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1.
Food Chem ; 367: 130617, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352696

RESUMO

The abuse application of glyphosate can result in a potential hazard for environment and human, however its ultrasensitive detection remains challenging. Herein, a Cu2+ modulated DNA-templated silver nanoclusters (DNA-AgNCs) sensor was constructed to sensitively determine glyphosate based on the turn-on fluorescence strategy. The fluorescence quenching of DNA-AgNCs occurred with the existence of Cu2+. Upon the presence of glyphosate, the functional groups on the surface of glyphosate could chelate with Cu2+, following the fluorescence recovery of DNA-AgNCs. Through the stoichiometric methods, we unveil that Cu2+-trigged fluorescence quenching mode is a combination of static and dynamic quenching with the static mode being predominant. In DNA-AgNCs/Cu2+ system, the carboxylate, amine, and phosphonate groups of glyphosate interact with Cu2+ through chelation, in which the carboxylate oxygen, the phosphonate oxygen atoms, and the monoprotonated secondary amine nitrogen atom and Cu2+ form chelate rings. This fluorescence sensor showed a desired linearity of glyphosate analysis under the optimum conditions, ranging from 15 to 100 µg/L with a low detection down to 5 µg/L. Moreover, the proposed sensor was successfully utilized to measure glyphosate in real samples, indicating a promising application in pesticide residues detection.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Prata , DNA/genética , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Humanos
2.
Talanta ; 236: 122824, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635214

RESUMO

Ultra-sensitive detection of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) plays an important role in society security and human health. The Raman probe molecule p-aminothiophenol (PATP) can interact with TNT in three ways to form a TNT-PATP complex. In this paper, a 'sandwich' structure was developed to detect TNT with high sensitivity. Au nano-pillar arrays (AuNPAs) substrates modified by low-concentration PATP through Au-S bonds were acted as capture probe for TNT. Meanwhile, Ag nano-particles (AgNPs) modified by PATP at higher concentration were employed as tags for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). The formation of the TNT-PATP complex is not only the means by which AuNPAs substrates recognize and capture TNT, but also links the SERS tags to TNT, forming an AuNPAs-TNT-AgNPs 'sandwich' structure. The Raman signal of PATP was greatly enhanced mainly because novel 'hot spots' formed between the AuNPAs and AgNPs of the 'sandwich' structure. The Raman signal of PATP was further amplified by the chemical enhancement effect induced by the TNT-PATP complex formation. Based on this mechanism, the limit of detection (LOD) of TNT was determined from the Raman signal of PATP. The LOD reached 10-9 mg/mL (4.4 × 10-12 M), much lower than that suggested by the US Environmental Protection Agency (88 nM). Moreover, TNT was selectively detected over several TNT analogues 2,4-dinitrotoluene (DNT), p-nitrotoluene (NT) and hexogen (RDX). Finally, the 'sandwich' structure was successfully applied to TNT detection in environmental water and sand.


Assuntos
Análise Espectral Raman , Trinitrotolueno , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Prata , Trinitrotolueno/análise , Estados Unidos
3.
Talanta ; 236: 122862, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635244

RESUMO

A novel fluorometric assay for selective and sensitive determination of formalin (FA) was developed based on nitrogen-doped carbon dots (N-CDs) coupled with silver mirror reaction. N-CDs was synthesized using the hydrothermal method with the ethylene glycol and ammonia solution as carbon and nitrogen precursors, respectively. The detection principle was based on "off-on" fluorescence switching. Specifically, the fluorescence signal of N-CDs was first turned off after incorporating the Ag+ and Tollens' reagents. Then, in the presence of FA, the Ag+ species on the N-CDs surface were reduced to Ag0 species and the fluorescence signal of N-CDs was switched back on. The fluorescence intensity due to the N-CDs signal linearly increased with the increasing FA concentrations in the range of 5-100 mg L-1, with the detection limit of 1.5 mg L-1. The proposed approach provides rapid, simple, sensitive, and selective detection of FA in various food samples.


Assuntos
Carbono , Pontos Quânticos , Corantes Fluorescentes , Formaldeído , Nitrogênio , Prata
4.
Talanta ; 236: 122871, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635252

RESUMO

Bimetallic nanoparticles (NPs), including core-shell structure and bimetallic alloy nanoparticles, were synthesized and characterized using flow field-flow fractionation (FlFFF), single particle inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (SP-ICP-MS), and transmission electron microscope (TEM) with energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS). For the core-shell particles, a nominal 80 nm commercial core-shell AuAg bimetallic nanoparticle was used to examine the applicability of SP-ICP-MS to determine the core size of Au and shell thickness of Ag. Then, the method was applied to estimate the core size of Au and shell thickness of Ag for the laboratory synthesized particles. The results were compared with those obtained from TEM-EDS. For the alloy nanoparticles, two synthesis protocols, based on the galvanic replacement of Ag seed particles with Au, were used. One was to prepare a hollow AgAu particle by varying the volume of dissolved Au in basic solution (K-gold) to etch some parts of AgNPs to dissolved ionic silver with the formation of AuNPs covering the remaining AgNPs, producing a hole inside the core nanoparticles. Another protocol was to prepare AgAu alloy nanoparticles. SP-ICP-MS was used in combination with FlFFF to provide information on the changes of particle size with varying volume of K-gold reagent. Hydrodynamic diameter increased with increasing K-gold, as observed by FlFFF. With SP-ICP-MS without prior FlFFF, bimodal distributions were observed in the size distribution of Au and Ag. With prior FlFFF, monomodal distributions were observed by SP-ICP-MS, which allow the use of particle concentration and size to estimate the mass concentration of elements on the fractionated bimetallic nanoparticles. This study illustrates the potential use of SP-ICP-MS for gaining information about particle transformation during the synthesis of bimetallic nanoparticles.


Assuntos
Ouro , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Espectrometria de Massas , Prata/análise , Espectrometria por Raios X
5.
Talanta ; 236: 122876, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635256

RESUMO

Metal nanoclusters (NCs) as promising nanomaterials for sensing applications have attracted significant attention because of their unique photoluminescence properties. However, the quantum yields of metal NCs are still relatively low when compared to conventional quantum dots and organic dyes, posing a major obstacle to their assay application. It is challenging but important to pursue a way to improve the luminescence of metal NCs. In this work, we developed a novel strategy to enhance the luminescence of silver nanoclusters (Ag NCs) based on the binding with 6-aza-2-thiothymine (ATT) via Au3+ bridging. We studied the possible mechanism of this binding-induced luminescence enhancement and attributed it to the ligands rigidifying. Since 2-thiouracil (2-TU), a common anticancer, antithyroid, and antiviral agent, featured a similar molecular structure of ATT, this luminescence enhancement strategy can be designed to sensitive and selective turn-on detect 2-TU. As far as we know, this is the first report for the fluorescent turn-on detect 2-TU. Benefiting from the good performance of this method and the advantages of fluorescence assay, intracellular imaging of 2-TU, which has yet to be achieved based on currently developed analytical methods for 2-TU, was carried out via our approach. Moreover, to further expand the sensing application of the developed luminescence enhancement method, we constructed a universal detection platform. Taking hyaluronidase as a target, the feasibility of the detection platform was confirmed. The discoveries in this study offer a simple route to improve the optical properties of NCs and design their sensing applications.


Assuntos
Luminescência , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Hialuronoglucosaminidase , Prata , Tiouracila
6.
Talanta ; 236: 122819, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635210

RESUMO

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) based on plasmonic metal nanoparticles and semiconductors has been used as performance-enhancing structures for sensing trace chemicals. We have selected a case of oxide functional oxide organic nanostructure between ZnFe2O4 and ZnO, denoted as ZZF. By decorating such nanostructure with AuNPs, to identify R6G in varying concentrations (10-6 M - 10-12 M), an enhancement factor of 1.6 × 108 was observed. The material was used for the identification of melamine in the concentration range of 0.39 µM-7.92 µM. This high-performance nanocomposite provides improved melamine sensitivity towards SERS and the limit of detection as low as 0.39 µM. The Au-ZZF SERS substrate can yield a SERS enhancement factor of 1.37 × 107. The experimental performance demonstrates that excellent SERS enhancement is due to electrons movement within ZZF and Au nanoparticles. Owing to its easy and effective synthesis methodology, this sensitive and specific SERS substrate is a promising technique to detect trace chemicals. We further study the best energetically favorable orientation of melamine molecules over the substrate leading to the SERS activity using density functional theoretical study.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanocompostos , Óxido de Zinco , Ouro , Humanos , Prata , Triazinas
7.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1184: 339036, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625244

RESUMO

A direct electrochemistry of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs)-anchored metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is developed for detection of telomerase activity based on allosteric activation of an aptamer hairpin. AgNPs in situ decorated on PCN-224 (AgNPs/PCN-224) constituted the direct electrochemical labels that were further biofunctionalized by recognition moiety of streptavidin (SA). To achieve the target biosensing, an allosteric hairpin-structured DNA was elaborately designed for signal transduction. The presence of telomerase elongated its primer in the hairpin to displace partial stem strand, thus resulted in the formation of SA aptamer-open structure. Through the specific interaction with aptamer, SA-biofunctionalized AgNPs/PCN-224 probe was attached onto the electrode surface, generating electrochemical signal at + 0.072 V of AgNPs centralized by MOF structure. The direct electrochemical biosensor showed target activity-dependent response from 1.0 × 10-7 to 1.0 × 10-1 IU L-1 with a detection limit of 5.4 × 10-8 IU L-1. Moreover, the sensor was applied in evaluation of telomerase activity in living cancer cells. The established electrochemical detection approach in this work avoids the critical deoxygenation conditions and additional electrocatalytic reagents, which opens a novel biosensing perspective for direct electrochemistry of MOF-based nanocomposites.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Telomerase , Regulação Alostérica , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Eletroquímica , Prata , Telomerase/metabolismo
8.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1184: 338986, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625249

RESUMO

Herein, a dual-signal amplification electrochemical sensing has been proposed for the ultrasensitive detection of uranyl ions (UO22+) by integration of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and hybridization chain reaction (HCR)-assisted synthesis of silver nanoclusters (AgNCs). In this sensing platform, AuNPs are used as an ideal signal amplification carrier, aiming at increasing the loads of UO22+-specific DNAzyme on the gold electrode. In the presence of UO22+, UO22+-specific DNAzyme can be activated, leading to the cleavage of substrate strands (S-DNA). Then, HCR is triggered to produce long dsDNA through hybridization the probe with the ssDNA on the electrode surface. As a result, an amplified electrochemical response can be detected by inserting a large amount of AgNCs generated in situ using dsDNA as template. Featured with amplification efficiency, good specificity and high sensitivity, the strategy could quantitatively detect UO22+ down to 6.2 pM with a linear calibration range from 20 pM to 5000 pM. The proposed sensing platform has been also successfully demonstrated the practical application of detecting UO22+, indicating that the developed method has the potential applications and can open up a new avenue for highly sensitive detection of UO22+ in environmental monitoring.


Assuntos
Ouro , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Íons , Prata
9.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(19)2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640877

RESUMO

Flexible and biodegradable sensors are advantageous for their versatility in a range of areas from smart packaging to agriculture. In this work, we characterize and compare the performance of interdigitated electrode (IDE) humidity sensors printed on different biodegradable substrates. In these IDE capacitive devices, the substrate acts as the sensing layer. The dielectric constant of the substrate increases as the material absorbs water from the atmosphere. Consequently, the capacitance across the electrodes is a function of environmental relative humidity. Here, the performance of polylactide (PLA), glossy paper, and potato starch as a sensing layer is compared to that of nonbiodegradable polyethylene terephthalate (PET). The capacitance across inkjet-printed silver electrodes is measured in environmental conditions ranging from 15 to 90% relative humidity. The sensitivity, response time, hysteresis, and temperature dependency are compared for the sensors. The relationship between humidity and capacitance across the sensors can be modeled by exponential growth with an R2 value of 0.99, with paper and starch sensors having the highest overall sensitivity. The PET and PLA sensors have response and recovery times under 5 min and limited hysteresis. However, the paper and starch sensors have response and recovery times closer to 20 min, with significant hysteresis around 100%. The PET and starch sensors are temperature independent, while the PLA and paper sensors display thermal drift that increases with temperature.


Assuntos
Prata , Capacitância Elétrica , Eletrodos , Umidade , Temperatura
10.
Nanoscale ; 13(33): 13923-13942, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477675

RESUMO

Owing to their peculiar oxidative effect, silver cations (Ag+) are well known for their antimicrobial properties and explored as therapeutic agents for biomedical applications. Size control with improved dispersion and stability are the key factors of Ag NPs (silver nanoparticles) to be used in biomedical applications. Silver based nano-materials are highly efficient due to their biological, chemical and physical properties in comparison with bulk silver. Atomic scale fabrication is achieved by rearranging the internal components of a material, in turn, influencing the mechanical, electrical, magnetic, thermal and chemical properties. For instance, size and shape have a strong impact on the optical, thermal and catalytic properties of Ag NPs. Such properties can be tuned by controlling the surface/volume ratio of Ag nanostructures with a small size (ideally <100 nm), in turn showing peculiar biological activity different from that of bulk silver. Silver nanomaterials such as nanoparticles, thin films and nanorods can be synthesized by various physical, chemical and biological methods whose most recent implementations will be described in this review. By controlling the structure-functionality relationship, silver based nano-materials have high potential for commercialization in biomedical applications. Antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory Ag NPs can be applied in several fields such as pharmaceutics, sensors, coatings, cosmetics, wound healing, bio-labelling agents, antiviral drugs, and packaging.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanoestruturas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Prata
11.
Nanoscale ; 13(33): 14119-14129, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477693

RESUMO

Nanoparticles (NPs) have been studied for biomedical applications, ranging from prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. However, the lack of the basic understanding of how NPs interact with the biological environment has severely limited their delivery efficiency to the target tissue and clinical translation. Here, we show the effective regulation of the surface properties of NPs, by controlling the surface ligand density, and their effect on serum protein adsorption, cellular uptake and cytotoxicity. The surface properties of NPs are tuned through the controlled replacement of native ligands, which favor protein adsorption, with ligands capable of increasing protein adsorption resistance. The extent and composition of the protein layer adsorbed on NPs are strongly correlated to the degree of ligands replaced on their surface and, while BSA is the most abundant protein detected, ApoE is the one whose amount is most affected by surface properties. On increasing the protein resistance, cellular uptake and cytotoxicity in mouse embryonic fibroblasts of NPs are drastically reduced, but the surface coating has no effect on the process by which NPs mainly induce cell death. Overall, this study reveals that the tuning of the surface properties of NPs allows us to regulate their biological outcomes by controlling their ability to adsorb serum proteins.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Coroa de Proteína , Animais , Proteínas Sanguíneas , Fibroblastos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Camundongos , Prata , Propriedades de Superfície
12.
Nanoscale ; 13(31): 13344-13352, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477740

RESUMO

The construction and clinical application of a surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) platform for the early diagnosis of lung cancer could improve the survival rate of patients and would be of great significance. Nevertheless, a sensitive and reusable method for the detection of aldehydes, as biomarkers of lung cancer, in exhaled breath is still an enormous challenge. Aldehydes generally have a low cross section in Raman scattering and have a weak specific affinity to plasmonic nanoparticle surfaces, meaning that sensing them at low concentrations is incredibly difficult. Herein, an ultrasensitive SERS strategy, that can be recycled for further use, for the detection of lung cancer biomarkers in the form of aldehydes was realized by fabrication of a multifunctional Ag NPs@ZIF-67/g-C3N4 solid phase extraction (SPE) membrane. Based on the change in the vibrational fingerprints of 4-ATP before and after reaction with the aldehydes, the SPE membrane was successfully used for the ultrasensitive detection of aldehydes with a detection limit of 1.35 nM. The excellent SERS performance was attributed to the synergistic effect of the densely and closely distributed Ag NPs (providing SERS "hot spots"), ZIF-67 (concentrating the analyte molecules) and g-C3N4 (forming a membrane to prolong the contact time between the aldehydes and the substrate). In addition, recycling of the SPE membrane was achieved by utilizing the self-cleaning ability of the Ag NPs@ZIF-67/g-C3N4 membrane originating from the photocatalytic properties of g-C3N4. The proposed SERS membrane was easy to operate, rapid and portable, thus providing a potential tool for a point-of-care test in clinical and diagnostic practice.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Prata , Extração em Fase Sólida , Análise Espectral Raman
13.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1177: 338751, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482888

RESUMO

Electrochemical method capable of detecting specific nucleic acids in complex fluid will undoubtedly advance the diagnosis of many kinds of diseases. Herein, by coupling lipid membrane with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), we develop a new electrochemical method for sensitive and reliable detection of nucleic acids in biological fluids. The advantages of lipid membrane especially its excellent antifouling ability is employed to enhance the applicability of the method in complex environment; while the significant solid-state Ag/AgCl response of AgNPs is used to ensure the detection sensitivity of the method. The core of this method's workflow is the target-induced Y-shape structure formation, which results in the recruitment of AgNPs to the electrode surface, producing considerable electrochemical responses used for target nucleic acid detection. Taking highly upregulated in liver cancer (HULC), a liver cancer-related long non-coding RNA as a model target, the method exhibits high sensitivity, specificity, and reproducibility with a detection limit of 0.42 fM. Moreover, the method displays desirable usability in biological fluids such as serum, which will be of great potential in clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Incrustação Biológica , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Ácidos Nucleicos , Incrustação Biológica/prevenção & controle , Limite de Detecção , Lipídeos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Prata
14.
Talanta ; 235: 122790, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517648

RESUMO

Abnormal glycosylation of exosomal proteins is related to many diseases. However, there is still a lack of convenient and easy methods for the determination of exosomal glycoproteins. In this work, a ratiometric electrochemical sensor based on the recognition of glycoproteins by boronic acid and core-shell nanoparticles of silica-silver (SiO2@Ag) amplified signals was developed for the highly sensitive detection of exosomal glycoproteins. The CD63 aptamer-SiO2-N-(2-((2-aminoethyl)disulfanyl)ethyl) ferrocene carboxamide (FcNHSSNH2) probe was first connected to graphene oxide-cucurbit [7] (GO-CB [7]) modified GCE through host-guest recognition. The CD63 aptamer was employed for the specific capture of exosomes, and the FcNHSSNH2 molecule was used as the internal reference signal of the sensor. The mercaptophenylboronic acid (MPBA) of MPBA-SiO2@Ag probe was used for the identification of exosomes surface glycoproteins. SiO2 nanoparticle has a large specific surface area, which can load a large amount of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) for electrochemical signal amplification. The results were expressed as the current ratio of AgNPs and FcNHSSNH2. The introduction of the internal reference molecule FcNHSSNH2 could effectively reduce the measurement error caused by the different DNA density of the substrate, and further improve the sensitivity and accuracy of the detection. Under the optimal experimental conditions, this sensor allowed the sensitive detection of exosomal glycoproteins in the range of 4.2 × 102 to 4.2 × 108 particles/µL with a limit of detection (LOD) of 368 particles/µL. Furthermore, the ratiometric electrochemical sensor could be employed for the detection of exosomal glycoproteins in human serum samples, which has a good clinical application prospect.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Glicoproteínas , Limite de Detecção , Dióxido de Silício , Prata
15.
Science ; 373(6561): 1308-1309, 2021 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529473

RESUMO

[Figure: see text].


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Eletrodos , Prata
16.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 17(8): 1612-1626, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544538

RESUMO

Nanotechnology is drawing attention nowadays due to its ability to regulate metals into nanosize, ultimately changing metal's physical, chemical, and optical properties. Silver nanoparticles are known for their potential impact as antimicrobial agents due to their inherent property penetrating the cell wall. The present study aimed to develop and statistically optimise using a novel combination of capsaicin loaded silver nanoparticles (AgCNPs) as an effective anti-bacterial agent to treat psoriasis using a green approach. Ascorbic acid was used as a reducing agent to fabricate silver nanoparticles. The formulation parameters optimisation was conducted using Box-Behnken Design (3×3 factorial design). The loading of capsaicin was confirmed by attenuated total reflectance-fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy-scanning electron microscopy (EDX-SEM) confirmed the existence of silver; net-like structure revealed in SEM and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy further confirmed the nano size of the formulation. Differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction demonstrated the capsaicin transformed into amorphous after encapsulated. An in-vitro microbial study showed that the 0.10 M formulation of AgCNPs exerted potent anti-bacterial activity, which can be considered an alternative anti-bacterial agent. It also displayed that the zone of inhibition was significantly high in gram-negative bacteria (E. coli) than gram-positive bacteria (S. aureus). Green synthesised AgCNPs showed highly significant anti-bacterial activity, which indicates that this formulation can be very promising for treating psoriasis.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Prata , Capsaicina/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Humanos , Staphylococcus aureus
17.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 150: 109888, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489041

RESUMO

Owing to the probiotic origin, lipases-derived from the Lactobacilli sp. are considered to be promising biomaterials for in vivo applications. On a different note, poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)-an FDA-approved polymer for implantable applications-lacks inherent antimicrobial property, because of which suitable modifications are required to render it with bactericidal activity. Here, we employ Lactobacillus amylovorous derived lipase to surface derivatize the PCL films with silver that is a highly efficient inorganic broad-spectrum antimicrobial substance. Two different surface functionalization strategies have been employed over the alkaline hydrolyzed PCL films towards this purpose: In the first strategy, lipase-capped silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) have been synthesized in a first step, which have been covalently immobilized over the activated carboxylic groups on the PCL film surface in a subsequent step. In the second strategy, the lipase was covalently immobilized over the activated carboxylic groups of the PCL film surface in the first step, over which silver was deposited in the second step using the dip-coating method. While the characterization study using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) has revealed the successful derivatization of silver over the PCL film, the surface characterization using field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) study has shown a distinct morphological change with higher silver loading in both strategies. The antimicrobial studies employing E. coli have revealed 100 % inhibition in the bacterial growth in 4-6 h with the Ag NPs-immobilized PCL films as opposed to >8 h with those prepared through the dip-coating method. Additionally, the cytotoxicity assay using mouse fibroblast cells has shown that the PCL films immobilized with lipase-capped Ag NPs exhibit high cell compatibility, similar to that of pristine PCL film, and thereby making it suitable for in vivo applications.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Lactobacillus acidophilus , Lipase , Camundongos , Poliésteres , Prata/farmacologia
18.
Analyst ; 146(18): 5747-5755, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515708

RESUMO

A super simple ratiometric fluorescence nanosensor has been fabricated by controlling the ligands of CdZnTe quantum dots (QDs), allowing the sensitive and visual detection of silver ions (Ag+). The green-emitting L-cysteine-protected CdZnTe QDs (Lcys-CdZnTe QDs) had a specific response to Ag+ and were used as the reporting probe, while the red-emitting N-acetyl-L-cysteine-protected CdZnTe QDs (NAC-CdZnTe QDs) showed no obvious response to all tested metal ions and were selected as the reference probe. Simply mixing them without any encapsulated synthesis ultimately produced a time-saving, low-cost detection method, allowing the sensitive and visual detection of Ag+ in samples. The proposed nanosensor exhibited a linear range of 0.5-4.0 µM along with a detection limit of 0.17 µM, and has been successfully applied in real tap water and lake water samples. This nanosensor also showed obvious color changes in the detection process and has potential in visual semi-quantitative detection. Our approach may provide a general and feasible strategy for designing ratiometric fluorescence nanosensors, which will attract a wide range of interest in sensing-related fields.


Assuntos
Pontos Quânticos , Cádmio , Corantes Fluorescentes , Íons , Ligantes , Prata , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Telúrio , Zinco
19.
Talanta ; 235: 122707, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517580

RESUMO

Silver is a heavy metal commonly used as bacteriostatic agents or disinfectants. However, excess amount of silver ion (Ag+) could lead to adverse biological effects on human health. To monitor silver ions in environmental samples, we report a visual quantitative method for analyzing the trace amount of Ag+. A sliver-specific RNA-cleaving DNAzyme Ag10C firstly makes the connection between magnetic microparticles (MMPs) and polystyrene microparticles (PMPs) forming a complex as "MMPs-Ag10C-PMPs". When Ag+ is present, the Ag10C is cleaved, resulting in an increase of free PMPs. By dropping 3 µL of reacted particle solution to a capillary-driven microfluidic chip, MMPs and MMPs-Ag10C-PMPs are removed by a magnetic separator during the flow, while free PMPs can continue flowing until being trapped and accumulating at a particle dam with a narrow nozzle. The accumulation length of PMPs linearly increases with the increment of Ag+ concentrations in the range of 0-10 µM, and readable by the naked eye. We have achieved a limit of detection (LOD) down to 453.7 nM, which is significantly lower than the maximum contaminant level of 926 nM set by World Health Organization (WHO). More importantly, after validating the high selectivity against other metal ions and stable performance in different pH and water hardness, we demonstrate recovery rate >96.8% for tests of multiple fresh water sources, manifesting the feasibility in practical detection in real water samples.


Assuntos
DNA Catalítico , Prata , Água Doce , Humanos , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Microfluídica
20.
Talanta ; 235: 122728, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517596

RESUMO

With the emergence of microRNA (miRNA) as a key player in early clinical disease diagnosis, development of rapidly sensitive and quantitative miRNA detection methods are imperative. Herein, a label-free SERS assay coupled with duplex-specific nuclease (DSN) signal amplification strategy was proposed for facilely ultrasensitive and quantitative analysis of miRNA-21. Firstly, magnetic beads assembled with excessive capture DNA were utilized to hybridize the target miRNA-21. These DNA-RNA heteroduplexes were cleaved by DSN to generate small nucleotide fragments into the supernatant and the miRNA-21 released and rehybridized another DNA, going to the next DSN cycle. Consequently, numerous of small nucleotide fragments of capture DNA were released from magnetic beads and the miRNA-21 signal was transferred and amplified by the SERS signals of total phosphate backbones which are abundant in nucleotide. Furthermore, iodide-modified Ag nanoparticles (AgINPs) was employed to generate a strong and reproducible SERS signal. The proposed method displayed excellent performance for miRNA-21 detection with the linear range from 0.33 fM to 3.3 pM, and a lower detection limit of 42 aM. Moreover, this strategy exhibited effectively base discrimination capability and was successfully applied for monitoring the expression levels of miRNA-21 in different cancer cell lines and human serum.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , MicroRNAs , Ouro , Humanos , Iodetos , Limite de Detecção , MicroRNAs/genética , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Prata
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