Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 28.611
Filtrar
1.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(1): 14-17, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31155915

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Infra-inguinal vascular reconstruction with active groin infection is a concerning issue. Using resistant grafts to infection is the most adopted approach. However, in absence of these materials in acute situations, the trans-obturator approach allows for limb revascularisation avoiding the infected site. We evaluated the effectiveness of this approach in patients who needed lower limb revascularisation with an ipsilateral groin infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted over a four-year period. RESULTS: Over this period, 13 patients underwent trans-obturator reconstructions (13 external iliac-popliteal above-knee and one aortobipopliteal above-knee bypass). Seven patients had been previously revascularised and were admitted for graft infection (six infra-inguinal bypasses, one axillo-bifemoral bypass). Four presented with acute limb ischaemia, three with groin haematoma and one with a groin abscess. The remaining cases consisted of drug-addicted patients with injury of femoral vessels due to self-injection of drugs. The patients underwent reconstructions with autologous grafts which complicated early with groin haematoma. After transobturator revascularisation, the groin underwent debridement with applying vacuum-assisted wound closure device. CONCLUSION: The transobturator approach could be considered as a chance for lower limb revascularisation in case of ipsilateral groin infection. Moreover, avoiding the infected site allowed us to focus separately and safely on the treatment of the inguinal wound.


Assuntos
Abscesso Abdominal/complicações , Infecções Bacterianas/complicações , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Reperfusão/métodos , Idoso , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Prótese Vascular , Feminino , Virilha , Humanos , Isquemia/cirurgia , Masculino , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação/estatística & dados numéricos
2.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(2): 162-164, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707948

RESUMO

Hybrid thoracic endovascular aortic repair with surgical arch debranching is an accepted method for total arch reconstruction. Although off-pump arch debranching is increasingly used as a prophylactic adjunct to endovascular arch repair extending into landing zone 0, this technique is seldom performed with a ministernotomy due to a steep learning curve among surgeons. Herein, we report our standard technique for off-pump hybrid total aortic arch repair using a ministernotomy.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Esternotomia/métodos , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(2): 165-168, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pseudoaneurysm developing after repair of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is uncommon, with only a handful of cases reported in the literature. While older literature cites infection, recent series suggest that formation of pseudoaneurysm off of a ligated PDA attributed to breakdown in the suture line. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for this rare pathology has been demonstrated in selected case reports. METHODS/RESULTS: A 61-year-old woman presented with enlarging left chest mass and shortness of breath. The patient reported a history of a PDA with 2 attempts at closure. At age 6, she had undergone an attempt at endovascular closure of the PDA; this subsequently resulted in right lower extremity limb ischemia with resultant below-knee amputation. At age 12, she underwent open thoracotomy with ligation of the PDA; at this procedure, she had injury to her recurrent laryngeal nerve, resulting in permanent hoarseness of voice. A computed tomography angiogram of the chest was obtained, which demonstrated a saccular 4.5 × 3.8 cm pseudoaneurysm in the region of the PDA with calcific wall changes. Recommendation was made to proceed with operative repair and she agreed. A TEVAR was performed using a commercially available stent graft. During the procedure, intravascular ultrasound was performed; however, the connection between the PDA pseudoaneurysm and the aorta was not visualized. She had an uncomplicated operative and postoperative course. Follow-up imaging showed complete thrombosis of the pseudoaneurysm. CONCLUSIONS: Pseudoaneurysm from previous PDA repair is a rare pathology. We present a unique case in which the patient had undergone attempts at both endovascular and open surgical repair. Open repair for PDA is still advocated; however, TEVAR appears to be a safe treatment in adults with this pathology following failed open closure.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Ligadura/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(2): 147-161, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736431

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Surgical site infection (SSI) presents a ubiquitous concern to surgical specialties, especially in the presence of prosthetic material. Antibiotic-impregnated beads present a novel and evolving means to combat this condition. This review aims to analyze the quality of evidence and methods of antibiotic bead use, particularly for application within vascular surgery. METHODS: A systematic scoping review was conducted within Embase, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Registry of Randomized Controlled Trials. Articles were evaluated by 2 independent reviewers. Level of evidence was evaluated using the Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine Criteria and the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool for Randomized Controlled Trials. RESULTS: The search yielded 6951 papers, with 275 included for final analysis. Publications increased in frequency from 1978 to the present. The most common formulation was polymethyl methacrylate; however publications on biodegradable formulations, including calcium sulfate beads, have been published with increasing frequency. Most publications had positive conclusions (94.2%); however, the data was mainly subjective and may be prone to publication bias. Only 11 randomized controlled trials were identified and all but one was evaluated to be at a high risk of bias. The most common indication was for osteomyelitis (52%), orthopedic prosthetic infections (20%), and trauma (9%). Within vascular surgery, beads have been used primarily for the treatment of graft infection, with freedom from recurrence rates being reported from 41% to 87.5%. CONCLUSIONS: Antibiotic-impregnated beads provide a means to deliver high doses of antibiotic directly to a surgical site, without the risks of parenteral therapy. There has yet to be significant high-level quality data published on their use. There is a large body of evidence that suggests antibiotic beads may be used in SSIs in high-risk patients, prosthetic infections, and other complex surgical infections. Important potential areas of application in vascular surgery include graft infection, prevention of wound infection in high-risk patients, and diabetic foot infection.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Portadores de Fármacos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/prevenção & controle , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/diagnóstico , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/microbiologia , Fatores de Risco , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/diagnóstico , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/microbiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(2): 172-174, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714184

RESUMO

Axillary artery blowout is a rare life- and limb-threatening condition. The traditional surgical approach of ligation and extra-anatomic bypass is associated with a high morbidity and mortality. We present a case report of a 65-year-old male with axillary artery hemorrhage secondary to an irradiated squamous cell cancer. We propose a staged hybrid approach for the treatment of this unusual clinical entity consisting of emergent stent grafting followed by planned elective extra-anatomic bypass, debridement, and a course of specific antimicrobial therapy.


Assuntos
Artéria Axilar/efeitos da radiação , Artéria Axilar/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/radioterapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Hemorragia/cirurgia , Lesões por Radiação/terapia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/radioterapia , Idoso , Anti-Infecciosos/administração & dosagem , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Desbridamento , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Hemorragia/diagnóstico , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Lesões por Radiação/diagnóstico , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia , Radioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(2): 191-194, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578128

RESUMO

Aortic graft infections are uncommon complications after endovascular aortic surgery. In the majority of cases, gram-positive and then gram-negative organisms are the causative agents leading to this condition. Atypical organisms are traditionally not responsible for graft infection unless the patient is immunocompromised. We are reporting a case of culture-confirmed mycobacterium avium complex infection of an aortic graft in a well-controlled patient with HIV who had an undetected viral load and a CD4 count of 324 while on highly active antiretroviral therapy.


Assuntos
Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/microbiologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Complexo Mycobacterium avium/patogenicidade , Infecção por Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare/microbiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/microbiologia , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/diagnóstico , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/imunologia , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/terapia , Adulto , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Remoção de Dispositivo , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Masculino , Complexo Mycobacterium avium/imunologia , Infecção por Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare/diagnóstico , Infecção por Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare/imunologia , Infecção por Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare/terapia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/diagnóstico , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/imunologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Vasa ; 49(1): 39-42, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549917

RESUMO

Background: To present a technique of sheath supported contralateral limb gate (CLG) cannulation of modular bifurcated stent-graft in endovascular abdominal aortic repair. Materials and methods: After totally percutaneous bilateral femoral access, the 9F introducer sheath is exchanged to a 30 cm 12 fr introducer sheath over a stiff wire contralateral to the intended main stent-graft insertion side and advanced into the aorta below the lowest renal artery. Parallel to the stiff wire within the sheath an additional standard J-tip guidewire with a 5 fr Pigtail angiographic catheter is advanced to the level of the renal arteries. After main body deployment, the 12 fr introducer sheath and J-tip wire with pigtail catheter are retracted until the CLG opening level, maintaining the stiff "buddy" wire in position to support the 12 fr sheath, maintaining its distal opening close to the contralateral gate opening to achieve easy cannulation. Results: Retrospective analysis of video archive from July 2016 to February 2018 evidenced 55 recorded EVAR cases. All CLG cannulations were obtained with Standard J-tip or Terumo Glidewire wires and with Pig-Tail or Berenstein catheters. Technical success was 100 %. Mean fluoroscopy time to accomplish CLG cannulation was 37.6 33 (range 1-105) seconds. The aortic carrefour angulation on coronal axis strongly correlates with cannulation time p = <.001, with longer cannulation time for higher carrefour angulations on coronal axis (Pearson correlation coefficient 0.47). Conclusions: The use of 12 fr sheath with parallel wire introduction technique, appears to be a safe and reliable tool to facilitate CLG cannulation during EVAR procedures.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Prótese Vascular , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(2): 102-110, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746273

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Compare technical, clinical, and economic outcomes between endovascular and open approaches in patients with type D aortoiliac occlusive disease according to the TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus. METHODS: Patients undergoing revascularization for type D aortoiliac lesions, either endovascular or open surgery approach, from 2 Portuguese institutions between January 2011 and October 2017 were included. The surgical technique was left to the surgeon discretion. Patients with common femoral artery affection, both obstructive and aneurysmatic, were excluded. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients underwent aortobifemoral bypass and 32 patients were submitted to endovascular repair. The patients undergoing endovascular procedure were more likely to present with chronic heart failure (P = .001) and chronic kidney disease (P = .022) and less likely to have a history of smoking (P = .05). The mean follow-up period was 67.84 (95% confidence interval = 61.85-73.83) months. The open surgery approach resulted in a higher technical success (P = .001); however, limb salvage and patency rates were not different between groups. Endovascular approach was associated with a shorter length-of-stay, both inpatient (6 vs 9 days; P = .041) and patients admitted in the intensive care unit (0 vs 3.81 days; P = .001) as well as lower hospital expenses (US$9281 vs US$23 038; P = .001) with a similar procedure cost (US$2316 vs US$1173; P = .6). No differences were found in the postsurgical quality of life. CONCLUSION: Endovascular approach is, at least, clinically equivalent to open surgery approach and is more cost-efficient. The "endovascular-first" approach should be considered for type D occlusive aortoiliac lesions.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Idoso , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/economia , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/economia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/economia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Redução de Custos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/economia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Portugal , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(1): 25-35, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537181

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to present our personal experience using covered nitinol stent-graft in the treatment of outflow tract stenosis of arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) for hemodialysis access. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 2015 and October 2017, we retrospectively evaluated 36 (24 males, 12 females; mean age: 65.6 years) patients with AVGs on hemodialysis who underwent percutaneous angioplasty followed by endovascular stent-graft deployment for the treatment of stenosis of the venous outflow of the AVG. Indication for treatment included early restenosis (<3 months after previous percutaneous transluminal angioplasty [PTA]), long stenosis (stenoses >50% extending for a length >5 cm), and recoil of the stenosis after PTA performed with a noncompliant high-pressure balloon. Of 36 patients, 27 (75%) required surgical thrombectomy prior to endovascular procedure. Technical success, clinical success, primary and secondary patency, and safety were evaluated. RESULTS: Technical success was 100%, and clinical success was 94.4%. Primary patency was 94.4%, 72.2%, 63%, 45.9%, and 45.9% at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 18 months (average: 215 days, range: 9-653 days); secondary patency was 94.4% and 86.1% at 1 and 3 months; 80.4% at 6, 12, and 18 months; and 53.6% at 24 months (average: 276.8 days, range: 9-744 days). No deaths were registered. CONCLUSIONS: In selected cases, the use of stent-graft represents an effective and safe solution for the treatment of stenotic complications of the venous outflow of AVGs, even in the setting of access thrombosis.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/cirurgia , Diálise Renal , Stents , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ligas , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Politetrafluoretileno , Desenho de Prótese , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
12.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 43(6): 447-450, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854534

RESUMO

Aortic disease is a dangerous and critical cardiovascular disease with a high mortality rate. In recent years, aortic stent grafts for endovascular treatment have become widely used, and the development of new aortic stent grafts has been a hot spot for cardiovascular medical devices. How to carry out a reasonable and scientific clinical trial is the key in the design confirmation of aortic stent graft system. The nature, location, segment, applicable population, biomechanics and other factors of aortic disease should be considered. The effectiveness and safety endpoint, trial design type should be carefully and reasonably studied.


Assuntos
Prótese Vascular , Stents , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Desenho de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Angiol Sosud Khir ; 25(4): 173-180, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855215

RESUMO

Described herein is a clinical case report regarding treatment of a 70-year-old male patient presenting with a late complication following endoprosthetic repair for a Stanford type B dissecting thoracic aortic aneurysm. The man was admitted to our hospital for persistent type IIb endoleak and an increased diameter of the aorta in its thoracic and thoracoabdominal portions. Two years previously, he had endured endoprosthetic repair of the thoracic aorta. The findings of computed tomography revealed negative dynamics manifesting as an increase in the diameter of the false channel of the arch and descending thoracic aorta with persistent type IIb endoleak. He was subjected to elimination of abdominal aortic dissection and type IIb endoleak with partial prosthetic repair of the descending thoracic portion of the aorta by means of prosthetic repair of the lower thoracic portion of the aorta between the stent graft and linear vascular Dacron prosthesis. The postoperative period was complicated by transient acute renal failure and paraparesis of the lower limbs. The patient was discharged on POD 14, with no endoleaks revealed on control computed tomography 3 months thereafter.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Endoleak/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Endoleak/diagnóstico por imagem , Endoleak/etiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Paraparesia/etiologia , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Tex Heart Inst J ; 46(3): 183-188, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708700

RESUMO

Juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are difficult to treat because they often have little or no proximal aortic neck. Patients with this complex anatomy are not usually candidates for an endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Chimney-graft EVAR has been introduced, but type Ia endoleak is a typical risk. We have begun using EndoAnchors to determine whether this risk can be reduced. From July 2013 through July 2014, we used the chimney-graft EVAR technique in 5 patients whose juxtarenal AAAs had a short or no proximal aortic neck. During the procedure, we implanted EndoAnchors as needed. Postprocedurally, at 30 days, and through end of follow-up (duration, 11-18 mo), all patients had patent endografts without type Ia endoleak (our primary endpoint), visceral stent-graft thrombosis, or renal complications. One patient who received 4 chimney grafts had a postprocedural type II endoleak, which was treated with embolization. We found it feasible to use EndoAnchors with the chimney-graft technique to prevent type Ia endoleaks in the treatment of juxtarenal AAAs. Further studies are needed to validate this adjunctive technique and to determine its durability.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular , Endoleak/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico , Aortografia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 848-852, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694134

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the results of surgical treatment for endograft infection after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEAVR). Methods: Clinical data of 7 patients underwent surgical treatment for endograft infection after TEAVR at Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Changhai Hospital, the Navy Medical University between January 2016 and December 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 6 males and 1 female, aging (51.5±16.7) years (range: 25 to 68 years). The origin of the aortic disease was descending aortic aneurysm in 5 cases, and Stanford B aortic dissection in 2 cases. Abdominal aorta below the level of the diaphragm was not involved in all patients. Two patients received "chimney technology" for left subclavian artery procedures. Time to infection was 5(3) months (M(Q(R))) (range: 1 to 24 months). Aortic endograft infection was diagnosed with a combination of microbiology (positive blood cultures, except one with mycotic), radiological evidence and clinical evidence of sepsis. Two patients suffered from aorto-esophageal fistula received emergency surgery, others were treated with elective surgery. Extra-anatomic prosthetic graft bypass was used for reconstruction of aorta, infected endogarft and aorta was removed, sac drainage was performed. Aorto-esophageal fistula was procedured according to the degree of lesions. All patients received antibiotics with specialist advice for 6 to 8 weeks. Results: One patient died due to septic shock. In the follow-time (range: 6 to 24 months), 1 patient suffered from thoracic infection in 3 months after surgery, an other patient got iliac abscess after a month. Conclusions: Endograft infection after TEAVR is high risk but may be curative. Appropriate selection of patients for infected endograft explantation could get a satisfied results.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (11): 100-108, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714538

RESUMO

Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a common vascular disease requiring surgical treatment. Currently, endovascular aortic repair is a good alternative to open surgery. However, high incidence of unfavorable anatomical variants of the proximal landing zone limit the use of endovascular aortic repair in these patients. Additional techniques can increase applicability of endovascular procedure with optimal results. Two patients with unfavorable proximal neck anatomy undergoing endovascular aortic repair with anchor type of proximal fixation devices are reported in the article.


Assuntos
Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e17789, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770196

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Riolan arch thickening is usually caused by the occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), inferior mesenteric artery, or abdominal aortic artery, by colon cancer, or by ulcerative colitis in the active phase. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 61-years-old female was admitted due to left lower abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting for more than 4 days. She had received an endovascular covered stent-graft exclusion due to abdominal aortic aneurysm 18 months earlier. Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) showed a local rupture of 1 of the branch artery of the SMA, and a pseudoaneurysm was formed around it. It was feared that performing Riolan atrial arch pseudoaneurysm embolization may cause ischemia of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) and could lead to avascular necrosis of the descending colon and sigmoid colon, intestinal perforation, and peritonitis. DIAGNOSIS: Riolan arch collateral circulation associated with pseudoaneurysm hemorrhage after endovascular covered stent-graft treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. INTERVENTIONS: Riolan arterial arch pseudoaneurysm embolization was performed near the distal end. OUTCOMES: The symptoms, signs, and biochemistry returned to normal. CONCLUSION: Riolan arch collateral circulation can be caused by pseudoaneurysm hemorrhage after endovascular covered stent-graft treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Mesentérica Inferior/cirurgia , Artéria Mesentérica Superior/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/cirurgia , Stents/efeitos adversos
19.
Expert Rev Med Devices ; 16(11): 989-997, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648570

RESUMO

Background: Saline is not biocompatible with saphenous vein grafts and does not protect against ischemia reperfusion injury. We compared normal heparinized saline with DuraGraft, a new graft-storage solution, in in-vitro and ex-vivo assays to evaluate the effects on cells and vascular graft tissue.Methods: Human saphenous vein (HSV) segments and isolated pig mammary veins (PMVs) were flushed and submerged in heparinized DuraGraft or heparinized saline for prespecified times. Following exposure, HSV segments were evaluated for viability and tissue morphology, and PMVs underwent histological assessments, to evaluate vein morphology and effects on the vascular endothelium. The performance of saline versus DuraGraft was compared in an ISO-compliant biocompatibility assay for cytotoxicity.Results: Loss of HSV graft-cell viability was observed as early as 15 minutes post-exposure to saline whereas viability was maintained up to 5 hours' exposure to DuraGraft. Histological analyses performed with PMVs demonstrated endothelial damage in PMVs stored in saline. Cytotoxicity assays demonstrated that saline-induced microscopically visible cell damage occurred within 60 minutes. DuraGraft-treated cells did not show evidence of damage or reactivity.Conclusions: Normal saline caused damage to vascular endothelium, loss of graft cell viability, and mediated cell damage; no evidence of damage or reactivity was observed in DuraGraft-exposed cells.


Assuntos
Prótese Vascular , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Veia Safena/transplante , Idoso , Animais , Morte Celular , Linhagem Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/irrigação sanguínea , Camundongos , Molécula-1 de Adesão Celular Endotelial a Plaquetas/metabolismo , Suínos , Fator de von Willebrand/metabolismo
20.
Expert Rev Med Devices ; 16(11): 965-980, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648573

RESUMO

Introduction: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) is a potentially life-threatening condition caused by the ballooning of the patient's aortic wall. One treatment for this condition, Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR), has demonstrated a greater degree of safety in the short term and has the potential to be more cost-effective than its open surgical counterpart.Areas covered: EVAR comes with the added risks of late-term failure, however, as the endografts are subject to displacement, loss of seal against the aortic wall, or failure to serve as a means of bypassing the aneurysm. Device manufacturers have made constant iterations to the endoprostheses available on the market to reduce these complications, expand the pool of suitable patients, and reduce cost of endovascular repair while ensuring patient safety and strong clinical outcomes.Expert opinion: Short and midterm clinical outcomes have improved markedly over 20 years and the number of patients who qualify for EVAR has increased dramatically. Late-term failures and the need for life-long monitoring for complications remain the Achille's heel for this treatment paradigm. Differences in short- and long-term outcomes, as well as overall costs related to lifelong monitoring and late-term complications and reinterventions, still require continuous comparison to previous devices and the historically proven open surgical repair.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Stents , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/economia , Prótese Vascular/economia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/economia , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Stents/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA