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Chem Biodivers ; 14(9)2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28608948


As one of the most important traditional Chinese medicine, the quality of Polygala tenuifolia is difficult to control and a new method must be established to facilitate/assist the breeding of P. tenuifolia. In this study, UPLC/Q-TOF-MS-based metabolomics analysis was performed to determine the chemical composition and screen metabolite biomarkers according to agronomic traits. A total of 29 compounds and 18 metabolite biomarkers were found. AFLP-based marker-assisted selection (MAS) was used to identify molecular marker bands and screen characteristic bands associated with specific agronomic traits. 184 bands and 76 characteristic AFLP bands were found. The correlation network between compounds and characteristic AFLP bands was built, so we may directly breed certain P. tenuifolia herbs with special agronomic traits (or characteristic AFLP bands), which exhibit specific pharmacological functions depending on the content of the active compounds. The proposed method of metabolomics coupled with MAS could facilitate/assist the breeding of P. tenuifolia.

Análise do Polimorfismo de Comprimento de Fragmentos Amplificados , Metaboloma , Melhoramento Vegetal , Polygala/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Análise por Conglomerados , DNA de Plantas/genética , Espectrometria de Massas , Metabolômica , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Polygala/genética , Polygala/metabolismo
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 41(20): 3733-3740, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28929649


The agronomic traits (plant height, root diameter, root length, first lateral root height, lateral root amount, root weight) of 18 Polygala tenuifolia samples with different agronomic traits were analyzed, respectively. HPLC was used to analyze three main characteristic components including tenuifolin, polygalaxanthone Ⅲ, and 3,6'-disinapoyl sucrose. At last, the correlation between six agronomic traits and three main characteristic components were analyzed by scatter plot. We found no significant correlation between root diameter and three main characteristic components. There were no obvious correlations between tenuifolin and the remaining five agronomic traits. Short root length and first lateral root height as well as high lateral root amount resulted in high levels of polygalaxanthone Ⅲ in P. tenuifolia samples. High levels of 3,6'-disinapoyl sucrose were observed in P. tenuifolia samples with longer root. So, the current commodity criteria and traditional breeding of P. tenuifolia did not conform to pharmacopoeia standards, which excellent medicinal materials should have high contents of the main characteristic components. It was urgent to revise the current commodity criteria and breeding methods.

Melhoramento Vegetal , Polygala/química , Polygala/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Ácidos Cumáricos/análise , Diterpenos do Tipo Caurano/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Glicosídeos/análise , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plantas Medicinais/química , Plantas Medicinais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sacarose/análogos & derivados , Sacarose/análise , Xantonas/análise
J Integr Plant Biol ; 51(6): 529-36, 2009 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19522811


Anatomical, histochemical and phytochemical methods were used to investigate the structure, localization and dynamic changes of total saponin and senegenin of vegetative organs in Polygala tenuifolia Willd. Histochemical localization results showed that saponin accumulated mainly in parenchyma cells of vegetative organs. The phytochemical results also showed that the saponin accumulated in the vegetative organs of P. tenuifolia, with higher content in roots and lower content in the aerial parts that included stems and leaves. The saponin content and dry weight of the vegetative organs of P. tenuifolia had dynamic variance at the developmental stages and all reached the highest level in the post-fruit period. Hence, the roots and aerial parts should be gathered in August to make full use of the plant. As the root is the main medicinal organ of P. tenuifolia, the content of total saponin and senegenin of different aged and different parts of the root were determined. The content of total saponin and senegenin exhibited a sustained decreasing trend with increasing root age; therefore, the annual roots had high quality. The content of total saponin and senegenin in different parts of the root showed obvious variation. The content in the "skin areas" was much higher than that of xylem. The results offer a theoretical basis for determining the appropriate harvesting stage and a reasonable harvest of P. tenuifolia.

Polygala/metabolismo , Saponinas/metabolismo , Biomassa , Especificidade de Órgãos , Folhas de Planta/citologia , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/citologia , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Caules de Planta/citologia , Caules de Planta/metabolismo , Polygala/citologia , Polygala/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 11(3): 405-16, 2009 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19470111


Low seed ovule ratios have been observed in natural populations of Polygala vayredae Costa, a narrowly endemic species from the oriental pre-Pyrenees. To evaluate physical and nutritional constraints and pollen tube attrition in this endemic species, stigma and style anatomy, as well as pollen tube development along the pistil were investigated using light and fluorescence microscopy. The structural morphology of the stigmatic region was also examined with scanning electron microscopy. Pollen grains that reached the stigmatic papillae came into contact with a lipid-rich exudate and germinated easily. Although a large number of pollen grains reach the stigmatic papillae, few pollen tubes were able to grow into the style towards the ovary. The style was hollow, with the stylar channel beginning a few cells below the stigmatic papillae. Initially, the stylar channel area was small compared to other levels of the style, and was surrounded by lipid-rich, highly metabolic active cells. Furthermore, lipid-rich mucilage was detected inside the stylar channel. At subsequent style levels towards the ovary, no major reserves were detected histochemically. The reduced intercellular spaces below the stigmatic papillae and the reduced area of the stylar channel at its commencement are suggested to physically constrain the number of pollen tubes that can develop. In subsequent levels of the style, the stylar channel could physically support a larger number of pollen tubes, but the lack of nutritional reserves cannot be disregarded as a cause of pollen tube attrition. Finally, the number of pollen tubes entering the ovary was greater than the number of ovules, suggesting that interactions occurring at this level play a major role in the final reproductive outcome in this species.

Flores/anatomia & histologia , Tubo Polínico/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pólen , Polygala/anatomia & histologia , Microscopia , Polygala/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Reprodução , Sementes
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 32(15): 1497-500, 2007 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17972571


OBJECTIVE: To control the seed quality market, a study on the seed determination practice in Polygala tenuifolia was carried out. METHOD: By studying the thousand grain weight moisture content, viability, genuineness, purity and germination percentage, some indices of seeds were fixed to the standards. The seed determination practice in P. tenuifolia was established. RESULT AND CONCLUSION: The practice could be utilized to control the seed quality of P. tenuifolia.

Plantas Medicinais , Polygala , Germinação , Tamanho do Órgão , Plantas Medicinais/anatomia & histologia , Plantas Medicinais/química , Plantas Medicinais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Polygala/anatomia & histologia , Polygala/química , Polygala/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Controle de Qualidade , Plântula/anatomia & histologia , Sementes/anatomia & histologia , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Zhong Yao Cai ; 29(7): 652-3, 2006 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17058998


OBJECTIVE: The proper cultivated density of P. tenuifolia was researched to improve cultural practices in producing region. METHOD: The experiment was determined by the randomized blocks design of three replications. RESULT: There is significance difference for the yield per mu in different cultivated density. CONCLUSION: The proper planted density is 20 cm x 3 cm, i. e. 111 thousand plants per mu.

Plantas Medicinais/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Polygala/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fertilizantes , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Solo