformed those previously reported, and it also exhibited high selectivity and reproducibility. Finally, the PMel/GCE was used for the simultaneous determination of nitrite and tartrazine in foodstuffs, and the results indicated that the proposed sensor could be a promising candidate for accurate determination of nitrite and tartrazine in real food samples.


Assuntos
Nitritos/análise , Polimerização , Tartrazina/análise , Triazinas/química , Espectroscopia Dielétrica , Eletroquímica , Eletrodos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Nitritos/química , Oxirredução , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tartrazina/química , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3765, 2020 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32724196

RESUMO

Microtubules are dynamic tubulin polymers responsible for many cellular processes, including the capture and segregation of chromosomes during mitosis. In contrast to textbook models of tubulin self-assembly, we have recently demonstrated that microtubules elongate by addition of bent guanosine triphosphate tubulin to the tips of curving protofilaments. Here we explore this mechanism of microtubule growth using Brownian dynamics modeling and electron cryotomography. The previously described flaring shapes of growing microtubule tips are remarkably consistent under various assembly conditions, including different tubulin concentrations, the presence or absence of a polymerization catalyst or tubulin-binding drugs. Simulations indicate that development of substantial forces during microtubule growth and shortening requires a high activation energy barrier in lateral tubulin-tubulin interactions. Modeling offers a mechanism to explain kinetochore coupling to growing microtubule tips under assisting force, and it predicts a load-dependent acceleration of microtubule assembly, providing a role for the flared morphology of growing microtubule ends.


Assuntos
Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Animais , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Tomografia com Microscopia Eletrônica , Microtúbulos/efeitos dos fármacos , Microtúbulos/ultraestrutura , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Polimerização/efeitos dos fármacos , Suínos , Tubulina (Proteína)/isolamento & purificação , Tubulina (Proteína)/ultraestrutura , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia
16.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190753, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638829

RESUMO

Objectives To compare the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and depth of cure (DOC) of bulk-fill composites cured by monowave (MW) and polywave (PW) LED units using different curing times. Methodology Three composites were tested: Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill (TBF), Filtek Bulk Fill (FBF), and Tetric EvoCeram (T; control). Flat dentin surfaces treated with adhesive (AdheSE Universal®, Ivoclar Vivadent) were bonded with 4 mm cylindrical samples of each bulk-fill composite material (n=6) and cured with monowave (Satelec) or polywave (Bluephase Style) curing units for 10 or 20 seconds. After 24 hours, teeth were sectioned into individual 0.9 mm2 beams and tested for µTBS. Failure modes were analysed. Moreover, the DOC scrape test (IOS 4090) was completed (n=5) following the same curing protocols. Two-way ANOVA (a=0.05) was performed, isolating light-curing units. Results For samples cured with the MW light-curing unit, no significant effects were observed in the µTBS results between any of the resin composite brands and the curing times. Conversely, when resins were cured with a PW light unit, a significant effect was observed for TBF resin. In general, bulk-fill composites presented greater DOC and longer curing time resulted in higher DOC for all composites. Conclusion The µTBS of the composites to dentin was not affected by the curing mode of the resins, except for TBF cured with PW light unit. Bulk-fill composites exhibit greater DOC than conventional resin-based composites.


Assuntos
Luzes de Cura Dentária , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários , Resinas Compostas , Materiais Dentários , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Polimerização
17.
J Chromatogr A ; 1624: 461155, 2020 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32540056

RESUMO

The topic in the present paper is to prepare molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) using the template molecule with low purity. For the first time, a surrounding of macromolecular crowding was established to promote the formation of the complex of the template with functional monomer efficiently thus highly pure template molecule was unnecessary. In this study, the MIP monolith was synthesized using low purity lactucopicrin as template in place of highly pure one, and polystyrene was used as macromolecular crowding agent. 4-Vinylpyridine and ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate were used as functional monomer and crosslinker, respectively. Polymerization parameters, including the ratio of functional monomer/template, various template concentrations, and PS concentration on the affinity of the resulting MIP were systematically investigated. For the lactucopicrin MIP made with the purity of lactucopicrin of 92%, the imprinting factor can be up to 2.2. The resulting MIP was filled in solid phase extraction (SPE) cartridge to purify lactucopicrin from the crude extract of Cichorium glandulosum Boiss. et Huet. After two cycles of MIP SPE for the crude extract, the highest recovery and purity of lactucopicrin was 64.8% and 97.8%, respectively. The results indicated that the use of macromolecular crowding agent is an effective method for improving the performance of the MIP prepared with the template of low purity, particularly valuable to the cases in which the highly pure target molecule is hard to be obtained.


Assuntos
Impressão Molecular , Polímeros/química , Asteraceae/química , Reagentes para Ligações Cruzadas/química , Lactonas/química , Lactonas/isolamento & purificação , Metacrilatos/química , Polimerização , Poliestirenos/química , Piridinas/química , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Extração em Fase Sólida
18.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3250, 2020 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32591525

RESUMO

Biocompatible polymers are widely used in tissue engineering and biomedical device applications. However, few biomaterials are suitable for use as long-term implants and these examples usually possess limited property scope, can be difficult to process, and are non-responsive to external stimuli. Here, we report a class of easily processable polyamides with stereocontrolled mechanical properties and high-fidelity shape memory behaviour. We synthesise these materials using the efficient nucleophilic thiol-yne reaction between a dipropiolamide and dithiol to yield an α,ß - unsaturated carbonyl moiety along the polymer backbone. By rationally exploiting reaction conditions, the alkene stereochemistry is modulated between 35-82% cis content and the stereochemistry dictates the bulk material properties such as tensile strength, modulus, and glass transition. Further access to materials possessing a broader range of thermal and mechanical properties is accomplished by polymerising a variety of commercially available dithiols with the dipropiolamide monomer.


Assuntos
Elastômeros/química , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Nylons/química , Materiais Inteligentes/química , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Linhagem Celular , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Camundongos , Nylons/síntese química , Polimerização , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estresse Mecânico , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Temperatura
19.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0233952, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498075

RESUMO

This study aimed to produce cellulose-based conductive fabrics with electrical conductivity and flexibility. Bacterial cellulose (BC) and three chemical cellulose (CC), namely methyl cellulose (MC), hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPMC) and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) were in situ polymerized with aniline and the four conductive cellulose fabrics were compared and evaluated. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectroscopy analysis confirmed that three CC-PANI composites displayed longer and more stable polymerization pattern than BC-PANI because of the different polymerization method: bulk polymerization for BC-PANI and emulsion polymerization for CC-PANI, respectively. The electrical conductivity of BC-PANI and CC-PANI were ranging from 0.962 × 10-2 S/cm to 2.840 × 10-2 S/cm. MC-PANI showed the highest electrical conductivity among the four conductive cellulose fabrics. The flexibility and crease recovery results showed that MC-PANI had the highest flexibility compared to BC-PANI, HPMC-PANI, and CMC-PANI. These results have confirmed that the electrical conductivity and flexibility were influenced by the type of cellulose, and MC-PANI was found to have the best performance in the electrical conductivity and flexibility.


Assuntos
Carboximetilcelulose Sódica/química , Celulose/análogos & derivados , Metilcelulose/química , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/química , Têxteis , Compostos de Anilina/química , Celulose/química , Elasticidade , Condutividade Elétrica , Nanocompostos/química , Polimerização , Têxteis/análise , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis
20.
Food Chem ; 330: 127154, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531630

RESUMO

Dextran-containing sourdough has been exploited in breadmaking, obtaining additive-free bread of high quality. Effect of dextran, weak acidification and their association on gluten dough structure, thermal properties and rheology was investigated. Electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) showed that dextran and acids both lowered the band intensity in the high molecular weight area (Mw > 175 kDa) and size exclusion (SE-HPLC) revealed that weak acidification induced a decrease of 4.73% of the glutenin macropolymer (GMP) content. The higher free thiol (SH) was observed after dextran addition, further suggesting the hindered glutenin polymerization. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) found that dextran and weak acidity caused increased ß-turn and decreased ß-sheet structures, suggesting a gluten of lower coherence and resistance to extension. Weakened thermal stability and viscoelasticity were subsequently detected by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and dynamic rheology. However, structural, thermal and rheological properties of the weakly acidified group were improved by the associated dextran.


Assuntos
Dextranos/química , Glutens/química , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Polimerização , Reologia , Triticum/química , Viscosidade
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