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1.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(1): 56-61, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381802

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the current study is to assess the influence of Coca-Cola drinks on the overall color of glazed or polished porcelain veneers fabricated of three different porcelain systems and two different thicknesses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 96 ceramic disk specimens were fabricated. The ceramic veneers were prepared to a standardized thickness of 1.0 mm ± 0.025 mm and 0.6 ± 0.025 (48 samples each group) using the following ceramic systems: Zircon, E-max press, and E-max CAD/CAM. Veneer samples from each system were divided into two subgroups (n = 8). First subgroup samples were glazed according to the manufacturer's instructions, and the other subgroup samples were adjusted with diamond burs then polished with ceramic polishing kit. Color was measured with Vita Easyshade spectrophotometer. Then all samples immersed with Cola drink, for 4 weeks, in a thermocycling machine and then the color were measured again and color change was recorded. RESULTS: Significant differences in color change were noticed before and after immersing with Coca-Cola and thermocycling for all materials and thicknesses used (p < 0.01). Significant differences in color changes were noticed between glazed and polished samples (p < 0.001). No significant differences in color change were noticed when using different thicknesses for all materials used (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Different porcelain materials have shown significant color changes after immersing and thermocycling in Coca-Cola drinks. The color changes of polished porcelain specimens were more considerable than those of polished specimens for all porcelain materials and thicknesses used. This suggests reglazing of all esthetic restoration after any adjustments might be performed and before final cementation in an attempt to maintain the color stability in oral environment. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: To achieve a perfect color stability of ceramic veneers, clinicians should take into consideration the possible color deviations that might result after any adjustment followed by polishing procedures to the ceramic surface. And, it is always preferable to do reglazing of porcelain restorations after any surface treatments and before final cementation.


Assuntos
Coca , Cola , Cor , Porcelana Dentária , Estética Dentária
2.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(2): 183-189, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381825

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate and validate minimal thickness required for computer-aided designed (CAD) and computer-aided manufactured (CAM) monolithic zirconia crowns to withstand occlusal load. The study compares two systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight rapid prototype die models with varying occlusal reductions were fabricated. Group I samples had an axial wall height of 7.0 mm with occlusal reduction of 0.5 mm, group II had axial wall height 6.5 mm with occlusal reduction 1.0 mm, group III had axial wall height 6.0 mm with occlusal reduction of 1.5 mm. Control group IV had axial wall height 5.5 mm with occlusal reduction of 2.0 mm. Laboratories A (Czar) and B (3M) were provided with 24 samples each, 6 samples in each group for fabricating CAD/CAM monolithic zirconia crowns of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2 mm occlusal thickness, respectively, and cemented using resin-modified glass ionomer cement over the die models. Samples were loaded on a universal testing machine for fracture testing. Surface topography analysis of fractured specimens was done under the scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results were subjected to one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and honestly significant difference (HSD) Tukey test to analyze statistical significance at 0.05 levels. RESULTS: Samples of laboratory A performed superior to laboratory B. The t test showed fracture resistance of group AI (0.5 mm) > group BII (1.0 mm) and also group AIII (1.5 mm) > control of Lab B (2 mm). CONCLUSION: Monolithic zirconia crowns showed a favorable mechanical property to withstand occlusal load with minimal tooth preparation. The occlusal thickness of Czar with 0.5 mm is found to resist fracture under physiological masticatory load. Scanning electron microscope revealed increased voids in the microstructure of 3M, which lead to decreased fracture resistance. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Preservation of tooth structure can be considered using monolithic crowns with minimal thickness of 1 mm.


Assuntos
Porcelana Dentária , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Coroas , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Zircônio
3.
Am J Dent ; 33(2): 59-63, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32259408

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation over different restorative dental materials. METHODS: Using a bioreactor over 72 hours, four commercially available ceramics were evaluated: IPS E-max Press, IPS E-max CAD, Lava Ultimate CAD-CAM, Vita Enamic and two resin composites (SR Nexco Paste and Brilliant NG). The results were evaluated using atomic force microscopy and confocal microscopy, the biofilm was stained and the arbitrary fluorescence units (AFU) quantified. RESULTS: The results showed that IPS E-max CAD had the lowest roughness values (4.29±1.79 nm), while the highest values were observed for Vita Enamic discs ( (77.13±17.35 nm). Analysis of S. mutans biofilm formation by AFU revealed lower values for IPS E-max CAD (6.77±1.67 nm); the highest values were found for Lava Ultimate (79.99±22.23 nm). Regarding the composite groups, SR Nexco Paste showed roughness values of 15.07±2.77 nm and lower arbitrary fluorescence units of 30.92±12.01 nm than Brilliant NT. There was a correlation between the surface roughness of ceramics and composite with S. mutans biofilm formation. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The adhesion of oral bacteria to restorative dental materials plays a key role in the success of dental treatment; the surface roughness influences the S. mutans biofilm formation.


Assuntos
Materiais Dentários , Streptococcus mutans , Biofilmes , Cerâmica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Porcelana Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
4.
Int J Prosthodont ; 33(3): 272-276, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320179

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the clinical behavior of screw-retained monolithic lithium disilicate (LDS) implant-supported single crowns (ISSCs) over a 1-year follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 28 patients were restored with 45 screw-retained monolithic LDS (press-fabricated) ISSCs bonded to titanium bases in posterior sites. Modified United States Public Health Service criteria and Kaplan-Meier survival and success rates were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 27 patients with 44 ISSCs were evaluated 12 months (mean ± standard deviation: 13.02 ± 2.28) after prosthesis delivery. No implant or crown failures occurred. The Kaplan-Meier survival and success rates were each 100% after 1 year. Minorly increased surface roughness was noted in the occlusal contact point areas of 9 ISSCs (20.5% Bravo rating). Marginal adaptation, color match, and anatomical form stayed favorable over time. CONCLUSION: Press-fabricated LDS monolithic screw-retained implant crowns appear to be a promising treatment option for posterior implants under short-term observation.


Assuntos
Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Parafusos Ósseos , Porcelana Dentária , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Humanos , Dados Preliminares , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
Int J Prosthodont ; 33(3): 292-296, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320182

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the 10-year clinical retention and survival rates of metal-ceramic (MC) and all-ceramic (AC) cantilever resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (CRBFDPs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty CRBFDPs constructed from either cobalt-chromium ceramic (MC group; n = 20) or glass-infiltrated alumina ceramic (AC group; n = 20) were placed in 40 patients between August 2007 and December 2009. After baseline recordings, the patients were followed up using modified United States Public Health Services (USPHS) criteria after 6 months and thereafter annually for 10 years. Data were statistically analyzed using Kaplan-Meier estimation with log-rank (Mantel-Cox) test. RESULTS: The 10-year clinical retention rate was 95.0% in the MC group and 70% in the AC group. The difference was statistically significant (P = .02, log-rank test). Three all-ceramic CRBFDPs fractured at 6, 12, and 84 months after insertion. No statistically significant difference in survival rate was observed between the MC and AC groups over the 10 years of clinical observation (MC: 100%; AC: 85%; P = .075) (Kaplan-Meier method, confidence interval = 92.5% to 97.5%). CONCLUSION: Although glass-infiltrated alumina ceramic anterior CRBFDPs exhibited a lower clinical retention rate compared to metal-ceramic CRBFDPs, the debonded prostheses were recemented and continued in function over the observation period. Additionally, an acceptable 10-year clinical longevity was recorded.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Planejamento de Dentadura , Cerâmica , Porcelana Dentária , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Int J Prosthodont ; 33(3): 307-314, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320184

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the impact of different veneering techniques on the fracture load of telescopic secondary crowns made of a high-performance polymer (Ultaire aryl ketone polymer [UAKP]). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Zirconia primary crown models (taper of 0 degrees) were prepared (N = 48), polished, scanned, and divided into four veneering groups (n = 12 each): premanufactured, digital, full anatomical, and vestibular. For all groups except vestibular, a standardized telescopic secondary crown (thickness: 0.6 mm, circular margin: 1 mm) was constructed, adapted to the corresponding primary crown, milled from UAKP, and veneered. The veneered master crown was developed based on the premanufactured group. After surface polishing, all specimens were artificially aged in a chewing simulator (1.2 million cycles, 50 N, 1.1 Hz, between 5°C and 55°C). Fracture load was tested in a universal testing machine with a piston (Ø = 6 mm, 1 mm/minute). Fracture patterns were analyzed. For statistical analysis, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and descriptive statistics followed by one-way ANOVA with post hoc Scheffé test were conducted (P < .05). RESULTS: Significant differences in fracture load were found between different veneering techniques (P < .001), with the highest values for the vestibular and digital groups, followed by the premanufactured group. Full anatomical veneering showed the significantly lowest fracture load (1,885 ± 397 N). For all specimens, cohesive brittle fractures with similar fracture patterns occurred, irrespective of the veneering technique. CONCLUSION: The veneering technique of telescopic secondary crowns made of high-performance polymer affects overall stability. All veneering techniques provided sufficient fracture load values for telescopic secondary crowns made of UAKP. Digital veneers seem the most recommendable.


Assuntos
Porcelana Dentária , Facetas Dentárias , Coroas , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Polímeros , Zircônio
7.
Int J Prosthodont ; 33(3): 328-332, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320187

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine microwave heating for the purpose of ceramic glazing as an alternative to conventional methods in terms of color stability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty disk-shaped specimens (11 × 2 mm) of VITA VM 9, VITA VM 13, VITA VMK 95, and IPS e.max Ceram veneers were prepared (n = 30 each). The specimens were further divided into three subgroups according to surface finishing procedure (polishing, conventional oven glazing, or microwave glazing [n = 10 each]). The related surface finishing procedure was applied according to the manufacturers' instructions. Color differences (ΔE) of the ceramic samples stored in a coffee solution at 37°C for 168 hours were determined using spectrophotometry. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA. The group differences were analyzed using Tukey HSD test. RESULTS: Microwave-glazed specimens showed similar ΔE values to conventionally glazed specimens for the tested ceramics (P > .05). Polished specimens showed higher ΔE values than glazed specimens for the investigated ceramic materials, and the difference was significant for VITA VMK 95 and Vita VM9 (P ≤ .05). CONCLUSION: Microwave glazing has the advantage of decreasing glazing time to a few minutes and could be considered as an alternative method to conventional oven glazing and polishing with respect to color stability.


Assuntos
Polimento Dentário , Micro-Ondas , Cerâmica , Cor , Porcelana Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
8.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(2): 155-159, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314888

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to evaluate the effect of different surface treatments on the shear bond strength of resin nano ceramic to resin cement, thereby providing a theoretical basis for the improvement of clinical application. METHODS: A total of 150 specimens (10 mm×10 mm×3 mm) were milled from resin nano ceramic blocks (Lava Ultimate) using computer-aided design/computer aided manufacturing(CAD/CAM) technology. The specimens were randomly divided into five groups according to the surface treatment performed, as follows: control, sandblasted, sandblasted+silane, hydrofluoric acid, and hydrofluoric acid+silane groups. After the corresponding surface treatment, the specimens were cemented using Single Bond Universal Adhesive and RelyXTM Ultimate ClickerTM adhesive resin cement. All cemented specimens were placed in distilled water for 24 h and 30 days and subjected to a shear bond strength test in a universal testing machine. RESULTS: The surface treatment and water storage periods showed significant effects on bond strength. Surface treatment with sandblasted+silane showed the highest shear strength values among all tested groups, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). A difference was observed between the control and hydrofluoric acid groups, and both had significantly difference compared with other groups (P<0.05). Sandblasted and hydrofluoric acid+silane groups were not statistically different, and both had significantly difference compared with other groups (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The surface of resin nanoceramic treated by sand-blasted, sandblasted+silane, and hydrofluoric acid+silane can improve the bond strength. The sandblasted+silane group had the best the shear bond strength among the groups.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Cerâmica , Porcelana Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Silanos , Propriedades de Superfície
9.
Braz Dent J ; 31(1): 52-56, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159706

RESUMO

The present study was evaluated the effect of different light activation and thermocycling methods on the shear bond strength (SBS) and on the adhesive remnant index (ARI) of metal brackets bonded to feldspathic ceramic. Hundred metal brackets were bonded to 20 porcelain cylinders, divided into four groups (n=25) based on light activation and thermocycling processes. The cylinders were etched with 10% hydrofluoric acid for 60 s and coated with two layers of silane. The brackets were bonded with Transbond XT composite resin. Light activation in Groups 1 and 3 was performed during 3 s using the VALO Ortho Cordless appliance with irradiance 3,200 mW/cm2 and in Groups 2 and 4 for 40 s using Optilight Max appliance with irradiance 1,200 mW/cm². The samples were stored in deionized water at 37°C for 24 h and the samples from Groups 1 and 2 were submitted to the SBS test at a rate of 1 mm/min, whereas the samples from Groups 3 and 4 were submitted to 7,000 thermal cycles (5°/55°C) before to the SBS test. The data were assessed by two-way analysis of variance and by Tukey's test (a=0.05). No significant difference was observed between SBS means in the different light activation devices used. The samples subjected to thermocycling revealed lower SBS values (p≤0.05). There was predominance of score 0 for ARI in all groups. Therefore, the different light activation methods did not interfere in SBS, but thermocycling reduced SBS.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Cimentos Dentários , Porcelana Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Propriedades de Superfície
10.
Braz Dent J ; 31(1): 69-77, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159709

RESUMO

The objective was to evaluate the color stability of ceramic veneers luted with resin cements and pre-heated composite resins (60oC) for 12 months, and determine the degree of conversion (DC) of the luting agents. Two resin cements (AllCem Veneer, light-cured (LRC) and AllCem, dual-cured (DRC)] and three composite resins [Z100 (MNCR-minifilled), Herculite Classic (MHCR-micro-hybrid) and Durafill (MCCR-microfilled)] were used for cementing 0.8-mm-thick lithium-silicate glass-ceramic laminates (Suprinity, shade B2-HT, Vita) on bovine enamel (n=10). The specimens were stored at 37oC in distilled water. CIELab parameters were determined at 24h after luting (baseline), 7, 30, 90, 180 days and 12 months. Three specimens were prepared for DC evaluation, performed by micro-Raman spectroscopy. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (a=5%). For ΔEab and ΔE00, there were significant differences for luting material (p<0.001), time (p<0.001), and double interaction (p<0.001). The groups cemented with MHCR (1 year), MCCR (90 days and 1 year) and MCCR-PH (1 year) were the ones with ΔE values greater than the acceptability threshold. All other groups maintained their ΔE lower than the acceptability threshold after 1 year in distilled water. Regarding DC, there were no significant differences (p=0.127) among the materials. Non-significant negative correlations were observed between the mean ΔEab and DC (R=-0.65) and ΔE00 and DC (R=-0.64). A significant positive correlation was observed mean ΔEab and ΔE00 (R=0.99). It was concluded that the different luting agents influenced the final color of the restorations. The heating of the composite resins did not affect their DC.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Cimentos de Resina , Animais , Bovinos , Cor , Resinas Compostas , Porcelana Dentária , Facetas Dentárias , Seguimentos , Teste de Materiais
11.
Quintessence Int ; 51(4): 268-273, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32128525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to assess the effect of monolithic and bilayer restorations considering heat-pressed and milled/CAD/CAM reinforced lithium disilicate ceramic veneers, on the flexural strength after cementation. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Thirty-five specimens were divided into five groups (n = 7), according to the restorative solution: 2-mm thickness composite resin (CR2); heat-pressed monolithic ceramic 0.6 mm (HPM), CAD/CAM monolithic ceramics 0.6 mm (CCM); heat-pressed monolithic ceramic 0.4 mm + 0.2 mm glass-ceramic (HPB); CAD/CAM monolithic ceramic 0.4 mm + 0.2 glass-ceramic (CCB). Specimens were cemented on composite resin bars and submitted to a three-point bending test on a Universal Testing Machine, until fracture. Fractured samples were analyzed under stereomicroscope and SEM. Flexural strength data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey test. RESULTS: The control group showed the highest flexural strength results (119.57 ± 19.49 MPa), with values similar to groups HPM (98 ± 25.62 MPa) and CCM (96.14 ± 20.60 MPa). Groups HPB and CCB showed lower values when compared with the other groups. Fracture started from the base on monolithic groups and from ceramic on bilayer groups. CONCLUSION: Both ceramic systems (CAD/CAM and heat-pressed) have similar fracture strength, although bilayer restorations present lower strength when compared with monolithic ceramics.


Assuntos
Porcelana Dentária , Resistência à Flexão , Cerâmica , Resinas Compostas , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
12.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 151(4): 230-238.e7, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The authors aimed to compare the survival and complication rates of zirconia-ceramic (ZC) versus metal-ceramic (MC) restorative material in multiunit tooth-supported posterior fixed dental prostheses (FDP). TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors conducted a systematic search of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), with no time or language restrictions, up to May 2019 using the MEDLINE (PubMed), Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases, followed by a manual search. RESULTS: The authors included 7 RCTs in the review and 5 RCTs in the meta-analysis. All studies had a low risk of bias. The authors included 330 participants (177 ZC and 173 MC tooth-supported FDP) in the meta-analysis, which revealed a medium-term survival rate of 95.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 90.5% to 99.1%) for ZC FDP compared with 96.9% (95% CI, 94.3% to 99.4%) for MC FDP, with no significant differences (P = .364). The biological or technical complications did not show statistically significant differences, except in the global ceramic veneering chipping analysis (P = .023; risk difference [RD], 22.3%; 95% CI, 3.0% to 41.6%) and their subanalysis: minor chipping or chipping that can be solved with polishing (P = .044; RD, 19.5%; 95% CI, 0.5% to 38.4%), and major chipping or chipping that needs repair in the laboratory (P = .023; RD, 6.0%; 95% CI, 0.8% to 11.3%). CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Posterior multiunit ZC restorations are considered a predictable treatment in the medium term, although they are slightly more susceptible to chipping of the veneering ceramic than MC restorations.


Assuntos
Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Prótese Parcial Fixa , Cerâmica , Porcelana Dentária , Ligas Metalo-Cerâmicas , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Zircônio
13.
J Dent Educ ; 84(3): 358-366, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176344

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate teeth prepared for computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) restorations by senior dental students using recently developed rubrics. The rubrics used evaluation criteria based on four factors: retention or resistance form; marginal or internal adaption or manufacturing process; biology, esthetics, or durability of restorative material; and intraoral scanner impression. In academic year 2018-19, four faculty members used the rubrics to assess 111 first maxillary right premolars (tooth no. 4) prepared for lithium disilicate crowns and 223 second maxillary right premolars (tooth no. 5) and first maxillary right molars (tooth no. 3) prepared for monolithic zirconia partial fixed dental prostheses. The preparations had been performed on typodont teeth. The most common errors identified for tooth preparations were in the finish line quality (136 errors in 223 prostheses), a criterion that is crucial for quality CAD/CAM restorations. To prevent poorly fit CAD/CAM restoration preparations that result from an unacceptable finish line quality, students need to understand the rationale used to develop detailed rubrics and adhere to the defined critera.


Assuntos
Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Porcelana Dentária , Humanos , Estudantes de Odontologia
14.
J Dent Educ ; 84(3): 329-335, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176349

RESUMO

The aims of this study were to determine the convergence angles of posterior teeth prepared by dental students at the University of Toronto for lithium disilicate glass-ceramic (LDGC) CAD/CAM crowns and to investigate their effect on loss of retention rate. A total of 280 preparations for posterior monolithic LDGC CAD/CAM crowns were performed on 270 patients (169 women and 101 men). Crowns were cemented with RelyX Unicem and Calibra Universal resin cements. Mesial, distal, and angle of convergence were measured on the bitewing radiographs. Cemented crowns were followed for up to six years. Data were analyzed for tooth type and location and for operator experience. The results showed the majority of convergence angles were greater than the recommended guidelines but fell within a clinically acceptable range (20 to 24 degrees). However, angles of convergence for mandibular molar preparations were highest (28.06±5.50 degrees), while maxillary premolars exhibited the lowest values (24.72±6.59 degrees). No significant difference was found between the results of dental students and foreign-trained dentists. Over a six-year observation period, only two crowns lost retention. The findings of this study indicated that ideal taper angles were impractical and difficult to achieve in clinical education settings.


Assuntos
Coroas , Estudantes de Odontologia , Cerâmica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Porcelana Dentária , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Teste de Materiais
15.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e018, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187304

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of hydrofluoric acid (HF) concentration, etching time, and application of phosphoric acid (PA) followed by neutralization with sodium bicarbonate on the bond strength between a feldspar ceramic and resin cement. Thus, 80 blocks (10 x 12 x 2 mm) of glass ceramic (VM - Vita Mark II - Vita Zahnfabrik) were made and randomly assigned to eight groups (n = 10) according to the factors: HF concentration (5 and 10%), etching time (60 and 120 s), and use of phosphoric acid (PA) (with and without). According to the experimental group, 37% PA (Condac, FGM) was applied after HF etching for 60s. Afterwards, samples were immersed in sodium bicarbonate for 1 min then in an ultrasonic bath in distilled water (5 min) for cleaning. After surface bonding treatment, cylinders (Ø = 2 mm; h = 2 mm) of dual resin cement (AllCem / FGM) were made in the center of each block. The samples were then stored in water (37ºC) for 90 days and submitted to the shear bond test (50 KgF, 1 mm/min). Failure analysis was performed by stereomicroscope and scanning electron microscopy. Data (MPa) were analyzed with 3-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. Only the factor "HF concentration" was significant (p = 0.02). Most failures were of cohesive in ceramic (40%) and mixed types (42.5%). The 10% HF resulted in higher shear bond strength value than the 5% HF. Surface cleaning with phosphoric acid followed by sodium bicarbonate and HF time (60 or 120 seconds) did not influence the resin bond strength to feldspar ceramic.


Assuntos
Silicatos de Alumínio/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Ácido Fluorídrico/química , Ácidos Fosfóricos/química , Compostos de Potássio/química , Análise de Variância , Porcelana Dentária/química , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Cimentos de Resina/química , Resistência ao Cisalhamento/efeitos dos fármacos , Silanos/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Oper Dent ; 45(3): E156-E166, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053459

RESUMO

The purpose of this laboratory study was to compare the two-body wear resistance of different restorative materials commonly used for the indirect restoration of posterior teeth. The tested materials, based on ceramic (Imagine Press X, IPS e.max CAD, Milled Celtra Duo, Glaze-Fired Celtra Duo, Vita Mark II) and composite (Enamel Plus HRi, Enamel Plus HRi Bio-Function, Filtek Supreme XTE, Lava Ultimate), were compared with the wear properties of a type III gold alloy (Aurocast 8). Flat samples were prepared with a 6-mm thickness (n=10). Composite samples were tested after a heat polymerization cycle. All samples were exposed to a two-body wear test in a dual axis chewing simulator performing over 120,000 loading cycles. The opposing abrader cusps were fabricated from yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal. The vertical substance loss (mm) and the volume loss (mm3) were recorded, as was the wear of the antagonist cusp (mm). Mean values were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance. Significant differences among materials were detected. The heat-cured resin-based composite material Enamel Plus Bio-Function and the type III gold alloy demonstrated similar mean values for wear depth and volumetric loss.


Assuntos
Materiais Dentários , Porcelana Dentária , Cerâmica , Resinas Compostas , Esmalte Dentário , Desgaste de Restauração Dentária , Ligas de Ouro , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
17.
Oper Dent ; 45(3): 276-285, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053460

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of endodontic access on the failure load resistance of both adhesively and conventionally luted, full-contour monolithic yttria-stabilized zirconium dioxide (Y-TZP) and adhesively luted lithium disilicate (LD) crowns cemented on prepared teeth. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Seventy-two human maxillary molars were prepared per respective guidelines for all-ceramic crowns with one group (n=24) restored with LD and the other (n=48) receiving Y-TZP crowns. Preparations were scanned using computer-aided design/computer-aided milling (CAD/CAM) technology, and milled crowns were sintered following manufacturer recommendations. All LD crowns and half (n=24) of the Y-TZP crowns were adhesively cemented, while the remaining Y-TZP specimens were luted using a conventional glass ionomer cement (GIC). One LD group, one Y-TZP adhesive group, and one GIC-luted group (all n=12) then received endodontic access preparations by a board-certified endodontist: the pulp chambers were restored with a dual-cure, two-step, self-etch adhesive and a dual-cure resin composite core material. The access preparations were restored using a nano-hybrid resin composite after appropriate ceramic margin surface preparation. After 24 hours, all specimens were loaded axially until failure; mean failure loads were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U test (α=0.05). RESULTS: Endodontic access did not significantly reduce the failure load of adhesively luted LD or Y-TZP crowns, but Y-TZP crowns with GIC cementation demonstrated significantly less failure load. CONCLUSIONS: These initial findings suggest that endodontic access preparation may not significantly affect failure load resistance of adhesively luted Y-TZP and LD crowns. Definitive recommendations cannot be proposed until fatigue testing and coronal seal evaluations have been accomplished.


Assuntos
Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Cerâmica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Porcelana Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Zircônio
18.
Dent Mater ; 36(3): 442-455, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001023

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The main goal of this work is to evaluate the suitability of nanostructured zirconia pieces obtained by robocasting additive manufacturing (AM), for dental applications. METHODS: The density, crystalline structure, morphology/porosity, surface roughness, hardness, toughness, wettability and biocompatibility of the produced samples were compared with those of samples obtained by conventional subtractive manufacturing (SM) of a similar commercial zirconia material. Chewing simulation studies were carried out against dental human cusps in artificial saliva. The wear of the material was quantified and the wear mechanisms investigated, as well as the influence of glaze coating. RESULTS: AM samples, that revealed to be biocompatible, are slightly less dense and more porous than SM samples, showing lower hardness, toughness and wettability than SM samples. After chewing tests, no wear was found both on AM and SM samples. However, the dental wear was significantly lower when AM samples were used as counterbody. Concerning the glazed samples, both coated surfaces and dental cusps suffered wear, being the cusps' wear higher than that found for unglazed samples. More, cusps tested against AM coated samples suffered less wear comparatively to those opposed to SM coated samples. SIGNIFICANCE: Overall, the results presented in this paper show that AM processed nanostructured zirconia can be used in dental restorations, with important advantages from the point of view of processing and tribological performance. Moreover, the option for glaze finishing should be carefully considered both in SM and AM processed specimens.


Assuntos
Porcelana Dentária , Desgaste de Restauração Dentária , Polimento Dentário , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Impressão Tridimensional , Propriedades de Superfície , Zircônio
19.
Dent Mater ; 36(3): 420-430, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007315

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To test and compare five pressable lithium-X-silicate-ceramics on their mechanical and wear properties. METHODS: Specimens were pressed and prepared from: i. Amber Press (AP), ii. Celtra Press (CP), iii. Initial LiSi Press (IL), iv. Livento Press (LP), and v. IPS e.max Press (IE). Four-point flexural strength (FS), SEVNB fracture toughness (KIC), three-body wear (3BW), Martens hardness (HM) and indentation modulus (EIT) were measured. For CP, FS and HM were measured with and without additional Power Firing. Each subgroup contained 15 specimens. Data were analyzed using Kolmogorov-Smirnov, one-way ANOVA followed by Scheffé test, Kruskal-Wallis-H-, Mann-Whitney-U-, and Spearman-Rho-test (p < 0.05). The Weibull modulus was calculated using the maximum likelihood estimation method. RESULTS: AP and CP presented higher FS than IL. LP presented the highest Weibull modulus. CP showed lower KIC values than AP, and AP was not significant compared to LP and IE. The most 3BW material loss was observed for CP. CP revealed higher HM values than the remaining ceramics. IL presented lower EIT compared to AP and CP. The following correlations were observed between the test parameters: 3BW with FS (r = 0.279, p = 0.015), with HM (r = -0.378, p = 0.001), and with EIT (r = -0.344, p = 0.004); EIT with FS (r = 0.203, p = 0.028); and HM with FT (r = -0.223, p = 0.027) and EIT (r = 0.884, p < 0.001). No correlations were observed between FS and KIC (r = 0.046; p = 0.346). SIGNIFICANCE: AP followed by LP showed the highest and IL followed by CP the lowest properties tested. Power Firing of CP improved the flexural strength. Ceramics with high flexural strength and Martens parameters showed lower wear. Materials with high Martens hardness presented lower fracture toughness values and ones with high indentation modulus showed high flexural strength.


Assuntos
Resistência à Flexão , Mustelidae , Animais , Cerâmica , Porcelana Dentária , Dureza , Lítio , Teste de Materiais , Silicatos , Propriedades de Superfície
20.
Dent Mater ; 36(3): 387-401, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007314

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Most previous work conducted on the wear behavior of dental materials has focused on wear rates and surface damage. There is, however, scarce information regarding the subsurface damage arising from sliding contact fatigue. The aim of this study was to elucidate the wear mechanisms and the subsurface damage generated during sliding contact fatigue in 5 contemporary CAD/CAM materials against a zirconia indenter. METHODS: Forty discs (Ø12mm, 1.55mm thick) were cut out of IPS e.max CAD (e.CAD), Suprinity PC (SUP), Enamic (ENA), Vitablocs Mark II (VMII) and Lava Ultimate (LU) blocks and mirror polished. After cementation onto a dentin-like composite, off-axis mouth-motion cycling was conducted with a spherical zirconia indenter (r=3.18mm) in water (200N load, 2Hz frequency) for 5 different cycling periods (102, 103, 104, 105, 106 cycles, n=8). Analysis of the wear scars was conducted using light-microscopy, scanning-electron-microscopy and optical profilometry. Subsurface damage was assessed using sagittal and transverse sections of the samples. RESULTS: Fatigue wear mechanisms predominated in glassy materials (e.CAD, SUP, VMII), accompanied by extensive subsurface damage, whereas abrasive wear mechanisms were responsible for the large wear craters in the resin composite (LU) with an absolute absence of subsurface fracture. A combination of both mechanisms was observed in the polymer-infiltrated reinforced-glass (ENA), displaying large wear craters and severe subsurface damage. SIGNIFICANCE: Well-controlled laboratory simulation can identify wear and subsurface damage susceptibility of various classes of restorative materials. Both wear and subsurface fracture are determining factors for the long-term success of restorations.


Assuntos
Porcelana Dentária , Zircônio , Cerâmica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Materiais Dentários , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
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