Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.079
Filtrar
1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(1)2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36614188

RESUMO

Silver nanoparticles represent a threat to biota and have been shown to cause harm through a number of mechanisms, using a wide range of bioassay endpoints. While nanoparticle concentration has been primarily considered, comparison of studies that have used differently sized nanoparticles indicate that nanoparticle diameter may be an important factor that impacts negative outcomes. In considering this, the aim of the present study was to determine if different sizes of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs; 10, 20, 40, 60 and 100 nm) give rise to similar effects during embryogenesis of Mediterranean sea urchins Arbacia lixula and Paracentrotus lividus, or if nanoparticle size is a parameter that can modulate embryotoxicity and spermiotoxicity in these species. Fertilised embryos were exposed to a range of AgNP concentrations (1-1000 µg L-1) and after 48 h larvae were scored. Embryos exposed to 1 and 10 µg L-1 AgNPs (for all tested sizes) showed no negative effect in both sea urchins. The smaller AgNPs (size 10 and 20 nm) caused a decrease in the percentage of normally developed A. lixula larvae at concentrations ≥50 µg L-1 (EC50: 49 and 75 µg L-1, respectively) and at ≥100 µg L-1 (EC50: 67 and 91 µg L-1, respectively) for P. lividus. AgNPs of 40 nm diameter was less harmful in both species ((EC50: 322 and 486 µg L-1, for P. lividus and A. lixula, respectively)). The largest AgNPs (60 and 100 nm) showed a dose-dependent response, with little effect at lower concentrations, while more than 50% of larvae were developmentally delayed at the highest tested concentrations of 500 and 1000 µg L-1 (EC50(100 nm); 662 and 529 µg L-1, for P. lividus and A. lixula, respectively. While AgNPs showed no effect on the fertilisation success of treated sperm, an increase in offspring developmental defects and arrested development was observed in A. lixula larvae for 10 nm AgNPs at concentrations ≥50 µg L-1, and for 20 and 40 nm AgNPs at concentrations >100 µg L-1. Overall, toxicity was mostly ascribed to more rapid oxidative dissolution of smaller nanoparticles, although, in cases, Ag+ ion concentrations alone could not explain high toxicity, indicating a nanoparticle-size effect.


Assuntos
Arbacia , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Paracentrotus , Animais , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Prata/toxicidade , Tamanho da Partícula , Sêmen , Desenvolvimento Embrionário
2.
Part Fibre Toxicol ; 20(1): 1, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adverse outcome pathways (AOPs) are conceptual frameworks that organize knowledge about biological interactions and toxicity mechanisms. They present a sequence of events commencing with initial interaction(s) of a stressor, which defines the perturbation in a biological system (molecular initiating event, MIE), and a dependent series of key events (KEs), ending with an adverse outcome (AO). AOPs have recently become the subject of intense studies in a view to better understand the mechanisms of nanomaterial (NM) toxicity. Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are one of the most explored nanostructures and are extensively used in various application. This, in turn, has increased the potential for interactions of Ag NPs with environments, and toxicity to human health. The aim of this study was to construct a putative AOPs (pAOP) related to reproductive toxicity of Ag NPs, in order to lay the groundwork for a better comprehension of mechanisms affecting both undesired toxicity (against human cell) and expected toxicity (against microorganisms). METHODS: PubMed and Scopus were systematically searched for peer-reviewed studies examining reproductive toxicity potential of Ag NPs. The quality of selected studies was assessed through ToxRTool. Eventually, forty-eight studies published between 2005 and 2022 were selected to identify the mechanisms of Ag NPs impact on reproductive function in human male. The biological endpoints, measurements, and results were extracted from these studies. Where possible, endpoints were assigned to a potential KE and an AO using expert judgment. Then, KEs were classified at each major level of biological organization. RESULTS: We identified the impairment of intracellular SH-containing biomolecules, which are major cellular antioxidants, as a putative MIE, with subsequent KEs defined as ROS accumulation, mitochondrial damage, DNA damage and lipid peroxidation, apoptosis, reduced production of reproductive hormones and reduced quality of sperm. These successive KEs may result in impaired male fertility (AO). CONCLUSION: This research recapitulates and schematically represents complex literature data gathered from different biological levels and propose a pAOP related to the reproductive toxicity induced by AgNPs. The development of AOPs specific to NMs should be encouraged in order to provide new insights to gain a better understanding of NP toxicity.


Assuntos
Rotas de Resultados Adversos , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Animais , Masculino , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/toxicidade , Prata/química , Sêmen , Genitália Masculina , Mamíferos
3.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 249: 114363, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36508826

RESUMO

Particle size-dependent biological effects of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are of great interest; however, the mechanism of action of silver ions (Ag+) released from AgNPs concerning AgNP particle size remains unclear. Thus, we evaluated the influence of particle size (20, 40, 60, and 80 nm) on the acute 96-h bioaccumulation and toxicity (swim bladder damage) of AgNPs in zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae, with a focus on the mechanism of action of Ag+ released from differently sized AgNPs. The 40- and 60-nm AgNPs were more toxic than the 20- and 80-nm versions in terms of inflammation and oxidative damage to the swim bladder, as indicated by inhibition of type 2 iodothyroxine deiodinase enzyme activity, mitochondrial injury, and reduced 30-50% adenosine triphosphate content. Furthermore, up-regulation and down-regulation of swim bladder development-related gene expression was not observed for pbx1a and anxa5, but up-regulation expression of shha and ihha was observed with no statistical significance. That 20-nm AgNPs were less toxic was attributed to their rapid elimination from larvae in comparison with the elimination of 40-, 60-, and 80-nm AgNPs; thus, less Ag+ was released in 20-nm AgNP-exposed larvae. Failed inflation of swim bladders was affected by released Ag+ rather than AgNPs themselves. Overall, we reveal the toxicity contribution of Ag+ underlying the observed size-dependent effects of AgNPs and provide a scientific basis for comprehensively assessing the ecological risk and biosafety of AgNPs.


Assuntos
Sacos Aéreos , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Tamanho da Partícula , Prata , Animais , Sacos Aéreos/anormalidades , Sacos Aéreos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Prata/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
4.
Environ Res ; 216(Pt 3): 114749, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36356667

RESUMO

Development of hybrid graphitic carbon nitride (GCN) nanocomposite is an emerging research area in wastewater treatment. Herein, hybrid visible light active photocatalyst of silver decorated polymeric graphitic carbon nitride and (Ag-GCN) with cerium oxide (CeO2) nanocomposite was prepared and characterized in detail. The Ag-GCN/CeO2 photocatalyst has successfully prepared by an electrostatic self-assembly approach. The synthesized Ag-GCN/CeO2 NCs photocatalysts are characterized by various physio-chemical techniques. Using the Ag-GCN/CeO2 catalyst, the excellent photodegradation efficiency of Acid yellow-36 (AY-36) and Direct yellow-12 (DY-12) dye solution were achieved 100% within 150 min sun light irradiation. The Ag-GCN/CeO2 rate constant values of 0.048 and 0.046/min has been determined for AY-36 and DR-12 dyes, respectively. The extraordinary photocatalytic activity is due to incorporation of CeO2 with Ag-GCN which play a significant role in visible light absorption, superior reactive oxygen generation (ROS) and excellent pollutant catalyst interaction. The toxicity of the photocatalytically degraded AY-36 and DR-12 dyes were measured using the soil nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, a well-established in vivo model in biology, by analyzing survival, physiological functions, intracellular ROS levels, and stress-protective gene expressions.


Assuntos
Nanocompostos , Prata , Prata/toxicidade , Prata/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Nanocompostos/toxicidade , Nanocompostos/química , Luz , Corantes/química
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 865: 161087, 2023 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36566851

RESUMO

Engineered nanoparticles released into surface water may accumulate in sediments, potentially threatening benthic organisms. This study determined the toxicokinetics in Chironomus riparius of Ag from pristine silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs), a simulating aged Ag NP form (Ag2S NPs), and AgNO3 as an ionic control. Chironomid larvae were exposed to these Ag forms through water, sediment, or food. The potential transfer of Ag from larvae to adult midges was also evaluated. Results revealed higher Ag uptake by C. riparius upon exposure to Ag2S NPs, while larvae exposed to pristine Ag NPs and AgNO3 generally presented similar uptake kinetics. Uptake patterns of the different Ag forms were generally similar in the tests with water or sediment exposures, suggesting that uptake from water was the most important route of Ag uptake in both experiments. For the sediment bioaccumulation test, uptake was likely a combination of water uptake and sediment particles ingestion. Ag uptake via food exposure was only significant for Ag2S NPs. Ag transfer to the terrestrial compartment was low. In our environmentally relevant exposure scenario, chironomid larvae accumulated relatively high Ag concentrations and elimination was extremely low in some cases. These results suggest that bioaccumulation of Ag in its nanoparticulate and/or ionic form may occur in the environment, raising concerns regarding chronic exposure and trophic transfer. This is the first study determining the toxicokinetics of NPs in Chironomus, providing important information for understanding chironomid exposure to NPs and their potential interactions in the environment.


Assuntos
Chironomidae , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Animais , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Prata/toxicidade , Toxicocinética , Sulfetos
6.
Environ Res ; 218: 114946, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36493805

RESUMO

Nanotechnology is a multidisciplinary area of study that has grown significantly in serving many functions and impacting human society. New fields of science have been facilitated by the clean, non-toxic, and biocompatible nature of plant-derived nanoparticles. The present study deals with the first green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) using Endostemon viscosus, and their synthesized Ag NPs were characterized by different spectral methods (UV-vis Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction Spectroscopy (XRD), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Energy dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDAX). The change initially observed the production of Ag-NPs in color from green to ash and then confirmed by SPR band at 435 nm in UV-vis spectral analysis. The FTIR findings indicate that many functional groups belong to the pharmaceutically useful phytochemicals, which interact as reducing, capping, and stabilizing agents in synthesizing silver nanoparticles. The predominant peaks in the XRD pattern belong to the planes 210°, 111°, 200°, 241°, and 311° and thus demonstrated the Ag-NPs FCC crystal structure. TEM analysis exhibited spherical-shaped particles with an average size of 13 nm, and the EDAX band showed a distinctive metallic silver peak at 3.0 keV. The antibacterial activity of Ag-NPs tested to show a maximum zone of inhibition of 19 mm for Staphylococcus aureus and 15 mm for Escherichia coli at 100 µg/mL, respectively. Bio-fabricated Ag-NPs were assessed for antioxidant activity (DPPH with % inhibition 57.54% and FRAP with % inhibition 70.89%). The biosynthesized Ag-NPs demonstrated potential larvicidal efficacy against Aedes aegypti with more than 90% at 250 µg/mL. Histological profiles were altered while treating with Ag-NPs at 250 µg/mL. The photocatalytic activity of synthesized E. viscosus Ag-NPs was tested against methylene blue (MB) and crystal violet (CV), and the maximum degradation efficiency was found as 90 and 94%, respectively. Furthermore, the toxicity test on zebrafish embryos demonstrated that aberrations have only been induced at concentrations higher than 500 µg/mL. We conclude that the greenly produced Ag-NPs may find use in biomedical applications based on bacteria and cost-effective industrial wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Lamiaceae , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Animais , Humanos , Antioxidantes , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/toxicidade , Prata/química , Lamiaceae/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/toxicidade , Antibacterianos/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
7.
Environ Pollut ; 318: 120863, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36526056

RESUMO

Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) is a highly nutritive-value summer-annual forage crop used for hay, silage, grazing, and green chop. However, abiotic stresses including salinity negatively affect its growth and productivity. Furthermore, the nanotechnology is attaining greater consideration to reduce the impact of environmental stresses in plants. In the present study, transcriptome responses of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in pearl millet under salinity were investigated. The treatments were given as Control, NaCl (250 mM), AgNPs (20 mg/L), and NaCl + AgNPs to pearl millet seedlings after thirteen days of seed sowing. After 1 h of given treatments, leaf samples were collected and subjected to physio-chemical examination and transcriptome analyses. Salt stress increased the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and proline as compared to other treatments. In addition, the combined applications of NaCl + AgNPs ameliorated the oxidative damage by increasing antioxidant enzymes activities including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and peroxidase (POD). Furthermore, RNA sequencing data showed 6016 commonly annotated Differentially Expressed Transcripts (DETs) among various treated combinations. Among them, 427 transcripts were upregulated, and 136 transcripts were downregulated at nanoparticles vs control, 1469 upregulated and 1182 downregulated at salt vs control, 494 upregulated and 231 downregulated at salt + nanoparticles vs control, 783 upregulated and 523 downregulated at nanoparticles vs salt. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis showed that Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, and plant hormonal signal transduction pathway were the enriched among all identified pathways. In addition, Reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) showed that salinity up regulated the relative expression of DETs in pearl millet while, AgNPs optimized their expression that are associated with various molecular and metabolic functions. Overall, AgNPs treatments effectively improved the morphology, physiology, biochemistry, and gene expression pattern under salinity which could be attributed to positive impacts of AgNPs on pearl millet.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Pennisetum , Pennisetum/genética , Pennisetum/metabolismo , Prata/toxicidade , Prata/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Cloreto de Sódio/toxicidade , Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo , Estresse Salino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Antioxidantes/metabolismo
8.
Environ Res ; 219: 115074, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36528047

RESUMO

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) has been widely detected in the substrates of constructed wetlands (CWs), posing threaten to pollutants removal efficiency of CWs. However, the way to alleviate the toxicity of AgNPs on CWs is unclear. In this study, the gravel (GR), biochar (BC), pyrite (PY) and pyrite coupled with biochar matrix (PYBC) were selected as substrates to restore the pollutants removal efficiency of CWs under the exposure to the environment (0.2 mg/L) and accumulation (10 mg/L) concentration of AgNPs. Results showed that the BC and PY showed limited mitigation effects, while the PYBC alleviated the toxicity significantly. Especially in the exposure to the accumulation concentration of AgNPs, the removal of NH4+-N, TN, COD and TP in the PYBC were 10.2%, 8.3%, 9.4% and 10.7% higher than that in the GR, respectively. Mechanism analysis verified that AgNPs were transformed into Ag-Fe-S core shell aggregates (size >200 nm) decreasing bioavailability and the damage to cytomembrane. The PYBC restored the nitrogen removal efficiency by increasing the abundance of Nitrospira and Geothrix, which these bacteria were defined as nitrifiers and Feammox bacteria. This study provides a promising strategy to mitigate AgNPs' toxicity on the pollutant removal efficiency in CWs.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Áreas Alagadas , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Prata/toxicidade , Nitrogênio/análise , Bactérias
9.
Environ Pollut ; 318: 120906, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36549447

RESUMO

Submerged macrophytes play an important role in the global carbon cycle through diversified pathways of inorganic carbon (Ci) utilization distinct from terrestrial plants. However, the effects of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), an emerging contaminant, were unknown on the Ci utilization of submerged macrophytes. In Ottelia alismoides, the only known submerged macrophyte with three pathways of Ci utilization, before absorption, AgNPs inhibited the external carbonic anhydrase activity thus reducing the capacity of the plant to use HCO3-. After entering the plant, AgNPs mainly aggregated at the cell wall and in the chloroplast. The internalized AgNPs inhibited ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase (Rubisco) activity blocking CO2 fixation and disturbed C4 and crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) by inhibiting phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC), pyruvate phosphate dikinase (PPDK), and NAD-dependent malic enzyme (NAD-ME) activities to alter intracellular malate biosynthesis and decarboxylation. Overall, our findings indicate that the Ci utilization of the submerged macrophyte is a target of AgNPs toxicity that might affect the carbon cycle in aquatic systems.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Prata/toxicidade , NAD/metabolismo , Fotossíntese , Plantas/metabolismo , Carbono/metabolismo , Dióxido de Carbono/farmacologia , Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Ribulose-Bifosfato Carboxilase/metabolismo
10.
Forensic Toxicol ; 40(1): 49-63, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36454484

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: About 30% of all nanoparticle products contain silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). With the increasing use of AgNPs in industry and medicine, concerns about the adverse effects on the environment, and the possible toxicity of these particles to primary cells and towards organs such as the brain and nervous system increased. In this paper, the toxicity of AgNPs in neurons and brain of animal models was investigated by a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: The full texts of 26 relevant studies were reviewed and analyzed. Data from nine separate experiments in five articles were analyzed by calculating the standardized mean differences between viability of treated animals and untreated groups. Subgroup analysis was conducted. In addition, a systematic review provided a complete, exhaustive summary of all articles. RESULTS: The results of the meta-analysis showed that AgNPs are able to cause neuronal death after entering the brain (standardized mean difference (SMD) = 2.87; 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.1-3.61; p < 0.001). AgNPs sized smaller or larger than 10 nm could both cause neuronal cell death. This effect could be observed for a long time (up to 6 months). Neurons from embryonic animals whose mothers had been exposed to AgNPs during pregnancy were affected as much as animals that were themselves exposed to AgNPs. Toxic effects of AgNPs on memory and cognitive function were also observed. Studies have shown that inflammation and increased oxidative stress followed by apoptosis are likely to be the main mechanisms of AgNPs toxicity. CONCLUSION: AgNPs can enter the brain with a long half-life and it can cause neuronal death after entering the brain. AgNPs can manifest proinflammatory cascades in the CNS and BBB. Some toxic effects were detected in the cerebral cortex, hypothalamus, hippocampus and others. Studies have shown that inflammation and increased oxidative stress lead to apoptosis, the main mechanism of AgNPs neurotoxicity, which can be caused by an increase in silver ions from AgNPs.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Síndromes Neurotóxicas , Animais , Feminino , Gravidez , Prata/toxicidade , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/etiologia , Encéfalo , Inflamação
11.
Water Sci Technol ; 86(10): 2570-2580, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36450673

RESUMO

The indoor culture method was carried out to study the toxic effect of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on Achromobacter denitrificans. Specifically, the effects of AgNPs concentration, temperature and coexisting anions were analyzed. The results showed that AgNPs exerted significant inhibition on the bacteria, which was closely correlated with its concentration and temperature. Both the ammonia oxidation and generation capacity of Achromobacter denitrificans decreased significantly with an increase in AgNPs concentration. Compared with the inhibition performance at 30 °C, NH4+-N generation rates decreased by 45.31% at 20 °C and 17.58% at 40 °C, respectively, revealing that too low or too high temperature induced to reduce the nitrogen conversion ability of Achromobacter denitrificans. While compared with temperature, the effect of coexisting ions (Cl- and SO42-) was not significant (P > 0.05). Electron microscopy observations found that AgNPs non-specifically bound to the cells (content ranging from 0.04% to 0.10%) and acted on the cell surface structure, causing wrinkles, depressions, and ruptures on the surface of cell membranes, and leakage of substances in the membranes. AgNPs increased the rate of cell apoptosis and decreased the cell body volume mainly with short-term acute effects.


Assuntos
Achromobacter denitrificans , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Temperatura , Prata/toxicidade , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Ânions
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(19)2022 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36232541

RESUMO

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are found in open waters, but the effect of their low concentrations on an organism's homeostasis is not fully understood. The aim of the study was to determine the short-term exposure effects of AgNPs coated by PvP (polyvinylpyrrolidone) on the homeostasis of livers and gonads in zebrafish. Sexually mature zebrafish were exposed for seven days to silver ions (0.01 mg/dm3) or AgNPs (0.01; 0.05; 0.1; 0.5; 1.0 mg/dm3). On the last day, the liver, testes, and ovaries were subjected to a histology analysis. In the liver, we analyzed the expression of the cat, gpx1a, gsr, sod1, and cyp1a genes. On the last day of the experiment, the lowest survival rate was found in the AgNPs 0.05 mg/dm3 group. The histological analysis showed that AgNPs and silver ions cause an increase in the area of hepatocytes. The highest proliferation index of hepatocytes was found in the AgNP 0.05 mg/dm3 group. Furthermore, AgNPs were found to interfere with spermatogenesis and oogonesis as well as reduce the expression levels of the cat, gpx1a, and sod1 genes in the liver compared with the control group. Based on the results, it can be concluded that exposure to AgNPs causes cytotoxic changes in zebrafish, activates the immune system, negatively affects the process of meiosis in the gonads, and generates oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Prata , Animais , Fertilidade , Homeostase , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Povidona , Prata/metabolismo , Prata/toxicidade , Superóxido Dismutase-1/genética , Superóxido Dismutase-1/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/genética
13.
Chem Biol Interact ; 368: 110225, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36280157

RESUMO

Increasing use of nano-enabled products provides many benefits in various industrial processes and medical applications, but it also raises concern about release of nanoparticles (NPs) into the environment and subsequent human exposure. While potential toxicity of individual NPs types has been well described in scientific literature, exposure and health-related effects of nanomixtures has been poorly described. This study aimed to evaluate the combined effect of silver (AgNP) and polystyrene NPs (PSNP) on the human macrophages. AgNP are one of the most commercialized NPs due to efficient antimicrobial activity, while PSNP are ubiquitous in terrestrial and aquatic environments due to plastic pollution and degradation of polystyrene-based products. Differentiated monocytic cell line THP-1 were used as an in vitro model of human macrophages. Multiple aspects of cellular response to AgNP-PSNP nanomixture were analyzed including cell death, induction of apoptosis, oxidative stress response, expression of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, and nanomechanical properties of cells. NPs uptake was visualized by confocal microscopy and quantified using flow cytometry. Results show that nanomixture increased apoptosis and cell death, expression of IL-6, IL-8 and TNFa, oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in cells compared to AgNP and PSNP applied as single treatments, indicating mixture additive action. Anti-inflammatory cytokines IL1b, IL-4 and IL-10 were not affected by combined exposure compared to single NPs. Visualization of NPs uptake and internalization showed that AgNP and PSNP were localized mostly in cytoplasm, with small fraction of AgNP translocated into cell nuclei, which explain increased number of double-stranded DNA breaks following exposure of cells to AgNPs alone or in the mixture. Study outcomes represent clear warnings on the human co-exposure to AgNP and PSNP that needs to be implemented in risk assessment approaches towards toxic-free environment.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Prata , Humanos , Prata/toxicidade , Poliestirenos/toxicidade , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Macrófagos , Apoptose
14.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 1487024, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36267838

RESUMO

The aim of the present research was to assess the cytotoxicity of gold and silver nanoparticles synthesized into dextran-graft-polyacrylamide (D-PAA) polymer nanocarrier, which were used as a basis for further preparation of multicomponent nanocomposites revealed high efficacy for antitumor therapy. The evaluation of the influence of Me-polymer systems on the viability and metabolic activity of fibroblasts and eryptosis elucidating the mechanisms of the proeryptotic effects has been done in the current research. The nanocomposites investigated in this study did not reduce the survival of fibroblasts even at the highest used concentration. Our findings suggest that hybrid Ag/D-PAA composite activated eryptosis via ROS- and Ca2+-mediated pathways at the low concentration, in contrast to other studied materials. Thus, the cytotoxicity of Ag/D-PAA composite against erythrocytes was more pronounced compared with D-PAA and hybrid Au/polymer composite. Eryptosis is a more sensitive tool for assessing the biocompatibility of nanomaterials compared with fibroblast viability assays.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanocompostos , Prata/toxicidade , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Polímeros , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Dextranos , Ouro/toxicidade , Nanocompostos/toxicidade
15.
Neurotoxicology ; 93: 311-323, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36283513

RESUMO

In vivo toxicokinetic studies provide evidence for the translocation and accumulation of nanoparticles (NP) in the brain, thereby causing concern for adverse health effects, particularly for effects following chronic exposure. To date, only few studies investigated the effects of NP exposure on neuronal function in vitro, primarily focusing on short-term effects. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the effects of two common types of NP, titanium dioxide NP (TiO2NP) and silver NP (AgNP), on neuronal function following acute (0.5 h), sub-chronic (24 h and 48 h) and chronic (14 days) exposure in vitro. Effects of NP exposure on intracellular calcium homeostasis, spontaneous neuronal (network) activity and neuronal network morphology were investigated in rat primary cortical cells using respectively, single-cell microscopy calcium imaging, micro-electrode array (MEA) recordings and immunohistochemistry. Our data demonstrate that high doses of AgNP (≥ 30 µg/mL) decrease calcium influx after 24 h exposure, although neuronal activity is not affected following acute and sub-chronic exposure. However, chronic exposure to non-cytotoxic doses of AgNP (1-10 µg/mL) potently decreases spontaneous neuronal (network) activity, without affecting network morphology and viability. Exposure to higher doses (≥ 30 µg/mL) affects network morphology and is also associated with cytotoxicity. In contrast, acute and sub-chronic exposure to TiO2NP is without effects, whereas chronic exposure only modestly reduces neuronal function without affecting morphology. Our combined findings indicate that TiO2NP exposure is of limited hazard for neuronal function whereas AgNP, in particularly during chronic exposure, has profound effects on neuronal (network) function and morphology.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanopartículas , Ratos , Animais , Prata/toxicidade , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Cálcio , Titânio/toxicidade , Nanopartículas/toxicidade
16.
Andrologia ; 54(11): e14606, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36217242

RESUMO

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been used widely in medical applications and various industries. Humans could be exposed to the risk of AgNPs toxicity through different routes. The current study aimed to investigate the role of Spirulina platensis (SP) against the side effects of AgNPs on mice testis. Adult male NMRI mice were divided into four groups: control group, SP group (300 mg/kg bwt), AgNPs (20 nm) group (500 mg/kg bwt), Co-treated group (SP + AgNPs). The groups were treated orally for 35 days. Subsequently, epididymal sperm parameters, sperm DNA integrity, daily sperm production (DSP), sexual hormones level, malondialdehyde (MDA), total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and spermatogenesis indices were measured. In addition, the histopathology of testes was evaluated using tissue processing, haematoxylin-eosin staining and stereology techniques. A significant decrease in the number of spermatogenic cells, Leydig cells and sperm parameters was observed in the AgNPs treated group. Serum levels of testosterone and TAC were decreased significantly following AgNPs treatment. Also, MDA incremented in the serum of AgNPs treated mice. The stereological analysis revealed that AgNPs exposure induced histopathological changes in the seminiferous tubules, degeneration and dissociation of spermatogenic cells. In contrast, SP co-administration significantly counteracted AgNPs reproductive toxicity impacts. SP co-exposure caused an increase in spermatogenesis indices, TAC and also a decrease in MDA. SP improved the histopathological changes of testes tissue and spermatozoa abnormalities. In parallel, SP modulated levels of testosterone, FSH and LH. Spirulina platensis exhibited the protective potential by regulating oxidative stress against AgNPs-induced reproductive toxicity. SP could be a candidate therapy against AgNPs reprotoxic impacts.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Testículo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Animais , Prata/toxicidade , Prata/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Sêmen , Espermatozoides , Estresse Oxidativo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Testosterona
17.
Aquat Toxicol ; 252: 106318, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206702

RESUMO

Mitochondria are recognized as an important target organelle for the toxicity of nanomaterials. Although the toxic effects of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on mitochondria have been widely reported, the mechanism behind the toxicity remains unclear. In this study, the effects of two forms of silver (AgNPs and AgNO3) on carp gill mitochondria were investigated by analyzing the mitochondrial ultrastructure, physicochemical properties of mitochondrial membrane, and mitochondrial proteomics. After exposure of common carp to AgNPs (0.75 mg/L) and AgNO3 (0.05 mg/L) for 96 h, both forms of silver were shown to cause gill mitochondrial lesions, including irregular shape, loss of mitochondrial cristae, and increased mitochondrial membrane permeability. Proteomics results revealed that AgNPs and AgNO3 induced 362 and 297 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in gill mitochondria, respectively. Among the DEPs, 244 were shared between AgNPs and AgNO3 treatments. These shared proteins were mainly distributed in the mitochondrial membrane and matrix, and were significantly enriched in the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and oxidative phosphorylation pathway. The functional annotation of DEPs induced by both silver forms was mainly involved in energy production and conversion. These results indicated that the toxic mechanism of AgNPs and AgNO3 on gill mitochondria were comparable and the two forms of silver caused mitochondrial dysfunction in fish gills by inhibiting the TCA cycle and disrupting the electron transport chain.


Assuntos
Carpas , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Nitrato de Prata/toxicidade , Brânquias , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Proteômica , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Prata/toxicidade , Prata/metabolismo , Corantes/metabolismo , Corantes/farmacologia , Ácidos Tricarboxílicos/metabolismo , Ácidos Tricarboxílicos/farmacologia
18.
Chemosphere ; 309(Pt 1): 136664, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36195123

RESUMO

Silver (Ag), titanium dioxide (TiO2), and iron (Fe) nanoparticles (NPs) synthesized using the fungus Trichoderma harzianum are effective against the agriculture pathogen Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. However, their effects should be evaluated in aquatic organisms, as agriculture practices can contaminate the aquatic environment. Thus, this work evaluated sublethal effects of acute exposure (24 h) to AgNP, TiO2NP and FeNP, synthesized with T. harzianum, on the Neotropical freshwater bivalve Anodontites trapesialis, considering the hypothesis that suspension-feeding bivalves are susceptible to NPs toxicity. Individuals of A. trapesialis were divided into four groups (n = 8/group): a control group, kept in water only; a group exposed to AgNP; a group exposed to TiO2NP; and a group exposed to FeNP. The bioaccumulation of Ag, Ti, and Fe was evaluated in the gills, hemolymph, mantle, digestive gland, and muscle (foot). Lipoperoxidation, activities of the glutathione S-transferase, catalase, and superoxide dismutase, and glycogen concentration were quantified in the gills, mantle, and digestive gland. Ions (Na+, K+, Cl-, Ca2+, and Mg+2) and glucose concentrations were quantified in the hemolymph. Na+/K+-ATPase, H+-ATPase, Ca2+-ATPase, and carbonic anhydrase activities were assessed in the gills and mantle. Acetylcholinesterase activity was determined in the foot and adductor muscle. The mussels exposed to AgNP accumulated Ag in the gills, hemolymph, and foot, and showed a decrease in hemolymph concentrations of Na+ and Cl-, which was associated with the action of Ag ion (Ag+). The exposures to TiO2NP and FeNP led to the accumulation of Ti and Fe in the hemolymph, respectively, but did not promote additional effects. Accordingly, A. trapesialis showed bioaccumulation potential and susceptibility to AgNP, but was not susceptible to TiO2NP and FeNP. Thus, the preferential agricultural use of TiO2NP and FeNP over AgNP is highlighted.


Assuntos
Bivalves , Anidrases Carbônicas , Fungicidas Industriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Acetilcolinesterase , Adenosina Trifosfatases , Agricultura , Bivalves/efeitos dos fármacos , Catalase , Fungicidas Industriais/farmacologia , Glucose , Glutationa Transferase , Glicogênio , Ferro/toxicidade , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Prata/toxicidade , Superóxido Dismutase , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
19.
Chemosphere ; 308(Pt 3): 136540, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36150482

RESUMO

Biogenic silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are considered a promising alternative to their synthetic versions. However, the environmental impact of such nanomaterials is still scarcely understood. Thus, the present study aims at assessing the antimicrobial action and ecotoxicity of AgNPs biosynthesized by the fungus Aspergillus niger IBCLP20 towards three freshwater organisms: Chlorella vulgaris, Daphnia similis, and Danio rerio (zebrafish). AgNPs IBCLP20 showed antibacterial action against Klebsiella pneumoniae between 5 and 100 µg mL-1, and antifungal action against Trichophyton mentagrophytes in concentrations ranging from 20 to 100 µg mL-1. The cell density of the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris decreased 40% after 96 h of exposure to AgNPs IBCLP20, at the highest concentration analysed (100 µg L-1). The 48 h median lethal concentration for Daphnia similis was estimated as 4.06 µg L-1 (2.29-6.42 µg L-1). AgNPs IBCLP20 and silver nitrate (AgNO3) caused no acute toxicity on adult zebrafish, although they did induce several physiological changes. Mycosynthetized AgNPs caused a significant increase (p < 0.05) in oxygen consumption at the highest concentration studied (75 µg L-1) and an increase in the excretion of ammonia at the lower concentrations, followed by a reduction at the higher concentrations. Such findings are comparable with AgNO3, which increased the oxygen consumption on low exposure concentrations, followed by a decrease at the high tested concentrations, while impairing the excretion of ammonia in all tested concentrations. The present results show that AgNPs IBCLP20 have biocidal properties. Mycogenic AgNPs induce adverse effects on organisms of different trophic levels and understanding their impact is detrimental to developing countermeasures aimed at preventing any negative environmental effects of such novel materials.


Assuntos
Chlorella vulgaris , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Amônia , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Daphnia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Prata/toxicidade , Nitrato de Prata/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra
20.
Chemosphere ; 308(Pt 2): 135950, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075361

RESUMO

Nanomaterials mainly nanocomposites possess unique physical and chemical properties which makes them superior and indispensable. Though much research has been focused on the properties and application of nanocomposites, the eco-toxicity assessment is one among top priority, which aims to protect the population of concerned biological component and their ecosystem. With this objective, the present study has undertaken an initiation to evaluate the efficacy of chitosan-silver nanocomposite for methyl orange adsorption property (CS-AgNC) and also assessed the toxicity impact on growth parameters of freshwater Tilapia. Batch in vitro studies showed that all the tested dosages of the nanocomposite were effectively adsorbing maximum concentration of methyl orange. The synthesized nanocomposite was administrated to the tested fishes followed by the determination of various growth, nutritional parameters, gene expression of enzymatic antioxidants and liver, and intestinal tissues histology. Obtained results indicated that nanocomposite treatment was not projected as a toxic impact on all the tested growth, and nutritional parameters. Histology study showed that the exposure of Tilapia to nanocomposite has not shown any detrimental effect on antioxidants gene expression and liver, intestinal tissue architecture. Hence, all these findings indicated that chitosan-silver nanocomposite prepared in our present system was found to be biocompatible which suggested the possible utilization and release of the nanocomposite into the divergent ecosystem without affecting non-target organisms (NTO).


Assuntos
Quitosana , Nanocompostos , Tilápia , Adsorção , Animais , Compostos Azo , Quitosana/química , Ecossistema , Água Doce , Nanocompostos/química , Nanocompostos/toxicidade , Prata/química , Prata/toxicidade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...