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2.
Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 31(4): 726-733, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125606

RESUMO

Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) gained popularity in the 1990s through early 2000s as surgeons sought to mitigate the purported adverse effects of cardiopulmonary bypass and reduce the risk of neurologic events from aortic manipulation. Since then, results of several large randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses have failed to demonstrate an advantage of off-pump CABG over traditional on-pump CABG and have even raised concerns about potential suboptimal outcomes. The modern debate about off- vs on-pump CABG centers around long-term outcomes, the role of surgeon experience, identification of specific patient populations for which off-pump CABG is most appropriate, and identification of novel techniques and technologies to improve long-term outcomes. We review the key findings of 5 contemporary papers that address these issues and provide a current perspective on the status of off-pump CABG.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 67(7): 546-553, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30836396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current study analyzed and compared early-term outcomes of off-pump versus on-pump beating heart coronary artery bypass surgery. METHODS: From January 2011 to January 2018, a total of 736 patients underwent isolated first-time elective beating-heart coronary artery bypass surgery without the use of aortic cross-clamping and cardioplegic arrest at our institution, and they were included in this study. Data of patients were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups according to the use of cardiopulmonary bypass during the operation, as off-pump group (n = 399) and on-pump beating-heart group (n = 337). Both groups were compared with each other in terms of preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data. RESULTS: Groups were statistically similar with regard to baseline clinical characteristics and demographics. When compared with off-pump group, on-pump beating-heart group had a greater number of distal bypass, longer length of hospital stay, and lower postoperative hematocrit level, and received more blood product transfusion. No statistically significant differences were detected between the groups with respect to mortality and postoperative complications except for atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation was significantly frequent in on-pump beating-heart group. CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that off-pump and on-pump beating-heart coronary artery bypass procedures had similar early mortality and major complication rates except for atrial fibrillation. However, it seemed that off-pump procedure was superior to on-pump beating-heart procedure with regard to length of hospital stay, blood product transfusion, and atrial fibrillation development. Further prospective randomized studies with larger patient series are needed to support our research and attain more accurate data.


Assuntos
Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Idoso , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Cardiovasc J Afr ; 30(1): 57-60, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30720843

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The rate of patients with diffuse left anterior descending artery (LAD) disease being referred for surgery has increased as a result of advances in endovascular techniques. In surgery of diffuse or multisegment LAD disease, surgical procedures with or without endarterectomy can be performed. In this article, we report our results of longsegment onlay patchplasty of the LAD with a left internal thoracic artery (LITA) graft without endarterectomy, on the beating heart, in patients with multisegment LAD disease. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting surgery in our hospital between 1 January 2015 and 31 July 2017. We included LITA onlay patchplasty patients with multisegment LAD disease who had been operated on the beating heart. We excluded patients who underwent coronary endarterectomy and were operated on under cardiopulmonary bypass. RESULTS: In this period, 54 patients with multisegment LAD disease were treated with LITA patchplasty on the beating heart. The mean length of the arteriotomy was 42.8 ± 13.3 mm (25-75 mm). There were two postoperative myocardial infarctions (3.7%) and three deaths (5.5%). In the remaining patients, there was no haemodynamic instability that needed long-term (> 24 hour) inotropic support. Patients were discharged from hospital on postoperative 9.3 ± 7.1 days with dual antiplatalet therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Bypass grafting of the LAD with long-segment LITA onlay patchplasty can safely be performed in patients with multisegment LAD disease, with acceptable early-term results. In this procedure, proximal and distal segments of the diseased LAD are revascularised with LITA grafts, which may improve long-term survival and quality of life.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Anastomose de Artéria Torácica Interna-Coronária/métodos , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Anastomose de Artéria Torácica Interna-Coronária/efeitos adversos , Anastomose de Artéria Torácica Interna-Coronária/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(1): 62-69, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the early and medium outcomes of on-pump beating-heart (OPBH) coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and off-pump CABG (OPCABG) in patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) between 30% and 40%. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of ischemic heart disease patients with LVEF between 30% and 40% who underwent surgical revascularization from January 2013 to December 2017. Patients were divided into OPBH group (n=44) and OPCABG group (n=68), according to the surgical method. Clinical material with early and medium outcomes were investigated and compared between these groups. RESULTS: The two groups had similar baseline. Two OPBH patients and 3 OPCABG patients died in the hospital, which had no statistical significance (P>0.05). OPBH patients received a greater number of grafts (3.74±0.84) and presented more improved LVEF (45.92±7.11%) than OPCABG patients (3.36±0.80) and (42.81±9.29%), respectively, which had statistical significance (P<0.05). An increased amount of drainage during the first 12 hours was found in the OPBH group (P<0.05). Reoperation for bleeding, duration of mechanic ventilation, and other early outcomes had no statistical significance between the two groups. During the medium-time follow-up, OPBH patients showed significantly lower major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE)-free survival time (P=0.049) than OPCABG patients. CONCLUSION: The OPBH technique was a safe and an acceptable alternative for surgical revascularization in patients with moderate left ventricular dysfunction which provided better mid-term MACE-free survival compared with OPCABG.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/métodos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/cirurgia , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade
6.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 27(4): 256-264, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30798611

RESUMO

AIM: The primary goal of the study was to perform retrospective analysis of fast-track coronary artery bypass grafting at our institute to identify risk factors for prolonged hospital stay. A secondary goal was to identify and compare survival statistics with those published in literature. METHOD: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients enrolled in our fast-track coronary artery bypass protocol. There were 709 patients with a mean age of 58.85 ± 8.9 years; 572 were men. The mean EuroSCORE II was 2.02% ± 2.64%. Of these 709 patients, 538 (76%) met the requirements for discharge within 100 hours. RESULTS: Prolonged ventilation or reintubation, major pulmonary complications, gastrointestinal and neurological complications were the strongest predictors of fast-track failure. Persistent atrial fibrillation, postoperative transient renal impairment, requirement for noninvasive ventilation > 3 times, sternal wound infection, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, preoperative intraaortic balloon pump for chest pain or ST changes, preoperative severe left ventricular dysfunction, preoperative severe renal impairment, and peripheral arterial disease were also found to be significant risk factors for fast-track failure. Cumulative survival at 66 months of follow-up was 90.2% ± 0.02%. CONCLUSION: The risk factors listed above were associated with fast-track failure. Smoking cessation helps to nullify the factor of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Intraoperative elective insertion of a balloon pump does not affect the fast-track protocol. Survival was comparable to that described in the literature.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Tempo de Internação , Alta do Paciente , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Índia , Intubação Intratraqueal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 67(6): 458-466, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29843185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is superior to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for the right coronary territory is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes and patency in the right coronary territory after CABG or PCI. METHODS: We studied 2,467 multivessel coronary artery disease patients from January 2001 to December 2011; 1,672 were off-pump CABG patients and 795 were PCI. The graft patency and the presence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) including death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, and stroke were analyzed. RESULTS: After propensity score matching, cardiac-related survival was found to be significantly higher in the CABG group than in the PCI group (hazard ratio (HR) for the PCI group: 2.445, p = 0.006). The PCI group showed higher rates of myocardial infarction (HR: 2.571, p = 0.011) and target vessel revascularization (HR: 3.337, p < 0.001). In the right coronary territory, the right internal thoracic artery patency was not different in the PCI group compared with the CABG group (p = 0.248). In CABG group, low right coronary artery graft patency was associated with cardiac-related death (HR: 0.17, p = 0.003) and the occurrence of MACCEs (HR: 0.22, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: CABG was superior to PCI in patients with multivessel disease. Low graft patency in the right coronary territory was associated with cardiac-related death and the occurrence of MACCEs.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
8.
J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) ; 60(3): 388-395, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30465418

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), around 25% have multisite artery disease (MSAD). Patients with CAD and MSAD are at higher risk of peri-operative and long-term cardiovascular events. Whether off-pump coronary bypass grafting (CABG) can improve their prognosis is unknown. We aimed to assess the benefits of off- vs. on-pump cardiac surgery in patients undergoing CABG, according to coexistence of extra-cardiac artery disease. METHODS: Between April 1998 and September 2008, 1221 patients undergoing CABG without any other intervention were enrolled. Overall death and major cardiovascular events were recorded at 1-month and during long-term follow-up. A propensity score (PS), derived from all relevant variables (P<0.25) associated with on-pump as compared to off-pump CABG, and representing the likelihood for each individual patient to receive off-pump CABG, was calculated. RESULTS: MSAD was observed in 279 patients (23%). Off-pump CABG was performed in 208 (17%) patients. The median follow-up was 7.6 years. The 10-year mortality was significantly lower in off- vs. on-pump CABG group (74±4% vs. 68±2%, P=0.024). In patients with MSAD, there was a trend for better survival for off- vs. on-pump CABG (63±8% vs. 50±4%, P=0.078). After adjustment for PS, we found no further difference between on- and off-pump CABG both in the whole cohort (HR=1.30, P=0.10), as well as in MSAD patients (HR=1.51, P=0.14). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with MSAD receiving CABG are at worst prognostic than those with isolated CAD. In these patients, we found no significant difference in the long-term mortality and cardiovascular events between on- and off-pump CABG.


Assuntos
Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Idoso , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Angiology ; 70(4): 337-344, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30286625

RESUMO

It was a randomized trial, and 308 patients undergoing revascularization were randomly assigned: 155 to off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) and 153 to on-pump coronary artery bypass (ONCAB). End points were freedom from death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, and cerebrovascular accidents. The rates for 10-year, event-free survival for ONCAB versus OPCAB were 69.6% and 64%, (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.88; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.86-1.02; P = .41), respectively. Adjusted Cox proportional hazard ratio was similar (HR: 0.92; 95% CI 0.61-1.38, P = .68). A difference occurred between the duration of OPCAB and ONCAB, respectively (4.9 ± 1.5 vs 6.6 ± 1.1 h, P < .001). Statistical differences occurred between OPCAB and ONCAB in the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay (20 ± 2.5 vs 48 ± 10 hours, P < .001), time to extubation (5.5 ± 4.2 vs 10.2 ± 3.5 hours, P < .001), hospital stay (6.7 ± 1.4 vs 9.2 ± 1.3 days, P < .001), higher incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF; 33 vs 5 patients, P < .001), and blood requirements (46 vs 64 patients, P < .001). Grafts per patient was higher in ONCAB (3.15 vs 2.55 grafts, P < .001). No difference existed between the groups in primary composite end points at 10-year follow-up. Although OPCAB surgery was related to a lower number of grafts and higher incidence of AF, it had no effects related to long-term outcomes.


Assuntos
Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Estenose Coronária/cirurgia , Idoso , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Card Surg ; 33(11): 716-724, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30306622

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) increases long-term mortality, by performing a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of off-pump versus on-pump CABG with ≥5-year follow-up. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched through July 2018. Hazard, risk, or odds ratios (HRs, RRs, or ORs) of long-term (≥5-year) mortality for off-pump versus on-pump CABG were extracted from each individual trial. Study-specific estimates were combined using inverse variance-weighted averages of logarithmic HRs in the random-effects model. RESULTS: Our search identified eight medium- to large-size RCTs at low risk of bias with long-term follow-up of off-pump versus on-pump CABG enrolling a total of 8780 patients. Combining four RCTs reporting actual HRs generated a statistically significant result favoring on-pump CABG (HR, 1.21; P = 0.02). A pooled analysis of all eight RCTs demonstrated a statistically significant increase in mortality with off-pump CABG (HR/RR, 1.19; P = 0.01). There was no evidence of significant publication bias in the meta-analysis of all eight RCTs. In a sensitivity analysis, extracting RRs or ORs from all eight RCTs and pooling them demonstrated a statistically significant increase in mortality with off-pump CABG (RR, 1.17; P = 0.01; OR, 1.20; P = 0.007). Eliminating 2 RRs and combining six HRs still generated a statistically significant result favoring on-pump CABG (HR, 1.19; P = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Off-pump CABG increases long-term (≥5-year) mortality compared with on-pump CABG.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Bibliográficas , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Risco , Fatores de Tempo
13.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 72(13): 1478-1486, 2018 09 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30236310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long-term benefits of off-pump versus on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are controversial. OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to compare long-term survival and morbidity after on-pump versus off-pump CABG. METHODS: Mandatory clinical and administrative registries from New Jersey Department of Health were linked to identify patients who underwent CABG between 2005 and 2011, by surgeons who had performed at least 100 off-pump or on-pump CABG operations. Survival, stroke, myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization, and new dialysis requirement were compared using Cox modeling, propensity scores, and instrumental variable analysis. Median follow-up was 6.8 years (range: 0 to 11.0 years); last follow-up date was December 31, 2015. RESULTS: Among 42,570 CABG patients, 6,950 who underwent off-pump CABG and 15,295 who underwent on-pump CABG met study criteria. Off-pump CABG was associated with higher mortality (33.4% vs. 29.6% at 10 years; hazard ratio [HR]: 1.11; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04 to 1.18; p = 0.002) compared with on-pump CABG. Off-pump CABG was associated with a higher risk of incomplete revascularization (15.7% vs. 8.8%; p < 0.001), which was a predictor of late mortality (HR: 1.10; 95% CI: 1.03 to 1.17; p = 0.006); and higher rates of repeat revascularization (15.4% vs. 14.0% at 10 years; HR: 1.17; 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.37; p = 0.048). There were no significant differences in the rate of stroke, myocardial infarction, or new dialysis. CONCLUSIONS: In this mandatory clinical registry, off-pump was associated with increased incomplete revascularization, repeat revascularization, and mortality at 10 years compared with on-pump CABG, suggesting that on-pump CABG may be the appropriate choice for most patients undergoing surgical revascularization.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Idoso , Competência Clínica , Estudos de Coortes , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , New Jersey/epidemiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Diálise Renal/estatística & dados numéricos , Insuficiência Renal/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal/terapia , Retratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Cirurgiões
14.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 66(6): 470-476, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29852507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite advance in off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) grafting, there are large debating issues regarding survival benefit between OPCAB and on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The aim of this study is to address appropriateness of OPCAB approach in patients with ischemic heart disease having multiple vessels using South Korea national cohort data. METHODS: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of OPCAB, we accessed all causes of death, late repeat revascularization, hospitalization for cerebrovascular accident (CVA), and new renal replacement therapy in patients who underwent isolated CABG with multiple grafting (≥2 grafts) and who were registered in the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service Database between April 2011 and September 2014. RESULTS: OPCAB was performed in 4,692 patients and on-pump CABG in 2,999 patients from 82 hospitals in South Korea. On multivariable analysis, on-pump CABG was associated with a significantly higher adjusted risk of overall all-cause death (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.876, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.587-2.216, p < 0.001) and initiation of new renal replacement therapy (HR: 1.618, 95% CI: 1.124-2.331, p = 0.009). However, we observed no significant difference in repeat revascularization and hospitalization for CVA between the two groups. In propensity score matching, matched patients (2,940 pairs) showed results similar to multivariable analysis that on-pump CABG was associated with a higher overall mortality and initiation of new renal replacement therapy (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: In this study, we found that OPCAB was associated with better survival rates and renal preservation compared with on-pump CABG.


Assuntos
Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/mortalidade , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/etiologia , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/cirurgia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Nefropatias/etiologia , Nefropatias/terapia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Readmissão do Paciente , Pontuação de Propensão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Terapia de Substituição Renal , Reoperação , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 33(2): 129-134, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29898141

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of perioperative administration of N-acetylcysteine, selenium and vitamin C on the incidence and outcomes of acute kidney injury after off-pump coronary bypass graft surgery. METHODS: 291 patients requiring elective off-pump coronary bypass graft surgery were randomized to receive either N-acetylcysteine, vitamin C and selenium 600 mg, 1500 mg, 0.5 mg, and nothing orally twice a day, respectively, from the day before to 2 days after surgery. They were assessed for the development of acute kidney injury using Acute Kidney Injury Network criteria, time of onset, its severity and duration, duration of mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit and hospital length of stay, and in-hospital mortality. RESULTS: 272 patients completed the study. The total incidence of acute kidney injury was 22.1% (n=60) with 14 (20.9%), 15 (22.1%), 21 (31.8%), and 10 (14.1%) patients in the vitamin C, NAC, selenium, and control groups, respectively (P=0.096). We did not register significant differences in the incidence, the time of occurrence, the severity and the duration of acute kidney injury, as well as the duration of mechanical ventilation, the intensive care unit and hospital length of stay, and the in-hospital mortality among the four groups. CONCLUSION: We found that perioperative administration of N-acetylcysteine, vitamin C and selenium were not effective in preventing acute kidney injury and associated morbidity and mortality after off-pump coronary bypass graft surgery.


Assuntos
Acetilcisteína/uso terapêutico , Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/prevenção & controle , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Ácido Ascórbico/uso terapêutico , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Selênio/uso terapêutico , Lesão Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Substituição Renal , Respiração Artificial , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Heart Surg Forum ; 21(3): E151-E157, 2018 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29893671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) should be performed on- or off-pump remains a matter of debate. We aim to present our experience with off-pump CABG. Early clinical outcome and adverse events were analyzed over the time course of the study. Methods: A total of 4310 patients undergoing isolated off- pump CABG from January 2002 until December 2016 at the Malabar Institute of Medical Sciences in India were included. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative, as well as follow-up data were prospectively collected. To analyze the differences of patient characteristics and outcomes over time, five-year periods were created (early: 2002-2006; middle: 2007-2011; late: 2012-2016). Traditional techniques of quality control monitoring were applied. Results: The mean age of our patients was 59 ± 9 years, and 13% (533) were female. Postoperative mortality was observed in 0.7% (25), acute renal failure and stroke in 0.2% (8) each, and mediastinitis in 1.2% (53) of the patients. Despite the progressive worsening of the patient risk profile, significant improvement in mortality was observed over time, while stroke, acute renal failure, and mediastinitis remained similar. Continuous quality control monitoring revealed that the system was within the control boundaries for the entire period of the study. The current probability of 30-day mortality or conversion to on-pump CABG is about 0.5%. Conclusion: Off-pump CABG is safe and effective for patients undergoing CABG. It can provide superior results compared to on-pump CABG, particularly when performed by a dedicated off-pump surgeon.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Previsões , Complicações Intraoperatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Angiografia Coronária , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Med Sci Monit ; 24: 3307-3314, 2018 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29779035

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The co-existence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and lung cancer is increasing in an increasingly aging population. The aim of this study was to evaluate patient outcome from combined off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and lung resection in patients more than 50 years-of-age. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective clinical study of 23 patients with a mean age of 70.2±8.4 years (range, 51-86 years) included 18 men and five women with CHD and lung cancer who underwent a single operation with combined off-pump CABG surgery and lung resection, for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (n=22) and small cell lung cancer (n=1). Surgical approaches included: median sternotomy in six patients; left lateral thoracotomy in nine patients; a median sternotomy in three patients; median sternotomy combined with thoracoscopic lobectomy in five patients. RESULTS In the retrospective study of 23 patients, there were no deaths and no new cases of myocardial infarction (MI) in the immediate perioperative period. During the follow-up period, six patients died from lung cancer metastasis or recurrence; one patient died of acute renal failure; and one patient died from the effects of chemotherapy. The remaining 15 patients underwent postoperative follow-up for between 3-79 months with no deaths and no new cases of MI. CONCLUSIONS For patients who are more than 50 years-of-age and who have CHD and lung cancer, a single combined operation that includes off-pump CABG and lung resection can be safe and effective.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 24(4): 193-199, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29780070

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine to what extent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects mortality and morbidity rates in patients treated with off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). METHODS: A total of 321 patients treated with off-pump CABG were included in the present study. Of the 321 patients, 46 patients had COPD and they were designated as Group 1 and the remaining 275 patients did not have COPD and they were considered as Group 2. We compared the data obtained from the patients in both groups. RESULTS: While preoperative spirometry values and arterial blood gas oxygen saturation levels were significantly lower, the partial values of carbon dioxide were higher in Group 1. Likewise, extubation time, the amount of drainage and blood transfusion, inotropic support, prolonged intubation, pulmonary complications, the use of bronchodilators, and steroids were statistically higher in Group 1 when compared with Group 2. Overall, there was no marked difference between the two groups in terms of mortality incidence. CONCLUSION: We found similar morbidity and mortality rates among the patients with COPD and without COPD when they were treated with off-pump CABG. Therefore, the present results indicate that the presence of COPD is not associated with in-hospital mortality or severe morbidity post-CABG by off-pump approach.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Idoso , Gasometria , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/mortalidade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espirometria , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 106(2): 526-531, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29608874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is an ongoing debate focusing on clinical outcomes after off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCABG) and on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (ONCABG). The objective of the present meta-analysis is to update and compare repeat revascularization rates between OPCABG and ONCABG procedures. METHODS: Data sources including PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and ISI Web of Knowledge were searched between 1966 and October 2017. Studies considered for inclusion should conform to the following criteria: prospective randomized clinical trials comparing OPCABG and ONCABG. Outcome should include repeat revascularization rate at the time of 1-month, 1-year, or 5-year follow-up. RESULTS: A literature search yielded 11 randomized controlled trials, and a total of 11,246 patients were randomly allocated to OPCABG or ONCABG procedures. Pooled analysis demonstrated a statistically significant 53% increase in repeat revascularization rate at 1-year follow-up with OPCABG relative to ONCABG in the fixed effects model (odds ratio 1.53, 95% confidence interval: 1.17 to 2.00, p = 0.002), whereas there was no significant difference in repeat revascularization rate at 5-year follow-up between OPCABG and ONCABG in the fixed effects model (OR 1.16, 95% confidence interval: 0.95 to 1.41, p = 0.14). In general, exclusion of any single trial did not affect repeat revascularization rate at 1-year and 5-year follow-up. There was no evidence of significant publication bias. CONCLUSIONS: The result of our meta-analysis suggests that compared with ONCABG, OPCABG increases repeat revascularization rate at 1-year follow-up, but does not affect that of 5-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Reoperação/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Reoperação/mortalidade , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Am Heart J ; 198: 33-38, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29653645

RESUMO

For advanced coronary disease, coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery generally improves patients' symptoms and long-term survival. Unfortunately, some patients experience worse health-related quality of life (HRQL) after CABG. The objective of this study is to report the frequency and risk factors associated with 1-year post-CABG HRQL deterioration. METHODS: From 2002 to 2007, 2203 "Randomized On/Off Bypass" (ROOBY) trial patients randomly received either off-pump or on-pump CABG at 18 VA medical centers. Subjects completed both baseline and 1-year Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) and the Veterans Rand 36 (VR-36) questionnaires to assess HRQL. Using previously published criteria, the rates of clinically significant changes were determined for the SAQ [angina frequency (AF), physical limitation (PL), and quality of life (QoL)] and VR36 [mental component score (MCS) and physical component score (PCS)] subscales. Multivariate regression models were then used to identify pre-CABG patient characteristics associated with worsened 1-year HRQL status for each subscale. RESULTS: Over 80% of patients had an improvement or no change in SAQ and VR-36 subscale scores 1 year after CABG. The HRQL scale-specific deterioration rates were 4.5% SAQ-AF, 16.8% SAQ-PL, 4.9% SAQ-QoL, 19.4% VR36-MCS, and 13.5% VR36-PCS. Predictors of 1-year HRQL deterioration were diabetes and smoking for the SAQ-AF; diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and peripheral vascular disease (PVD) for SAQ-PL; COPD and depression for the SAQ-QoL; diabetes for VR36-PCS, and history of stroke and depression for VR36-MCS. The baseline score was an independent predictor for worsening in all the subscales studied. CONCLUSIONS: Among VA patients, less than 20% experienced worse HRQL 1 year after CABG. For patients with low symptom burden at baseline, diabetes, smoking, depression, PVD, COPD, and a prior stroke, clinicians should be more cautious in pre-CABG counseling as to their anticipated HRQL improvements.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Estenose Coronária/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Comorbidade , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/métodos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/mortalidade , Feminino , Hospitais de Veteranos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
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