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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17435, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577762

RESUMO

To compare the efficacies of 3-dimensional laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and conventional laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for complex renal tumors. The complex renal tumors was defined as Preoperative Aspects and Dimensions Used for an anatomical (PADAU) ≥10, including some cT1b tumors.This was a retrospective analysis of patients with local complex renal tumors who presented to our hospital from January 2014 to January 2018. All patients were managed with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) or 3-dimensional partial nephrectomy (3DLPN).There were 48 patients in the LPN group and 60 in the 3DLPN group. In the matched groups, demographic and tumor characteristics including Charlson Comorbidity Index, PADUA, based on the preoperative images, were similar. By contrast, 3DLPN achieved better results in terms of warm ischemia time (19 vs 27 minutes), operation time (105 vs 128 minutes), postoperative complications (14.9% vs 23.4%), and marginal width (0.6 cm vs 0.4 cm). We found statistically significant differences in terms of length of stay, estimated blood loss (EBL), positive surgical margin (PSM), and conversion to open or radical nephrectomy (RN). Median follow-up time was 17 and 18.5 months for the LPN and 3DLPN groups, respectively. The recovery of renal function (% change eGFR, 0 vs -8.7) was significantly different between the 3DLPN and LPN groups, whereas 12-month recurrence-free survival did not differ.Both 3-dimensional laparoscopic nephron-sparing nephrectomy and conventional laparoscopic partial nephrectomy are safe, effective, and acceptable approaches to treating complex renal tumors, while the former may facilitate tumor resection and renorrhaphy for challenging cases, offering a minimally invasive surgical option for patients who may otherwise require open surgery.


Assuntos
Imagem Tridimensional , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Nefrectomia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Isquemia Quente
2.
BMJ ; 367: l5678, 2019 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619384

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine if postnatal transfer or birth in a non-tertiary hospital is associated with adverse outcomes. DESIGN: Observational cohort study with propensity score matching. SETTING: National health service neonatal care in England; population data held in the National Neonatal Research Database. PARTICIPANTS: Extremely preterm infants born at less than 28 gestational weeks between 2008 and 2015 (n=17 577) grouped based on birth hospital and transfer within 48 hours of birth: upward transfer (non-tertiary to tertiary hospital, n=2158), non-tertiary care (born in non-tertiary hospital; not transferred, n=2668), and controls (born in tertiary hospital; not transferred, n=10 866). Infants were matched on propensity scores and predefined background variables to form subgroups with near identical distributions of confounders. Infants transferred between tertiary hospitals (horizontal transfer) were separately matched to controls in a 1:5 ratio. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Death, severe brain injury, and survival without severe brain injury. RESULTS: 2181 infants, 727 from each group (upward transfer, non-tertiary care, and control) were well matched. Compared with controls, infants in the upward transfer group had no significant difference in the odds of death before discharge (odds ratio 1.22, 95% confidence interval 0.92 to 1.61) but significantly higher odds of severe brain injury (2.32, 1.78 to 3.06; number needed to treat (NNT) 8) and significantly lower odds of survival without severe brain injury (0.60, 0.47 to 0.76; NNT 9). Compared with controls, infants in the non-tertiary care group had significantly higher odds of death (1.34, 1.02 to 1.77; NNT 20) but no significant difference in the odds of severe brain injury (0.95, 0.70 to 1.30) or survival without severe brain injury (0.82, 0.64 to 1.05). Compared with infants in the upward transfer group, infants in the non-tertiary care group had no significant difference in death before discharge (1.10, 0.84 to 1.44) but significantly lower odds of severe brain injury (0.41, 0.31 to 0.53; NNT 8) and significantly higher odds of survival without severe brain injury (1.37, 1.09 to 1.73; NNT 14). No significant differences were found in outcomes between the horizontal transfer group (n=305) and controls (n=1525). CONCLUSIONS: In extremely preterm infants, birth in a non-tertiary hospital and transfer within 48 hours are associated with poor outcomes when compared with birth in a tertiary setting. We recommend perinatal services promote pathways that facilitate delivery of extremely preterm infants in tertiary hospitals in preference to postnatal transfer.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Salas de Parto , Doenças do Prematuro , Transferência de Pacientes , Lesões Encefálicas/diagnóstico , Lesões Encefálicas/etiologia , Lesões Encefálicas/mortalidade , Salas de Parto/classificação , Salas de Parto/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Mortalidade Infantil , Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Recém-Nascido , Doenças do Prematuro/diagnóstico , Doenças do Prematuro/etiologia , Doenças do Prematuro/mortalidade , Masculino , Transferência de Pacientes/métodos , Transferência de Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Análise de Sobrevida , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17637, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626150

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of tumor burden on the survival of patients with pathologic T3N0M0 (pT3N0M0) esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).A total of 84 patients with pathologic T3N0M0 ESCC treated with radical esophagectomy and 3-field lymphadenectomy (3-FL) from January 2008 to December 2009 in our center were analyzed. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to calculate the optimal cutoff value. The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to assess the overall survival (OS) differences between groups. A regression model was applied to identify prognostic factors for OS. Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to adjust for the imbalance and indication biases in the 2 groups.The median follow-up time was 62 months (range, 1-84 months), and the 5-year OS rate was 62% (95% confidence interval, 52.2-71.8%). According to the ROC curve analysis, the optimal cutoff values for the maximal esophageal wall thickness, tumor length, and tumor volume were 1.3 cm, 5.9 cm, and 18.6 cc, respectively. Univariate analysis revealed that maximal esophageal wall thickness >1.3 cm (P = .014), tumor volume >18.6 cc (P < .001), and vascular invasion (P < .001) were significantly associated with OS. The multivariate Cox regression model identified tumor volume and vascular invasion as factors affecting OS. After propensity matching, patients with a tumor volume ≤18.6 cc had a better OS than those with a tumor volume >18.6 cc (5-year OS, 85% vs 50%, P = .008).Tumor volume may serve as a good prognostic factor for patients with pT3N0M0 ESCC treated with radical esophagectomy and 3-FL. Larger-scale studies are warranted to validate these findings.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/diagnóstico , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Pontuação de Propensão , Carga Tumoral , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/cirurgia , Esofagectomia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
Am Surg ; 85(9): 1066-1072, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638526

RESUMO

To assess renal transplant outcomes after donation by kidney-only (KO) versus multiple-organ (MO) donors on a national scale. The United Network for Organ Sharing database was examined for patients undergoing isolated kidney transplant from a deceased donor from 2000 through 2016. Comparison was made between recipients of grafts from KO versus MO donors at baseline and in a cohort of KO and MO recipients matched via propensity scoring. Outcomes of interest included delayed graft function (DGF), patient survival, and the cumulative incidence of graft loss. There were 33,326 recipients in the KO cohort versus 144,690 in the MO cohort. Donation after cardiac death donors were more prevalent in the KO group (43.8% vs 5.3%; P < 0.001). DGF occurred in 36.1 per cent of the KO versus 22.7 per cent of the MO recipients (P < 0.001). Five-year survival was 79.5 per cent versus 83.4 per cent (P < 0.001) in the KO versus MO group. After propensity matching, DGF was still more common in the KO group (33.1% vs 30.1%; P < 0.001). Patient survival was similar (79.5% KO vs 80.1% MO; P = 0.117). Cumulative incidence of graft loss was higher in the KO group (17.8% vs 16.8%). Survival outcomes from KO donors are actually quite good and should not be considered as inferior to MO donors.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Doadores de Tecidos , Cadáver , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
BMC Surg ; 19(1): 137, 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is common in elderly patients. Laparoscopy is widely used to approach this kind of disease. This study was to examine short-term outcomes and long-term survival for laparoscopic and open surgery in elderly patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS: From January 2007 to December 2018, patients with colorectal cancer older than 80 operated at China National Cancer Center were included in the study. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to minimize the adverse effects. The clinical data between open and laparoscopic surgery was compared, and the effect of factors on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was analyzed by Cox proportional hazard model. RESULTS: Ninety-three pairs were selected after PSM. Patients in laparoscopic group had less intraoperative blood loss, postoperative complications, time to first flatus, time to oral feeding, postoperative hospital stay, and higher retrieved lymph node (P < 0.05). The OS and DFS rates were similar (P > 0.05), besides the CEA level, III/IV stage, and perineural invasion were independent predictors of survival (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In elderly patients with colorectal cancer, laparoscopic surgery had better short-term outcomes than open surgery. CEA level, III/IV stage, and perineural invasion were reliable predictors for OS and DFS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1070-1076, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484856

RESUMO

The efficacy of drug-coated balloons (DCB) for in-stent restenosis (ISR) in hemodialysis (HD) patients remains unclear.We retrospectively evaluated 153 consecutive patients who underwent DCB for ISR with follow-ups for up to 3 years after the procedure between February 2014 and June 2017. Patients were divided into an HD group (n = 39) and a non-HD group (n = 114). The primary endpoint was target lesion revascularization (TLR). The secondary endpoints were all revascularizations and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as cardiac death, myocardial infarction and cerebral infarction. Kaplan-Meier curves of survival free from TLR were compared between the two groups. We also performed propensity score matching and then compared the two matched groups (n = 27 in each group). The acute procedure success rate was similar for the two groups (100% versus 99.1%, P = 0.56). The incidence of TLR was higher in the HD group than in the non-HD group (41.0% versus 9.6%, P < 0.0001). The rate of revascularizations and MACE combined was significantly higher in the HD group than in the non-HD group (64.1% versus 17.5%, P < 0.0001). Kaplan-Meier analyses showed that survival free from TLR was significantly lower in the HD group than in the non-HD group both before and after propensity score matching (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.005, respectively; log-rank test).Contrary to the similar acute procedure success, recurrent ISR and MACE occurred more frequently in HD patients than in non-HD patients after DCB, which indicates poorer long-term efficacy of DCB in HD patients.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Cateteres Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Reestenose Coronária/terapia , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Diálise Renal/métodos , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Causas de Morte , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Reestenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/mortalidade , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Revascularização Miocárdica/mortalidade , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Diálise Renal/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1022-1029, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484858

RESUMO

Optical coherence tomography (OCT)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may increase contrast volume. However, the impact of OCT-guided PCI on the decline in kidney function (DKF) in actual clinical practice remains unclear.Among 1,003 consecutive patients who underwent either OCT-guided or intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided PCI in our institute, we identified 202 propensity score-matched pairs adjusted by baseline factors. The incidence of DKF was compared between the OCT-guided PCI group and the IVUS-guided PCI group. DKF was defined as an increase in serum creatinine level of ≥ 0.5 mg/dL or a relative increase of ≥ 25% over baseline within 48 hours (acute DKF) or 1 month (sustained DKF) after PCI.Baseline characteristics, including the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (54% versus 46%, P = 0.09), were comparable between the OCT- and IVUS-guided PCI groups except for the age. The contrast volume was comparable between the two groups (153 ± 56 versus 144 ± 60 mL, P = 0.09), although it was significantly greater in the OCT-guided PCI group in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS; 175 ± 55 versus 159 ± 43 mL, P = 0.04). The incidence of acute DKF (0.5% versus 2.5%, P = 0.22) and sustained DKF (5.0% versus 10.4%, P = 0.31) was comparable between the two groups. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that ACS (odds ratio 4.74, 95% confidence interval 2.72-8.25, P < 0.001) was a predictor of sustained DKF.Compared with IVUS-guided PCI, OCT-guided PCI did not increase the incidence of DKF in actual clinical practice, although the increased contrast volume was observed in ACS cases.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Idoso , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Japão , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Segurança do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/efeitos adversos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/efeitos adversos
9.
Lancet ; 394(10206): 1344-1351, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A small proportion of patients undergoing primary prophylactic implantation of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) experiences malignant arrhythmias. We postulated that periodic repolarisation dynamics, a novel marker of sympathetic-activity-associated repolarisation instability, could be used to identify electrically vulnerable patients who would benefit from prophylactic implantation of ICDs by way of a reduction in mortality. METHODS: We did a prespecified substudy of EUropean Comparative Effectiveness Research to Assess the Use of Primary ProphylacTic Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (EU-CERT-ICD), a prospective, investigator-initiated, non-randomised, controlled cohort study done at 44 centres in 15 EU countries. Patients aged 18 years or older with ischaemic or non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (≤35%) were eligible for inclusion if they met guideline-based criteria for primary prophylactic implantation of ICDs. Periodic repolarisation dynamics from 24-h Holter recordings were assessed blindly in patients the day before ICD implantation or on the day of study enrolment in patients who were conservatively managed. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Propensity scoring and multivariable models were used to assess the interaction between periodic repolarisation dynamics and the treatment effect of ICDs on mortality. FINDINGS: Between May 12, 2014, and Sept 7, 2018, 1371 patients were enrolled in our study. 968 of these patients underwent ICD implantation, and 403 were treated conservatively. During follow-up (median 2·7 years [IQR 2·0-3·3] in the ICD group and 1·2 years [0·8-2·7] in the control group), 138 (14%) patients died in the ICD group and 64 (16%) patients died in the control group. We noted a 43% reduction in mortality in the ICD group compared with the control group (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0·57 [95% CI 0·41-0·79]; p=0·0008). Periodic repolarisation dynamics significantly predicted the treatment effect of ICDs on mortality (adjusted p=0·0307). The mortality benefits associated with ICD implantation were greater in patients with periodic repolarisation dynamics of 7·5 deg or higher (n=199; adjusted HR 0·25 [95% CI 0·13-0·47] for the ICD group vs the control group; p<0·0001) than in those with periodic repolarisation dynamics less than 7·5 deg (n=1166; adjusted HR 0·69 [95% CI 0·47-1·00]; p=0·0492; pinteraction=0·0056). The number needed to treat was 18·3 (95% CI 10·6-4895·3) in patients with periodic repolarisation dynamics less than 7·5 deg and 3·1 (2·6-4·8) in those with periodic repolarisation dynamics of 7·5 deg or higher. INTERPRETATION: Periodic repolarisation dynamics predict mortality reductions associated with prophylactic implantation of ICDs in contemporarily treated patients with ischaemic or non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy. Periodic repolarisation dynamics could help to guide treatment decisions about prophylactic ICD implantation. FUNDING: The European Community's 7th Framework Programme.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Arritmias Cardíacas/prevenção & controle , Cardiomiopatias/terapia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Cardioversão Elétrica , Idoso , Cardiomiopatias/complicações , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Estudos de Coortes , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Volume Sistólico
11.
BMJ ; 366: l5125, 2019 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562117

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether fenofibrate as add-on to statin treatment reduce persistent cardiovascular risk in adults with metabolic syndrome in a real world setting. DESIGN: Propensity matched cohort study. SETTING: Population based cohort in Korea. PARTICIPANTS: 29 771 adults with metabolic syndrome (≥40 years) receiving statin treatment. 2156 participants receiving combined treatment (statin plus fenofibrate) were weighted based on propensity score in a 1:5 ratio with 8549 participants using statin only treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Primary outcome was composite cardiovascular events including incident coronary heart disease, ischaemic stroke, and death from cardiovascular causes. RESULTS: The incidence rate per 1000 person years of composite cardiovascular events was 17.7 (95% confidence interval 14.4 to 21.8) in the combined treatment group and 22.0 (20.1 to 24.1) in the statin group. The risk of composite cardiovascular events was significantly reduced in the combined treatment group compared with statin group (adjusted hazard ratio 0.74, 95% confidence interval 0.58 to 0.93; P=0.01). The significance was maintained in the on-treatment analysis (hazard ratio 0.63, 95% confidence interval 0.44 to 0.92; P=0.02). The risk of incident coronary heart disease, ischaemic stroke, and cardiovascular death was lower in the combined treatment group than statin group but was not significant. Participant characteristics did not appear to be associated with the low risk of composite cardiovascular events with combined treatment. CONCLUSION: In this propensity weighted cohort study of adults with metabolic syndrome, the risk of major cardiovascular events was significantly lower with fenofibrate as add-on to statin treatment than with statin treatment alone.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Fenofibrato/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Metabólica/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Quimioterapia Combinada/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipolipemiantes/uso terapêutico , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Pontuação de Propensão , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16551, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393356

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory process that is occasionally associated with complications that cause significant morbidity and mortality. Studies in experimental animal models have demonstrated a beneficial effect of cannabis on intestinal inflammation. It is however unknown if this corresponds to fewer complications for patients with Ulcerative Colitis.We aimed to compare the prevalence of UC related complications and certain key clinical endpoints among cannabis users and nonusers hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of UC, or primary diagnosis of a UC-related complication with a secondary diagnosis of UC.Using data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-National Inpatient Sample (NIS) during 2010-2014, a total of 298 cannabis users with UC were compared to a propensity score matched group of nonusers with UC. We evaluated several UC-related complications and clinical endpoints.Within our matched cohort, prevalence of partial or total colectomy was lower in cannabis users compared to nonusers (4.4% vs 9.7%, P = .010) and there was a trend toward a lower prevalence of bowel obstruction (6.4% vs 10.7%, P = .057). Cannabis users had shorter hospital length-of-stay (4.5 vs 5.7 days P < .007) compared to their nonuser counterparts.Cannabis use may mitigate some of the well described complications of UC among hospitalized patients. Our findings need further evaluation, ideally through more rigorous clinical trials.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/complicações , Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Uso da Maconha/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Colectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Colite Ulcerativa/patologia , Colite Ulcerativa/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16767, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393396

RESUMO

There are limited long-term outcome data comparing BioLinx polymer (B)-zotarolimus-eluting stents (ZES) with phosphorylcholine polymer (P)-ZES. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of B-ZES with P-ZES in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) during a 3-year follow-up period.One thousand two hundred fifty four patients who underwent PCI with P-ZES (Endeavor [ZES-E] or Endeavor sprint [ZES-S], n = 356) or B-ZES (Endeavor resolute [ZES-R] or Resolute Integrity [ZES-I], n = 889) were enrolled. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE); the composite of total death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), non-target vessel revascularization (Non-TVR), and the secondary endpoint was stent thrombosis (ST).After PSM, 2 propensity-matched (PSM) groups (275 pairs, n = 550, C-statistic = 0.730) were generated. During the 3-year follow-up period, the cumulative incidence of MACE (hazard ratio [HR], 1.525; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.920-2.526; P = .101) and ST (HR, 1.248; 95% CI, 0.335-4.4649; P = .741) were similar between P-ZES and B-ZES after PSM. However, TLR rate was significantly higher in ZES-S than ZES-I (11.3% vs 3.8%, log rank P = .029) and TVR rate was higher in ZES-S than ZES-R (14.1% vs 4.8%, log rank P = .025).In this single-center, all-comer registry, despite different polymers, P-ZES, and B-ZES showed comparable safety and efficacy during a 3-year follow-up period after PCI.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Fosforilcolina/administração & dosagem , Sirolimo/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Polímeros , Pontuação de Propensão , Desenho de Prótese , Reoperação , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem
14.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(8): 585-590, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422627

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and feasibility of laparoscopic resection for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) in unfavorable location by comparing with open surgery. Methods: Clinicopathological and follow-up data of 176 patients with gastric GIST in unfavorable location admitted at Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2005 to December 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 94 males and 82 females, aging of (57.4±12.7) years (range: 20-90 years). Of the 176 patients, 64 underwent laparoscopic surgery (laparoscopic group) and 112 underwent open surgery (open group). One-to-one propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to balance the covariance between laparoscopic group and open surgery group. Before PSM, the differences between the two group in tumor size and modified National Institutes of Health risk classification were significant. After PSM, there were 63 pairs (63 cases in laparoscopic group and 63 cases in open group) and the baseline characteristics were comparable between the two groups(P>0.05). The difference of short-term outcome between the two groups were compared using t test, χ(2) test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test. The survival curve was established by Kaplan-Meier method and the Log-rank test was used to compare the survival of the two groups. Results: The operation time of laparoscopic group was shorter ((141.6±100.6) minutes vs. (100.4±67.7) minutes, t=2.681, P=0.008), the hospitalization cost was higher ((5.2±0.7) ten thousand yuan vs. (4.2±0.8) ten thousand yuan, t=7.357, P=0.000) than open group. The time to first flatus ((49.1±8.2) hours vs. (71.0±4.6) hours, t=-18.482, P=0.000) and preoperative hospital stay ((10.3±6.0) days vs. (14.8±7.6) days, t=-3.717, P=0.000) was shorter in laparoscopic group. With a median follow-up time of 44 months (range: 10 to 154 months), the 1-, 3-, 5-year relapse-free survival rates in the laparoscopic group and open group were 98.3%, 92.1%, 92.1% and 100%, 86.3%, 83.2%, respectively (χ(2)=0.696, P=0.404). The 1-, 3-, 5-year overall survival rates in the laparoscopic group and open group were 96.6%, 94.7%, 94.7% and 100%, 91.1%, 81.4%, respectively (χ(2)=0.366, P=0.545). Conclusions: In experienced medical centers, laparoscopic resection is safe and feasible for GIST in unfavorable location. Compared to open surgery, laparoscopic resection achieves a faster postoperative recovery and a similar long-term prognosis.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Convalescença , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gastrectomia/mortalidade , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/mortalidade , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(30): 2332-2336, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434412

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinicopathologic implications of multifocal thyroid papillary carcinoma on poor prognostic outcomes. Methods: The clinical data of 1 681 patients suffering thyroid papillary carcinoma (PTC) was collected between June 2014 and June 2018 at the Department of Thyroid Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, including 1 299 female cases and 382 male cases, with a mean age of (44.4±11.5) years, ranging from 11 to 76 years. The male-to-female ratio was 1∶3.4. The relationship between multifocality and poor prognostic indicators was further retrospectively analyzed. Results: Patients with multifocal papillary thyroid carcinoma were older [(46.4±11.0) years vs (43.5±11.5) years, P<0.001] and had larger tumor diameter [0.8(0.5, 0.8) cm vs 0.7(0.5, 0.7) cm, P<0.001]. The tumors were much easier to have infiltrative tumor margin, extrathyroidal extension and lymph node metastasis with multifocality (all P<0.05). The propensity score matching method was further used to match the confounding factors. Bilateral multifocal thyroid cancer was an independent risk factor for extrathyroidal extension (OR=1.983, 95%CI: 1.379-2.852, P<0.001), central lymph node metastasis (OR=2.393, 95%CI: 1.797-3.187, P<0.001) and lateral lymph node metastasis(OR=3.327, 95%CI: 2.253-4.912, P<0.001). However, unilateral multifocal thyroid cancerhad no effect on the unfavorable prognostic indicators. Conclusions: Central compartment neck dissection is not recommended for unilateral multifocal thyroid cancer. However, we recommend central lymph node dissection for bilateral multifocality in PTC patients. If necessary, lateral compartment neck dissection is also supposed to be considered when lateral lymph node metastasis exists.


Assuntos
Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esvaziamento Cervical , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tireoidectomia
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e16953, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464935

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with large defects in the annulus fibrosus following lumbar discectomy have high rates of symptomatic reherniation. The Barricaid annular closure device provides durable occlusion of the annular defect and has been shown to significantly lower the risk of symptomatic reherniation in a large European randomized trial. However, the performance of the Barricaid device in a United States (US) population has not been previously reported. DESIGN AND METHODS: This is a historically controlled post-market multicenter study to determine the safety and efficacy of the Barricaid device when used in addition to primary lumbar discectomy in a US population. A total of 75 patients with large annular defects will receive the Barricaid device following lumbar discectomy at up to 25 sites in the US and will return for clinical and imaging follow-up at 4 weeks, 3 months, and 1 year. Trial oversight will be provided by a data safety monitoring board and imaging studies will be read by an independent imaging core laboratory. Patients treated with the Barricaid device in a previous European randomized trial with comparable eligibility criteria, surgical procedures, and outcome measures will serve as historical controls. Main outcomes will include back pain severity, leg pain severity, Oswestry Disability Index, health utility on the EuroQol-5 Dimension questionnaire, complications, symptomatic reherniation, and reoperation. Propensity score adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting will be used to adjust for differences in baseline patient characteristics between the US trial participants and European historical controls. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study was approved by a central institutional review board. The study results of this trial will be widely disseminated at conference proceedings and published in peer-reviewed journals. The outcomes of this study will have important clinical and economic implications for all stakeholders involved in treating patients with lumbar discectomy in the US. STUDY REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov (https://clinicaltrials.gov): NCT03986580. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.


Assuntos
Discotomia/métodos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Vigilância de Produtos Comercializados , Pontuação de Propensão , Qualidade de Vida , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estados Unidos
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